[Friday Sermon] The Importance Of Praying For Leaders In Islam By Imam Murtada Gusau

In the name of Allah, the Beneficent, the Bestower of mercy

All praises and thanks are due to Allah, the Most Gracious, Most Merciful, and Owner of the Day of Resurrection. All praise and thanks are due to Allah, Who created creation so that they worship Him. He made His Signs clear and plain to them, so that they know Him, and He made the path to Him easy, so that they reach Him.

I bear witness that none has the right to be worshipped except Allah Alone without partners. His is the kingdom and He is Worthy of all praise, and He is Able to do all things. I testify that our Prophet, Imam and example, Muhammad, is Allah’s slave and Messenger. Allah has sent Muhammad with the guidance and the religion of truth to be a Warner for mankind and the jinn. May Allah’s peace and blessings be on the Prophet and on his Progeny, Companions and those who followed him with excellence till the Last Day.

Dear Muslims! Fellow Nigerians!

Remember Allah always and praise Him in the morning and evening. Know, may Allah grant you His Mercy, that Zikr (Allah’s remembrance) is the best speech to Allah. Abu Dhar (R.A) narrated a Hadith in which he said that the Messenger of Allah said to Him:

“Should I tell you about the most beloved speech to Allah? The most beloved speech to Allah is Subhanallahi wa bi-Hamdihi. (I exalt Allah above all unsuitable things ascribed to Him, and all the praises are for Him).” (Muslim collected this Hadith)

Zikr (remembering Allah) brings life to the hearts, enlightens and purifies them and fills them with happiness. Therefore, remember Allah always, humble yourselves before Him and Invoke Him in Du’a (Supplication), for:“Du’a (invocation) is the Ibadah (worship),” where Ibadah pertains to acts of worship. Invoke Allah for all your needs, minor and major, the necessary ones and those you can wait to attain. Await Allah’s relief (and it will surely come) Allah said:

“Invoke your Lord with humility and in secret.” (Al-A’raaf, 7:55)

Know, dear Muslims, that when a Muslim says Du’a for the benefit of his brother or sister, he or she earns Allah’s rewards. Allah said:

“And those who came after them say: Our Lord! Forgive us and our brethren who have preceded us in Faith.” (Al-Hashr, 59:10)

Further, Abu Ad-Darda’ and Uwaimir bin Zaid (R.A) said that they heard the Messenger of Allah (SAW) say:

“Every Muslim slave (Servant of Allah) who invokes Allah for the benefit of his absent brother, then the angel will reply, ‘Amin’ and for you the same.” (This Hadith was collected by Muslim)

Abu Ad-Darda’ (R.A) also narrated that the Messenger of Allah (SAW) said:

“The invocation of Allah by a Muslim person for the benefit of his absent brother is accepted. There will be an angel right next to his head who is entrusted with the job of replying, ‘Amin, and for you the same,’ every time he invokes Allah for his brother to earn all that is good and righteous.” (Also, Muslim collected this Hadith)

It was reported that Abu Ad-Darda’ (R.A) used to invoke Allah for seventy of his companions by name when they were not present with him, thus testifying that his heart was pure towards his brethren.

Therefore, since invoking Allah for other Muslims carries a reward for the Muslim, then there is no doubt that invoking Allah for Leaders to lead people righteously and honestly carries greater reward and bounties from Allah. Also, invoking Allah for other people is a part of the sincere advice that Muslims must deliver to their brethren.

Tamim bin Aus Ad-Darri (R.A) narrated:

“The Prophet (SAW) said, ‘The religion is sincerity.’ We said ‘To whom?’ He said, ‘To Allah, His Book, and His Messenger and to Muslim Leaders and their common folk.”

My Respected people!

Invoking Allah for sincere Leaders becomes more important if they lead people righteously and honestly. Therefore, the believing slave should draw closer to Allah by invoking Him for Leaders, because when they are righteous, the Ummah (Nation) in general benefits from their righteousness, and the vice versa. We should warn against the practice of those who do not have knowledge and whose habit is to defame their sincere and righteous Leaders and curse them, thus earning sin because of their ill-mannerism. There is a big difference between advising, and cursing and defaming. Muslims should offer sincere advice to their leaders, but should refrain from cursing, attacking, shouting and stoning them for fear that this might shatter the unity of the Ummah, causing a larger evil than the one they seek to remove. This, if it happens, will only please the enemies of unity and progress and brings comfort and happiness to their hearts.

Know that when Leaders are righteous, the Muslim Nation will benefit as a whole.

Abu Umamah (R.A) narrated that the Prophet (SAW) said:

“Do not curse your leaders and invoke Allah to make them righteous, for their righteousness brings about your well-being as well.”

This Hadith asserts the requirement from Muslims to advise their leaders and invoke Allah to make them righteous, just and fair. Also, implementing this Hadith serves to unite the Ummah (Nation), just as the Prophet (SAW) commanded.

Umm Al-Husain Al-Ahmasiyyah (R.A) said that she heard the Messenger of Allah (SAW) say in a Khutbah he delivered at Arafat:

“Even if a slave is appointed your commander, leading you according to Allah’s Book, (or he is following the rule of law or respecting the law of the land) then hear him and obey.”

Abdullah, son of Imam Ahmad bin Hanbal commented:

“I heard my father say, ‘I believe that the Leader has the right on me that I hear and obey him in times of ease and times of hardship, whether I feel vitality or relaxation.” (Muslim, Ahmad and Ibn Majah collected this Hadith)

Imam Ahmad bin Hanbal, who is known as the Imam of the Ahlus-Sunnah wal-Jamaa’ah, used to say:

“If I have an accepted supplication, I will invoke Allah on behalf of the Leader.”

This statement from Imam Ahmad indicates his knowledge and understanding in the religion. If the Leader is righteous and just, the entire country will benefit, righteousness will flourish, Allah’s blessing will descend on them, the righteous people will become dominant and the evil ones will be humiliated.

Fellow Muslims! Fellow Nigerians!

Invoking Allah for Just and sincere Leaders is a way of helping one another in righteousness and fear from Allah; it unites the word of the Ummah, brings their hearts together and makes their Leader feel kind towards his nation.

Imam Ahmad and Muslim narrated that ‘Auf bin Malik Al-Ashja’i said:

“I heard the messenger of Allah say, ‘The best of your leaders are those who you love and they love you, for whom you invoking Allah for mercy and blessings and they invoke Allah for you for mercy and blessings. The worst of your Leaders are those whom you hate and they hate you, whom you curse and they curse you.’ We asked, ‘O Allah’s Messenger! Should we fight them in the latter case?’ He said, ‘No, as long as they establish the prayer for you. Verily, if a commander is appointed over one of you and he witnessed his commander committing Allah’s disobedience, let him hate the disobedience of Allah that he is committing, but refrain from rising against him.”

My respected people!

Our leaders actually need supports and prayers from us in order to bring national development and the consolidation of democratic gains in the nation. This is the time of patience and sacrifice. Our economy was in danger. Only God through our prayers can take us out of these problems bedeviling our country. And our prayers and supports to the leaders will go a long way in bringing the solutions to all these challenges by God’s Grace. Allah makes this change a blessing and mercy to all of us.

My Respected people!

Fear Allah, support, respect and pray for your leaders. It actually baffles, surprises, and confuses me to see or hear a Muslim attacking, stoning, disrespecting, disobeying and shouting at his leader. Most of the times, I also used to ask myself that, should those kind Muslims really understand the teachings of their religion? Should these kind Muslims really receive good Islamic upbringing and training from their parents? Because all we knew was that, Islam ordered its followers to respect their leaders and pray for them, be they political leaders, “traditional” leaders, community leaders or Religious leaders. Therefore, with this, I urged all of us to fear Allah and follow the teachings of our religion in order for us to succeed here and the hereafter.

O Allah’s slaves! O Nigerians!

Fear Allah and feel His Watch as if He is right in front of your eyes. Invoke Allah to grant righteousness to us all, and our leaders, and to make our Leaders among those who fear Him, seek refuge with Him, follow His Commandments and seek His Pleasure.

“O you who believe! Keep your duty to Allah and fear Him, and speak (always) the truth. He will direct you to do righteous good deeds and will forgive you your sins. And whosoever obeys Allah and His messenger (SAW), he has indeed achieved a great achievement (i.e. he will be saved from the Hell-fire and will be admitted to Paradise.” (Al-Ahzaab, 33:70-71)

O Allah! Who created and brought the heavens and earth into existence, Who does not pass away or depart. He, Who knows all about our conditions and is fully aware of all our movements and period of rest, helps our President, Muhammadu Buhari to stop this Boko Haram People and all the Nigerians problems. Yaa Rahman Yaa Raheem!

O Allah! Who creates, sustains and controls the affairs within the universe. He Who protects and preserves us and controls our affairs, the Sole Creator, Sustainer and Brilliant Planner. We call on You to forgive us, have sympathy for us and give our president wisdom, power, knowledge and grace to stop and defeat the extremists (Boko Haram), a group which destroys, and does not build, corrupts much, and does not rectify, and all the related terror activities from this our beloved and great country, Nigeria. Yaa Rabb!

O Allah! Use him ( Muhammadu Buhari), his vice Osinbajo, Senate President Bukola Saraki, speaker House of Representatives Yakubu Dogara, our state Governors, our ministers and commissioners our local Government Chairmen, our Sultan, our Shehus, Obas and Emirs and all our other leaders to transform and salvage Nigeria, so that they lead us to all that is good for us and our country. Yaa Hayyu yaa Qayyum!

Our Lord! Let not their hearts deviate after You have guided them, grant them and us mercy from You, truly, You are the Bestower of Mercy.

O Allah! We are powerless, speechless and helpless, we pray through You to protect us and our leaders from fallen into mistakes and guides them O Allah, to all that which is good to all of us. Guide them, so that they will work for the unity, peace, progress and stability of Nigeria. Guide them also to provide quality and responsible leadership, and to bring Nigeria’s vast resources together to tackle a series of deep-seated, interconnected challenges and put the country on a road to better governance, increased security, and greater prosperity. Yaa Ar-hamar Raahimeen Yaa Rabbal Aalameen!

O Allah! Give them the zeal to overcome daunting and threatening challenges, instill in them Your fear, so that they will lead justly towards the development of our people and county.

O Allah! Protect us all and our country, bless this county, forgive and have mercy, and destroy whoever that has a bad intention against our leaders, against us and our great country, Nigeria. Just as you protected us before, we seek for more of such protection, Yaa Zal Jalaali wal Ikraam!

Our Lord! Accept (this prayer) from us. Indeed you are the Hearing, the knowing… Ameen.

With this I conclude my Sermon (Khutbah) and ask Allah (SWT) the Almighty, to forgive all of our sins. So seek His forgiveness, for He is the All-Forgiving, the All-Merciful.

Indeed all praise belongs to Allah, the Lord of all creation – and May peace and blessings of Allah be upon the beloved Prophet, his family, his Companions and those who follow him precisely until the Day of Judgment.

 

This Khutbah (Friday Sermon) was prepared for delivery today, Ramadan 2, 1436 A.H (June 19, 2015), by Imam Murtada Muhammad Gusau, the Chief Imam of Nagazi-Uvete Jumu’at Mosque Okene, Kogi State Nigeria. He can be reached for an advice or correction through 08038289761.

 

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[Friday Sermon] Importance Of Moral Education In Islam By Imam Murtada Gusau

In the Name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful

Alhamdulillah. Indeed, all praise is due to Allah. We praise Him and seek His help and forgiveness. We seek refuge with Allah from the evil within ourselves and from our wrongdoings. He whom Allah guides, no one can misguide; and he whom He misguides, no one can guide.

I bear witness that there is no (true) god except Allah – alone without a partner, and I bear witness that Muhammad (SAW) is His ‘abd (servant) and Messenger.

“O you who believe! Revere Allah the right reverence, and do not die except as Muslims.”(Al-Imran, 3:102)

“O people! Revere your Lord who has created you from a single soul, created from it its mate, and dispersed from both of them many men and women. Revere Allah through whom you demand things from one another, and (cherish the ties of) the wombs, indeed, Allah is ever Watchful over you.”(An-Nisaa’, 4:1)

“O you who believe! Revere Allah and say fair words. He will then rectify your deeds and forgive your sins. He who obeys Allah and His Messenger have certainly achieved a great victory.” (Al-Ahzaab, 33: 70-71)

Indeed, the best speech is Allah’s (SWT) Book and the best guidance is Muhammad’s (SAW) guidance. The worst affairs (of religion) are those innovated (by people), for every such innovation is an act of misguidance leading to the fire.

Fellow Muslims! Fellow Nigerians! Servants of Allah!

Know that, education occupies an important place among the Muslims. It has great impact on the minds of growing generations who are the pillars of every society.

Moral education in the early days of Islam served the needs of the Ummah. It produced mature generations and made the Ummah the leader not the led, the powerful not weak; for it was an Ummah that gives more than it takes.

Educationists are heavily responsible for guiding the growing generation, arming them with faith and protecting them against trials and temptations. The Muslim Ummah should deem herself above regarding education as a mere means of increasing material wealth and neglect the noble goals of education. The young boy who goes to school is like an empty vessel and within days and years; this vessel will be filled with conducts, manners and ways that are learnt from educational institutions. It is these, that shape his life and moulds his way of thinking and way of life and it is by this that education embodies the identity of the society and the Ummah and shows her values.

Amid various modern educational theories, we Muslims sometimes forget some fundamental things. The primary purpose of education is to raise up the growing generations on Islamic values and concepts brought by Allah’s Messenger (SAW) Sallallahu ‘alayhi wa sallam, to make the youth a true Muslim in his belief, feelings and conduct, submitting all aspects of his life to Islam, prostrating to Allah, humbling himself before Him and weeping whenever he hears the verses of Allah being recited out of hope for His Mercy and fear of His punishment.

Nations do not progress by accumulating information or wealth but by education that implants value and principles that reflect in practical life. Wise men do not regard the goal of education as mere accumulation of information and committing texts to memory without having any respect for their meanings. If we therefore, aim at nurturing the generations and making them progress to perfection, no amount of material information and mechanical expertise can develop a person, make him a complete human being and encourage him to do good if that is not backed with a strong belief in excellent values and concepts. Mere memorization of the concepts, without allowing that to have impact on the heart or conduct is of no use.

Servants of Allah! Fellow Nigerians!

The duty of education, before imparting information, should be to prepare the heart that will use this information for good, not evil, for the benefit of mankind not to harm them. This can however not be achieved except by implanting the correct faith in the depths of the youth’s heart so that, it cannot be stained with ambiguity or deviated by lust or wrong ideologies. It should be a faith-based education that is far from frivolities and impudence and whose foundation is the Qur’an and Sunnah of the Prophet Muhammad (SAW), understood according to the way of the righteous predecessors, and aimed at purifying the soul. It should be and education that makes the soul aim at lofty matters and deem itself above debasing things; and education that makes the soul pleased, annoyed, befriend and struggle for the sake of Allah alone. Our need for hearts that are full of true Faith is therefore, not less than our need for heads that are filled with information, so that our growing generation will not become a devil hat spread its evil and destruction in society and across the world and in order that they may not be corrupted by drugs and perverted ideologies.

The messenger of Allah (SAW) did not use to leave any man for his whims whenever he embrace Islam but would each him the matters of his religion. When Umayr bin Wahb embraced Islam, the Prophet (SAW) told his companions:

Teach your brother the matters of his religion and teach him the Qur’an.”

Also Imam Ahmad reported,

“The companions used to learn ten verses of the Qur’an of the Prophet (SAW) and they would not learn another ten verses until they had well understood the meanings of the previous ten verses and put them into practice. They would say: We learnt both knowledge and practice.”

Our righteous predecessors used to call children’s teacher educator and mentor. Ibn Al-Mubaarak said:

“We learnt morals for thirty years and we studied knowledge for twenty years.”

Ibn Seereen said:

“The righteous predecessors used to learn moral guidance as they would learn knowledge.”

Brethren in faith! Fellow Nigerians!

The effective and truthful education is the one that goes hand in hand with nurturing, for education without nurturing is useless and valueless, and to separate between them breeds a generation that will be weak in faith, corrupt and ignominious in personality and confused in thought; a generation that will have no regard for values and will be an easy target for vicious thoughts and dangerous, un-Islamic ideologies. The youth educated in this way will use his knowledge to cause misery to himself and his society. What is the value of knowledge, if its owner is a liar, corrupt and traitor who indulges in filthy dealings and undo the very essence of education bit by bit through his pervasive behaviours? What is the value of knowledge if that does not reflect practically in the student’s relationship with his teachers, brethren, colleagues, society and books?

Therefore, learning is more than to memorize a book or to receive information or to attend classes. It is rather making of a generation and implanting of belief, concepts and values. The perpetuity of any nation then lies in its ability to transfer its faith, morals and history to its upcoming generations with its language.

The moral problems of a nation manifest when it neglects education and separates moral education from learning. If all this scientific progress is not accompanied by high moral standards, it will eventually lead to real perdition. Was it not this civilization that triggered, -within 25 years- two worlds wars in which weapons of mass destruction that threaten the humanity with complete destruction, were created and wantonly used? Modern civilization wallows in the abyss of moral decay in spite of its scientific progress and it caused among the Muslim communities problems of belief, morals and ideologies which can only be solved if the Muslims go back to the Islamic values and Divine Guidance. That is why education specialists say that, “the first step towards reform is good education and last step is also good education”.

Fellow believers! Fellow Nigerians!

The Muslim youth will grow up to be fruitful member of the society if he does not see cheating, corruption, or hears lie; he will learn virtues, if his environment is not polluted with immoralities; he will learn compassion if he is not treated with harshness and he will learn honesty if dishonesty is eradicated from the society.

We Muslims are obliged to benefit from all useful modern sciences, but we must be aware that these sciences must be purified from their filth, for many of these sciences have been developed by modern materialistic thoughts that emanated from perverted cultures and in a society in which there is a continuous war between sciences and religion, where knowledge and values have no regard.

Modern sciences should not be imparted wholesale before they are subjected to purification by Muslims. We do not reject universal sciences, psychology, astronomy, sociology or other sciences, but we do not accept the foundations that contradict religion on which these sciences are built. To Muslims, the Faith should be axis of foundations of sciences and Islam should be the frameworks of their methodologies. It is then that all sciences can be in line with the greatest testament, “There is no God worthy of worship but Allah”, that every seed can glorify Allah and affirm His Omnipotence Oneness. It is then that sciences can achieve their desired moral goals in which the student will acquire morals, virtues, knowledge and faith. Allah says:

“He is it who sent among the unlettered ones a Messenger (Muhammad) from among themselves, reciting to them His verses, purifying them (from the filth of disbelief and polytheism) and teaching them the Book (this Qur’an) and Al-Hikmah (the Sunnah). And verily, they had been before in manifest error.” (Al-Jum’ah, 62:2)

Brethren in Islam! Servants of Allah!

Learning is an obligation of every male and female. But because of the natural differences between both, we must not neglect the methodology and curricula that will enable each one of them carry out his or her natural responsibilities in life. By teaching a girl useful sciences and knowledge, she is being prepared to carry out her primary duty as a wife, mother, house mistress, nurturer of generations and maker of men; and the boy is made to qualify as the leader of the house who directs its affairs with wisdom, compassion and knowledge.

Brethren in faith! Fellow Nigerians!

Preparing curricula about family and all that relates to it has become a goal and social necessity imposed by the conditions of today’s families, that live in undesirable interrelationships, emotional dryness and ignorance about the concept of guardianship, foundations of marital life, basics of child bearing and the art of dealing with family problems not to talk of rampant divorce cases and the rise in the rate of spinsterhood.

O Allah! We seek refuge in you from grief and sadness, from Weakness and from laziness, from miserliness and from cowardice, from being overcome by debt and overpowered by men.

I ask Almighty God (Allah) to enable every Muslim to fully understand these words and to comprehend the Islamic position with respect to the people of misguidance. I also ask Him (SWT) ability to grant every person the ability to grasp the true message and beauty of Islam as it was revealed to the noble prophet of Islam.

I pray that Allah will guide us all in these difficult times. May Allah help us to internalize and externalize His noble qualities of Mercy, Love and Wisdom. Let us show patient, perseverance in serving others, and in building bridges between Muslims and our neighbours in the wider community. Let us pray that Allah help us to become better Muslims who follow His command so that we can set a good example for others.

Indeed all praise belongs to Allah, the Lord of all creations – and May peace and blessings be upon the prophet, his family, his companions and those who follow him precisely until the Day of Judgment. Ameen.

This Khutbah (Friday Sermon) was prepared for delivery today, Rajab 5, 1436 A.H (April 24, 2015), by Imam Murtada Muhammad Gusau, the Chief Imam of Nagazi-Uvete Jumu’at Mosque, Okene, Kogi State Nigeria. He can be reached through 08038289761 and murtadagusau2@yahoo.com

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Tolerance and the Importance of Dialogue in Islam, By Imam Murtada Gusau

FIRST SERMON:

In the name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful

Praises be to Allah, Creator of the Universe, Many, pure and blessed praises. I bear witness that there is no god but Allah, the One God who has no partner. I also bear witness that our Master Muhammad is the servant and Messenger of Allah. May Allah have His peace and blessings upon our Master Muhammad, His family (His Ahl Al-Bayt), His Chosen Companions and all those who will follow their righteous path till the Day of Judgment.

Dear Muslims, Dear Nigerians, I call on myself first and all of you to be God-fearing and pious. I also urge you to obey Him, the Almighty, Who says: “O you who believe! Keep your duty to Allah and fear Him, and speak (always) the truth. He will direct you to do righteous deeds and will forgive you your sins. And whosoever obeys Allah and His Messenger (Peace be upon him), has indeed attained a great achievement” (Al-Ahzaab, 33:70-71).

O servants of Allah, Allah has chosen man, has favoured him and has fully endowed him. He has sent down to him Messengers and Holy Books. He also set rules and commands. Allah, the Almighty, says: “And indeed We have honoured the Children of Adam. And we have carried them on land and sea, and have given them for sustenance good and pure things, and conferred on them special favours, above a great part of those We have created” (Al-Israa’, 17:70).

Islam was sent down as mercy and guidance to mankind. In a world that has become smaller and interdependent, in a world seeking peace and stability, mankind is in crucial need, now more than ever, to learn the true principles and essence of Islam and the life of Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him). His Noble Sirah represents the best practical model of coexistence in society and amongst different communities on the basis of fraternity and righteous cooperation. Islam asserts and recognises diversity and multiplicity as part of the Divine intention and purpose in creation. Allah says in the Noble Qur’an: “And if Allah had so willed, He could surely have made mankind one nation, but they will not cease to disagree, except him on whom Allah has bestowed His mercy and for that did He create them” (Huud’, 11:118-119).

Islam has laid the foundations of peaceful coexistence in society and even in the world at large. Islam calls for peaceful cooperation which leads to a better life for everyone. When Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) was exhorting Muslims to support the newly established Muslim community in Madinah, he signed the Constitution that embodied the Islamic principle of reaching contractual peaceful coexistence with adherents of other religions. Based on the Islamic Principles, Muslims all over the world live in peace in diverse societies irrespective of difference in religion, race or culture.

Dear servants of Allah, Islam prohibits any form of coerced (forced) conversion to Islam. Indeed, Allah, the Exalted, says in the Noble Qur’an: “There is no compulsion in religion.” Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) called for Islam with gentle approach and wisdom.

“It is reported from Abu Hurairah (R.A) that the Prophet, may peace and blessings of Allah be upon him, sent riders towards Najd. They brought a man of the bani Hanifa, whose name was Thumamah Ibn Uthal, and tied him to one of the pillars of the mosque. Then the Noble Prophet came out to him and asked him three times to convert. When the man refused, the Prophet asked them to let him go. The man went to a date tree close to the mosque, had a bath and came back and said: “I testify that there is no god but Allah, and Muhammad is His Messenger.”

Islamic teachings call for Muslims to respect and cooperate with people from all walks of life regardless of difference in religion, culture, race and tribe. Islam stands firm for the principle of non-coercion. It even emphasises the importance of honouring one’s parents irrespective of their faith. Asma’ bint (daughter) of Abu Bakr, May Allah be pleased with them, said:
“My mother came to visit me at the time of Prophet (peace be upon him) and she was a nonbeliever. I inquired from the Prophet (peace be upon him) who said: “Continue to do good to your non-believing mother.”

Islam stands firm for justice in society. The reluctance of some people to convert to Islam should not be by any means a pretext to assault or hurt them or forgo their rights. Allah, the Almighty, says in the Noble Qur’an: “Let not the hatred of others to you make you swerve to wrong and depart from justice. Be just; that is next to piety; and fear God” (Al-Maa’idah, 5:8).

Muslims must keep and honour their treaties, covenants or agreements… because disloyalty and betrayal are two abhorred attributes in Islam. We ask Allah, the Almighty, to help us obey Him and obey those He has ordained us to obey. Allah says in the Noble Qur’an: “O you who believe! Obey Allah, and obey the Messenger and those charged with authority among you” (An-Nisaa’, 4:59).

SECOND SERMON:

Praises be to Allah, Creator of the Heavens and the Earth. I bear witness that there is no deity but Allah, the One God who has no partner. I also bear witness that our master Muhammad, May Allah have His Peace and blessings upon him. His family, His Companions and all those who will follow their righteous path till the Day of Judgment.

Dear Muslims, Dear Nigerians, I call upon myself first and all of you to fear Allah, The Almighty, I also urge you to obey Him as Allah says in the Noble Qur’an: “O you who believe! Fear Allah as He should be feared and die not except in a state of Islam” (Al-Imran, 3:102).

O Muslims, O Nigerians, The Noble Qur’an and the Hadith of the Prophet abounds with example and parables emphasising the importance of dialogue in human’s life. They also teach us to be good and attentive listeners. Indeed, engaging in dialogue was embodied in the Noble Qur’an’s story of creation when the angels asked Allah: “Behold, Allah said to angels: I will place generations after generations on earth. “They said: “Will You place therein one who will make mischief therein and shed blood? – Whilst we glorify You with praises and thanks and sanctify you? He (Allah) said: I know what you know not” (Al-Baqarah, 2:30).

The angels consented to the Divine command: “So the angels prostrated all of them together, except Satan – he refused to be among the prostrators” (Al-Hijr, 15: 31-32). Allah, the Almighty, inquired from Satan about the reason for his disobedience. Allah says: “Allah said: O Satan! What is your reason for not being among the prostrators. Satan said: “I am not the one to prostrate to a human being whom you created from dried clay, from mud moulded into shape” (Al-Hijr, 15:32-33). It is such a great lesson epitomising (emphasising) the importance of dialogue in our life. We also learn how to be good listeners, even to those we believe to be wrong.

O Believers, O My Respected people, Prophets Noah (Nuh), Hud, Abraham (Ibrahim), Shu’aib, Moses (Musa) and Muhammad May Allah have peace upon them, did engage in dialogue with their peoples and the Noble Qur’an recounts their dialogues.

O Muslims, One of the parables in the Noble Qur’an addresses the life of two different men. Allah bestowed his blessings upon one of them, with two marvellous gardens abounding with all kinds of fruits. He became so arrogant and forgot that what he had was from Allah and denied the Day of Judgment. Despite that, his believing companion was following the ethics of disagreement in Islam and was advising him kindly. Allah, The Exalted, says: “His companion said to him, in the course of argument with him: “Do you deny Him Who created you out of dust, then out of a sperm drop?”(Al-Kahf, 18:37). The parable ends with the man’s repentance, as Allah, Almighty recounts what he said: ”Woe to me! Would I have never ascribed partners to Allah” (Al-Kahf, 18: 42). This successful dialogue stresses the importance of the ethics of dialogue and kind persuasion in Islam.

O Believers, The vital role of dialogue in our life must be taught (conveyed) to our children. It is essential in all frameworks of interpersonal communications between husband and wife, between fathers and children, between leaders and the led and between teachers and students. In the life of the Prophet (pbuh), there is a viable example of dialogue with children. Ibn Abbas, May Allah be pleased with them, said: “Milk was brought to the Prophet (may Allah’s blessings and peace be upon him). On his right was Ibn Abbas who was a little boy and on his left Khalid bin al-waleed. He said to the boy: if you permit, I shall give Khalid first.” The boy said:” I do not want to let anyone have my share of what is left from your lips.” Ibn Abbas had milk first then Khalid.” This dialogue addresses the need to respect our kids’ feelings and to listen to their opinions.

O Muslims, For a dialogue to succeed, we must not indulge in argumentation about matters of which we have no knowledge, no evidence and no proof, as Allah, the almighty, says:” “Yet of mankind is he who disputes about Allah without knowledge or guidance or a book to enlighten them” (Luqman, 31:20). If one is clear about the purpose of the dialogue, then it is necessary to resort to wisdom and the best persuasion methods and techniques.

Also dialogue requires respecting the other part, exerting patience with him and avoiding interruption when he/she is defending a vision, opinion or idea. We must have good faith in the other party, and avoid useless argumentation leading to hostility. The prophet of Allah (peace be upon him) said: “The most detestable man to Allah is the hostile one.”

Dear servants of Allah, I urge you first to fear and obey Allah. The Noble Qur’an approach to dialogue stresses that one of its goals is to instil positive changes or to correct misconceptions. Further, dialogue could lead to effective solutions to human issues and problems hence creating a more coherent society. Through deep listening with compassion and positive dialogue, a stronger family unit may be built, friends may be united. Through acceptance and respect of differences, coexistence and tolerance may keep society in peace. Therefore, dialogue leads to achieving high human and ethical values. I urge you all to resort to purposeful dialogue in resolving all your problems and issues.

We ask Allah, the Almighty, to help us obey Him and those He has commanded us to obey in the Noble Qur’an: “O you who believe! Obey Allah and obey the Messenger (peace be upon him) and those of you who are in authority”(An-Nisa, 4: 59).

May Allah help us to be of the people of the Noble Qur’an and of the followers of the path of the Noble Prophet (peace be upon him), Ameen.

This Khutbah (Friday Sermon) was prepared for delivery today Jumaadal-ula 29, 1436 A.H (March 20, 2015), by Imam Murtada Muhammad Gusau, the Chief Imam of Nagazi-Uvete Juma’ah Mosque Okene, Kogi State Nigeria. He can be reached via 08038289761 and murtadagusau2@yahoo.com

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