Taming The Violence And Cruelty In Our Societies: Killing The Snake Without Cutting It’s Head! By Imam Murtadha Gusau

In the name of Allah, the Most Merciful, the Grantor of Mercy
All praise is due to Allah, the Lord of the Worlds. He guides His obedient servants to His love and admits the doers of good to His Paradise. I bear witness that there is no deity save Allah, having no associates. I also bear witness that our Master Muhammad is the Servant of Allah and His Messenger. May the peace and blessings of Allah be upon him, his pure blessed family and companions, and all those who follow them in righteousness till the Day of Judgment.
Dear brothers and sisters! The topic of our lesson today revolves around violence, cruelty, suppression and oppression that prevailed all over the world, and the opposite concepts of them such as mercy, forgiveness and justice which are recommended in Islam.
* First of all, know that, cruelty is not part of Islam
Dear brothers and sisters! The word “cruelty” is mentioned in seven contexts in the Noble Qur’an, and in each context it is despised. Allah the Almighty says:
“Then, after that, your hearts were hardened.” [Surah Al-Baqarah, 74]
And Allah the Most High says:
“So, woe to those whose hearts are hardened.” [Surah Az-Zumar, 22]
It is narrated in Sahih Bukhari, by Abu Mas’ud Al-Badri, that the Prophet (may peace and blessings be upon him) pointed to Yemen with his hand and said:
“Verily Iman is towards this side, and harshness and callousness of the hearts is found amongst the rude owners of the camels who drive them behind their tails (to the direction) where emerge the two horns of Shaitan (Satan), they are the tribes of Rabi’ah and Mudar.” [Bukhari and Muslim]
Dear brothers and sisters! The Prophet (may Allah have peace and blessing upon him), sought refuge in Allah from cruelty. Abu Hurairah, may Allah be pleased with him said: 
“I have heard Abu Al-Qasim, the Prophet, (Peace be upon him), saying: “Mercy is not taken away except from one who is wretched and nasty.” [Hadith hasan, by Imam at-Tirmidhi]
Even the she camel if you treat it with mercy, Allah will be merciful to you. The Prophet Muhammad (Peace be upon him), was not sent forth – as you all know – but as a mercy for the Alamin (mankind, jinns and all that exists).
* Cruelty and violence in all social classes
Dear brothers and sisters! The various aspects of the social violence, about which only Allah knows, are prevailed among the societies and among common Muslims. There is violence against woman; many women are brutally beaten, and sometimes they are forced out of their houses at night… Also violence is committed against children, weak people and strangers who have no support.
This violence is spread in the Islamic societies, but not all Islamic societies are violent. I avoid generalisation, because it is but ignorance. It is highly recommended that the houses of the knowledge seekers and those who go to Masaajid (Mosques) regularly should be heaven-like even if these houses are small, and that they should be full of mercy even if they are not well-furnished. Usually, the powerful people are violent and so are the opposers. I seek refuge in Allah from it. This violence is refused and condemned.
* Violence and cruelty refer to weak personality and lack of balance
Dear brothers and sisters! The widely prevailing aspects of violence all over the world are the main reason behind the catastrophic events in it, because violence brings about violence. Let me elaborate on this point and shed light on the horrible features of this violence. Violence could be the very harmful effect of the dangerous mental state of the violent person. He mistakenly thinks that giving other people the impression that he is a fearful person will enable him to have a strong character and make people freeze when he passes by. Actually, this way of thinking indicates how weak this person is; it is resulted from mental disorder, inferiority complex and guilt complex.
Dear brothers and sisters! Narrated Jarir Ibn Abdullah, may Allah be pleased with him:
“The Prophet (Peace be upon him) had never prevented me from entering to see him since I embraced Islam, and whenever he saw me, he used to meet me with a smile.” [Bukhari and Muslim]
That’s how the Prophet (Peace be upon him) was.
* Forms of cruelty and violence
1. Cruelty and violence in speech
I am addressing every boss, President, Governor, Minister, Emir, King, Managing Director, Director, school director, hospital manager, and whoever frowns at people, and whoever likes to make people fear him thinking that doing so makes him a wise leader and a powerful man. This is absolutely wrong; your strength is derived from being merciful, modest, and from being admired by your surroundings.
Aggression can be represented by shouting at other people and raising one’s voice while talking to them. Scholars said:
“The ‘Adalah’ (The foundation of beliefs and manners) of someone is negatively affected if he shouts at home, threatens other member of the family and says dirty words.”
Loud voices are repeatedly heard at night from what supposed to be “Islamic homes.” Hereinafter some example: Cruelty can be manifested when a woman gives her husband a watch as a gift, and he asks, “How much does it cost?” Upon telling him, he says, “They ripped you off. It is a high price for such a watch.” This kind behaviour is unacceptable to someone who offers you a gift.
Also cruelty can be noticed when a man gives his wife a rose, and after smelling it, she throws it away and says, ”It is odorless.”
The Prophet (Peace be upon him), said:
“A good word is charity.” [Muslim]
Some people turn faces beat red, embarrass one another, make fun of the words of each other and belittle one another. People misbehave to each other even when insignificant issues in life are discussed not the serious topics of the creed. It is an act of violence to cause other people fish in troubled waters, look down to others, embarrass people, frown at them most of the time, be ill-tempered or say bad words to others.
2. Physical cruelty and violence
Dear brothers and sisters! In addition to attacking others, hitting, fighting, and killing, we have seen in some national and state assemblies people using chairs to hit others. This is a kind of violence.
* Causes of cruelty and violence
1. Cruelty against women
The members of some families are harsh, cruel and lack affection towards one another. Greeting is replaced with beating, kidding is replaced with cruelty. Latest studies have proved that fifty to eighty percent of those who beat their wives saw their fathers beat their mothers. The adapted behaviour of the child is based on what he sees. Hence, the patient, calm and tender father spreads mercy, tenderness and patience amongst his family, whereas the cruel and violent father, who shouts all the time, spreads in his absence violence, cruelty and shouting amongst his family.
2. Violence against children
Dear brothers and sisters! Another kind of violence is the one committed against children. A ruthless teacher may beat his student severely for a trivial mistake. Treating students harshly destroy their personalities and causes them psychological complexes. These complexes are also caused when a teacher makes fun of a student, his family, his appearance, or his weakness at a certain subject. Do you know why children suffer from these complexes? Because of a ruthless cruel father, a harsh mother or a violent teacher. Children are just like roses which are easily smashed by cruelty.
Some fathers put down their children, beat them severely and hush them before visitors if they want to speak. What if the man who treats his children badly was sterile? What if he had a son and he got sick? What if this son died? would not the father’s heart break if something wrong happened to his son?Some men don’t know that having a wife is a blessing, some women don’t know that having a husband is a blessing, some fathers don’t know that having children is a blessing, and some children don’t know that having a father is a blessing.
Dear brothers and sisters! The Prophet (Peace be upon him), said:
“I start the prayer intending to make it long, then I hear a child crying, so I make it brief lest I cause hardship to his mother.” [Bukhari]
The Prophet of Ummah, who used to read many verses of Qur’an in Al-Fajr Salah (Prayer), read only short verse lest he caused hardship to the mother whose child was crying. Why are we emotionally drained? Why did we treat other people cruelly? Why do we raise our children to respect worn-out traditions such like revenge and retaliation?
Dear brothers and sisters! Violence is the main cause of most divorces. When a husband divorces his wife for no reason he is destroying his children. They get torn between their mother and their father.
Dear brothers and sisters! Most of houses are full of violence, and schools are like military barracks where the heads of students are saturated with information. Moreover, teaching methodology is based on educating children and giving them information at the expense of raising them and building their personalities. The Prophet (Peace be upon him), said:
“Instruct other people and don’t rebuke them, because the instructor is better than the rebuker.” [Reported by Al-Harith]
3. Cruelty of media
Dear brothers and sisters! Someone said to me, “All you can watch on TV is violence, cruelty and sex.” That is exactly what one can watch on TV; violence and killing scenes are displayed on TV, whether the purpose is to inform people about what is going on (like in the news) or to entertain them (like in the movies and TV shows). Whenever you watch the news, you see killing scenes, you see bloodshed, you see burning the people’s properties, you see the killers and the injured, do not you? Do not these scenes affect our children negatively? They accumulates in their subconscious and later on they become violent even in their houses. Actually, the international events are violent makers; there are invasions and wars in many countries such as the forty-year-war in Sudan, war in Afghanistan, war in Iraq, war in Syria, etc.
4. International cruelty and violence
Actually, the international events are violent makers; there are invasions and wars in many countries.
At the summit conference which was held two years ago, someone said, “the Security Council is nothing but ‘horror council.’” All its resolutions are imposed only on weak countries. When the Security Council imposes economic sanctions on a country, who pays the price? Absolutely the poor people, while those who are supposed to be punished get away with it. Only the poor people pay the price. The Security Council which demands states to be democratic, is in itself oppressive in dealing with those countries as it uses double standard policy, is not that violence? Is not the ‘VETO POWER’ an act of violence? Is not it oppression? Is not it cruelty? What did the Spanish guest say at the summit conference? He said, “Terrorism is caused by oppression, tyranny and marginalisation.” Wallahi this is absolutely true.
5. Cruelty of traditions
Dear brothers and sisters! We inherited traditions and customs of severe and violent nature and they have no relation whatsoever to our religion, depriving some heirs of inheritance and revenge are only some examples. For example, the case of revenge; for what sin the relatives of the killer should be killed? Avenging a murdered man involves the killing of an innocent man for a crime committed by a relative or someone of the same clan? Allah the Almighty says:
“And no bearer of burdens shall bear the burden of another.” [Surah Al-An’am, 164]
Even the crimes of honour have nothing to do with our religion. The first lady in Islam, Aisha, may Allah be pleased with her, the Prophet’s wife, was falsely accused of being unchaste in Hadith Al-Ifk (the slanderous rumour that was fabricated by some hypocrites about Aisha) but what did the Prophet (Peace be upon him) do? He waited, because he had no proof to confirm that accusation or deny it, until Allah from above seven heavens declared her innocence.
How many crimes are committed in the world for honour!!!
6. Cruelty against the poor
Dear brothers and sisters! When a companion (Sahabi) caught a man in his garden eating some of its fruits, brought him to the Prophet (Peace be upon him) accusing him of theft, what did the Prophet (Peace be upon him) do? He said:
“He was ignorant; you should have taught him, he was hungry; you should have fed him.” [Hadith sahih, by Al-Hakim in His Mustadrak]
Here, the Prophet Muhammad (Peace be upon him) dealt with the causes of the problem (Ignorance, hunger and poverty), not with its results.
He (Peace be upon him) said:
“You are given help and provision (from Allah) because of your weak ones.” [Bukhari]
If you feed the weak person when he is hungry, cloth him when he has no clothes, teach him when he is ignorant, treat him when he is sick and gives him information when he lacks it, this person will be a solid and beneficial member in the society. Consequently, the society will be strong enough against whatever may penetrate it.
Unfortunately, today, some Governments and some factory owners pay the workers 20,000 Naira per month while they need 50,000 Naira for transport only, they only have 20,000 Naira monthly. What can such workers buy? How much do they pay for electricity and essential needs? Can they be able to take care about the educational problems of their children? Can they buy any meat or clothes. As there are no jobs, and with the spread of unemployment they have to accept this little payment while the Governments and the owner of the factories don’t care to spend a hundred thousand Naira per day. With this kind oppression, they are always shouting they need peace in the county, Wallahi NEVER! Azzaluman banza azzaluman wofi!!!
7. Oppression
Dear brothers and sisters! Please listen to the following Prophetic Hadith:
“The Jews collected for Abdullah Ibn Rawaha pieces of their women’s jewellery as a bribe, but Abdullah Ibn Rawaha said, “O tribe of Jews! What you have offered as a bribe is forbidden. By Allah, I came to you from the most beloved to me of Allah’s creation, and you are among the most hateful to me of Allah’s creation, but it does not prompt me to deal unjustly with you.” They said, “This is what supports the heavens and the earth.” [Bukhari and Abu Dawud]
* The negative effects of cruelty and violence
Dear brothers and sisters! Being prevailed as a social phenomenon, violence causes gradual destruction and weakness of personality, not to mention destroying talents, potentials and capacities. Moreover, violence causes cowardliness, hesitation, confusion, fear of trying and fear of committing mistakes. Violence makes people concerned about other’s opinions, and it stops them from being happy and enjoying their lives. It also has bad effects on the person and on those around him. The most dangerous effects of cruelty is breaking up families, states, countries, societies, groups, and institutions.
* Alternatives of cruelty and violence
1. Dialogue
The alternative lies in dialogue. I would like to address the father: talk to your children, be their friend, teach them instead of rebuking them, listen to their complaints, check their needs, sit with them and be their therapist. Don’t build barriers between you and them or make them afraid of you when you get home and be relieved when you go out. A characteristic of a successful father is that his children rejoice his coming back home, wish that he lives longer and never wish that he dies.
Wallahi I was told by a doctor that after he finished examining one of his patients, he told his children that their father is not seriously sick. Upon hearing that, the children frowned and scowled, because they wished that their father had a serious disease. That father was stingy and wicked, so his children wished for his death.
Dear brother and sisters! If you are a manager, talk to your employees, find out what bothers them and what makes them get hurt. Ask them how they can satisfy their needs with such little salary, try to help them and give them top priority. If you are a teacher talk to your students. Use dialogue with all those around you, but have the Qur’an as the basis of your dialogue, we should have authentic evidences, and a method of research. Use dialogue even with deviated people. Can you imagine how unacceptable it is for a young man to ask the noble Prophet (Peace be upon him) to give him permission to commit adultery!
Abu Umamah Al-Bahili, may Allah be pleased with him narrated:
“Once a young man came to the Prophet (Peace be upon him), asking permission for committing adultry. The people, then, started to rebuke him and said, “shush, shush.” Then he Prophet (Peace be upon him) asked him, “Do you like it for your mother?” “No may Allah make me a sacrifice for you,” the man replied. “So are people,” the Prophet (Peace be upon him), commented. The Prophet (Peace be upon him), asked again, “Do you like it for your daughter?” “No may Allah make me a sacrifice for you,” the man replied. “So are people,” the Prophet (Peace be upon him), commented. The Prophet (Peace be upon him), asked once more, “Do you like it for your sister?” The man replied “No may Allah make me a sacrifice for you.” The Prophet (Peace be upon him), commented, “So are people.” The Prophet (Peace be upon him), eventually asked, “Do you like it for your aunt?” The man replied, “No may Allah make me a sacrifice for you.” The Prophet (Peace be upon him), commented, “So are people.” Whereupon the Prophet (Peace be upon him), placed his (blessed) hand upon him and said, “O Allah! May you forgive his sins, purify his heart and make him chaste.” The young man did not pay attention to anything else thereafter.” [Ahmad and Al-Tabarani in Al-Kabir]
See how Prophet Muhammad (Peace be upon him) used dialogue not violence.
2. Modesty
Dear brothers and sister! When our life is based on teamwork system, we will be all in one boat (as one group). Thus, our success and failure will be collective. To accomplish such a target, we should not achieve our triumph by weakening our brothers, we should not strengthen ourselves by causing them deterioration nor should we collect our wealth by impoverishing them. When we work together as one team, we will all survive In Shaa Allah. Allah the Almighty says:
“The believers are nothing else than brothers (in Islamic religion).” [Surah Al-Hujurat, 10]
Whosoever considers himself superior to others is a racist. When a Bedouin entered upon the Prophet, may Allah have peace and blessings upon him, he asked, “Who is Muhammad?” This indicated that the Prophet (Peace be upon him) could not be distinguished among his Companions.
“The believers are nothing else than brothers (in Islamic religion).”
3. Justice
Dear brothers and sisters! Wallahi, justice is the pillar of ownership, of the successful state, of the successful nation, of the successful family and of the successful factory, where rules are applied to all its workers alike and of every institution.
The Prophet (Peace be upon him) said:
“The people before you were destroyed because they used to inflict the legal punishments on the poor and forgive the rich.” [Bukhari and Muslim]
4. Cheerfulness
Sometimes we get bored, so it is preferable to cheer up ourselves from time to time. It was reported in the tradition:
“Amuse your hearts every other hour, because if the heart is fed up with something, it becomes blind [of it].”
You can enjoy yourself by telling nice jokes, kidding your family, smiling, laughing and going for a halal picnic even if it was humble, to a nearby area and by a bus. These things bring joy to family members. Actually, cheering up your heart and soul moderately makes your souls tranquil. Spreading kind words has the same effect, and remember that a good word is Sadaqah.
5. Forgiveness
About spreading forgiveness Allah the Most High says:
“Let them pardon and forgive.” [Surah An-Nur, 22]
And He the Almighty says:
“But forgive them, and overlook (their misdeeds). Verily, Allah loves Al-Muhsinun (good-doers).” [Surah Al-Ma’idah, 13]
And He says:
“So turn away from them (O Muhammad), and say: Salam (peace)! But they will come to know.” [Surah Az-Zukhruf, 89]
Abu Hurairah narrated, the Prophet (Peace be upon him) said:
“The strong man is not the one who can overpower others. Rather, the strong man is the one who controls himself when he gets angry.” [Bukhari and Muslim]
Dear brothers and sisters! When you go to sleep, why do not you supplicate and ask Allah for the best for your fellow believers and Muslims (male or female) with no exception? Why don’t you make Du’a exclusively for those who oppressed and insulted you? Why don’t you follow the example of the Prophet (Peace be upon him)? He was seriously beaten yet he said:
“O Allah, forgive my people, for they do not know.”
Our master Abu Bakr, may Allah be pleased with him, felt deeply hurt and he was taken by his human nature when a person, to whom he used to give charity, insulted his daughter (Aisha, may Allah be pleased with her) in Hadith Al-Ifk, so he decided to stop giving him charity. As a result, Almighty Allah blamed him saying:
“And let not those among you who are blessed with graces and wealth swear not to give (any sort of help) to their kinsmen, Al-Masakin (the poor), and those who left their homes for Allah’s Cause. Let them pardon and forgive. Do you not love that Allah should forgive you???” [Surah An-Nur, 22]
Abu Bakr As-Siddiq burst in tears upon listening to this Qur’anic verse and said:
“Sure, I love that Allah forgives me.” 
So he resumed giving charity to that man although he was mistreated by him.
The Prophet, may Allah have peace and blessings upon him, said:
“There was a merchant who would lend money to people. Whenever he saw a poor person who could not pay, he would tell his workers, ‘Write off his debt that Allah may forgive us.’ So Allah forgave him.” [Bukhari and Muslim]
* Lenience is part of the religion
Dear brothers and sisters! Allah the Almighty says:
“The believers are nothing else than brothers (in Islamic religion).” [Surah Al-Hujurat, 10]
My beloved people! Till when shall we keep paying lip services about the religion and refrain from adapting its way and method?
Most of us, as Muslims, are too far from the Prophetic conducts and those of the esteemed Companions. Is not it time to teach our children how to respect others and consider their rights? Is not it time to teach our children how to be keepers of the public interests? Is not it time to teach our children how to abide by the common sense, and how to say those words that are the best as Allah recommends us in the following Qur’anic verse:
“And say to My slaves (i.e. the true believers of Islamic Monotheism) that they should (only) say those words that are the best.” [Surah Al-Isra’, 53]
“That are the best” means that there could be thousand of kind words, but you should choose the best of them. Allah the Most High says:
“Invite (mankind, O Muhammad) to the Way of your Lord (i.e. Islam) with wisdom (i.e. with the Divine Inspiration and the Qur’an) and fair preaching.” [Surah An-Nahl, 125]
There is a big difference between inviting people to the way of Allah with wisdom and arguing with them; when you argue with people, you are challenging them. For some people, the ideas they are convinced by are linked to their dignity. Thus, if you want to win the argument, you should argue with people in a way that is better. Allah the Almighty says:
“Say (O Muhammad to these polytheists, pagans, etc.) “Who gives you provision from the heavens and the earth?” Say: “Allah, And verily, (either) we or you are rightly guided or in a plain error.”?” [Surah Saba’, 24]
These are the manners which are indicated in the Noble Qur’an, and which are required to be adapted by dialogists.
The Prophet (Peace be upon him) said:
“A believer will attain by his good behaviour the rank of one who prays during the night and observes fasting during the day.” [Abu Dawud, By Aishah]
A man with good conducts will attain the rank of the one who prays during the night and observes fasting during the day.
O Allah, indeed we are Your slaves, and the children of Your slaves, and the children of Your female slaves, our forelocks is in Your Hand, Your command over us is forever executed and Your decree over us is just. We ask of You with all Your names, which belong to You, which You have named Yourself with, or which You have taught someone from Your creation or revealed it in Your Book or that which You have taken unto Yourself with the knowledge of the unseen with You, that You make the Qur’an the life of our hearts and light of our breasts and keep away from us our sadnesses, and that our grief goes away.
Lastly, we pray that the forth coming 2019 elections in Nigeria brings about: peace for all, security for all, education for all, food for all, befitting employment for all, unepileptic power supply, world class health care centres and diversified booming economy…this is our dream!!!
Praise be to Allah, the Lord of the Worlds, the Ever-Living, Who does not die, and Peace and Blessings upon our Prophet Muhammad and upon all his family and Companions.
Your brother, Imam Murtadha Muhammad Gusau, writes from Okene, Kogi State, Nigeria. He can be reached via: gusaumurtada@gmail.com or +2348038289761.

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Saudi Arabia’s Banning Of Street Begging And The Position Of Begging In Islam, By Imam Murtada Gusau

In the name of Allah, the Most Merciful, the Grantor of Mercy
All praise is for Allah. We praise Him, we seek His aid and we ask for His forgiveness. We seek Allah’s refuge from the evils of ourselves and from our evil actions. Whosoever Allah guides, there is no one who can misguide him; and whosoever Allah misguides, there is no one who can guide him.
I testify that none has the right to be worshipped except Allah, alone, who has no partner; and I testify that Muhammad (Peace be upon him) is His slave and Messenger.
Dear brothers and sisters! Begging in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia and in our country, Nigeria has become a lucrative pastime and even the least entrepreneurial can rake in a monthly income of about $15,000 and N50,000 respectively.
Beggars can be seen all over oil-rich Saudi Arabia, especially during the holy month of Ramadan.
A recent study revealed that many beggars are either Umrah or Hajj visa over-stayers or undocumented workers who illegally cross into the Kingdom.
Begging is strictly banned in Saudi Arabia and other Gulf oil producers. A large number of beggars, mostly foreigners, have been arrested and deported by these countries.
It is forbidden to beg in any form and for whatever reasons. Violators will be arrested and legal action will be taken against them according to the law. The regulations state that if the beggar happens to be a citizen of the Kingdom and arrested for the first time, he will be handed over to the competent authorities for medical and psychological examination, checks on his marital status, and taking the necessary measures to remedy his case and handing him over to his family if he is a minor. If the beggar is a foreigner, he will be arrested immediately and will undergo investigation in order to take necessary measures to deport him from the Kingdom.
Dear brothers and sisters! The Religion of Islam puts great emphasis on making effort and earning one’s own living rather than going out to ask others for it for no reason. It also devises a well balanced Muslim society for all where everyone gets its due share. Those who are rich are directed to help out others in need through an obligatory action of Zakah (Charity). Allah the Almighty says in the Noble Qur’an:
“And from their properties was [given] the right of the [needy] petitioner and the deprived.”
The above mentioned Qur’anic verse tells us about the great standing of believers who have enough wealth in the worldly life and those who take care of the disadvantaged people through it. The Prophet Muhammad (Peace be upon him) has described the condition of actual poor people in the following words.
Narrated Abu Hurairah (RA) that:
“The poor person is not the one who goes round the people (begging them) and is dismissed with one or two morsels, and one or two dates. The poor is that who has not enough (money) to satisfy his needs; his condition is not known to others that they may give him something in charity, nor does he beg of people.” [Bukhari and Muslim]
This Saying of Prophet Muhammad (Peace be upon him) clearly explains the true state of a poor person. The concept of poverty in the Religion of Islam depends upon the fact that how much less one owns in order to suit its daily life necessities. A deprived individual is the one who does not make his current situation of scarcity public in front of others and avoids pleading for fulfillment of his requirement from others.
Respected brothers and sisters! In order to further elaborate this delicate matter of begging in Islam, let us explain it further in the light of Qur’an and Sunnah:
* Self-Contentment Defying the Act of Imploring
Among many signs of a true believer is that he never complains in front of the Almighty Lord, he remains thankful to Him and always maintains a state of self-satisfaction with whatever he has got. This is because a rightful disciple of Islam knows about the temporariness of life on earth which leads to its contentment with everything Allah has bestowed upon it throughout its existence. The Gracious Allah says in His Sacred Scripture:
“[Charity is] for the poor who have been restricted for the cause of Allah, unable to move about in the land. An ignorant [person] would think them self-sufficient because of their restraint, but you will know them by their [characteristic] sign. They do not ask people persistently [or at all]. And whatever you spend of good – indeed, Allah is Knowing of it.” [Qur’an, 2: 273]
One can obviously observe from the previously stated Qur’anic lines in which the Creator of the universe appreciates those of His servants who do not go out and ask others for their needs because of their self-restraint and being gratified with all they have. For these kinds of people, Allah the Most High has instructed the prosperous ones to help them with Zakah as they will conceal their misery through patience but they are the ones who actually in need of Charity.
* Accepting Goods Given As A Gift
It is clear from the earlier discussion that the believers do not publicly announce about their position of despair in front of others so that they could get aided; instead they keep it between them and their Creator. But it is also not advisable to refuse any offer from someone else who gives it as a present to them. The Messenger of Allah (Peace be upon him) once advised His Rightful Companion, Khalifah Umar (RA) on this matter as discussed in the Hadith below:
“The Messenger of Allah (Peace be upon him) gave Umar Ibn Al-Khattab some gift. Umar said to him: ‘Messenger of Allah! Give it to one who needs it more than I.’ Upon this the Messenger of Allah (Peace be upon him) said: He who begs the riches of others to increase his own is asking only for live coals (fire), so let him ask a little or much ‘‘Take it; either keep it with you or give it as a charity, and whatever comes to you in the form of this type of wealth, without your being avaricious or begging for it, accept it, but in other circumstances do not let your heart hanker after it.’’ [Muslim]
Thus, the Messenger of Allah (Peace be upon him) permitted with the approval of the Almighty Lord to accept anything beneficial that is being given voluntarily without one having to ask for it. One is also not allowed to crave for something that is not being awarded to it as it will be considered as an act of begging under normal circumstances.
* Correct Way of Treating Beggars
Islam has strictly forbidden from asking others for money or any other riches rather one has to earn its income by its own effort. According to a Prophetic Saying narrated by Abu Hurairah (RA):
“It is better for one among you to bring a load of firewood on his back and give charity out of it (and satisfy his own need) and be independent of people, than that he should beg from people, whether they give him anything or refuse him. Verily the upper hand is better than the lower hand, and begin (charity) with your dependants.” [Muslim]
Therefore, anyone who has enough capacity that he can take care of his own issues should never ask others for affluence rather he should go out, become self-determining and make a living on his own so that he might even be able to aid others. In the end, the Messenger of Allah (Peace be upon him) has regarded the charitable person being superior to the one that is being contributed. It means one should continue the good work of making donations to the poor for the sake of pleasing the Almighty Lord. Allah the Most High says in the Noble Qur’an:
“So as for the orphan, do not oppress [him]. And as for the petitioner, do not repel [him].” [Qur’an, 93: 9-10]
It shows that a believer is not allowed to keep away someone just because that person is asking for a favour. This is because one does not actually know about the actual reason of the beggar behind his request. Thus, one should treat them in a pleasant manner, give them charity and avoid from offending them.
* Permissibility Of Begging Under Special Conditions
Asking for material goods from the rich is not allowable if this act is being done just for the sake of accumulating wealth for personal gains. This kind of deed is strictly prohibited by the Noble Prophet Muhammad (Peace be upon him) for it is only a source of collecting money for quenching one’s thirst of greed.
“He who begs the riches of others to increase his own is asking only for live coals (fire), so let him ask a little or much.” [Muslim]
The above mentioned Hadith eloquently explains about the serious consequences of asking for one’s self-indulgence in materialistic increase. But not every person is asking for something deliberately without having much reason behind doing so. The Messenger of Allah (Peace be upon him) has prescribed the act of requesting other’s help under three particular circumstances which are described in the following Hadith:
One who has undertaken a Hamalah (pledged money for reconciliation between two persons), for him begging is permissible till he pays that off, after which he must stop it; A man whose property has been destroyed by a calamity which has smitten him, for him begging is permissible till he gets what will support his life; And a person who has been smitten by poverty the genuineness of which is confirmed by three intelligent members of his people. For him begging is permissible till he gets what will support him.
From Qabisah Ibn Mukhariq al-Hilali (May Allah be pleased with him) who said: It was narrated that Qabisah Ibn Mukhariq al-Hilali said: I incurred a debt (in order to reconcile between two parties) and I came to the Messenger of Allah (Peace be upon him) to ask him (for help) with it. He said: “Stay with us until the Zakah comes, and we will order that something be given to you.” Then he said: “O Qabisah, asking for help (begging) is not permissible except in one of three cases: a man who has incurred a debt (in order to reconcile between two parties), for whom it is permissible to ask for help until he has paid it off, then he should refrain; a man who has been stricken by a calamity that has destroyed all his wealth, for whom it is permissible to ask for help until he gets enough to get by – or he gets enough to meet his basic needs; and a man who is stricken by poverty and three men of wisdom among his people acknowledge that so and so has been stricken by poverty, then it becomes permissible for him to ask for help until he gets enough to get by – or to meet his basic needs. Apart from these cases asking for help, O Qabisah, is haram and the one who begs is consuming something haram.” [Narrated by Ahmad, Muslim, an-Nasa’i and Abu Dawud]
Thus, there are three conditions under which the act of asking others is permissible beyond which it is forbidden: having promised a portion of money for the sake of settlement between two parties till it has been paid off; a miserable state of a person because he has lost all his capital and assets due to a natural disaster till he can sustain his life; and a person who’s dearth of wealth has been confirmed by three trust worthy individuals till that someone is able to make his situation better. It shows that Islam is not a rigid religion on the matter of asking others rather it gives enough room for it when there is no other way of survival.
In short, begging is not a desirable action according to the Religion of Islam, but only allowed in severe form of need. The rich also have the responsibility to search for such deprived people in the society to help them through charity in order to relieve them from their misery.
Praise be to Allah, the Ever-Living, Who does not die, and Peace and Blessings upon our Prophet Muhammad and upon all his family and Companions.
Written by your Brother:
Imam Murtada Muhammad Gusau, from Okene, Kogi State, Nigeria. He can be reached through: gusaumurtada@gmail.com or +2348038289761.
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Whoever Is Killed Defending His Country/Land Is A Martyr, By Imam Murtada Gusau

In The Name Of Allah, The Most Gracious The Most Merciful
All praise and thanks are due to Allah, and peace and blessings be upon His Messenger (Peace be upon him).
Dear Brothers and Sisters! In Islam, martyrdom is one of the great ambitions of a true believer. This is because dying as a martyr entails abundant rewards designated for such persons in the Hereafter. Abdullah Ibn Umar (May Allah be pleased with him) quoted the Prophet (Peace be upon him) as saying:
“Martyrs are forgiven their sins, except debts.”
The phrase “except debts” also relates implicitly to usurpation of people’s rights, unjustified killing, and so on.
It suffices here to quote the Divine Promise for martyrs as stated in the following Qur’anic verses:
“Think not of those, who are slain in the way of Allah, as dead. Nay, they are living. With their Lord they have provision. Jubilant (are they) because of that which Allah hath bestowed upon them of His bounty, rejoicing for the sake of those who have not joined them but are left behind; that there shall no fear come upon them neither shall they grieve. They rejoice because of favour from Allah and kindness, and that Allah wasteth not the wage of the believers.” [Al-Imran 3: 169-71]
There are basically two broad categories of martyrs (Shuhadah) in Islam, firstly, those who have died fighting for the cause of Allah (i.e., in legitimate jihad or legitimate war), and secondly, those who have died being succumbed to certain types of ailments or calamities, not of their own making. The second group, although not recognised and treated as martyrs in this world, will receive rewards of martyrs in the Hereafter. As for a list of people of this category, we find a number of traditions – although not contradictory – such as the following:
1. In a report jointly reported by Imams Al-Bukhari and Muslim, the Prophet (Peace be upon him) mentioned five types of martyrs:
“One who dies in a plague, one who dies of intestinal ailments, one who dies of drowning, one who dies under a collapsed building, and one who dies as a martyr in jihad (or any legitimate war).”
2. Imams Ahmad, Abu Dawud, An-Nasa’i, and others stated that the Prophet (Peace be upon him) said:
“There are seven martyrs.”
Having said this, he added the following to the list mentioned above:
“…one who dies in a fire” and “…a woman who dies during child-birth.”
3. A third report states that the Prophet (Peace be upon him) said:
“Whoever dies while defending his own possessions is a martyr; whoever dies defending his own person is a martyr; whoever dies guarding his own faith is a martyr; whoever dies fighting in order to defend his own family is a martyr; whoever dies defending his homeland is also a martyr.”
4. In a report by an-Nasa’i, the Prophet (Peace be upon him) said:
“Whoever fights to protect his rights and dies in the process is a martyr.”
Imam Ibn Hajar states that:
“We can conclude from these traditions (Hadiths) that martyrs are of two types: Those who are recognised as martyrs in this world, and those who are recognised as martyrs only in the Hereafter. A martyr recognised in this world is one who has died fighting in the cause of Allah without having retreated from the battle. But those who are recognised only in the Hereafter are those upon whom the laws of martyrdom are not applicable in this world, although they merit rewards of martyrdom.”
And according to Imam an-Nawawi:
“The second category of martyrs will receive rewards of martyrdom, and yet unlike the martyrs of jihad, they will be bathed (before burial) and prayed over.”
From the above discussion, however, one is advised not to jump to the conclusion that everyone who dies in similar circumstances as mentioned above will automatically merit rewards of martyrdom. Such an inference is not valid, since Allah’s acceptance of a person ultimately depends on his or her state of faith, Iman or sincerity as well as upon the way he or she has responded to the will of Allah at the time of death. The Prophet (Peace be upon him) said:
“A person is raised up in the Hereafter in the state he has passed away.”
Respected Brothers and Sisters! I urge myself first and all of you to obey Allah, fear Him and be submissive to Him. Verily, Allah, Exalted is He, has declared the truth in His Noble Book. He said:
“O you who have believe, persevere and endure and remain stationed and fear Allah that you may be successful.” [Ali-Imran, 200]
Dear Brothers and Sisters! Our country, our nation is our cradle where we lives, acquaints ourselves with its elements and enjoys its vicinity. As such anyone who has loves his country all throughout his life must be sincere in building it and protecting it. In this sense, founding nations and civilisations is more than a mission; rather it is a covenant that only people in whom Allah invests honesty can fulfill. That is why people take to defend their country naturally and willingly. Some would sacrifice their life and this is the utmost form of generosity. Some would sacrifice their time, their knowledge, their children or their wealth, while others would do all of these and even more.
In Surah An-Naml (The Ants), the Noble Quran tells the story of a group of people who proposed to their Queen to defend their land, capitalising on their might and strong will. Allah the Almighty said:
“They said, ‘we are men of strength and of great military might, but the command is yours, so see what you will command’.” [An-Naml, 33]
Some scholars explained that the speakers in this verse were ready to defend their kingdom, their land and their nation by hinting at using wisdom, knowledge and force. Yet while taking this stance, they let this matter to the Queen (their leader) with full belief in her prudent opinion. In so doing, they were all set to follow her orders.
As an outcome, she led them to safety, thanks to her wisdom and good sense of judgment. This incident highlights the value of obedience, making it a beneficial lesson, especially for the young ones who are the safety valve for any nation.
Dear Brothers and Sisters! Know that safeguarding our country from the evil of terrorists is an honour like no other. Its unique status was stressed by the Prophet Muhammad (Peace be upon him) when he said:
“Shall I tell you about a night better than Lailatul Qadr (The Night of Decree), [It is when] a guard, a soldier, an army who is on watch in a fearful place and who are perhaps may not return to his family.”
So congratulations to our gallant soldiers who are away from their families, our gallant troops, staying up all night so that we can sleep (peacefully). They died such that we live. They battle the cold so that their people and nation remain stable and secure. Because of their sacrifice they earn a higher rank. May their souls rest in perfect peace, ameen.
On the narration of Ata Bin Al-Munzir that Umar Bin Al-Khattab (May Allah be pleased with him), told his Companions:
“Who amongst people shall have greater reward?” They said those who fast and pray, mentioning so and so. Thereupon, he said: “Shall I inform you about the most rewarded of all those you mentioned?” They said: “Yes please.” He said: “A man reins his horse and guards people, not knowing if there is a predator around to prey on him, a venomous snake to bite him, or an enemy to assault or attack him. This is a greater recompense than those you mentioned.”
Moreover, it is mentioned in a Prophetic Hadith that the watchful eye on people’s rights, one that guards the borders of the nation and obeys Allah will, by His grace, not be touched by the Hellfire.
Ibn Abbas narrated that he heard the Messenger of Allah (Peace be upon him) saying:
“There are two eyes that shall not be touched by the Hellfire: an eye that wept from the fear of Allah, and an eye that spent the night standing on guard in the cause of Allah.”
Knowing this, anyone, who desires the great reward, should be content with what Allah has prepared for him while he defends his nation, whether in land, sea or sky. It was narrated by Sahl Bin Sa’ad (May Allah be pleased with him) that Allah’s Messenger (Peace be upon him) said:
“Guarding the frontier (Ribat) for a day in the cause of Allah is better than the world and all what is in it.”
In the same regard, Abdullah Bin Amr (May Allah be pleased with him) said:
“I would rather love to stay up all nights guarding and be afraid in the way of Allah, the most Exalted, than giving one hundred camels as charity.”
Dear Brothers and Sisters! For the cause of defending the nation one can sacrifice his life, give money or make achievements. An example of this Noble mission was taken by a group of people who were praised in the Quran when they offered their wealth to protect their land from temptations and threats. The Quranic verse read as follows:
“They said, ‘O Zul-Qarnain, indeed Yajuj (Gog) and Majuj (Magog) are [great] corrupters in the land. So may we assign for you expenditure that you might make between us and them a barrier?” [Al-Kahf, 94]
Ibn Abbas (May Allah be pleased with him), said:
“The expenditure refers here to, the money which people wanted to collect amongst themselves and give it out to Zul-Qarnain in return for erecting a barrier to keep their enemies away and under control.”
Also, protecting the land can be achieved by serving it across all of its institutions and by being dedicated to performing work as it ought to be done. Thus one has to be sincere about discharging his responsibilities, and should work on protecting the reputation of his nation. Failing to do so is failing to defend the nation and this is against what our beloved Prophet (Peace be upon him) said:
“Every one of you is a guardian and responsible for what is in his custody.”
My beloved soldiers! Wallahi protecting the nation is a responsibility that requires commitments, including praying for the nation and the leaders. On this matter a respected scholar from our pious predecessors (Salaf) said:
“If I have an (confirmed) accepted supplication I will pray it for the leader.”
Let us then pray to our Lord to confer upon our great country, Nigeria, goodness and prosperity as well as continuing safety and security. Doing this is one of the signs of loyalty and sincere sense of belonging. It also reflects the Prophets traditions and manners. The Prophet Ibrahim (AS), for example, prayed for his land saying:
“My Lord, make this city (Makkah) secure.” [Ibrahim, 35]
Also Prophet Muhammad (Peace be upon him) on his part, supplicated for his land as he said:
“O Allah, bless us in our mudd; O Allah, bless us in our Saa’; O Allah, bless with this blessing two more blessings.”
With this in mind, you are urged to pray for your nation and supplicate to Allah to protect it and bless it with His generous favours.
May Allah bless our country with continued bounties and keep it safe from all sorts of evil.
Dear Brothers and Sisters! Be aware that you are asked to obey Him, the Almighty, as it ought to be, by observing Him in private and in public and know that it falls on us to contribute effectively in educating our children on the love of their nation. It is our responsibility to prepare them during the peacetime to be the builders of their country’s civilisation and glories and in need stand as the shield of protection. This is because they are the renewable source of energy from which the country draws its strength and resistance. In this regard, Umar Bin Al-Khattab, (May Allah be pleased with him) said:
“Teach your children swimming, archery (Shooting) and horse-riding.”
Let us all salute and pray for the defenders of our nation; our armed forces, our gallant troops, who ensure safety and security so that everyone can enjoy a stable and serene life. No wonder then if they are referred to as the wealth of this nation, its impervious fort, a symbol of its union, a source of its pride and pillar of its security. In fact without their role we could not have reached such a progress and steady prosperity at all levels. We truly appreciate their unyielding efforts in protecting the nation and its gains, for whose cause they offer their lives.
My respected people! Islam is a religion of forgiveness and leniency. It appeals to people, and let them accept it. Thus it comes to emphasise good morals, lay the foundations of moderation, safeguard human rights, and establish such finest cultural values of unity, coexistence, tolerance and solidarity. Then there has emerged the eternal message of mercy and peace for all mankind. Allah the Most High said:
“And We have not sent you, [O Muhammad], except as a Mercy to the world.” [Al-Anbiya, 107]
In the same regard, our beloved Prophet Muhammad (Peace be upon him) said:
“Actually, I was awarded mercy (by Allah).”
This authentic principle is being thoroughly stressed in Islam as he (Peace be upon him) said:
“He who shows no mercy to the people, Allah, the Exalted and Glorious, does not show mercy on him.”
He (Peace be upon him) also said:
“Mercy is taken away only from him who is miserable.”
Mercy in Islam is a virtue that encompasses also other creatures besides humans. Ibn Mas’ud reported that:
“We were with the Messenger of Allah (Peace be upon him) during a journey. He went to ease himself. We saw a bird with her two young ones and we captured her young ones. The bird came and began to spread its wings. The Messenger of Allah (Peace be upon him) came and said: ‘who grieved this for its young ones? Return its young ones to it.”
If the Prophet (Peace be upon him) prohibited us to cause suffering and hardship to a bird by taking its little chicks, so what would be the case with someone who inflicts grievance on another by taking the life of his father, son, brother or relative?
We have to bear in mind that when we, Muslims, state that Islam is a religion of peace and mercy, we are not trying to prove something unreasonable or solve a crossword puzzle. Rather, we are just stating a fact backed by clear-cut evidence and unquestionable proofs. Even we don’t need to state this fact, for Islam, in itself, is self-explanatory, in terms of its meaning, its noble teachings and the core of its message conveyed by the Prophets Allah sent to mankind. At the same time, all peoples believe that peace and security should be attained through justice and equity.
Our merciful Prophet Muhammad (Peace be upon him) stood for funeral processions of non-Muslims to show his respect for humanity. He condemned the killing of civilians, even in the time of war. He refused to punish non-Muslims without enough evidence. He did not rule unjustly against a Jew in favour of a Muslim. He visited the sick among non-Muslims. He and his Companions gave and accepted gifts from non-Muslims. He ordered his followers to maintain the ties of kinship with non-Muslim relatives. He forgave the Jewish woman who poisoned him. He pardoned the Bedouin who wanted to kill him. He forgave the Quraish after the conquest of Makkah. He forgave the harsh treatment by the people of Ta’if. He forgave and prayed for Suraqa Bin Malik. He shows tolerance for a Jewish Rabbi. He is praying for his enemies even in the time of a battle. The concessions during the treaty of hudaibiyyah. He and the Jews of Madinah had a Constitution (Sahifah) for peaceful coexistence and mutual respect of rights between Muslims and Jews. He joined and endorsed a civil society organisation (Hilf al-Fudul). He would swallow his anger when provoked. He overlooked the shortcomings of others. He forgave treason. He prayed over the body of the leader of hypocrites, Abdullah Bin Ubay Bin Salul. His religion (Islam) permits some interfaith marriages. His love for his kind polytheist (Mushrik) uncle, Abu Talib. He received and allowed non-Muslims in his Mosque in Madinah. He received a loan from a Jew and gave his shield as collateral. He trusted a non-Muslim with his life.
With all these, it is heartbreaking to see the tolerant teachings of Islam and the Prophetic tradition being violated out of proportion. This has been undertaken by sinful groups taking to extremist views, insurgency, militancy and terrorism, and tarnishing the image of our tolerant religion. In total disregard of religious dictates and in cruelest manner, they unleash havoc, shedding blood and breaching sanctities. Disgracefully, they speak in the name of Islam and attribute their heinous crimes to it.
Nay they have utterly distorted Islam and its humanitarian ideals because they endorse an alien ideology that is contradictory to it. Truly, their radical attitude has killed their pure human nature and perceptions, rendering them insensible to morality and humanity. Can anybody then say that such crimes have anything to do with Islam? The answer to this question is capital NO!
Along this dark, unjust and deadly road, have walked those people who are penetrating unspeakable massacres; they kill others in cold blood and disfigure them. They have been tearing down buildings, spilling blood, violating integrities, assaulting and abducting women without respect to any of Islam’s commands, nor to any of human’s values or principles. Here again arises a question: where are they from those religious texts that condemn the crimes they do?
Where are they from the incident involving Usama Bin Zaid who raised his sword when he (the soldier of the polytheists) uttered: “there is no deity but Allah.” But he (Usama Bin Zaid) killed him. The Messenger of Allah (Peace be upon him) called for him and asked him why he had killed him. He (Usama Bin Zaid) said: “O Messenger of Allah, he struck the Muslims and killed such and such of them. And he even named some of them. I attacked him and when he saw the sword he said, ‘there is no deity but Allah’.” The Messenger of Allah (Peace be upon him) said: “did you kill him?” he (Usama Bin Zaid) replied in affirmative. He (the Noble Prophet) remarked: “what would you do with his: ‘there is no deity but Allah,’ when he would come (before you) on the Day of Judgment?” He (Usama Bin Zaid) said, “O Messenger of Allah, beg pardon for me (from your Lord).” He (the Noble Prophet) said, “what would you do with: ‘there is no deity but Allah’ when he would come before you on the Day of Judgment? He (the Noble Prophet) added nothing to it but kept saying, ‘what would you do with: ‘there is no deity but Allah’ when he would come (before you) on the Day of Judgment? “The Prophet (Peace be upon him) kept on repeating that so often that I wished I had not embraced Islam before that day,” Usama Bin Zaid said.”
Where are they from the Hadith of the Prophet of mercy (Peace be upon him) saying that:
“A faithful believer remains at liberty regarding his religion unless he kills somebody unlawfully.”
Where are they from the severe warning contained in the words of the Prophet (Peace be upon him) that:
“For this world to be destroyed, that would be less significant before Allah than the unlawful killing of a believer or any other innocent person?”
Again where are they from the stern warning in the words of the Prophet (Peace be upon him) that:
“If the inhabitants of the heavens and the inhabitants of the earth all took part in shedding blood of a believer or any other innocent person, then Allah would cast them (all) in the Hellfire?”
How on earth can they ignore the Prophet’s instruction that:
“Whoever rebels against my Ummah, killing good and evil people alike, and does not try to avoid killing the believers, and does not pay attention to those who are under a covenant (non-Muslim), then he has nothing to do with me and I have nothing to do with him.”
So how will those people meet the Prophet (Peace be upon him) on the Day of Judgment while they did not respect the sanctity of his Ummah, and ignored his warnings, commands and orders?
As you can see, these verses and Hadiths denounce categorically all forms of extremism and terrorism, and stress the fact that it is against our tolerant religion and call for fighting it by all means.
Fellow Nigerians! Since militant ideology has reached this dark alarming level with their advocators having fallen deep in the abyss of impurity, losing sense of conscience and failing to listen to the voice of wisdom and comply with good guidance, then a firm and effective action must be taken. This is required in order to preserve the religion and the nation from such an alien system of thought and protect people from the evil posed by those extremists and their gruesome acts. For these reasons and others, addressing the harm caused by those terrorists by all possible means is legal and legitimate demand. May Allah save our nations from those corrupters and purify it from the extremists.
Fellow Nigerians! Please obey Allah as it ought to be by observing Him in private and in public and be aware that as the image of our religion and nation is being stained by those terrorist group’s actions, of ambushing and killing our gallant soldiers, killing innocent people, violating sanctities and taking other’s property, it is our duty to show to the world that this is contrary to the teachings of Islam and also contrary to our cultures. It is our duty to warn against any misleading Fatwa (verdicts or rules) that defends those corrupt groups or be deceived by it.
The responsibility rests as well with parents who need to protect their children from any intruding ideology and dangerous creed by educating them, following the true Islamic principles. The youth, boys and girls, for their part, must adhere to the guidance of genuine Islam and to beware of radical ideas and of those who spread them, especially through electronic social network media. They also must stand alert not to let themselves be lured to slogans and allegations disseminated by terrorist organisations and groups, which claim falsely glamorous slogans.
My Respected people! Terrorists launched attacks on our gallant troops, our gallant soldiers, the defenders of our nation, who surrendered their life, abandoned their family, so that we sleep peacefully and killed many of them. The attacks occurred in Borno State. We must strongly condemn these attacks and pray for our soldiers.
The terrorists have no respect for human life. They are very bad, disgust, unpleasant, despicable, cruel, vicious, sinful, atrocious, inhuman and barbaric people.
My sincere condolence goes out to the victims of all these terror attacks, where innocent people have been killed by these wicked people, murderers and blood suckers.
I am profoundly saddened by the loss of life and indiscriminate murder of our gallant soldiers and all innocent people. This criminal barbarity is Godlessness. Terrorism has no faith and cannot be condoned by any means, rationale or ideology. We must commit to each other to defeat it. Godless cowards attack unarmed, randomly selected, innocent people. Terrorists are sinful, immoral and barbaric criminals.
It is displeasing to hear the media call the like of ISIS, ISWAP, Al-Shabab, Al-Qa’idah, Taliban, Boko Haram, Ansaru etc, Islamic Jihadists. Neither are their actions from the Sunnah nor Islamically considered Jihad.
My thoughts and prayers are with the innocent victims and their families.
I ask Allah, the Lord of the worlds, to bring justice to these horrific situations, to recompense those who committed these murders with what they deserve, to bring those still at large to justice, and to rid the earth of these evil, treacherous, murderous lunatics, who do nothing but bring harm and corruption to the world.
O Allah, be with our brave soldiers as they fight against terror. Match forward o defenders of our nation, we are proudly behind you. Do not be weakened or scared, be courageous like a lion, be strong and stand for what is right, no matter how the challenges. Do not be scared. Be courageous and watch Nigeria begin the revival process, watch Nigeria rescued, and watch Nigeria being restored. We shall not be cowed; our sense of humanity shall trump, outrank and defeat their terror by the Grace of the Almighty Allah.
My heart, thoughts and prayers goes to the entire people of Nigeria, and to our gallant troops, and all the victims of terror and the victims of injustice any where they are. Be assured that terror will be defeated; terrorism will not win In shaa Allah!
It is a very sad story coming again from Metele, Borno State, home to the Nigerian Army 157 Task Force Battalion.
At least 118 soldiers were killed and 153 missing in the Sunday attack on 157 Task Force Battalion in Metele, Borno State Nigeria, according to the most-recent finding by the Premium Times online Newspaper.
 My heart bleeds for the parents of these soldiers. This is the height of irresponsibility on the military command and a shame on the Nigerian government. There is no word suitable to describe this. Playing foolish politics and spreading propaganda with peoples lives, only because their children are not in the combat zone?
Wallahi, in a descent society the minister of defense and all the military commands should have resigned and be made to account for the billions given to them to purchase arms. Any sane human being will shed tears for this horrendous act. May Allah (SWT) save Nigeria.
American servicemen served their country with honour, but it seems there is no honour serving this country. Leadership in this country is about lies, deceit, injustice materialism and opportunity. Service is not a thing of value in this country. The most unfortunate ones are toys in the hands of the oppressive few individuals. May Allah bring sane leadership with compassion to this country.
All their eyes are in 2019 elections. Let’s face these terrorists sincerely. Let’s give our soldiers the proper weapons to face the enemies. We all know that terrorism, insurgency and revolutions are not child’s play, they are governed by strong ideological beliefs. We are all students of military history, we should draw lessons from chairman Mao Tsetung, Fidel castro, Che Guevara, Samora machel and of recent cases Robert Mugabe and Nelson Mandela. What surprises me is that we train military officers in the Nigeria Defence Academy (NDA), and some in Sandhurst Military Academy, but yet they stick to static warfare, which is obsolete. Warfare today is about mobility and psychology not determined in trenches, this is the advantage Boko Haram has on the Nigerian  military. While they attack our weak points in trenches and run we remain put waiting as sitting ducks. You don’t use T55 tanks in mobile warfare, where a group of determined insurgents can surprise a superior force in static position, it is just unfortunate.
I continue to wonder what our officers are taught in the NDA. It is my belief, frontal attacks, withdrawal, flanking attacks, night attacks and tank warfare, these are obsolete in today’s scenario we are dealing with mobile warfare hit and run tactics. You can only get this experience when you have very strong ideological beliefs and determined individuals. When officers are used to comfort of mess life, drinking and partying with ladies they don’t become good materials for sustained mobile warfare, we have to critically reexamine the training at the Nigeria Defence Academy (NDA). Wallahul Musta’an!
Dear Brothers and Sisters! Bear in mind that you are asked to offer prayer and a greeting upon our most Noble Prophet Muhammad (Peace be upon him), for Allah says:
“Indeed, Allah and His angels sends blessing upon the Prophet. O you who have believed, ask [Allah to confer] blessing upon him and ask [Allah to grant him] peace.” [Al-Ahzab, 56]
On the same matter, the Prophet (Peace be upon him) said:
“For everyone who invokes a blessing on me will receive ten blessings from Allah.”
He also said:
“Nothing turns back the Decree except supplication.”
May the peace and blessings of Allah be upon our Master, Muhammad (Peace be upon him), his family, and all his Companions. May Allah be pleased with the Rightly Guided Caliphs: Abu Bakr, Umar, Uthman and Ali and all those who will follow them in righteousness till the Day of Judgment.
May Allah grant success to our Armed Forces and add strength to their strength. May Allah reward them abundantly, for the work they are rendering to their nation.
O Allah, we implore You at this instant not to let a sin unforgiven, a distress unrelieved, an illness unhealed or a handicapped without relief, a dead without mercy or a debt unsettled. Our Lord, give us in this world that which is good and in the Hereafter that which is good, and save us from the torment of the Hellfire.
O Allah, help us to succeed in these blessed days in every work we do to please you, O Lord of the Worlds.
O Allah, may we ask You to help us with what get us closer to Paradise and furthers us from Hellfire.
O Allah, we seek Your grace to admit us, our parents, our leaders and whoever has done a favour to us and all Muslims to Your Paradise.
O Allah, forgive all the Muslims, men and women living and dead, and make blessings follow us and them.
We pray to Allah, the Most Gracious, to preserve and protect all Nigerians from all temptations, both apparent and hidden, and continue blessing our nation and all countries with safety and security.
O Allah, make this our gathering one of compassion, and our dispersion after it one that is infallible.
O Allah, do not let anyone amongst us deprived, desperate or unhappy. O Merciful One grants us Your Mercy.
O Servants of Allah! Remember Allah and He will remember you. Be grateful for His benevolence and He will increase His blessings to you. Allah, the Most High, says:
“And establish prayer. Indeed, prayer prohibits immorality and wrongdoings, and the remembrance of Allah is greater. And Allah knows that which you do.” [Al-Ankabut, 45]
All praise is due to Allah, Lord of the worlds. May the peace, blessings and salutations of Allah be upon our Noble Messenger, Muhammad, and upon his family, his Companions and his true and sincere followers.
Wassalamu Alaikum,
Written by your Brother, Imam Murtadha Muhammad Gusau, from Okene, Kogi State, Nigeria. He can be reached via: gusaumurtada@gmail.com or +2348038289761.
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The Shi’a And Its Followers, By Imam Murtada Gusau

In the Name Of Allah, The Most Gracious, The Most Merciful
All praise is due to Allah, Lord of all creation. May Allah extol the mention of the Prophet Muhammad in the highest company of Angels and may the peace and blessings of Allah be upon him, his family, his Companions and all those who follow him exactly till the Day of Judgement.
Dear Brothers and Sisters! Scholars of Usul Al-Fiqh (Principles of Islamic Jurisprudence) stated the following rule:
“One cannot pass a judgment on something unless one has a clear conception of it.”
Based on this rule, it is meaningless to pass a judgment on Shi’as unless you have good knowledge about them. It is also meaningless to express one’s opinion on reconciling the views of Sunnis and Shiites without recognising the nature of both groups. Likewise, it is of no real sense to accept or reject talking about Shi’a without knowing the reality of the issue, to what extent it is dangerous, its rank as to our priorities and its relation to the multiple variables the Ummah is facing.
In short, before we proceed to criticise the opponents or the proponents of Shi’a, we should first understand who Shi’as are, what their origins are, what their theological and Fiqhi (Jurisprudential) backgrounds are, what their history is about, what their reality is an what their goals and ambitions are. Only after doing this, we can express our view foresightedly, especially when we know how many people changed their long-believed views and give up their ideas after they had been provided with sound information and clear vision.
Now the question is who are Shi’as?
The issue is not merely that of certain people living in a certain country who have some disputes with neighbouring countries. Rather, it is an issue of theological, historical and Fiqhi backgrounds that have to be referred to.
Many historians differ on the real beginning of Shi’a.
What is commonly believed by the masses is that Shi’as are those people who supported Ali Bin Abi Talib during the caliphate of Mu’awiyah Bin Abi Sufyan, (May Allah be pleased with them). Accordingly, this means that those who supported Ali Bin Abi Talib are Shi’a while those who supported Mu’awiyah are Sunnis. Such a notion has never been accepted by anyone. Moreover, Sunnis believe with regard to the dispute that arose between the two honourable Companions that Ali (May Allah be pleased with him) was on the right, while Mu’awiyah (May Allah be pleased with him) exercised Ijtihad (independent judgment) but did not reach the truth. Thus, Sunnis thought is clearly siding with Ali. Moreover, tenets, doctrines and ideologies held by Shi’a are entirely different from those held by Ali Bin Abi Talib absolutely. Therefore, it is incorrect to say that the rise of Shi’a was at that era.
Some historians say that the rise of Shi’a was after Al-Husain (May Allah be pleased with him) was martyred. This opinion sounds to be more logical. Actually, Al-Husain rebelled against the rule of Yazid Bin Mu’awiyah and, therefore, headed for Iraq after his followers there had promised to back him. However, they let him down at the critical time, which led to the martyrdom of Al-Husain at Karbala. The group of people who invited him and failed to support him regretted doing so and decided to expiate their sin through rebelling against the Umayyad state. They actually did so and a large number of them were killed and thus were called Shi’a. This might explain why we notice that Shi’a are more attached to Al-Husain Bin Ali than to Ali Bin Abi Talib (May Allah be pleased with him) himself. They also, as we can see, mark the anniversary of Al-Husain’s martyrdom while they do not mark that of Ali Bin Abi Talib.
However, this sect only rose as a political one opposing the rule of the Umayyad dynasty and backed any attempts to rebel against it. Until that time, they did not hold theological or jurisprudential principles different from those of Sunnis. We will even come to know that earlier leaders whom Shiites claim to be their earlier Shi’a Imams were only Sunni men adopting doctrines and principles of Sunnis.
The situation continued to be stable for months after the martyrdom of Al-Husain (May Allah be pleased with him). At this period lived Ali Zainul-Abidin Bin Al-Husain who was one of the most righteous personalities and great ascetic scholars. He has never been reported to have any beliefs or ideologies different from those held by Companions and later generations.
Ali Zainul-Abidin had two sons of a high level of piety and purity, namely, Muhammad Al-Baqir and Zaid, both of whom completely believed in beliefs held by Sunni scholars including Companions and Successors. However, Zaid Bin Ali (May Allah have mercy on him) differed in viewing that Ali Bin Abi Talib was worthier of assuming caliphate than Abu Bakr (May Allah be pleased with him). Although this opinion conflicts with the Ummah’s consensus (Ijma’) and contradicts many authentic Prophetic Hadith that explicitly held Abu Bakr Al-Siddik, Umar and Uthman in a higher rank than Ali (May Allah be pleased with him), this difference of opinion, however, does not relate to doctrinal issues. While he viewed that Ali was the best, he, however, admitted the high rank of the first three caliphs. He also believed in the permissibility of one less in rank assuming imamate despite the existence of those higher in rank. Accordingly, he did not deny the imamate of Abu Bakr, Umar and Uthman (May Allah be pleased with them). Apart from this view, he concurred with Sunnis in theology, principles and Fiqh.
Repeating the attempt of his grandfather Al-Husain Bin Ali (May Allah be pleased with them both), Zaid Bin Ali rebelled against the Umayyad caliph Hisham Bin Abdul-Malik, which ended up with his being killed in 122 A.H. His followers then founded a sect based on his ideas, known in history as Zaidiyyah, named after Zaid Bin Ali. Though considered to be a Shi’a-based sect, Zaidiyyah agrees with Sunnis in everything except in holding Ali in a higher position than the first three Caliphs. The followers of this sect are mainly in Yemen and they are the nearest Shi’a sects to Sunnis – even one can hardly distinguish them from Sunnis in most respects.
It is worth mentioning that a group of the followers of Zaid Bin Ali asked him about his opinion on Abu Bakr and Umar. In reply, he supplicated Allah to show mercy to both of them, but those who asked him refused to do the same and seceded from his sect. Therefore, they were known in the history as Rafidah (lit. dissenters) because they rejected the caliphate of Abu Bakr and Umar on one hand, and rejected Zaid’s opinion on the other. Subsequent generations of such a group founded a sect which was later known as Ithna-Ashriyyah (or Imamiyyah) to turn into Shi’a’s largest sect.
Muhammad Al-Baqir, Zaid Bin Ali’s brother, died eight years before his brother (in 114 A.H.) leaving behind a son who became the reverend scholar, Ja’afar Al-Sadiq. The latter was a prominent scholar and a proficient Faqih (Jurisprudent), who held the same theology believed in by Companions, Successors and Muslim scholars in general.
Late at the era of the Umayyad caliphate, the Abbasid movement started activities aiming at rallying people against the Umayyad caliphate. The movement collaborated with the groups which seceded from Zaid Bin Ali and both toppled the Umayyad caliphate in 132 A.H. The Abbasid caliphate came to power headed by the founder Abul-Abbas Al-Saffah and his successor Abu Ja’afar Al-Mansur. Those who collaborated with this movement felt disappointed as they sought to establish a caliphate ruled by one of Ali Bin Abi Talib’s grandchildren. Therefore, those people formed a group called Al-Talibiyyun (lit. proponents of Ali Bin Abi Talib (May Allah be pleased with him) compared to Abbasids who are named after Al-Abbas Bin Abdul-Muttalib) with the aim of staging a coup against the Abbasid caliphate.
Until this era, there were no essential theological or jurisprudential violations except that of the criticism of Abu Bakr and Umar; actually, some of them who seceded from Zaid Bin Ali rejected them and would even curse them in public.
Ja’afar Al-Sadik died in 148 A.H. leaving behind a son called Musa Al-Kazim, who was also a scholar but less in rank than his father. He died in 183 A.H. leaving behind some sons including Ali Bin Musa Al-Ridah.
It happened that the Abbasid caliph al Ma’amun sought to contain the rebellion of Al-Talibiyyun who claimed the caliphate for the descendants of Ali Bin Abi Talib rather than those of Al-Abbas. Thus, he nominated Ali Bin Musa Al-Ridah as the crown prince, which fueled a fierce controversy among Abbasids. However, Ali Bin Musa Al-Ridah suddenly died in 203 A.H., but Al-Talibiyyun accused Al-Ma’amun of killing him and once again staged successive revolutions against Abbasids just as they did with Umayyads.
Anyway, passage of years gave room for revolutions to relatively calm down. Until that time, Shi’a had not yet adopted an independent religious school of thought to be called Shi’a. Rather, there were only political movements aiming at assuming power and opposing leaders due to many reasons which did not include such theological reasons as those held by Shi’a now.
Strikingly, such dissenting calls found support on a large scale in the Persian region (currently Iran). Actually, many inhabitants of such a region felt sorry for the fall of the huge Persian empire and its fusion into the Islamic state. They, Persians, considered themselves of a higher race, a better ethnicity and a greater history than Muslims. This feeling led to the rise of Persophilia – an ideology which means giving priority to their race and ethnicity over anything even Islam. Some of them even showed deep adherence to their Persian roots, lock, stock and barrel, even the fire which they once worshiped.
As they were not powerful enough to rebel against the Islamic state, and being Muslims for decades, they found the Al-Talibiyyun’s revolutions a way through which they would seek to topple the Islamic caliphate which toppled their Persian state before. In the same time, they did not want to forsake Islam which they embraced for many years. They, however, decided to interpolate it through injecting into it the heritage of the Persian state so as to secure instability within the Muslim Ummah. They kept a low profile, while Al-Talibiyyun maintained the high profile. Bearing in mind that Al-Talibiyyun are affiliated to Ali Bin Abi Talib, are a part of the Prophet’s Household and thus held in a high esteem by people, such people secured continuation of their mission.
Thus, attempts of Persophils united with those of Al-Talibiyyun belonging to the Prophet’s Household to form a new independent, not only political but also religious, entity.
Back to Al-Talibiyyun, we can see that after the death of Ali Al-Ridah whom Abbasid Caliph Al-Ma’amun nominated as the crown prince, he was succeeded by his son Muhammad Al-Jawad who died in 220 A.H. The latter was also succeeded by his son Ali Bin Muhammad Al-Hadi who died in 254 A.H. Finally, the latter was succeeded by Al-Hasan Bin Ali called Al-Askari who also died suddenly in 260 A.H. leaving behind a young 5-year-old son, Muhammad.
Throughout previous years, separatist movements, which consisted of some of the Prophet’s Household and Persophils, would swear allegiance to the elder son of Al-Talibiyyun’s leader, starting with Ali Al-Ridah and ending with Al-Hasan Al-Askari. Concerning the ascendants of Ali Al-Ridah, such as his father Musa Al-Kazim or his grandfather Ja’afar Al-Sadik or his grandfather’s father Muhammad Al-Baqir, they did not assume the revolutionary leadership against Umayyad or Abbasid rule.
However, after Al-Hasan Al-Askari had died in 260 A.H., revolutionists got totally confused as to who is to assume leadership when Al-Hasan Al-Askari left behind a young son. They even got more confused after the sudden death of that young son. This resulted in dividing such revolutionary groups into many sects each different from the other in terms of principles and ideas as well as even in laws and beliefs.
The most famous among such sects is Ithna Ashriyyah (or Imamiyyah), now prevailing in Iran, Iraq and Lebanon. It is the biggest Shiite sect at present.
The leaders of this sect started to add to Islam ideas that would work best for situations they are exposed to currently and that may ensure the continuation of their sect despite the absence of their leader.
They added many serious Bid’ahs (innovations in religion) to the religion of Islam, claiming them to be part and parcel of Islam. Thus, such Bid’ahs, with the passage of time, became a key component of their ideology and thought. Some of such Bid’ahs relate to Imamate (caliphate). Seeking a justification for the lack of a current Imam or leader, they argued that Imams are twelve only, arranging them in the following order:
1. Ali Bin Abi Talib
2. Al-Hasan Bin Ali
3. Al-Husain Bin Ali
4. Ali Zainul-Abidin Bin Al-Husain
5. Muhammad Al-Baqir Bin Zainul-Abidin
6. Ja’afar Al-Sadik Bin Muhammad Al-Baqir
7. Musa Al-Kazim
8. Ali Al-Ridah
9. Muhammad Al-Jawad
10. Ali Al-Hadi
11. Muhammad Al-Mahdi and
12. Al-Hassan Al-Askari.
That is why this sect is called Ithna Ashriyyah (Imamiyyah or The Twelvers). Seeking to justify why the Imam succession came to an end, they claimed that the young child Muhammad Bin Al-Hasan Al-Askari has not died yet, and that, according to them, he has disappeared in a mountain cave and that he is still alive (over one thousand years now). They further claim that he will be back one day to rule the world. They also believe him to be the Awaited Mahdi (Righteous Imam).
They also claimed that the Messenger of Allah (Peace be upon him) bequeathed Imamate to those twelve names but Companions withheld and hide such information. This is why they judge Companions in general to be disbelievers (however, some of them judge Companions to be only profligate) as they concealed such a bequeath. Influenced by the Persian system of rule, they introduced the inevitability of the monarchical system believing that the Imam must be the elder son of Ali Bin Abi Talib and likewise all succeeding Imams.
As known to all, this notion is not Islamic at all. Even Sunni Islamic states based on a monarchical system, such as Umayyad, Abbasid, Seljuk, Ayyubi and Ottoman caliphates, never considered the monarchical system to be a part of religion or that ruling must be on a dynasty basis. Influenced also by Persia, they introduced sanctification of the ruling dynasty. Accordingly, they believed in the infallibility of the aforementioned Imams and thus considered their sayings to be as holy as the Qur’an and Prophetic Hadith.
Moreover, most of their Fiqhi (jurisprudential) rules are even derived from the sayings of Imams, regardless of whether these sayings are authentically or falsely attributed to them. Furthermore, in his book “Islamic Government (Al-Hukumah Al-Islamiyyah)”, Khomeini, the leader of the Iranian revolution, stated that:
“One of the fundamentals of our ideology is that our Imams are higher in rank than devoted angels and Prophets.”
Hence, this explains their bitter hostility to all Companions (except for a few of them who do not exceed thirteen). They also show hostility to even some of the Prophet’s Household, such as Al-Abbas (May Allah be pleased with him), Allah’s Messenger’s uncle, and his son Abdullah Bin Abbas (May Allah be pleased with him), the great scholar of the Ummah. Unarguably, hostility to these two figures and judging them to be disbelievers is due to the historical conflict between Ithna Ashriyyah and Abbasid caliphate.
Also among their Bid’ahs (innovations) is that they consider most Muslim countries to be Darul-Kufr (House of disbelief). They also judge the people of Madinah, Makkah, Egypt and Levant (Sham) to be disbelievers, falsely reporting the Messenger of Allah to have said something in this regard and thus believe it to be a part of their religion.
Wallahi, you can refer to such ideas in their original resources, such as Al-Kafi, Bihar Al-Anwar and Tafsir Al-Qummi, Tafsir Al-Ayyashi, Al-Burhan and other books.
Consequently, they do not acknowledge any Sunni scholars and all the authentic Hadith books, such as Al-Bukhari, Muslim, Al-Tirmidhi and Al-Nasa’i. They also deny the authority of Abu Hanifah, Malik, Al-Shafi`i and Ibn Hanbal. They also do not admit the excellence of Khalid Bin Al-Walid or Sa’ad Bin Abi Waqqas, Umar Bin Abdul-Aziz, Musa Bin Nusair, Nurul-Din Mahmud, Salahud-Din, Qutuz and Muhammad Al-Fatih.
As a result of their non-recognition of Companions, Successors and books of Hadith and Tafsir (exegesis of the Qur’an), they depended largely on sayings attributed to their Imams through very weak chains of narrators. Consequently, many abhorred Bid’ahs took place regarding their doctrines, acts of worship, transactions and other wakes of life. In this article, I do not intend to give a list of their Bid’ahs; actually, such a goal requires composing many books. I only refer here to the origin of the problem so that we may understand its consequences.
However, it requires a lengthy talk to speak about such Bid’ahs as Taqiyyah (a dispensation allowing Shiites to conceal their faith when under threat, persecution or compulsion) and Raj’a (the second coming or the return to life of their Imams after death), viewing that the Qur’an was interpolated, misbelieving in Allah, Bid’ahs committed at the shrines, building such shrines in Mosques, abhorred Bid’ahs committed on the anniversary of Al-Husain’s Martyrdom and thousands of other Bid’ahs that became key pillars in religion according to Shi’a Ithna Ashriyyah.
Wallahi all that I have mentioned so far is only a part of the ideology of Ithna Ashriyyah. However, there are several other sects that rose during the same period in history, especially during the period known in history as the period of “Shi’a Bewilderment”, which started as early as the middle of the third century A.H. following the death of Al-Hasan Al-Askari (the twelfth and last Imam according to them).
From this period on, literature and books that plant their ideology and doctrines were composed. Their methodologies spread widely in the Persian region in particular and in the Muslim world in general. However, till then no state was established to officially adopt such ideologies. Anyway, by the end of the third century and the beginning of the fourth century A.H., serious developments took place that led to Shi’a assuming power in some areas, which had serious repercussions on the entire Muslim Ummah.
However, I have to repeat the rule that “one cannot pass a judgment on something unless one has a clear conception of it.” Thus, if we are to take a decision regarding a specific matter or issue, we have to have knowledge about it first. In other words, we can judge something to be right or wrong or say that it is better to do so-and-so only when authentic information is available. Undoubtedly, judgments based of passions and on no study leads certainly to evil consequences.
Respected Brothers and Sisters! Now what do you think our attitude toward Shi’as should be? How should we deal with them? Is it better to discuss their issue or keep silent? Is it better to be ignorant or knowledgeable about them? This is what I will deal with in my next Jumu’ah Sermon, In Shaa Allah.
Lastly, I ask Allah to glorify Islam and Muslims. Ameen.
And all praise is due to Allah, Lord of the worlds. May the peace, blessings and salutations of Allah be upon our Noble Messenger, Muhammad, and upon his family, his Companions and his true followers.
Your Brother:
Imam Murtada Muhammad Gusau, from Okene, Kogi State, Nigeria: He can be reached via: gusaumurtada@gmail.com or +2348038289761.
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It May Be That You Dislike A Thing Which Is Good For You And That You Like A Thing Which Is Bad For You, By Imam Murtadha Gusau

In The Name Of Allah, The Most Kind And The Most Merciful

All praise is due to Allah, Lord of all creation. May Allah extol the mention of the Prophet in the highest company of Angels and may the peace and blessings of Allah be upon him, his family, his Companions and all those who follow him diligently till the Day of Judgement.

Dear Brothers and Sisters! Allah, the Almighty says:

“And it may be that you dislike a thing which is good for you and that you like a thing which is bad for you. Allah knows but you do not know.” [AI-Baqarah, 2:216]

In this Qur’anic Verse, there are several judgments, meanings and benefits for the sincere servant of Allah. If the servant knows that misfortune can produce a desirable thing, and that the desirable thing can produce a misfortune, he would not feel secure against the harm that can come from delight, and he would not lose hope of delight to come from harm, for he does not know the outcomes of things. Verily, it is Allah Who knows about that which the servant does not know, and in this context the following issues must be noted:

Nothing is more beneficial for him than abiding by the judgments of Allah, even if it is difficult for him at the beginning, because all its outcomes are good, delightful, and pleasurable. In the same way, nothing is more harmful for him than committing what is forbidden, even if he loves it. All its outcomes are pain, grief, evil and misfortune.

Furthermore, the mind bears little pain in comparison to the great pleasure and abundant good that it will experience, and likewise man is expected to avoid little in exchange for great rewards and preventing great pain and long term evil.

In this way, we can see that the perception of the ignorant does not go beyond the basics of life; his perception does not reach the goals, but the intelligent person always keeps his eye on the goals behind his actions in life.

The intelligent person perceives forbidden things like delicious food, which contain fatal poison. Whenever its pleasure arouses his interest, the reality of the poison would push him away from it. Also, he perceives the orders of Allah as bitter medicine that leads to good health and recovery.

Whenever its bitterness urges him not to take it, the reality of its usefulness leads him to comply. This requires knowledge that is more than the rudiments of the religion in order to understand the essential goals. It also requires strong patience to adjust oneself to it, in order to bear the difficulties that will be encountered for the sake of the goal. So if he loses certainty and patience, it would be difficult to achieve the goal, and on the other hand if his certainty and patience is strong, every difficulty would be rendered easy for him for the sake of permanent good and eternal pleasure.

There are other meanings of this Qur’anic verse. It also requires the servant to leave all his affairs in the Hands of the One Who knows the outcomes of all things, and to be pleased with whatever He chooses for him.

Also, the meanings of the verse include the fact that he should not propose or choose for his Lord, and should not ask Him for that which he has no knowledge of, for his harm and ruin may be in it and yet he does not know. He should simply ask his Lord to choose good for him and make him pleased with His choice, for that indeed would be the best ending. Also when he leaves all his affairs to his Lord, and is satisfied with His choice for him, Allah will support him by providing him with ability, determination and patience. He, the Almighty would also keep him away from the evil that the servant would have encountered if he had chosen for himself. He would show him some of the positive outcomes of His Choice, which he would not have attained if he had chosen for himself.

Such thinking relieves him of the burdens of trying to choose for himself as Allah frees his heart from estimations and arrangements, which fluctuate in difficulty. And in spite of this, the servant would always be surrounded by what was initially preordained for him. If he is pleased with the Choice of Allah, the preordainment would grant him what is praiseworthy, worthy of thanks and worthy of Allah’s Mercy. Otherwise, the preordainment would incur on him all that is dispraised and unworthy of Allah’s Mercy, because it was his own choice. When he truly leaves his affairs to Allah and truly becomes pleased with that, he would be surrounded by kindness and care in the preordainment, and he would be under the care and kindness of Allah. His Kindness protects him from that which he fears and His Care makes it easy for him to bear that which He preordained.

When the pre-ordainment is implemented upon the servant, the greatest cause of its implementation would be his trying to avoid it. Therefore, there is nothing more beneficial for him than submission.

Respected Brothers and Sisters! Life is a beautiful sojourn of trials. So long as you have blood flowing in your veins, you will be tested?—?the good way, the bad way. No one has ever had it all the way positive in life. We sometimes fall ill, get broke or even heart-broken. The same way life can never be a 100% miserable, there will always be a time to smile. Real wisdom lies in a person knowing that misfortune can lead to a desirable thing. Either ways, that which is desirable can as well be a source of misfortune. This assertion helps man against the harm that can come from delight. Hence, he’d not lose hope of delight coming from harm. We know not the outcome of things accurately; for Allah Alone is the All-Knowing, the All-Aware.

There’s nothing more appealing and beneficial to the believer than abiding by Allah’s injunctions, even if it is difficult for him to implement. Reasons being that he believes in the Supremacy of Allah’s decree over his personal whims. In addition, he finds all outcomes as good, delightful, and pleasurable. He sees nothing more harmful for him other than transgressing the limits set by His Lord, even if he loves it dearly. Wisdom lies in knowing fully well that everything unlawful comes with grief, sorrow and misfortune. If we bear this in mind, it would be easier for us to go on with our daily pursuit without a “do or die” mentality.

Anas Ibn Malik reported: The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him, said:

“I am amazed by the believer. Verily, Allah does not decree anything for the believer except what is good for him.” —?[Musnad of Imam Ahmad]

* Destiny?—?A fundamental Belief

As Muslims, it is prerequisite to believe in the divine pre-ordainment. The concept of destiny entails a firm believe in “what will be, will be.” This was well depicted in the Hadith of Abu al-Abbas Abdullah Bin Abbas (May Allah be pleased with him) as reported below:

“One day I was riding behind the Prophet, peace and blessings be upon him, when he said, ‘O Young man! I will teach you some words. Be mindful of Allah, and He will take care of you. Be mindful of Him, and you shall find Him at your side. If you ask, ask of Allah. If you need help, seek it from Allah. Know that if the whole world were to gather together in order to help you, they would not be able to help you except if Allah had written so. And if the whole world were to gather together in order to harm you, they would not harm you except if Allah had written so. The pens have been lifted, and the pages are dry.” ?[At-Tirmidhi]

A firm believe in destiny averts the whispering from shaitan, the feeling of remorse and the saying of ‘had I known…’ Man was created weak without the knowledge of the unknown for if he had known, he would have transgressed far beyond his limits.

* Istikhara to the Rescue

Istikhara prayer is a prayer of guidance performed at the time of indecision. This is as recommended by the noble Messenger of Allah. There’s really no one who does it the right way that doesn’t see light at the end of the tunnel. At worse, it would lead to an expression of gratitude.

The prayer doesn’t entail seeing something in your dreams after observing it. This is a popular belief which is not a sine qua non to acceptance. In addendum, you don’t have to consult someone to do it for you; it’s a Do It Yourself (DIY) thing. So, to save yourself the headache from worry and grief, just consult Allah on every important matter in your life. Then patiently wait to see what the outcome will be given birth to.

* Gratitude in All Ramifications

It was reported that whenever the Prophet (Peace Be Upon Him) saw anything he disliked, he would say:

“All praise is due to Allah in every circumstance.”

This is a statement of gratitude and glorification to the One Who is able to do all things. As followers of the messenger, we should also abide by this noble trait.

Imam Ash-Sha’abi reported that: Shuraih, May Allah be pleased with him, said:

“Verily, if I am afflicted with a calamity, then I praise Allah four times. I praise Him that it was not worse than it was. I praise Him when he provides me patience to bear it. I praise Him when he guides me to supplicate appropriately and hoping for reward, and I praise Him for not making it a calamity in my religion.” [See Siyar A’lam An-Nubalah, vol 4, page 105]

* May your Road be Rough?

Now you know for sure that there will be challenges and trials for the believer. Perhaps it is in difficulty that your strength and power will come shinning through. Hardship is never meant to break you. Even in the darkest moments, there will be unexpected light to see through. Try to strive hard and never give up?—?you’re not alone on your struggle, Allah is with you. Keep a ray of hope that victory comes with patience and after every hardship there’s ease. This is the Sunnah of Allah and let there be no change to His will. Allah the Most High said:

“We shall certainly test you with fear and hunger, and loss of property, lives, and crops. But give good news to those who are steadfast. Those who say, when afflicted with a calamity, ‘We belong to Allah and to Him we shall return.’ These will be given blessings and Mercy from their Lord, and it is they who are rightly guided.” [Al-Baqarah, 155–157]

* Whatever Allah Does It Is For Your Best

Allah the Almighty said:

“And for Allah is the Highest example.” [Surah Nahl :60]

So when Allah the Most High, in His Infinite Wisdom, tests us with a situation that we think is difficult or takes away something that in our mind was good for us, we need to remember that perhaps it may not be so. Perhaps if we had continued in our way, it might have been harmful for us and whatever Allah decreed for us is actually better for us, for He is All-Wise and All-Knowing. Allah the Most High said:

“…And it may be that you dislike a thing which is good for you and that you like a thing which is bad for you. Allah knows but you do not know.” [Surah Baqarah: 216]

Imam Al-Hasan al-Basri said:

“Do not resent the calamities that come and the disasters that occur, for perhaps in something that you dislike will be your salvation, and perhaps in something that you prefer will be your doom.”

Remember that we are dealing with the One who is Ar-hamar Rahimin, the Most Merciful of all that show mercy. All the mercy that we have in this world from Adam (AS) to the Day of Judgment is only one hundredth of the Mercy of the Most Merciful, Allah. And He is Most Wise. He knows and we don’t know.

So have faith in Him and trust in Him and although, sometimes we may not understand the reason behind certain things, know that as long as you obey Him, whatever He will do for you is, in fact for your betterment.

So if Allah didn’t give you that party ticket, that big house, or that nice car you wanted or that big raise you were hoping for, know in your mind and believe in your heart that it is actually better for you. Who knows…..maybe that party ticket, that big house, that car or that money would have become a source of ‘fitnah’ (test) for you….Perhaps you would have become arrogant and conceited because of it, and Allah saved you from it. Because, you know that the Prophet (Peace be Upon him) said:

“Any one in whose heart is even a mustard seed’s worth of pride will not enter Paradise.” [Muslim]

And if you have been sick and suffering, sure it is not easy. But again, know in your mind and believe in your heart that it is indeed better for you. For, if you bear patiently, it will be a means of expiation (Kaffarah) for your sins and a source of great reward. The Prophet (Peace be Upon him) said:

“There is nothing that befalls a believer, not even a thorn that pricks him, but Allah will record one good deed for him and will remove one bad deed from him.” [Muslim]

And:

“On the Day of Resurrection, when people who had suffered affliction are given their reward, those who were healthy will wish their skins had been cut to pieces with scissors when they were in the world (when they see the immense rewards for the afflictions they suffered).” [Tirmidhi, Sahih by al-Albani]

If Allah took away a dear, loved one, believe, from the bottom of your heart, that surely this was better. For, you never know, had the one who passed away lived longer, may be his life would have been one of sins and disobedience and Allah, out of His Mercy, took him before that….in a state of Iman.

And if life has been difficult, worries surround you and calamities after calamities befall you, hear the good news from the Prophet (Peace be Upon Him):

“Trials will continue to befall the believing man and woman, with regard to themselves, their children and their wealth, until they meet Allah with no sin on them.” [Tirmidhi, Sahih by Shaykh al-Albani)

Subhanallah! No sin?! And what is it from this world that you wouldn’t give up, just to meet Allah with no sin??!!

Remember that the One Who is testing you is the Most Wise, the Most Merciful and the Most Loving…..and that He did not send this calamity in order to destroy you….or cause you pain or finish you off. Rather, He is checking on you, testing your patience, acceptance and faith; it is so that He may hear your Du’a and supplication, so that He may see you standing before Him….seeking His protection….filled with humility and complaining to Him, alone. The difficulties you face is a reminder for you to return to Allah and ask for forgiveness from Him. Who knows… if He didn’t give you the difficulty, maybe you would have strayed from Him far, far away….

Imam Ibn Taimiyah said:

“A calamity that makes you turn to Allah is better for you than a blessing which makes you forget the remembrance of Allah.”

Thus in your times of trouble, when you go through pain and suffering and in your times of loss, you need to trust Allah. You need to keep in mind that as long as you fear Him and try your best to obey Him, He will never do you wrong. He will protect you and guide you and do the best for you, no matter what the situation apparently looks like. Allah Almighty says in a Hadith Qudsi:

“I am as my slave thinks of me and I am with him whenever he remembers me.” [Bukhari and Muslim]

It is actually a sign of our weakness and shortsightedness, that we tend to focus on the calamities themselves, without paying much attention to the benefits that they may bring. We also forget to look at all other innumerable blessings that we enjoy and see around us.
Our minds, our logic and our senses cannot even begin to fathom the Wisdom, the Knowledge and the Hikmah behind Allah’s decisions and verdicts. It is He who is the Wise….it is He who is the Just and it is He who is the Knower of the unseen. If we trust in Allah, He will suffice and it is He who will grant us goodness in any situation and under any circumstances. Allah the Most High said:

“And when someone puts all his trust in Allah, He will be enough for him.” [Surah at-Talaq:3]

The Prophet (Peace be Upon him] said:

“If you put your trust completely in Allah, He will arrange for your sustenance in the same way as He provides for the birds. They go out in the morning with their stomachs empty and return filled in the evening.” [Tirmidhi, Sahih]

So trust Him….for, there is much reward in trusting Him…..it is Jannah (Paradise). And there is sin in distrusting Him. Calamities and disasters are a test, and they are a sign of Allah’s love for a person. They are like medicine: even though it is bitter, yet, in spite of its bitterness you still give it to the one whom you love…. The Prophet (Peace be Upon him said:

“The greatest reward comes with the greatest trial. When Allah loves a people He tests them. Whoever accepts that wins His pleasure but whoever is discontent with that earns His wrath.'” [Sahih al-Tirmidhi]

May the blessings and peace of Allah be upon Muhammad and all his family and Companions.

Your Brother: Imam Murtadha Muhammad Gusau, writes from Okene, Kogi State Nigeria. He can be reached through: gusaumurtada@gmail.com or +2348038289761.

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Some Signs Before The Day Of Judgment, By Imam Murtadha Gusau

Monday, September 17, 2018

I Begin With The Name Of Allah, The Most Merciful, The One Who Bestows Mercy

Alhamdulillah. Indeed, all praise is due to Allah. We praise Him and seek His Help and forgiveness. We seek refuge in Allah from our soul’s evils and our wrong doings. He whom Allah guides, no one can misguide; and he whom He misguides, no one can guide.

I bear witness that there is no god except Allah – alone without any partners. And I bear witness that Muhammad is His Abd (servant) and Messenger.

O Allah, send prayers upon Muhammad and the followers of Muhammad, just as You sent prayers upon Ibrahim and upon the followers of Ibrahim, verily you are full of praise and majesty. O Allah, send blessings upon Muhammad and upon the family of Muhammad, just as You sent blessings upon Ibrahim and upon the family of Ibrahim, verily, You are full of praise and majesty.

Dear Brothers and Sisters! Sayyidinah Hudhaifah Bin Yaman (RA), a great Companion of the Messenger of Allah (Peace be upon him), has narrated that the Noble Prophet (Peace be upon him) predicted that seventy-two events shall occur in the period close to the Day of Judgement. And these are:

  1. People will begin to miss their prayers and pay no attention to them. If this is said in our times, there will be nothing surprising in it because the majority of Muslims today do not offer their prayers.  The Noble Prophet (Peace be upon him) made this prediction at a time when prayers were considered as a line of demarcation between Iman and Kufr. Even the most sinful and vicious person  living in that age did not miss his prayers. In his time, i.e. 1440  years ago, the Noble Prophet predicted about the present times that the people will miss their prayers.
  2. They shall begin to betray their trusts (Amanah). That is, they will misappropriate the trusts entrusted to them for safe custody.
  3. They will begin to eat usurious income.
  4. They will begin to consider lying to be lawful. Telling lies will become an art.
  5. They shall construct high-rise buildings.
  6. They shall sell their Religion (Faith) for worldly gains.
  7. They shall violate the bonds of relationships.
  8. Justice will become a virtue almost hard to find anywhere.
  9. Falsehood will become truth (and vice versa).
  10. Silk garments will be worn by men.
  11. Oppression and wrongdoing will become rampant.
  12. Divorces will become common practice.
  13. Sudden deaths will become a common occurrence.
  14. One who betrays his trust will be regarded as trustworthy.
  15. The trustworthy will be regarded as untrustworthy.
  16. The liar will be regarded as truthful.
  17. The truthful will be regarded as a liar.
  18. Calumny will become a common feature, i.e. people  will put false blames on one another.
  19. The weather shall be hot despite rains (Climate change).
  20. Instead of desiring children, people will hate them. They  will pray  to Allah not to favour them with children. This is actually happening as a result of the Family  Planning Departments of Governments raising the slogan ‘Only Two Issues’ guarantee prosperity.
  21. The meaner classes will be happy and prosperous.
  22. The respectable classes will  be in trouble and cast out of society.
  23. Some of the leaders and the ministers will become used to being engrossed in lies from morning until evening.
  24. The trustworthy will begin to betray their trusts.
  25. The leaders of the people will become wrongdoers.
  26. Some of the scholars of Religion and the reciters of Qur’an will become lewd and sinners.
  27. The people shall put on skin-garments.
  28. The hearts of the wearers of skin-garments will be more foul smelling than dead animals.
  29. They will be more bitter than the aloe plant (with bitter leaves).
  30. Gold will become widely used.
  31. Silver will be in great demand.
  32. Sins and wrongdoing will be on the increase.
  33. Peace and security will deteriorate (as we see and witnessing at this moment in time).
  34. The pages and covers of the Noble Qur’an will be lavishly decorated.
  35. The Mosques will be decorated with beautiful writing and designs.
  36. Lofty minarets will rise from the Masaajid (Mosques).
  37. Even so, the hearts will remain desolate and empty.
  38. Wine will be drunk freely.
  39. Punishments of the Shari’ah will be suspended.
  40. The slave girl shall bear her master. In other words, the daughter shall rule over her mother and behave with her as a master behaves with his slave girls.
  41. The bare-footed, the naked and the uncultured shall become  kings and leaders. The mean, the untouchable classes and the depressed ones will become Heads of State.
  42. Woman and man shall be partners in trade, as women are trying to take part in every walk of life side by side with men.
  43. Men will imitate women; and
  44. Women will imitate men. In other words, men and women shall adopt each other’s guise and appearance.
  45. The people will swear by names other than Allah’s name. It is lawful to swear only by Allah or some attribute of Allah or by the Noble Qur’an. In the later ages people will swear by objects as ‘by  your head’, etc. This is unlawful and strictly forbidden.
  46. In the times to come even Muslims will bear false witness. The use of the word ‘even’ indicates that unbelievers do bear false witness freely but a Muslim who is not expected to do so, will also commit this sin.
  47. Salam (salutations) will be bidden only to those who are known and not to strangers. This is against the injunction of  the Noble  Prophet (Peace be upon him) who has said in a Hadith: “Salam  should be bidden to everyone whether you know or do not know the person.”
  48. Religious knowledge will be acquired not for the sake of religion  but for the sake of earning worldly resources and worldly honour and status.
  49. Work relating to the Hereafter will be done to earn worldly gains.
  50. War spoils (Booty) or public property will be taken as personal estate. War spoils has been used here to imply public property  which will be enjoyed as personal property.
  51. A trust (Amanah) shall be taken and misappropriated as plundered property.
  52. Zakah will be paid reluctantly, as if it were a penalty.
  53. The meanest man shall become the leader of the people by their consent or votes.
  54. Men will disobey their parents.
  55. Men will misbehave with their mothers.
  56. A man will not hesitate in causing harm to his friends.
  57. A man will obey his wife in a wrong way.
  58. The voices of the wrongdoers will rise in  the Mosques.
  59. Women engaged in the singing profession will be held in great esteem and accorded high status.
  60. Musical instruments will be kept and preserved with care.
  61. Wine will be drunk by roadsides.
  62. Wrongdoing, dictatorship and tyranny will be looked upon as acts of pride.
  63. Justice will be sold (with bribery) in the Courts of Justice.
  64. The number of Police will increase.
  65. The Noble Qur’an will be recited in a musical style, so as to enjoy  the singing tone and its musical cadence. At that time, the Qur’an will not be recited for the sake of its Da’awah (preaching), for understanding it and for reaping the reward for its recitation.
  66. Beast skins will be used.
  67. The later people of the Ummah will taunt and curse the former people, i.e. the latter will pass derogatory remarks at the former. As a result of this trend a large section of the people is deriding insolently  the Noble Companions of the Prophet and are behaving in the same way with the leaders of Religion who conveyed to us the message of Religion. These elder Scholars of Religion are being blamed as being ignorant of the Hadiths and the Noble Qur’an whereas the later generations claim to have understood those sources of Islam better than the former. The Noble Prophet also said that when these signs appear then:
  68. Red windstorm may come from Allah; or
  69. Earthquakes may up heave the earth; or
  70. They will begin to commit murders on ordinary grounds.
  71. The people’s faces may be distorted; or
  72. Stones may rain down from the sky or some other torment may  descend from Allah – Allah forbid.

All these signs are proving true of our society one by one. The punishment that has come over us is really due to these misdeeds. [See ad-Durrul Mansur, Volume 4, page 52]

* Some Evils Destroying The Ummah…

Respected Brothers and Sisters! The role of the individual in Islam is not limited to fulfilling the five pillars. The Muslim in an Islamic community has a greater responsibility than is usually understood. All of a Muslim’s activities in life are included as acts of worship depending upon the intention underlying them. Nothing is required from a Muslim beyond service to Allah and nothing is accepted from him, which is not a service. Every individual’s responsibilities fall into two parts: his responsibility to adhere to the teachings of Islam and his responsibility to enjoin good and forbid evil – which is social reform. There is a reason why enjoining good and forbidding wrong comes first, even before faith. It emphasises the Muslim’s duty and implies faith can only be realized by certain actions, which maintains a relationship between the individual and society.

Neglecting these duties leads to widespread corruption and an increase in evils that consume the core of the community, such as the following:

  1. Indifference: Muslims are commanded to play a positive role in their community and assist in enjoining matters of virtue and preventing evil by as much as they can. Many Muslims stray away from the right path because they do not find anyone to assist them and rescue them from straying in their communities, as those around them act indifferently. One should not underestimate any input he can give in such cases and consider the story of the imprisonment of Imam Ahmad to see how effective a person can be if he takes the initiative and does not act indifferently. When Imam Ahmad, may Allah have mercy upon him, was imprisoned, a thief was with him in the same cell. The thief said to him:

“O Imam Ahmad! I persevere and tolerate the punishment I receive while I am upon falsehood and being punished for a sin. Would someone like you, who is suffering as a result of being upon the truth, not persevere and endure?”

Thus, this thief played an important role in comforting and consoling Imam Ahmad in a difficult situation.

Underestimating the harms of intermixing and neglecting to lower the gaze: If members of a particular community give free rein to their sight, do not adhere to the Hijab and women wear perfume before leaving their homes, the most obvious outcome is the spread of immorality in the community. Immoral films, TV programmes, obscene content on the internet and intermixing between the two sexes are other causes that have led to people committing sins and indulging in immorality. People nowadays mix with the opposite sex in universities, schools and workplaces, while Yunus Bin Ubaid said:

“Never be in seclusion with a woman, even if you wish to teach her the Qur’an, and even if only you would be the one reciting.”

  1. Being ill-mannered: Many people possess three very evil qualities, namely: lying, cowardice and miserliness, and these are the worst three qualities a person can possess. There are also many other evil qualities that we must be mindful of and hold ourselves to account regarding, such as backbiting, badmouthing others and tale-bearing, while replacing them with praiseworthy qualities and morals.

The Salaf (our pious predecessors) would rebuke themselves for every word they uttered, words which would be considered very normal to people nowadays. Malik Bin Dhaighan said:

“Rabah Bin Qais once came asking for my father after the Asr prayer, but he happened to be sleeping, so we informed him of this, to which he remarked: ‘Who would sleep at this time of the day?’ Then he left. We sent a man after him to see if he wanted us to wake my father up for him, but this man did not return until it was time to pray Maghrib. When we asked him why he returned so late, he said: ‘I followed him to ask him, but found that he was headed to the graveyard while rebuking himself, saying: ‘What business is it of yours to ask this kind of question? Why do you ask what does not concern you? What is it to you when people go to sleep? People are free to sleep any time they desire, why did you indulge in what does not concern you?…’”

Note how lightly such a question would be taken in our time, and how strongly he rebuked himself for asking it.

  1. Severing ties with kinfolk: The most important of kinfolk are one’s parents, and yet we find many people dealing with them in an inappropriate manner or even severing ties with them altogether. As for those who do try to fulfill the needs of their parents, many of them do it begrudgingly, while expressing discontent or complaining that it is a burden upon them. This is in spite of the fact that Allah commands us to not say even the least expression of discontent in this regard, saying:

“…Say not to them (so much as) ‘Uff,’ and do not repel them but speak to them a noble word.”  [Qur’an, 17:23]

The mother of Huthail Bin Hafsah said:

“He would collect wood during the summer and peel off the outer layer of bark himself. Then, when winter would come, he would come to me whilst I was praying, light a brazier (in my room) and place the peeled wood in it, as this does not give harmful smoke. He would do so just so that I would be warm during prayer. He would do so even though we had a servant who could do the job. Whenever I thought of stopping him and commanding him to return to his family, I would remember why he was doing it, and thus I would allow him to continue.”

Why was he doing this himself despite him having a servant who could have done it for him? It was nothing but a reflection of his full dutifulness towards his mother.

This type of nobility is not limited to ones parents; rather, one should be kind to all his relatives and even his fellow Muslims and non-Muslims neighbours.

  1. Wasting time: The issue of wasting time is a very important one indeed. We must be careful about it and hold ourselves to account regarding it because we spend much of our time uselessly instead of spending it in acts of obedience to Allah, as it should be utilised. Allah the Almighty says:

“And it is He who has made the night and the day in succession for whoever desires to remember or desires gratitude.” [Qur’an, 25:62]

Therefore, time was created so that we would fill it with acts of obedience to Allah but many people do the exact opposite of this. The Salaf (our pious predecessors) were very keen to make use of every second of their time. Imam Al-Hasan al-Basri said:

“I have met some people (Prophet’s Companions) who were stingier with their time than they were with their wealth.”

But people nowadays waste their times in games, late nights, socialising, watching television and in vain talk. They may even go as far as doing so at the expense of their religious obligations, such as their daily prayers, and so on.

  1. Wasting wealth: Many men cave in under pressure from their wives and children and therefore spend extravagantly, but when they are asked to spend in charity, one would find that they are so stingy that if they were to pull out two bills to give in charity, one would invariably return to his pocket. However, if this same person were to go to a restaurant or shopping in a big supermarket, he would have no problem in spending multiples of this amount.

Allah will ask us about our wealth because we were informed as such by the Prophet (Peace be upon him). Abu Barzah reported that:

“The Messenger of Allah (Peace be upon him) said: “Man’s feet will not move on the Day of Resurrection before he is asked about his life and how he consumed it, his knowledge and what did he do with it, his wealth and how he earned it and how he disposed of it, and about his body and how he wore it out.” [At-Tirmithi]

This does not imply that people do not spend generously or that there are no people who do any of the above mentioned matters correctly. The purpose of highlighting these points is to serve as a reminder for Muslims – at both the individual and community level – so that we realise the importance of these matters and hold ourselves to account with respect to them, as there are many of us who are failing to do so.

May Allah help us to act upon these injunctions and to keep away from all sins. Ameen

May the blessings and peace of Allah be upon our leader, Prophet Muhammad and all his family and Companions.

Your Brother: Imam Murtadha Muhammad Gusau, writes from Okene, Kogi State, Nigeria. He can be reached through: gusaumurtada@gmail.com or +2348038289761.

 

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Have Patience O Our Gallant Soldiers, Indeed Your Reward Is With Allah! By Imam Murtadha Gusau

In The Name Of Allah, The Most Gracious And The Most Merciful

All praise be to Allah for blessing us with a generous nation and greatest bounties. I extol Him as is befitting to His great sovereignty and glorious status and I bear witness that there is no deity but Him; having no associates. To Him belongs the dominion of the heavens and the earth and whatever is within them. And He is over all things competent.

I also testify that Muhammad (Peace be upon him) is His Servant and Messenger, May the peace and blessings of Allah be upon him, his family, his Companions, and all those who will follow them in righteousness till the Day of Judgment.

Respected Servants of Allah! I urge myself first and all of you to obey Allah and be submissive to Him. Verily, Allah, Exalted is He, has declared the truth in His Noble Book. He said:

“O you who have believe, persevere and endure and remain stationed and fear Allah that you may be successful.” [Surah Ali-Imran, 200]

My Respected Brothers and Sisters! The homeland is one’s cradle where he lives, acquaints himself with its elements and enjoys its vicinity. As such anyone who has loves his country all throughout his life must be sincere in building it and protecting it. In this sense, founding nations and civilisations is more than a mission; rather it is a covenant that only people in whom Allah invests honesty can fulfill. That is why people take to defend their homeland naturally and willingly. Some would sacrifice their life and this is the utmost form of generosity. Some would sacrifice their time, their knowledge, their children or their wealth, while others would do all of these and even more.

In Surah An-Naml (The Ants), the Noble Quran tells the story of a group of people who proposed to their Queen to defend their homeland, capitalizing on their might and strong will. Allah the Almighty said:

“They said, ‘we are men of strength and of great military might, but the command is yours, so see what you will command’.” [Surah An-Naml, 33]

Some scholars explained that the speakers in this verse were ready to defend their kingdom and their nation by hinting at using wisdom, knowledge and force. Yet while taking this stance, they let this matter to the Queen with full belief in her prudent opinion. In so doing, they were all set to follow her orders.

As an outcome, she led them to safety, thanks to her wisdom and good sense of judgment. This incident highlights the value of obedience, making it a beneficial lesson, especially for the young who are the safety valve for any nation.

Dear Brothers and Sisters! Please know that safeguarding the homeland from the terrorists is an honour like no other. Its unique status was stressed by the Prophet Muhammad (Peace be upon him) when he said:

“Shall I tell you about a night better than Lailatul Qadr (The Night of Decree), [It is when] a guard, a soldier who is on watch in a fearful place and who are Perhaps may not return to his family.”

So congratulations to our gallant soldiers who are away from their families, our gallant troops, staying up all night so that we can sleep (peacefully). They battle the cold so that their people and nation remain stable and secure. Because of their sacrifice they earn a higher rank.

On the narration of Ata Bin Al-Mundhir that Umar Bin Al-Khattab (May Allah be pleased with him), told his Companions:

“Who amongst people shall have greater reward?” They said those who fast and pray, mentioning so and so. Thereupon, he said: “Shall I inform you about the most rewarded of all those you mentioned?” They said: “Yes please.” He said: “A man reins his horse and guards people, not knowing if there is a predator around to prey on him, a venomous snake to bite him, or an enemy to assault or attack him. This is a greater recompense than those you mentioned.”

Moreover, it is mentioned in a Prophetic Hadith that the watchful eye on people’s rights, one that guards the borders of the nation and obeys Allah will, by His grace, not be touched by the Hellfire.

Ibn Abbas narrated that he heard the Messenger of Allah (Peace be upon him) saying:

“There are two eyes that shall not be touched by the Hellfire: an eye that wept from the fear of Allah, and an eye that spent the night standing on guard in the cause of Allah.”

Knowing this, anyone, who desires the great reward, should be content with what Allah has prepared for him while he defends his nation, whether in land, sea or sky. It was narrated by Sahl bin Sa’ad (May Allah be pleased with him) that Allah’s Messenger (Peace be upon him) said:

“Guarding the frontier (Ribat) for a day in the cause of Allah is better than the world and all what is in it.”

In the same regard, Abdullah Bin Amr (May Allah be pleased with him) said:

“I would rather love to stay up all nights guarding and be afraid in the way of Allah, the most Exalted, than giving one hundred camels as charity.”

Dear Brothers and Sisters! For the cause of defending the nation one can sacrifice his life, give money or make achievements. An example of this Noble mission was taken by a group of people who were praised in the Quran when they offered their wealth to protect their homeland from temptations and threats. The Quranic verse read as follows:

“They said, ‘O Zul-Qarnain, indeed Yajuj (Gog) and Majuj (Magog) are [great] corrupters in the land. So may we assign for you expenditure that you might make between us and them a barrier?” [Surah Al-Kahf, 94]

Ibn Abbas (May Allah be pleased with him), said:

“The expenditure refers here to, the money which people wanted to collect amongst themselves and give it out to Zul-Qarnain in return for erecting a barrier to keep their enemies away and under control.”

Also, protecting the homeland can be achieved by serving it across all of its institutions and by being dedicated to performing work as it ought to be done. Thus one has to be sincere about discharging his responsibilities, and should work on protecting the reputation of his nation. Failing to do so is failing to defend the nation and this is against what our beloved Prophet (Peace be upon him) said:

“Every one of you is a guardian and responsible for what is in his custody.”

My great people! Protecting the nation is a responsibility that requires commitments, including praying for the nation and the leaders. On this matter a respected scholar said:

“If I have an (confirmed) accepted supplication I will pray it for the leader.”

Let us then pray to our Lord to confer upon our great country, Nigeria, goodness and prosperity as well as continuing safety and security. Doing this is one of the signs of loyalty and sincere sense of belonging. It also reflects the Prophet’s traditions and manners. The Prophet Ibrahim (AS), for example, prayed for his homeland saying:

“My Lord, make this city (Makkah) secure.” [Surah Ibrahim, 35]

Also Prophet Muhammad (Peace be upon him) on his part, supplicated for his homeland as he said:

“O Allah, bless us in our mudd; O Allah, bless us in our Saa’; O Allah, bless with this blessing two more blessings.”

With this in mind, you are urged to pray for your nation and supplicate to Allah to protect it and bless it with His generous favours. May Allah bless our country with continued bounties and keep it safe from all sorts of evil, Ameen.

Dear Servants of Allah! Please be aware that you are asked to obey Him, the Almighty, as it ought to be, by observing Him in private and in public and know that it falls on us to contribute effectively in educating our children on the love of their nation. It is our responsibility to prepare them during the peacetime to be the builders of their country’s civilisation and glories and in need stand as the shield of protection. This is because they are the renewable source of energy from which the country draws its strength and resistance. In this regard, Umar Bin Al-Khattab, (May Allah be pleased with him) said:

“Teach your children swimming, archery (Shooting) and horse-riding.”

Furthermore, let us all salute and pray for the defenders of our generous nation: our Armed Forces, our gallant troops, who ensure safety and security so that everyone can enjoy a stable and serene life. No wonder then if they are referred to as the wealth of this nation, its impervious fort, a symbol of its union, a source of its pride and pillar of its security. In fact without their role we could not have reached such a progress and steady prosperity at all levels. We truly appreciate their unyielding efforts in protecting the nation and its gains, for whose cause they offer their lives.

My Respected people! Islam is a religion of forgiveness and leniency. It appeals to people, and let them accept it. Thus it comes to emphasise good morals, lay the foundations of moderation, safeguard human rights, and establish such finest cultural values of unity, coexistence, tolerance and solidarity. Then there has emerged the eternal message of mercy and peace for all mankind. Allah the Most High said:

“And We have not sent you, [O Muhammad], except as a Mercy to the world.” [Surah Al-Anbiya, 107]

In the same regard, our beloved Prophet Muhammad (Peace be upon him) said:

“Actually, I was awarded mercy (by Allah).”

This authentic principle is being thoroughly stressed in Islam as he (Peace be upon him) said:

“He who shows no mercy to the people, Allah, the Exalted and Glorious, does not show mercy on him.”

He (Peace be upon him) also said:

“Mercy is taken away only from him who is miserable.”

Mercy in Islam is a virtue that encompasses also other creatures besides humans. Ibn Mas’ud reported that:

“We were with the Messenger of Allah (Peace be upon him) during a journey. He went to ease himself. We saw a bird with her two young ones and we captured her young ones. The bird came and began to spread its wings. The Messenger of Allah (Peace be upon him) came and said: ‘who grieved this for its young ones? Return its young ones to it.”

If the Prophet (Peace be upon him) prohibited us to cause suffering to a bird by taking its little chicks, so what would be the case with someone who inflicts grievance on another by taking the life of his father, son, brother or relative?

Dear Brothers and Sisters! Indeed it is heartbreaking to see the tolerant teachings of Islam and the Prophetic tradition being violated out of proportion. This has been undertaken by sinful groups taking to extremist views, insurgency, militancy and terrorism, and tarnishing the image of our tolerant religion. In total disregard of religious dictates and in cruelest manner, they unleash havoc, shedding blood and breaching sanctities. Disgracefully, they speak in the name of Islam and attribute their heinous crimes to it.

Nay they have utterly distorted Islam and its humanitarian ideals because they endorse an alien ideology that is contradictory to it. Truly, their radical attitude has killed their pure human nature and perceptions, rendering them insensible to morality and humanity. Can anybody then say that such crimes have anything to do with Islam? The answer to this question is capital NO!

Along this dark, unjust and deadly road, have walked those people who are penetrating unspeakable massacres; they kill others in cold blood and disfigure them. They have been tearing down buildings, spilling blood, violating integrities, assaulting women without respect to any of Islam’s commands, nor to any of human’s values or principles. Here again arises a question: where are they from those religious texts that condemn the crimes they do?

Where are they from the incident involving Usama Bin Zaid who raised his sword when he (the soldier of the polytheists) uttered: “there is no deity but Allah.” But he (Usama Bin Zaid) killed him. The Messenger of Allah (Peace be upon him) called for him and asked him why he had killed him. He (Usama Bin Zaid) said: “O Messenger of Allah, he struck the Muslims and killed such and such of them. And he even named some of them. I attacked him and when he saw the sword he said, ‘there is no deity but Allah’.” The Messenger of Allah (Peace be upon him) said: “did you kill him?” he (Usama Bin Zaid) replied in affirmative. He (the Noble Prophet) remarked: “what would you do with his: ‘there is no deity but Allah,’ when he would come (before you) on the Day of Judgment?” He (Usama Bin Zaid) said, “O Messenger of Allah, beg pardon for me (from your Lord).” He (the Noble Prophet) said, “what would you do with: ‘there is no deity but Allah’ when he would come before you on the Day of Judgment? He (the Noble Prophet) added nothing to it but kept saying, ‘what would you do with: ‘there is no deity but Allah’ when he would come (before you) on the Day of Judgment? “The Prophet (Peace be upon him) kept on repeating that so often that I wished I had not embraced Islam before that day,” Usama Bin Zaid said.”

Where are they from the Hadith of the Prophet of mercy (Peace be upon him) saying that:

“A faithful believer remains at liberty regarding his religion unless he kills somebody unlawfully.”

Where are they from the severe warning contained in the words of the Prophet (Peace be upon him) that:

“If this world was to be destroyed, that would be less significant before Allah than the unlawful killing of a believer or any innocent person?”

Again where are they from the stern warning in the words of the Prophet (Peace be upon him) that:

“If the inhabitants of the heavens and the inhabitants of the earth all took part in shedding blood of a believer or any innocent person, then Allah would cast them (all) in the Hellfire?”

How on earth can they ignore the Prophet’s instruction that:

“Whoever rebels against my Ummah, killing good and evil people alike, and does not try to avoid killing the believers, and does not pay attention to those who are under a covenant (non-Muslim), then he has nothing to do with me and I have nothing to do with him.”

So how will those people meet the Prophet (Peace be upon him) on the Day of Judgment while they did not respect the sanctity of his Ummah, and ignored his warnings, commands and orders?

As you can see these verses and Hadiths denounce categorically all forms of extremism and terrorism, and stress the fact that it is against our tolerant religion and call for fighting it by all means.

Fellow Nigerians! Since militant ideology has reached this dark alarming level with their advocators having fallen deep in the abyss of impurity, losing sense of conscience and failing to listen to the voice of wisdom and comply with good guidance, then a firm and effective action must be taken. This is required in order to preserve the religion and the nation from such an alien system of thought and protect people from the evil posed by those extremists and their gruesome acts. For these reasons and others, addressing the harm caused by those terrorists by all possible means is legal and legitimate demand. May Allah save our nations from those corrupters and purify it from the extremists, Ameen.

Fellow Nigerians! Please obey Allah as it ought to be by observing Him in private and in public and be aware that as the image of our religion and nation is being stained by those terrorist group’s actions, of killing our gallant soldiers, killing innocent people, violating sanctities and taking other’s property, it is our duty to show to the world that this is contrary to the teachings of Islam and also contrary to our cultures. It is our duty to warn against any misleading Fatwa (verdicts or rules) that defends those corrupt groups or be deceived by it.

The responsibility rests as well with parents who need to protect their children from any intruding ideology and dangerous creed by educating them, following the true Islamic principles. The youth, boys and girls, for their part, must adhere to the guidance of genuine Islam and to beware of radical ideas and of those who spread them, especially through electronic social network media. They also must stand alert not to let themselves be lured to slogans and allegations disseminated by terrorist organisations and groups, which claim falsely glamorous slogans.

My Respected people! Terrorists launched attacks on our gallant troops, our gallant soldiers, the defenders of our nation, who surrendered their life, abandoned their family, so that we sleep peacefully, killed many of them. The attacks occurred at Zari town, Guzamala Local Government Area in northern Borno State, near the border with the Republic of Niger and at Mobbar Local Government Area and many army bases and formations in Borno and Yobe States. We must strongly condemn these attacks and pray for our soldiers.

The terrorists have no respect for human life. They are very bad, disgust, unpleasant, despicable, cruel, vicious, sinful, atrocious, inhuman and barbaric people.

My sincere condolence goes out to the victims of all these terror attacks, where innocent people have been killed by these wicked people, murderers and blood suckers.

I am profoundly saddened by the loss of life and indiscriminate murder of our gallant soldiers and all innocent people. This criminal barbarity is Godlessness. Terrorism has no faith and cannot be condoned by any means, rationale or ideology. We must commit to each other to defeat it. Godless cowards attack unarmed, randomly selected, innocent people. Terrorists are sinful, immoral and barbaric criminals. It is displeasing to hear the media call the like of: ISIS, Al-Shabab, Al-Qa’idah, Taliban, Boko Haram, Ansaru etc, Sunni or Islamic Jihadists. Neither are their actions from the Sunnah nor Islamically considered Jihad.

My thoughts and prayers are with the innocent victims, their families and their communities.

I ask Allah, the Lord of the worlds, to bring justice to these horrific situations, to recompense those who committed these murders with what they deserve, to bring those still at large to justice, and to rid the earth of these evil, treacherous, murderous lunatics, who do nothing but bring harm and corruption to the world.

O Allah, be with our brave soldiers as they fight against terror. Match forward o defenders of our nation, we are proudly behind you. Do not be scared, be courageous like a lion, be strong and stand for what is right, no matter how the challenges. Do not be scared. Be courageous and watch Nigeria begin the revival process, watch Nigeria rescued, and watch Nigeria being restored. We shall not be cowed; our humanity shall trump, outrank and defeat their terror by the Grace of the Almighty Allah.

My heart, thoughts and prayers goes to the entire people of Nigeria, to our gallant troops, and all the victims of terror and the victims of injustice any where they are. Be assured that terror will be defeated; terrorism will not win In shaa Allah!

Dear Brothers and Sisters! Bear in mind that you are asked to offer prayer and a greeting upon our most Noble Prophet Muhammad (Peace be upon him), for Allah says:

“Indeed, Allah and His angels sends blessing upon the Prophet. O you who have believed, ask [Allah to confer] blessing upon him and ask [Allah to grant him] peace.” [Surah Al-Ahzab, 56]

On the same matter, the Prophet (Peace be upon him) said:

“For everyone who invokes a blessing on me will receive ten blessings from Allah.”

He also said:

“Nothing turns back the Decree except supplication.”

May the peace and blessings of Allah be upon our Master, Muhammad (Peace be upon him), his family, and all his Companions. May Allah be pleased with the Rightly Guided Caliphs:
Abu Bakr, Umar, Uthman and Ali and all those who will follow them in righteousness till the Day of Judgment.

May Allah grant success to our Armed Forces and add strength to their strength. May Allah reward them abundantly, for the work they are rendering to their nation.

O Allah, we implore You at this instant not to let a sin unforgiven, a distress unrelieved, an illness unhealed or a handicapped without relief, a dead without mercy or a debt unsettled. Our Lord, give us in this world that which is good and in the Hereafter that which is good, and save us from the torment of the Hellfire.

May Allah help us succeed in these blessed days in every work we do to please you, O Lord of the Worlds.

O Allah, may we ask You to help us with what get us closer to Paradise and furthers us from Hellfire. O Allah we seek Your grace to admit us, our parents, our leaders and whoever has done a favour to us and all Muslims to Your Paradise.

O Allah forgive all the Muslims, men and women living and dead, and make blessings follow us and them.

We pray to Allah, the Most Gracious, to preserve and protect Nigerians from all temptations, both apparent and hidden, and continue blessing our nation and all countries with safety and security.

O Allah, make this our gathering one of compassion, and our dispersion after it one that is infallible.

O Allah, do not let anyone amongst us deprived, desperate or unhappy. O Merciful One grants us Your Mercy, Ameen.

O Servants of Allah! Remember Allah and He will remember you. Be grateful for His benevolence and He will increase His blessings to you. Allah, the Most High, says:

“And establish prayer. Indeed, prayer prohibits immorality and wrongdoings, and the remembrance of Allah is greater. And Allah knows that which you do.” [Surah Al-Ankabut, 45]

All praise is due to Allah, Lord of the worlds. May the peace, blessings and salutations of Allah be upon our Noble Messenger, Muhammad, and upon his family, his Companions and his true and sincere followers.

Your Brother: Imam Murtadha Muhammad Gusau, from Okene, Kogi State, Nigeria. He can be reached via: gusaumurtada@gmail.com or +2348038289761.

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Friday Sermon: Prince Salman Can’t Stop Makkah, Madinah From Being The Most Sacred Places In Islam, By Imam Gusau

In The Name Of Allah, The Most Gracious, The Most Merciful

All perfect praise be to Allah, The Lord of the Worlds. I testify that there is none worthy of worship except Allah, and that Muhammad is His Servant and Messenger.

Dear Brothers and Sisters! When a person contemplates the state of people who are trapped in forbidden lusts and those who pursue the satisfaction of their instincts and desires, you will find that they share a common factor, which is evident in their every movement and moment of repose, and which is reflected in their facial features: a weak connection with Allah.

How can a heart which is connected to Allah, a heart that knows Him and has tasted the pleasure of being close to Him, find pleasure or comfort in hating, attacking and insulting Makkah and Madinah, the sacred places loved by Allah and His Messenger, because of some activities of the crown Prince of Saudi Arabia, Muhammed Bin Salman Al Saud? Thus, everyone who has fallen into one of the sins related to following desires, or returned to it after repentance and abandoning it, has been dragged to this state due to the weakness of his faith. Weak faith facilitates the way to his soul which is a persistent enjoiner of evil, as well as to the accursed Shaytan, and thus he was trapped in the swamps of worshiping his desire after being firm for a long time in the gardens of faith.

Sincere faith in Allah is the shield against falling into prohibitions, second only, of course, to the guidance of Allah.

Thus, when faith inhabits the heart, dominates the feelings, and flows to the organs to lead them to the pleasure of Allah, the person will not dare to think of committing an act of disobedience. The eye will not dare to look at what is prohibited, nor will any part of the body dare to disobey the commands of Allah. Building faith in the heart is not easy; however, the one who insists on knocking on the door will be let in eventually.

Respected Servants of Allah! This is a modest attempt to help you on your way to strong faith, which destroys the desire that may have humiliated you and caused you to suffer one calamity after another. Please my dear friend, I advise you, don’t be among those who have evil intentions about Makkah and Madinah. They are the places loved by Allah the Almighty and His Messenger (Peace be upon him).

My people! If you can remember, the crown prince Muhammed Bin Salman Al Saud (MBS) has called for more entertainment options in the kingdom for both families and youth. His cabinet passed regulation to reduce the power of the religious police and religious leaders, and an entertainment authority was established in May 2016.

In his attempt to override Islamic tradition, he engaged younger Saudi Muslim scholars who are active on social media and better known among Saudi youth, as opposed to the kingdom’s council of senior scholars who set official religious policy and often release religious opinions.

In December 2017, he lifted a 35-year ban on cinemas and allow films to be screened as early as next year.

The Saudi Ministry of Culture and Information approved licences for those wishing to open cinemas in the kingdom.

Awwad bin Saleh al-Awwad, the Saudi culture minister, confirmed the report in a statement as reported.

Saudi Arabia placed a complete ban on cinemas in the early 1980s. Now the first cinemas are expected to open in March 2018.

The decision to reopen comes amid a series of reforms introduced by Crown Prince Mohammed Bin Salman Al Saud as part of the so-called government’s Vision 2030 plan to revitalise and diversify Saudi Arabia’s oil-dependent economy.

Dear Servants of Allah! Shaikh Muhammad Salih Ibn Uthaimin (rahimahullah) said:

“There is not in the world a land that is sacred except these two Sacred Sites: The Haram of Makkah, and the Haram of Madinah. As for what is said by some: “Haram of Al-Aqsa” and “Ibrahim’s Haram”, then this is not correct and has no evidence to support it.”
[See Ash-Sharh al-Mumti, vol. 7 page 215]

From the places of virtue that Allah has extolled and mentioned their excellence to the exclusion of others is the city of Makkah: the place of safety and security, the place where revelation to the Prophet Muhammad (Peace be upon him) began, and from where he was appointed as the Messenger to mankind. It is the city which Allah swears by in the Qur’an:

“I swear by this city, Makkah – And you, [O Muhammad], are free of restriction in this city.” [Surah Al-Balad: 1-2]

Imam Ibn Kathir (rahimahullah) said:

“This is an oath of Allah (the Most High) by Makkah “Umm al-Qura” (the mother of all towns), due to the fact that living in it puts one in a state that indicates the greatness of the city itself wherein the people are in a state of Ihram, living in a sanctity. Allah sated:

“And by this city of security (Makkah).” [Surah At-Tin: 3]

* Narrations That Show The Excellence Of Makkah And Its Sacredness:

1. Within Makkah is the Ancient House (Al-Bayt Al-Atiq) for the worship of Allah alone. It was the first place of monotheistic worship built for mankind. Allah sated:

“Verily, the first House of worship appointed for mankind was that at Bakkah (Makkah), full of blessing, and a guidance for all of creation.”
[Surah Ali Imran: 96]

Imam Bukhari and Imam Muslim report in the two Sahih collections from Abu Zar (RA) that he said:

“I asked the Messenger of Allah (Peace be upon him) regarding the first Masjid that was made in the world?” So he said: “The Masjid al-Haram.” I asked: “Then which one after that?” He said: “Masjid al-Aqsa.” I asked: “What was the time period between them?” He replied: “Forty years.”

Imam Ibnul-Qayyim (rahimahullah) said:

“This hadith is difficult to comprehend for those who do not know its intent, a person may say: “It is known that Prophet Sulaiman Ibn Dawud (AS) was the one who built Masjid al-Aqsa and there was between him and Ibrahim over a thousand year gap.” So this shows the ignorance of such a person. That is because Sulaiman (AS) merely rebuilt and renovated the Masjid al-Aqsa – he did not establish it or build it in the first place. Rather the one who originally built it was Ya’qub Ibn Is-haq (AS), and that was after Ibrahim (AS) built the Ka’abah at Makkah.” [See Zad al-Ma’ad, vol. 1 page 50]

2. Allah made it a Haram (a sanctity) wherein it is not permitted to shed blood; not permitted to cut a tree; not permitted to chase or scare game animals; not permitted to cut shrubs; it is not permitted to pick up a lost item not belonging to you except with the intent of announcing that one has found it, seeking its owner.

Imam Bukhari and Imam Muslim reported in the two Sahihs from the Hadith of Abu Shuraih (RA) that Allah’s Messenger (Peace be upon him) said:

“Allah made Makkah a sanctity and it was not the people who did that. So it is not permitted for a person who believes in Allah and the Last Day to spill blood therein [i.e. kill another person] or to cut down a tree. If anybody argues that fighting is allowed in Makkah as Allah’s Messenger did fight in Makkah. Tell them that Allah gave permission to His Messenger, but He did not give it to you. Allah allowed it for me only for a few hours on that one day [of the conquest] – and today its sanctity is the same as it was before. So let the one who is present convey that to the one who is absent.”

3. That which is narrated concerning the virtue of praying in the Masjid al-Haram.

Imam Ahmad reported with an authentic chain of narration in his Musnad from the Hadith of Jabir (RA) that the Prophet (Peace be upon him) said:

“The prayer in this Masjid of mine [in Madinah] is more excellent than a 1000 prayers in any other place except for the Masjid al-Haram [in Makkah], for the prayer in the Masjid al-Haram is 100,000 times more excellent.”

The people of knowledge have looked into whether this manifold increase in virtue applies to the whole of the sacred area (al-Haram) or only the Masjid al-Haram surrounding the Ka’abah.

The first issue is: The Hadith previously mentioned stated: “The prayer in the Masjid al-Haram is 100,000 times more excellent.” The texts of the Qur’an and Sunnah which mention “Al-Masjid Al-Haram” intend by its usage the whole of the Haram area. For example the saying of Allah the Most High:

“This is for him whose family is not present at Al-Masjid al-Haram (i.e. non-resident of Makkah)..” [Surah Al-Baqarah, 2:196]

And His saying:

“Glorified and Exalted be He above all that they associate with Him, Who took His slave (Muhammad) for a journey by night from Al-Masjid al-Haram (at Makkah) to the farthest Mosque (in Jerusalem).” [Surah Al-Isra: 1]

On that night he was taken from the house of the Companion Umm Hani (RA), yet Allah still referred to it as “Al-Masjid Al-Haram”, i.e. that the term refers to the sacred area and not only to the Mosque. There are also proofs from the Sunnah: When the Messenger (Peace be upon him) was at Al-Hudaibiyah (a place between Makkah and Madinah), and it was time to pray, he entered the Haram (Sacred) area and prayed. [Reported by Ahmad in al-Musnad, with a good chain of narration].

The second issue is that there are narrations from the Salaf (Pious predecessors) that show that the reward of all of the deeds is multiplied in the area of the Haram, acting in that regard upon the saying of Allah the Most High:

“And whoever inclines to evil actions therein (in the Haram area) or to do wrong, him We shall cause to taste a painful torment.” [Surah Al-Hajj: 25]

The tremendous nature of the sacredness of the Haram and the strong forbiddance of committing evil indicates likewise its immense virtue for the one doing righteous actions. And the affair has a detailed study connected to it.

4. Allah has informed us that Makkah is Umm al-Qura as occurs in His saying:

“And thus We have inspired unto you (O Muhammad) a Quran in Arabic that you may warn the Mother of the Towns (Makkah) and all those around it.” [Surah Ash-Shura: 7]

So in Islam, all the towns, villages, cities and countries follow on from it and are branches of it.

5. It is the Qiblah (direction of prayer) for all the people of the earth, and there is no Qiblah in the world besides it. Allah said:

“And from wherever you go out [for prayer], turn your face toward al-Masjid al-Haram.” [Surah Al-Baqarah, 2:150]

Bukhari and Muslim reported in the two Sahihs from the Hadith of Usamah Ibn Zaid and Ibn Abbas (RA) that Allah’s Messenger (Peace be upon him) exited his house and offered two raka’ahs in prayer facing the Ka’abah, and then said: “This is the Qiblah.”

6. There is safety for the one who enters the Haram. Allah said:

“…whosoever enters it, he attains security. [Surah Ali Imran: 97]

So this is either informing us of the reality of the affair alongside the impossibility of there being any contradiction in the sayings of Allah. Or it is information regarding the legislation (Shari’ah) of Allah and His Religion concerning its sacredness. Or it is informing us of an affair and a covenant that is continuous concerning its sacredness in the times of pre-Islamic ignorance (Jahiliyyah) through to Islam, just as Allah has said:

“Have they not seen that We have made (Makkah) a sanctuary secure, and that men are being snatched away from all around them? Then do they believe in falsehood, and deny (become ingrate for) the Graces of Allah?” [Surah Al-Ankabut, 67]

“And they say: “If we follow the guidance with you, we would be snatched away from our land.” Have We not established for them a secure sanctuary (Makkah), to which are brought fruits of all kinds…” [Surah Al-Qasas: 57] [See Zad al-Ma’ad, vol. 3 page 445]

7. That it is forbidden to face it and turn one’s back to it whilst relieving oneself.

Bukhari and Muslim report from the Hadith of Abu Ayyub al-Ansari (RA) that Allah’s Messenger (Peace be upon him) said:

“When you defecate, do not face the Qiblah, and do not turn your back to it – neither when defecating nor when urinating. Rather turn to the East or the West.”

8. Allah chose it for the Rites of Hajj, and he made travelling to it an act of worship – for which a person is raised in rank and his sins are wiped away, as there occurs in Bukhari and Muslim from the Hadith of Abu Hurairah (RA) that Allah’s Messenger (Peace be upon him) said:

“Whoever performs Hajj for Allah alone and keeps away from sexual acts and from sin, he return home like it was the day that his mother gave birth to him.”

9. Makkah is the best place on earth and the most beloved to Allah and His Messenger (Peace be upon him).

At-Tirmidhi authentically reports in his Sunan from Abdullah Ibn Adiy (RA) that Allah’s Messenger (Peace be upon him) said whilst addressing Makkah:

“By Allah! You are best of the lands of Allah, and the best land of Allah to Allah! And were it not for the fact that I was expelled from you, I would never have left you.”

Tirmidhi also reports from Ibn Abbas (RA) that Allah’s Messenger (Peace be upon him) said to the land of Makkah:

“There is no finer place than you, no place more beloved to me! And were it not for the fact that your people expelled me from you, I would not have lived elsewhere.”

11. It is the place from where Allah took His Prophet into the Heavens on the night of the Journey. Allah the Most High said:

“Glorified and Exalted be He above all that they associate with Him who took His slave for a journey by night from Al-Masjid al-Haram (at Makkah) to the farthest Mosque (in Jerusalem), the neighbourhood whereof We have blessed, in order that We might show him of Our signs. Verily, He is the All-Hearer, the All-Seer.” [Surah Al-Isra: 1]

12. It is not permitted to embark upon a religious journey except to three Mosques, the Masjid al-Haram being one of them.

Imam Bukhari and Imam Muslim report from Abu Hurairah (RA) that Allah’s Messenger (Peace be upon him) said:

“Do not embark upon a [religious] journey except to three Mosques: Al-Masjid Al-Haram (Makkah), the Mosque of the Messenger (in Madinah) and the Masjid al-Aqsa (in Jerusalem).”

13. Allah, the Mighty and Majestic, connected the Sacred House in Makkah to Himself specifically:

“…and purify My House for those who perform Tawaf…” [Surah Al-Hajj: 27]

This connection is particular and specific due to the sacredness that Allah has endowed the Ka’abah with, and the honour He has given to Makkah, and His love for it. This singularly is sufficient honour for this city and the Grand Mosque.

14. Allah has attached the hearts of people to His Sacred House, the Grand Mosque. He made it a place of constant returning for them:

“And [mention] when We made the House a place of return for the people and [a place of] security…” [Surah Al-Baqarah: 125]

It is such that the heart keeps desiring to return to it over and over. And as the centuries have gone by, the numbers desiring to visit it has only increased. And the more one visits it, the more one is pulled by his soul to visit it again.

Look at how the people spend their halal wealth, leave behind their businesses, their homes and families because their hearts are drawn to this blessed place. They care not what it costs, because the visitation of the House of Allah for Hajj and Umrah only wipes away poverty and sins just as the furnace purifies gold, silver and iron from its impurities.

May Allah the Most Generous, the Compassionate continue to give us the opportunity to love, respect and visit the Masjid al-Haram for the purpose of worshipping Him alone and earning His reward. Ameen.

* The Virtues Of Madinah

Dear Brothers and Sisters! Indeed the Madinah of Allah’s Messenger is the most pleasant of places, it is Taybah, it is the returning place and sanctuary of Iman, it is the home of the Muhajirun and the Ansar, it is the place where the trustworthy Angel Jibril descended upon the Prophet (Peace be upon him) with the Revelation (Wahy).

Allah has honoured the blessed city of Madinah, He has given it excellence over all of the cities after Makkah. There are many narrations that mention its excellence, its virtues, its sanctity and its status – and how the Messenger of Allah (Peace be upon him) would supplicate for it and inform his Companions regarding it.

* From Its Virtues:

1. Allah, the Most High, made it a sacred sanctuary.

Imam Muslim reports in his Sahih from Abu Sa’id al-Khudri that Allah’s Messenger (Peace be upon him) said:

“O Allah! Indeed Ibrahim designated Makkah sacred and made it a sanctuary. I declare Madinah sacred – the area between its two mountains is a sanctuary. No blood is to be shed therein, and no weapon is to be carried therein for the purpose of fighting – and the leaves are not to be shaken from their trees, except for fodder.”

The sanctity of Madinah runs between the two lava plains from east to west, and between Mount Ayr (to the south) to Mount Thawr (to the north).

Imam Muslim reports in his Sahih from Ali Ibn Abi Talib (RA) that Allah’s Messenger (Peace be upon him) said:

“Madinah is sacred and a sanctuary between Ayr and Thawr, so whoever introduces an innovation or gives refuge to an innovator, then upon him is the curse of Allah, the Angels and the whole of mankind.”

And from Abu Hurayrah (RA) that Allah’s Messenger (Peace be upon him) said:

“Whatever is between its two lava plains is a sanctuary.”

The lava plains refers to the place where there are black rocks in the east and west of the city.

2. The Prophet (Peace be upon him) named the city as Taibah and Tabah.

Imam Muslim reports from Fatimah Bint Qays (RA) in the Hadith of Al-Jassasah wherein the Prophet (Peace be upon him) said:

“This is Taibah, this is Taibah, meaning al-Madinah.”

And in the narration of Al-Bukhari:

“This is Tabah.”

Imam Ibn Hajr stated that it is said by the scholars that it (i.e. Taibah and Tabah) means that its soil is fine, and its air is good – indeed there emanates from its soil and walls a pleasant fragrance that is not found elsewhere. [See Fathul-Bari, vol. 4 page 89]

3. Iman (Faith) will return and gather back into Madinah.

Imam Bukhari and Imam Muslim report from Abu Hurairah that Allah’s Messenger (Peace be upon him) said:

“Surely Iman will return to Madinah just as a snake returns back to its hole.”

4. The one who bears some of the harsh and difficult conditions of Madinah, then such a person is promised a tremendous reward.

Imam Muslim reports from Abu Sa’id, the freed slave of Al-Mahri, that he experienced distress and hardship in Madinah as well as high prices. So he came to Abu Sa’id al-Khudri and he said to him: “I have many dependants and we are feeling the hardships, so I wish to move my family to a rural farming area.” Abu Sa’id said: Woe to you! I advise you not to do that. I heard Allah’s Messenger (Peace be upon him) say:

“No one bears its hardships with patience and then dies except that I will be an intercessor for him (or a witness) on the Day of Resurrection so long as he was a Muslim.”

Also in Sahih Muslim from Abu Hurairah (RA) that Allah’s Messenger (Peace be upon him) said:

“A time will come when a man will call to his paternal cousin and his relatives saying: ‘Come to a life of ease! Come to a life of ease!’ But Madinah is better for them, if only they but knew! By the One in whose Hand is my soul, no one departs from Madinah out of dislike for it except that Allah will replace him with one who is better than him.”

The scholars such as Imam Ibn Hajr (rahimahullah) explained that living in Madinah is better for them because the Messenger made it a sacred sanctuary, and it is the place of Revelation, a place where blessings descend – so if only they knew what it means to settle in Madinah due to its religious benefits that are underestimated by people in exchange for immediate hidden good fortune that is found by living in other cities.

5. Al-Bukhari and Muslim report that Abu Hurairah (RA) said that the Prophet (Peace be upon him) stated:

“I have been commanded to go to a town which supersedes all other towns. They say: ‘It is [called] Yathrib’ but it is Madinah. It purifies the people just as the bellows eliminate the impurities of iron.”

The scholars such as Imam Al-Baghawi in Sharhus-Sunnah have stated that it supersedes [or consumes] means that Allah will aid Islam by way of the people of Madinah and that the townships are conquered by them and the bounties are brought back and consumed by them.

6. From the virtues of Madinah is the supplication of the Prophet (Peace be upon him) for it to be blessed.

Imam Muslim reports from Abu Sa’id al-Khudri that Allah’s Messenger (Peace be upon him) said:

“O Allah, bless us in our Madinah. O Allah, bless us in our Sa’i (a measure of four cupped handfuls). O Allah, bless us in our Mudd (a measure of single cupped handful). And to each blessing add two more. By the One in whose Hand is my soul, there is no mountain pass nor road around Madinah but there are two Angels standing guard over it until you return back to it.”

7. Neither plague nor the Dajjal will enter Madinah.

Imam Bukhari and Imam Muslim report from Abu Hurairah (RA) that Allah’s Messenger (Peace be upon him) said:

“On the roads into Madinah there are Angels so that neither plague nor the Dajjal can enter it.”

8. In Madinah there is the Prophet’s Masjid – it is from those Mosques to which one is permitted to travel for religious purpose.

Imam Bukhari and Imam Muslim report from Abu Hurairah that Allah’s Messenger (Peace be upon him) said:

“No journey should be undertaken to visit any Masjid except three: The Masjid Al-Haram [in Makkah], this Masjid of mine, and Al-Masjid Al-Aqsa.”

Prayer in the Prophet’s Mosque receives a manifold increase in reward.

Imam Bukhari and Imam Muslim report from Abu Hurairah (RA) that the Prophet (Peace be upon him) said:

“The prayer in this Masjid of mine is better than a thousand prayers in any other Masjid except for the Masjid Al-Haram [in Makkah].”

9. In Madinah there is Masjid Qubah and praying in it equates to an Umrah!

Imam Ahmad (rahimahullah) narrated in his Musnad from Sahl Ibn Hanif that Allah’s Messenger (Peace be upon him) said:

“Whoever leaves out until he reaches this Masjid, meaning Masjid Qubah, and he prayers inside it, then it is like performing an Umrah.”

10. In the Prophet’s Masjid there is the honourable Garden (Ar-Rawdah).

Imam Bukhari and Imam Muslim report from Abu Hurairah that the Prophet (Peace be upon him) said:

“Whatever is between my house and my pulpit is a garden from the Gardens of Paradise, and my pulpit is over my lake.”

Imam Ibn Hajr stated that this is yet another encouragement to live in Madinah – and his (Peace be upon him) saying: “A garden from the Gardens of Paradise” means that there descends upon it mercy, and happiness, and if one was to pray there it is as if he has prayed in a Garden of Paradise. Or it could mean that it is a real garden that will be transferred in the Hereafter into Paradise.

11. In Madinah there is the Mountain of Uhud.

Imam Bukhari and Imam Muslim report from Abu Humaid (RA) that he said: We returned with the Prophet (Peace be upon him) from the Battle of Tabuk until we reached Madinah, and the Prophet (Peace be upon him) said:

“This is Tabah and this is Uhud – It is a mountain that loves us, and we love it.”

12. There is in Madinah the Valley of Al-Aqiq.

Imam Bukhari reports from Umar Ibn al-Khattab (RA) that Allah’s Messenger (Peace be upon him) said:

“Tonight there came to me a messenger Angel from my Lord. He said: ‘Pray in this blessed valley, and say: Umratan fi Hajjatin (i.e. the talbiyah for Umrah and Hajj).’”

13. From Madinah we get the blessed Ajwah date.

Imam Bukhari and Imam Muslim report from Sa’id that Allah’s Messenger (Peace be upon him) said:

“Whoever eats seven Ajwah dates in the morning, then he will not be harmed by poison or magic on that day.”

14. Madinah purifies itself from filth.

Imam Bukhari and Imam Muslim report from Jabir Ibn Abdillah that a Bedouin pledged allegiance to the Prophet (Peace be upon him) then the Bedouin suffered a severe fever in Madinah. He came to the Prophet and said: “O Muhammad cancel my oath of allegiance.” But the Prophet refused. He went away, came back and repeated his request and the Prophet refused again. He did that three or four times. After that the Bedouin himself left Madinah on his own accord. So the Prophet (Peace be upon him) said:

“Madinah is like bellows, it eliminates its filth and impurities and it purifies what is good.”

15. Whoever wishes harm and evil upon the people of Madinah, Allah will destroys him.

Imam Bukhari and Imam Muslim report from Sa’ad Ibn Abi Waqqas (RA) that Allah’s Messenger (Peace be upon him) said:

“Whoever intends to do harm [or wishes ill] to the people of Madinah, Allah will cause him to melt like salt dissolving in water.”

And in a narration of Imam Muslim:

“…except that Allah will melt him in the Fire like lead, or like salt dissolving in water.”

And in a narration reported by Imam Ahmad in the Musnad:

“Whoever scares the people of Madinah oppressively, then Allah scares him – upon him is the curse of Allah, the Angels and all of humankind – and on the Day of Resurrection, Allah will not accept from him any payment nor compensation.”

16. Our beloved Prophet (Peace be upon him) lived there and died there as did many of his wives and Companions. Buried next to him in the residence of Aishah (RA) are his two closest and trusted Companions, the two Caliphs, Abu Bakr and Umar (RA). It is NOT legislated for anyone to embark upon a journey to only visit the graves of Prophets nor the righteous – this is proven by the Hadith already stated above:

“No journey should be undertaken to visit any Masjid except three: The Masjid Al-Haram [in Makkah], this Masjid of mine, and Al-Masjid Al-Aqsa.”

And visiting the Prophet’s Mosque is not from the obligations of Hajj or Umrah. However, if one is in Madinah, then it is legislated to attend the funerals and to visit the graveyards so that one is reminded of death and may supplicate for the deceased. In this regard, one may also visit the grave of the Prophet and his two Companions to give them salutations, just as Ibn Umar (RA) would do:

“Assalamu alaika Ya Rasulallah. Assalamu alaika Ya Aba Bakr. Assalamu alaika Ya Abati (O my father).”

Then he would leave.

So a visitor today would say:

“Assalamu alaika Ya Rasulallah. Assalamu alaika Ya Aba Bakr. Assalamu alaika Ya Umar.”

And leave without lingering.

[See Manasik al-Hajj wal-Umrah of Shaykh Ibn Uthaimin]

Again Shaykh Ibn Uthaimin (rahimahullah) said:

“It is not allowed to stand for a long time in front of the grave of the Prophet (Peace be upon him) making Du’a (supplication) or at the graves of his two Companions. Imam Malik (rahimahullah) used to hate for that to done saying: ‘It is a bid’ah that was not practiced by the Salaf – and the latter part of this Ummah will not be rectified except by that which rectified its first part.’” [See Manasik al-Hajj wal-Umrah of Ibn Uthaimin, page 144]

Imam Ibn Taymiyyah (rahimahullah) said:

“Imam Malik would hate for the the people of Madinah that every time anyone entered the Prophet’s Mosque that he would go to the grave of the Prophet (Peace be upon him), because the Salaf would not do that. Rather they would come to the Masjid and they would pray in it behind Abu Bakr, Umar, Uthman and Ali (RA) – and each would utter in his prayer (in the Tashahhud): Assalamu alaika ayyuhan-Nabiyy wa rahmatullah wa barakatuhu,’ (i.e. peace be upon you, O Prophet, and the Mercy of Allah and His Blessings). Then once the prayer had finished, they would stand or leave – and they would not head to the grave of the Prophet (Peace be upon him) to give him salutations of Salam. This was due to their knowledge that the salutations, peace, the mention and prayers upon him in their Daily Prayer [in the tashahhud] was better and more excellent.” [See Manasik al-Hajj wal-Umrah of Ibn Uthaimin, page 144]

And if that is the case with the Salam and Salutations, then how much greater in travesty and calamity is the case of the one who stands by the grave of the Prophet (Peace be upon him) holding conversations with him, seeking his assistance and his succour!Seeking help, rescue, cure and other such matters from the Messenger of Allah (Peace be upon him) is major polytheism (shirk) that exits one from the fold of Islam. Wal iyazu billah!

It is also not permitted to go to any grave and supplicate to Allah for one’s own needs thinking that being in the presence of a grave is a nearness to Allah [even if it be the grave of the Prophet (Peace be upon him)] making it more likely for his supplication being accepted.
As for the oft-quoted fables and “Hadith” such as:

1. “Whoever performs Hajj and does not visit me, then verily he has shunned me.” Then this Hadith is weak at best, though in reality it is fabricated and a lie. In it there are narrators who are very weak, and others unknown as stated by Ad-Daruqutni, Al-Bazzar and Al-Bayhaqi. [See Fatawa tata’alaq bi-Ahkamil-Hajj wal-Umrah waz-Ziyarah min Ijabah of Shaykh Ibn Baz (rahimahullah), page 147-149]

2. “Whoever visits me after my death, it is as if he has visited me during my lifetime.” [Collected by Ad-Daruqutni, Abu Ya’ala in his Musnad, and Ibn Adiy in Al-Kamil] There is in the chain of narration weak and unknown narrators. So the narration cannot be attributed to the Prophet (Peace be upon him). [See Fatawa tata’alaq bi-Ahkamil-Hajj wal-Umrah waz-Ziyarah min Ijabah of Shaykh Ibn Baz (rahimahullah), page 147-149]

The Prophet (Peace be upon him) himself forbade rituals and ceremonies at his grave saying in an authentic Hadith:

“Do not take my grave as a place of rituals or festivities, neither turn your homes into graves. And send upon me your Salutations of Salam, for it will be carried to me from wherever you may be.” [Reported by Muhammad Ibn Abdul-Wahid al-Maqdisi in Al-Mukhtarah]

As for the Hadith:

“Whoever prays forty prayers [in the Prophet’s Mosque] then freedom from Hellfire will be written for him and freedom from hypocrisy.”

Shaykh Ibn Baz (rahimahullah) said:

“This narration is weak as far the scholars of Hadith verification have stated, and thus it cannot be used as a proof or relied upon.”

Respected Brothers and Sisters! I ask Allah to assist us in living by the Quran and Sunnah. I pray He lets us recognise the truth for what it is and helps us to follow it, and that He lets us see falsehood for what it is and helps us to avoid it.

O Allah! Guide us and protect us from the causes of ignorance and destruction! Save us from the defects of ourselves! Cause the last of our deeds to be the best and most righteous! And forgive all of us.

Dear Brothers and Sisters! Anything good I have said in my today’s Sermon is from Allah the Almighty, and any mistakes are my own and we seek refuge in Allah from giving wrong advice and from all forms of calamities and fitnah. And I ask Allah’s forgiveness if I stepped beyond bounds in anything I said or I do.

May Allah be praised; and may the peace and blessings of Allah be upon His Messenger Muhammad and upon his family and Companions.

With this I conclude my Sermon and ask Allah, the Almighty and the Sublime, to forgive all of our sins. So seek his forgiveness, He is all forgiving and Most Merciful.

This Jumu’ah Khutbah (Friday Sermon) was prepared for delivery today, Friday, Sha’aban 3, 1439 AH (April 20, 2018), by Imam Murtadha Muhammad Gusau, the Chief Imam of Nagazi-Uvete Jumu’ah and late Alhaji Abdurrahman Okene’s Mosques, Okene Kogi State, Nigeria. He can be reached via: gusaumurtada@gmail.com or +2348038289761.

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The Descriptions Of Real Men In Islam And Christianity, By Imam Gusau

In The Name Of Allah, The Most Gracious, The Most Merciful

All praise is due to Allah, the Cherisher and Nourisher (Rabb) of the entire universe; the felicity of the hereafter is for those who fear Him. I bear witness that there is no deity worthy of worship except Him. He is without partner, the object of worship of all the fore-runners and those gone-by. He maintains and administers the heavens and  earth.

I further bear testimony to the fact that Muhammad (Peace be upon him) is His Messenger, His beloved and the custodian of His Revelation. Almighty Allah had sent him as the Messenger of good tidings and warner to all of humanity. He has been sent as the caller towards Allah, a shining and bright lamp shedding light. Allah’s blessings be upon His Messenger (Peace be upon him), his progeny, his Companions, who followed him in his mission of inviting the people towards Allah, remained steadfast therein, and offered sacrifices for the same, till Allah, the Almighty gave supremacy to His religion through them and gave eminence to His Kalimah – in spite of the disliking of the polytheists. Countless salutations – Peace and blessings be upon the Noble Prophet (Peace be upon him).

* The Real Men In Islam

Dear Brothers and Sisters! With a variety of modern ideologies, philosophies, and religions competing to define what it means to be a ‘man,’ it is ever more critically important for Muslim men to understand masculinity as it was understood by the righteous predecessors (Salaf as-Salih). Unlike theories of masculinity that promote the ‘alpha male’ as dominating other men and women, masculinity in Islam is for a man to fulfill the good character traits and dignified manners taught by the religion as a whole.

Dear Servants of Allah! A true Muslim man is just, kind, compassionate, forgiving, responsible, hard-working, humble, patient, forbearing, truthful, trustworthy, courageous, soft-hearted, honouring women, controlling his lower desires and impulses, fulfilling the needs of others before himself, continually refining his intellect, improving his character, seeking knowledge as a life-long learner, avoiding undignified behaviour and sinful deeds, and emulating the character of Prophet (Peace be upon him) and his righteous followers to the best of his ability.

The Islamic concept of masculinity, manhood, or ‘manliness’ (al-muru’ah) can be summarized by the broad ethical injunctions of the Quran and Sunnah. Ibn Marzuban reported that:

“Ali Ibn Abi Talib, may Allah be pleased with him, passed by some people who were talking. Ali said, “What are you doing?” They said, “We are discussing manhood.” Then Ali said: Has not Allah Almighty sufficed you in His book wherein He said, ‘Verily, Allah commands justice and excellence,’ (Quran, 16:90)? Justice is to have a sense of fairness and excellence is to prefer others to yourself. What remains of manhood after this?” [See al-Muru’ah, vol. 1 page 97]

Men ought to view themselves as composed of a mind, body, and soul, and to consistently work to improve each dimension of their being, especially their inner-character. Imam Al-Mawardi reported that:

“Umar Ibn Al-Khattab, may Allah be pleased with him, said: The foundation of a man is his intellect, his honour is in his religion, and his manhood is in his character.” [See Adab al-Dunya wad-Din, page 17]

The righteous predecessors (Salaf as-Salih) understood manhood to be comprehensive of all religious virtues in Islam. Amru Ibn Ubayd reported that:

“It was said to Hasan al-Basri, may Allah have mercy on him, “What is manhood?” Hasan said: It is the religion.” [See al-Muru’ah, page 64]

And Hasan said:

“Verily, there is no religion for one without manhood.” [See al-Muru’ah, page 19]

Ibn Marzuban devoted an entire book to manhood, in which he compiled and documented the sayings of the righteous predecessors (Salaf as-Salih) on the meaning of being a man. The many shades of meaning they attributed to the word ‘manhood’ in classical Arabic are summarized in Lane’s Lexicon as follows:

“Manly perfection, consisting in abstinence from things unlawful, or in chastity of manners, and having some art or trade, or in abstaining from doing secretly what one would be ashamed to do openly, or in the habit of doing what is approved, and shunning what is held base, or in preserving the soul from filthy actions, and what disgraces it in the estimation of men, or in good manners, and guarding the tongue, and shunning impudence, or in a quality of the mind by preserving which a man is made to preserve in good manners and habits, or manly virtue or moral goodness.” [See Lane’s Lexicon vol. 2 page 2702]

Dear Brothers and Sisters! One of the most important characteristics of a true Muslim man is the ability to forgive others even when the opportunity for revenge is available. This quality of compassion stands diametrically opposed to false belief of the ‘alpha male’ as domineering and vengeful. Ibn Marzuban reported that:

“It was said to Sufyan Ibn Uyaynah, may Allah have mercy on him, “All things are derived from the Quran, so where is manhood in it?” Sufyan said: In the saying of Allah Almighty, ‘Show forgiveness, enjoin good, and turn away from the ignorant,’ (Quran, 7:199). In this is manhood.” [See al-Muru’ah, vol. 1 page 133]

Al-Mada’ini reported that:

“It was said to Ahnaf Ibn Qais, may Allah have mercy on him, “What is manhood?” Ahnaf said: Forbearance at a time of anger and forgiveness at a time of power.” [See al-Muru’ah, page 64]

Abdullah Ibn Shumait reported that:

“Ayyub al-Sakhtiyani, may Allah have mercy on him, said: A man will not hit the mark, nor fulfill his manhood, until he has two characteristics: Forgiving people and overlooking their faults.” [See al-Muru’ah, page 106]

Respected Servants of Allah! A true Muslim man should be kind towards people and love for them the same as he loves for himself. He should give off a friendly and non-threatening aura, while also putting the needs of others over himself. Ahmad Ibn Jamil reported that:

“Muhammad Ibn al-Nadr, may Allah have mercy on him, said: The first part of manhood is a cheerful face. The second part is loving kindness to people. The third part is fulfilling the needs of others.” [See al-Mujalasah wa Jawahir al-‘Ilm, page 828]

In contrast, it is not the characteristic of a true Muslim man to put on a show of bravado to others, as if the sign of a man were his ability to incite fear and project strength. Rather, a real man is known by the measure of his trustworthiness and his refrain from hurting others; in a word, his virtue. Ibn Al-Mubarak reported that:

“Umar Ibn Al-Khattab, may Allah be pleased with him, said: Do not let yourselves be impressed by the roar of a man. Rather, if he fulfills the trust and restrains himself from harming the honour of people, then he will truly be a man.” [See al-Zuhd wal-Raqa’iq, page 681]

A true Muslim man does not allow himself to be dragged into the gutter of insults, mockery, and bitter arguments. It is the beneath the dignity of a believer to put down or make fun of others, as this contradicts the spirit of goodwill he should have. Abdullah Ibn Mas’ud reported that:

“The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him, said: The believer does not taunt others, he does not curse others, he does not use profanity, and he does not abuse others.” [Sunan al-Tirmidhi]

Ibn Abi Dunya reported that:

“Sa’id Ibn al-As, may Allah have mercy on him, said: I have not insulted a man ever since I became a man.” [See al-Hilm of Ibn Abi Dunya, page 119]

Moreover, in Islam, the authentic sign of strength is the ability to control one’s desires and impulses, especially anger. A man who cannot control himself is spiritually weak, even if he has the largest muscles of all. Abu Hurairah reported that:

“The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him, said: The strong are not the best wrestlers. Verily, the strong are only those who control themselves when they are angry.” [Sahih al-Bukhari]

Abu Nu’aim reported that:

“Sufyan al-Thawri, may Allah have mercy on him, said: A woman will pass by a man and he cannot restrain himself from looking at her lustfully although there is no benefit in it. What could be weaker than this?” [See Hilyatul Awliya, vol. 7 page 68]

Mansur Ibn Abdullah reported that:

“Al-Kattani, may Allah have mercy on him, said: The truly weak man is he who is too weak to manage and control himself.” [See Tarikh Dimashq, vol. 54 page 254]

It is good to have a healthy, strong body, but some men are naturally more muscular than others. This blessing they have not earned has no bearing on their value to Allah the Almighty.

Abdullah Ibn Mas’ud, may Allah be pleased with him, was one such Companion who had a smaller build than most men, yet he was absolutely huge in terms of his muru’ah, knowledge, righteousness, and service to Islam. Ibn Mas’ud reported that:

“He was harvesting toothsticks from an Arak tree and he had tiny shins. The wind blew and made him fall over, so people laughed at him. The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him, said: What are you laughing at? They said, “O Prophet of Allah, at his tiny shins.” The Prophet said: By the one in whose hand is my soul, they will both be heavier on the Scale than the mountain of Uhud.” [Musnad of Imam Ahmad]

A true Muslim man might have a smaller build than most men, but still be better to Allah than most men. For this reason and many others, a real man should never make fun of another’s natural, physical appearance.

A true Muslim man is likewise chivalrous and honourable towards the women in his life: his mother, sisters, daughters, aunts, cousins, sisters in Islam, and women in general. He will not incite people to kill their husbands and their children. The measure of a man’s character is directly related to how he treats women. Abu Hurairah reported that:

“The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him, said: The most complete of the believers in faith are those with the most excellent character, and the best of you are the best in behaviour to their women.” [Sunan al-Tirmidhi]

Abdullah Ibn Amr reported that:

“The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him, said: The best of you are the best to their women.” [Sunan Ibn Majah]

It is not the characteristic of true men to ‘dominate’ women, abduct them, degrade them, kill their husbands and children, exploit them, or brag about their sexual ‘conquests.’ In fact, it is precisely the opposite; a real man protects women who are vulnerable to abuse and injustice. Abu Hurairah reported that:

“The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him, said: O Allah, I have issued a warning in regards to the rights of two vulnerable groups: orphans and women.” [Sunan Ibn Majah]

This is most apparent within the marriage relationship, which should be based upon love, mercy, and partnership. The worst men are those who mistreat their wives by finagling the law to circumvent its ethical underpinnings. Though a scholar might hold an opinion that a husband’s misbehaviour is ‘legal’ in the sense it carries no legal consequences, it is nevertheless corrupt, immoral, sinful, and unmanly. Raja’a reported that:

“Dawud Ibn Abi Hind, may Allah have mercy on him, said: I sat with the learned jurists (Fuqaha) and I found my religion with them. I sat with the preachers and I found softness in my heart. I sat with the elders of people and I found manhood among them. I sat with the worst of people and I found that one of them would divorce his wife for an offense that does not even amount to a hair.” [See al-Mujalasah wa Jawahir al-‘Ilm, page 458]

Respected Brothers and Sisters! A true Muslim man is characterized by a balance of all of the virtues taught by Islam: justice, compassion, forgiveness, kindness, humility, patience, truthfulness, courage, responsibility, chivalry, and so on. The concept of the ‘alpha male’ as domineering, aggressive, vengeful, thuggish, and ‘strong’ is a false and toxic belief that encourages misbehaviour in general and the mistreatment of women, in particular. On the contrary, truly strong men are those capable of controlling themselves and traversing the higher, straight path of virtue in opposition to the animalistic tendencies of the human soul.

* The Real Men In Christianity

My Respected people! In popular media, men are often portrayed as dense, selfish, arrogant, sexually immoral and at least potentially violent. A man who acts the way society thinks he should, particularly toward women, is often referred to as a “real man” or a “man’s man.”

Sadly, this popular image of “real” manliness is based on misinformation and bad assumptions. God, the designer of human beings, sees things differently than society does.

“Do not look at his appearance or at his physical stature … For the Lord does not see as man sees; for man looks at the outward appearance, but the Lord looks at the heart.” [1 Samuel 16:7]

Looking at the heart is a concept lost on much of modern culture. It’s much easier to use only what we see as the basis for our opinions and actions.

My people! What does the Bible actually say about being a real man? If we look closely, we can find three keys to true masculinity to help us understand how men should treat women and others in general as Christianity taught.

– In Christianity, Real Men Respect Everyone

To respect something is to consider it “worthy of high regard.” This is exactly the attitude that God says men should have toward women. That means all women, by the way, not just those we consider physically attractive.

To Christians, Jesus Christ is the perfect example of this behaviour. His followers taught that husbands ought to love their wives “just as Christ also loved the church and gave Himself for her”— and that husbands should “love their own wives as their own bodies; he who loves his wife loves himself.” [Ephesians 5:25 , 28]

True love is based on fundamental respect. Wives, in turn, are told to respect their husbands. Clearly, this is meant to be a mutual respect, a reaction to the respect her husband is already showing her.

Ultimately, though, God wants us to treat everyone with an outgoing, unselfish concern and deep respect for their well-being.

– In Christianity, Real Men Protect Everyone

To protect is to shield someone from exposure, from injury or destruction. A man who respects others will act to protect not just himself but others as well from various forms of exposure and injury.

Consider the biblical story of Ruth. A young Moabite woman, she was the daughter-in-law of Elimelech and Naomi, an Israelite couple who fled to Moab (in the area of modern-day Jordan) to escape a terrible famine in Israel. In the course of time Elimelech and his two sons died. Naomi and her daughters-in-law, Ruth and Orpah, were left alone with no support system.

Naomi decided to return to her homeland, and Ruth courageously went with her, even though she would be leaving her native Moab to live as a foreigner in Israel. Her future was incredibly uncertain, and she was extremely vulnerable. Enter Boaz.

Boaz was a wealthy and noble man of high social standing. He was just the kind of man who could have ignored two struggling widows, especially one who was a foreigner. But Boaz was a man of godly character who exercised his duty to protect those who are weak and were at risk. He personally saw to it that their basic needs were met. He kept watch over Ruth as she worked to help, support her mother-in-law. As the near relative of her deceased husband, Boaz chose to marry Ruth and assume the provision and protection for her and aging Naomi.

Life provides many, many opportunities to serve others by protecting them or their interests. Ultimately, God wants Christians to demonstrate His character by being willing to protect anyone —especially the most defenseless among the society.

– In Christianity, Real Men Take Responsibility

Many today would rather talk about their “rights” than their obligations and duties, but there has never been a greater need for men who are willing to take responsibility for their actions.

Real men do not take a woman’s most precious gifts (her heart, mind and body) without having committed through marriage to keep them forever. Engaging in physical intimacy with a woman before marriage is stealing. It is taking something that is not yours, which is an irresponsible failure to respect or protect the woman —and it is a sin, a violation of God’s law.

A real man doesn’t use excuses about being caught up in the passion of the moment and not being able to resist temptation. That story doesn’t carry much weight with God. It is possible to resist!

A man who takes responsibility for his actions has the wisdom to anticipate compromising situations and think proactively about how to avoid them. Translation: vertical thinking men avoid being alone in intimate circumstances with a woman before marriage! The book of Proverbs puts it this way:

“A prudent man foresees evil and hides himself; the simple pass on and are punished.” [27:12]

– Becoming A Real Man

There are many situations in life where we can do the right thing only by taking responsibility for our own actions. Ultimately, God wants Christians to demonstrate His character by being willing to take responsibility for everything they do, protect those in need and deeply respect women.

Never miss an opportunity to practice these three key concepts of true manliness. You can avoid the trap of false masculinity and its negative consequences by shouldering your responsibility to protect and respect so that in the end you will truly, in God’s eyes, be a real man.

– Three (3) Characteristics That Define A Real Man

Society today is confused about masculinity. Looking back thousands of years, what lessons of masculinity can we learn from the most important Man to ever walk the earth according to Christians?

Today’s society is in confusion on the subject of manhood and masculinity. Multiple definitions exist of what exactly masculinity is— from John Wayne to Homer Simpson — and some people question whether there should even be such a thing as masculinity. Modern psychology has introduced the idea that gender traits are nothing but a social construct.

The influence of the homosexual lifestyle, mainstream media and the fashion industry has promoted an effeminate standard for males. From wearing longer hair to an inordinate focus on fashion and style — many have wondered if traditional manhood and masculinity are gone.

In Christianity, today’s human ideas about masculinity and manhood are a far cry from the example Christ set in the flesh for all humanity, including males, to follow. But the Bible states:

“For to this you were called, because Christ also suffered for us, leaving us an example, that you should follow His steps.” [1 Peter 2:21]

Yes, Jesus Christ came to earth as a male human and therefore is the standard of masculinity that every Christian male should strive to be. This article will look at three ways Jesus Christ set an example for proper masculinity:

1. Christ didn’t crack under pressure and discomfort

The fourth chapter of Luke recounts Christ’s 40 days of fasting and temptation by the devil in the wilderness. Despite being offered literally all that the world has to give (Luke 4:5), Christ stayed strong and showed the devil he was wasting his time.

Christ showed the same strength as He faced the prospect of a torturous death of pain and agony. Though He experienced anxiety because of the extreme pain He was facing, Christ had the strength and willpower to move forward and say:

“Not as I will, but as You will.” [Matthew 26:39]

Men must have this resolve — this commitment to do what is right no matter what the temptation or danger. Masculinity, in its purest godly form, is this unbreakable will to obey God and lead in what is right, regardless of the cost in comfort or popularity.

Implications for men today: Compromising what is right is simply not an option. We must be convicted in what we believe and exercise the strength of character to make right decisions based on our beliefs. This world desperately needs men (and women!) of conviction who will not compromise what is right and will uphold high standards of conduct.

2. Christ worked hard and always did what was necessary

Even at an early age, Christ told His parents:

“Did you not know that I must be about My Father’s business?” [Luke 2:49]

Once His ministry started, Christ was constantly at work: healing, teaching, correcting, rebuking, comforting and preaching the gospel of the coming Kingdom of God. Christ said in John 5:17 that:

“My Father has been working until now, and I have been working.”

Whatever the need was, Christ made sure He filled it.

Men are supposed to be hard workers, making the necessary sacrifices for their mates and families. When needs present themselves, masculinity goes to work and starts on solutions to problems and doing what is needed for situations. There are times for rest, relaxation and recreation; however, masculinity is goal-focused and goal-oriented and respects priorities. The Scriptures teach that Christian work and activities should always be done with his maximum effort:

“Whatever your hand finds to do, do it with your might.” [Ecclesiastes 9:10]

Implications for men today: Prioritized responsibilities always come before wants. Christians must keep their commitments and never let video games, sports, movies or any recreation, crisis and chaos interfere with what really matters in their lives (spiritual growth, relationships, jobs, serving, etc.).

3. Christ was bold and confident

Despite how misguided “Christian” art portrays Jesus Christ, He was not a long-haired, pale, effeminate man who walked around in a white robe with a halo!

Christ was a strong, powerful and, at times, forceful man. Christ stood up to the most influential religious and political authorities of His time and pulled no punches. Matthew 23 records Christ fully revealing the hypocrisy, hatred and danger of the Pharisee’s doctrine. He did this with ultimate confidence and boldness. Christ showed physical force and strength when He responded to those misusing the temple to take advantage of people and defiling God’s temple (John 2:16). Christ was no stranger to making important decisions; in fact, He prayed all night before choosing His twelve (12) disciples (Luke 6:12). Still, He made these bold and confident decisions because of His trust in God to guide Him.

Admittedly, many times, some Christians are unsure as to whether they are doing what God wants them to do. Yet using the Bible as their compass and knowing that God is there to guide them and help them, they need to have the masculine trait of being “strong and of good courage.” [Deuteronomy 31:6]

Implications for men today: Get the facts and step out on faith. You must lead your families with courage and not with uncertainty and fear. You must take the initiative when you are needed and be brave. You cannot be dominated by indecisiveness and timidity. You will protect and provide for your families, as God protects and provides for you all.

In Christianity, Christ was the only man who was really “the Man.” His example of masculinity can help men today break out of society’s many false ideas about what boys and men should be. Instead of developing your manhood based on societal ideas, study the life of Jesus Christ and work to be the kind of Man He was!

– Real Christians Are To Be Peacemakers

The purpose of this “Christ vs. Christianity” article is to show how many churches and individuals today who profess the name of Christ teach and practice things that are directly contrary to what Jesus Christ actually taught. If you would judge Jesus Christ by some of those who profess to follow Him, you might think that Jesus would be an advocate of individual’s expression of disdain and even hatred toward their “enemies” and of nation’s reliance on battle-hardened military might.

But is this actually what Jesus stood for — or would stand for today?The Sermon on the Mount (found in Matthew 5, 6 and 7) is one of the most detailed teachings of Jesus Christ recorded in the New Testament. In this vital and important Sermon, Jesus Christ laid out the central facets of the way of life He taught His followers.

One of the central themes of the Sermon on the Mount is Christ’s expectation that His followers be characterized by peace — not by crisis, violence or war.

In the famous opening to this great Sermon known as the Beatitudes, Jesus taught:

“Blessed and happy are the peacemakers, for they shall be called sons of God.” [Matthew 5:9]

Therefore, real Christ’s followers should be characterized by living a way that leads to peace — totally the opposite of a life characterized by violence, chaos and strife.

The Christian standard of being a peacemaker is found throughout the New Testament. The apostle Paul wrote that Christians are to do whatever possible to:

“Live peaceably with all men.” [Romans 12:18]

Many scriptures support the basic truth that Christians are to:

“Pursue peace with all people.” [Hebrews 12:14; see also 2 Corinthians 13:11; Galatians 5:22; James 3:17]

– Christ And The Spirit Of The Sixth Commandment

Dear Brothers and Sisters! Jesus Christ also made a shocking statement in commenting on the Sixth Commandment (of the 10 Commandments). He said:

“You have heard that it was said to those of old, ‘You shall not murder, and whoever murders will be in danger of the judgment.’ But I say to you that whoever is angry with his brother without a cause shall be in danger of the judgment. And whoever says to his brother, ‘Raca!’ shall be in danger of the council. But whoever says, ‘You fool!’ shall be in danger of hellfire.” [Matthew 5:21-22]

Jesus was expanding the meaning of the Sixth Commandment by revealing the spirit of the law against taking human life. Jesus showed that it’s not just the physical act of murder that breaks the Sixth Commandment. Inner anger and hostility toward other human beings also break this law.

Yes, having feelings of hatred toward other human beings is a sin and breaks the Sixth Commandment!

The rest of the Bible elaborates on this key statement by Christ. Notice what John wrote:

“Whoever hates his brother is a murderer, and you know that no murderer has eternal life abiding in him.” [1 John 3:15]

Many other scriptures make it clear that hating another person is sin and breaks this commandment: [2 Corinthians 12:20 ; Titus 3:3 ; 1 John 2:9-11]

The ultimate intent of this commandment is to help Christians understand that God wants them to show love toward other human beings: [Mark 12:31 ; 1 John 2:10]

– Christ’s approach

Notice this teaching later in the Sermon on the Mount:

“You have heard that it was said, ‘An eye for an eye and a tooth for a tooth.’ But I tell you not to resist an evil person. But whoever slaps you on your right cheek, turn the other to him also. …“You have heard that it was said, ‘You shall love your neighbour and hate your enemy.’ But I say to you, love your enemies, bless those who curse you, do good to those who hate you, and pray for those who spitefully use you and persecute you.” [Matthew 5:38-39, 43-44]

These words could be considered some of the hardest to apply of all of Jesus Christ’s teachings! The Gospel accounts show us that Jesus not only taught this standard, but practiced it: [Matthew 10:23; 26:51-53 ; Luke 4:28-30 ; John 8:49; 10:39]

Real Christians should operate on the principle found in Romans 13:10:

“Love does no harm to a neighbour; therefore love is the fulfillment of the law.”

– The implications

Jesus Christ’s teachings and practices are very clear when we honestly read the four Gospel accounts. Real Christ’s followers are to demonstrate love for others — and one major way they are to demonstrate love is through a life of peace and nonviolence.

Jesus Christ wants His followers to put their trust in Him for protection and to be noted for their peace and love for others! The Kingdom of God, the focus of Jesus Christ’s message, is all about how Jesus will bring peace to the world: [Isaiah 9:7]

Dear Brothers and Sisters! If you can remember, General Theophilus Yakubu Danjuma had, at the convocation of Taraba State University last week, urged Nigerians to resort to self-defence in the face of unending killings across the country.

Respected Nigerians! TY Danjuma’s statement is a threat to the peace in Taraba state and Nigeria in general. He should be prosecuted for treasonable felony.

He also accused the military of complicity in the killings, especially in Taraba, where he said that the “herdsmen” were being aided in killing innocent citizens.

And you see, some people, who are the enemies of their country (Nigeria) supported him in this dangerous call and unguarded statements. And as you all knows, if the war break out in the country you will not see them, they will all run with their family, living the poor people and their children in the country killing themselves. Let those people fear their creator, let them repent before it’s too late.

This are not the characteristics of real men. Real men will always contribute to the unity, progress, development and peaceful coexistence of their communities and their country. They will not and never call on people to slaughter themselves.

As you see, all the religions teaches it’s followers to live in peace, so we don’t know were those people got their own teachings.

* The Killings In Zamfara State

Dear Brothers and Sisters! What is actually happening in my State, Zamfara, of massacre, abduction and killing of innocent and defenseless people, of sacking and looting of communities need a deliberate and decisive approach from those charged with the responsibility of protecting lives and properties – the state and federal governments and all the stakeholders in the security of our dear state.

Innocent and defenseless people are silently being killed everyday in Zamfara State.

I ask Allah the Almighty, in His infinite mercy, to give the Zamfara people peace and tranquility and to give our leaders the strength and the wisdom to do the needful.

Our leaders must not fail and turn a blind eye against those that are under their leadership. The fear of standing in front of Allah to be questioned should force us to rearrange our thought pattern. We must not because of this world mortgage our Hereafter.

Respected Brothers and Sisters! Fellow Nigerians! As Muslims and fellow humans, we should remember the oppressed people everywhere in the world in our prayers.

May Allah protect our country, Nigeria, from evil people and mischief makers, ameen.

All praise is due to Allah, Lord of the worlds. May the peace, blessings and salutations of Allah be upon our Noble Messenger, Muhammad, and upon his family, his Companions and his true followers.

Your Brother:

Imam Murtadha Muhammad Gusau, from Okene, Kogi state, Nigeria. He can be reached via: gusaumurtada@gmail.com or +2348038289761.

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Don’t Negotiate With Terrorists/Khawarij, Murderers And Killers In A Wrong Way, By Imam Murtadha Gusau

In The Name Of Allah, The Most Beneficent, The Most Merciful

All perfect praise be to Allah, The Lord of the Worlds. I testify that there is none worthy of worship except Allah, and that Muhammad is His Servants and Messenger.

To proceeds:

Dear Servants of Allah! As you know, the female students of the Government Girls Secondary Technical College Daphi, Yobe State, who were abducted by the dreaded Boko Haram terrorists last month were Alhamdulillah released. Though five of them were reported to have died and one still in captivity.

Thanks be to Almighty Allah for their release. I, on behalf of the congregations of our Mosques rejoices with the schoolgirls, their parents, their relations, the Federal Government of Nigeria, President Muhammadu Buhari, the Nigerian Army, all the security agents and the entirety of Nigerians for the early return of the girls. But I pray that they were released without paying any ransom to the terrorists.

We indeed have every reason to make some sigh of relief with this uncommon and happy development. May the remaining one, Leah Sheribu, be speedily returned and reunited with her families. And May Allah the Almighty have mercy to the lives of the departed ones, and to make Jannatul Firdaws be their last abode. May the nightmarish incidence of their abduction and their release never be repeated again in the country. Ameen.

Respected Brothers and Sisters! Let everyone know that, if it is true as has being widely speculated, the Nigerian government enters into a negotiations with the terrorists/khawarij on the basis of paying ransom to them, wallahi it will be weakness, incompetence and failure of the government.

For example, if the terrorists laid down their arms first, adopted peaceful path and put forward demands in the form of dialogue, it was responsibility of the government to listen to them.

Rightful demands should be accepted from them while unjustified ones should be rejected.

Conducting negotiations with the terrorists/khawarij before breaking their back was wrong, and was not in accordance with the Noble Quran and Sunnah. But unfortunately our leaders and our politicians did not adopt this approach prescribed by the Noble Quran and Sunnah because of their selfish and political interests.

If this kind wrong negotiations with the terrorists/khawarij were to be held, why had the kidnappers, thieves, robbers, killers and all the remaining criminals been put behind the bars and why were they being prosecuted in the courts of law? Dialogue should also be conducted with them, adding that the entire legal and judicial system should be done away with them and all issues should be settled through dialogue. It was all right to hold dialogue but there should be proper time and manner of holding it.

The power of terrorists, extremists, khawarij, kidnappers, robbers, cattle-rustlers, armed bandits, aggressors and rebels should be broken first, compelling them to accept the writ of the state, adopt peaceful path and resort to talks by laying down arms.

The terrorists/khawarij had occupied parts of the country and created state within the state. They had killed thousands of innocent people including personnel of security forces and still continued on the killing spree. The people of Borno, Yobe and Adamawa states had been struggling for many years with the dead bodies of their near and dear ones killed by the terrorists.

Then as to what was the crime of these people and what they were being punished for? Public places, Mosques, Churches, religious leaders and security forces were being attacked with abandon and the people were being slaughtered mercilessly. There was no doubt about the fact that the terrorists wanted to get their demands accepted through use of brute force and power. The government’s decision to hold talks in these circumstances reflected weak point of view and lack of firm resolve.

Therefore, we made it clear that those who insisted on the option of talks with the terrorists were in fact protecting them and supporting their philosophy and ideology. Those who indulged in terrorist acts were no martyrs, rather they were cowards, miscreants and mischief makers who worked on the agenda of their financiers. These terrorists wanted to undermine the nuclear status of this country. They are own their own. They are not working for or on behalf of Islam and the Muslims.

And there was a particular segment of the Ulama’ in Nigeria who did not take a clear stance on terrorists by being silent or by making confused statements and shifted the entire blame on the international communities. New issues were raised in a manner that the real problem and questions about conduct of the terrorists were left behind. The purpose behind this deliberate campaign was to keep the nation confused.

There was no denying the importance of talks in principle but it was the question of how and when and from position of strength or weakness. The people had been divided along the ideological lines and confusion was created in this manner. We should neither be slave to the international communities nor should we go to war with them, we should not compromise upon our independence and sovereignty. Some religious figures collected dollars and euros wrongly in the name of preaching. Wallahi, as long as wrong foreign money continued to flow into Nigeria, as long as government pay ransom to terrorists, terrorism would continue. Wal iyazu billah.

My respected people! Boko Haram are khawarij, the dogs of hellfire!!! There can be no wrong negotiations with such murderers and killers. If you can remember, the government did dialogue with them years back and signed the agreement, but the agreement did not go anywhere. They continued with their acts of terrorism. They can only be crushed, by force.

If there is anyone within their ranks who want to do Tauba, who want to repent, then they must openly declare that Nigeria is legitimate state and fighting against Nigeria is Haram!!! Only then, there can be any talks for giving them exit. If they continue to declare Nigeria as illegitimate state and consider killing of Nigerians as “Halal”, then there can be no talks with terrorists/khawarij.

I warn the leaders of Nigeria, I warn the politicians, for making any surrender against these animals. Talks can be done with human, NOT with “dogs of hellfire”!!! Keep this Ruling of Prophet Muhammad (Peace be upon him) in front of you when you talk about the terrorists/khawarij of Boko Haram.

The Messenger of Allah said:

“…If I live to see them (khawarij/terrorists) I will kill them like the killing of (the people of Aad).” [Bukhari and Muslim]

And unless we eliminate those underlying conditions that allow Boko Haram enjoy local support, the future will augur very badly. When our elites consider leaving our people in ignorance, in poverty and in disease as an official policy and elevate corruption to a status surpassing all good virtues, we ask for Boko Haram and Boko Haram we shall get.

For now, for any meaningful development or rehabilitation to thrive, we have to win the war to preserve the peace. We have to up our game. Our capabilities should keep pace with Boko Haram dynamism. Negotiating with terrorists may bring temporary lull and short-term political benefits but risk emboldening them in the long-run, setting a dangerous precedent.

Nations do not buy peace through appeasement but through sacrifice. Boko Haram’s jihadist utopia is incompatible with true Islam and the realities of our 21st century. They cannot be reconciled by any stretch of compromise. Boko Haram and its terror allies know only one language – defeat. We have to do whatever it takes to defeat Boko Haram and their murderous ideology that fuels it, even as its consequences will continue to echo long after it is militarily extinguished.

Respected Brothers and Sisters! Let me quote my brother, Professor Farooq A. Kperogi who said:

“After the usual, predictable protestations from government officials to the effect that no ransom had been paid to the terrorists to secure the release of the girls, Sahara Reporters disclosed on Wednesday that five million euros had been paid to the Al-Barnawi faction of Boko Haram. “But a source who also participated in the negotiations with Boko Haram that led to release of over 80 Chibok girls in 2017 told Sahara Reporters that the federal government not only made the ransom payment of five million euros to the insurgents,” the paper wrote, adding that government “also exchanged some Boko Haram prisoners in return for the Dapchi girls.”

It’s easy to dismiss this as speculative or even made-up, but examples from the immediate past should give us cause for pause. For instance, the government had denied paying any money to the Abubakar Shekau faction of Boko Haram for the release of 80 Chibok girls, but Wall Street Journal’s explosive and exhaustive report of December 24, 2017 proved beyond all shadows of doubt that “Nigeria paid a secret ransom of €3 million to free some of the kidnapped schoolgirls.”

Three million euros adds up to nearly 1.5 billion naira. In another case, the BBC reported that the government paid a hefty ransom to Boko Haram. “The ransom was €2m. Boko Haram asked for euros. They chose the suspects and gave us the list of girls who would be freed,” BBC quoted a source as confiding in them. It’s pointless recounting all the numerous credible revelations of ransom payments to Boko Haram by the government because it was the subject of my column two weeks ago, but the point being made is that Boko Haram is now better financed by the Nigerian government than our military is.

And, as sure as tomorrow’s date, the terrorist group will continue to use the war chest handed to them by our government to unleash more terror, abduct more girls, and earn more money. It has become a profitable racket. While it’s hard to make the case that money shouldn’t be paid to secure the release scared, innocent girls, it’s also good to remember that the money paid to secure the release of some girls will be used to abduct other girls and inflict harm on others. So ransom payment isn’t a sustainable strategy. Any country that purchases its peace will perpetually be indebted to war.

But more than that, Boko Haram is now winning the ideational war. For instance, reports said that when members of the group returned the Dapchi girls, they stayed for a bit and preached against girl-child education. They told the girls to never go to school again or risk abduction. In a region that desperately needs education, especially girl-child education, we’ve been set back by probably five decades.

No responsible parents will send their daughters to school again. The girls’ life is infinitely more important than their education. Similarly, Boko Haram is clearly now being unwittingly lionized, deodorized, decriminalized, and mainstreamed by the government. The photos and videos shared by the Daily Nigerian online newspaper of jubilant crowds cheering Boko Haram terrorists in Dapchi while the group freely hoists its flag is disconcerting. The terrorist group isn’t just being financed by the Buhari government through handsome ransom payments; it is also being unintentionally glamorized.

There is no bigger recruitment tool for the group than this. It’s a loud message that crime does pay.” [See Daily Trust Newspaper of Saturday, March 24, 2018]

* Below is the Right Way To Debate and Dialogue With the Terrorists/Khawarij

Ibn Abbas narrated that:

“When the Haruriyyah, the Khawarij, the terrorists rebelled in the time of Khalifah Ali Bin Abi Talib, they isolated themselves in a place. There were 6000 of them and they were united in rebelling against  Ali’s government. Continuously people would come to Ali and say, “Oh Leader of  the Believers, verily these people are rebelling against you.” He  would reply, “Leave them, verily I will not fight them until they fight us and that is what they will do.” So when it came to that day, I came to Ali before the noon prayer and I said to him, “Oh Leader of the Believers, delay the prayer until it is cooler perhaps I will speak to these people.”

He said: “Verily, I fear for you.” I said, “Never! I used to be known as a man of good manners, I never harmed anyone.” He gave me permission to go. So, I put on a very nice garment, the best of what one could get from Yemen and I combed my hair. Then, I visited them at midday while they were eating. I had entered upon a people, the likes of whom I had never seen with regards to their exertion in worship. Their foreheads were wounded due to their (constant) prostration (in prayer) and their hands had become rough like camel’s feet, wearing recently washed, untidy shirts with very high raised clothing and with tired and worn out faces [due to not caring for themselves].

So, I greeted them and they said,  “Welcome, oh son of Abbas! And what is this cloak you are  wearing?” I asked, “What deficiency do you see from me? Indeed, I saw the Messenger of Allah (Peace be upon him) dressed in the best of what you can find in Yemeni clothing, then I recited this verse to them:

“Say, “Who has forbidden the adornment of Allah which He has produced for His servants and the good things of provision?” [Quran, 7: 32]

Then they asked: “What has brought you here?” I told them, “I have come to you from amongst the Companions of the Prophet (Peace be upon him) – the Muhajirun and the Ansar and from the son of the uncle of the Prophet (Peace be upon him) (Ali Bin Abi Talib), who is his son-in-law. And upon them descended the Quran; they are more knowledgeable about it than you and there is not one of them (the Companions) amongst you. I have come to convey to you what they say, and to convey to them what you say.” A group amongst them said, “Do not debate with the Quraysh because verily Allah, the Almighty says:

“Nay! But they are a quarrelsome people.” [Quran, 43: 58]

Then a group of them turned towards me and two or three of them  said: “Verily, we will speak to him.” So I said: “Come forward, what is the grudge you have against the Companions of the Allah’s Messenger and your leader, the son of his uncle (Ali Bin Abi Talib)?” They answered: “Three points.” I asked: “And what are they?” They said: “One of the points is that he (Khalifah Ali Bin Abi Talib) had men judge in a matter of Allah while Allah says:

“The judgment is for none but Allah.” [Quran, 6: 57 and Quran, 12: 40,  67]

“What have men got to do with the judgment?” I said: “This is one point.” They said: “As for the second point, then he fought people and he did not take captives nor did he take the war booty (Ghanimah). If they were disbelievers, then their captives are permissible for us and if they were believers then their captives are neither permissible to take nor was it allowed to fight them (in the first place).” I said: “This is the second point, and what is the third point?” Or he said something similar. They said: “He removed the title of ‘Leader of the Believers’ (Amir al-Mu’minin) from his name, and if he is not the ‘Leader of the Believers’ then he is the ‘Leader of the Disbelievers’ (Amir al-Kafirin).” I asked: “Do you have any points other than these?” They  replied: “These are sufficient for us.” I said to them: “Do you understand that if I read to you from the book of Allah the Almighty and from the Sunnah of His Prophet (Peace be upon him) that which refutes what you say, will you then return (back)?” They said: “Yes.” I said: “As for your statement that Ali had men judge in a matter that was for Allah; then I will read to you from the book of Allah, where Allah has delegated His judgment to men regarding the eighth of a quarter of a dirham. Allah the Most High commanded the people to judge in this matter. Do you not understand the saying of Allah the Almighty:

“Oh you who believe, do not kill the game while you are in a state of  Ihram, and whosoever of you kills it intentionally, then the penalty is an offering equivalent to the one he killed, as judged by two just men among you.” [Quran, 5: 95]

And it is from the judgment of Allah that He delegated men to judge  in this matter. If Allah willed, He could have judged in this matter but  He allowed men to judge. I ask you by Allah, is it better that men judge in something regarding reconciliation in disputes and in preventing bloodshed or regarding the hunting of a rabbit? They said: “Of course, this is better.” And regarding a woman and her husband Allah says:

“If you fear a breach between the husband and wife, appoint two  arbitrators: one from his family and the other from hers.” [Quran, 4: 35]

Is not men judging in reconciling disputes and in the prevention of  bloodshed better than men judging regarding the private parts of a  woman? Have we finished with this point? They replied: “Yes.” I said: “As for your statement, ‘He fought but did not take captives and did  not take war booty,’ then would you take your mother (in Islam),  Aisha, as a captive, making her permissible for yourselves for that  which you make permissible from other than her while she is your  mother? If you say, ‘We make permissible from her that which we  make permissible from other than her,’ then you have committed  disbelief. And if you say, “She is not our mother,” then you have also  committed disbelief. Allah the Most High said:

“The Prophet is closer to the believers than their own selves, and his wives are their mothers.” [Quran, 33: 6]

And so you are between the two ill judgments. So, which of them do you want to take? Have we finished with this point? They replied: “Yes.” As for Khalifah Ali removing the title of ‘Leader of Believers’, then I will give you something that will please you; verily, the Prophet of Allah contracted an agreement with the Mushrikin (the disbelievers of Quraysh) on the Day of Sulh Hudaybiyyah, and the Prophet (Peace be upon him) said to Ali: “Write, oh Ali: This is what Muhammad, the Messenger of Allah, agrees with. They, the Mushrikin, said, ‘If we knew you to be the Messenger of Allah, we would not have fought you.’ So the Messenger of Allah (Peace be upon him) said: “Oh Allah, indeed You know that I am Your Messenger.”

Erase it, Ali, and write: This is what Muhammad Ibn Abdullah agrees upon. “I swear by Allah that the Messenger of Allah (Peace be upon him) is better than Ali and even he erased his own name, and erasing his name does not erase his Prophethood.” Have we finished with this point? They said: “Yes.” So 2,000 of them came back while the rest (4,000) of them rebelled and fought, based upon their misguidance, and the Companions of the Prophet, Muhajirun and Ansar fought them.”

[Narrated by al-Darimi in his Sunan and Bahshal in Tarikh Wasit. This narration is reported on the authority of Amr Ibn Salmah and  authenticated by al-Albani in al-Silsilah as-Sahihah, vol. 5 page 12-13. There are other narrations of this story. It has been narrated by Abdullah Ibn Ahmad in Zawa’id al-Zuhud, page 428, and by Abu Nu’aim in Hilyatul Awliya, vol. 4 page 380-381. Also recorded by al-?abrani in al-Kabir, vol. 9 page 125-126 and by Abdul-Razzaq in al-Mussannaf, no. 5409.  Al-Haythami narrated it in Mu’jam al-Zawa’id, vol. 1 page 181.

As for the narration of Abdul-Razzaq and al-Tabrani, it has been authenticated by al-Haythami in Mu’jam al-Zawa’id, vol. 1 page 181. The narration of Abu Nu’aim in al-Hilyat was reported on the authority of Abu Za’rah. Recorded by Abdul-Razzaq in his book al-Mussannaf no. 18678, Musnad Ahmad vol. 1 page 243, al-Mustadrak of Imam al-Hakim vol. 2 page 150152, Ibn Abdul-Barr in his book Jami’ Bayanil Ilm wa fadlihi, vol. 2 page 962-964/1834 and  others. This story has many other narrations in al-Kabir and Munazzarat a’immah as-Salaf, page 8991, and some of them were authenticated by al-Haythami]

Dear Brothers and Sisters! This is the right way of debating with the terrorists/khawarij. Show them that they are on the wrong way. They must surrender to the state or else you fight and kill them. You cannot negotiate with them like they have power or any authority.

Allah the Most High said:

“And if two parties or groups among the believers fall to fighting, then make peace between them both, but if one of them rebels against the other, then fight you (all) against the one that which rebels till it complies with the Command of Allah; then if it complies, then make reconciliation between them justly, and be equitable. Verily! Allah loves those who are equitable.” [Quran, 49: 9]

Imam Al-Ajuri said:

“Neither the scholars of old nor of these times, ever differed about the Khawarij (terrorists). They regarded them as an evil people who were disobedient to Allah, the Mighty and Majestic, and His Messenger, even though they prayed, fasted and exerted themselves in worship, and all of this was of no benefit to them, even though they were apparent in enjoining the good and forbidding the evil, and that did not benefit them because they were a people who interpret the Quran upon their desires.” [See Kitabush-Shari’ah by Imam al-Ajuri; Chapter: Rebuking the Khawarij and their evil Madhhab, and the permissibility of killing them, and the reward for killing them and the one killed by them, vol.1 page 325]

 Ali Bin Abi Talib – Allah be pleased with him – said:

“Do not be with the sinner (fajir), for he will beautify to you the things he does, and he will want you to be like him; and he will beautify to you the worst of his practices; and his entrance upon you and leaving from your company will cause ignominy and discredit [of you]. And do not accompany the fool (ahmaq), for he will exhaust himself [to help you] but will not benefit you, and he may want to benefit you but end up harming you; his silence is better than his speaking, his distance is better than his closeness, and him dying is better than him living. And do not accompany the liar, for life will not benefit you with him, he will tell others what you say, and tell you what others say; and if you speak the truth, it will not be believed.” [Abu Bakr Al-Daynuri, in Al-Mujalasah wa Jawahiril Ilm no. 1379]

* The Khawarij/Terrorists come with beautiful preaching but evil deeds

Anas Ibn Malik reported that:

“The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him, said: There will be division and sectarianism in my nation and the Khawarij (terrorists) will come with beautiful words and evil deeds. They will recite the Quran but it will not pass beyond their throats. They will leave the religion as an arrow leaves its target and they will not return to it as the arrow does not return to its bow. They are the worst of the creation. Blessed are those who fight them and are killed by them. They call to the Book of Allah but they have nothing to do with it. Whoever fights them is better to Allah than them.” [Sunan Abi Dawud]

And Imam Ibn Kathir said:

“If the Khawarij ever gained power, they would corrupt the entire earth, Iraq, and Syria. They would not leave alone a boy or a girl or a man or a woman, for in their view the people have become so corrupt that they cannot be reformed except by mass killing.” [See al-Bidaya wal-Nihaya, vol. 10 page 584]

Allah knows best.

All praise is due to Allah, Lord of the worlds. May the peace, blessings and salutations of Allah be upon our Noble Messenger, Muhammad, and upon his family, his Companions and his true followers.

Your Brother:

Imam Murtadha Muhammad Gusau, from Okene, Kogi State, Nigeria. He can be reach via: gusaumurtada@gmail.com or +2348038289761.

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Friday Sermon: Being Tested In Your Life, Your Religion And Your Iman, By Imam Murtadha Gusau

In The Name Of Allah, The Most Gracious, The Most Merciful

All thanks and praises are due to Allah, we seek His help and forgiveness. We seek refuge in Allah from the evil within ourselves and the consequences of our evil deeds. Whoever Allah guides will never be led astray, and whoever Allah leads astray will never find guidance. I bear witness that there is no god but Allah, He is alone without any partners, and I bear witness that Muhammad is His Servant and His Messenger.

“O you who have believed, fear Allah as He should be feared and do not die except as Muslims in submission to Him.” [Quran, 3:102]

“O mankind, fear your Lord, who created you from one soul and created from it its mate and dispersed from both of them many men and women. And fear Allah, through whom you ask one another, and the wombs. Verily, Allah is ever watching over you.” [Quran, 4:1]

“O you who have believed, fear Allah and speak words of appropriate justice. He will then amend for you your deeds and forgive your sins, and whoever obeys Allah and His Messenger has certainly attained a great attainment.” [Quran, 33:70-71]

Verily, the most truthful speech is the Book of Allah, the best guidance is the guidance of Muhammad, and the worst affairs are newly invented matters (in the religion). Every newly invented matter is a religious innovation, and every religious innovation is misguidance, and every misguidance is in the Hellfire.

To proceeds:

Respected Servants of Allah! The Quran and Sunnah of the Prophet Muhammad (Peace be upon him) actively call us to think, reflect and understand. We need to ask ourselves: what does Allah represent in my life? What does the Messenger of Allah represent in our life? What does the Quran reflect in my life?

The resulting quality of this reflection is gratitude. Gratitude is the driver of lasting benefit. We are Muslim because we are grateful to our Creator, Sustainer and Benefactor. We are Muslim because we believe in Allah.

This Islam that is fuelled by faith, stands the test of adversities. As opposed to Islam that is just based on identity which withers when tested.

Brothers and Sisters! I calls on us to nurture our strength of faith by not just going through the motions of religion. Rather, we should make every action an act of faith.

Know that your prayer is an act of faith. Know that your fasting is an act of faith. Know that your charity is an act of faith. Know that sticking to the halal and avoiding the haram is an act of faith. Know that visiting your parents is an act of faith. Know that to give your children good Islamic upbringing is an act of faith. Know that to contribute in bringing the lasting, permanent, and sustainable peace in your country is an act of faith. Know that your being involved in the community development, your social activism, your political activism, your maintaining ties with family and friends all of it is an act of faith.

Before any action, the believers should turn their heart to Allah. They should ask: what does Allah seek from me? Don’t just focus on the action. Focus first on Allah. If you do that, nothing will harm you.

The Prophet (Peace be upon him) said:

“If you ask, ask from Allah. If you rely, rely upon Allah.”

Religion is about Allah Most High alone.

Dear Brothers and Sisters! Muslims will endure many trials throughout their lives. Allah tests us with hardship and also with prosperity in order to validate the sincerity of our faith (our Iman).

Servants of Allah! During the most difficult and confusing times of our lives, our faith is often shaken. We begin to question who we are and what we believe. Sometimes when there is no one around to hear us but the walls of our room and Allah above the heavens, we cry out, “Why me? Why is this happening to me?”

Our despair can be due to the death of a loved one, to a terminal illness diagnosis, or even the loss of a coveted career or educational opportunity. But regardless of the details of our individual trials, beneath each episode is the excruciating feeling of helplessness because we have lost – or we are at risk of losing – something that is dear to us or something that we believe is essential to our sense of self or the meaning of our lives.

My people! No one is exempt from life’s trials, not even Prophets, Messengers and righteous people. Allah the Almighty says:

“Or do you think that you will enter Paradise while such [trial] has not yet come to you as came to those who passed on before you? They were touched by poverty and hardship and were shaken until [even their] Messenger and those who believed with him said, ‘When [will come] the help of Allah?’ Unquestionably, the help of Allah is [always] near.” [Quran, 2:214]

Dear Brothers and Sisters! Why does Allah test us?

When someone asks us, ‘What is your religion?’ we say ‘Islam.’ But what really makes us Muslims? What is the proof that we’re worthy of being called Muslims? It’s the same proof that teachers use to make sure a student is worthy of being at the school – a test. That is the reason that Allah the Exalted tests me, tests you and them, as He said in the Quran:

“Who has created death and life that He may test which of you is best in deed. And He is the All-Mighty, the Oft-Forgiving.” [Quran, 67: 2]

And:

“Or do you think that you will enter Paradise before Allah tests those of you who fought (in His Cause) and (also) tests those who are As-Sabirun (the patient)?” [Quran, 3:142]

And:

“You shall certainly be tried and tested in your wealth and properties and in your personal selves.” [Quran, 3:186]

And:

“Do people think that they will be left alone because they say: ‘We believe,’ and will not be tested. And We indeed tested those who were before them…” [Quran, 29: 2-4]

My respected people! When does Allah test us?

The Prophet (Peace be upon him) said:

“The extent of the reward will be in accordance with the extent of the trial. If Allah loves a people, He tries them, and whoever is content will have contentment, and whoever is angry will have anger.” [At-Tirmidhi]

Allah tests us in order to make us better and stronger Muslims. The point where you overcome a test successfully, you are not the same anymore, you are now better prepared for further challenges, you have stronger belief in Allah and more hopeful of success. Allah the Most High said:

“No calamity occurs, but by the permission of Allah, and whosoever believes in Allah, He guides his heart. And Allah is the All-Knower of everything.” [Quran, 64:11]

Servants of Allah! How does Allah test us?

The tests of Allah are different for different individuals, custom-made according to their particular strengths and weaknesses. The things which seem like a trial to me may not even bother you a bit, and vice versa. Therefore we must not look at someone depressed over something that seems trivial to us and say, ‘Look what a weak person she/he is!’ It may be just that his/her strengths are different than yours.

Allah tests some people with poverty, others with emotional distress, others with illness, others with evil children, others with evil wives, others with bad husbands, others with dangerous neighbours, others with bad, corrupt, evil and inexperienced leaders, others with their work, business and friends, others with terrorism and terrorists, and yet others with prosperity and fame. How come prosperity is a test? When things are going well, we tend to forget about Allah and the Hereafter, and death, and as a result we may lose the most precious thing to a believer – Iman.

“Indeed, mankind was created anxious: When evil touches him, impatient, And when good touches him, withholding [of it].” [Quran, 70:19-21]

* What to do when Allah tests us

Allah the Almighty said in the Quran:

“And seek help in patience and As-Salah (Prayer) and truly it is extremely heavy and hard except for humbly submissive [to Allah].” [Quran, 2:45]

Brothers and Sisters! The moment a trial strikes you, remember to be patient. The Prophet said:

“The real patience is at the first stroke of a calamity.” [Sahih Al Bukhari]

If it’s difficult to be patient, then pretend to be patient, and the pretense will soon turn real. The best way to do it is to just keep silent and pray to Allah for patience.

“Our Lord, pour upon us patience and let us die as Muslims.” [Quran, 7:126]

Look at the beauty of this Du’a. When does one come to the verge of losing faith? When some disaster totally destroys a person. You will find many atheists complaining, ‘Where was Allah when such and such happened to me?’ So we ask Allah’s help against this ultimate disaster – loss of faith.

Allah describes those who are patient in the following verses:

“And We will surely test you with something of fear and hunger and a loss of wealth and lives and fruits, but give good tidings to the patient, who, when disaster strikes them, say, ‘Indeed we belong to Allah, and indeed to Him we will return.’ Those are the ones upon whom are blessings from their Lord and mercy. And it is those who are the [rightly] guided.” [Quran, 2:155-57]

So whenever something bad happens, say as the Prophet said:

“Inna lillahi wa inna ilaihi raaji’un. Allahummah ajurni fi musibati wa akhlif li khairan minha.”

Meaning:

“To Allah we belong, and to Him is our Return. O Allah! Take me out of my plight and replace it with something which is better.” [Muslim]

And remember the saying of Allah:

“For indeed, with hardship [will be] ease. Indeed, with hardship [will be] ease.” [Quran, 94: 5-6]

Therefore, Muslims will endure many trials throughout life such as being afflicted by a calamity, suffering oppression, or even ingratitude in the face of prosperity. A Muslim must remain patient with the command and decree of Allah so as to avoid injustice, selfishness, and various evil deeds that might come about during a trial.

I ask Allah to relieve the suffering of Muslims and to guide us through the trials of life and death.

Respected Brothers and Sisters! I ask Allah to assist us in living by the Quran and Sunnah. I pray He lets us recognise the truth for what it is and helps us to follow it, and that He lets us see falsehood for what it is and helps us to avoid it.

O Allah! Guide us and protect us from the causes of ignorance and destruction! Save us from the defects of ourselves! Cause the last of our deeds to be the best and most righteous! And forgive all of us.

Dear Brothers and Sisters! Anything good I have said in my today’s Khutbah (Sermon) is from Allah the Almighty, and any mistakes are my own and we seek refuge in Allah from giving wrong advice and from all forms of calamities and fitnah. And I ask Allah’s forgiveness if I stepped beyond bounds in anything I said or I do.

May Allah be praised; and may the peace and blessings of Allah be upon His Messenger Muhammad and upon his family and Companions.

With this, I conclude my Khutbah (Sermon) and ask Allah, the Almighty and the Sublime, to forgive all of our sins. So seek his forgiveness, He is all forgiving and Most Merciful.

This Jumu’ah Khutbah (Friday Sermon) was prepared for delivery today, Friday, Rajab 5, 1439 AH (March 23, 2018), by Imam Murtadha Muhammad Gusau, the Chief Imam of Nagazi-Uvete Jumu’ah and late Alhaji Abdurrahman Okene’s Mosques, Okene Kogi State, Nigeria. He can be reached through: gusaumurtada@gmail.com or +2348038289761.

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[Friday Sermon] A Muslim Christmas’s Gift To His Christian Brothers And Sisters, By Imam Gusau

In the Name of Allah, the Most Beneficent, the Most Merciful

All thanks and praise is due to Allah, we seek His help and forgiveness. We seek refuge in Allah from the evil within ourselves and the consequences of our evil deeds.

Whoever Allah guides will never be led astray, and whoever Allah leads astray will never find guidance. I bear witness there is no god but Allah, alone without any partners, and I bear witness that Muhammad is His Servant and His Messenger.

“O you who have believed, fear Allah as He should be feared and do not die except as Muslims in submission to Him.” [Quran, 3:102]

“O mankind, fear your Lord, who created you from one soul and created from it its mate and dispersed from both of them many men and women. And fear Allah, through whom you ask one another, and the wombs. Verily, Allah is ever watching over you.” [Quran, 4:1]

“O you who have believed, fear Allah and speak words of appropriate justice. He will then amend for you your deeds and forgive your sins, and whoever obeys Allah and His Messenger has certainly attained a great attainment.” [Quran, 33:70-71]

Verily, the most truthful speech is the Book of Allah, the best guidance is the guidance of Muhammad (Peace be upon him), and the worst affairs are newly invented matters (in the religion). Every newly invented matter is a religious innovation, and every religious innovation is misguidance, and every misguidance is in the Hellfire.

To proceed:

Brothers and Sisters! Christians and Muslims have differed for centuries over the nature and status of Jesus Christ. Both religions revere him and both believe him to be of virgin-birth. Both religions claim to know his true nature and purpose. Muslims believe that Christian leaders of old altered the scriptures in order to redefine the status of this Noble and virtuous Prophet of Almighty Allah. In fact, eminent Christian theologians readily admit that the Bible has been altered throughout the ages, so in that respect, there is no disagreement. The renowned Biblical scholar from the USA, Dr. Bart D. Ehrman, formerly the president of the Southeast Region of the Society of Biblical Literature stated that:

“One of the most amazing and perplexing features of mainstream Christianity is that seminarians who learn the historical-critical method in their Bible classes appear to forget all about it when it comes time for them to be pastors. They are taught critical approaches to Scripture, they learn about the discrepancies and contradictions, they discover all sorts of historical errors and mistakes.. They find that there are other books that were at one time considered canonical but that ultimately did not become part of Scripture, they come to recognize that a good number of the books of the Bible are pseudonymous (written in the name of an apostle by someone else), that in fact we don’t have the original copies of any of the biblical books but only copies made centuries later, all of which have been altered.” [See: Bart D. Ehrman, Jesus, Interrupted: Revealing the hidden contradictions in the Bible and why we don’t know About them]

This altering of the original message of Jesus is also stated in the Islamic texts: the Quran and Prophetic Hadith:

“VERILY, THIS IS THE TRUE NARRATIVE CONCERNING JESUS. INDEED ALLAH IS ALMIGHTY, THE ALL-WISE.” [Quran, 3:62]

Muslims believe that Allah sent another Prophet after the Prophet Jesus, whose coming was foretold in previous scriptures such as the Torah revealed to Moses (Musa) and in the Gospels that were revealed to Jesus (Isa). This final Prophet was Muhammad. Allah stated in the Quran:

“Say O Muslims: We believe in Almighty Allah, and that which has been revealed to us, and that which has been revealed to Abraham, Ishmael, Isaac, Jacob and to the Tribes of Israel, and that which has been given to Moses and Jesus, and that which has been given to the Prophets from their Lord. We do not discriminate against any of them, and to Him (the one true Allah) we have submitted.” [Quran, 2:136]

Allah also informed mankind that the previous scriptures have been changed, altering much of the original message, and can no longer be relied upon. So from Allah’s Mercy, He sent the final Prophet, whose name was Muhammad (Peace be upon him) with the final revelation, the Quran. Allah protected it from corruption and alteration. The following are some important points of belief with respect to Jesus (Peace be upon him):

1- Muslims believe that Jesus was born of miraculous birth. Allah said in the Quran:

“The example of Jesus in the sight of Allah is like the example of Adam. Allah created him from clay and then said to him: “Be!” And he came into being. This is the truth from your Lord so do not be from those who doubt.” [Quran, 3:59-60]

From the outset it must be made clear that Muslims believe that Jesus is a Prophet of Allah, born from virgin birth, from a Noble mother, Mary (Maryam), who was untouched by any man. The Angels said to Mary:

“O Mary, verily Allah has chosen you, purified you from unbelief and immoral conduct, and chosen you above the women of creation.” [Quran, 3:42]

Then she was informed that she would have a son:

“O Mary, verily Allah gives you the glad tidings of a word spoken by Him. His name will be the Messiah Jesus, son of Mary, held in honour in this world and in the Hereafter, and of those brought near to Allah.” [Quran, 3:45]

She was a virgin, untouched so she asked:

“O my Lord, how shall I have a son when no man has touched me?”

He replied:

“So it will be, for Allah creates what He wills. When He has decreed something, He only says to it, ‘Be!’ and it is.” [Quran, 3:47]

So Jesus was created from a command from Allah Almighty, he is not the son of God and nor is Mary “the mother of god.”

In defence of the accusations against his mother, Allah promised Mary that Jesus would speak whilst still a baby:

“He will speak to the people in the cradle and in manhood, and he will be one of the righteous.” [Quran, 3:46]

2- Muslims believe Jesus was a Prophet sent by Allah, not the son of God, nor part of a Trinity. After Jesus was taken into the Heavens, Christians incorrectly began to believe that since Jesus had no worldly human father, then God (Allah) must be his literal father, and so the author of the Gospels of John who never met Jesus, stated almost a century after Christ:

“For God so loved the world, that He gave His only begotten son.” [1 John 4:9]

Brothers and Sisters! The vast majority of Christian scholars do not believe that John or any of the Apostles wrote these words. So these are clearly not the words of God, nor the words of Christ. And this ultimately led to the Prophet Jesus (Peace be upon him) himself being worshipped by later Christians. Consequently this was the introduction of the worship of others besides Allah into Christianity. Islam categorically forbids this attribution of a son to Allah:

“Say: He is Allah, the One. Allah is the Self-Sufficient He begets not, nor was He begotten, And there is none co-equal or comparable unto Him.” [Quran, 112:1-4]

Indeed there is no proof to show that any of the disciples of Christ worshipped Jesus because they knew that to worship anyone other than God (whom the Muslims refer to as Allah) would be a clear violation of the first and most important of all the commandments in the Bible:

“You shall have no other gods before me. You shall not make for yourselves any graven image, or any likeness of anything that is in heaven above, or that is in the earth beneath, or that is in the water under the earth: You shall not bow down yourselves to them, nor serve them.” [Exodus 20]

Therefore to direct worship of any sort towards the beloved Prophet Jesus or his respected mother is a clear violation of this universally agreed upon commandment. Allah commands similarly in the Quran:

“And from His signs are the night and the day, and the Sun and Moon – so do not prostrate to the Sun or the Moon but prostrate to Allah alone, the one who created them if it is He whom you truly [claim to] worship.” [Quran, 41:37]

Furthermore Allah the Most High states:

“They have disbelieved who say: Allah is the Messiah son of Mary.” [Quran, 5:72]

And He said:

“They have disbelieved who say: Allah is the third of three [in a Trinity].” [Quran, 5:73]

3- Muslims believe that Jesus and Mary were Noble humans, Servants of Allah and not objects of worship. As such Muslims revere the Prophet Jesus, and they likewise revere Mary, the mother of the Messiah. Allah stated in the Quran:

“The Messiah son of Mary is but a Messenger of Allah and Messengers before him have passed away, and his mother was a truthful woman – they both used to eat food.” [Quran, 5:75]

In this verse Allah makes it clear that Jesus is a Messenger of Allah, Mary is a truthful woman and both were humans because they ate food, which was provided to them by their Lord – showing that they were reliant upon their Lord. For any Muslim to direct worship to a Prophet or any other being besides Allah is considered to be idolatry (Shirk).

4- Jesus was a sincere and humble servant of Allah:

“And behold! Allah will say on the Day of Judgment: ‘O Jesus son of Mary! Did you say unto men, worship me and my mother as gods instead of Allah?’ He will say: ‘Glory to Thee! Never could I say what I had no right to say. Had I said such a thing, You would indeed have known it. You know what is in my inner-self, though I know not what is in Yours. For You know in full all that is hidden. Never did I say to them anything except what You commanded me to say: ‘Worship Allah, my Lord and your Lord.’ And I was a witness over them while I lived among them. When You took me up, You were the Watcher over them, and You are a witness to all things.’” [Quran, 5:116-117]

Even in the Bible there are clear statements showing that Jesus (Peace be upon him) would direct worship to Allah. Read here a verse from the Christian Bible read by all Christian Arabs:

“And Jesus said to him: Why do you call me good? No one is good except Allah alone!” [Mark 10:18]

Here Jesus distinguishes himself from Allah, i.e. that he is the worshipper and Allah is the one to be worshipped. In the Old Testament of the Arabic Bible, we find the following:

“In the beginning Allah created the Heavens and the Earth.” [Genesis, verse 1]

Many Christians in the West become astonished when they read these words, because they imagined that Allah is exclusively the deity of the Muslims, but the reality is that Allah is the Lord and Allah who created Adam and made him the first Prophet, He is the same Allah who sent Noah, Abraham, Isaac, Ishmael, Jacob, Moses, John, Jesus and Muhammad (Peace and blessings be upon them all). Many people in the West perceive Allah as a “foreign” god of the Arabs. But now you can see that the name Allah refers to the One God, Lord and Creator of all existence, who has the sole right to be worshipped.

5- Muslims believe that Jesus was not crucified but rather he was taken up into the Heavens before he could be harmed:

“They said in boast: “We killed the Messiah Jesus son of Mary, the Messenger of Allah.” But they killed him not, nor did they crucify him – but it was only made to appear as such to them.” [Quran, 4:157]

The Quran also informs us:

“And remember when Allah said: O Jesus, I will take you and raise you to Myself and clear you from the forged statements of those who disbelieve.” [Quran, 3:55]

So he was raised to the Heavens before they could capture him and kill him. Then Allah placed his image on another who was killed in his place. This further leads to the Islamic belief that he was not resurrected after death because he did not die. However the Prophet Muhammad (Peace be upon him) stated that Jesus will descend before the Last Day to establish Allah’s worship and justice on earth, he will then die as others die. This ascension of Jesus into the heavens is also mentioned in the Bible:

“And while they were gazing into heaven as Jesus ascended, behold, two men stood by them in white robes (Angels), and said, “Men of Galilee, why do you stand looking into heaven? This Jesus, who was taken up from you into heaven, will come in the same way as you saw him go into heaven.” [Acts 1:11]

Christian scribes however decided to make this ascension seem as though it occurred after the so-called resurrection so as to fit in with later Christian doctrine which prescribed that Jesus “the son of God” died for the sins of mankind. So without the death and subsequent resurrection of Christ, this doctrine would have no validity. Islam teaches that each individual carries the burden of his own sins or the sins he teaches others – and Allah readily accepts the repentance of the believing servant when he seeks forgiveness from Allah by calling upon Him directly and seeking His Mercy without any need of intercessors. Islam is vehemently monotheistic and regards any act of worship directed towards other than Allah to be polytheistic. So worship such as supplication, prostration, seeking refuge, seeking divine aid, assistance and support, seeking forgiveness and deliverance and so on can only be sought from the one true God, Allah.

6- Muslims affirm and believe in the Miracles of Jesus (Peace be upon him) that took place by the permission of Allah:

“O Jesus son of Mary! Remember my favour to you and to your mother when I supported you with the Angel Gabriel so that you spoke to the people from the cradle as a baby and in maturity. Behold! I taught you the Book and the Wisdom, the Torah and the Gospel. And you made out of clay the figure of a bird and you breathed into it, and it became a living bird by my permission, and you healed those born blind, and the lepers by my permission. And behold! You brought forth the dead by my permission. And when I restrained the Children of Israel from you when they resolved to kill you after you came to them with clear proofs and those who disbelieved among them said, ‘This is nothing but magic.’” [Quran, 5:110]

Respected Brothers and Sisters! These miracles were performed by the permission of Allah as a sign for the people of his Prophethood and truthfulness. Many of the Prophets were given miracles by the permission of Allah: Moses (Musa) parted the Red Sea by Allah’s permission, Muhammad split the Moon in two by Allah’s permission and so on.

7- Jesus is the brother of the Prophets. The Prophet Muhammad (Peace and blessings be upon him) said:

“I am the closest of all the people to Jesus the son of Mary in this life and in the life after death.” His disciples asked him: “How is that O Messenger of Allah?” He replied: “The Prophets are paternal brothers – their mothers are different but their Religion is one, and there was no Prophet between myself and Jesus.”

It is established by way of the Torah, the Gospels, the Quran and the authentic Prophetic tradition that the lineage of Muhammad and Jesus goes back to the Prophet Abraham (Ibrahim Peace be upon him). Abraham had two sons: Ishmael and Isaac. Isaac’s son was Jacob also known as Israel. Jacob had twelve sons from whom emanate the Children and tribes of Israel and its Prophets. From the lineage of the Prophet Ishmael descended the Prophet Muhammad through the Arabian tribes. All of mankind are obligated by these revealed texts to accept Muhammad as the final Prophet and the Quran as the final revelation that has abrogated all previous revelations. Allah commanded humans to testify that, “there is no diety worthy of worship in truth except for Almighty Allah; and Muhammad is His servant and Messenger; and Jesus the son of Mary is His servant and Messenger.” You too can testify to this right now.

8- The unbelievers plotted against Jesus in his life to have him killed but Allah saved him. Allah said in the Quran:

“Meanwhile the disbelievers plotted to have Jesus killed, and Allah plotted in response, and Allah is the best of plotters.” [Quran, 2:54]

The unbelievers plotted to kill Jesus, but Allah plotted in response to the wrongdoers. So this deemed the plot of Allah to be a praiseworthy attribute because it established justice. Allah changed the form and features of one of the people present so that he resembled Jesus. It is said that one of those who plotted against Jesus was changed by Allah to look like Jesus, and was executed in his place, though he pleaded that he was not Jesus. He left out to get Jesus killed but found himself being arrested and executed. So that sealed the plot of Allah against them in the best way. Another saying is that when the unbelievers came to seize Jesus, Jesus asked his disciples who would wish to take his place in this world to be seized and killed, and in turn receive the promise of Paradise for his sacrifice. So one of the disciples stepped forward, was seized and executed. In this is the fruition of the plot of Allah in response to their plotting in that they were not able to kill Jesus. Allah stated:

“They say in boast, ‘We killed the Messiah Jesus son of Mary, the Messenger of Allah.’ But they killed him not, nor did they crucified him, but the resemblance of Jesus was put over another man.” [Quran, 4:157]

9- Muslims believe that Jesus (Peace be upon him) is the anointed Messiah who will return at the end of time and fight and kill the Anti-Christ (Dajjal). The Prophet Muhammad (Peace be upon him) said:

“By Him in whose Hand is my very soul, Jesus son of Mary will soon descend among you as a just judge. He will break the cross, kill the swine, abolish the jizyah (the duty paid by non-Muslims living under the protection of a Muslim country) and the wealth will pour forth to such an extent none will accept charity.” [Bukhari]

The cross is not but an object of torture and execution used in ancient times, it is not a symbol of God or Christ. So it is strange that centuries after Christ, it was used as a charm, kissed, revered and worshipped – would Jesus recognise this strange practice to be a teaching that he taught his disciples? Furthermore, Jesus himself was not crucified so it has no connection to him, even symbolically. The Prophet Muhammad (Peace be upon him) also said:

“There is no Prophet between me and Jesus (Peace be upon him). He will descend to the earth, and when you see him, you will recognise him as a man of medium height, reddish fair, wearing two light yellow garments, he will look as if drops were falling down from his head though it will not be wet… He will kill the Antichrist and will live on the earth for forty years and then die. Then the Muslims will pray the funeral prayer for him.” [Abu Dawud]

So the true followers of Jesus today believe also in Muhammad as a Messenger and devoted Servant of the same Allah who sent Jesus.

10- Choose Islam today: The Prophet Muhammad (Peace be upon him) said:

“Whoever says, ‘I testify that none has the right to be worshipped except Allah alone, He has no partners in worship – and Muhammad is His devoted Servant and Messenger, and Jesus is His devoted servant, the son of His maid-servant Mary, he was Allah’s Word which He announced unto Mary and His spirit – and he testifies that Paradise is true, and Hellfire is true, then Allah will enter him into Paradise through whichever of the eight gates of Paradise he pleases.” [Bukhari]

This single utterance spoken sincerely and truthfully will enter you into the Islamic fold and put you on a path to Paradise and Allah’s eternal pleasure.

“Educated, intelligent Christian men and women are accepting the Islam of Noah, Abraham, Moses, Jesus and Muhammad after learning and verifying that Christ’s original true message was fused with Egyptian and Roman mythology to create a new religion so as to make it palatable and acceptable to Roman [Pagan] Europe. I have studied him (Muhammad), that wonderful man, and in my opinion, far from being an Anti-Christ, he must be called the saviour of humanity.” [George Bernard Shaw, in his book ‘The Genuine Islam’]

TO US (MUSLIMS) AND EVERY SINCERE SEEKER OF TRUTH, JESUS IS A RESPECTED PROPHET, BELOVED MESSENGER AND DEVOTED SERVANT OF ALLAH, NOT GOD OR SON OF GOD.

I ask Allah to assist us in living by the Quran and Sunnah. I pray He lets us recognise the truth for what it is and helps us to follow it, and that He lets us see falsehood for what it is and helps us to avoid it.

O Allah! Guide us and protect us from the causes of ignorance and destruction! Save us from the defects of ourselves! Cause the last of our deeds to be the best and most righteous! And forgive all of us.

My respected people! Anything good I have said in my today’s Khutbah (Sermon) is from Allah the Almighty, and any mistakes are my own and I seek refuge in Allah from giving wrong advice and from all forms of calamities and fitnah. And I ask Allah’s forgiveness if I stepped beyond bounds in anything I said or I do.

May Allah be praised; and may the peace and blessings of Allah be upon His Messenger Muhammad and upon his family and Companions.

With this I conclude my Khutbah (Sermon) and ask Allah, the Almighty and the Sublime, to forgive all of our sins. So seek his forgiveness, He is all forgiving and Most Merciful.

This Jumu’ah Khutbah (Friday Sermon) was prepared for delivery today, Friday, Rabi’ul Thani 3rd, 1439 AH (December 22, 2017), by Imam Murtadha Muhammad Gusau, the Chief Imam of Nagazi-Uvete Jumu’ah and late Alhaji Abdurrahman Okene’s Mosques, Okene Kogi State, Nigeria. He can be reached via: +2348038289761 or gusaumurtada@gmail.com

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