In The Name Of Allah, The Beneficent, The Merciful
All praise is due to Allah Alone; and may peace and blessings be upon the Final Prophet Muhammad, his family, and Companions.
I don’t know why we should be playing politics with peoples lives. In a responsible society these things wouldn’t happen. We tend to put premium on politics over peoples lives. If the Inspector General of police is incompetent he should be removed. I don’t see why we will take lives for granted. As these killings are taking place now, only Allah knows what will happen during election and after the election.
Making Qunut when the people are afflicted by temporary trials is one of the lawful acts in Salah (Prayer). This is one of the authentically established acts of Sunnah reported in the two authentic Books of Hadith (i.e. Al-Bukhari and Muslim) in addition to other books. It is narrated on the authority of Anas Ibn Malik (may Allah be pleased with him) that:
“The Prophet (Peace be upon him) sent seventy men, called Al-Qurra’ (Quran Reciters), for some purpose. Two clans of Banu Sulaim, namely Ri’il and Zakwan, obstructed their way near a well known as Ma‘unah Well. The people (i.e. Al-Qurra’) said, ‘By Allah, we have not come to harm you, but we are passing by you on our way to do something for the Prophet (Peace be upon him).’ But (the two clans) killed them. The Prophet (Peace be upon him) therefore invoked against them for a month during Salatul Subhi (morning Prayer).”
It is also narrated on the authority of Abu Hurairah and Anas
(May Allah be pleased with them) that the Prophet (Peace be upon him) made Qunut after Ruku‘u (bowing) in the last Raka‘ah (unit of Prayer) for one month: “Upon raising his head (from bowing) he would say, ‘Sami Allahu liman hamidah [Allah listens to those who praise Him], Rabbana wa lakal hamd [Our Lord, to you is the Praise],’ then he would supplicate to Allah for certain men whom he mentioned by name, saying, ‘O Allah! Save Al-Walid Ibn Al-Walid and Salamah Ibn Hisham and Ayyash Ibn Abu Rabi’ah and the oppressed believers. O Allah! Harden Your Punishment against the tribe of Mudar and inflict upon them years (of famine) like the years (the famine which broke out at the time) of Yusuf (AS).’” There are many other well-known Hadith supporting the same meaning.
Afflictions for which supplication while standing in Salah is legislated are those which concern the Ummah in general, such as when the disbelievers attack Muslims, supplicating for the Muslim captives, and for Muslims who are afflicted by famine, for the killing of the innocent people and for the spread of epidemics, etc.
Qunut Al-Nawazil (Qunut for removing calamities) is to be said after rising from the Ruku‘u (bowing) of the last Raka‘ah in all the obligatory Prayers, whether Prayer recited out loud or Prayer with subvocal recitation. This is more confirmed in Fajr (Dawn) Prayer. It is reported on the authority of Ibn Abbas (may Allah be pleased with him and his father) that:
“The Messenger of Allah (Peace be upon him) continued to make Qunut for a month successively at the Zuhr (Noon), Asr (Afternoon), Maghrib (Sunset), Isha’ (Night) and Fajr (Dawn) Prayers, at the end of every Salah. When he said, ‘SamiAllahu liman hamidah [Allah listens to those who praise Him],’ in the last Raka‘ah, he would invoke Allah against some clans of Banu Sulaim, namely Ri’il, Zakwan, and Usayyah while those praying behind him would answer, Ameen.’” [Related by Imam Ahmad and Abu Dawud]
There is no specific Du‘a to say in Qunut Al-Nawazil, but Muslims should supplicate at every time with what is suitable for their circumstances under the affliction. Anyone who supplicates in afflictions with Du‘a-ul-Qunut that is said in the Witr (Prayer with an odd number of units), which is, “Allahummahdina fiman hadait… [O Allah, guide me among those You have guided…], has contradicted the Sunnah and missed the purpose. The Prophet (Peace be upon him) did not invoke Allah in afflictions with this Du‘a; rather, he used to teach it to the people to say it in the Witr Prayer.
Qunut Al-Nawazil is legislated from the time a calamity occurs until it is removed.
The Imams of the Mosques, may Allah grant them success, have to strive to learn the Sunnah and to abide by it in all matters, because people imitate them and learn from them. Careful caution must be paid not to contradict the Sunnah, either out of exaggeration or negligence. This applies to Du‘a-ul-Qunut said in the Witr Prayer and upon occurrence of Nawazil (calamities). What Islam prescribes is to supplicate with all-inclusive words, using the authentically reported supplications that should be said with calmness and submissiveness. There must be no elongation, redundancy, or causing hardship to the persons being led by an Imam in Prayer. The Imam should make Qunut only in general afflictions.
Truly, the Ummah is in dire need of our prayers. Try to get together with friends and family at fajr at least and ask the Imam to perform the qunut for the oppressed, particularly for the killing of innocent people taking place in Nigeria!
All praise be to Allah Alone, Lord of the worlds, and peace and blessings be upon His Messenger, and his family and Companions.
Your Brother: Imam Murtadha Muhammad Gusau, from Okene, Kogi State, Nigeria. He can be reached through: firstname.lastname@example.org or +2348038289761.