Friday Sermon: Beware Of Atheism (Iyyakum Wal Ilhaad), By Imam Gusau
In the Name of Allah, the Most Beneficent, the Most Merciful
All thanks and praise is due to Allah, we seek His help and forgiveness. We seek refuge in Allah from the evil within ourselves and the consequences of our evil deeds.
Whoever Allah guides will never be led astray, and whoever Allah leads astray will never find guidance. I bear witness that there is no god but Allah, He is alone without any partners, and I bear witness that Muhammad is His servant and His Messenger.
“O you who have believed, fear Allah as He should be feared and do not die except as Muslims in submission to Him.” [Quran, 3:102]
“O mankind, fear your Lord, who created you from one soul and created from it its mate and dispersed from both of them many men and women. And fear Allah, through whom you ask one another, and the wombs. Verily, Allah is ever watching over you.” [Quran, 4:1]
“O you who have believed, fear Allah and speak words of appropriate justice. He will then amend for you your deeds and forgive your sins, and whoever obeys Allah and His Messenger has certainly attained a great attainment.” [Quran, 33:70-71]
Verily, the most truthful speech is the Book of Allah, the best guidance is the guidance of Muhammad, and the worst affairs are newly invented matters (in the religion). Every newly invented matter is a religious innovation, and every religious innovation is misguidance, and every misguidance is in the Hellfire.
Respected Servants of Allah! Atheism, in modern terminology, means denying the Creator (Allah) altogether, denying that He exists and not acknowledging Him, may He be glorified and exalted. The universe and everything in it, according to their claims, came about purely by chance. Wallahi this is a strange view which is contrary to sound human nature, reason and logic, and is contrary to simple logic and indisputable facts.
Brothers and Sisters! As I said, Atheism is the denial that Allah exists. In Arabic, its known as AL-ILHAAD. An atheist is a person who disbelieves in Allah, His names, His attributes, His Lordship, and denies that worship should be directed to Him. The atheists have the belief that this world came into existence without a creator by an eternal material. This material is considered to them to be the creator of creation. Along with this, they reject the Messengers and religion.
The atheists themselves are divided into two types;
1- Those who deny Allah totally.
2- Agnosticism, those who say, “ We don’t know if Allah is the Creator and if He exists.
Both groups have no faith in Allah and doubt His existence. When researching an atheist’s situation it’s clear that they aren’t convinced in the signs of Allah as being the Creator. Their beliefs aren’t truly based on any scientific theories and facts.
Maurice Blondel, a French philosopher, once said:
“There really isn’t no true atheists.”
For that reason, it’s not farfetched that you find a group of them affirming Allah’s existence, but they say that He disappeared after creating this world. This is a major crime and sin.
Allah the Almighty said:
“And they say: “The Most Beneficent (Allah) has begotten a son (or offspring or children) [as the Jews say: Uzair (Ezra) is the son of Allah, and the Christians say that He has begotten a son [Isa (Jesus Christ)], and the pagan Arabs say that He has begotten daughters (angels, etc.)].” Indeed you have brought forth (said) a terrible evil thing. Whereby the heavens are almost torn, and the earth is split asunder, and the mountains fall in ruins, that they ascribe a son (or offspring or children) to the Most Beneficent (Allah).” [Quran, 88-91]
In the past Atheism wasn’t really widespread and only a few people had this belief similar to Fir’aun (Pharaoh). After him, there was an atheistic trend in the medieval Islam known as materialism [ ???????]. However today since the end of the seventeen and the beginning of the eighteen century, and the spread of technology the rise of atheism began. Those eras were the periods of Marxism and Darwinism, and Nietzsche and Freud. These philosophers fought against the Catholic Church in Europe and it’s from them the ideology of atheism spread.
Brothers and Sisters! There isn’t any sincere particular school dedicated to the teachings of atheism. Atheists generally base their beliefs off of experiments and philosophy and from this they have divided into various sects among themselves as follows:
* Secularism: Those who want to establish the state off of resources and material and not religion.
* Existentialism: A philosophical theory or approach which emphasizes the existence of the individual person as a free and responsible agent determining their own development through acts of the will.
* Positivism: A philosophical system recognizing only that which can be scientifically verified or which is capable of logical or mathematical proof, and therefore rejecting metaphysics and theism.
* Socialism: Founded by Karl Marx, a policy or practice based on the political and economic theory of socialism that denies the existence of Allah.
* Darwinism: the theory of the evolution of species by natural selection advanced by Charles Darwin.
Last to add to this list is an evil form of atheism, that has recently spread around the world, and is picking up momentum in the Arab and African Worlds, known as Devil Worship, or the Church of Satan.
Servants of Allah! Atheism goes against the natural disposition of man and the intellect. Despite this, it has spread and found its way in the Muslim World. Some people have fallen into this trend of atheism as a result of being brainwashed while living among the disbelievers or being educated in their system or they didn’t receive strong and proper Islamic training/upbringing from their parents. Other reasons stem from the inability to accept the Qadr and Qada of Allah or accept it in its correct manner, in particularly the things related to the actions of Allah and the servants. Moreover, we find people going to atheism when they are ignorant of Islam. The Muslims who are running to atheism and of the Church of Satan are following their desires or have an unbridled desire to live what they call freedom. Therefore they don’t consider anything Halal [lawful] or Haram [prohibited]. Also those who are in the shade of atheism don’t believe there is anyone watching over them, no account, no punishment and no reward. Allah’s aide is sought!
Servants of Allah! Most people who consider themselves intellectuals due to their status, or on educational certificates have taken the path of denying Allah’s presence due to arrogance. Allah the Most High said:
“Verily, those who dispute about the Ayat (proofs, evidences, verses, lessons, signs, revelations, etc.) of Allah, without any authority having come to them, there is nothing else in their breasts except pride [to accept you (Muhammad ) as a Messenger of Allah and to obey you].”
* Arrogance leads to many atrocities
– Denying things you comprehend – Allah said:
“Nay, they deny that; the knowledge whereof they could not compass.” [Yunus :39]
– Turning away from the truth and listening to it – Allah said:
“And never came an Ayah from among the Ayat (proofs, shreds of evidence, verses, lessons, signs, revelations, etc.) of their Lord to them, but they did turn away from it.” [Ya-Sin: 46]
– Being content with the knowledge you possess and rejecting the Shari’a – Allah said:
“Then when their Messengers came to them with clear proofs, they were glad (and proud) with that which they had of the knowledge (of worldly things): And that at which they used to mock, surrounded them (i.e. the punishment).” [Ghafir :83]
– Blind-following misguided leaders – Allah said:
“And similarly, We sent not a warner before you (O Muhammad ) to any town (people) but the luxurious ones (elites) among them said: We found our fathers following a certain way and religion, and we will indeed follow their footsteps.” [Az-Zukhruf :23]
– The final result of arrogance is the increase of misguidance – Allah said:
“So when they turned away (from the Path of Allah), Allah turned their hearts away (from the Right Path).” [As-Saff :5]
Now what are the pillars of atheism, its foundations, and the approach on which unilateral thought was based were founded?
It’s sufficient to say there isn’t any complete thought among atheists that fully explain their theories from beginning to end. Some atheists will come and present a bunch of awkward questions answered by their doubts and assumptions, which don’t satisfy a person’s thirst for knowledge. They have established their foundation and thought both based on experimental theories or philosophy.
* Experimental Theories
Two of the most widely known experimental theories are evolution and the big bang theory. Charles Darwin wrote a book titled, The Origin of Species; which serves as a major reference point for an atheist who defends the theory of evolution. Atheists believe that Darwin’s theory of evolution explains life; however, when it’s closely examined there are still many unanswered questions that remain. Therefore this theory is flawed. Darwin’s theory doesn’t cover all aspects of life. For instance, insects make up eighty percent of animals. Did these insects evolve or remain, and why didn’t the principles of evolution go into effect with them. Insects are living beings and they weren’t included in Darwin’s theory of evolution as well as birds.
The main distraction in this theory of Darwin’s is the question, how do non-living things transform into living? Their only response is, “by coincidence.” Referring to happenings by coincidence isn’t an academic answer. Darwin also concluded that man evolved from apes as they share the same illnesses as humans. The question to ask here is why apes, and not rats? Rats and humans share the same diseases as well, like cancer.
Darwin viewed evolution for every species consists of individuals that show considerable variations. Under certain environmental conditions, particular variations will be most advantageous. Natural selection weeds out the unadapted and the best-adapted survive. These variations become dominant in the species and so it evolves. In the case of giraffes, times of drought and arid conditions give an advantage to those animals that can out-compete others by reaching the higher, untouched leaves. They form the ancestral stock of the animals that evolve into giraffes.
This is also rejected as the necks of goats didn’t evolve. They need long necks to eat leaves from high trees, and their necks didn’t expand over time.
* The Big Bang Theory
In summary, the origin of creation comes from one cell that was swimming in a time and place then one day all of sudden it just exploded about fifteen million years ago. So based off of this theory this world came from the cell that was the size of a pin. The question they’re unable to answer about this theory is where did that cell come from?
Why was this cell still then moved all of a sudden?
What’s the difference between the moments of the explosion compared to others?
How did the big bang organize such a well-structured universe?
How did non-living thing come from matter and transform into living beings with intellects?
Whenever you ask an atheist the question about how non-living beings became living, they reply, by coincidence. Coincidence is Lord of the Worlds according to atheists.
Philosophers give precedence to the intellect over the texts (Nusus). They believe that the mind is able to grasp everything that exists in its senses. In reality with this belief, they go against the limits of the mind and the body’s senses. The mind doesn’t have the ability to comprehend everything.
Imam Ibn Battah mentioned that:
“Man came to Abdullah Ibn Abbas with his son. His son said, He was puzzled by his mind and this went to his heart, so he brought him to Ibn Abbas. Abdullah Ibn Abbas said: “Look over there nephew and tell me what is that black thing you see over there?”. He replied, “So and so.” Ibn Abbas said: “That’s’ right, and what is that image behind you?” The boy replied, “I don’t know.” Ibn Abbas said: My nephew the same way Allah has placed a limited limit without a veil, likewise, He has placed on the Heart’s sight a limit, so don’t go beyond its bounds and limits.” [See ‘Atheism, its means of spreading, its dangers, and ways to combat it, by Shaykh Salih Ibn Abdil Aziz Sindi]
The same applies to the senses. It’s not everything that exists can be confined to the five senses.We accept the fact that the senses exist, but what is the proof that something outside of these five senses doesn’t exist?
Measuring the existence of thing according to the five senses wallahi is a weak criterion; as sometimes our senses deceive us. For example there are times that things appear to us outside of its true form. During the afternoon on a very hot day doesn’t it appear that water is in front of you in the desert, but it’s a mirage? And when a pen is placed in a glass of water doesn’t it appear broken? The mind and senses are always to be trusted. The mind doesn’t have the ability to explain everything.
The soul, for example, is something that can’t be explained although it’s the closest thing to you. The mind truly can’t be explained, nor can visions or dreams. If we accept the argument that just because Allah can’t be seen right now this means He doesn’t exist then we’d have to discard many experiments and scientific conclusions. For instance gravity, electrons, Ether, or Atoms and so forth are all things we affirm exist, even though we can’t see them.
Just because we are unable to see Allah it doesn’t mean He doesn’t exist. It’s enough to look at His creation and its system in order to recognize He is in existent. The methodology of atheism is one of the contradictions which has no true criterion except desires.
The Debate between Prophet Musa (Moses) and Fir’aun (Pharaoh) (An Atheist Versus A Muslim):
Brothers and Sisters! Allah the Most High said:
“We will show them Our Signs in the universe, and in their ownselves, until it becomes manifest to them that this (the Quran) is the truth. Is it not sufficient in regard to your Lord that He is a Witness over all things?” [ Al-Fussilat :43]
The thoughts that come to one’s mind which voluntarily submit to Allah’s Lordship.
“In the Name of Allah, the Most Beneficent, the Most Merciful.
2- All the praises and thanks be to Allah, the Lord of the Alamin (mankind, jinns and all that exists).
3- The Most Beneficent, the Most Merciful.
4- The Only Owner (and the Only Ruling Judge) of the Day of Recompense (i.e. the Day of Resurrection).
5- You (Alone) we worship, and You (Alone) we ask for help (for each and everything).
6- Guide us to the Straight Way.
7- The Way of those on whom You have bestowed Your Grace, not (the way) of those who earned Your Anger, nor of those who went astray.” [Al-Fatihah :1-7]
The Debate Between a Believer and non-believer… [Musa and Fir’aun]
“And what is the Lord of the Alamin (mankind, jinns and all that exists)?” [Surah Ash-Shu’ara :23]
Fir’aun asked this question denying Allah the Lord of Heavens and Earth exists. He denied everything the Prophets, the Heavens and Earth and what the intellect and natural disposition acknowledges.
“Our Lord is He Who gave to each thing its form and nature, then guided it aright.” [Ta-Ha :50]
Musa (Moses) said:
“Lord of the heavens and the earth, and all that is between them, if you seek to be convinced with certainty.” [Ash-Shu’ara :24]
Musa (Moses) said:
“Lord of the east and the west, and all that is between them, if you did but understand!” [Ash-Shu’ara :28]
These are the Heavens with their stars, planets, suns and moons. The Earth has mountains, gardens, animals and human-beings. This planet has clouds, winds, seas and deserts. Allah created all of these things and He manages them, nurtures them and by the fact that he arranged them in this fashion is a sign that He exists.
These creations in the Heavens and in the Earth prove Allah’s knowledge, His Will, His Might, His Wisdom and His Mercy:
“Our Lord is He Who gave to each thing its form and nature, then guided it aright.” [Ta-Ha :50]
Allah created man after he was nonexistent then guided him through customary actions, his nature, the five senses, his thinking and his intellect. Allah guided man to the religion (Islam) that makes him righteous and leads him to purpose of his creation.
“Verily! In the creation of the heavens and the earth, and in the alternation of night and day, and the ships which sail through the sea with that which is of use to mankind, and the water (rain) which Allah sends down from the sky and makes the earth alive therewith after its death, and the moving (living) creatures of all kinds that He has scattered therein, and in the veering of winds and clouds which are held between the sky and the earth, are indeed Ayat (proofs, evidences, signs, etc.) for people of understanding.” [Al-Baqarah :164]
This design and the organization of these creations are well planned and are clear signs to man’s psychic that the organizer of this World’s design is Wise, Merciful, and Compassionate. The sound mind and Fitrah [disposition] believe in all of these things about Allah.
Fir’aun (Pharaoh) said to those around:
“Do you not hear (what he says)?” [Ash-Shu’ara :25]
Fir’aun (Pharaoh) said:
“Verily, your Messenger who has been sent to you is a madman.” [Ash-Shu’ara :27]
“What about the generations of old?“ [Ta-Ha :51]
Fir’aun reviled Musa publicly calling him crazy because he mentioned things that were unknown to them. Musa denied Materialism and this is what Fir’aun and his group accepted and acted by among themselves. Fir’aun and his people thought the previous nations were the same.i.e, They only believed in what they could see and rejected everything that they couldn’t. In other words, They don’t believe in the unseen and He is the Creator of these visible things.
“Our Lord is He Who gave to each thing its form and nature, then guided it aright.” [Ta-Ha :50]
“The Lord of the heavens and the earth and all that is between them, if you (but) have a faith with certainty.” [Ad-Dukhan :7]
“Lord of the east and the west, and all that is between them, if you did but understand!” [Ash-Shura: 28]
[Fir’aun (Pharaoh)] said:
“What about the generations of old?”
“The knowledge thereof is with my Lord, in a Record. My Lord is neither unaware nor He forgets,” Who has made earth for you like a bed (spread out); and has opened roads (ways and paths etc.) for you therein; and has sent down water (rain) from the sky. And We have brought forth with it various kinds of vegetation. Eat and pasture your cattle, (therein); verily, in this are proofs and signs for men of understanding.” [Ta-Ha :52-54]
The generations of old and everything that took place there among the believers and disbelievers is all recorded. Their Creator isn’t unaware of their deeds. He knows their actions and beliefs and they are noted in his book which is error free, and has no negligence or misguidance.
My Lord is the one who has made the Earth well-prepared and good enough for you to live in. The entire Earth isn’t an ocean; inhabitable for land animals and humans. The whole Earth isn’t mountains and rocks; not suitable for plants and living, along with other subsistence for life; such as food and drinks.
Among the organization of this World is you are able to connect the East to the West by air, land or sea. The layout of this Earth makes it easy for ships and caravans to travel to do business.
Fresh water falls from the sky clean and pure without any salt and bitterness. This water gives life to plants, to animals and to mankind. If there was no rain life on Earth would cease to exist and the entire Globe would become a wasteland.
Allah the Almighty said:
“It is He (Allah) Who sends down water (rain) from the sky; from it you drink and from it (grows) the vegetation on which you send your cattle to pasture; With it He causes to grow for you the crops, the olives, the date-palms, the grapes, and every kind of fruit. Verily! In this is indeed an evident proof and a manifest sign for people who give thought.” [An-Nahl :10-11]
Allah the Most High said:
“And the earth! We have spread it out, and set thereon mountains standing firm, and have produced therein every kind of lovely growth (plants). An insight and a Reminder for every slave turning to Allah (i.e. the one who believes in Allah and performs deeds of His obedience, and always begs His pardon). And We send down blessed water (rain) from the sky, then We produce therewith gardens and grain (every kind of harvests) that are reaped.. And tall date-palms, with ranged clusters; A provision for (Allah’s) slaves. And We give life therewith to a dead land.” [Qaf :7-11]
“It is He Who sends down water (rain) from the sky, and with it We bring forth vegetation of all kinds, and out of it We bring forth green stalks, from which We bring forth thick clustered grain. And out of the date-palm and its spathe come forth clusters of dates hanging low and near, and gardens of grapes, olives and pomegranates, each similar (in kind) yet different (in variety and taste). Look at their fruits when they begin to bear, and the ripeness thereof. Verily! In these things there are signs for people who believe.” [Al-An’am :99]
“Is not He (better than your gods) Who created the heavens and the earth, and sends down for you water (rain) from the sky, whereby We cause to grow wonderful gardens full of beauty and delight? It is not in your ability to cause the growth of their trees. Is there any ilah (god) with Allah? Nay, but they are a people who ascribe equals (to Him)! Is not He (better than your gods) Who has made the earth as a fixed abode, and has placed rivers in its midst, and has placed firm mountains therein, and has set a barrier between the two seas (of salt and sweet water). Is there any ilah (god) with Allah? Nay, but most of them know not.” [An-Naml :60-61]
“Allah is He Who sends the winds, so they raise clouds, and spread them along the sky as He wills, and then break them into fragments, until you see rain drops come forth from their midst! Then when He has made them fall on whom of His slaves as He will, lo! they rejoice! And verily before that (rain), just before it was sent down upon them, they were in despair! Look then at the effects (results) of Allah’s Mercy, how He revives the earth after its death. Verily! That (Allah) Who revived the earth after its death shall indeed raise the dead (on the Day of Resurrection), and He is Able to do all things.” [Ar-Rum :48-50]
“See you not that Allah drives the clouds gently, then joins them together, then makes them into a heap of layers, and you see the rain comes forth from between them. And He sends down from the sky hail (like) mountains, (or there are in the heaven mountains of hail from where He sends down hail), and strike therewith whom He will, and averts it from whom He wills. The vivid flash of its (clouds) lightning nearly blinds the sight.” [An-Nur :53]
“See you not that the ships sail through the sea by Allah’s Grace? That He may show you of His Signs? Verily, in this are signs for every patient, grateful (person). And when a wave covers them like shades (i.e. like clouds or the mountains of sea-water), they invoke Allah, making their invocations for Him only. But when He brings them safe to land, there are among them those that stop in the middle, between (Belief and disbelief). But none denies Our Signs except every perfidious ungrateful.” [Luqman :31-32]
“And if you would count the graces of Allah, never could you be able to count them. Truly! Allah is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful.” [An-Nahl :18]
Brothers and Sisters! I mentioned these verses in the context that Musa used them as evidence against the Atheism of Fir’aun (Pharaoh). These verses are appropriate for Musa’s detailed argument for the things he quoted. These verses are clear and supportive evidence. Allah’s Messenger (Peace be upon him) said:
“The prophets are paternal brothers; their mothers are different, but their religion is one.” [Al-Bukhari and Muslim]
The Prophets are Allah’s ambassadors to creation and the guiding light to Him. The methodology and eras are all different, but the goal and path is one. Their objective is to know Allah, believe in Him, worship Him and love him the Most High humbly.
I ask Allah to assist us in living by the Quran and Sunnah. I pray He lets us recognise the truth for what it is and helps us to follow it, and that He lets us see falsehood for what it is and helps us to avoid it.
O Allah! Guide us and protect us from the causes of ignorance and destruction! Save us from the defects of ourselves! Cause the last of our deeds to be the best and most righteous! And forgive all of us.
My Respected Brothers and Sisters! Know that, anything good I have said in my today’s Khutbah (Sermon) is from Allah the Almighty, and any mistakes are my own and we seek refuge in Allah from giving wrong advice and from all forms of calamities and fitnah. And I ask Allah’s forgiveness if I stepped beyond bounds in anything I said or I do.
May Allah be praised; and may the peace and blessings of Allah be upon His Messenger Muhammad and upon his family and Companions.
With this I conclude my Khutbah (Sermon) and ask Allah, the Almighty and the Sublime, to forgive all of our sins. So seek his forgiveness, He is all forgiving and Most Merciful.
This Jumu’ah Khutbah (Friday Sermon) was prepared for delivery today, Friday, Rabi’ul Thani 10, 1439 AH (December 29, 2017), by Imam Murtadha Muhammad Gusau, the Chief Imam of Nagazi-Uvete Jumu’ah and late Alhaji Abdurrahman Okene’s Mosques, Okene Kogi State, Nigeria. He can be reached via: +2348038289761 or email@example.com