Eid Al- Adha Celebration: History And The Do’s
The Eid Al- Adha is an Islamic Festival celebration that relieves the period that Abraham was asked to sacrifice his son Ismael. It acknowledges the willingness of Abraham known as Ibrahim to sacrifice his only son doing the will of God without Question until God through Angel Jubril Intervened.
History of Eid Al- Adha
The celebration is a perfection of a religion that started around the 7th Century. The sacrifice of the Ram is a commemoration.
The Eid history dates back four thousand years ago when God instructed Abraham to bring his wife Hagar and his son to Mecca a place that was a dry, rocky and uninhabited from Canaan Land. Abraham was preparing to return to Canaan Land when his wife Hagar asked if God had asked him to leave them back or he is leaving them to die of which Abraham did not even look back to avoid disobeying God or exposing his sadness, he just nodded and left. Although enough food and supplies were left for Hagar and his son Ishmael they ran out very quickly and not for long did they begin to feel the pangs of hunger and thirst.
Hagar ran up and down between two hills called Al-Safa and Al-Marwah seven times after which she collapsed beside her son and asked God for deliverance and miraculously water sprung from the earth and this water supply is presently known as ZamZam Well where pilgrims believe if they drink of their prayers to God will be answered.
Years later God instructed Abraham to return from Canaan Land to build a place of worship opposite Hagar’s well. He built a stone and mortar structure which is called Kabba where people who wanted to pray to strengthen their faith which laid the foundation for Mecca.
When Ishmael was 13 and Abraham 99, he started having recurring dreams where God asked him to sacrifice his only son which he had asked God for many years. Abraham went ahead to do the wishes of the Divine being, but decided to tell his son beforehand, Ishamel’s Maturity in faith was tested as well but after all his father had told him he said ‘”Father, do what you have been commanded. You will find me, Insha’Allah (God willing), to be very patient.” After Abraham has slit the throat of Ishmael but found out he was not hurt instead there was a slaughtered Ram, he had passed his test do God’s will and that is exactly what Eid Al-Ahda is all about. Abraham had shown that his love for God superseded all others: that he would lay down his own life or the lives of those dearest to him in submission to God’s command. Muslims commemorate this ultimate act of sacrifice every year during Eid al-Adha.
Another reason that the Eid- Al Adha is celebrated is to acknowledge the fifth Pillar of Islam. The Prophet Mohammed performed Hajj, did a pilgrimage from Medina to Mecca on Foot. On his way back a particular verse of the Koran was sent to him via Angel Jubril God said He had perfected his religion and it would be called Islam, ‘Enjoin your people to worship me and me alone, offer salat in a timely manner, give alms to the poor, fast in the month of Ramadan and go to Hajj if you have the means’. The fifth Pillar of Islam which states ‘go to Hajj if you have the means’ is part of the entire celebration with seven activities to be completed before the festival of the Eid Al Adha.
Ihram: This is a state of holiness which consists of wearing white seamless clothes for both Men and Women, declaring the intention to perform Pilgrimage and refraining from certain activities like lipping nails, shaving body parts, sexual relations, getting married and more.
Tawaf and sa’ay: Tawaf means walking seven times counter clockwise around the Kaaba (the stone built by Abraham) Tawaf is followed by sa’ay, running or walking seven times between the hills of Safa and Marwah, located near Kaaba.
Mina: After the morning prayer on the 8th of Dhu al-Hijjah, the pilgrims proceed to Mina where they spend the whole day offering prayers.
Arafat: Where they pray for atonement, listen to sermons from Islamic scholars, from noon through sunset. It is known as ‘Standing before God’ A pilgrim’s Hajj is considered null and void if they do not spend the afternoon on Arafat.
Muzdalifah: Pilgrims must leave Arafat to Muzdalifah which is an area between Arafat and Mina where they perform Maghrib and Isha prayer and sleeping on open ground with open sky.
Ramy al-Jamarat: This is also known as stoning the devil, seven stones are thrown at the largest pillars known as Jamrat al Aqabah, the pillars are said to represent satan.
Animal Sacrifice: After casting stones animals are slaughtered to commemorate Abraham and Ishmael.
Hair Removal: This is also known as Halak, Men are expected to cut short their hair and women, get tips of their hair cut.
Tawaf Al-Ifaadah: Pilgrims revisit the masjid al Haram Mosque in Mecca for Tawaf al –Ifaadah which symbolises being in a hurry to respond to God and show love for him.
Men should go to the mosque to perform the Eid prayer, Women are also highly encouraged to attend although not compulsory. Menstruating women do not participate in the formal prayer but can witness the gathering of Muslims.
For the Eid Celeberation.
Muslims are encouraged to prepare themselves for the occasion of Eid. Below is a list of things Muslims are recommended to do in preparation for the Eid al-Adha festival:
Make wudhu (ablution) and offer Salat al-Fajr (the pre-sunrise prayer).
Prepare for personal cleanliness—take care of details of clothing, etc.
Dress up, putting on new or best clothes available.
You can just buy a Ram online on Kaymu.