COMMUNIQUE OF THE RETREAT OF HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES COMMITTEE ON CONSTITUTION REVIEW
The retreat was organized to provide an opportunity for the Committee to listen to presentations on the issue of constitution amendment by experts drawn from across Nigeria and to examine the various issues in the Constitution identified as requiring amendment.
Deliberations at the retreat were guided by eminent personalities and experienced resources persons. Papers presented at the retreat covered several areas of interest in constitution amendment including: electoral reform; citizenship, indigeneship, and residency rights in the 1999 Constitution; immunity clause, accountability, and judicial reforms; national security and police reforms; federalism, local governance and political restructuring.
Participants at the retreat made the following observations:
1. That the 2010 amendments to the 1999 Constitution was a major milestone in the history of constitution making in Nigeria and reflects the commitment and determination of the National Assembly to correct the flaws in the Constitution;
2. That the 1999 Constitution as amended has not fully addressed proposals by Nigerians for amendments in the Constitution, and that current efforts to amend the 1999 Constitution is geared towards responding to additional pressures and demands of Nigerians for further alterations to the Constitution;
3. That several well-meaning individuals, groups, associations and state institutions have shown keen interest in the current Constitution amendment process by submitting memoranda to the House of Representatives Ad Hoc Committee on Constitution Review;
4. That despite the electoral reforms introduced by the 2010 amendments to the 1999 Constitution several other issues are pending, and further amendments to the Constitution to address these issues will greatly impact on our democracy;
5. That the gender implication of certain provisions of the 1999 Constitution such as the provision on federal character needs to be re-examined.
At the end of the retreat, participants unanimously agreed as follows:
• That proposals for constitution amendment received from Nigerians need to be carefully evaluated during the Constitution amendment process to sift practical proposals from the unattainable ones;
• That the present and future efforts to alter the Nigerian Constitution should take full cognizance of the gender implications of proposed amendments, and that the interests of women need to be particularly considered;
• That House of Representatives needs to collaborate closely with the Senate, the Nigerian Governors Forum, Conference of Speakers of Nigerian Legislatures, and other relevant stakeholders to ensure timely and successful alteration of the Constitution;
• That the process of alteration of the Constitution shall be inclusive, open and participatory allowing for the full involvement of Nigerians including Civil Society Organizations;
• That constitutional provisions and other relevant laws on citizenship contain definitional contradictions and other defects that need to be resolved through a careful amendment of the Constitution and such relevant laws;
• That the socio-political objectives under the 1999 Constitution require accountability of political leadership to the citizens thereby necessitating the guarantee of economic and social rights under Chapter II to the citizens either by amendment of Chapter II or by a Bill of Rights;
• That there is the need to further examine the Constitutional provisions on immunity as contained in Section 308 of the Constitution;
• That the need to guarantee national security and effective policing in Nigeria will necessitate the amendment of Constitutional provisions on national security and policing to redefine the concept of national security to include protection of fundamental rights, as well as substantial reform of the Nigeria Police.
• That the principle of federalism adopted by the 1999 Constitution calls for a restructuring of the federal structure to provide for full devolution of powers between the different tiers of government;
• That the system of local government administration instituted by the 1999 Constitution should be reformed to guarantee the autonomy, efficiency and viability of the local government system.