Dattijo: The Super Commissioner, By Engr. Imam Maiyki

Kaduna State has a tradition of producing colorful technocrats.People like Gidado Idris,Andrew Nok,Rilwanu Lukman,Ishaya Audu etc all fall into this category.The current Commissioner for Budget and Planning, Kaduna state also falls into this category.

Dattijo is a charismatic and brilliant orator and an intellectually gifted personality which made him the integral part and leading light of the government.

Over the past 12 years, he has built up significant experience in development policy, finance and project implementation in addition to holding several positions of responsibility within Nigeria and abroad.

Academically, he has a first degree in Economics from Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria, an MSc in Development Economics and Policy from the University of Manchester, a second masters in International Affairs and Diplomacy from Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria and has studied Public Finance at the London School of Economics, Sustainable Development with Columbia University in New York and Advanced Project Management at Oxford University in the United Kingdom.

Before his appointment as Commissioner, he was the policy adviser at the executive office of the United Nations Secretary General in New York. In that role, he was a member of the Secretary General’s core team designing the next global development agenda that seeks to end poverty, transform economies and enhance shared responsibility across the world. This agenda, named the SDGs replaces the MDGS having significant impact in the architecture of development across the World.

Prior to his position at the United Nations, he was an Economist and Deputy National Program manager in Nigeria’s presidency where he was tasked with supporting the design and coordination of MDGs projects across Nigeria. He was subsequently appointed economic adviser of the Nigeria Governors’ Forum where he had the opportunity to interact with the country’s 36 elected Governors on issues of development policy.

These positions have provided him with valuable experience not only across the world but also particularly around Nigeria having visited and implemented projects in deep rural areas in at least 25 of Nigeria’s 36 states including several hundred project locations in Kaduna.

He is a UK Chevening Scholar, member of the University of Oxford Business Alumni Network and a Fellow of the Archbishop Tutu Leadership Institute. He also worked in the APC Transition Committee in various capacities.Most recently,the World Bank selected him  as a member of expert advisory council on citizen engagement.

Considering his academic background and his working experience,no wonder he keep making the Kaduna project a huge success.Some of his achievements as a commissioner includes: Prompt budgeting and planning of the state financies using the available data and statistics of the state IGR which makes Kaduna state to always be the first state to pass it’s budget; monthly publication of Consumer Price Index(CPI) which provides analysis of price movement of selected commodities,Collaboration with development partners such as World Bank, Rockerfeller Foundation, DFID etc which yielded a lot of positive results such as Digital African Woman entrepreneurship workshop, Click-On-Kaduna workshop and training and many more to come.

His achievements includes the training of elected government officials on governance,leadership and service delivery. He also successfully linked Kaduna state as a member state with Open Government Partnership (OGP) towards an open, transparent and accountable governance.

He initiated the Eyes & Ears mechanism to register and monitor every complain lodged in by the citizens and also to track the physical developmental projects of the state.These are just some of the numerous developments Dattijo brought as a commissioner in Kaduna state.

Muhammad Sani Dattijo always simplifies complex problems with his characteristic humour,reforming the unreformable and making us to see and belief that governance is not rocket science. With People like Dattijo,the task of Making Kaduna Great Again is not just a slogan. It’s already happening.

 

By Engr. Imam Maiyaki

@MaiyakiImam

imammaiyaki@gmail.com

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Fifth Columnists In Our Recent History, By Senator Babafemi Ojudu

Once upon a time a General took over the reigns of power in Nigeria. He was determined to straighten Nigeria and instill discipline in the hope that in no long time Nigeria will be counted among the developed nations of the world.

He introduced economic nationalism, frowned at corruption, and said loud and clear that trafficking in drug was anathema to our national goals. He advocated that Nigeria no matter their social class, powerful or powerless must exhibit discipline in all they do.

Some fellow Generals who were in power with him but whose vision were diametrically opposed to his could not tolerate his stubbornness. They plotted against him. They found accomplices in the media, the traditional institution, among politicians and in the business community. Some foreign interests too were wooed.

They came up with a script. This man is too popular. We need to make him unpopular, tag him a dictator, high handed and uncompromising.

Yes the Yorubas bought into his vision and they loved him. What do they do to give him a bad name before they strike to institute their regime of locusts. They hired a band of boys within the security to proceed to the house of the revered leader of the Yorubas, Chief Obafemi Awolowo.

In the middle of the night the boys sacked the house, forced their way into his bedroom, ransacked everywhere and broke down his ward robe. They claimed they were sent by the then Head of State Gen Muhammadu Buhari to go look for some confidential documents acquired illegally by the Chief. The Yorubas and other sympathizer of Buhari were outraged. That was the end of the romance between the anti corruption duo of Buhari and Idiagbon and the people.

They didn’t stop at that they sent another band of marauders to Kaduna. Destination was the home of the Islamic cleric, Alhaji Gumi. Their goal: embarrass the much respected cleric and set the Muslims against the regime. They succeeded at this as well.

A couple of months thereafter when they struck and overthrew the regime, these were listed among the offenses committed by Gen Buhari. The people having been deceived applauded them and Buhari adjudged high handed, brutal and a dictator.

When a couple of days ago Senator Bukola Saraki visited the gap tooted General in Minna, I interpreted as going to ask “Oga I hope I am doing well?”.

Nigerians should be vigilant . The children of yesterday’s tricksters are adults and are adopting the tricks of their fathers.

We must all rise up and say we shall not be deceived by them.

From the shenanigans at the Benue House of Assembly, to the siege on National Assembly, the attack on judges home in the night, the so called barricade of the Senate President’s house, the laughable kidnap of Boy Dino and “his eleven hours on a tree’, the freezing of Benue and Akwa Ibom accounts all are scripted, produced and acted by Oloye Productions .

Soon they may come up with a bullet riddled vehicle and claim that the Executive Producer has survived an assassination attempt. After all some of the Offa sharp shooters are still at large.

May God save us from these power mongers.

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How Osinbajo Saved Nigeria’s Democracy With Daura’s Sack

On Tuesday, armed Department of State Service, DSS barricaded the National Assembly blocking members of the hallowed chambers from seating until later in the morning.

Even though the lawmakers were later granted entrance, they were not allowed to enter the chambers neither were  staff of the National Assembly.

In recent times, the DSS has come under intense criticism over some political activities it has involved itself in.

Two weeks ago, the DSS was alleged to have been used to orchestrate the planned impeachment of Benue State governor by 8 out of 30 members. The DSS allowed the 8 lawmakers of the state House of Assembly alleged to be President Buhari’s supporters entrance into the chamber but refused other 22 lawmakers alleged to be sympathetic to the governor access to the cambers.

On the 23rd of July, the DSS was illegally deployed to the Nigeria Football Federation’s office Abuja to eject the President, Chris Giwa out of office. The security men, as has become their trademark, said they were acting on others “from above.”

However, the Minister of Youth and Sports, Solomon Dalung, denied involvement of the President, Mohammadu Buhari in the sordid and illegal invasion and stated that the President cannot disobey the judgment of the Supreme Court that returned Giwa as the NFF president.

In April, some hoodlums, from nowhere invaded the hallowed chamber of the Senate, grabbed the mace and went away with it with the security details of the National Assembly deeply compromised.

The event on Tuesday, many believed, was tantamount to coup against Nigeria’s democracy. And acting in a manner characteristic of a true democrat and leader, Acting President Yemi Osinbajo swiftly terminated the appointment of the DSS Director-general, Lawal Daura.

Upon the announcement of the sacking, the DSS personnel at the National Assembly retreated.

Announcing the sack on his Twitter handle, the Acting President said; “As a start, I have directed that the appointment of the DG of the DSS, Mr. Lawal Daura be terminated. He has been directed to hand over to the most Senior Officer in the State Security Service.

“The unauthorized takeover of the NASS complex today is a gross violation of the rule of law and all acceptable notions of law and order.

“Persons within the law enforcement apparatus who participated in this travesty will be identified and subjected to disciplinary action,” Osinbajo twitted.

The Acting President in a later press release signed by his Senior Special Assistant on Media and Publicity, Laolu Akande, described the unlawful act which was done without the knowledge of the Presidency, as condemnable and completely unacceptable.

This is not the first time the professor of law is ascending the number one office in the land in acting capacity amidst challenges. In the third time he has become the Acting President of the country, Professor Yemi Osinbajo has distinguished himself with remarkable strides.

Professor Yemi Osinbajo as Nigeria’s Acting President has gained some good popularity among the Nigerian people due to his leadership sagacity.

In his first sojourn as the Acting President he appointed Justice Walter Onnoghen as the Chief justice of Nigeria, CJN and forwarded his name to the Senate for confirmation. The appointment received the National Assembly’s blessings.

On February 8, 2017, he chaired the FEC and gave approval of N21 billion for the construction of the Ilorin-Omu Aran-Kabba Road, Section I. Also on February 15, he approved the award of N126 billion road projects spread across Kano, Bauchi, Adamawa, Kwara, Gombe, Enugu an Kaduna states.

On February 16, he presided over the first National Economic Council meeting of the year and directed the CBN to review the foreign exchange policy. The meeting also resolved that fresh $250 million be injected into the Sovereign Wealth Fund (SWF). The CBN subsequently released about $500 million through the interbank market, where the 23 banks bought $371m.

Still on his FIRSTS, on February 17 2017, Professor Osinbajo signed seven bills into law. The bills were: Oaths (Amendment) Act 2017; Defence Space Administration Act 2017; Veterinary Surgeons (Amendment) Act 2017; and others. He then paid an unscheduled visit to the Murtala Muhammed International Airport, Lagos, as part of the 60-day action plan for business reforms in the country.

The visit took many airport workers by surprise. Osinbajo inspected facilities and interacted with airport officials. Less than 24 hours after his unscheduled visit to Lagos airport, the federal government announced the sack of 10 directors of the Nigeria Civil Aviation Authority (NCAA). Three new directors and a general manager were also appointed for the Federal Airports Authority of Nigeria (FAAN).

The FEC meeting, Osinbajo chaired on February 22 approved N32 billion for the resuscitation and completion of the 50km dual carriage Kaduna eastern bypass highway. The Council also approved $39.9 for the construction of the Cameroon-Nigeria border link bridge at Ikot Efiem. The council also approved the Revised National Policy on Environment.

To those who know the Acting President very well, what he did on Tuesday is a tip of the iceberg as more are to come. His vow to fish out the perpetrators of the Tuesday’s National Assembly siege and bring them to justice should not be taken with levity.

Indeed, by removing the former DSS boss, Daura from office, Acting President Osinbajo has saved Nigeria’s democracy.

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24 Senators Can Remove Saraki, By Sunusi Musa

The recent upheavals in the National Assembly has further brought to the fore the argument of what is the constitutionally required number of Senators or members of the House of Representatives to remove any of the presiding officers or their respective deputies.

By this I mean the President of the Senate, the Speaker of the House of Representatives, the Deputy President of the Senate and the Deputy Speaker of the House of Representatives.

While some lawyers hold the view that the removal of any of the above mentioned officers required 2/3 majority of the all the members of each house, others are of the view that what is required is 2/3 of the members present at a sitting provided they form a quorum.

Each of the two opposing views are basing their argument on the provision of the Section 50 (2) (C) of the Constitution of the Federal Republic of Nigeria 1999 (as altered) (1999 Constitution). It is apposite to quote the said provision before going further. The section provides;

2 The President or Deputy President of the Senate or the Speaker or Deputy Speaker of the House of Representatives shall vacate his office –
a. …
b. …
c. if he is removed from office by a resolution of the Senate or of the House of Representatives, as the case may be, by the votes of not less than two-thirds majority of the members of that House.

The contention of both sides is with respect to the meaning of the phrase ‘…not less than two-thirds majority of the members of that House…’ In other words, what does the framers of the constitution meant by “two-third majority of the members of that House”? Does it mean for instance to remove the President of the Senate, it requires a resolution passed by at least 73 Senators which is 2/3 of the 109 Senators of the Federal Republic of Nigeria? Or it means 25 Senators which the 2/3 of the 37 Senators that the Senate require to perform its legislative duties as provided under Section 54 (1) of the 1999 Constitution.

In interpreting the provision of the Constitution, the Courts have over the years insist that words should be given their natural meaning, unless doing so will lead to absurd situation. It is also not allowed in interpreting a legislation to import words which are expressly or impliedly excluded in couching the provision of particular statute. The Supreme Court, in AG of Abia State V. the AG of the Federation & Ors (2005) LPELR-3151(SC) held;
It is also good law that as a general rule of construction of statutes that a court is not entitled to read into a statute, words which are excluded expressly, or impliedly from it. See Attorney-General, Ondo State v.Attorney-General, Ekiti State (2001) 17 NWLR (Pt. 743) 706 at 767, (2001) FWLR 1431, where at pp. 1472

It is therefore with the above holding of the Supreme Court in mind that I intend to begin this journey of finding the true intent of the framers of our constitution while couching the provision of Section 50 (2) (c) of the 1999 Constitution.

It is my humble opinion that for us to unravel the meaning of the phrase not less than two-thirds majority of the members of that House…’ used in subsection (2) (c) of the Section 50 of the 1999 Constitution, the constitution must be looked at holistically. In other words, the provision shall not be read in isolation of other provision of the Constitution. It is important to consider other provisions of the Constitution in order to determine the meaning and effect of the words being interpreted.

In this regard, the provisions of sections 54, 143, and 188 are of relevance vis-à-vis interpretation of section 50 (2) (c) of the 1999 Constitution. This is because the sections contains provisions that deals with required number of legislators needed at a different times with respect to particular legislative business.

Section 54 of the constitution deals with the quorum required to conduct legislative business by each house of the National Assembly. Sub section (1) of the section provides;
54. (1) The quorum of the Senate or of the House of Representatives shall be one third of all the members on of the Legislative House concerned.

Section 143 makes provision with respect to the removal of President or Vice President from office and of particular relevance here are subsections (1), (2), (4) and (9) thereof which provides;
143. (1) The President or Vice-President may be removed from office in accordance with the provisions of this section.
(2) Whenever a notice of any allegation in writing signed by not less than one-third of the members of the National Assembly-
(3)…
(4) A motion of the National Assembly that the allegation be investigated shall not be declared as having been passed, unless it is supported by the votes of not less than two-thirds majority of all the members of each House of the National Assembly.
(5)…
(6)…
(7)…
(8)…
(9) Where the report of the Panel is that the allegation against the holder of the office has been proved, then within fourteen days of the receipt of the report at the House the National Assembly shall consider the report, and if by a resolution of each House of the National Assembly supported by not less than two-thirds majority of all its members, the report of the Panel is adopted, then the holder of the office shall stand removed from office as from the date of the adoption of the report.

Section 188 of the 1999 Constitution deals with the removal of the Governor or his deputy form office and subsections (2), (4) and (9) of the section have, (apart from substituting the word ‘President’ with ‘Governor’) similar wordings with those of Section 143 (2), (4) and (9).

I have taken the pain to quote the above provisions in order to make it as easy for non-lawyers to understand my argument. The provisions above, like section 50 (2) of the same constitution makes provision with respect to the number of legislators required at a particular time for particular legislative business. Sections 54 (1), 143 (4) & (9) and 188 (4) & (9) have a common denominator that qualifies the number of legislators required for a particular business of to be carried out. The denominator is the phrase ‘all the members’.

On the other hand, reading section 50 (2) (c), 143 (2) and 188 (2) one will observe the absence of the phrase ‘all the members’ in qualifying the number of legislators required for the legislative business being dealt with by the said provisions.

From the provisions of the above sections of the 1999 Constitution, one can easily deduct that by the combine provision of section 50 (2) (c) and section 54 (1) & (4) of the 1999 Constitution, what is required for any motion intended to remove President of the Senate or his deputy is two-third of the members present at any sitting of the Senate provided there are up to 37 senators when such motion is tabled.

It amount to standing logic on its head to posit that a Constitution that empowers 37 Senators to exercise the legislative powers of the National Assembly provided by sections 58 and 59, will turn around and make the less important duty of dispensing with who is leading the Senators to perform the legislative duty more daunting. It cannot be the intendment of the framers of the same constitution makes it possible for 19 senators to make a President of the Senate to turn around to require 73 senators to unmake him. If 19 can make a President of the Senate, it is only logical to posit that 24 can unmake the same President of the Senate.

If the intendment of the framers of the Constitution is to require 73 Senators to remove President of the senate, certainly the word ‘all’ could have been inserted in between the words ‘of’ and ‘the’ in phrase ‘…not less than two-thirds majority of the members of that House…’ of section 50 (2) (c) of the 1999 Constitution.

Sunusi Musa Esq. is Abuja based legal practitioner

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Bauchi Senatorial By- Election: The Rebirth Of Sak And The Game Players, By Abdulmajid Waziri

It is evidently clear that many Nigerians are unhappy with the school of thought that preaches  for voting strictly based on party identification popularly known as SAK  and rubbished all other candidates outside the annoited party no matter how credible they are . Many believed that effective change can only be successful if electorates  shun homogeneous voting since politicians are not attracted to political parties based on established principles or remarkable achievement made by the parties.  It is a quest for comfort zone and where I can easily get what I want.

It is illogical to advocate for anything SAK in a system where party ideology is absent and no standard is present to recruit incoming members of political parties, especially when other factors ; past record,competency, communication and credibility are not properly understood by the propagator.

Since the demise of the finest Bauchi Senator on the 17 March,2018 – Sen Ali Wakili (Allah Yajikan Malam Ali) many politicians have indicated interest to contest for the Bauchi South Senatorial district which comprises of 1944 poling unit across Seven(7) local government of the state. The forerunners in this contest are; Ex-governor Isa Yuguda (GPN), Lawal Yahaya Gumau (APC), Ladan Salihu (PDP), Maryam Begel(SDP) and Hussaini Umar (NNPP).

President Muhammadu Buhari was in Bauchi on Thursday to campaign for his party’s candidate – Lawal Yahaya Gumau. There, the president appealed to the mammoth crowd that graced the campaign rally to vote for Gumau and APC candidates in all  other elections. Many have received the President’s appeal for SAK with shock even though the expectations were not for the President to campaign for the other party but the present nightmare in governance was believed by many Nigerians to have gain grounds due to the president call for SAK voting during the 2015 elections. Many expected a shift from call for SAK voting or even silent on the issue until when the President relaunched this ideology in Bauchi which is likely going to be extended in other campaign rallies for 2019 general elections.

The president was recently reported to have endorsed voting based on credibility and past records, this was however not unconnected with the poor reletionship between the National Assembly and the presidency. Even with the majority, the APC remains voiceless in getting exactly what it wants in the National Assembly. Can voting for SAK make it easy for the president this time around?

Gumau is the present member representing Toro federal constituency in the House of Representative and right man to governor Abubabakar. Many have known him as a silent legislator who hardly talk on the floor of the house though this popular insinuation could hardly influence vote especially  considering  the support he received from the governor and Baba Buhari on last week. The number of votes Mr Gumau will get on August 11th By- election will in extension determined the strength and or weakness of President Buhari’s SAK appeal especially in a state believed to be one of his biggest stronghold.

Ex-governor Yuguda was also screened and cleared by INEC for the senate race, he will be contesting under a new Green Party of Nigeria (GPN), many believed that the party is an underdog party with few members across the state. Malam Isa’s popularity and the human development projects he championed  when he was governor will add value to his contest, he has written his name in gold by executing  many visible project especially in the area of educational development in the state. The performance of a said underdog  party in this contest is important in forecasting the faith of many new parties come 2019 general election. This is also important especially when an important figure identifies with one them.

A veteran journalist com politician and former DG Federal Radio Corporation of Nigeria FRCN, Malam Ladan Salihu is another contestant for the Bauchi South Senatorial seat under the PDP. Mr Ladan is to contest under the biggest opposition party in a state with one of the largest supporters of the President. The most interesting part of Malam Ladan Salihu’s contest is that he is the most talk about candidate though from a popular but poorly accepted party in the state. He is the owner of  Alheri Radio and helds from Bauchi central city. Even with the many calls and appeals for electorate not to allow party difference alter  their voting pattern, I don’t think that will help the PDP to regain its momentum especially in the North. The support  for Buhari cannot be easily wiped away from the heart of many Northerners; it’s  for better and for worse and I don’t expect any miracle that could change this ideology in a short time. Many people who have identified with Ladan are not comfortable with his party platform even with his high sense of credibility and popularity.

Barr Hussaini Umar is contesting under the New Nigerian Peoples Party, the fastest growing opposition party in Bauchi. NNPP might be an underdog party elsewhere but never in Bauchi.Hussaini helds from Toro LGA same local government with Gumau- The President’s candidate.  The leadership of NNPP in Bauchi have sufficiently labored and took the party to all the nooks and crannies of the state, it has strong momentum and popularity to win an election. Nevertheless, how Hussaini will generate votes under a baby party they brought, nursed and labored for in a state where the president has many supporters is a moment one can wait to see.

Hon Maryam Begel is the only female contestant in the race, a member of the Bauchi State House of Assembly and a close ally to speaker Dogara. Mrs Maryam pitch tent with the SDP and subsequently became the partys candidate against DR Aliyu Tilde, Begel enjoys huge support from the women electorate. Until her decamp to the SDP she belongs to the camp of  Speaker Dogara and always in brouhaha with the state government. With the growing popularity of her party many will expect to see how far the party can go in a tight contest like this one.

Abdulmajid Lawan Sani Waziri is a Political Analyst based in Jos.

abdulmajidlawan@gmail.com

08133124313

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Acting President Osinbajo Has All The Powers To Fire DSS DG, By Nathaniel Adoji

For those asking if Acting President Yemi Osinbajo has the powers to fire the DG DSS, Lawal Daura, the answer is YES, HE CAN!

Days before President Buhari embarked on his 10-day vacation, he wrote the National Assembly and categorically informed them as he is expected to do constitutionally, that Vice President Osinbajo will assume the role of Acting President.

An Acting President has ALL the powers of the President. Thus he can hire and fire as much as the President can. The provisions of Section 145 of the 1999 Constitution make this clear when it says the Vice President as Acting President shall discharge all the functions of the President. The power of ‘hire and fire’ is undoubtedly one of such functions.

Those who know the duo of President Buhari and Vice President Osinbajo, you would admit that they always work together on everything. Thus it would be fair to conclude that the Vice President consulted with his boss before taking this key decision that many Nigerians are applauding.

And even if he did not, he has all constitutional powers to do so!

Nathaniel C. Adoji

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The Anti-Corruption Fight Of The APC Administration, By M. Abdullahi

It is common knowledge that the present administration rode on to power on the three cardinal promises made by the then presidential aspirant; fighting corruption, improving the security and rejuvenating the economy. ‘
With merely months before another round of campaigning and seeking for votes before general elections hold come February, it is only natural that the polity be heated and intensified. Having recently spent three years at the helm of affairs, much criticism has been garnered on the way the government have delivered on their key promises. While no doubt the Boko Haram have been drastically combatted, numerous security threats have manifested in many states of Zamfara, Benue, Kaduna, Taraba and Plateau.
The Herdsman-Farmer clashes, The Bandits in Zamfara, the kidnappers in Kaduna and other agitators still pose a challenge. The way the FG handled the economy amidst recession and inflation and dwindling oil prices has generated lot of outcry. Perhaps this is best left for the economists. The anti-corruption campaign has also been described as a charade, selective and witch hunting the opposition while those close to the seat of power remain free.
Whether or not the fight is selective, I am of the opinion that successes have been achieved so far. From the implementation of the TSA, purge of numerous ghost workers, The BVN policy, Repatriation of looted funds, Discovery of stolen funds and prosecution of high placed individuals, it is without a doubt that successes have been achieved. However, that does not mean more cannot be done. The assumed shielding of close associates of the president, the pursue of an anticorruption campaign devoid of favoritism and not targeted at a few individuals, the enactment of laws that would help in fighting corruption, massive awareness and sensitization, much more is left to be done.
To borrow from the words of former Finance minister Ngozi Okonja Iwella, fighting corruption is dangerous in Nigeria. Not only is it dangerous, it is also an extremely arduous and heinous task that can only be pursued relentlessly by a few zealous individuals. Ours is a country that corruption has eaten deep into the fabrics of, and has cantankerously damaged and became enmeshed into our normal lives. A fight against such enemy whom many may refer to as our single greatest enemy since independence needs not be magnanimous only, but also needs all available hands, resources and help on the deck. The various actors all need chip in, to combat such a disaster, from the Executives, the judiciary, legislature, Civil societies, Civil servants, The media and the general populace at large. Unfortunately, not all hands are om deck.
To adequately fight corruption, we need need Laws are needed to not only prosecute guilty offenders but also to assist in repatriation of stolen funds. Even though the national assembly has passed the Mutual Legal Assistance in Criminal Matters bill and the whistle blower bill, other equally important bills such as the mutual assistance bill or the other have been languishing in the national assembly since 2017.
Many have been quick to observe that the national assembly have not been in tandem with nor a dependent ally in the anti-corruption fight of the president largely due to the non-confirmation and rejection of Mr. Ibrahim Magu as the nation’s top anticorruption czar along other reasons. One of those who held such views include PACAC, the advisory body to the president on corruption and the Attorney general of the federation It is somehow ironic that those who are fugitives and offenders of the law as is evident in the upper legislative house are relied upon to pass such anticorruption bills. For the fight against corruption to be successful, the leadership of both houses as well as the entire body be equally in support of the campaign and be a valuable ally.
The judiciary is another important ally, being the one who uphold the laws. Despite the fact that a little headway has been made with regards to the fight, as evident in the sentence of two former governors to 14 years’ imprisonment each for corruption and money laundering, much is needed to be done. The directive of the Chief justice to all courts to operate special cases against corruption pending the time it becomes a law in the national assembly is also a welcome development. Many cases have been stalled in courts for years, some as much as 11 years and are being continuously delayed on flimsy excuses. Such should not be tolerated; corruption cases should be trialed within a stipulated time. Investigations should also be carried out to ascertain why fewer convictions have been garnered in courts. The welfare and salary packages of the judges also need to be reviewed, and any judge found wanting of abuse of abuse should be promptly dismissed and be prosecuted as appropriately. The DSS raid on the home of some judges late 2016 was a bad way to go about it.
While the limelight is shone more on government officials and appointees, another critical area is being neglected; the civil service. The corruption, scams, inflation of contracts, ghost workers, demands of kickbacks and ‘the 10% rule’ going on in the nation’s and state civil service is perhaps greater than the sins committed by elected officials. The classical case of Maina, the retired director who was adjudged to have looted billions of pension funds is a case to look further into. The government’s handing of the situation is also below par.
While much has been done to purge the civil service of ghost workers by implementing the IPPS thereby saving the nation billions, much can still be done to fish out the culprits. A thorough review, reform and audit of the various MDAs and parastatals of the government under a fearless Head of service bent on ridding the service of corrupt practices need to be done, with all those found guilty of wrongdoing be made to face the consequences. All being said, perhaps only a purge of the civil service akin to that of the General Murtala led regime may prove effective in remedying the mess.
While much has been done to “fight” corruption, less has been done to “cure” it. The numerous reforms and measures have so far been targeted at fighting corrupt individuals while the system has very much remains the same. Even if we succeed in convicting those accused, without adequately understanding the genesis and the roots of the problem, others would spring forth. Corruption has become one of our national habits and can be found in all facets of our life, from the top echelons of government, our civil service, government appointees to our institutions, private organizations down to the market woman waiting to dupe an unsuspecting customer. It is safe to say corruption is institutionalized.
Though people engage in corrupt practice for variety of reasons, abject poverty, unemployment and avarice can be alluded to be the most common causes.  Some however get involved in shady practices simply to get their slash of the national cake. It is simply our own way of living; our trait. As such curing it would involve the use of all the diagnostic tools at our disposal and would not be easy.
The government should focus on poverty alleviation and provision of employment to our teeming population. Those at the helm of affairs should also distance their selves from corrupt practices and individuals.  Also, corrupt persons should be made to suffer the consequences of their actions, which also means strengthening our institutions to ensure efficient justice delivery.  Perhaps we can take a cue from China and establish death sentence on theft of government funds above say, a billion naira. This could serve as deterrent to others toying with the idea.
Most importantly, sensitization workshops, colloquiums and massive awareness campaigns should be made a priority, especially among the youths. The change begins with me, which was launched amidst much fanfare and jamboree should be revived to employ the use of artists, filmmakers, entertainers and athletes to help propagate the negative effects of corruption on our nation and why it should be shunned. The ministry of education, specifically the NERC should help in incorporating studies of corruption in syllabus of our primary, secondary and tertiary institutions.
The media and civil societies and organizations also have important roles in curbing this menace. Most importantly, we must all join hands in not only condemning but also shunning and avoiding acts of what perhaps is the greatest calamity to have befallen us as a nation. As President Muhammadu Buhari aptly said; “if we don’t kill corruption, corruption will kill us”.
M.A Abdullahi
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All You Need To Know On The Kastina Refinery, By Friday Nwosu

Propelled by the desire to encourage cross border economic development, Nigeria and the Republic of Niger recently signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) for the construction of a hydrocarbon pipeline and a petroleum refinery.

The pipeline is to be constructed from Niger to a border town in Katsina State, Nigeria. The new refinery would process up to 100,000 and 150,000 barrels per day of crude from Niger Republic.
The choice of Katsina was informed by its short distance to Niger, a factor that would lower the pipeline distance and cost of construction.

President Muhammadu Buhari, shortly after signing of the MoU, inaugurated a steering committee for the projects which is to be co-chaired by Nigerian and Nigerien ministers. Buhari also inaugurated a separate team led by Nigeria’s Engineer Rabiu Suleiman, supported by the Director General Hydrocarbon of Niger Republic, to develop the implementation roadmap and strategy for both the refinery and pipeline projects.

The two committees are expected by December 2018 to come up with a detailed roadmap and guideline leading to actual execution of the projects. The roadmap would cover bankable feasibility studies for the refinery and pipeline projects, optimal project site, pipeline routes and details, security plan and selected consortia of investors for both the refinery and pipeline projects.

The projected duration for completion of the projects is put at between three to four years.

The signing of the MoU and subsequent inauguration of the two committees has continued to elicit questions from Nigerians. The questions have largely been raised about the level of government involvement, the funding for the project, crude supply from Niger and security issues in the region.

WHERE IS THE FUND COMING FROM?

So far, the estimated cost of the refinery and pipeline projects remain unclear as it would only be determined by the outcome of the technical study of the committee.

However, a Nigerian investor, Alhaji Ibrahim Zakari, said about $2 billion would be needed for the construction of the refinery. Zakari announced that his company, Blak Oil Energy Refinery had mobilized substantial part of the $2 billion needed for the construction of the refinery.

“The funds are coming from abroad, US, Canada, India and the Middle East,” he said.

It is instructive to note that the project will be private sector driven with the full support of the governments of both countries, Minister of State for Petroleum Resources, Dr. Ibe Kachikwu, also said, explaining that almost nothing of both governments’ funds would be put in the projects. According to him, about 50 investors were at the MoU signing at the State House to observe the processes and firm up their initial expressions of interest.

CRUDE SOURCE

Questions have also been raised about the volume of crude supply from Niger Republic for the proposed refinery that will have capacity to process between 100,000 and 150,000 barrels of crude per day.
Kachikwu said the landlocked West African country currently produces “enough to support about 60-70,000 barrels per day but lots of fields that have been capped will be opened (with the coming of the new refinery.)”

Moreso, China National Petroleum Corp (CNPC) has ramped up Niger crude output to nearly 70,000 barrels per day this year from under 20,000 barrels, according to Niger’s statistic agency Institut National de la Statistique du Niger.

The Nigerien authorities have also assured that there is ongoing plan to expand crude oil production to about 90,000 barrels per day as the refinery project comes on stream.

HOW WOULD NIGERIA BENEFIT?

The project when completed is expected to provide job opportunities for more than 2,500 Nigerians.

Buhari while speaking on the benefits of the projects said the initiative will not only provide a reliable market for the stranded crude from Niger Republic but will also provide petroleum products for Nigeria, as the country “aggressively pursues its aspiration on petroleum product self-sufficiency”. He also expressed hope that the current frontier exploration efforts in the Northern part of the country (Chad Basin, Gongola Basin, Sokoto Basin, Bida Basin and Benue trough) would also result in the provision of additional hydrocarbon inflow to the corridors of the proposed pipeline and a potential refinery around Kaduna axis.

The general benefits to be derived from these projects by both countries are enormous, Kachikwu said. He said other similar projects getting government support across the country include the Agip refinery for which studies are ongoing in Bayelsa State.

“You have the Port Harcourt refinery which when we finish refurbishing it, will cover the South South and South East. The Warri and Kaduna refineries are all there including the Dangote in Lagos.

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Understanding APC And The Crisis Of Defections, By Reuben Abati

Comrade Adams Oshiomhole, the “factional” leader of the ruling All Progressives Congress (APC) has reportedly asked Senate President Abubakar Bukola Saraki to resign his position as Senate President.  What exactly does the Comrade want Saraki to resign from- the Senate Presidency or even his membership of the Senate having won election into the Assembly in the first place on the platform of the APC? Oshiomhole also probably expects that other members of the APC who are occupying elective and appointive positions will also tender letters of resignation, having defected from the ruling APC.

It is either the embattled party Chairman has not adverted his mind to the provisions of the Nigerian Constitution on party matters or the party’s legal adviser is not doing his job.  The gale of defections from the ruling APC  – 16 Senators, including the Senate President, three Governors, 37 members of the House of Representatives, the Nigerian Ambassador to South Africa, the National Publicity Secretary of the APC, and looks like more to come in the days ahead, including Ministers who may be preparing their letters of resignation, their political principals having deserted the party – raises a number of questions, political, moral and legal.  I intend to address some of these in order to assist the leaders of the APC to stop acting as cry-babies and to attempt a clarification of the nature and character of the tsunami that seems now certain, if unchecked, to sweep the APC out of power.

With regard to the Saraki defection, the language of the Constitution is very clear and specific in Section 50(1) (a) wherein it is stated that there shall be “a President and a Deputy President of the Senate, who shall be elected by the members of the House from among themselves”. The same expression is retained in Section 50 (1)(b) as applicable to the House of Representatives, and the emphasis is on the phrase – “from among themselves.” The Constitution thus does not say that the Senate President or the Speaker and their Deputies must come from the ruling or majority party; indeed any of the members of the Assembly can occupy the mentioned positions once their colleagues choose them “from among themselves.”

Saraki does not therefore have to resign his Senate Presidency because he has left the APC, that party also cannot order him to resign.  The only way he or the Speaker of the House of Representatives can be removed is stated in Section 50 of the Constitution and in the present circumstance Section 50(2)(c) is of particular interest – it prescribes removal only “by the votes of not less than two-thirds majority of the members of that House”.

Can the APC at the moment muster up to “two-thirds majority” in either the Red or the Green Chamber to remove the Senate President or the Speaker and their Deputies? I don’t think so. There are probably more persons in both Houses who have also resolved to defect from the APC but who are still physically identifying with the party in order to stay behind as fifth columnists, or simply because of a lingering lack of clarity about their fortunes in their local political environments should they defect at a wrong time.

I think Comrade Oshiomhole also needs to be reminded that Nigeria is not running a parliamentary system; the agenda of party supremacy that he has been pushing, and which probably makes him sound like a cane-welding party chairman – dishing out Stalin-like instructions to other party members, is only bound to alienate others, and effectively turn him into an undertaker. A Constitutional democracy such as we run requires greater inclusion, horse-trading and statesmanship rather than the dominant rhetoric of arrogance.

Those who have defected from the APC also need not lose any sleep, particularly members of the legislative houses. Specifically, Section 68 of the 1999 Constitution outlines the circumstances under which a member of the Senate or House of Representatives shall vacate his seat; the most relevant to this commentary being Section 68 (1) (g) which permits defections from one political party to the other in the event of a division in the political party of which a person is a member, or the merger of two or more political parties or factions. Those APC members who are protesting the defection of the Senate President and others cannot deny that there is a division within the APC or that the party is now divided into factions – the Oshiomhole-led faction, the Engr. Buba Galadima-led faction better known as the Reformed APC and the Saraki faction, which has now returned to the PDP.

However, whereas Section 68(1) (g) offers such protection to defecting members of the National Assembly, the Nigerian Constitution is silent on the matter of Governors who come to power and office on the platform of one political party and who while still in office choose to cross to another political party.  This is the dilemma that is thrown up by the phrasing of Section 221, and perhaps the basis for Oshimohole’s request for Saraki’s resignation, even if the provision does not apply to him in the light of a reading of other sections. Section 221 states that:  “No association, other than a political party shall canvass for votes for any candidate at any election or contribute to the funds of any political party or to the election expenses of any candidate at an election.”

In other words, for the purposes of elections, the Constitution recognizes only political parties as the vehicle through which any candidate may seek elective office.  In the absence of any provision for independent candidacy, nobody can seek office except through a political party, and hence the votes belong to the party and not the individual. It is political parties that canvass for votes. The Governor or rather the candidate is therefore a trustee of the party. The question then is: can a trustee run away with the fundamental object of the trust, namely the position that he occupies? If and when he does so, it will appear that he has shortchanged his political party and the electorate.

The only way to determine this, however, is through the court of law, and not the kind of self-help tactics that the APC seems to prefer. There have been reports that some members of the Senate are plotting to take over the National Assembly and Nicodemously impeach Senator Bukola Saraki. The leadership of the APC is advised to commit to due process, and not to encourage any illegal conduct. In Benue state, the Governor, Samuel Ortom has also complained that he is being harassed, and there has been an attempt by eight out of the 30 members of the State House of Assembly to impeach the Governor. The matter is now before the court.

The level of persecution, harassment and injury to character over the matter of defections from the APC is most strange. After all, the APC itself was a beneficiary of a similar development in 2013-2014, when members of the new PDP and APGA defected from their parties to join the APC coalition. Aminu Tambuwal, then Speaker of the House of Representatives received fulsome praise from then Presidential candidate Muhammadu Buhari for leading many PDP lawmakers to join the APC.

Comrade Adams Oshiomhole also deployed his “eloquence” to encourage members of the PDP to join the APC. Since the APC got to power in 2015, many more members of the PDP have defected to the ruling party. APC leaders did not see anything wrong in this; they did not accuse the defecting PDP members of anti-party activities, so why should they complain now that they are being served a dose of their own medicine? Or are there other issues, within the ruling party, such as post-2015 financial reconciliation or the sharing of spoils, that the public needs to know so that we can be better informed?

I say this because when you read the statements that have been made by those who have just defected from the party, you can only but be shocked. Engr. Galadima who was a major engineer of the 2015 APC victory is now engineering contempt and odium against the party. Governor Ortom has pointed to a failure of leadership within the party. Governor Tambuwal sounded very harsh as he talked about corruption, mismanagement of the economy, the spread of national insecurity and what he calls “prison-yard democracy.”

The former APC National Publicity Secretary, Bolaji Abdullahi also issued a statement dripping with venom and contempt for a political party, which he had defended only a week earlier.  Saraki’s anger is perhaps on the face of it, understandable – here was a man who from day one was not given any respite by the Buhari Presidency, here was a man who was criminalised by the same party he helped to build; he had to be saved by the Supreme Court of Nigeria, only to be labeled “an armed robber” subsequently.  Like Saul on the way to Damascus, Saraki and others have now seen the light; like the Biblical prodigal son, they are all returning to the PDP, which Dino Melaye calls their “home”. It took the People’s Democratic Party (PDP) 16 years to implode; it has taken the APC less than four years to reach the same point.

In 2014, the PDP was divided, and confused as to how to handle the same situation such as this that has now arisen with the APC. There were members of the party who advised that the then Attorney General of the Federation should be asked to take the defecting five Governors of the time to court, and if that would be a long process, the President should declare a state of emergency in the affected states and have the Governors removed or impeached and sole administrators appointed in their place. Mohammed Bello Adoke, AGF and Minister of Justice, as he then was, insisted that it was not the duty of his office to dabble into partisan politics and that if anybody should go to court, it should be the political party, the owner of the trust in contention and not the Federal Government of Nigeria. The party didn’t want to go to court. It wanted the five Governors punished.  The President didn’t buy into their idea.

Those whose views prevailed eventually were those who argued that the five Governors could go if they wanted. They said it was God himself cleansing the party by removing the bad eggs within. They were sure that the defection of the Governors and some members of the National Assembly would not affect the party in any way in the 2015 general elections.  As we all know, the PDP paid dearly for this. The APC is about to suffer the same fate.  Oshiomhole Is not helping matters with his rhetoric. The President is also aloof. He went to inspect the campaign headquarters for his re-election bid and then jetted off to London for a 10-day vacation. If I were in President Buhari’s shoes, I would not consider this a right time to go on vacation.  He would have nobody to blame if by the time he returns, there have been more defections from his party and government.

The situation is more worrisome moreso as the President, realizing the brewing crisis within the party, a few months ago, set up a Reconciliation Committee led by the party’s national leader, Asiwaju Bola Ahmed Tinubu. What happened to that Reconciliation Committee?  Did it ever submit any report? And if it did, who and who did it reconcile?  It is quite curious that in the face of the on-going crisis within the APC, Asiwaju Bola Tinubu, the Chairman of the Presidential Reconciliation Committee has been silent. His silence is too pregnant with meaning. Is it a cautious admission of the failure of the Committee he led, or an admission that the crisis is not resolvable?

In all of this, we are left with two things. The first is that our politicians are not principled at all. They can belong to the PDP in the morning, the APC by noon and within 24 hours, they could join a completely new party and advance strong arguments to justify their nomadism. The political parties are not built on any concrete principles or ideology either; they are vehicles for political survival and access to power by ambitious politicians. The second thing is that we, the people, are the ones who are short-changed. By now, governance has more or less stopped within Nigeria’s ruling party; the politics of 2019 has taken over.

Bad politics results in bad economics and the crisis of growth and progress. With a National Assembly that has suspended key legislative work, and an Executive that is seeking a second term in office, and whose President is on holiday, while the party is on fire, international investors have also put Final Investment Decisions on hold, the market is in the grips of uncertainty, GDP ratings are stagnant, creeping stasis is imminent, and all of that, until Nigeria’s political drama is resolved. The only thing that is not on hold is the people’s frustration and the rising cost of being Nigerian.

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Abuja Investments Company And FCTA Utter Neglect Of A Goldmine, By Chris Okeke

The Federal Capital Territory Administration (FCTA), was established to attract sustainable develop to the FCT. However, under the leadership of the present FCT Minister, Mohammed Musa Bello, his administration has practically starved the city and the nation at large of reasonable economic growth.

President Muhammadu Buhari-led federal government has consistently harped on the efforts of the Economic Recovery Growth Plan (ERGP) as a means to revive the country’s battered economy from the ruins of corruption, but the FCTA has failed to use an existing, the Abuja Investments Company Limited (AICL), to achieve the much sought economic growth.

It is quite interesting that the nation’s capital would have an investments company, yet unable to meet a convincing model for attracting investments into the country.

Given the disposition of the President Buhari’s administration to earnestly promote Public Private Partnerships and encouraging Foreign Direct Investments and the rise of local investments, it is a surprise to find that the FCTA is yet to appoint a substantive Board Chairman and Chief Executive for AICL.

Recall that the Minister had earlier suspended the management of AICL on allegations of corruption and immediately appointed an Interim Management Team, which served for one year and was also bedevilled with allegations of corruption.

However, one would ask a question, was there ever a need for Mohammed Bello to suspend a management of a company wholly owned by the FCTA? If truly it was an effort to ensure an overhaul of the company, it certainly would have been more ideal to relieve the team of their appointment in abidance with laid down regulations and immediately appoint a vibrant team to vehemently pursue a restoration of the company’s ideals.

Yet after the suspension, Mohammed Bello went ahead to appoint an Interim Management Team with a tenure of six months and limited powers to dutifully undertake the job of a full-fledged management. The Minister met his match in Dr Bashir Isyaku, Head of the Team, who consistently was in scandal after scandal, dragging the company’s previous management and the entire staff into unending conflicts.

The Minister, again in his characteristic neglect of the core mandate of what AICL should be, renewed the tenure of the IMT twice, obviously in concurrence with the actions of Dr Bashir, but finally relieved them of the appointment upon the expiry of the last renewal in May 2018.

Shockingly though, Mr Minister after a whole year of the IMT, has still not found a suitable Chief Executive for AICL as he still went ahead to appoint an Acting GMD/CEO, a full Director in the services of the FCDA, leading one of the busiest Departments in the FCTA (Economic Planning, Research and Statistics).

It is imperative to note that the Minister is absolutely oblivious of the fact that AICL should be a key player in the recovery from the ruins of corruption and a ready vehicle for the promotion of inflow of investments into the FCT. However, the appointment of a core Civil Servant into the saddle to combine the AICL job with his FCDA job does explain that the Minister feels AICL fills no critical role in the city’s economic landscape.

Also, many months after the death of the substantive Board Chairman, the Minister is yet to appoint a Chairman for the Board.

In many sectors of the economy in the FCT and in Nigeria at large, AICL is well placed to drive progress, but the critical needs would be centred around the company having a vibrant Chief Executive with deep experience and knowledge in various fields of endeavour, as well as a Board Chairman with enormous network across the private sector. Given that, the company would be found at the centre of the country’s economic discourse.

Finally, Mr Mohammed Musa Bello, with your continued neglect of the AICL to a state of redundancy, and by extension, its subsidiaries, it shows clearly that you are only paying lip service to the focus of the President Muhammadu Buhari’s government to revitalise the nation’s economy.

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Open Letter To Osun Speaker Dr Najeem Salaam, By Akinyemi Oluwaseye

Dear Sir,

Years have continued to tip-toe into my memory with warm reflection about your impactful personality. Your dignity has never ceased to be magnified with integrity and humility. To many, you have been generous like the wind that blows in a heat-filled night. To many, you have epitomized your name, being the ‘Star’ that has illuminated their path to greatness and fulfilled dreams. Your diligence, sense of purpose, knack for excellence and commitment to serving humanity will continue to be ingredients that catalyses your attaining grander heights among your peers.

The sun does not herald to a superficial announcement about her significance. The moon brightens the earth at night without funfair; but when the stars emerge, the beauty of the sky captivates onlookers and wows them into a charming splendor.Sir, may you continue to be the ‘Star’ that entices the memory of human beings with the goodness you do.

You have demonstrated over the years an uncommon concern for those around you and those whose interests you have been entrusted to serve. Working under your stewardship has been expository and highly eventful. I have in actual fact learnt from your stewardship that when we prepare adequately today, chances are that we will not have to repair tomorrow.

Outstandingly, I have come to realize through your marvelous personality that the best use of power or wealth is to use it to create happiness and prosperity for others. Men are alike in their promises; but only in their deeds do they differ.Your  charitable giving and serving the less-privileged and the down-trodden who crowd your vicinity has shown that you grasp the best ways of power control.

One may be granted a position of authority, but not real leadership. Your composure, smartness and influence as a leader refresh my belief that with personalities like you in power, the State of Osun and Nigeria can attain their great potentials. To many of us, you are a hero. I always see the manifestation of Arthur Ashe’s submissions in you, that “True heroism is remarkably sober, very undramatic. It is not the urge to surpass all others at whatever cost, but the urge to serve others at whatever the cost.”

Sir, as you continue your good works in impacting lives and humanity, many will continue to look up to you because you have not ceased to sustain their trust and confidence. Do not stop being the great,reliable and humble leader that you are. My sincere wishes are that: God propels you to greater heights with uncommon ease and may His Mercies eradicate any jinx that comes your way. Amen. Cheers Sir!

Your Sincerely,

Akinyemi Oluwaseye

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Letter to President Muhammadu Buhari, By Mukhtar Jarmajo

As Your Excellency is aware, the primary responsibility of government is to protect the live and property of the citizenry. This simply means that a government, especially democratic one, should go to any constitutional extent in the quest to ensure the safety, peace, harmony and general wellbeing of its people as to allow for their social and economic prosperity.

This, Your Excellency may wish to recall, was one of the points you so much stressed in the campaigns ahead of the 2015 elections in response to the northeast insurgency which had then threaten the nation`s territorial integrity. Your Excellency may wish to agree with me here that one of the reasons why the APC got majority votes especially in the northeast was the belief that a Buhari led administration will curb the insurgency that had ravaged the sub region.

Quite commendably meanwhile, this administration has today considerably reduced the strength and firepower of the insurgents. There are enough evidence that the northeast insurgents have been boxed into a corner and that through time and with continued commitment, both the war and the peace will be won.  However, while we commend Your Excellency`s efforts at wresting the northeast insurgency, we must also express dismay over the farmers/herdsmen clashes, kidnappings, armed robbery and killings that have been going on in the north-central and the north-west. Your Excellency, the security situation in these sub regions has since assumed worrying dimensions.

As the chief security officer of this country, I am sure the president knows this better than anyone else. It therefore disturbs most Nigerians that the atrocities in the north-central and north-west have been allowed to linger for so long as if this administration isn’t the one giving Boko-Haram a run for its money. Our expectation has been that the killings especially in Zamfara state would have since been stopped. What most Nigerians expect was that things like this wouldn’t be allowed to last this long under a Buhari led administration.

As it is however, the killings, kidnappings and armed robberies are ongoing and Your Excellency has no reason whatsoever, for not protecting the lives and properties of the citizens in these places. There have been conspiracy theories that the disturbances are mostly sponsored by opponent politicians who are committed to pulling you down ahead of the 2019 elections. This and any other excuses are unacceptable as reasons for the loss of lives of many innocent Nigerians. Nigerians in all corners of the country must be protected by the government.

And government should also be seen, not just heard, to have protected its citizenry. Therefore in doing this, it must adopt effective measures and use efficient tools in responding to crime as well as preventing its future reoccurrence. It is on the news that the presidency has directed the deployment, last Sunday, of one thousand officers and men of the armed forces to Zamfara state as one of the measures to halt the incessant killings going on there.

While that was a good move, the federal government must understand that it cannot succeed in doing this alone. State governors must wake up to their full responsibilities as chief security officers of their respective states if Nigeria is to be secured. Security is not just about men and ammunitions, it is also about intelligence gathering and synergy between agencies as well as states governments.

Jarmajo is the Managing Editor, Pearl Magazine.

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