Defying The Negative Northern Stereotype: Aside What The Media Tells You, By Muhammed Muazu

The issue of stereotype has been a damning factor in human interaction for as long humans exist and every ethnicity, race and culture have had their fair share. In as much as some of the stereotypes are laughable and easily shrugged off, the bigger chunk of it is used to promote prejudice and sometimes, derogation.
Being a Nigerian northerner automatically comes with the high tendency of being the butt of culturally demeaning jokes and it has lingered for decades. These stereotypes and negative perceptions ranges from attaching the northern identity with illiteracy, violence, under development and more. At some point, it was even normalized as northern migrants outside the north have to accept these terms. The media has a part to play in this misinformation just like the African identity is misrepresented outside Africa. In this vain, it is left to us with platforms and reach, to demystify these perceptions.
Northern Nigeria, like any other region thrives and progresses alongside contemporary innovation and global growth, while being in complete cognizance of the societal ills and where we fall short. The diversity of the Northern entity is barely communicated in terms of sub ethnicities from Hausa, Fulani, Kanuri, Nupe, Gbagyi and a whole lot more that varies in cultural values, language and norms. Realizing the size of this diverse web of cultural differences while sharing a geographical settlement is one of the north’s unsung gifts.
Education: One of the biggest misinformation about the north is our laxity with learning. Formal education have had its blow back from ‘factions’ and conspiracy theorists but the resolve to educate the northern child never waivers. This is evident in all the major pioneer educational institutions on all levels. Kaduna/Zaria alone accounts for a chunk of it ranging from Queen Amina College, Command Secondary school, Barewa College, Alhudahuda, Government commercial college, Kufena on the secondary level in which all these schools are over 5 decades and many of them precede our independence as country. Which also cites evidence of educational acceptance on a large scale many decades ago. On the tertiary part, Ahmadu Bello University, Kaduna State University, Nuhu Bamali Polytechnic, College of Aviation, FCE, College of health and science and more. The combined influential Alumni list of these institutions is beyond remarkable as they have produced head of states, Premiers, Prime Ministers, Military rulers, Traditional rulers, Governors, Senators, Journalists, Judges, Medical experts, Scholars and more. And this is just one state. Without these insights, one wouldn’t know the extent of educational growth and impact the region has on the country.
Business: Now, aside the renowned northern Forbes listers like Dangote, Abdul Samad Rabi’u, Muhammed Indimi, Dantata and their likes, there’s an overwhelming amount of northerners that have been bred with an entrepreneurial mindset and have infused their exploits into various industries from import and export, trading, farming, Jewelries, real estate, textile, fashion, food, media, publications, aluminum and steel, automobiles and a whole lot more. Every northern state, regardless of the economic downturn is a business hub and it is evident with growing number of young entrepreneurs on a daily. The IGR of states like Kano is evident to these claims.
Tech and Media: Tech and Media have been identified as the pilot industries for other ventures right now and it has been recognized in the north. There’s media and tech summits organized on a regular by private groups/organizations and even Kaduna State government where investment and prospects are discussed. There are wide range of northern publications both online and offline. Social media platforms that are influential and portals to keeping up to date with happenings in the north.
Politics: Politics has always been a tricky venture and route on a general as our cultural differences takes a big part in where our allegiances lie but the north has contributed a whole lot to the steering of our political range as a country. This involves policy makers, technocrats, industry experts and more.
This is my reality as a northerner who’s running a media platform, contributing my quota to societal literacy, entertainment, entrepreneurship and social awareness. I am one of millions and this is our reality. We don’t discard the fact that we have a long way to go as a region which we are working towards fixing but it doesn’t do any good to fix me into a box of that stereotype regardless of what I do as a thriving Nigerian.
At the end of day, we yearn for unity and to operate as an entity void of the derogation. Let’s thrive on unity and quit the stereotype.

Muhammed Auwal Muazu is the Founder of Hausaa Bulanii Blog

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Lagos-East Senate Race: Why Ikuforiji Is The Best Man For The Job, By Oyewole Muideen

Political gladiators are already jostling for the coveted position of Senator representing Lagos-East, made vacant by the unfortunate passing on of Sen. Bayo Osinowo popularly called “Pepperito” due to complications from COVID-19. Amongst the political juggernauts slugging it out, one name stands out, boasting an array of impeccable credentials and vast experience – Rt Hon. Adeyemi Ikuforiji, the erstwhile Speaker of the Lagos State House of Assembly (2005 -2015).

Rt.Hon. Ikuforiji, a banker, lecturer and businessman with a Bachelors degree and Masters in Economics from Babes-Bolyai University and Bucharest Academy of Economic studies has added other feathers to his cap – bagged a Doctorate in Business Administration (DBA) in Leadership, John Moore University, England and was recently called to the bar in 2019, after his tenure in office. This shows that the Ex-Speaker, unlike his ilk is in relentless pursuit of knowledge despite attaining enviable political height.

He began his political odyssey as the General Secretary of the Unity Party of Nigeria (UPN). In 2003, he contested and was elected to represent his constituency, Epe constituency 1 at the Lagos State House of Assembly under the platform of Alliance for Democracy (AD). His leadership skills and astute representation was not lost on the House as he was elected Speaker in December 2005, re-elected for a second term on 4th June 2007 and continued for a third term as Speaker of the 7th Assembly from 2011 till 2015.

An alumnus of John F. Kennedy School of Government at Harvard University, and a cybernetics and computer networking technocrat, Rt. Hon Ikuforiji has effortlessly combined being a consummate political leader with being a technocrat of repute, renowned for his intellectual sagacity, extraordinary administrative and leadership skills, and dedication to public service.

Some analysts, sponsored to diminish his chances have touted the so-called Economic and Financial Crimes Commission (EFCC) case against the veteran lawmaker as the reason why he should not emerge as the All Progressives Congress (APC) Senatorial candidate in the forth-coming bye-election. Unfortunately for them, Hon. Ikuforiji has not been convicted of any crime, by any court. He is presently defending himself against allegations of malfeasance and until proven guilty, he remains innocent and can run for any office in the land. Rt Hon. Ikuforiji has maintained and nurtured an unblemished record of integrity and accountability all through his professional years, spanning decades, his stint in the House of Assembly cannot be an exception.

Lagos-East Senatorial district has had the privilege of sending its best foot forward to the Senate – those with cognate Legislative experience. Senator Mamora was a product of the Lagos Assembly where he was Speaker before becoming Senator, same as “Pepperito”, who served for 4 terms in the Lagos Assembly before advancing to the apex legislature. Only Rt Hon. Ikuforiji dwarfs the experience of late Sen. Osinowo, and this gives him an edge among those lobbying to replace the deceased legislator.

This is the time for Lagos-East Senatorial district to throw its best foot forward. This is not the time to test an upstart, it is the time to hit the ground running and build on the legacy of late Sen. Osinowo. The only one the cap fits is Rt Hon. Adeyemi Ikuforiji and that is why he is the best man for the job. Let’s send him forth!

Oyewole Muideen is a member of APC from Lagos

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JUNE 12: That The Sacrifice Of Our Heroes Past May Not Be In Vain By Segun Tomori

Today’s 2nd commemoration of democracy day on June 12, courtesy of President Muhammadu Buhari’s foresight and political will is unfortunately tempered by the COVID-19 pandemic and its accompanying safety protocols. The Eagle Square usually the venue of such celebrations would have been regaled with dignitaries from all walks of life and enthralled with a potpourri of activities ranging from march past by the Nation’s Armed Forces, cultural displays and above all, the much anticipated Presidential address. But unusual times indeed – we could only make do with watching the Presidential address from the confines of our homes.

June 12, 1993, now a watershed in the annals of our history was the day Nigerians set aside their differences, buried ethnic jingoism, closed their eyes to proclivity for religious and tribal sentiments and elected M.K.O Abiola, a Yoruba Muslim and his Northern running mate, in an unprecedented Muslim-Muslim ticket, as President. The rest is now history as the then powers-that-be would have none of it. They conjured unscrupulous reasons and with the stroke of a pen annulled Nigeria’s freest and fairest elections till date. Of course, the ghost of June 12 never died, it continued to haunt both its killers and successive leaders until the incumbent President gave it a pride of place by reverting the hitherto less significant May 29 democracy day to June 12.

The victory of late President Abiola, inspired by the “Hope 93” campaign was hinged on better life for the downtrodden and average Nigerians, enthronement of an egalitarian society in which the welfare of the people will be the cornerstone of government.

The advent of democracy in 1999 seemed like a breath of fresh air. We thought we would have a semblance of “Hope 93”, but alas, down the years, we saw the then ruling party and its kleptomaniac administration surreptitiously superintend over electoral and money heist, quite unconscionably – spitting on the grave of June 12, and the ideals it portend for Nigeria and its citizens. It was the concerted effort of progressives to rescue the country from drifting to the precipice that gave birth to the All Progressives Congress (APC).

The APC was lucky to have a pathfinder and mobilizer in Asiwaju Bola Tinubu – himself a renowned June 12 activist as National Leader, as he, in collaboration with other leaders cobbled up a coalition of parties, that led to the first successful merger in our nation’s history. Riding on the crest of “Change”, similar to “Hope 93”, APC defeated an incumbent President in 2015, another first, by an opposition party in our democratic odyssey.

Though “Change” by it’s definition is a “process through which something becomes different”, the administration swiftly laid a foundation for progressive governance. Of particular significance is the National Social Investments Programme (NSIP) unarguably the most ambitious in sub-Saharan Africa. It gave “hope” to tens of millions through the Home-Grown School Feeding Programme, Government Enterprise and Empowerment Programme (GEEP) – Soft loans to artisans, farmers and market people, Conditional Cash Transfers (CCT) – an integral part of the campaigns, N5,000 monthly to the poorest and most vulnerable.

The profligacy of the past that was responsible for short-changing the people has also largely been plugged with the full implementation of the Treasury Single Account (TSA), the Integrated Payroll and Personnel Information System (IPPIS) – through which tens of thousands of ghost workers were weeded out, and billions of naira saved monthly. That is why despite earning significantly lesser, the administration is making giant strides in infrastructural renewal amongst others.

The campaign for the revalidation of the June 12 elections gave rise to agitation for addressing the National question and shot up calls for restructuring. Not many know that this administration has been silently restructuring. Modalities for establishing Community Police is currently being worked out – decentralization of the Nigeria Police being a key component. Just recently, the President moved to give teeth to implementation of financial autonomy for State Legislature and Judiciary by signing an Executive Order for their funds to be released on First line charge. Though the constitution was earlier amended to that effect, bottlenecks to its implementation gave rise to the order, representing in itself a political will to enthrone fiscal federalism – also an integral part of restructuring.

But despite our best efforts at leading differently, we are not yet close to the promise land. Nigeria with a population of over 210m people and an annual budget hovering between $30bn -$35bn in recent times is abysmal compared to South-Africa’s 2018 budget which was $116bn for a country of less than 50 million people! We need to generate more revenue if we must have the capacity to lift our people on the extreme poverty index put at about 95m by the World Poverty Clock, out of poverty.

Policies to spur industrialization, provide incentives for manufacturing to thrive and ultimately be an exporting nation, rather than a largely import dependent one will suffice. The Buhari-led administration is already leading efforts in this regard in Agriculture with the revolution in local rice production and other staples, policies geared to ensure we produce what we eat like the Anchor Borrowers Programme (ABP), the recently launched “Green Imperative Programme”, amongst others. These feat should be replicated in other sectors.

No matter what we do, the security of lives and property is a “ sine qua non” to the prosperity of the nation. The recent resurgence in banditry in the North-west, and insurgency in the North-east is alarming and must be tackled radically. The capacity for Intelligence gathering by our security services should be improved and synergy among them must be fostered. Indeed, the community policing initiative should be fast-tracked so that we can nip most of these mindless attacks in the bud.

As citizens we must put aside ethnic and religious inclinations, and let our diversity be a source of strength and not division. Indeed, by harnessing our diversities and uniting for nation building is how Nigeria can become an exemplar of progress in the comity of Nations, it is how the sacrifice of our heroes past will not be in vain.

Happy Democracy Day, Nigeria.

Segun Tomori is the Executive Director (Communications), RedPole Media, and a member of the All Progressives Congress (APC) young stakeholders.

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Re: Nasiru El-Rufai’s Lockdown And The Spoilers At The Door, By Salihu Tanko Yakasai

I was highly surprised when I came across a piece with the above caption that appeared in the online edition of the Vanguard newspaper of Wednesday 3rd June 2020 pseudonymously penned by Rotimi Fasan.

Apart from the blatant misrepresentation and misinformation contained therein, the article is pregnant with sheer blame-game, opprobrium and aspersions against Kano State, its government and its good people aimed solely at hoodwinking the unsuspecting reading public.

What is more painful is that in all intents and purposes, the 19-paragraph article is an exercise in futility aimed at politicizing a serious health issue, it also shows lack of in-depth factual knowledge of the realities on the ground.

The “writer’s” politicization of the already uncoordinated fight against the Covid-19 pandemic is a clear disservice to the nation.

While Governor Abdullahi Umar Ganduje of Kano State has been making efforts to contain the pandemic without making any public fuss and is averse to apportioning any blame to others, others have resorted to using the pandemic to cast Kano State and his person in poor light in order to score a cheap political goal as if their future political success hinges on this. To say the least, this is unjustifiable, indefensible and arrantly unjust!

Why the “writer” has singled out Kano State out of the other 34 states and the FCT as a spoiler has baffled every discerning and unbiased reader to the core. In short, this article is a public relations stunt that has clearly failed to hit the target and this rejoinder is not aimed at paying the “writer” in the same coin but to clear his misrepresentation and misinformation for the sake of the present and posterity.

Before I address some of the issues raised in the article, it is very apropos to highlight that the Covid-19 virus surfaced in Kaduna State on 28th March 2020 before the index case was recorded in Kano State on 11th April 2020, an interval of two weeks, and the state government did not blame any state or individual for the spread of the virus.

Just as the index case in Kaduna contracted the disease elsewhere, so also the index case of Kano, along with the majority of the cases in Kano. As Muslims, we consign our affairs to the Almighty Allah Who decrees whatever will happen to His servants.

The “writer” should have been dispassionate enough to have consulted his friends in Kano (if he has any) in order to get firsthand information on the numerous measures taken by the state government to curtail the spread of the virus even before the first index case was recorded in the state after the patient had visited Lagos State and Abuja.

In Kano State, the government had taken all necessary measures to prevent the spread of the disease in the state even before the index case was recorded which included the closure of all public schools, establishment of a Taskforce Committee on Covid-19 under the chairmanship of the Deputy Governor, Alhaji Nasiru Yusuf Gawuna, the Appeal Fund Committee (the first State to do so) headed by the Vice-Chancellor of Bayero University, Kano to assist the victims and provide relief to the poor, the closure of all public offices, closure of all schools, the banning of passenger buses coming to the state even before the federal government banned inter-state travels, the 1-week lock-down of the state which was subsequently extended many a time, the provision of isolation centres for the quarantine and treatment of the patients, the closure of markets and banning of religious congregations in mosques and churches, the setting up of several mobile courts to prosecute violators, among others.

Even before the federal government took additional strict measures including the banning of inter-state travels, Gov. Abdullahi Umar Ganduje personally spearheaded the interception of some vehicles with passengers coming into the state including, from Kaduna State.

How did these vehicles pass through the state in broad daylight or did they emanated from the skies to land at the borders of Kano? Do they expect Gov. Ganduje to go to Kaduna or any neighbouring State to enforce the ban?

In fact, tens of vehicles laden with passengers were intercepted at Kano State borders and many were turned back or later fined by the many mobile courts established by the state government to prosecute the violators of the lockdown order. Is Ganduje expected to police all the borders of other neighbouring States as well? If as the ‘writer’ claims that Ganduje has failed to enforce the lockdown in Kano preventing people from going out or coming in, is Ganduje also expected to go to Kaduna and other neighbouring States to prevent people from going in or coming out of those States?

The “writer” should have done his homework well to have realized that the violation of the lockdown order is a nation-wide phenomenon in view of the nature of our society and interstate borders. I have seen many crowds of people in Lagos, Abuja and other states in violation of the lockdown, but they were not castigated by the “writer.” It seems what is good for the goose is not good for the gander! The football match in Kano state mentioned by the “writer” was a one-time thing, neither organized nor sanctioned by the state government but by some youth and security agents promptly arrested some people for the violation of the lockdown.

On the issue of almajirai, the “writer” was also off the mark by a wide margin. It should be recalled that the 19 northern state governors agreed to ban street begging especially by almajirai and to repatriate them to their respective states of origin.

It may interest the “writer” to know that Kaduna State is the first to repatriate 30,000 almajirai to their states of origin and it did so without adherence to protocol, neither were they tested for Covid-19. For example, Kaduna State did not officially hand over any almajirai to Kano State government officials but dumped them at motor parks and out of the almajirai dumped in Kano State some later tested positive of the coronavirus.

However, Kano State government did not publicly blame Kaduna State government over this which shows the maturity, decorum and foresight of Dr. Abdullahi Umar Ganduje.

Unlike Kaduna State, Kano State officially hands over all repatriated almajirai to the officials of their states of origin after making sure that they do not have any Covid-19 symptoms. In fact, the would-be repatriated almajiris are usually camped, fed and treated for any diagnosed ailment before they are repatriated to their states of origin. So the argument that Kano State government intentionally or knowingly repatriates almajirai infected with Covid-19 virus does not hold water a bit.

Why should Kano State play the role of a spoiler as alluded by the “writer” still beats my imagination for in what way will we profit from this.

Harming any fellow human being especially a neighbour is against the injunctions of all divine religions and His Excellency, Dr. Abdullahi Umar Ganduje will be the last person to intentionally sanction the spread of a debilitating disease like Covid-19.

It is pathetic that despite all the measures taken by the federal and 36 state governments, the Covid-19 cases have increased to about 11,166 cases as at 4th June 2020 with Lagos State, Kano State and FCT Abuja having 5,440, 970 and 763 cases respectively while Kaduna State occupies 7th position with 297 cases.

If Kano State or any other state for that matter had been a spoiler as wrongly alleged by the “writer”, the Kaduna State figure might have been much higher. In this respect, His Excellency, Malam Nasir El Rufai deserves our commendation for his efforts to curtail the spread of the virus in Kaduna State.

Lifting of the ban by Kano State government on religious gatherings was not arbitrary but after due consultations with stakeholders and the state was not the first in the country to lift the ban. Even in countries like the US, Italy, Spain, Britain and Brazil, to mention but a few, where the highest number of cases and mortalities due to coronavirus are being recorded, the strict lockdown and banning of social gatherings, the authorities in these countries have to relax these restrictions.

So, to blame Kano state for not enforcing full restrictions on religious or social gatherings is not only mischievous but unfounded, because for the duration of the lockdown in the State, almost all the mosques and churches suspended holding religious gatherings.

What the country needs at this trying period is not passing the buck and politicization of serious issues like the current pandemic but concerted and coordinated efforts to save humanity from this serious health challenge.

If we did not blame the Italian citizen who was the first to bring the virus to our shores or Ogun State, does not blame its neighbourly sister, Lagos State, for the spread of the disease, then there is no basis to accuse anybody or government of being a spoiler for this is an unnecessary diversion which will not augur well for the country. This unwarranted and unnecessary blame-game needs to cease forthwith for the sake of humanity. Let me end this piece with a quote by George Washington Carver who says “Ninety-nine percent of all failures come from people who have a habit of making excuses.”

Salihu Tanko Yakasai is the Special Adviser on Media to the Governor of Kano State.

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Dolapo Osinbajo: A Lesson in Humility Amidst Much Influence, By Alwan Hassan

Sometime in 2014, Mrs. Dolapo Osinbajo launched an aptly entitled book, ’They Call Me Mama.’ The book, which told the story of Mrs. Osinbajo’s decade of working with street boys in Lagos, gave the public an insight into the persistence, forthrightness and benevolence of the woman that would later become Nigeria’s ‘Second Lady.’

Like many of her subsequent public engagements, the book was a product of Mrs. Osinbajo’s deliberate connection to disadvantaged Nigerians. However, when the book was written, the young boys and men that called Mrs. Osinbajo “Mama”, had no idea that she would be called upon in a greater capacity to be an even greater ‘Mama’ to millions more.

Quiet and unassuming, not many outside Lagos knew who Dolapo Osinbajo was until she emerged as Nigeria’s Second Lady — following the emergence of her husband, Professor Yemi Osinbajo as the Vice President in 2015. Since then, Mrs. Osinbajo, who radiates candour and unbridled self-discipline, has carried herself with so much poise and brilliance — leading many to believe that the spirit and the teachings of her late grandfather, the sage and leader, Chief Obafemi Awolowo, still resonates in her.

An epitome of decency, Mrs. Osinbajo has inspired countless Nigerian youth to ask how a woman of power and influence, can exude so much warmth and humility in every engagement with the public. Her charm consistently demystifies the whole razzmatazz around the power that her husband’s office commands — a key trait that has endeared her to everyday Nigerians.

Indeed, Mrs. Osinbajo portrays and embellishes the rich Yoruba culture, especially those bordering on good manners and decency. She’s no doubt one individual who embodies the age-long saying that ‘character is everything’. This is why, by observing Mrs. Dolapo Osinbajo at her public engagements and on her social media handles, you begin to appreciate a leader that understands the transient nature of everything — especially something as ephemeral as political power.

Anytime one sees Mrs. Oludolapo Osinbajo, what comes to mind is the Biblical saying that: ”When the righteous are in authority, the people rejoice.” I have been a witness to the excitement that pervades the air anytime the Vice President’s wife steps out to attend public functions. Undoubtedly, people find it easy to give all due regard to a woman who, despite the allure of power, has continued to live her life with so much simplicity. This is because she regards everyone with so much respect and treats no one with contempt.

It is often said that when you see a bird dancing alone on the bush path — it’s drummers are somewhere in the bush. So when we in the ruling All Progressives Congress (APC) hailed the ingenious and dexterous manner with which Professor Yemi Osinbajo carried out his public assignments before becoming the Vice President, we no doubt ignore to praise the woman who contributed to his success. After all, it is often said that beside every powerful man is a woman of strong will and inestimable character to keep him grounded at all times.

When the history of this era is written or told in stories, it is clear that Mrs. Osinbajo, the wife of the erudite ‘Star Boy’ Professor, will be remembered fondly. This is because as the partner of a frontline political office holder, she has shown Nigerians — especially future generations of political spouses — that respect, decency and humility can exist alongside power. She has demonstrated by her consistent actions that it is ‘God who gives power’, consequently, when you are blessed and fortunate to find yourself in a position of authority, it is necessary to always endeavour to approach everyone with the mindset that influence is a transient occurrence — that must always be treated as such.

We thank Mrs. Osinbajo for the lessons learned by observing the content of her character, and for showing the next generation that people’s actions are everything, in a world that is governed by too many words.

Alwan Hassan is a public policy professional and social commentator who serves as the CEO of Greycube Dynamics and Alsad Integrated Resources. Alwan is a politician and works in developing and sustaining strategic partnerships between governments and internal and external non-governmental organisations.


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Quality Tertiary Education Is Expensive, Nigeria Must Accept This Reality To fix Her Education System, By Ademuyiwa Taofeek

One of the most difficult truths I have reconciled myself with as a Nigerian is that: it is extremely difficult to have free QUALITY TERTIARY EDUCATION.

A lot of Nigerians, in the past and present, have argued that corruption and embezzlement of funds are the biggest issues preventing the country from parading world-class public institutions, but I am of a completely different opinion.

The current education system isn’t working as it ought to and this is saddening, especially when the transformative powers of education as a vehicle to move from a social class to another are considered. While other factors such as the circumstances of birth and divinity may mean that not everyone gets the same start at life, or enjoy same conditions and access to need material and immaterial items, education serves as a bridge that allows people ‘migrate’ from the poor zone to the rich one.

It is the most powerful tool that offers a man access to opportunities to attain success and rub minds with the Kings, irrespective of his background or whether or not he hails from a shanty, ghetto or slum. Examples abound to make this point.

However, a distinction we must make, and a truth we must awaken ourselves to, is that this can only be made possible through the acquisition of quality tertiary education, not just enrollment in tertiary institutions that produce half-baked or unbaked graduates with neither skill nor imagination.

Although arguments could be made that Nigeria is a rich country that should be able to devote large sums to tertiary institutions, the reality, as seen in other countries with accepted better models, is that the government alone cannot provide the funds needed as the things we associate with good universities here, such as building classrooms and regular payment of lecturers’ salaries, though important, are not enough to bring our tertiary schools to the required level.

Research alone, an organized inquisition for new knowledge, not the routine final year ‘project’ work we do here by buying and injecting guinea pigs or asking people to fill questionnaires, gulps a lot of money that the government alone may not be able to muster. I am referring to funds needed to fund a University to the point where the nation is certain that when there is an outbreak of a particular disease, it can rise to the occasion and produce a potent, breakthrough vaccine that will save millions of lives in the country and across the globe.

For example and to further illustrate the point, Cambridge University’s endowment fund (which can loosely be interpreted to mean its ‘budget’) is about £7bn while Oxford University is within the same region. MIT (a specialized institution) spends about $3bn as operating expenses. These funds are not sourced from the government. Outside of private organization donations, students desirous of quality learning pay the sum equivalent to the value the institution is offering. There are some courses in MIT that go for as high as $48,000 (N16m/session). As an international student, you pay as high as £30,000 to study law at Oxford University.

Conversely, Lagos State University, Obafemi Awolowo University, University of Benin and a couple of other tertiary institutions in the country believed to be top Universities to consider for a Law degree in Nigeria charge a tuition fee that’s lower than N80,000 a session. This glaring disparity accounts for the reason our University undergraduates fail to produce drones, electronics and telecommunication devices, the likes seen elsewhere.

I think 2020 should be the last time we consider building new schools. What we need to do is abolish the subsidy on education in Nigeria, especially at the tertiary level, and channel the funds to primary and second school education because as sources of foundational learning, they are jointly the most important schools as we restructure.

I propose that we select 10 of our Federal Universities across all regions of the country and use them as pilot schools to learn important lessons for expansion and adaptation. There will be more suggestions on the methods to adopt but one thing is clear: we need to start running our tertiary institutions with utmost seriousness. We have to involve like never before the private sector. We also need to start using our institutions to create indirect wealth by ensuring that 90% of our graduates are ready to create wealth and jobs no matter how difficult it is. These changes will come with a huge cost that will directly mean that people will pay more to get the best.

I know some may ask: how will a son of a poor man or daughter of a ‘nobody’ afford the fees? This is where we need to look into grants, scholarships, academic loans, etc.

Institutions can be charged with the creation of tangible income to create jobs. As an undergraduate of food science, my department runs a bakery and water factory which supplies the host community with delicious bread and well-treated, safe water. Faculties and departments can employ this model which will mandatorily create part-time jobs for students of such departments and also serve as a platform to learn the real-life applications of what they read in their books. They get a percentage of their income while the larger percentage goes into the school’s pocket for their school fees.

Foreigners will come from far and wide to have a taste of our quality tertiary education and be made to pay more than citizens to help the school meet its financial obligations.

Civil servants and parents from the private sector can be granted soft educational loans for their children for any of the 10 selected universities. This will drastically reduce corruption in Nigeria given that the desperate acquisition of wealth through illegal means by most parents is motivated by the desire to secure a good future for their kids through quality education considered expensive and beyond reach as a legitimate worker.

The revolution doesn’t have to start with all our Universities, I believe we can start small and let the successes recorded entice other actors, including state universities into adopting the system.

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Protecting Lives And Livelihood During And After The Pandemic: Nigeria Has A Viable Plan, By Richard Ogundiya

Many states in Nigeria have taken drastic measures including total lockdowns and border closures in an attempt to contain the spread of COVID-19. Most of the country’s workforce, precisely 80 per cent fall under the informal sector and are daily earners. For Nigeria’s urban and extreme poor, social distancing is an arduous and impossible task to achieve. However, the presidency and state governments have kickstarted several rescue palliatives targeted at vulnerable citizens and businesses, whilst providing health workers at the frontline of the pandemic with the support they need.

One day we will have to reopen the economy and lift the shutdowns no matter how long. We’ll need to hold out until the outbreak shows signs of receding, or perhaps the economic suffering will prove intolerable both to those in charge and to other Nigerians irrespective of class and status. COVID-19 will disrupt several sectors and give rise to a new era of human development.

The Economic Sustainability Committee inaugurated by President Buhari and chaired by his deputy, Professor Yemi Osinbajo is working to calculate the magnitude of the shock and sharpening their tools to save the economy from collapse. This focus includes job protection, income security, food supplies, and the general welfare of the most vulnerable people among us.

The committee which is also set up to save banks, prevent fiscal ruin, and safeguard future generations is made up of Ministers of Finance, Budget and Planning; Industry, Trade and Investment; Labor and Employment; Minister of State Petroleum Resources; CBN Governor, NNPC Group Managing Director and Permanent Secretary of the cabinet secretariat as the committee secretary.

The group is working on a full Sustainability Report detailing fiscal and monetary measures that will enhance Nigeria’s oil and non-oil revenues, develop a stimulus package and other clear-cut measures to create more jobs while keeping existing ones.

They have met regularly since the beginning of April, mostly via teleconferencing in adherence to physical distancing guidelines.

On Monday, 20th of April, the Vice President and other members met with representatives of the International Monetary Fund and the World Bank to share and exchange recommendations that will plunge the country’s economy to new heights between now and 2023. The World Bank Group is acting quickly to step up support as countries respond to the crisis and manage a plethora of consequences including the risk of a global recession. The Bank Group expects to deploy up to $160 billion over the next 15 months to help countries protect the poor and vulnerable, support businesses, and bolster economic recovery. 

It is great to see Osinbajo and his team work tirelessly to secure the future of Nigerians in a Post-Covid world through decisive, collective action and innovation. The committee says it is set to deliver the report to the President in the following week, it will contain robust and wide-ranging policies, strategies and visons necessary to sustain the economy and livelihood of Nigerians. 

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Malam Abba Kyari: A Great Public Servant – A Tribute by Malam Mamman Daura

Corona virus is a law, yet lawless unto itself. As of yesterday it has claimed 183,424 lives worldwide and 28 Nigerians. 

One of those lives lost was Malam Abba Kyari’s, Chief of Staff to the President. Malam Abba succumbed to complications after contracting and recovering from Corona Virus a week today. 

Malam Abba Kyari was a man blessed with mountainous gifts and uncommon attributes of intelligence, diligence, hard work, loyalty to friends and worthy causes. One could exhaust superlatives to do him full justice. 

I first set eyes on Malam Abba about 47 years ago. I was at my desk at the New Nigerian newspapers office scribbling something or other when the gate messenger brought a chit of paper with a name “Abba Kyari Chima” wanting to see the Editor. When he came in he looked winsome and slightly diffident. After pleasantries I wanted to know his reason for coming to New Nigerian. He said he read and liked an Editorial in the paper a few days earlier headed: “Solution looking for a Problem” and he resolved to work with us. After swift enquiry, I was told there were no vacancies in the Newsroom nor in Sub-Editing. But a lowly position existed as proof reader as someone had just left. I was about to apologise to him that what was available was beneath his station. Malam Abba quickly said: “I will take it.” After formalities he was enrolled as a staff of New Nigerian. 

By “taking it” he was taking a sizeable cut from his previous teaching job’s pay as the salary scales in the New Nigerian where Malam Abba and I worked were historic in their frugality. You couldn’t get fat on the wages of the New Nigerian in the mid -70s. 

Anyway within weeks Malam Abba had moved to the Newsroom and was an articulate member at the daily editorial conferences. Moreover, he and I became 


firm friends ever since. If I recall correctly, we both left the services of New Nigerian within a short time of each other. 

After New Nigerian, Malam Abba worked at NNDC and Zamfara Textiles – a state- sponsored investment company and a private manufacturing outfit – valuable experience in later life – and soon grew out of those jobs. 

Constantly striving to improve himself he went to Warwick University in England – where General Gowon also attended after leaving Nigeria as Head of State – and acquired an Honours Degree in Sociology and thence to the world-famous Cambridge University where he graduated in Law before returning to Nigeria. 

When a group of sponsors including Malam Ahmed Joda, Mr. Philip Asiodu and Malam Isma’ila Isa Funtua floated a new newspaper, The Democrat, Malam Abba was nominated and unanimously accepted as its Editor. His previous experience in the New Nigerian and his quality education enabled him to run the newspaper with aplomb. 

Malam Abba served as Company Secretary with the burgeoning African International Bank. But as I said Malam Abba grew out of every job he held hitherto. 

And when Mr. Hakeem Bello-Osagie assembled a team of investors and managers to help revive the collapsing UBA, Malam Abba was persuaded to join the group and after weeks of diligence the group acquired UBA and Malam Abba joined the Bank as a Senior Executive. Needless to relate, he eventually became the Bank’s Chief Executive and on retirement was persuaded to remain as non-executive Vice-Chairman. 

These times coincided with the country’s return to democracy and Malam Abba was among those enthusiastically espousing the cause of General Obasanjo. On his selection as PDP candidate, a group of women and youths in the PDP lobbied Obasanjo to pick Malam Abba as his Vice Presidential running mate. After heated debates, Obasanjo eventually picked Alhaji Atiku Abubakar. 

In the 2003 elections, Malam Abba was in opposite camps with President Obasanjo. General Muhammadu Buhari had declared his intention the previous year to contest the presidency and Malam Abba joined his team and worked wholeheartedly in all the campaigns through the drudgery and injustices of the 2003, 2007 and 2011 elections without losing hope or sight of the ultimate goal. 

Perseverance paid off and in 2015 General Buhari under the banner of APC (an amalgam of CPC, ACN, ANPP and break away factions of the PDP and many other smaller parties) won the Presidential elections. To his great surprise, the President appointed Malam Abba as the Chief of Staff. 

Fortified by the rigours of a Cambridge education and varied experience in Banking, industry, investment and journalism, Malam Abba set himself the task of defining the role, functions and status of the Chief of Staff. He started by consulting previous incumbents of the position he could reach as a way of educating himself of the challenges ahead of him. 

All future Chiefs of Staff will henceforth be judged by the benchmark of Malam Abba Kyari. Next, he assembled a team of very competent staff who worked incredibly long hours, 7 days a week to analyse, itemize, disaggregate knotty problems and advise the President. Malam Abba was an exacting taskmaster and his staff were relieved if he travelled outside the country. But to a man they valued, respected some even liked him. 

Malam Abba was at odds with many senior members of the government on economic policies. Many Nigerian elites tend to lean towards the Bretton Woods one-size-fits-all solutions long discredited and demonstrably failed in so many so- called Third World countries. Malam Abba tended to look inward for solutions and was not an ideologue. He was heavily influenced by two Nobel Laureates, the great West Indian Economist, Professor Arthur Lewis and the eminent Indian Professor Amartya Sen, the latter Malam Abba frequently called to exchange views. 

Despite holding firm views, his advice to the President was dispassionate, even- handed and did not hide unpleasant facts, in the best traditions of public service. 

In point of intellect, he stood above all Ministers and Special Advisers in this government. But personally he was modest, ever willing to learn, ever willing to help others. 

Malam Abba leaves a widow, the estimable Hajiya Hauwa and four children, Aisha (Amma), Nuruddeen, Ibrahim and Zainab. The children have all been well educated and are able to pursue their own careers. 

Few people knew that over ten years ago, he turned his house in Maiduguri (since he no longer resided there) into accommodation for IDPs. At some stage there were 75 people whom Malam Abba was feeding, clothing and looking after; in addition to their children’s education. Later, the numbers got larger. Malam Abba never said a word to anybody about this. Amma and her siblings are not the only orphans Malam Abba left! 

He lived a fairly simple life and habitually wore a red cap, white clothing and black shoes. He had to be forced by his friends to change the cap and he wore the shoes to the ground before buying a new pair! 

According to hospital reports, his body fought hard in face of deteriorating complications, but his time had come. We remember him with sadness in our hearts and tears in our eyes….. 

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Now that Abba Kyari Is Innocent, Can We Allow Mammal Daura To Rest, By Alwan Hassan

With the recent revelations that have come to light after the demise of the former Chief of staff to President Muhammadu Buhari, Abba Kyari; it makes sense to conclude that countless Nigerians may have to seek forgiveness from God for branding the man what he was not. This is because, for many years now, columnists  and public analysts that report on activities going on in the corridors of power successfully led many Nigerians into believing that the late Abba Kyari was the ‘devil’ that we must all battle against. However, recent revelations from those who really knew the man have since proven that Abba Kyari was never our enemy — he was the gatekeeper who kept the vultures at bay.

Personally, I have always noted that the late Kyari’s accusers have never validated the many accusations levelled against him. There was never any proof of wrongdoing. All the Nigerian public have been treated to were a bunch of unverified claims, grandiose allegations and manufactured political propaganda; all for which late Abba Kyari was criticised, vilified, abused, insulted, hated and even cursed. Now that the curtains have dropped and the truth is surely but gradually coming out, Nigerians must now begin the process of actually seeking out the truth.

I would like to also observe that each and every time the name of Kyari was mentioned in relation to any shady deals or corruption of any type, the name that has always served as a natural accompaniment to that of the late Chief of staff was that of Mamman Daura. Like coffee with cream, and peanut butter with jelly, both men were always packaged into the same box. However, it is important to note that if Kyari has been shown to be innocent of all the alleged atrocities that were levelled against him, common sense demands that his ‘supposed accomplice’, Maman Daura, is also not culpable to any of the false accusations.

Having said this, those who led Nigerians into crucifying the late Abba Kyari are not showing any signs of quitting their mischief. Presently, they have thrown the name of Mamman Daura into the list of likely replacement for late Abba Kyari as Chief of staff. 

Personally, considering the age and social standing of Daura, coupled with his bloodline ties to the President, the mere suggestion of Daura as the Chief of Staff is an insult to the old man for which he deserves an apology. 

Having come a long way in life, Mamman Daura has no doubt paid his dues and it’ is therefore beholden on all Nigerians of good conscience to allow the septuagenarian  to enjoy the remainder of his years — and practice restraint when sharing or participating in the unnecessary political propaganda and slander that has plagued him since Buhari assumed office in 2015.

Alwan Hassan writes in from Abuja.

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COVID – 19: The Importance Of Protection Considerations In The Government Palliative Measures, By Ibrahim Adamu

COVID – 19 has so far disrupted the social norm and contract around the world. There has been disruption in sources of livelihoods, access to education etc. most especially in countries with high poverty incidence rate in Sub Saharan Africa.

It has therefore, become imperative for both Federal and State Governments in Nigeria to ensure and put into consideration Protection issues like Sexual and Gender Based Violence in the palliative and government response measures.

There is likely to be an increase in the rate of domestic violence due to economic stress and forced              co-existence. Government agencies responsible need to be proactive in ensuring reduction in household tensions through mass community awareness and follow up. This need synergy with local traditional institutions.

Accordingly, men and women may be unable to access their livelihood due to fear of stigmatization, lock down or movement restriction. When food becomes scarce in an emergency like the COVID – 19, it may force households to engage in negative strategies to cope like consuming less food which can lead to other health complications.

In addition, there is clear need to regulate and coordinate the response to mitigate both fraud and the risk of abuse and exploitation in responding to the situation by many actors.

Consequently, the decision by  the Government to support the school feeding program is a welcome development as it will ensure even with the disruption in classes and learning as a result of the closures, there is a reliability in source of food for many children.

Interestingly, of utmost importance for inclusion in the COVID – 19 response planning and palliative measures are the diverse / vulnerable group like older people, people with disabilities and those with underlying diseases. The diverse / vulnerable groups are clearly at risk of both social exclusion and isolation at home – and may be increasingly so in this period. Such groups may be difficult to reach with both support and information, especially in remote areas.

Nevertheless, the women health care providers in the front line working to save lives need to participate and be part of the leadership of the response and coordination to ensure inclusion and diverse views and input.

Finally , those coordinating the response should consider : barriers to accessing information by diverse / vulnerable  groups – Ensure and information is tailored to diverse / vulnerable  groups – And ensure the existence and strengthening of referral pathways especially the location of health facilities and hotlines for prompt communication.

Ibrahim Adamu

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Re: Pantami And Ministerial Arrogance, By Adewunmi Olaoluwatomi

When one person makes an accusation, check to be sure he himself is not the guilty one. Sometimes it is those whose case is weak who make the most clamour.” – Piers Anthony

It is evidently and surprisingly clear that Nigerian online columnists are resorting to distortion, falsification and misuseof their God-given talents, instead of penning on government policies that make impact to citizens. Unfortunately, few and many others avail to be agents of misinformation and manipulation in their quest to gain cheap popularity. Although the Freedom of Information Act gives one chance to comment on matters affecting the nation, it also stated clearly that unfounded and baseless allegations are not to be entertained.

Last Friday 27thMarch, 2020, a faceless columnist appeared on Sahara Reporters (online newspaper) to maliciously discredit one of Nigeria’s famous and revered technocrats in person of Dr Isa Ali Ibrahim (Pantami), FNCS, FBCS, FIIM. The writer, knowingly or unknowingly, failed to set aside his irrationality to at least outline the achievements of the Honourable Minister in the Information and Communications Technology sector of Nigeria.

I wish the writer of that unfounded and ill-nurtured article, Emmanuel John, is known to the Nigerian public so that his-behind-the-scene ulterior motive to engineer a rift between highly respected personalities could be revealed.

At this point in time, the likes of Dr Isa Ali Ibrahim Pantami, the Honourable Minister of Communications and Digital Economy, should be encouraged, emboldened and cheered for the wonderful job he has been doing since his appointment as Minister by Muhammadu Buhari GCFR, the President and Commander-In-Chief of the Armed Forces. The author of that piece seemed to be oblivious to the current realities at the Ministry and Parastatals it supervises. He has brought himself so low in his move to venomously undermine the personality of Dr Pantami.

The author un-assiduously claimed that the Honourable Minister blocked Professor Umar Garba Dambatta, the Executive Vice Chairman, Nigerian Communications Commission (NCC), from making a complete speech during the Launching and Commissioning of some projects supervised by the Ministry. He arrogantly stated that, “the EVC’s Speech was about the complex and how it came into being.  The minister, who had earlier evidently lied to the President that it was him who built the gigantic project, could not allow the EVC to tell the President the truth.”

This assertion is false and aimed at damaging the international reputation of Dr Pantami. To set the record straight, the Honourable Minister has never claimed building the said project, but rather asseverated that it was supervised by the Ministry of Communications and Digital Economy as enshrined in Nigeria’s law.

The author negated his trustworthiness (if he has any) in throwing tantrums, not knowing that it was paramount that whenever Mr President happened to be at an event, timing must be strictly adhered to. In a situation like this, speakers cling to the time allocated to them and limit their presentations.

One will be flabbergasted on the manner the author is trying to create chaos and conflict between the already established synergy among sister Agencies under the Ministry. 

In a saner society, faceless Emmanuel John lacks moral and intellectual prowess to comment on matters pertaining Digital Technology, especially to someone whose outstanding professionalism and integrity earned him the highest recognition in the global IT industry: The Fellowship of the British Computer Society (FBCS).

Dr Pantami, as a man for the job, who has served as an IT Consultant to many National and International industries, is also a fellow of the Institute of Information Management (FIIM).

Only fools will sit down and be looking at the sky, believing that it will fall. Dr Pantami’s unmatchable contribution and impact to the growth of Information Communications Technology in Nigeria, through his extensive knowledge and vast experience, earned him elevation to the position of Minister. Because of Dr Pantami’s technical-know-how style in the IT sector, saw the need and recommended to Mr President to rename the Ministry’s name and expand its mandate to align his commitment with President Muhammadu Buhari’s Change Agenda as well as be in line with global best practices. He is largely responsible for the renewed vigour and focus in the industry. He has sustained an unprecedented level of professionalism and compliance in the sector.

To say that under Dr Pantami, either the NCC or its Executive Vice Chairman is being undermined is the highest intellectual turbulence one could have ever imagined. People with accurate mindset will never make such baseless allegations with buttress.

The writer should have checked his words before going to press. His piece contained malicious and dangerous declaration that may land him in jail. Nay, personalities like Dr Pantami are always after the progress of the nation, not stooping to the level of low-key bonehead and jackass.

NCC has recorded tremendous achievements under the supervision of the Honourable Minister, only dickhead could shamelessly deny that. Since Dr Pantami was sworn-in as Nigeria’s new Minister of Communications and Digital Economy, he has been working with strict compliance and cooperation from all the Chief Executive Officers under his Ministry.This led to the directive given to the NCC to block all unregistered Subscriber Identification Module (SIM) cards.

The NCC, through its Director of Public Affairs, Henry Nkemadu, has since informed  Nigerians that the Commission has successfully deactivated over two million (2m) unregistered SIM cards across telecommunication networks in the country. This action has significantly curtailed the menace of kidnappings and other crimes perpetrated using SIM cards. This has clearly shown Dr Pantami’s working experience and synergy with Parastatals under his supervision.

In today’s world, especially at a time Nigeria is moving towards diversification from resource-based to knowledge-based economy, the need for effective teamwork is critical for the business. This is what Dr Pantami exhibited in matters relating to his relationship with all the Agencies and Parastatals under his purview. The ability to simultaneously perform as an individual and together with your colleagues or employees in effective teamwork is key to attaining growth and success.

The Minister’s achievements can be seen even by a blind man, which is why the President himself commended him for bringing the Agencies and Parastatals to work together as one, align them to work harder, cooperate and be supportive of one another. He even thanked him for the high level of synergy that has been created amongst the parastatals under the Minister’s supervision.

Nigerians are living witnesses to testify on what Dr Pantami, the Honourable Minister, is doing. He has rejigged the Ministry and realigned its work schedule, encouraged mutual support and shared goals, cooperation and provides workplace synergy among the Parastatals. With this, Agencies and Parastatals are able to feel a greater sense of accomplishment, collectively responsible for outcomes achieved and feed individuals with the incentive to perform at higher levels.

Dr Pantami has become steering wheel in leading Federal Government of Nigeria on strategic implementation of programmes aimed at diversifying the economy. Oil and gas can no longer be dependent upon because countries around the world, especially the developed ones, are switching to digitalization in almost all their means of activities, including transportation.

Dr Pantami’s unprecedented achievements in ensuring that Nigeria lifts itself to reach the required level in the Global Information Technology Development Index can never be overemphasized. He is leading a rescue mission of Nigeria’s migration from natural resource economy to ICT-based economy. As true Nigerians, it is our collective responsibility to stifle any nincompoops trying to distract the Minister; we must not let that happen.

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Understanding COVID-19 A Traditional African Medicine Approach, By Walid Moukarim


In African traditional medical science, disease is as a result of imbalance in the naturally existing temperament of the mind, system, organs and/or tissues of the human body.

This temperament theory is the reference to understanding the level of heat and cold naturally existing in a living creature and nonliving objects. This is where treatment and management of ailments are hinged.

Looking at the current pandemic caused by the corona virus, from the perspective of the African traditional medicine practitioner we can classify the ailment caused by it as Mura mai Mashako [an exact Medical name might not come easy as this embodies the whole course of the ailment – from what is seen as a common cold to acute pneumonia.]

Mura is generally anything from a mild cold with runny nose to some serious upper respiratory ailment like bronchitis and pneumonia, depending on the suffix attached to it.

In so much as the world has maintained the use Covid-19 and not named an ailment, is in its self Zafi and a cause of the fear and panic around this pandemic.

This is a summary to bring to fore the possibilities in treating this and other ailments we are plagued with.

Sababi (Cause)

From what we have been told and reports of the manifestation of the ailment and symptoms, we see the cause as Zafi Mai Danshi (Heat with Dampness or Damp Heat)

Gabban farko da ya shafa [parts of the body first affected]

Hanchi da Makogaro (Nose [Sinuses] and Throat), these have a temperament of Sanyi mai Danshi (Cold with Dampness).

This explains why the causative pathogen incubates for a period of time until the heat level changes to Zafi kenkeshesshe (Heat with Dryness, Hot Dry or Dry Heat). As the pathogen approaches this state, it causes discomforts which could include itching, swelling and pain in the sinus and throat area.

At this point, the pathogen having become Zafi Kenkeshesshe (Dry Heat) is set to cause relatively serious damage to the lungs and digestive tract which are both cold and damp in temperament, this explains why all of a sudden, the host becomes very sick.

Gabbobin da zai sake shafa (secondary organs it will affect)

Here, we are dealing with Mura mai Masahko and Basir Syndrome (a combination of upper respiratory tract infections and unhealthy colon disease at the same time).

These preventive and Treatment protocols are based on The Temperamental Theory, The Understanding of the Body, Sickness and Medicine in the eyes of the African Traditional Medicine Practitioner, using whole plant, other material and actions for treatment and not based on Herbal medicine or active ingredients theory.

Kariya (Prevention)

Kara karfin garguwan jiki ta hanyan abunch da iyaiyan itache, improving the bodies immunity through food and fruits.

The herbs with appropriate temperament that are used in the treatment of Mura mai sababin zafi when used as tea or a decoction would help in the prevention and initial treatment of suspected cases.

Sirache (Steaming) with herbs that carry the correct temperament will also be of immense value to treatment and recovery.

Keeping warm and exposing self to the morning and evening sun, this helps in body immunity.

Magani (Treament)

This will depend on the stage of the ailment, as there has to be a temperamental balance of the herbs used to match the stage and organs most affected.

The herbs and their combination will depend on the stage and symptoms of the patient, this will also be varied to match the body type [Hawa’i, Turabi, Ma’i, Nari]

The general health history of the patient will be of importance here, with reference to some of the following.

Allergies, Hawan Jin [Hypertensive], Chiwon Sugar [Diabetic], Shawara [Hepatitis], Basir [unhealthy Colon], and more as these will inform the combination of herbs.

Traditional Medicine Practitioners [TMPs] using the temperamental theory would use a wide variety of leaves, tree barks and roots in single or multiple herb combinations to achieve the same results.

This was the Chinese approach and method.

We are open to questions.

  • Walid S. Moukarim
  • BAIS, Higher Dip Hijama Therapy, Dip ATMP, Proficiency Certificate TCM
  • TMP, IPHM2305. MITBCCT 1234/1912/2401
  • @walidsmoukaim – facebook
  • @ShifahHolisticC – twitter
  • @shifahhhc1 – Instagram
  • Shifah Holistic Health Care –
  • Tel: +2348099331855
  • ©18-03-2020
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