Tribute To Sen. Isiaka Adeleke, By Gov. Rauf Aregbesola

ERIN WO, AJANAKU SUN BI OKE, A TITAN IS GONE

TRIBUTE TO SENATOR ISIAKA ADELEKE (JANUARY 1955 – APRIL 23, 2017)

I received with deep shock but submission to the will of Allah (SWT) the news of the death of Senator Isiaka Adetunji Adeleke early this morning. He was 62 years. Senator Adeleke was the first civilian governor of the State of Osun elected on the platform of the Social Democratic Party (SDP), in the aborted Third Republic. He was in office between January 1992 and November 1993.

At the return of civil democratic rule, he was elected as the candidate of the Peoples Democratic Party (PDP) to represent Osun West in the Senate of the Federal Republic of Nigeria from 2007 to 2011. Senator Adeleke came from the illustrious Adeleke family of Ede. His father, Senator Ayoola Adeleke, was a progressive politician, an ally of Chief Obafemi Awolowo and a staunch member of the Unity Party of Nigeria (UPN), under which banner he was elected to the Nigerian Senate in the Second Republic.

It is not surprising therefore that Senator Adeleke returned to the progressives fold in 2014 when he joined the All Progressives Congress (APC). He returned to the Senate in 2015, having contested the Osun West Senatorial seat in the general election and won as the candidate of the APC.

Senator Adeleke became the first civilian governor of Osun at the age of 37, barely a year after the creation of the state, at a period he was most energetic. He therefore laboured hard, giving his best, to lay a good foundation for the then young state, the impact of which we still feel today, even though he was in office for less than two years.

He was a charismatic politician and political leader with panache, passion and fervour that traversed the political spectrum, appealing to all social strata. He was at home with the grassroots as he was with the elite.

Senator Adeleke was a very generous man who gave his all to the needy, friends and constituents, without favour to ethnicity, religion and background. Thousands benefitted from his scholarship scheme and social empowerment programmes.

He was a loyal party member and a team player who was determined to help realise the progressive agenda of the party, through legislation, not just in the whole country but in the State of Osun and Osun West Senatorial District as well.

Senator Adeleke was a personal friend who was committed to my re-election with his entire being. He was unflinching in his support and commitment, even when the security agencies laid a siege to his residence on the eve of the August 9, 2014 governorship election.

His death is very painful and a blow to us all. He is leaving a void in us, the Senate of the Federal Republic, Osun politics and his community in Ede that will be hard to fill. We give thanks to the Almighty God for the fruitful and exemplary life that Senator Adeleke lived. All mortal come from him and to him shall they return.

On behalf of the government, the good people of Osun and my family, I offer sincere condolences to his wife and children, the Adeleke Family of Ede, the Senate of the Federal Republic of Nigeria, the APC national and in the State of Osun, the good people of Ede and the progressives family at large.

May God grant him eternal repose and Aljanna Fidaus.

 

Rauf Aregbesola

Governor, State of Osun

The Greatest Athlete In Kenya Showed The Photo Of The Expensive Car, But The Tracks Remained Unhidden

One of the best athletes was caught in a million shilling farce. The man declared that he had bought the Range Rover, although fans pointed out it was all the deceit.

As reported at Tuko Newspaper, the biggest part of the athletes in Kenya are rich. With their winning streak, they are raking in millions for their winnings and appearances. Because of this, the fact that these sportsmen are at the head of their own hotel, have the number of sports clubs or a range of amazing cars, must not surprise you.

Well, one of these rich people is called Geoffrey Kipsang. It is known that he is 25 years old. He is the great champion of the country. The man has many fans and the last news that shocked them was on his official social page. Geoffrey posted the photo with his new amazing automobile — Range Rover.

On the photo, people could see the number plate with the athlete’s name. A lot of rumors appeared on the theme that the car was bought due to the great holiday — St. Valentine’s Day. However, by monitoring the photo, it was found out that the pic had been downloaded from another site and everything on the car was made with photoshop. The site, where the pic was taken, is called the Ebay. Moreover, Kamworor captioned the image on his social media with the words “Up to this far, I thank you, Lord”.

Timeline And Amount Of Recoveries By EFCC Since October 2016

One of the most controversial agencies during the present Buhari administration is the Economic and Financial Crimes Commission (EFCC).

From the outset of the administration, it was obvious that the President was relying heavily on the agency to carry out his anti-corruption war. Since then, the EFCC has been more active than ever before, claiming to make several recoveries.

While many have lauded the actions of the EFCC as sanitizing a corrupt polity, others claim that the agency has just been used by the Federal Government (FG) to target political enemies and deal with them. One of the most resounding arguments of critics of the EFCC remains their inability to produce a coherent and accurate record of the so-called loot they claim to be recovering.

The Acting Chairman, Ibrahim Magu, who has been denied confirmation as the substantial Chairman twice by the Senate, himself could not produce neither an accurate figure nor an estimate during his appearance before the legislators. SBM Intel has compiled a timeline of recoveries and the amounts EFCC claimed to recover between October 2015 and April 21, 2017 below.

October 4, 2015

  • N1,200,000 from former Minster of Petroleum, Diezani Madueke

February 6, 2016

  • N25,000,000 from Abba Dabo, former political adviser to ex-Vice president, Namadi Sambo

February 21, 2016

  • N381,000,000 from Mrs. Omolara Amosu, wife of former Chief of Air Staff
  • $1,000,000 from former Chief of Air staff, Air Marshal Alex Badeh

May 24, 2016

  • N10,000,000 from Alhaji Ahmed Dandija

May 24, 2016

  • N2,000,000 from Nuhu Poloma

May 25, 2016

  • N5,000,000 from Bunu Mulima

June 6,2016

  • N10,061,172,600 from National Broadcasting Commission
  • N2,300,000,000 from ex-Chief of Air Staff
  • N900,000,000 from an ex-presidential aide
  • N750,000,000 from a businessman
  • N420,000,000 from an ex-Chief of Staff and others
  • N140,000,000 from an ex-Minister
  • N100,000,000 from an ex-military adiministrator
  • N359,000,000 from Oyo and Ogun INEC
  • N2,000,000 from a former Minister
  • N580,000,000 from a former Minister
  • $1,000,000 from an ex-governor of Delta state
  • N1,000,000 from a former State speaker
  • N2,500,000,000 from an account belonging to an housemaid of former Aviation Minister, Stella Oduah
  • £2,000,000 from a former state speaker

September 2, 2016

  • N78,000,000,000 from unknown persons in Abuja
  • $3,000,000 from unknown persons in Abuja

September 4, 2016

  • N10,000,000 from Jumoke Akinjide

November 3, 2016

  • N100,000,000 from Musiliu Obanikoro

November 17, 2016

  • N400,000,000 from Olisa Metuh

November 26, 2016

  • N6,500,000 from Vice-Chancellor FUNAAB, Olusola Oyewole

November 30, 2016

  • N30,000,000 from Musiliu Obanikoro

December 3, 2016

  • N1,400,000,000 from Abdullahi Dikko

December 18, 2016

  • N1,150,000,000 from unspecified persons in Kano State

January 6, 2017

  • N34,000,000,000 from former Minster of Petroleum, Diezani Madueke

January 13, 2017

  • N100,000,000 from Jafaru Isa

February 3, 2017

  • $9,800,000 from Andrew Yakubu, former NNPC MD
  • £74,000 from Andrew Yakubu, former NNPC MD

February 7, 2017

  • N111,000,000 from 23 INEC officials in Rivers State

February 11, 2017

  • $37,500,000 from former Minster of Petroleum, Diezani Madueke

February 12, 2017

  • N8,000,000,000 from unknown persons in Lagos state
  • $151,000,000 from unknown persons in Lagos state

February 14, 2017

  • N84,000,000 from Air Commodore Gbadebo

March 13, 2017

  • N49,000,000 from unspecified persons at Kaduna Airport

April 9, 2017

  • N448,850,000 from unspecified persons at an empty shop in Lagos

April 11, 2017

  • N4,000,000,000 in a fixed deposit account domiciled in Guaranty Trust Bank

April 12, 2017

  • N23,218,000 in an apartment in Ikoyi, Lagos
  • $43,600,000 in an apartment in Ikoyi, Lagos
  • £27,800 in an apartment in Ikoyi, Lagos

A total of 41 recoveries were reported with the overall sum of recoveries standing at N169, 634,722,600, $260,900,000 and £2,101,800.

Nairametrics

Profile Of Newly Appointed Executive Director Of Rural Electrification Fund Management, Dr. Sanusi Ohiare

Sanusi Ohiare was born on 6th of March, 1985 (32), in Abuja, Federal Capital Territory, but originally hails from Adavi Local Government Area of Kogi State, Nigeria.

He had his primary education at Academy Staff School Suleja, Niger State, before proceeding to the Federal Government College, Kwali – Abuja, for his secondary education.

Sanusi obtained his Bachelor of Science degree in Economics from the University of Jos, Plateau State, where he graduated with a second class honours, upper division (2.1) in 2006.

He later attended the renowned Centre for Energy, Petroleum, Mineral Law and Policy (CEPMLP), University of Dundee, Scotland, United Kingdom, where he obtained a Master of Science degree in Energy Studies, with Specialization in Energy Finance in 2011;

He also obtained a Doctor of Philosophy (PhD) degree in Rural Energy Development from the prestigious Institute for Energy and Sustainable Development (IESD), De Montfort University, Leicester, UK in 2014, and is currently the only Nigerian with that specialization.

His doctorate thesis was on: “Financing Rural Energy Projects in Developing Countries: Country Case Nigeria” (see https://www.dora.dmu.ac.uk/handle/2086/10462 )

Before his appointment, he worked with the German International Cooperation Agency (GIZ), as a National Advisor on Rural Electrification, under the Nigerian Energy Support Programme (NESP), co-funded by the European Union and German Government. In this capacity, he provided technical support to the Rural Electrification Agency and Nigerian Electricity Regulatory Commission; was in charge of data management system and planning for rural electrification; supported the development Mini-grids Pilot Projects and coordinated the Northern states of the programme.

Sanusi has over 10 years’ experience within the Rural Electrification Space. He previously worked with the Nigerian Bulk Electricity Trading Plc. (NBET); Sustainability, Policy and Innovative Development Research (Spider) Solutions; Federal Capital Territory Administration-Abuja and other private companies, in various capacities.

He has published several peer-reviewed articles and a textbook chapter on rural electrification, with bias to planning, technology options and financing in Nigeria, and he was part of the presidential committee that reviewed the rural electrification strategy document for Nigeria in 2013; and also part of the team that developed the draft Mini-grid regulations 2016.

He is a member of the International Association of Energy Economics (IAEE), Nigerian Association of Energy Economics (NAEE), Lagos Oil Club, Society for Petroleum Engineers (SPE), and Energy Institute UK.

7 Things Saraki Wants Nigerians To Know

The Senate President, Dr. Abubakar Bukola Saraki, sat down with veteran journalist, Mahmud Jega for a no-holds-barred interview. These are seven major takeaways

?#1. On whether or not he thought that being Senate President would come with so many crises and conflicts…

Saraki said: “Well, some of these come with the job and with the kind of politics that we play. The most important thing is to always stay focused, and have an objective, have a goal, and be guided by that. And at every point to ask yourself what changes are you making to the lives of the people that voted for us? How are we improving their lives. That is my focus.”

#2. On whether or not the unnecessary distractions in the media are affecting his job as the Senate President…

Saraki said: “These issues are not affecting Senate’s productivity. And today, we are laying the PIB [Petroleum Industry Bill], which has never happened before. I am saying that some things will happen because of politics here and there, but it has not affected our productivity. I can understand if because of these issues, major bills are still waiting and we have not passed. Last year we preferred a way out of the economic problems. Three weeks ago, we moved a motion on the Senate floor that led to the biggest anti-corruption case, where we stand that there was theft of close to N140billion in petroleum produce and government agencies then moved in. It was not any anti-corruption agency that discovered it but the Senate, and we are happy that the DG SSS moved in and arrested the man. So, please, judge us by our results.”

#3. On whether the Senate injects politics into every issue…

Saraki said: “Let us serve Nigeria now and when 2019 comes, then you start again. But we cannot have politics all the time. When government wanted to increase electricity tariff, who intervened? It was the National Assembly. When government brought the request to borrow $31billion, people were saying ‘National Assembly refused to approve’ but it made government to look at a better approach with a proper breakdown, e.g. $1.5billion support for 2016 budget. It became much better when you can break it down and say this is for this and this is for that, instead of approving a total loan package without breakdowns. So, when we take positions like that, it is not against the government, we are all working for the same purpose.”

#4. On whether or not he [Saraki] is opposed to President Buhari…

Saraki said: “The people who are saying that this Senate President is against Buhari, I say to them, when President Buhari was away for two months and rumours were flying around everywhere as to the real situation, President Buhari received many guests [in London] but who was the person who came out and said, ‘President Buhari is fine and is coming back home?’ Tell me, who was it?

“Loyalty is not what people do in front of you. It is what they do behind your back. All this propaganda is just to cause a head-on collision and we know why they are doing it. When the time comes, we will tell you why they are doing it…”

#5. On why his name is involved in recent EFCC cases…

Saraki said: “I never had any problem with EFCC. The only time when I have problems with EFCC is when there is an issue that is political. When I got up in the Senate and raise the issue of the N1.3trillion fuel subsidy, I quickly got a letter from EFCC, that I should come. If truly there were any issues with my governorship, why didn’t I get invited within one month like some of my other colleaguees? In 2011, when I decided that I was going to contest for President, pram! I got an EFCC invitation. Anytime I get an invitation from EFCC, you can attach it to a political issues. At the end of the day, nothing come out of them.

#6. On whether or not he is going to contest for President in 2019…

Saraki said: “You are not the first and you will not be the last person to ask me this question. We won an election in 2015. We have not yet delivered. Majority of the people who should be talking about how we are going to deliver, they are talking about 2019. This is the time for governance. When it is time for politics, it is time for politics. If I give any answer to your question, I am also helping to overheat the polity. Everybody should leave that issue of 2019 so we can concentrate on governance…

#7. On what he wants President Buhari’s supporters to know…

Saraki said: “When you want to know who is loyal to you, it is during your trying moments. Go back to two months ago. Who was it who stood up resolutely and said “Mr. President will be back and there is no cause for alarm?” I don’t think that a man who is not loyal to you will do that. We know some people who went to London and saw President Buhari, but they just left. They did not say anything. My message to all our party’s supporters is that I am committed, that whatever we promised Nigerians, we will deliver. For some of us, this government cannot be allowed to fail. We left one party with our supporters and embarked on this journey. We must be able to go back to them and tell them that the journey was worth it. If God forbid this government fails, what will I go back and tell them? it is in my personal and political interest to see that this government succeeds.”

Boko Haram Commander, Others Relive Life In Sambisa, Says “Allah Didn’t Ask Us To Kill Anyone”

  • Captured Boko Haram commander, combatants relive life in Sambisa, other Boko Haram strongholds
  • How Nigerian Army de-radicalises terror suspects

Joseph David hushed boys to sleep with bullets in Sambisa. He shot hot lead into their parents in Baga. He watched blood drip through their perforated innards, to soak the sands and scorched earth of Borno. David a.k.a Ibrahim Al Hajar, abducted peasant girls and housewives too.

At 22, the commander of the dreaded terrorist sect, Boko Haram, forcibly married two Chibok girls: Precious a.k.a Faridah and Elizabeth a.k.a Amina,soon after their abduction from home and his marriage to his first bride, who is also named Faridah, from Madagali.

David has killed people. Thus at 25, three years after he took command of Boko Haram’s 150-man guerrilla unit, he has lost grasp of his body count. But he remembers the peasant families he dismembered. He remembers the husbands, wives, beloved sons and daughters that he ‘wasted’ in cold blood. David remembers too, the soldiers he ambushed and killed in furious glee.

In the wake of his bloody exploits, David seeks redemption. He fights a desperate battle every day, against demons no one can see. “I want everybody to forgive me and forget because I did it mistakenly. It is not my fault. They forced me…I am sorry for my past. I am sorry for what I did. I am a Christian. I did not intend to do these things but they forced me. I did it to save my life. That is why I say I am sorry,” he said, urging his victims to ‘forgive and forget.’

I want everybody to forgive me and forget because I did it mistakenly. It is not my fault. They forced me…I am sorry for my past. I am sorry for what I did. I am a Christian. I did not intend to do these things but they forced me. I did it to save my life. That is why I say I am sorry

Can his victims ever forgive and forget? Most of them are dead; very few people survived David and his rampaging horde. From Baga to Bama, Patawe to Pita, Monguno to Sambisa, David left a bloody trail as a fearless slayer. But how did the unassuming youth from Mubi, Adamawa State, mutate into a terror of Nigeria’s northeast?

“I was kidnapped,” he said; “The people that kidnapped me named me Ibrahim Al Hajar. They (Boko Haram) kidnapped me three years ago in Mubi (Adamawa). I was 22 years old. They took me to Sambisa Forest.”

In Sambisa Forest, David’s abductors indoctrinated him with spiritual texts regarded as Boko Haram’s holy grail. This was the prerequisite for training him to use guns and other weaponry. Thus after three months of brainwashing, Joseph was renamed Ibrahim Al Hajar.

shekauAfterwards, he was transferred toShababu Ummah. “That is where they train people to use guns. I spent almost four months there, learning to use machine guns and other weapons of war. After that, I passed out (graduated),” he said.

For his first assignment, he was given a Hilux truck with an Antiaircraft (AA) machine gun. He was assigned to lead ambushes against Nigeria’s Military Joint Task Force (MJTF). David led his squad on several successful missions, ambushing the JTF and halting military onslaught against Boko Haram in Sambisa. Then he got caught.

“Before I was caught, I went on a mission to Patawe. I went to Gwoza. In 2015, I attacked Babangida (a town) and there was a time that the Nigeria Army attacked Sambisa Forest, so they permitted me to walk over them. So I did…That was the time Buhari defeated Goodluck Jonathan.”

David regrets many things: “You know, the lives of people that I have wasted. At the end, I don’t know how it will be…on the last day of judgment. And I regret because I was a student before Boko Haram kidnapped me.

“I was schooling at SPY. That is, State Polytechnic, Yola. I was studying Criminal Law…I want to say sorry because these things that I did, I did them to save my life. If I didn’t do them, they may think I am trying to bring problem within them. So, I did those things smartly and logically, till the time that God provided way for me to escape,” he said.

“You know, the lives of people that I have wasted. At the end, I don’t know how it will be…on the last day of judgment. And I regret because I was a student before Boko Haram kidnapped me. I was schooling at SPY. That is, State Polytechnic, Yola. I was studying Criminal Law…I want to say sorry because these things that I did, I did them to save my life.

Life as Boko Haram Commander

Being a Boko Haram Commander attracted several perks. David enjoyed a great deal of respect and modest wealth. He had his own army, numbering 150 to 250 men. He also received at least N500, 000 every month for his upkeep and that of his soldiers. The money was disbursed to him and fellow senior officers in Nigerian currency and sometimes, it was disbursed to them in foreign currencies: Euro, Dollars or Riyal.

With such liquid cash at his disposal, David was rich enough to marry three wives. Thus in one year, he forcibly married three abducted teenagers; his first wife, Faridah, was kidnapped from Madagali and the other two, Precious a.k.a Faridah and Elizabeth a.k.a Amina, were abducted from Chibok. His first wife, he revealed, was pregnant at the time of his arrest by the Nigeria Army.

Didn’t he feel sorry for them? Didn’t he ever imagine that they could be his sisters and thus cringe from marrying them? To these, he responds: “I felt sorry for them but I treated them well. Due to my position, I had some wealth, shelter and other things. So, I took care of them. Because they were Christians and I was a Christian too, I treated them well.”

Did they love him? “They loved me too much,” he enthused.

David’s wives are still in Sambisa and he believes they will still see him ‘By God’s grace.”

 Frosty relationship with Shekau

“Shekau captured my wives. He took the two Chibok girls from me because I treated them well. He said he did not trust me. He said, one day, I would run with them back to Nigeria,” said David. According to him, his frosty relationship with Shekau was caused by moles in his unit who fed unpalatable information about him to the Boko Haram leader. David said because he didn’t maltreat his wives like the other officers, his actions became suspect to his soldiers and peers.

David is sure that his wives and Boko Haram leadership know that he is still alive. “They will know because of the information that goes around and they have computers and other digital gear,” he said.

David met with Shekau at the completion of each stage of his training in weapon handling. For instance, Shekau hosted him and gave him a Hilux truck with Anti-aircraft (AA) machine gun immediately he completed his first training. He also fought alongside Shekau against the military in Pita in a bloody gunfight that led to deaths on both sides.

Is Shekau a good leader?

Shekau is not a good leader due to what he is doing. His Muslim brothers are blaming him. He spoiled the religion of Muslims. So, he is not a good person. If you look at the people and widows that he has taken as slaves, he is not taking good care of them. People are dying, especially the small children. He is not taking care of them – David.

The 25-year-old dreams of pursuing a career in Criminology. He also dreams of reuniting with his siblings and parents in Yola, Adamawa.

 Boko Haram’s dangerous use of minors

Over the years, Boko Haram has constituted a security challenge to Nigeria. Since its birth in 2009, the group has expanded its operational tactics to include the use of suicide bombers – mainly underage girls – and forcible recruitment of underage boys as combatants to execute its terrorist attacks.

Boko Haram’s modus operandi (MO) includes the abduction of underage girls and boys and even adults to feed its badly devastated militant army. Abductees or hostages of the terrorist group oftentimes harden into stone-cold killers on the watch of the group’s leadership.

                                                                                                Damina

One such victim is Yau Damina, 14. The teenager was abducted from Potiskum by Boko Haram and taken to an unknown destination several months ago. Damina spent five months in Boko Haram’s terror camps, training to become a combatant soldier. And he became a stone-cold killer. In five months, Damina developed deadly skills. For instance, he killed five men in the blink of an eye, because they disrespected and killed his team leader.

“I killed them because they killed my team leader,” he said. In retrospect, Damina feels bad over what he’d done. He said he wishes he hadn’t joined Boko Haram. Damina has no hobbies. He has no dreams. And he has no hopes for the future. He is simply content living in military detention. Yau was arrested while attending a wedding at his grandfather’s village in Potiskum.

Unlike Damina whose body count tally at five, Ali Mustapha, 17, killed 13 people during his time with Boko Haram. Mustapha revealed that he was forced to kill his victims in Chikungudu Forest, Kalabalge, where he was held in captivity for three years by the insurgents.

Mustapha was intercepted by security operatives while on espionage mission in Maiduguri. He was allegedly sent by his Commander, Umar, fromChikungudu Forest in Kalabalge.

Ali Mustapha told The Nation in an interview, that he was sent to spy and report on likely soft targets in Baga Road, Monday Market and Custom Market in Maiduguri, Borno capital.

                                                                                             

                                                                                             Mustapha

“I was kidnapped in Marte by the insurgents; when they stormed the town in 2013, they took us away to Chikungudu Forest in Kalabalge council. I was held in captivity for three years at Chikungudu. Within the period, I have killed about 13 people in separate locations.

“First was at Chikungudu, where we were held hostage by Boko Haram. Whenever the insurgents returned from a mission, they would line up their hostages before us and ask us to kill them. They forced us to kill innocent people.

“They said they were testing us. The first time I killed, I killed five people. They told me, ‘Ali, you will kill five people today.’ I initially declined but when they threatened to kill me, I had no option but to kill the five people they brought before me. They later came with three other people and forced me to kill them.

“The second time I killed people was at a village called Burssari. While we were there, they brought another set of five people and asked me to kill them and instantly I did. I had no choice because they threatened to kill me if I didn’t kill them. Then we went back to Chikungudu where they held us. They also went to a town and came back with some people and told other victims like me to kill them which they did,” revealed Mustapha.

The 17-year-old was trained to couple and dismantle AK 47 rifles. “More than 500 children of my age, including younger ones, were conscripted as child soldiers in Chukungudu Forest in Kalabalge. Even kids younger than I am were trained to handle and shoot AK 47 rifles in the forest. There were girls too, who were trained to go on suicide bombing missions,” he said.

‘Children of pagans’

“Although they gave us some inscription written in Arabic to drink, I declined and threw mine away. We sometimes declined to do what they wanted us to do, so they nicknamed us children of pagans and spat on us and refused to give us food.

“At Chikungudu in Kalabalge. Our leader is Umar from Mamman Nur’s faction of Boko Haram. I have never seen him but they usually sent people to greet him and they always told us about how powerful he is.

“My father’s name is Mustapha and my mother’s name is Ya’zara. The last time I saw them was at Marte, when Boko Haram stormed our town and took us away,” said Ali.

Mustapha arrived in Maiduguri in company of two younger child soldiers, Muhammad and Ba’ana. While his beats were Baga Road, Monday Market and Custom Market, he did not know his accomplices’ beats in Maiduguri. He was arrested at the Bakassi IDP camp after refugees in the camp identified him as a member of Boko Haram. The 17-year-old’s parents were identified as IDPs taking refuge in the camp.

Abducted, forcibly conscripted from Cameroon

Muhammed Abubakar, 31, had a wife in Cameroon, Fatima, and a two-year old son, Hadji Muhammed. Two years ago, Abubakar was abducted in common hours, while he laboured to fend for his family. Life was hard but bearable for the 31-year-old until the rampaging hordes of Boko Haram struck his community on the outskirts of Cameroon. Abubakar was whisked to Sambisa Forest where he was forcibly recruited as soldier by Boko Haram. He lived in Sambisa for two years. During those years, he tried to escape thrice. At his third try, Boko Haram commanders lost patience with him. Thus they amputated his left leg and right hand. Then they set him free.

                                                                                                       Abubakar

“Fool, you can escape now. You are of no use to us or anyone now,” they taunted him. Abubakar bled and writhed in his own blood for three days. It was a miracle that he lived. He was given no analgesic neither was he accorded the luxury of first aid treatment of his wounds. Thus at the risk of contracting life-threatening diseases, he clung desperately to life hoping for a miracle.

Abubakar’s limbs were amputated for trying to escape from Boko Haram’s terror camp

That miracle came in the form of a rescue by the Nigeria Army. The latter freed Abubakar during a decisive onslaught against his captors in Sambisa Forest. Boko Haram was dislodged from the forest and Abubakar and thousands of the terrorist group’s captives were liberated.

Use of hard drugs, hypnosis

The Nation findings revealed that the terrorist group plies its foot soldiers, underage kids in particular, with intoxicants and hard drugs. For instance, David revealed that he binged on Tramol (A variant of Tramadol) as stimulant and analgesic before and after his missions. Further investigations revealed that the terrorist sect’s leadership plies members, underage kids in particular, with LSD, cannabis, codeine, tramadol and other hard drugs, to stimulate them to commit grievous crimes they would otherwise avoid.

Members of the group, in an exclusive chat with The Nation, revealed that they had to take such narcotics to incite the ‘courage’ by which they perpetrated grisly killings and sexual abuse of their victims.

Recently, the Nigerian Army intercepted supplies of cannabis, condoms and sex-enhancing drugs that were headed for Boko Haram camps. Troops of the 3 Division of the Nigeria Army intercepted and arrested suppliers of the hard drugs and other stimulants between Depchi and Geidam, Geidam Local Government Area in northern part of Yobe State. The suppliers were allegedly found in possession of Cannabis, Tramol(Tramadol), Chlorofone substance (aka Madaran suck and die) as well as fuel.

The Nigeria Army’s ‘de-radicalisation’ approach

The Nigeria Army recently initiated a de-radicalisation and rehabilitation programme for ex-members of Boko Haram in its custody. “Contrary to claims by Amnesty International and other non-governmental organisations (NGOs) that we are killing them off like cattle, we aren’t. We have a comprehensive programme in place to de-radicalise them. Many of them are underage boys and girls who were abducted and forcibly conscripted by Boko Haram. We found out that they committed most atrocities under duress, oftentimes at the risk of being slaughtered by their captors,” said General Lucky “Leo” Irabor, Nigeria Army Theatre Commander, Operation Lafiya Dole, northeast zone.

While Irabor expressed confidence in the military’s rehabilitation programme, he stressed that the Nigeria Army continues to adjust how the detainees and participants are counselled, re-orientated, educated, monitored, and reintegrated into society.

 We’ve had some organisations with interest in human rights issues make allegations against the military. Those allegations are so untrue; untrue because they are mere allusions. They did not in anyway come to us for verification. They didn’t confront us with the issues before they went to the press. When you talk about human rights abuses in a detention facility, the question to ask is: what are those human rights abuses? The detainees themselves know and speak to the fact that the treatment we give to them in the detention facilities is the kind of treatment they never envisaged. They never thought that they would be well fed or that there will be a kind of medical treatment for them.

There is the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC), we give them unfettered access to the detention facility. Well of course, you could say there is congestion. Again, congestion in my view is also relative. Once you are in a solitary confinement; of course, there will be issues. In our state-run prisons, there are issues. It cannot be the same as living in your own house.

We are a professional force. We set out for our operations guided by rules. We do not set out to make life unbearable for anyone. Not even in the frontlines let alone in the detention facilities. In fact, if we had it in mind to make life unbearable for them, why didn’t we eliminate them at the point of capture? That we didn’t do that, speaks to the fact that we are bound by laws that govern operations generally: the international humanitarian law and the international human rights law. And of course our code of conduct and rules of engagement compels us to do what is right.We have those who come to monitor all that we do, within the military. The idea is to ensure that we do what is right.

Allegations of child abuse

Some have also accused us of keeping children but the children. The only set of children we have are the children of some of the detainees that refuse to let us transfer the children to appropriate facilities for children, like the facility set up by the Borno state government for such children. The others are those children that have also taken part in war. Some of them…a boy of 10, 12, 13, if you know what they have done in terms of killing and what they’ve gone through by way of training and operation of weapons, you will be shocked.

But of course, it will be improper of us to see such a boy of such age and say he is a child and take let him go. No. We have to keep him to change his orientation. And our deradicalisation process of course have yielded results.

In sum, I will say that the allegations that a good number of people and some international organisations, especially the Amnesty International (AI) have leveled against us are untrue and very unfair with respect to the operations and the detention of some of the detainees. What is on ground is very different from the picture they paint.

We also have the National Human Rights Commission (NHRC) that has engaged us in respect of similar issues and they have not in any way faulted what’ve done. The ICRC like I said, has engaged us at various times and they have commended us in respect of those issues concerning how we treat those in our detention facilities.

There is no system that is perfect. We are always open for engagement, particularly with those with interests that are positive in orientation, not with those who believe that nothing good can come out of the Nigerian military.

Deradicalising Boko Haram

It’s been quite challenging no doubt but of course, it’s been very successful thus far; because we have brought our ingenuity into the operations. We have been able to evolve and answer the necessary questions: What is it that has motivated them to stay so long in this fight? And what is it that if we take out, it could make them surrender?

The aggregate of all these is that we have evolved a progressive approach to dealing with arrested members of Boko Haram. When they come to our detention facilities…not only do we address their medical needs, at the point we receive them, some of them appear so emaciated. They appear to have been starved of food. They appear very sick. Not only do we address those immediate needs, we also go as far as ensuring that their immediate hygiene requirements are met. Then we provide them clothing and change the rags in which they arrive.

Then we have evolved a humane process of interrogating them. It laid the foundation for properly interrogating them. And a large percentage of them have begun to open up and have a different impression as to the falsehood they were fed with whilst in the bush. They confessed to us that they were made to believe in the bush is that as soon as they come out, we would kill them but surprisingly to them, we are keeping them alive. We also treat them humanely and even provide them medicines and food.

We allow the ICRC to visit our detention facilities from time to time because of their pedigree. And then they also talk to the inmates. Then they talk to us and highlight areas they would like us to address. In following visits, they try to ascertain if we have addressed issues they raised in their previous visits; and to a fair extent, they see that we do and they have commended us for the progressive improvements in the treatment of the inmates and the facility itself.

Due to our humane interrogation approach and deradicalisation programme, the inmates have been coming forward with very useful information which has helped a great deal in our operations.

Those in the bush are finally getting to know that they stand to benefit a great deal if they surrender peacefully or come to us. They know that we have in our custody, a great number of them that surrendered and those that we also arrested.

A great deal of reformation has taken place in the lives of some of them to the extent that, they have volunteered to speak to their colleagues that are still in the bush with Boko Haram. They are eager to counsel their colleagues to lay down arms and surrender using themselves as examples. They want them to see that reality is different from what they have been made to believe by their captors and colleagues in the bush.

The onset of change

As the deradicalisation process progresses, sometimes, you are forced to wonder, are these the same fellows that were responsible for the kind of carnage attributed to them? Many of them have become so remorseful. If not for their