[Friday Sermon] Speak Good Or Remain Silent By Imam Murtadha Gusau

In the name of Allah, the Most Beneficent, the Most Merciful

All thanks and praise is due to Allah, we seek His help and forgiveness. We seek refuge in Allah from the evil within ourselves and the consequences of our evil deeds.

Whoever Allah guides will never be led astray, and whoever Allah leads astray will never find guidance. I bear witness that there is no god but Allah, He is alone without any partners, and I bear witness that Muhammad is His servant and His Messenger.

“O you who have believed, fear Allah as He should be feared and do not die except as Muslims in submission to Him.” (3:102)

“O mankind, fear your Lord, who created you from one soul and created from it its mate and dispersed from both of them many men and women. And fear Allah, through whom you ask one another, and the wombs. Verily, Allah is ever watching over you.” [4:1]

“O you who have believed, fear Allah and speak words of appropriate justice. He will then amend for you your deeds and forgive your sins, and whoever obeys Allah and His Messenger has certainly attained a great attainment .” [33:70 – 71]

Verily, the most truthful speech is the Book of Allah, the best guidance is the guidance of Muhammad, and the worst affairs are newly invented matters (in religion). Every newly invented matter is a religious innovation, and every religious innovation is misguidance, and every misguidance is in the Hellfire.

To proceed:

Brothers and Sisters! The topic for my today’s Khutbah (Sermon), will Inshaa Allah, be about the importance of guarding our tongues.

Servants of Allah! If care is not taking, our tongues are weapons of mass destruction (WMD): They destroy so many things! They destroy our good deeds, they destroy our Iman, they destroy our peaceful living, they destroy our politics, they destroy our community, they destroy our brotherhood, they destroy our family relationships, they destroy people’s reputations, they destroy people’s honour, dignity, self-respect etc. Our tongues destroy people. And also know that the First Person we destroy with our tongues is ourselves!

Allah the Most High said in Surah Infitar, 80:12

“But verily, over you are appointed angels to watch over you. Kind and honourable, writing down your deeds. They know all that you do.”

And Allah the Almighty said in Surah Qaf, 50:18

“Not a word does he (or she) utter, but there is a watcher by him ready (to record it).”

And his companion (angel) will say: “Here is (his record) ready with me!”

And Allah the Most High said in Surah Al Ahzab (The Confederates), 33:70-71

“O you who believe! Have Taqwa of Allah and speak (always) the truth (a straight forward word, a right word, a just word).”

In this Qur’anic verse, Allah is warning us to fear Him as He should be feared and then He tells us to always speak a straight forward word.

Brothers and Sisters! We need to be mindful of the things that come out of our mouths because we are going to be questioned about these things.

Abu Hurairah (RA) reported: The Prophet (Peace be upon him) said:

“He who believes in Allah and the Last Day must either speak good or remain silent.” [Muslim]

Imam Ibn Qayyim Al-Jawziyyah said:

“Every gulp of air, that goes out in a cause other than the cause of Allah (SWT) will turn to sorrow and regret on the Day of Judgement.”

Servants of Allah! It’s easy to open our mouths and say whatever comes to mind. But how hard is it for us to keep our mouths shut? To keep our bad words to ourselves?

We use our tongues to say bad words. We use our tongues to put people down. We use our tongues to backbite people, to dishonour them. We use our tongues to remind people of the favours that we’ve done for them. We use our tongues to undo the good that we may have done.

How many times have we opened our mouths and let something out, and then wished we could take it back, wish we could undo the harm that we had done with our tongues.

It only takes a few seconds to undo with our tongues what may have taken years to build up.

Once something comes out, it can’t be undone. At best all we can do is to try to do some damage control. At best all we can do is apologize, but we can’t undo it.

Imam At-Tirmidhi has recorded that:

“I said: “O Messenger of Allah! Inform me about a matter that I may hold fast to. He said: ‘Say: My Lord is Allah, then be steadfast. I said: “O Messenger of Allah! What do you fear most for me?” So he took hold of his tongue and said: ‘This.’”

Brothers and sisters! Our tongues are our destroyers! They destroy our good deeds and our good works.

How many of us can think back to something that we may have said that caused harm. And years later when we think about it, we still feel bad about it, we still feel the regret, wishing we could take back our words? The pain stays, the memories stay fresh. The bad effects of our words linger on, years after they come out of our mouths.

It is reported that a man saw Ibn Abbas (RA) holding the tip of his tongue saying:

“Woe to you, say what is good and you will reap gain, and be silent from speaking evil and you will be safe.” The man asked him, ‘O Ibn Abbas, what is the matter that I see you holding the tip of your tongue saying such and such?’ He replied; “It has reached me that the servant of Allah will not be as angry at anything on the Day of Resurrection, as he will be at his tongue.”

Umar ibn Khattab (RA) once entered upon Abu Bakr (RA) and found him pulling at his tongue. He said:

“Oh, what are you doing?” Abu Bakr replied, “It is this (his speech) that has brought me so much trouble.”

Imam Al Hasan al Basri (Rahimahullah) said:

“The intelligent person’s tongue is behind his heart; when he wants to speak, he first thinks. If his words will be in his favour, he says them, and if they will be against him, he does not speak. And the ignorant person’s heart is behind his tongue; when he merely thinks of saying something, he says it, whether it is for him, or against him.”

Allah gave us two gates, checks, locks…our lips and our teeth. He has given us a chance to stop ourselves before we open our mouths to let something out. How many of us could use a third lock?

Imam Ash-Shafi’i (Rahimahullah) said:

“Be aware of your tongue, it’s dangerous! It’s like a snake, and so many people have been killed by their tongues.”

Brothers and sisters! Guarding our tongues is a hard thing to do, and it’s part of our test.

Narrated Sahl bin Sa’ad: Allah’s Messenger (Peace be upon him) said:

“Whoever can guarantee (the chastity of) what is between his two jaw-bones and what is between his two legs (i.e. his tongue and his private parts), I guarantee Paradise for him.” [Al-Bukhari]

Brothers and Sisters! Without a doubt, it’s a hard thing to do, and so we should ask Allah, over and over again to help us with this fitnah. And with Allah lies all strength and success.

Abu Hurairah narrated that the Messenger of Allah was asked about that for which people are admitted into Paradise the most, so he said: “Taqwa of Allah, and good character. And he was asked about that for which people are admitted into the Fire the most, and he said:” The mouth and the private parts.” [At-Tirmidhi]

Brothers and Sisters! Be mindful of the things that come out of your mouths because the things you say today, will be waiting for you on the Day of Judgement. And when you stand before Allah, you will have to answer for these words. And this is why the Prophet (Peace be upon him) advised us by saying that he who keeps silent, keeps safe.

My Dear and Respected Brothers and Sisters in Islam! We need to work hard to guard our tongues because by guarding our tongues, we are helping to ward off the Hellfire from us.

“… a slave (of Allah) may utter a word (carelessly) which displeases Allah without thinking of its gravity and because of that he will be thrown into the HellFire.” [Al-Bukhari]

Allah the Almighty said in Surah Hujurat (the Dwellings), 49:12

“And do not backbite one another. Would one of you like to eat the flesh of his dead brother? You would hate it (so hate backbiting). And fear Allah. Verily, Allah is the One who forgives and accepts repentance, Most Merciful.”

Narrated Abu Musa:

“Some people asked Allah’s Messenger (Peace be upon him), “Whose Islam is the best? i.e. (Who is a very good Muslim)?” He replied, “One who avoids harming the Muslims with his tongue and hands.” [Al-Bukhari and Muslim]

“All of the Muslim is sacred to the Muslim, his wealth, honour and his blood. It is evil enough for someone to belittle his Muslim brother.” [Abu Dawud]

Brothers and Sisters! Don’t backbite one another. Don’t talk about your brothers and sisters, unless it’s in something good.

And the definition of backbiting has been explained in a Hadith collected by Abu Dawud that Abu Hurairah said:

“It was asked, ‘O Allah’s Messenger! What is backbiting’ He said: “Mentioning about your brother in a manner that he dislikes.” He was asked, ‘What if my brother was as I mentioned’ He said: “If he was as you mentioned, you will have committed backbiting. But if he was not as you say about him, you will have falsely accused him (slandered him).”

Backbiting was sternly warned against, and this is why Allah the Exalted and Most Blessed compared it to eating the flesh of a dead human being.

Brothers and Sisters in Islam! Be careful of what comes out of our mouths!

Amr ibn Al-As (RA) said:

“Words are like medicine, little is enough and too much destroys you.”

Brothers and Sisters! Guard your tongues, and measure your words. Think before we open our mouths and don’t backbite one another. And I know that it’s a hard thing to resist, but bite your tongues if you have to, because on the Day of Judgement, you’ll be wishing that you had.

Abu Said Al Khudri said: The Prophet (Peace be upon him) said:

“When the son of Adam gets up in the morning, all the limbs humble themselves before the tongue and say: ‘Fear Allah for our sake because we are with you: (i.e., we will be rewarded or punished as a result of what you do) if you are straight, we will be straight; and if you are crooked, we will be crooked.” [At-Tirmidhi]

Subhanallah! Brothers and Sisters!! Think about this for a moment. Prophet Muhammad (Peace be upon him) is telling us that our own bodies are afraid for us for what our tongues may do. They warn our tongues to fear Allah, and they seek refuge from the evil that they may send forward.

So my Dear and Respected Brothers and Sisters in Islam! I encourage us all to guard our tongues, and fear the day when we will be called to account for the things that we have said.

I ask Allah to help us to benefit from what we have heard here today.
And to help us to guard our tongues.

And I ask Allah to turn to us with Forgiveness and Mercy on the day that we meet Him, and to exchange our places in Hellfire, for places in Jannah. Ameen.

Servants of Allah! Know that the tongue is one of the greatest blessings of Allah, it is small but does great deeds and great damage in the same time. Through the tongue, true faith unfolds and infidelity emerges, its extent is endless like a vast arena. The interpreter of Hearts and Thoughts, machine of speech and statement, the good it made carved on the tablets of time and the evil it caused echoes through the eras. Whomever employs it wisely and for the sake of useful utterance, commencing his affairs, restraining it with religious bond and placing it where it belongs is worthy of salvation. Whoever liberates it, not monitoring what it utters, the devil will be his guide misleading him in different paths. People stumble in Hellfire due to their tongues’s yields. Moreover, all the human body parts affected by the tongue through its straightness or its straying as confirmed by the words of the Prophet (Peace be upon him):

“When the son of Adam (any human) rises in the morning his body parts calls out to the tongue saying “Fear Allah in us, for we are affected by your utterance, if you go steadfast so do we, but if you go astray so do we.” [At-Tirmidhi]

Brothers and Sisters! Islam gave an attentive care to the manner of speech and the way it functions, as the word coming out indicates an individual’s level of intellect and manners. The level of conversation judges its general standard and the extent that good virtues fuse in it’s environment.

A person must ask himself before preaching to others, is there any purpose of talking? If there is any sound reason to talk then be it, if not then silence is preferable where it’s not necessary, thus he will be rewarded heavily performing a pleasant worship.

Abdullah Ibn Mas’ud said:

“In the name of Allah the only Creator, nothing is most deserving of imprisonment than a tongue.”

Ibn Abbas May Allah be pleased with him said:

“Five matters that outweighs owning black stallions:

1 – Do not speak on matters that don’t concern you, its trivial for you and I am afraid that you would sin because of it.

2 – Do not interact in a topic that concerns you unless there is meaning and effect to what you are going to say, you might be of concern but there is no effect to what you are saying thus subjected to criticism.

3 – Do not quarrel a man of patience or a foolish man, the patient would hate you, and the foolish would harm you.

4 – Mention your brother in a manner you would like to be mentioned, and forgive him from what you would like to be forgiven.

5 – Act upon things knowing you will be rewarded for a kind act and held accountable for bad deeds.”

Servants of Allah! A Muslim cannot accomplish the five aforementioned qualities unless he restrains his tongue and leads it firmly curbing it where silence needed, and seizing for fruitful speech. As for who are led by their tongues they are lead astray.

A Hadith worthy of contemplating narrated in the two Sahih books by Abu Hurairah May Allah be pleased with him that the prophet said:

“The servant of Allah would utter a word that pleases Allah, not knowing it would, Allah would elevate his rank for it. A servant (another) of Allah would utter a word that would discontent Him while not noticing it would, it will lead him to fall deep in Hell.” [Al-Bukhari]

This is great advice from the Prophet (Peace be upon him):

“… O Muadh halt this and he held his tongue then continued saying that why people stumble on their nose in Hellfire due to their tongue’s yield. [At-Tirmidhi]

My Respected people! As a result of the severity and magnitude of this issue, the companions may Allah be pleased with them have set the best examples in restraining one’s tongue.

Words are your captive, unless it departs the mouth you would be their captive. Allah almighty said:

“Man does not utter any word except that with him is an observer prepared (to record).” [Qaf, 50:18]

So if you wanted to know what lies in the hearts of beings, deduce it from the movement of the tongue (what it utters), it will tell you what lies in a person’s heart whether he displayed or concealed it.

The sin of uttering could contain Shirk (Polytheism), and it’s one of the greatest sins to Allah Almighty. Such as talking about Allah without knowledge, this is the KIN of Shirk. Therefore the tongue is like a dagger with two blades, for the wise it is an instrument of Good and kindness, a ferry of salvation and success. To the snobby fool person it is a malicious scorpion, sticking to the flesh of a prey wickedly stinging it.

From the Lesions of the Tongue are the following:

1 – Seeking Deity with Allah (Shirk)

The knowledgeable Imam Ibn Hajar says:

“The sin of uttering could contain Shirk (Polytheism), it’s one of the greatest sins to Allah Almighty. speaking on Allah’s account with no knowledge.”

2 – Talking about Allah without knowledge

Talking about Allah without knowledge is one of heaviest sins, rather its greater than Shirk as stated by Imam Ibn Qayyim may Allah have mercy on him:

“It is so because it’s the reason behind shirk, this specific reason behind is speaking on Allah’s account without knowledge.”

3 – Slander

Its citing other’s flaws, referring to his brother with bad qualities whether he carried it or not, that’s how our beloved Prophet Muhammad (Peace be upon him) recited the revelation of Allah:

“And do not spy or backbite each other. Would one of you like to eat the flesh of his brother when dead? You would detest it.” [Al-Hujurat, 49:12]

Slandering is of three types:

Gheebah (Backbiting): If what you said about your brother is true behind his back.

Ifk (falsehood): Transmitting backbiting made about your brother behind his back.

Buhtan (Defamation): Mentioning false features about your brother.

These are the categories of slandering, categorized by Islamic scholars, any statement that is meant to dispraise either by words, gestures, a wink, signal or writing is a slander.

4 – Lying

In a hadith reported by Al-Bukhari, the Prophet (Peace be upon him) mentioned what he saw from the torments of the people of Hellfire:

“As for the one whose cheek you saw being torn away, he was a liar and he used to tell lies, and the people would report those lies on his authority till they spread all over the world. So, he will be punished like that till the Day of Resurrection.”

He also said:

“Never lie, for lying leads to lewdness, and lewdness leads to Hell. A man continues lying and seeking falsehood he will labeled by Allah as a liar.” [Muslim]

5 – Defamation of character

Allah almighty said:

“And those who accuse chaste women and then do not produce four witnesses – lash them with eighty lashes and do not accept from them testimony ever after. And those are the defiantly disobedient.” [Al-Nur, 24:4]

This type of Lesion is almost practiced by everyone except who is fortunate by the will of Allah as the most fall in the trap. Defamation of the believers by their chaste, their religion, or accusing them with false claims are heavy sins and considered as a Major Sin (Al kaba’ir).

6 – Perjury

Allah Almighty said praising one of his servants:

“And [they are] those who do not testify to falsehood, and when they pass near ill speech, they pass by with dignity.” [Al-Furqan, 25:72]

Allah Almighty also said:

“And do not conceal testimony, for whoever conceals it – his heart is indeed sinful, and Allah is Knowing of what you do.” [Al-Baqara, 2:283]

7 – Insult, cursing and ridiculing the people

Allah Almighty said:

“O you who have believed, let not a people ridicule [another] people; perhaps they may be better than them; nor let women ridicule [other] women; perhaps they may be better than them. And do not insult one another and do not call each other by [offensive] nicknames. Wretched is the name of disobedience after [one’s] faith. And whoever does not repent – then it is those who are the wrongdoers.” [Al-Hujurat: 11]

8 – Making an Oath in the name of other than Allah

Swearing with things other than Allah like trust, integrity, oneself, father, children, honour, tribe, king, town, life or the Prophet’s life. He (Peace be upon him) said:

“Who swore with something other than Allah has committed shirk.” [Authenticated by Al-Albani]

He Also said:

“Who is about to make a swear, let it be in the name of Allah or hold silent.” [Authenticated by Al-Albani]

9 – Falsehood and holding the truth

Imam Ibn Qayyim may Allah have mercy on him said:

“There are two big lesions of the tongue that if one is avoided the other won’t miss you, the lesion of speaking and the lesion of silence, both could be greater in sin than the other in its timing. Holding back the truth, not saying it, this person considered a dumb devil, disobedient to Allah, hypocrite bootlicker not fearing that it would affect him. Who utters falsehood is a speaking devil that disobeys Allah. Most people are deviant in their speech and silence, so they are swinging between these two lesions. People of the middle path are the people of the righteous path, keeping silent from falsehood and spoke with what would benefit them in the Hereafter.”

10 – Cursing

Narated Abu Al-Darda’ May Allah be pleased with him, that the Messenger of Allah said:

“Cursers are expelled giving intercession or being Martyrs in the day of resurrection.” [Muslim]

Narated by Aby Al-Darda’ May Allah be pleased with him, that the Messenger of Allah said:

“If the slave (worshiper of Allah) curses something, this curse rises to the heavens (skies) to find the doors of the heavens closed in its way, then it descends to earth to find its door also closed, roaming to the right and the left not finding a place to settle it will settle to the person cursed if he is worthy of it, if not then it will return to the person who uttered it.” [Abu Dawud]

* Jokes

Brothers and Sisters! A type of lying, widespread amongst people nowadays, it’s Joking. Where a person makes up a story with no root in real life, mocking other nationalities, tribes, race, lineage and countries all for the sake of making people laugh while it is not true. This is impermissible because it consisted of slander and lying for all the aforementioned individuals in these jokes.

Its doer threatened by the words of the Prophet:

“Woe (Al Wayl) to whom tells false stories to folks to make them laugh, woe to him woe to him.” [At-Tirmidhi]

Al Wayl; is a valley in Hell.

* Accustom yourself to pleasant speech

It is very pleasant to accustom one’s tongue to tender speech, thus whenever he speaks he only utters good. The pleasant and pure words respected by friends and foes and have good impact on people. With friends, it maintains intimacy and strengthens the bonds of friendship and a safeguard against the traps of the devil trying to plant hatred amongst them. Allah Almighty said:

“And tell My servants to say that which is best. Indeed, Satan induces [dissension] among them. Indeed Satan is ever, to mankind, a clear enemy.” [Al-Isra’, 17:53]

Tender speech with enemies calms down their dispute and breaks their sharp attitude or halts the evil and its development. Allah Almighty said:

“And not equal are the good deed and the bad. Repel [evil] by that [deed] which is better; and thereupon the one whom between you and him is enmity [will become] as though he was a devoted friend.” [Fusilat, 41:34]

* Beware of staining the Scholars with mischief

One of the most dangerous mischief widely spread these days, even amongst the people labeled as pious, misfortunate chitchat that results in slandering the people of knowledge (Ulama’). Leading to a greater drawback, slitting confidence in the people of knowledge and causing repulsive environment between the knowledgeable brothers and Du’aat (Islamic preachers) to Allah almighty. All this is a result of carrying news and talks without awareness or verification.

Brothers and Sisters! We have to know that behind every word uttered a responsibility lies beneath, thus acknowledging the effect and realize how to deal with it. Many a time a tiny improper word, that could lead to cutting ties. Many a time a harsh word said breaking up a whole family. Many a time a misleading word that leads whom utters it out of the folds of Islam. We Ask Allah refuge from that.

On the other hand, many a time a tender word said saving a life. Many a time a pleasant word said that would help hold family ties. Many A time a sincere word said leads who utter it to paradise. We ask Allah to make us be amongst the dwellers of paradise.

For the importance of the word and its effect, the Messenger of Allah said:

“Whoever believes in Allah and hereafter must utter good or hold his tongue.” [Agreed upon]

If people put this Hadith in context and cleared their intention in accordance with it, they would overcome a number of tragedies. In more than an occasion a rude not thought of word could spoil the intimacy between people, penetrating like a poisoned arrow, separating what was united and spoil the good.

* A Moment with the kind Sheikh

The kind Sheikh Ibn Baz May Allah have mercy on him said:

“Mentioning a person’s good qualities is not considered as slandering, like saying he is kind, good and maintains his prayers. This example is not slandering, slandering is mentioning your brother with things he would hate, like what the Prophet said: “Slandering is citing your brother with what he would hate.” [Authenticated by Al-Albani] The following is considered as slandering; stingy, coward, dirty tongue and of the kind; anything that he would dislike to be referred as. If a person slanders his brother, it’s his duty to go to him apologizing and say, “forgive me may Allah reward you, I spoke evil of you…”. However, if he feels that there would be a draw back in such step it’s better not go forth telling him, instead he could Ask forgiveness of Allah and supplicate for him. Moreover, mentions his good qualities in the same places he slandered him, this would be sufficient and praise Allah for it. If he is mocking something with his tongue, then he is labeled as a mocker and if he mocks the religion then he is turned infidel even if no one witnessed that, he must repent to Allah and return to righteousness. Whoever turns back to Allah and repents Allah will forgive him.”

I ask Allah to assist us in living by the Quran and Sunnah. I pray He lets us recognise the truth for what it is and helps us to follow it, and that He lets us see falsehood for what it is and helps us to avoid it.

O Allah! Guide us and protect us from the causes of ignorance and destruction! Save us from the defects of ourselves! Cause the last of our deeds to be the best and most righteous! And forgive all of us. Ameen Yaa Rabb!

My respected people! Anything good I have said in my today’s Khutbah (Sermon) is from Allah the Almighty, and any mistakes are my own and we seek refuge in Allah from giving wrong advice and from all forms of calamities and fitnah. And I ask Allah’s forgiveness if I stepped beyond bounds in anything I said or I do.

May Allah be praised; and may the peace and blessings of Allah be upon His Messenger Muhammad and upon his family and Companions.

With this I conclude my Khutbah (Sermon) and ask Allah, the Almighty and the Sublime, to forgive all of our sins. So seek his forgiveness, He is all forgiving and Most Merciful.

This Jumu’ah Khutbah (Friday Sermon) was prepared for delivery today, Friday, Muharram 22, 1439 AH (October 13, 2017), by Imam Murtadha Muhammad Gusau, the Chief Imam of Nagazi-Uvete Jumu’ah and late Alhaji Abdurrahman Okene’s Mosques, Okene Kogi State, Nigeria. He can be reached via: +2348038289761.

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[Friday Sermon] Two Traits Cannot Exist In A Believer, Stinginess And Low Ethics By Imam Murtadha Gusau

In the Name of Allah, the Most Gracious and the Bestower of Mercy

All thanks and praise is due to Allah, we seek His help and forgiveness. We seek refuge in Allah from the evil within ourselves and the consequences of our evil deeds.

Whoever Allah guides will never be led astray, and whoever Allah leads astray will never find guidance. I bear witness there is no God but Allah, alone without any partners, and I bear witness that Muhammad is His servant and His Messenger.

“O you who have believed, fear Allah as He should be feared and do not die except as Muslims in submission to Him.” [3:102]

“O mankind, fear your Lord, who created you from one soul and created from it its mate and dispersed from both of them many men and women. And fear Allah, through whom you ask one another, and the wombs. Verily, Allah is ever watching over you.” [4:1]

“O you who have believed, fear Allah and speak words of appropriate justice. He will then amend for you your deeds and forgive your sins, and whoever obeys Allah and His Messenger has certainly attained a great attainment.” [33: 70-71]

Verily, the most truthful speech is the Book of Allah, the best guidance is the guidance of Muhammad, and the worst affairs are newly invented matters (in religion). Every newly invented matter is a religious innovation, and every religious innovation is misguidance, and every misguidance is in the Hellfire.

To proceed:

Servants of Allah! In today’s Sermon, I’m going to try to explain stinginess and characteristics of stinginess rather than stingy people.

Brothers and Sisters! Literally, the word “stingy” means “miserly, who does not want to spend his money whatsoever, mean, parsimonious. It is expressed with the words “Bukhl” and “Shuh” in the Quran and Sunnah generally. A stingy person is called “Bakhil.” A Bakhil likes keeping his money and gives it only when he is asked.

The opposite of stinginess is generousness. A generous person gives money without being asked first and likes giving it. As a term, stinginess means “Refraining from spending something which is supposed to be spent and refraining from giving freely to someone else because of excessive love for money and property.”

According to Imam Ghazali, stinginess is to keep property or money endowed upon one by Allah, refraining from spending it on the reason of creation; wastefulness is using something for a reason except the reason of creation, and it is generousness to use and spend something in accordance with the reason of creation.

The word “Bukhl” is used in three verses related to stinginess and verbs derived from this word are used in other nine verses in the Quran. Also, the word “Shuh” is used in three verses and the word“Ashihhah” which means stinginess is used in one verse. We also see that words like “Qatr” and “Man” are used in some verses to mean stinginess in the Quran. The word “Qatur” means “stingy, mean” in English. It is used in the Quran as the opposite of wastefulness which means spending everything wastefully. And the word “Man” is used in verb form as “Yamna’una” in a verse, as “Man’u” in another and as “Manna” in two other verses.

About the situation of unbelievers who deny the truth, the Quran generally says:

“Those who (want but) to be seen (of men), but refuse (to supply) (even) neighbourly needs.” [al-Ma’un, 107:6 -7]

That is to say; in addition to being very stingy, they prevent others from giving freely too. Now, I would like to analyze the notion of stinginess in the light of the Quranic verses here:

Brothers and Sisters! Stinginess means saving money and property and not using them to help others. Stinginess, in the Quran, means saving property and money endowed upon one by Allah and not using them for help as Allah orders us to.

“Woe to every (kind of) scandal-monger and backbiter, who piled up wealth and lay it by.” [al-Humazah, 104:1-2]

“And there are those who bury gold and silver and spend it not in the way of Allah; announce unto them a most grievous penalty.” [at-Tawbah, 9:34]

Servants of Allah! One of the main essentials of the Quran is justice. Money, gold and silver are not supposed to be saved and piled up but to be delivered to the public and used. If these assets circulate amongst people they are beneficial. If these assets are kept by certain people, only a few people can benefit from them and a large part of the society is left poor and hungry. And this is against the justice of Allah. Everybody has got the right to benefit from boons created by Allah. The disease of stinginess one has got hinders available boons to be spent for the poor and needy.

“Truly man was created very impatient; fretful when evil touches him; and niggardly when good reaches him.” [al-Ma’arij, 70:19-21]

“Men’s souls are swayed by greed (They are inclined to be stingy by nature).” [an-Nisa, 4:128]

My good people! Allah the Glorious states in these verses that stinginess is a feeling that stems from one’s creation/nature and that this feeling was placed in their nature by Him. However, one should use this feeling in a positive way. If this feeling controls one’s all actions, it hinders him from doing good things. Stinginess was placed in human being’s nature in order to test them and for various reasons. One advances and develops by fighting against it. The religion of Islam emerged in order to earn a second nature.

Shaytan (Satan) directs people to stinginess by frightening them with poverty.

“The Evil One (Satan) threatens you with poverty and bids you to conduct unseemly. Allah promised you His forgiveness and bounties. And Allah cared for all and He knows all things.” [al-Baqarah, 2:268]

Charity and alms given freely from one’s property does not decrease the amount of the property, but makes it even more abundant and blessed because almsgiving purifies property from nonphysical dirtiness and makes it halal and clean. That pessimistic Shaytan (Satan), who has lost his hopes of Allah’s mercy, instills hopelessness in people secretly or illicitly, directs people to stinginess, to niggardliness by spreading around false and deceptive ideas and feelings. He encourages people to spend their money/property on evil, nonsensical things and sins. However, Allah guarantees people’s eternal happiness by forgiving their sins because of alms and charities they have given, and by endowing upon them thawabs (rewards) and benefits in return for their charity, both in the worldly life and in the otherworldly life.

A stingy person thinks that his property will make him eternal.

“He think that his wealth will render him immortal.” [al-Humazah, 104:3]

Brothers and Sisters! Man tries to save money ambitiously, due to his love for property. Moreover, he thinks that the money he has saved will give him the power to do anything he wants. Therefore, he never thinks of death, thinking that death will not come for him and he will stay alive forever because of his property. However, property, money and fortune are all temporary. When the time of death comes for him and when his soul leaves his body, all the property and money he has saved ambitiously so far will be left behind and if he did not use them on the way of Allah, he would not be able to save himself from the wrath of hellfire.

Dear Muslims! Stinginess is a selfish passion of the soul. This passion prevents one from spending his money freely on the way of Allah and prevents people from being purified. This feeling prevents people from using their assets on the way of Allah. Thus, if one cannot defeat this selfish feeling and stinginess in his lower self, it is impossible for him to purify his lower self because true salvation is possible when one purifies his soul from evil desires.

The following Quranic verse expresses this selfish feeling in people’s lower selves in a very astonishing way:

“Say (unto them): If you possessed the treasures of the mercy of my Lord, you would surely hold them back for fear of spending, for man was ever grudging.” [al-Isra, 17:100]

It is not stinginess to give freely as alms and charity from property which Allah has endowed on people. One who does not give alms and charity from their property is stingy.

And one who protects himself from selfish ambitions finds happiness and success. One can be a good and decent person only by spending bounties, which Allah endowed upon him, generously for others. Actually, Allah says:

“By no means shall you attain righteousness unless you give (freely) of that which you love; and whatever you give, of a truth Allah know it well.” [Ali Imran, 3:92]

My respected people! A greedy stingy person, who always wants to take and never to give, cannot be expected to be useful for others. One who is protected from lower self’s selfish passions has overcome this obstacle in front of the good and has begun to run towards the good and give abundantly from his property. This is what the true salvation is.

Characteristics of believers are mentioned in various places in the Quran. One of these characteristics of believers told in the Quran is that they are not stingy and that when they spend, they do it moderately. This is expressed in the 67th verse of Surah al-Furqan as follows:

“Those who, when they spend, are not extravagant and not niggardly, but hold a just (balance) between those (extremes).”

True believers should not be stingy. And wrath awaits those who are stingy and who bids others to be stingy. Allah the Glorious always warns human beings in different verses with different styles in order to protect people from this disease called stinginess.

“(Nor) those who are niggardly or enjoin niggardliness on others, or hide the bounties which Allah has bestowed on them; for We have prepared, for those who resist Faith, a punishment that steeps them in contempt.” [an-Nisa, 4:37]

“On the Day when heat will be produced out of that (wealth) in the fire of Hell, and with it will be branded their foreheads, their flanks, and their backs * This is the (treasure) which you buried for yourselves: taste you, then, the (treasures) you buried!”” [at-Tawbah, 9:35]

The Quran often suggests people to get rid of this selfish feeling and develop the feeling of generousness instead of it and do good deeds in every possibility.

“And let not those who covetously withhold of the gifts which Allah Has given them of His Grace, think that it is good for them: Nay, it will be the worse for them: soon shall the things which they covetously withheld be tied to their necks Like a twisted collar, on the Day of Judgment. To Allah belongs the heritage of the heavens and the earth; and Allah is well-acquainted with all that you do.” (Ali Imran, 3:180]

Brothers and Sisters! In this verse, Allah criticizes those who do not use their money for the sake of Allah, fearing that it will decrease, and states that it is wrong of them to think that this is good for them and that it is not good for them at all. All the property they have saved and have not spent for Allah will be hanged around their necks in the form of a fire-collar on the Day of Judgment. Allah the Supreme calls them to give up stinginess, by threatening them with this terrible wrath. Actually, man comes to this world, having nothing. Allah, with His great generousness, endows upon them property and enriches them. And eventually, when Allah wants them to help others with the property which He gave to them, they refuse to help, forgetting that it was all given to them by Allah, and claiming that they are the real owners of them. However, it is necessary to use not only the property, but also all kinds of boons such as abilities, skills and knowledge, which Allah endowed upon us helping the way of Allah.

They think that their property will decrease if they give alms and charity from them and that it is better for them to save their money instead of using it for helping others. However, it is bad for them to do so. One day they will depart from this world and all the money they have saved will be left behind. The true owner of all property is only Allah the Supreme. On the Day of Judgment, one will find with him only the property which he spent for helping others. That is what will be useful to him.

In fact, feelings which Allah the Glorious has placed in humankind’s disposition are not evil by themselves. What is evil is to make improper use of them. If the feeling of stinginess is used for not giving any from boons which Allah has endowed on one, with the passion for saving money for the worldly life, and thus hindering social aid, it is wrong and impropriety. Actually, Islam which prohibits wastefulness also prohibits stinginess. Allah the Glorious states:

“Who hoard their wealth and enjoin avarice on others, and hide that which Allah has bestowed upon them of His bounty. For disbelievers We prepare a shameful doom.” [an-Nisa, 4:37]

Fellow Muslims! Stingy people think that bounties which Allah has endowed generously are only for them and do not admit that poor people have got the right for a share from them. Those who do not know that property and treasures are means of testing direct others to be stingy too. Actually, this reality is expressed in the following verse as follows:

“Say (unto them): If you possessed the treasures of the mercy of my Lord, you would surely hold them back for fear of spending, for man was ever grudging.” [al-Isra, 17:100]

Those who have not failed to give the shares of the poor people from their property are blissful personalities. Allah’s bounties are different for every person.

“One should give alms from the bounties endowed upon him, as if he were a trustee and a servant.”

The Messenger of Allah (Peace be upon him) says:

“Refrain from stinginess because stinginess destroyed those who lived before you and tempted them to shed each other’s blood and to consider harams to be halal…” [Muslim]

Once, the Prophet said to his Companions:

“Shall I tell you the people of Hell?” The Companions said: “Yes, o the Messenger of Allah!” The Prophet said: “They are those who are rude, stingy and arrogant.” [Bukhari]

Stinginess is one of the roads that lead to the wrath of Hell. Therefore, believing people should seriously avoid stinginess. It is possible to categorize factors resulting in stinginess under two titles:

1- Excessive love for property holdings and ambition of saving money.

The leading reason of stinginess, which is one of the negative ways of human beings, is excessive love for property holdings and ambition of saving money because the desire for richness and ambition for saving money are present in humankind’s disposition. For this reason, they always work for this world and save money. As a matter of fact, the verse, which says:

“And lo! In the love of wealth he is violent.” [al-Adiyat, 100:8] points out to this aspect of the humankind.

As it is stated in this verse, there is so much love for richness and so much ambition for saving money in human being’s heart that they always care for themselves only. And they care about others so little or not at all. Even if they had everything in the world and even if the treasures of Allah’s mercy belonged to them, they would still hesitate to use them for helping others fearing that they would decrease in amount. In their narrow hearts do reasons form which enchain their hands with cuffs of stinginess.

As a matter of fact, the Prophet (Peace be upon him) puts into words humankind’s love and ambition for richness in a nice way and states that this love and ambition will end with death only, by saying:

“If humankind had two valleys full of property, he would desire for the third valley. Only earth (death and being buried) can satisfy him. Allah accepts the repentance of those who repent.” [Muslim]

Respected Believers! Islam explains to people that their excessive love for richness will lead them to their own destruction, in nice and persuasive ways. If one thinks of the end of property, he will understand that it is better for him to be generous. In fact, one has got no other possessions on the earth than what he eats up, he wears and what he spends for the sake of Allah and saves for his otherworldly life. It is really astonishing that one struggles with all his power for saving money and property which he will leave to his inheritors in the end and receives Allah’s wrath for this reason. The Messenger of Allah (Peace be upon him) explained this reality as follows:

One day, the Prophet asked:

“Which one of you loves his inheritor’s property more than his own?” The Companions answered: “O the Messenger of Allah! All of us love our own property more than those of our inheritors.” Upon this, the Messenger of Allah said: “The true property of one is what he has sacrificed for the sake of Allah all his life. And what he has saved and put aside instead of spending is the property of his inheritors.” [Bukhari]

2 – Greed and thinking of children’s future: There is a feeling in the humankind’s disposition as if they would live forever. However, man is mortal. As it is impossible for them to live forever, they try to satisfy this feeling by having children who will continue their lineage. This is one of the reasons of sexual intercourse. Parents having children prefer to save their property to spending them, with the aim of providing their children with enough livelihood and a nice future. Therefore, they behave stingily.

Saving the bounties stingily which Allah has endowed upon us rather than spending them means turning those bounties that are for us to against us. Hawlah Bint Hakim reports:

“One day, the Messenger of Allah hugged one of his grandchildren and said: “You are those for the sake of whom stinginess, frightfulness and ignorance exist. You are one of the nice bounties that Allah has endowed upon people.”

If one’s children cause one to be frightful, stingy and heedless, he is doubtlessly disappointed. And whoever respects the law of the Lord and the rights of His servants above all, he is saved. Actually, being stingy in order to realize domestic rights and piling up possessions does not prevent poverty; it does not guarantee richness, either. It is nice that a Muslim thinks of meeting the needs of the generation that he will leave behind in order to protect them. Actually, people generally try to hand down property to their children so that they can endure troubles and problems that can occur after they die. In fact, this is a good will. It is expressed in a Hadith as follows:

“It is better that you leave your inheritors rich enough than you leave them so poor that they will need other’s help.” [Ahmad in Musnad]

However, guaranteeing children’s future and leaving them a comfortable life should not be done by making concessions on religion and ethics. It should not sound so reasonable that one hands down property to his children by being stingy and sacrificing his soul, generousness and Allah’s pleasure.

Islam considers one’s property and children a means of testing just like other boons and bounties. If one behaves lazily and avoids doing the necessary things and sacrificing, all these boons and bounties turn out to be troubles and even the greatest enemies for him. Islam orders people to be good to their own selves first, and then to his families, then to relatives and finally to all the other people.

Being good to oneself: Meeting your needs in halal ways, protecting yourself from harams, avoiding behaviours which will humiliate yourself in front of people and protecting yourself from the kind of poverty which puts Muslims in a situation which does not fit Muslim dignity. And this is possible only through a moderate lifestyle which excludes cruelty and wastefulness. A Muslim can keep property which will allow him to reach his lawful goal. If he cannot have it, he is considered poor.

Brothers and Sisters! While generousness is praised in Islam, stinginess is excoriated. One should refrain from stinginess to the utmost degree because stinginess is one of the reasons which destroyed previous nations and civilizations. As a matter of fact, stinginess led them to shed blood and consider harams to be halal, as it is stated in the Hadith.

“There are two characteristics which cannot exist in a believer. They are stinginess and low ethics.” [Tirmidhi]

This characteristic can be likened to selfishness that is the source of many evils. Actually, a selfish person spoils many social relationships by using all opportunities, whether be material or spiritual, to satisfy his caprices. He breaks off social links. For instance, it prevents visiting relatives, caring for friends and relatives, giving gifts to each other and helping the needy people.

Stinginess causes unhappiness. The public criticizes stingy people and a stingy person cannot receive respect from people. Shortly, stinginess is a disease that prevents all kinds of good deeds and charities; because charities can be done by giving the boons, which Allah has endowed upon one in various ways, generously to needy people. And stinginess prevents one from giving freely to other people for the sake of Allah.

Stinginess has got many disadvantages related both to individuals and to society. Stinginess neither allows the possessor of property to benefit from it nor the society to benefit from it, by encaging the property. So, stinginess causes many significant problems in society and in finance. Keeping property because of stinginess causes financial crisis. It causes the ethics to degenerate and hearts to become seditious.

Islamic scholars consider stinginess a spiritual sickness and a disease of the heart and state that this disease can be cured only with knowledge and practice.

Service to Allah is the job of earning a secondary disposition by putting Islam’s orders into practice. One can escape stinginess by being generous. One should believe that boons come only if Allah endows them and one should learn to be generous and get accustomed to be generous by supplicating beginning from the childhood.

Treatment through knowledge: It is possible to get over the disease of stinginess only by learning its harms related to ethics, religion and social aspects and the ways of getting rid of it. A person who knows dangers of stinginess refrains from it. For instance, would a person who knows how dangerous a snake is play with it? Would he let that snake sleep with him in his bed? Similarly, a person who knows how dangerous stinginess is quits this negative characteristic.

Treatment through practice: This treatment is possible by dealing with people’s problems. The Prophet (Peace be upon him) said in one of his Hadith:

“Whoever does not share the problems of believers is not one of us.” [Suyuti in al-Jami’us-Saghir]

Therefore, we should care about people’s problems in the society that we are a part of. Although we may find it difficult, we have to help the poor and needy people in our society. If we get ourselves accustomed to generousness and save ourselves from stinginess, we can help the poor and needy people in our society.

There are the rich and the poor in every society. They should help each other; especially the rich should help the poor. If the rich are stingy and the poor are impatient, the balance, peace and orderliness of the society will decline. Theft, armed robbery, kidnapping, cattle rustling, extortion, bribery and corruption, conflicts, political, religious and ethnic crisis, terrorism and shedding blood will start in the society; as it has been seen and witnessing in our societies today, and in all stages of history. And this will result in the destruction of that society. People will start shedding blood and considering harams to be halal. The larger the gap between the poor and the rich grows, the more we see unfairness and cruelty in the society and all kinds of injustice start to spread over in the society. Increase and spread of injustice is considered an indication of proximity of destruction. In this sense, stinginess is one of the reasons of injustice. We can say that this is the reason why stinginess is mentioned together with injustice. In a hadith, the Prophet (Peace be upon him) explains the way of getting over stinginess as follows:

“One who gives zakah, who entertains his guests and who helps others in time of calamities is saved from stinginess.” [Bukhari]

Ibn Munzir reported that Ali Ibn Abi Talib had said:

“Whoever gives zakah for his property is saved from stinginess.”

Actually, people are often ordered to give zakah both in Quran and Hadiths in order to prevent the ambition for saving money that exists in human disposition from turning into stinginess. For this reason, one of the ways to escape stinginess is, for those who can afford, to give zakah for their property.

Imam Ghazali states the following about the cure of stinginess:

“One of the ways to get rid of stinginess, fear of poverty and greed is to think about the situation of stingy people and think that everybody hates them. Even a stingy person does not like other stingy people. There is not a stingy person who likes stingy people. If a stingy person thinks about it, he will understand that he is considered gloomy and terrible, and is disliked by other people, like other stingy people, too.”

Moreover, it is possible to get over the psychological disease of stinginess by thinking about the aim of gaining property. As a matter of fact, property is for meeting needs. After taking the amount of what we need, we should spend the rest for saving our otherworldly life. If a believer can comprehend that it is better to spend for otherworldly life than keeping property, the desire for spending on the way of Allah will predominate in his heart.

Remembering death often, thinking about friends or relatives who tired themselves to death while struggling for saving money and gaining property and that all they had were in vain after their death can help people quit stinginess, too.

Allah the Glorious teaches us how we can compensate for our shortcomings and weaknesses via His attributes and how we can reach the sublime ones and wants us to develop our characters in accordance with divine ethics. Allah has got beautiful names and attributes, one of which is generousness. That is to say, Allah is generous and likes those who are generous. So, if people follow this attribute of Allah and become generous, they are thus saved from stinginess which Allah dislikes and also please Allah. Actually, Imam Ghazali states that the cure of stinginess is possible by doing the opposite of stinginess that is generousness; that is to say, spending property on the way of Allah.

In addition to all of these, the Messenger of Allah (Peace be upon him) suggests supplication in order to get rid of stinginess. In a Hadith, he says:

“O Allah, I seek refuge with You from frightfulness and stinginess.”

In another Hadith, he says:

“Every morning, two angels come down from the skies. One of them supplicates by saying ‘O Allah, may You make the property of those who help others with their own property abundant’ and the other one curses by saying ‘Destroy the property of stingy ones who keep their property.’” (Bukhari)

The Prophet (Peace be upon him) encourages people to break their habit of stinginess by helping others financially, with this Hadith. Human beings were created as stingy and impatient. That means these traits come from their disposition. Moreover, they have got both negative traits such as hatred, grudge and enmity and positive traits such as love, affection and kindness. Each of these is a corridor leading to either good or evil. In this sense, human beings should close the doors opening to evils and control their negative feelings and passions with the help of religious thoughts and feelings, which is called in religion “secondary disposition.” One should develop this disposition so that he can comprehend the perfection that is destined for him, that is, he can turn his disposition, which can turn into anything, to be something good, that is, into a believer.

Brothers and Sisters! Know that disease ruins the health of the body. When a person has the flu his/her whole body feels weak. It is only when he/she recovers that strength comes back to their limbs. If the person had to live with flu the rest of their life it would be a compromised existence. As flu is a disease of the body, stinginess is a disease of the soul. It ruins the health of the soul and Iman becomes weak. As long as the person does not recover from stinginess the condition of his/her Iman remains poor and the person is not able to do much good in his life.

Allah the Most High says:

“Here you are, called upon to spend in the Path of Allah, and some of you are being stingy, while whoever is stingy is only ungenerous towards himself. It is Allah who is rich and you who are the poor.” [Quran, 47:38]

My people! Allah the Almighty is reminding us in this Quranic verse that He has no need for our donations whatsoever. Whatever we have was given to us by Him who owns all the treasures in the universe and much, much more. When we are called to spend in the Path of Allah it is just to see who is stingy in giving back to Allah and who believes and trusts in Allah and is anxious that a home is made for him/her in Paradise.

Servants of Allah! The person who is niggardly in spending in Allah’s Path is actually being ungenerous only towards himself. This is because whatever we spend in Allah’s Path is what we are spending on our own home in Jannah (Paradise). In fact, Allah multiplies what we spend and gives it back to us both in this world as well as putting it towards our homes in Jannah (Paradise). Thus, the miser is only miserly towards himself/herself.

Uthman (RA) was a man who would spend his wealth freely in the Path of Allah seeking the pleasure of his Lord. Abu Hurairah (RA) narrated:

“Uthman bought Jannah (Paradise) from Allah’s Messenger twice: 1 – Once in a business transaction when he bought the well of Rumah (from the disbelievers), and which he made a public property for all Muslims, and 2 – he bought it a second time when he fully financed and equipped the Army of Hardship (Jaish al-Usra).”

The Army of Hardship was the name given to the Muslim army when it marched out to confront the Romans in Ghazwah Tabuk. This was a very difficult journey for the Muslims to undertake, which is why their army was called the Army of Hardship. Uthman (RA) gave so much to finance this Ghazwah that the Prophet (Peace be upon him) said: “Uthman does no longer need a deed of righteousness (i.e. to please Allah) after this.” [See The Beauty of the Righteous and Ranks of the Elite by Imam Abu Naim al-Asfahani]

Stinginess when it comes to spending in the Way of Allah or helping the poor is classified as an enormity (Al-Kaba’ir) by Imam adh Dhahabi in his Kitab al-Kaba’ir (Book of Enormities).

Brothers and Sisters! Lastly, I ask Allah to assist us in living by the Quran and Sunnah. I pray He lets us recognise the truth for what it is and helps us to follow it, and that He lets us see falsehood for what it is and helps us to avoid it.

O Allah! Guide us and protect us from the causes of ignorance and destruction! Save us from the defects of ourselves! Cause the last of our deeds to be the best and most righteous! And forgive all of us. Ameen Yaa Rabb!

My respected people! Anything good I have said in my today’s Khutbah (Sermon) is from Allah the Almighty, and any mistakes are my own and we seek refuge in Allah from giving wrong advice and from all forms of calamities and fitnah. And I ask Allah’s forgiveness if I stepped beyond bounds in anything I said or I do.

May Allah be praised; and may the peace and blessings of Allah be upon His Messenger Muhammad and upon his family and Companions.

With this I conclude my Khutbah (Sermon) and ask Allah, the Almighty and the sublime, to forgive all of our sins. So seek his forgiveness, He is all forgiving and Most Merciful.

This Jumu’ah Khutbah (Friday Sermon) was prepared for delivery today, Friday, Muharram 15, 1439 AH (October 6, 2017), by Imam Murtadha Muhammad Gusau, the Chief Imam of Nagazi-Uvete Jumu’ah and late Alhaji Abdurrahman Okene’s Mosques, Okene Kogi State, Nigeria. He can be reached via: +2348038289761.

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[Friday Sermon] Welcoming The New Islamic Year 1439 Ah And Fasting In The Month Of Muharram, By Imam Murtadha Gusau

In the name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful

All thanks and praise is due to Allah, we seek His help and forgiveness. We seek refuge in Allah from the evil within ourselves and the consequences of our evil deeds. Whoever Allah guides will never be led astray, and whoever Allah leads astray will never find guidance. I bear witness there is no God but Allah, alone without any partners, and I bear witness that Muhammad is His servant and His Messenger.

“O you who have believed, fear Allah as He should be feared and do not die except as Muslims in submission to Him.” (3:102)

“O mankind, fear your Lord, who created you from one soul and created from it its mate and dispersed from both of them many men and women. And fear Allah, through whom you ask one another, and the wombs. Verily, Allah is ever watching over you.” (4:1)

“O you who have believed, fear Allah and speak words of appropriate justice. He will then amend for you your deeds and forgive your sins, and whoever obeys Allah and His Messenger has certainly attained a great attainment.” (33:70-71)

Verily, the most truthful speech is the Book of Allah, the best guidance is the guidance of Prophet Muhammad (Pbuh), and the worst affairs are newly invented matters (In religion). Every newly invented matter (In religion) is a religious innovation, and every religious innovation is misguidance, and every misguidance is in the Hellfire.

Brothers and Sisters! This month Muharram marks the beginning of a new Islamic year, which was initiated after the Hijrah, or emigration, of Prophet Muhammad and which marked the formation of the first Muslim nation within an independent Islamic territory under the rule of Muslims.

Servants of Allah! The Muslims had no formal annual calendar until the caliphate of Umar Ibn Al-Khattab, may Allah be pleased with him. In the third or fourth year of his caliphate, Umar, may Allah be pleased with him, received a message from Abu Musa Al-Ash’ari, may Allah be pleased with him, who suggested that their future correspondence be confirmed with the appropriate date. Therefore, Umar, may Allah be pleased with him, gathered some of the surviving companions of the Prophet and consulted them on this matter. Some of them suggested adopting the Persian Calendar; others proposed adopting the Roman Calendar; others still proposed that the Muslims should form their own calendar and that it should start from the birth of the Prophet; another group agreed but thought that the new Islamic Calendar should start from the day on which the Prophet embarked upon his mission; another group believed that this new Islamic Calendar should begin from the emigration of the Prophet while a final group believed that it should start from his death.

After a long discussion, they (companions) may Allah be pleased with them all agreed unanimously to adopt that the Islamic Calendar should start from when the Prophet emigrated from Makkah to Madinah and that the first month of this new Calendar be that of Muharram. This is because Muharram is a sacred month and because it follows Zul-Hijjah which is the month in which the Muslims perform Hajj, or the pilgrimage, which is the last of the five pillars of Islam that was enjoined upon the Muslims.

Brothers and Sisters! Muharram also follows the month in which the Ansar (the Madinan followers of the Prophet) pledged allegiance to the Prophet (Pbuh) which was prior to his migration to Madinah. This pledge of allegiance was one of the introductory acts of the emigration itself and therefore Muharram was deemed the most suitable month to start the Islamic Calendar by the companions of the Prophet.

My beloved people! Wallahi it is truly saddening that some Muslims today have chosen to use only the Gregorian Calendar instead of the Hijrah calendar or Hijrah with Gregorian. The Gregorian calendar has no relation with Islam and although it has been in existence for long than that of the Hijrah Calendar, that is no excuse for the Muslims to adopt it. It is well known that the companions of the Prophet would hate that any Muslim would use the Roman or Persian Calendar only.

My people! We have just ushered in the new Hijrah year. Allah Says:

“Verily, the number of months with Allah is twelve months (in a year) so was it ordained by Allah on the day when he created the Heaven and the Earth; of them four are Sacred – that is the right religion, so wrong not yourselves therein…” [Quran 9: 36]

And the Prophet (Pbuh) said:

“The year is of twelve months, out of which four months are sacred: Three are in succession Zul-Qa’ada, Zul-Hijjah and Muharram, and (the fourth is) Rajab…” (Bukhari)

These are the months that Allah has appointed for the whole of mankind. He, The Most Exalted, also Says:

“They ask you [O Muhammad], about the new moons. Say ‘They are measurements of time for the people and for Hajj (Pilgrimage].” [Quran: 189]

Therefore, we know that these months, based on the lunar calendar, were appointed for all of mankind and not just for the Arabs. This is due to the fact that the lunar months can very easily be detected and calculated by the sighting of the crescent-moon, which marks the end of the month and the beginning of a new one.

Respected Brothers and Sister! We are in the new Hijrah year. Know that it is not from the Sunnah to celebrate it or to congratulate one another on its advent (like taking it as festive period etc). For the Muslims, the passage of years does not constitute a real cause of happiness; rather, what counts is the amount of time spent in obedience to Allah during these years. The years that have passed will be considered as successful if they were spent in obedience to Allah, and miserable if they were spent in disobedience of Allah. Therefore, the most evil person is he who has lived a long life and has committed evil deeds throughout.

It is a must that we receive our days, months and years while in obedience to Allah. We must bring ourselves to account, redeem ourselves from our bad deeds and duly perform our responsibilities towards our parents, wives, children, relatives, associates, friends and humanity in general.

The advent of every new year is marked by many Muslims with sincere resolutions and plans to improve and become closer to their Lord, but the days and hours slip away while the people’s conditions remain the same, the inevitable result of such failures will be loss and disgrace in this world and the next. Therefore, we must invest our time in obedience to Allah and make sure that our spiritual condition is improving from year to year; for the more time runs away from us, the closer we are drawing to our graves.

Servants of Allah! The improvements in our worldly lives do us absolutely no good if our spiritual lives are not improving at the same time. No one can attain honour and dignity without submitting to the Lord of the Worlds, Allah. Safety, peace, tranquility and welfare cannot be attained except by adopting the methodology of the Messengers of Allah, may Allah exalt their mention. Be very clear that if any of you see welfare and pleasure accompanied with sins and deviation, then this is definitely a mere respite that has been given by Allah ahead of a total ruin and destruction. Thus, we must all stand firm in the obedience of Allah in order to protect ourselves from His punishment. Allah, The Almighty Says:

“…And turn to Allah in repentance, all of you, O believers, that you might succeed.” [Quran 24: 31]

Servants of Allah! Allah has also favoured certain months, days and nights more than others. The number of months is twelve, as decreed by Allah when He created the heavens and the earth. Among these twelve are four sacred months, Zul-Qa’adah, Zul-Hijjah, and Muharram, which are successive and the month of Rajab that comes between Jumada Al-Akhirah and Sha’aban. Know that the best day which the sun rises on is Friday and the night of Al-Qadr (Laylatul Qadr) is more virtuous than a thousand months. Therefore, we must all respect and esteem that which Allah has magnified.

Scholars maintain that the rewards for good deeds are multiplied in times and places which are favoured by Allah, and vice versa for bad deeds. The proof of this is from Allah’s Saying:

“They ask you concerning the sacred month – about fighting therein. Say, ‘Fighting therein is great [sin], but averting [people] from the way of Allah and disbelief in Him and [preventing access to] the Sacred Mosque [in Makkah] and the expulsion of its people therefrom are greater [evil] in the sight of Allah. And fitnah [Polytheism and Disbelief] is worse than killing.’ And they will continue to fight you until they turn you back from your religion if they are able. And whoever of you reverts from his religion [to disbelief] and dies while he is a disbeliever – for those, their deeds have become worthless in this world and the Hereafter, and those are the companions of the Fire; they will abide therein eternally.” [Quran 2: 217]

Muslims should not wrong themselves during the Sacred Months. They should stay well within the limits defined by Allah, fulfill all His obligations, shun all His prohibitions and fulfill the rights of the people.

Respected Brothers and Sisters! Many rewards and blessings can be gained throughout the Islamic year, not only in Ramadan. The blessed month of Muharram is the first month of the Hijrah calendar and is one of the four sacred months concerning which Allah Almighty Says:

“Indeed, the number of months with Allah is twelve [lunar] months in the register of Allah [from] the day He created the heavens and the earth; of these, four are sacred. That is the correct religion, so do not wrong yourselves during them…” [Quran 9:36]

Ibn Abbas, may Allah be pleased with him, said that this phrase “so do not wrong yourselves during them… ” referred to all the months, then these four were singled out and made sacred, so that sin in these months is more serious and good deeds bring a greater reward.

The Messenger of Allah, (Pbuh), said:

“The best of fasting after Ramadan is fasting Allah’s month of Muharram.” [Muslim]

The phrase “Allah’s month”, connecting the name of the month to the name of Allah in a genitive grammatical structure signifies the importance of the month. Al-Qari said:

“The apparent meaning is all of the month of Muharram.”

But it is known that the Prophet (Pbuh) never fasted any whole month apart from Ramadan, so this Hadith is probably meant to encourage increasing one’s fasting during Muharram, without implying that one should fast for the entire month.

It was reported that the Prophet (Pbuh) used to fast more in Sha’aban. It is likely that the virtue of Muharram was not revealed to him until the end of his life. [An-Nawawi and Muslim]

Al-Izz ibn Abdus-Salam said that:

“Allah makes certain times and placed sacred or blessed in order to encourage his servants for righteous deeds and bestow a greater reward for them.” [Qawa’id Al-Ahkam]

* Ashura in history

Brothers and Sisters! The tenth day of Muharram, known as Ashura, has a special significance. Ibn Abbas, may Allah be pleased with him, said:

“The Prophet, (Pbuh), came to Madinah and saw the Jews fasting on the day of Ashura. He said: ‘What is this? They said: ‘This is a righteous day, it is the day when Allah saved the Children of Israel from their enemies, so Prophet Musa fast-ed on this day.’ He (Pbuh) said: ‘We have more right to Musa than you,’ so he fasted on that day and commanded (the Muslims) to fast on that day.” [Al-Bukhari]

Therefore the practice of fasting on Ashura was known even in the days of Jahiliyyah, before the Prophet’s Message. It was reported that Aisha, may Allah be pleased with her, said:

“The people of Jahiliyyah used to fast on that day.”

Imam Qurtubi said:

“Perhaps the Quraish used to fast on that day on the basis of some previous law, like that of Ibrahim, may Allah exalt his mention.”

Ibn Abbas, may Allah be pleased with him, said:

“I never saw the Messenger of Allah so keen to fast any day and give it priority over any other time than the day of Ashura and the month of Ramadan.” [Al-Bukhari]

The Prophet also said:

“For fasting the day of Ashura, I hope that Allah will accept it as expiation for the past year.” [Muslim]

* It is recommended to fast the ninth in addition to the tenth of Muharram.

Abdullah ibn Abbas, may Allah be pleased with him, said:

“When the Messenger of Allah fasted on Ashura and commanded the Muslims to fast as well, they said: ‘O Messenger of Allah, it is a day that is venerated and respected by the Jews and Christians.’ The Messenger of Allah said: ‘If I live to see the next year, ‘Inshaa Allah’, we will fast on the ninth day too.’ But it so happened that the Messenger of Allah passed away before the next year came.” [Muslim]

If a person does not know when Muharram began, and he wants to be sure of fasting on the tenth, he should assume that Zul-Hijjah was thirty days—as is the usual rule—and should fast on the ninth and tenth.

Imam an-Nawawi said that it expiates all minor sins and that is:

“Fasting the day of Arafah expiates sins for two years, and the day of Ashura expiates for one year… If there are minor sins for which expiation is desired, expiation for them will be accepted; if there are no minor sins or major sins, good deeds will be added to the servant’s account and he will be raised in status… If he had committed major sins but no minor sins, we hope that his major sins will be reduced.” [See Al-Majmu’ sharh al-Muhaththab]

* Fasting Ashura when one still has days to make up from Ramadan

The jurists (Fuqaha) differed concerning the ruling on observing voluntary fasts before making up the missed days from Ramadan or other obligatory fasts like for the fulfillment of a vow. The Hanafi jurists said that it is permissible to observe voluntary fasts before making up for the obligatory fasts, while the Maliki and Shafi’i scholars say that it is permissible but Makruh (disliked). The Hanbali scholars say that it is Haram (forbidden) and a person must give priority to the obligatory fasts until he has made them up. [See Al-Mawsu’ah al-Fiqhiyyah]

Servants of Allah! Muslims must hasten to make up any missed fasts after Ramadan, so that they will be able to fast Arafah and Ashura without any problem. If a person fasts Arafah and Ashura with the intention from the night before making up for a missed fast, this will be good enough to make up what he has missed, for the bounty of Allah is great.

* Avoiding innovations on Ashura

Shaykh al-Islam Ibn Taymiyyah (Rahimahullah) was asked about the authenticity of some things that people do on Ashura to seek reward, such as wearing kohl/kwalli, taking a bath, wearing henna/lalle shaking hands with one another, cooking grains (hubub) or food or something called cika-ciki and so on. Some other people mark this day by grieving and mourning, not drinking, wailing and rending their garments. His reply was:

“Nothing to that effect has been reported in any sound Hadith from the Prophet or his Companions. None of the Imams encouraged such things, neither the four Imams, nor any others. No reliable scholars have narrated anything like this, neither from the Prophet nor from his Companions, may Allah be pleased with them, nor from the Tabi’in; neither in any authentic report or in a weak report; neither in the books of Sahih, nor in as-Sunan, nor in the Musnads. No Hadith of this nature was known during the best centuries, but some of the later narrators reported Hadiths like:

“Whoever puts kohl/kwalli in his eyes on the day of Ashura will not suffer from eye disease in that year, and whoever takes a bath on the day of Ashura will not get sick in that year” and so on. They also reported a fabricated Hadith that is falsely attributed to the Prophet which says:

“Whoever is generous to his family on the day of Ashura, Allah will be generous to him for the rest of the year.”

Reporting all of this from the Prophet is tantamount to forging lies against him.

Servants of Allah! Let us remember Allah’s Messenger’s Hijrah from Makkah to Madinah, and the transformation of Yathrib into Madinah.

Let us reminisce about Hijrah, the great milestone in the Islamic cause.

Let us remember Umar’s adoption of Hijrah as the beginning of the Islamic calendar.

And let us remember that the real Hijrah today is to emigrate from evil that is forbidden from Allah and His Messenger.

On that note, I pray to the Almighty Lord that our new hijrah year which starts today may bring good things to all of us.

Wishing you and your family New Year full of peace, happiness and abundance of all. May Allah bless you through out the new year. Ameen.

I ask Allah to assist us in living by the Quran and Sunnah. I pray He lets us recognise the truth for what it is and helps us to follow it, and that He lets us see falsehood for what it is and helps us to avoid it.

O Allah! Guide us and protect us from the causes of ignorance and destruction! Save us from the defects of ourselves! Cause the last of our deeds to be the best and most righteous! And forgive all of us. Ameen Yaa Rabb!

My respected people! Anything good I have said in my today’s Khutbah (Sermon) is from Allah the Almighty, and any mistakes are my own and we seek refuge in Allah from giving wrong advice and from all forms of calamities and fitnah. And I ask Allah’s forgiveness if I stepped beyond bounds in anything I said or I do.

May Allah be praised; and may the peace and blessings of Allah be upon His Messenger Muhammad and upon his family and Companions.

With this I conclude my Khutbah (Sermon) and ask Allah, the Almighty and the sublime, to forgive all of our sins. So seek his forgiveness, He is all forgiving and Most Merciful.

This Jumu’ah Khutbah (Friday Sermon) was prepared for delivery today, Friday, Muharram 1st, 1439 AH (September 22, 2017), by Imam Murtadha Muhammad Gusau, the Chief Imam of Nagazi-Uvete Jumu’ah and late Alhaji Abdurrahman Okene’s Mosques, Okene Kogi State, Nigeria. He can be reached via: +2348038289761.

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[Friday Sermon] The World Must Rise Up To Rescue The Oppressed From The Evil Of Oppressors

By Imam Murtadha Gusau

In the Name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful

All thanks and praise is due to Allah, we seek His help and forgiveness. We seek refuge in Allah from the evil within ourselves and the consequences of our evil deeds. Whoever Allah guides will never be led astray, and whoever Allah leads astray will never find guidance. I bear witness there is no God but Allah, alone without any partners, and I bear witness that Muhammad is His servant and His Messenger.

“O you who have believed, fear Allah as He should be feared and do not die except as Muslims in submission to Him.” [Quran, 3:102]

“O mankind, fear your Lord, who created you from one soul and created from it its mate and dispersed from both of them many men and women. And fear Allah, through whom you ask one another, and the wombs. Verily, Allah is ever watching over you.” [Quran, 4:1]

“O you who have believed, fear Allah and speak words of appropriate justice. He will then amend for you your deeds and forgive your sins, and whoever obeys Allah and His Messenger has certainly attained a great attainment.”  [Quran, 33:70-71]

Verily, the most truthful speech is the Book of Allah, and the best guidance is the guidance of Muhammad (Pbuh), and the worst affairs are newly invented matters (In religion). Every newly invented matter (In religion) is a religious innovation, and every religious innovation is misguidance, and every misguidance is in the Hellfire.

To proceed:

Servants of Allah! Know that Islam was revealed to protect the natural rights of all human beings, their inalienable rights to life, property, and freedom. Violating these rights for any reason without a just cause is a major sin and it is a betrayal of Islam if Muslims claim such injustice is legislated by the Quran and Sunnah.

Brothers and Sisters! Oppressor is someone who treats people in an unfair and cruel way and prevents them from having opportunities and freedom. While oppressed is someone governed in an unfair and cruel way and prevented from having opportunities and freedom.

In summary, the meaning of oppression is to take away other people’s property without right; to beat, abuse, attack, kill, maim and mistreat them; and to take advantage of the weak.

Allah says in Quran:

“Do no suppose that Allah is unmindful of what the unjust do. He only gives them respite until a Day when the eyes will stare in terror as they come hurrying on in fear, their heads upraised, their gaze not returning to them, and their hears blank. And warn mankind of a Day when the punishment will come upon them, and then those who commit oppression will say: “O Lord, give us respite for a little while. We will respond to your call and will follow the Messengers.” Thereupon they will be told: “And did you not swear earlier that there would be no ending for you? And you dwelt in the dwellings of those (earlier peoples) who wronged themselves (and were destroyed), and when it was made clear to you how We dealt with them and We set forth examples for you.”  [Quran, 14:42-45]

And Allah says:

“The way (of blame) is only against those who oppress people.”  [Quran, 42:42]

And He the Most High says:

“And those who do wrong will come to know by what a great reversal they will be overturned.”  [Quran, 26:227]

Allah’s Messenger (Pbuh) said:

“Allah grants the oppressor respite, but when He finally seizes him, He will not let him escape. He then recited “And such is the grasp of your Lord when He seizes them while they are doing wrong. Truly, His grasp is painful, strong.” [Quran, 11:102]. [Sahih Bukhari]

The Prophet (Pbuh) said:

“If anyone has done wrong to his brother with regard to his honour or anything else, he should make reparations to him before a Day in which there will be no Dinar or Dirham. If he has any good deeds to his credit, they will be taken from him to the extent of his wrong-doing, and if he did not have any good deeds, the evil deeds of the wronged one will be loaded upon him.” [Sahih Bukhari]

The Prophet (Pbuh) said:

“Allah says ‘O My servants, I have prohibited oppression to Myself and have made it prohibited among you, therefore, do not oppress each other.” [Sahih Muslim]

Allah’s Messenger (Pbuh) asked:

“Do you know who the poor is?” The Companions said: “The one who is without wealth or property”. The Prophet said: “Among my followers, the poor one is that person who will come on the Day of Resurrection with prayers, fasting, zakah and hajj, but also with injustices against others; abusing this one, taking the property of that one, slandering another, hitting another, shedding the blood of another. Then his good deeds will be taken away from him one by one and given to this person and that person (whom he wronged in this life). If his good deeds are exhausted before all his wrong deeds are settled, some of the evil deeds of those whom he wronged will be allocated to him, and he will be thrown into the fire.” [Sahih Muslim]

When the Messenger of Allah (Pbuh) sent Mu’adh to Yemen, he told him:

“Beware of the supplication of the oppressed, since there is no veil between him and Allah.” [Sahih Bukhari]

Aisha (RA) reported the Messenger of Allah (Pbuh) as saying:

“If anyone wrongfully takes even one span of another person’s land, on the Day of Resurrection his neck will be encircled by it to the depth of seven earths.” [Sahih Al-Bukhari]

Jabir (RA) reported that:

“When Makkah was conquered, the Muslims from Abyssinia returned and came to the Prophet (Pbuh). He asked them to tell something of interest about the Abyssinian people. They said: “A very old woman was walking by with a jug of water on her head. She passed by a young man, who put his hand between her shoulders and pushed her so hard that she fell down and broke the water jug. Then she stood up and looked at him, and said: ‘You treacherous young man, you will learn! On the Day when Allah will gather the former and latter people together, and your hands and feet will speak about what they did. You will know! That day, the matter between you and me will be settled.” The Prophet (Pbuh) remarked, “She spoke the truth. How can Allah bless a nation which does not help its weak ones against its strong?” [Ibn Majah and Baihaqi]

Allah’s Messenger (Pbuh) is reported to have said:

“There are five person with whom Allah is angry. He may punish them in this world, or may postpone their punishment by fire in the Hereafter:

1- A leader of a nation who takes from the people but does not share with them nor remove injustices from them.

2- A leader of a people whom they love and obey but who does not deal equitably between the strong and weak and speaks according to his selfish desires.

3- A man who does not order his wives and children to obey Allah and does not teach them their religious duties.

4- A man who hires a worker, and after the work is completed, does not pay him his full wages.

5- A man who unjustly keeps his wife’s mahr (Dowry).”

Abdullah Ibn Salam said:

“When Allah created people, they stood upon their feet and lifting their faces toward the sky, they asked, “O Lord, who are you with?” and He replied: “With the oppressed one until he is given his rights.”

* It is not allowed to socialize with the oppressors

Allah the Most High says:

“Assemble the oppressors and their cohorts.”  [Quran, 37:22]

Allah the Almighty says:

“And do not lean toward the oppressors, lest the Fire touch you and you have no protecting friends against Allah, then you will not be helped.”  [Quran, 11:113]

Ibn Abbas elaborated:

“Do not lean toward them with love, do not support them, nor soften your speech with them and show kindness.” Al-Suddi and Ibn Sayd said: “Do not flatter the tyrants.”

Ikrama said:

“It is leaning toward love of them when you obey them and show affection to them.”

Abu Aliyah said:

“Do not be pleased with their deeds.”

“Lest the Fire touch you” means that you will be scorched. In the explanation of “You have no protecting friends against Allah” Ibn Abbas says: “There will be no one to prevent Allah’s punishment from reaching you.” [Tafsir Ibn Kathir]

Sa’id Bin Musayyib said:

“Never be pleased with the supporters of tyrants, but oppose them in your hearts; otherwise your good deeds may become as nothing.”

Makhul Damashqi said:

“On the Day of Resurrection, a caller will call, ‘Where are the tyrants and their supporters? If anyone who is present who so much as gave them ink, or filled their bottle with ink, or sharpened their pen, or anything greater than that, he will be gathered with them under the dome of fire and thrown into Hell.”

A tailor came to Sufyan Thawri and asked:

“I sew the Sultan’s clothes, am I a supporter of the tyrants and oppressors?” Sufyan replied, “You are amongst the tyrants! The supporters are those who sell the needles and threads to you.” [Taken from book ‘The Major Sins’ by Muhammad bin Uthman]

The Prophet (Pbuh) is reported to have said:

“On the Day of Resurrection, among the first people to enter the Fire will be the floggers who have whips with which they flogged people wrongfully.”

Ibn Umar said:

“On the Day of Resurrection, the aides of the oppressors and their police will be the dogs of Hell.”

The Prophet (Pbuh) said:

“Do not stand around in a place where an oppressed person is being beaten without coming to his defense. because Allah’s curse descends upon such a place.”

* The position of the oppressed in relation to the oppressor

Allah the Almighty says:

“And those who, when tyranny strikes them, they defend themselves. And the retribution for an evil act is an evil one like it, but whoever pardons and makes reconciliation – his reward is [due] from Allah. Indeed, He does not like wrongdoers. And whoever avenges himself after having been wronged – those have not upon them any cause [for blame]. The cause is only against the ones who wrong the people and tyrannise upon the earth without right. Those will have a painful punishment. And whoever is patient and forgives – indeed, that is of the matters [requiring] determination [i.e. on the part of those seeking the reward of Allah].” [Quran, 42: 39-43]

Theses verses include two matters:

First: Taking revenge from the oppressor.

Second: Forgiveness on the part of the oppressed.

Ibrahim may Allah have mercy upon him said:

“The believers hated anyone to humiliate them, but whenever they had the chance to take revenge, they would forgive instead.”

Allah praises the believers in the abovementioned verses for having the strength and power to avenge in a just manner, for restoring their rights, and for not allowing aggressors to take advantage of them. They are by no means incapable, weak or humiliated, and they are quite capable of exacting revenge, yet they forgive and forget.

This is how Prophet Yusuf may Allah exalt his mention acted with his brothers despite his ability to take revenge from them. Likewise, the Prophet (Pbuh) forgave the man who attempted to kill him whilst he slept; the man was suddenly overcome with fear of the Prophet and therefore dropped the sword from his hand, and the Prophet took hold of it and forgave him, even though he (Pbuh) could easily have killed him.

Brothers and Sisters! There are many Quranic verses and Prophetic narrations addressing this issue and encouraging the oppressed to forgive the oppressor when he is in a position to exact revenge, as this will boost his record of rewards on the Day of Resurrection. On the other hand, if the oppressed insists on revenge then this is his right and it is perfectly permissible to do so, but the revenge must be strictly limited to the extent that he was wronged. If the wronged person is one of two wives, it is permissible for the husband to enable the wronged one to gain revenge, as the Prophet (Pbuh) permitted one of his wives to get back at another one who had badmouthed her.

* The supplication of the oppressed against the oppressor

My respected people! It is also permissible for the oppressed to supplicate against the one who transgressed his rights, and this is a form of revenge. The wronged person has the choice to avenge, to supplicate against the one who wronged him, to persevere and wait until Allah returns his right for him in the Hereafter, or to forgive. The best of all of these is to forgive and to do so would attain the greatest reward from Allah in the Hereafter.

* The permissibility of the oppressed to take what was taken from him by his oppressor if he finds it

It is permissible for the oppressed to do this, and it is also permissible for him to take something of the same value of the oppressor’s property, but he may not go beyond that. Similarly, if someone was badmouthed, then he may badmouth the one who badmouthed him but may not say more than what was said to him, or else he is a sinner, as the Prophet (Pbuh) said:

“Whatever two people say (from ill words) then both their sins lie with one who initiated, as long as the wronged does not transgress (i.e. exceed the extent to which he was wronged).”

This means that whatever they say to one another will all go into the record of the one who initiated, as he was the cause of all of it, but if the wronged person retaliates with more than what he was wronged with, then this is a sin on his part which the other person will not bear.

Along the same lines, one should not supplicate against the one who wronged him with that which would neither yield benefit to him nor help him retrieve his rights that were taken; it is better for him to simply supplicate to Allah for his rights being returned. The only exception to this is when the person being supplicated against is a disbeliever, in which case he may do so.

* Forgiveness versus revenge

In the last two verses [42-43] of Chapter Ash-Shuraa’ which were mentioned above and which mean:

“The cause is only against the ones who wrong the people and tyrannies upon the earth without right. Those will have a painful punishment. And whoever is patient and forgives – indeed, that is of the matters [requiring] determination [on the part of those seeking the reward of Allah].” [Quran 26: 42-43]

My people! These verses confirm that the blame lies with the one who initiated the oppression and transgression, while the one who perseveres through it, is doing something praiseworthy, and will be highly rewarded.

Al-Fudhayl Ibn Iyadh may Allah have mercy upon him said:

“If a man comes to you complaining about another man who wronged him, then advise him to forgive him. If he says, I cannot bring myself to forgive him and would rather utilise the right granted to me by my Lord to avenge then say to him: If you can limit yourself to avenging in a fair manner, without transgressing the limits to which you were wronged, then proceed; but if you cannot control yourself, then it is safer to return to the option of forgiving him as the reward for the one who forgives is great with Allah.”

The one who forgives can sleep at night in a relaxed manner with no fear that he may have exceeded the extent to which he was wronged, because he did not avenge at all. However, the one who sought vengeance will agonise and think to himself: “Did I transgress? Did I go beyond my limit?”

Servants of Allah! Forgiving is a high rank which the callers to Islam should possess as it is a rank that only those with a high status attain, and they are the ones whom people take as examples to follow.

Abu Hurairah may Allah be pleased with him narrated that a man once badmouthed Abu Bakr may Allah be pleased with him while the Prophet (Pbuh) was sitting with them, and the Prophet expressed wonder and smiled. The man continued, and after he had said much more, Abu Bakr may Allah be pleased with him retorted with some of the same, which caused the Prophet to get up (to leave) with an angry expression on his face. Abu Bakr may Allah be pleased with him said: ‘O Messenger of Allah! He badmouthed me while you were sitting there! Why did you become upset and leave when I answered back to some of what he had said?’ The Prophet said: “You had an angel retorting on your behalf (when you were silent), but when you began answering him back (i.e., the man), Satan arrived, and I was not going to sit in the presence of Satan.” Then he (Pbuh) said: “O Abu Bakr! Here are three matters, all of which are true: Whenever a man is oppressed but forgives for the sake of Allah the Most High and the Almighty, then Allah will honour him with victory…” [Musnad of Imam Ahmad]

* The obligation upon an oppressor

Brothers and Sisters! The one who oppresses others should fear Allah and beware of transgression, because it will be counted as multiples of transgressions on the Day of Resurrection: one for him disobeying Allah, another for him oppressing his fellow Muslim, and a third for initiating and opening the gate of transgression and oppression for others to imitate. The wronged person could even eventually die as a result of the oppression, and the transgressor would bear the consequences of this.

Just look at what Umar may Allah be pleased with him did with the public property of the Muslims: Aslam may Allah be pleased with him narrated:

“Umar Ibn Al-Khattaab appointed a freed slave of his, called Hunay, as manager of the Hima (i.e. a pasture devoted for grazing the animals of the Zakah or other specified animals, such as those used for Jihad etc.). He may Allah be pleased with him said to him: ‘O Hunay! Do not oppress the Muslims and (be sure to) ward off their curse (i.e. invocations against you), for the invocation of the oppressed is responded to (by Allah); allow the shepherd having a few camels and those having a few sheep (to graze their animals in that land), and take care not to allow the livestock of Abdur-Rahman Ibn Awf and the livestock of Uthman Ibn Affan may Allah be pleased with them (to graze their animals in your land), for if their livestock should perish, then they still have their farms and gardens, while for those who own only a few camels or sheep, if their livestock should perish, they would bring their dependents to me and appeal for help saying: ‘O Chief of the Believers! O Chief of the Believers!’ Would I then neglect them? (No, of course not). So I find it easier to let them have water and grass than to give them gold and silver (from the Muslim treasury). By Allah! These people think that I have been unjust to them. This is their land, and during the pre-lslamic period, they fought for it but then they embraced Islam (willingly) while it was in their possession. I swear By Him in whose Hand my life is! Were it not for the animals (in my custody) which I give to be ridden for Jihad (i.e. fighting in Allah’s Cause), I would not have turned even a span of their land into a Hima.’” [Sahih Al-Bukhari]

This was said regarding a matter that was not personal and he may Allah be pleased with him was merely being careful not to utilise the Muslim property in an incorrect manner, and yet he feared being unjust in any way. Therefore, those who transgress other people’s rights should fear Allah and fear the oppressed supplicating against them, as this is a very dangerous matter.

Mu’adh may Allah be pleased with him reported that the Messenger of Allah (Pbuh) dispatched him (as governor of Yemen) and instructed him thus:

“Beware of the supplication of the oppressed, for there is no barrier between it and Allah.” [Sahih Al-Bukhari and Sahih Muslim]

In another narration, the Prophet of Allah (Pbuh) said:

“There are three persons whose supplications are never rejected: The just leader, the fasting person when he breaks his fast, and the oppressed when he supplicates and whose supplication is raised above the clouds and the gates of heaven are opened for it, and (to whom) Allah will say: ‘By My Glory! I shall assist you, even if it is after a while.'” [At-Tirmithi]

Abu Hurairah may Allah be pleased with him reported that the Prophet (Pbuh) said:

“He who has done a wrong that affects his brother’s honour or anything else, let him ask his forgiveness today before the time (i.e., the Day of Resurrection) when he will have neither a Dinar nor a Dirham. (On that Day), if he has done some good deeds, a portion equal to his wrongdoings will be subtracted from them; but if he has no good deeds, he will be burdened with the evil deeds of the one he had wronged in the same proportion.” [Sahih Al-Bukhari]

Abu Hurairah may Allah be pleased with him reported that:

“The Messenger of Allah (Pbhu) said:

“Do you know who is the bankrupt one?” The people said: ‘The bankrupt among us is the one who has neither money nor property.’ He (Pbuh) said: “The real bankrupt one of my nation would be he who would come on the Day of Resurrection having (performed) prayers, (observed) fasting and (spent in) charity, (but he will find himself bankrupt on that Day due to depleting these good deeds) because he despised others, uttered slanderous terms against others, unlawfully devoured the wealth of others, shed the blood of others, and beat others. Therefore his good deeds would be credited to the account of those (who suffered at his hand). If his good deeds are exhausted, their sins (i.e., those he oppressed) will be entered in his account and he will be thrown into the (Hell) Fire.” [Sahih Muslim]

* The transgressor must return the rights of people to them or their equivalent

Brothers and Sisters! How can the transgressor free himself from his transgression? Imam As-Safarini may Allah have mercy upon him said:

“The rights of people are either of a type that can be compensated for by an equivalent, like wealth or ruined goods, or by a type that cannot be compensated for.”

This means that if a person has unjustly taken wealth, then he should return it; if he ruined something, then he should replace it; if he took something and used it, then he should return it and compensate the owner for the usage. These steps should all be accompanied with sincere repentance to Allah.

That is in the case of it being something that can be compensated for, but what should the transgressor do in the case that it is of the other type, which cannot be compensated for? Slandering a person or backbiting him are not things that can be compensated for, and in such a case one should first of all regret what he did and repent, then he should supplicate for the forgiveness of the one whom he slandered or backbite. If the person falsely accused another of adultery or fornication, then he should go back and inform those in front of whom he made the accusation that he was lying.

Furthermore, he should seek the pardon of the wronged person unless he knows that by informing him things would only get worse, in which case he should refrain from telling him and simply supplicate earnestly to Allah for the wronged person’s forgiveness; he should also praise the wronged person in front of those same people that he had defamed or slandered him.

Imam Ibn Taymiyyah may Allah have mercy upon him said:

“If what was taken is of the type that can be compensated for, then one must return it, and if the owner has died then he should return it to his heirs. In addition to this, he must supplicate for the deceased, because he had deprived him of his right to benefit from his property for the period he was alive in, during which the property was in the possession of the transgressor.”

* How should people deal with the transgressor and the transgressed

Servants of Allah! After knowing the positions of the transgressor and the transgressed against, we need to know the stance that people should adopt towards each of them.

Anas may Allah be pleased with him reported:

“The Messenger of Allah (Pbuh) said:

“Help your brother, whether he is an oppressor or is oppressed.’ A man asked: ‘O Messenger of Allah! I (know how to) help him when he is oppressed, but how can I help him when he is an oppressor?’ He (Pbuh) said: ‘You can restrain him from committing oppression. That will be your help to him.’” [Sahih Al-Bukhari and Sahih Muslim]

Al-Bara’ may Allah be pleased with him reported that:

“The Messenger of Allah (Pbuh) commanded us with seven things (one of which is): “Support the transgressed.”

Ibn Umar may Allah be pleased with him and his father, reported that the Messenger of Allah said:

“A Muslim is a brother of another Muslim. (So) he should not oppress him, nor should he forsake him (i.e. when he is being oppressed).” [Sahih Al-Bukhari and Sahih Muslim]

Therefore, one must support the oppressed and the one who is being transgressed against; the one who refrains from supporting an oppressed person, whilst being able to, is sinful.

Abu Bakr may Allah be pleased with him said:

“O people! You recite this verse: “O you who believe! Upon you is [responsibility for] yourselves. Those who have gone astray will not harm you when you have been guided…” [Quran 5:105] (but misinterpret it) for I have heard the Messenger of Allah (Pbuh) saying: ‘When people see an oppressor but do not prevent him from (doing evil), it is likely that Allah will punish them all.’” [Abu Dawud and At-Tirmithi]

One should prevent the oppressor physically if possible, and this responsibility is greater with respect to the leaders and those in authority. If one cannot stop the oppressor physically, then he should do it verbally.

* An oppressor must not be supported and assisted

Brothers and Sisters! Helping an oppressor is from the gravest of disasters; people should not imitate an oppressor and must prevent him and make him realise the wrong that he is doing; if people assist the oppressor then they will not get to drink from the fountain of the Prophet (Pbuh) as he (Pbuh) himself informed us of this being the case.

Some people support a transgressor because he is a relative or a fellow tribe member, but the Prophet (Pbuh) warned against such oppressive behaviour.

* A believer should not be deceived

All that has been mentioned thus far does not suggest that one should be easily deceived by someone who claims to have been oppressed, for it is not necessarily true that every person who claims to have been oppressed has actually been; the following is a case in point:

“During the era of Abu Bakr may Allah be pleased with him a man whose hand and foot had been amputated came to Madinah from Yemen and went to Abu Bakr may Allah be pleased with him complaining that the governor there had wronged him. A few days later, a necklace of Asma’ Bint Umays may Allah be pleased with her the wife of Abu Bakr may Allah be pleased with him was stolen and so people began searching for it. The Yemeni amputee assisted in the search and supplicated: “O Allah! Punish the one who stole from this righteous household.” Finally the necklace was found in a jewellery store. After investigating the matter, the jeweller claimed that the man from Yemen was the one who brought it to him, and when he was questioned he confessed to his crime. Therefore, Abu Bakr may Allah be pleased with him commanded that his other hand be amputated and said: “I swear by Allah! His supplication against himself was worse than his theft.” Although this man claimed that he had been oppressed, it was subsequently discovered that he had not been, and that his hand and foot were in fact rightfully amputated.”

My people! Below are the quotes from even the non Muslims about oppression:

“I believe that there will be ultimately be a clash between the oppressed and those who do the oppressing. I believe that there will be a clash between those who want freedom, justice and equality for everyone and those who want to continue the system of exploitation. I believe that there will be that kind of clash, but I don’t think it will be based on the colour of the skin…”  ~ Malcolm X

“Within a system which denies the existence of basic human rights, fear tends to be the order of the day. Fear of imprisonment, fear of torture, fear of death, fear of losing friends, family, property or means of livelihood, fear of poverty, fear of isolation, fear of failure. A most insidious form of fear is that which masquerades as common sense or even wisdom, condemning as foolish, reckless, insignificant or futile the small, daily acts of courage which help to preserve man’s self-respect and inherent human dignity. It is not easy for a people conditioned by fear under the iron rule of the principle that might is right to free themselves from the enervating miasma of fear. Yet even under the most crushing state machinery courage rises up again and again, for fear is not the natural state of civilized man.”   ~ Aung San Suu Kyi, Freedom from Fear

“Where justice is denied, where poverty is enforced, where ignorance prevails, and where any one class is made to feel that society is an organized conspiracy to oppress, rob and degrade them, neither persons nor property will be safe.”    ~ Frederick Douglass

“Human beings are so made that the ones who do the crushing feel nothing; it is the person crushed who feels what is happening. Unless one has placed oneself on the side of the oppressed, to feel with them, one cannot understand.”     ~ Simone Weil

“All oppression creates a state of war.”   ~ Simone de Beauvoir

“Injustice anywhere is a threat to justice everywhere.”    ~  Martin Luther King Jr.

“In keeping silent about evil, in burying it so deep within us that no sign of it appears on the surface, we are implanting it, and it will rise up a thousand fold in the future. When we neither punish nor reproach evildoers, we are not simply protecting their trivial old age, we are thereby ripping the foundations of justice from beneath new generations.”     ~  Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn , The Gulag Archipelago 1918-1956

“They will hate you if you are beautiful. They will hate you if you are successful. They will hate you if you are right. They will hate you if you are popular. They will hate you when you get attention. They will hate you when people in their life like you. They will hate you if you worship a different version of their God. They will hate you if you are spiritual. They will hate you if you have courage. They will hate you if you have an opinion. They will hate you when people support you. They will hate you when they see you happy. Heck, they will hate you while they post prayers and religious quotes on Pinterest and Facebook. They just hate. However, remember this: They hate you because you represent something they feel they don’t have. It really isn’t about you. It is about the hatred they have for themselves. So smile today because there is something you are doing right that has a lot of people thinking about you.”    ~   Shannon L. Alder

Wassalamu Alaikum, success comes from Allah, and Allah knows best.

I ask Allah to assist us in living by the Quran and Sunnah. I pray that He lets us recognise the truth for what it is and helps us to follow it, and that He lets us see falsehood for what it is and helps us to avoid it.

O Allah! Guide us and protect us from the causes of ignorance and destruction! Save us from the defects of ourselves! Cause the last of our deeds to be the best and most righteous! And forgive all of us. Ameen Yaa Rabb!

My respected people! Anything good I have said in my today’s Khutbah (Sermon) is from Allah the Almighty, and any mistakes are my own and we seek refuge in Allah from giving wrong advice and from all forms of calamities and fitnah. And I ask Allah’s forgiveness if I stepped beyond bounds in anything I said or I do.

May Allah be praised; and may the peace and blessings of Allah be upon His Messenger Muhammad and upon his family and Companions.

With this I conclude my Khutbah (Sermon) and ask Allah, the Almighty and the sublime, to forgive all of our sins. So seek his forgiveness, He is all forgiving and Most Merciful.

This Jumu’ah Khutbah (Friday Sermon) was prepared for delivery today, Friday, Zul-Hijjah 24, 1438 AH (September 15, 2017), By Imam Murtadha Muhammad Gusau, the Chief Imam of Nagazi-Uvete Jumu’ah and late Alhaji Abdurrahman Okene’s Mosques, Okene Kogi State Nigeria. He can be reached via: +2348038289761.

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NAHCON To Sanction Tour Operators Over Poor Arrangement For Pilgrims Stay In Muna

The National Hajj Commission of Nigeria (NAHCON), has said it will sanction some tour operators who defaulted in their arrangement for the transportation and accommodation of pilgrims to Muna, for the commencement of the hajj rites.

Secretary of commission,  Dr. Muhammad Bello Tambuwal stated this in an interview while commenting on the plight of some pilgrims who could not be moved to Muna.

It was reported that some pilgrims mostly those that came in through your operators could not be moved to Muna at about eleven o’clock last night. This resulted from the failure of the tour operators to submit details of their pilgrims to the Mu’assasa, resulting further to the failure of the pilgrims submitting their passports to the Mu’assasa to enable them plan properly for their transportation and accommodation arrangements to, and in Muna.

Respite however came the way of the pilgrims as the Chairman of the commission, Barrister Abdullah Muhammad Mukhtar wade into the problem to salvage the pilgrims and the Nigerian image by evacuating, accommodating and feeding the stranded International pilgrims,

According to Dr Tambuwal, the commission chairman along with the head of the Taradudiyyah and Jamaraat Committees, Dr Aliyu Tanko and other officials who decided not to perform the Hajj met with the Mu’assasa and Saudi Ministry of Hajj and Umrah officials to sort things out, at the end which it was resolved that all pilgrims that could not be moved to Muna upto about eleven o’clock last night, be moved directly to Arafat, and same with those who could not get accommodation in Muna.

Dr Tambuwal however said a list of the defaulting tour operators is being compiled to enable the commission apply proper contractual sanctions against them.

Meanwhile, pilgrims at the plains of mount Arafat have been engaging in the act of worship as part of the four pillars of Hajj.

This year, Arafat has taken a new look with permanent tents unlike the previous years where blankets were used as makeshift tents.

All the tents have been fortified with desert coolers that would soften the harsh weather condition, if they function maximally and as expected.

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[Friday Sermon] Fear Allah, Pay Workers Their Salary To Celebrate The Eid Happily By Imam Murtadha Gusau

In The Name of Allah, The Most Gracious, The Most Merciful

Alhamdulillah. Indeed, all praise is due to Allah. We praise Him and seek His help and forgiveness. We seek refuge with Allah from the evil within ourselves and from our wrongdoings. He whom Allah guides, no one can misguide; and he whom He misguides, no one can guide.

I bear witness that there is no (true) god except Allah – alone without a partner, and I bear witness that Muhammad (Pbuh) is His ‘abd (Servant) and Messenger.

“O you who believe! Revere Allah the right reverence, and do not die except as Muslims.” (Surah Ali-Imran, 3:102)

“O people! Revere your Lord who has created you from a single soul, created from it its mate, and dispersed from both of them many men and women. Revere Allah through whom you demand things from one another; and (cherish the ties of) the wombs, indeed, Allah is ever watchful over you.” (Surah Al-Nisa’, 4:1)

“O you who believe! Revere Allah and say fair words. He will then rectify your deeds and forgive your sins. He who obeys Allah and His Messenger have certainly achieved a great victory.” (Surah Al-Ahzab, 33:70-71)

Indeed, the best speech is Allah’s (SWT) Book and the best guidance is Muhammad’s (Pbuh) guidance. The worst affairs (of religion) are those innovated (by people), for every such innovation is an act of misguidance leading to the Hellfire.

Servants of Allah! As you all knows, under the present administrations, in some states workers were owed salaries for upwards of 5, 7, 10, 14 and 17 months. Pensioners are owed several month’s arrears and  are dying.

As reliable and confirmed reports shows, no fewer than 12 states are owing their workers a backlog of salaries and allowances, despite double bailout funds from the Federal Government, with Kogi State owing as many as 15 to 17 months, as investigations have revealed in April.

Also on the list of heavily indebted states are Osun, Kwara, Bayelsa, Ondo, Ekiti and Oyo.

Others are Benue State, Nasarawa State, Abia, Imo as well as several months of unpaid allowances, and Ogun State, which owes months of unremitted deductions from workers’ salaries for cooperatives, union dues, among others.

In June, the Nigeria Union of Local Government Employees, NULGE, said that 23 states of the federation currently owed local government workers’ arrears of salary ranging from one to 16 months, as the national President of the union, Ibrahim Khalil, stated in a statement made available to the News Agency of Nigeria, NAN, in Abuja.

Therefore, I appealed to the Governments at all level to fear Allah and pay workers their salaries, their arrears and other allowances, as Muslim faithful prepare for Eid-El-Adha celebration, in order to avoid Allah’s wrath on themselves, their local governments, their states and generally on the country.

Brothers and Sisters! The employer-employee relationship is considered a contract and hiring relationship, and we have some Shari‘ah texts that clarify the principles and regulations of this relationship as stated by the Islamic jurists in their books.

It is the right of the employee to have his wages specified in advance by the employer and to get it completely and on time. Abu Sa‘id Al-Khudri narrated that the Prophet, (Pbuh), said:

“Whoever employs someone to work for him, he must specify for him his wage in advance.” [See Musannaf of Abdur-Razzaaq]

Similar Hadiths were also narrated by Ibn Abi Shaibah in his Musannaf on the authority of Abu Hurairah, Abu Sa‘id and Uthman.

Abu Hurairah narrated that the Prophet, said:

“Allah Said, ‘I will be the opponent of three on the Day of Judgment:…and one who hires a workman and having taken full work from him, does not pay him his wages.‘”

On the Day of Judgment, Allah The Exalted will be the opponent of those types of people. Hence, the employers who hire workers then delay their wages for a month or two or three must fear Allah.

Abdullah Ibn Umar narrated that the Prophet, said:

“Pay the labourer/worker his wages before his sweat dries.”

Moreover, the employer has no right to force the worker to do more work or work longer than the time they agreed on, provided that the worker has the ability to do what they agreed on.

On the other hand, the worker must satisfy the conditions between him and the employer in what is not prohibited under Shari‘ah. Allah The Almighty Said:

“O you who have believed, fulfill [all] contracts.” [Quran 5:1]

The worker must also perform the work that is assigned to him perfectly. Al-Baihaqi and Abu Ya’ala narrated on the authority of A’ishah that the Prophet, said:

“Verily, Allah loves that when anyone of you does something he does it perfectly.”

Let me mention the great rule that the Prophet, (Pbuh) stated in a Hadith:

“There should be neither harm nor reciprocal harm.” [Imam Ahmad in Musnad]

Hence, there should be no harm against the employer or the employee.

My respected people! Wallahi, it is not permissible to delay payment of salaries to employees beyond the time when they are due, which is when the work is completed or at the end of the agreed-upon period. If the agreement is that the salary be paid monthly, then it must be paid to the worker at the end of each month; delaying it with no excuse is regarded as unfair and unjust. Allah the Almighty says:

“Then if they give suck to the children for you, give them their due payment.” [Surah al-Talaq, 65:6]

So Allah commanded that they be given their payment as soon as the work is done.

Ibn Majah narrated that Abdullah ibn Umar (may Allah be pleased with him) said: The Messenger of Allah (Pbuh) said:

“Give the worker his wages before his sweat dries.” [Classed as sahih by al-Albani in Sahih Ibn Majah]

My people! What this means is to hastening to give him his dues as soon as the work is done. Similarly, when the agreed-upon period ends (which is one month in the case of most employees nowadays), then it is obligatory to hasten to give him his dues.

Imam Al-Manawi said in his book, Fayd al-Qadir that:

“It is haram to delay and postpone when one is able to pay. The command to give it to him before his sweat dries is a metaphor for the obligation to pay him as soon as the job is done, even if he does not sweat, or if he sweated and it has dried.”

Also the company owner or any private business owner’s delay in paying the salaries is wrongdoing which makes his honour and punishment permissible, as the Prophet (Pbuh) said:

“Withholding of payment by a rich man is wrongdoing.” [Narrated by al-Bukhari and Muslim]

And the Prophet (Pbuh) said:

“If one who can afford it delays payment, his honour and punishment become permissible.” [Narrated by Abu Dawud, al-Nasa’i and Ibn Majah. Classed as hasan by al-Albani in his book Irwa’ al-Ghalil]

What is meant by his honour becoming permissible is that one may say: “So and so delayed paying me and he wronged me.” Punishing him means detaining him. This is how it was interpreted by Sufyan and others.

Servants of Allah! The Standing Committee was asked about a boss who did not give his workers their salaries until they traveled to their homelands once every year or two, and the workers agreed to that because they have no choice, job opportunities are few, and they need the money.

They replied:

“What this boss should do is to give his workers their salaries at the end of every month, as is the custom among people nowadays. But if there is an agreement and they accept that the salary will be paid all together after one or two years, there is nothing wrong with that, because the Prophet (Pbuh) said in a sahih hadith:

“The Muslims are bound by their conditions.” [See Fataawa al-Lajnah al-Daa’imah, 14/390]

Based on the above, we should advise our Governments at all level, and the company owner and explain to them that it is haram to delay the employees’ salaries and it is haram to harm them.

The Federal Government, State Governments, Local Governments and private companies must understand that delaying the payment of employees’ salaries will cause serious problems, which will affect their efficiency and lead to disruptive, dangerous thoughts. The job contract requires the employers to pay them the monthly pay, and it is an injustice to delay them and it will affect them and their families.

Also private businessmen have to fear Allah and pay their salaries on time. The Prophet Muhammad (Pbuh) said as mentioned earlier that:

“Give the worker his wages before his sweat dries.”

The delay in paying the salary might worry workers and may lead to disruption of important government projects, and also this might give workers justification for fraud and corruption, which would result in massive damage to the country.

I  ask Allah to assist us in living by the Quran and Sunnah. I pray that He lets us recognise the truth for what it is and helps us to follow it, and that He lets us see falsehood for what it is and helps us to avoid it.

O Allah! Guide us and protect us from the causes of ignorance and destruction! Save us from the defects of ourselves! Cause the last of our deeds to be the best and most righteous! And forgive all of us. Ameen Yaa Rabb!

My respected people! Anything good I have said in my today’s Khutbah (Sermon) is from Allah the Almighty, and any mistakes are my own and we seek refuge in Allah from giving wrong advice and from all forms of calamities and fitnah. And I ask Allah’s forgiveness if I stepped beyond bounds in anything I said or I do.

May Allah be praised; and may the peace and blessings of Allah be upon His Messenger Muhammad and upon his family and Companions.

With this I conclude my Khutbah (Sermon) and ask Allah, the Almighty and the Sublime, to forgive all of our sins. So seek his forgiveness, He is all forgiving Most Merciful.

This Jumu’ah Khutbah (Friday Sermon) was prepared for delivery today, Friday, Zul Hijjah 3,1438 A.H. (August 25, 2017), by Imam Murtadha Muhammad Gusau, the Chief Imam of Nagazi-Uvete Jumu’ah and late Alhaji Abdurrahman Okene’s Mosques, Okene Kogi State Nigeria. He can be reached via: +2348038289761.

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Hajj 2017: Saudi Govt Apologises To Nigeria Over Maltreatment Of Two Pilgrims

Saudi Arabia on Monday apologised to the Federal Government over an alleged maltreatment of two pilgrims by its security agents in Medina.

The Deputy Minister of Hajj and Umrah, Mohammad Albijawi, gave the apology on behalf of the Royal leaders of the Kingdom when he visited the victims at Wefada Al Zahra Hotel on Al Salam Street Markazziya, in Medina.

He expressed regret over the unfortunate incident and assured that it would not happen again.

The Deputy Minister said that Saudi authorities would never tolerate such kind embarrassment of pilgrims and would take measures to ensure all those who participated in maltreatment of pilgrims were brought to book.

He added that Saudi would continue to ensure better handling of pilgrims, particularly while in the Kingdom.

He said that the Kingdom was committed to deliver the needed service to Nigerian pilgrims and others around the world.

He said ” we shall continue to provide effective service to pilgrims.

” What brought us here today is the issue of the two pilgrims that were maltreated somehow by our security agents.

” We are here to say sorry and regret the issue and assure you that such things will never happen again.

” On behalf of the King, the Governor of Madina and all the royal leaders in this kingdom, we are here to once again express our apology to you for what has happened and to assure you that the Kingdom will never allow such a thing happen again”.

The Deputy Minister restated the determination of the government to provide the needed services to the pilgrims, adding that the responsibilities of the Kingdom would continue to be upheld.

He said the authority cherished all pilgrims and would continue to serve them by ensuring they stayed in peace throughout the period of Hajj.

Amb. Umar Salisu, Charge d’ Affairs, Embassy of Nigeria in Saudi Arabia, said the governor of Medina informed him about the type of punishment that would be given to the perpetrators of the incident.

” We really appreciate the action taken by the Saudi Authority to bring those people to book and continue to allow Nigerian pilgrims to perform their hajj rites without any fear of harassment, molestation and maltreatment.

” According to Saudi Authority, this is happening for the first time and it will be the last, ” Salisu said.

The News Agency of Nigeria (NAN) reported that two pilgrims from Nasarawa State were allegedly detained and manhandled on arrival at the King Abdulaziz International Airport in Medina on Aug. 19.

It took the intervention of the Secretary of the National Hajj Commission of Nigeria (NAHCON ), Dr Bello Tambuwal, before they were released

Tambuwal, who is also the Coordinator of Medina Hajj Operation, petitioned the Saudi Ministry for Hajj Affairs over the issue and demanded immediate action on the perpetrators. (NAN)

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2017 Hajj: Nigerian Pilgrims To Begin Return Journey Home September 7

…68% of pilgrims airlifted so far

The National Hajj Commission of Nigeria (NAHCON) has disclosed that since the inaugural flight of the 2017 operations on July 31, it has so far airlifted more than 44,767 (68%) out of the 65, 601 of this year’s intending pilgrims.

Commissioner of Operations of the commission, Abdullahi Modibbo, who stated this during a press conference in Abuja on Saturday, the airlift of the remaining 20,834 (34%) would be completed in due course.

He said: “Max Air will end its operation by 25th of this month. Medview and Fly-Nas will end their operations on 21st and 26th of August respectively. Time has gone when Nigeria asks Saudi Arabia for extension of time to complete the airlift.

“Also, as soon as Hajj rites are completed, our pilgrims will start coming back. To be precise, our pilgrims will start returning home by September 7 2017 and it shall be a first-come, first-served basis.”

Concerning some overzealous pilgrims who spend days at the airport before being called, the commissioner said intending pilgrims would be notified six to seven hours before the departure time, so there is no cause for alarm.

He therefore called on the remaining intending pilgrims to calm down and wait for their turn.

BluePrint

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NAHCON Commended For Quick Service Delivery To Pilgrims In Madina

The National Hajj Commission of Nigeria, NAHCON, has again been commended for ensuring quick service delivery to pilgrims in Madina.

The Coordinator, Lagos State Pilgrims in Madina, Alhaji Lukman Ojubanire made the commendation in an interview with journalists in Madina.

Asked to compare, NAHCON’s services and arrangements this year with previous years, the Coordinator said there was a remarkable improvement, particularly in the areas of Accommodation, Feeding and release of pilgrims to either Makkah or Madina, saying it took days on end in the past to get the releases, but this year they take only few hours.

On accommodation, Alhaji Ojubanire, said this was one of the areas the Commission deserves commendation the most, inview of their proximity to the Prophet’s Mosque, their standard and neatness.

He thanked NAHCON, for giving States Welfare Boards listening ears, by implementing virtually all suggestions made after the last exercise, with regards to accommodation and feeding in Madina, saying the dishes are bye and large commendable.

In an interview, some pilgrims from Ekiti, Kwara, Lagos, Oyo and Zamfara States corroborated the Lagos State Madina Coordinator on the twin issues of accommodation and feeding. However, some of those interviewed hoped that their traditional local dishes were provided.

Speaking on the issue of Nigerian menu to the pilgrims, the deputy Coordinator of NAHCON, in Madina, Alhaji Ahmad Maigari said they had problem with some of the Caterers engaged in preparing Nigerian cousins, but the Commission was quick to work round the problem to mitigate the pilgrims plight of not having the cousins they were used to in Nigeria.

He expressed concerns that some State Pilgrims Welfare Board sent their pilgrims to the holy land without officials to attend to them, which became more tasking for the few NAHCON officials on ground.

Meanwhile, investigations at the various Clinics show that there were efforts being made to ensure proper handling of patients, through prompt attendance. In the main Clinic some patients from other continents who happened to pump into it were attended to.

In a phone interaction with the NAHCON Commissioner in charge of Health matters, Dr. Ibrahim Kana had assured that the medical team in all the Clinics would do their best in meeting the aspirations and yearnings of any pilgrim that had a compelling reason to consult with them.

So far no any unpleasant incident of misconduct by any Nigerian pilgrim, as pilgrims continue their visits to areas required of them to visit.

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Pilgrims Commends NAHCON On Accommodation, Feeding Arrangements

Some Nigerian pilgrims in Medina, Saudi Arabia, have commended the leadership of the National Hajj Commission of Nigeria (NAHCON) for putting in place decent accommodation and good feeding arrangements since their arrival.

The pilgrims made the commendation on Thursday in Medina in an interview with the News Agency of Nigeria (NAN).

Malam Umaru Faruku, a pilgrim from Kebbi state, said that Nigerian pilgrims could compete with their counterparts from any part of the world in terms of decent and comfortable accommodation as well as good menu.

He said he was delighted with the accommodation because of its closeness to Prophet Muhammad Mosque.

He said in the past Nigerian pilgrims were accommodated far from the mosque.

He also expressed satisfaction about the quality and quantity of the food that NAHCON was providing the pilgrims.

Faruku said: “We are really enjoying the food.

“I am happy with the improvement in terms of feeding and accommodation in Medina.

“In past we used to admire such services from pilgrims of countries like Ghana and Burkina Faso, but now we are received better service.

“I thank the Executive Chairman of NAHCON, Alhaji Abdullahi Mohammed for the enhanced services being rendered to the pilgrims.”

Mr Kazeem Bello, a pilgrim from Ogun said the quality of the food being served was second to none.

He appealed to pilgrims to cooperate and obey instructions of NAHCON and state officials and seek their assistance when necessary.

Bello said officials of NAHCON were friendly to pilgrims and listens to their complaints.\

He added that whatever the pilgrims needed was provided in good time.

He expressed hope that the gesture and hospitality would be sustained.

Alhaji Moshood Abiola, a pilgrim from Kwara, who expressed satisfaction with the services being rendered, urged the pilgrims to pray for speedy recovery of President Muhammadu Buhari.

Abiola appealed to leaders in Nigeria to borrow a leaf from their Saudi counter parts who provide basic social amenities for their citizens.

Malam Isa Muhammad, a pilgrim from Nasarawa State, also applauded the Federal Government for securing accommodation for pilgrims close to Haram which had prevented them from road traffic and trekking long distance.

The News Agency of Nigeria (NAN) reports that feeding and accommodation arrangements were among the major reforms introduced by NAHCON to ensure Nigerian pilgrims get value for their money.

NAN also reports that no fewer than 40, 0000 pilgrims from different states of the federation had been transported to Medina out of which about 20,000 had been move to Mecca to commence their hajj rite. (NAN)

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Hajj 2017: Nigerian Pilgrims Troop To Makkah From Madinah

As the airlift of Pilgrims from Nigeria to Saudi Arabia enters its second week this Sunday, about 9,347 of the over 26,000 pilgrims airlifted to Madinah has been moved to Makkah.

The inaugural flight conveying pilgrims from the Federal Capital Territory took off from the Nnamdi Azikiwe International Airport Abuja on Sunday, July 30, 2017.

Since then, 26,950 pilgrims have been airlifted to Madinah and Jiddah in 26 flights by the registered air carriers; Max Air, Fly Nas and Medview airlines.

By tradition, most intending pilgrims are taken to Madina first where they spend at least 8 days observing obligatory prayers in the prophets Holy Mosque and visiting some Islamic holy sites in the city of the prophet.

Deputy Coordinator in charge of Madina operations for the National Hajj Commission of Nigeria, NAHCON, Mallam Ahmad Maigari said more flights are expected into both Jeddah and Madinah on Friday.

” So far, both the airlift from Nigeria and movement to Makkah from Madinah is going on smoothly without any hitch”

” Insha Allah, we would have over 10,000 pilgrims in Makkah by the end of this weekend and all of them have settled in their various accommodations,” he said.

Also, the head of media operations for this year’s hajj, Adamu Abdullahi, said pilgrims have been cooperating with officials which, he said, is responsible ” for the success being recorded so far”.

Mallam Abdullahi also called on Pilgrims to always bring to the notice of officials ” any perceived concern for adequate response “.

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#HallelujahChallenge: Midnight Worship Session Ends With Music Concert In Lagos

#HallelujahChallenge, the viral midnight worship/prayer session on social media reached a climax with the Hallelujah Festival, an event held at The Glitz Events Centre in Lagos on Wednesday, 28 June, 2017.

Convened by popular gospel artiste, Nathaniel Bassey, participants in the challenge grew from 4,000 in the first week to over 70,000 live worshippers at its peak.

The session sparked a frenzy on social media, successfully breaking religious and interdenominational divide, with several Nigerian celebrities participating in the session and sharing testimonies.

The Instagram Live worship session wrapped up with a concert attracting worshippers in their thousands.

Speaking at the event, Nathaniel Bassey said the miracles and testimonies experienced during the challenge was just the beginning of greater things to come. He added that God is set to do mighty things upon the earth through the church.

Music ministers at the festival came from across the country to fellowship as they led worshippers to extol the majesty of God.

Artistes who performed at the event include Victoria Orenze, Chingtok Ishiaku, Olumide Iyun, Glowriah Braimah, Mairo Ese, and Kaystrings.

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