Friday Sermon: They Threw Away The Book Of Allah Behind Their Backs As If They Did Not Know, By Imam Murthada Gusau

In The Name Of Allah, The Beneficent, The Merciful

All perfect praise be to Allah, The Lord of the Worlds. I testify that there is none worthy of worship except Allah, and that Muhammad is His Servants and Messenger.

Dear Brothers and Sisters! The objectives of my today’s Sermon is to recall the main parts of the marriage ceremony, to consider the importance of marriage in Islam, and to condemn the activities of those Muslims playing with and mocking their creator (Allah) in their marriage celebrations.

Dear Servants of Allah! The forthcoming union of the daughter of Africa’s richest billionaire, Alhaji Aliko Dangote and the pilot son of former Inspector General (IG) of Police, Alhaji MD Abubakar, promises to be the mother of all weddings. The high profile wedding ceremony between Fatima Dangote and Jamilu Abubakar is reportedly scheduled to hold in March 2018.

As the wedding bells ring for the couple, their families are planning to spare no expense in giving them the treat of a grand wedding celebration. According to the reports, about five presidents in the world and all the past presidents of Nigeria are billed to attend the wedding. Likewise, world’s renowned billionaire philanthropist and Microsoft boss, Bill Gate, has confirmed his intent to attend the wedding in March at the prestigious Eko Hotels and Suites, Lagos.

My Respected people! The first phase of Fatima Dangote’s wedding to Jamilu Abubakar kicked off in a grand-style last week.

As mentioned, Fatima is the daughter of billionaire businessman and Africa’s richest man, Alhaji Aliko Dangote while Jamilu is the pilot son of former Inspector General of Police, Alhaji Mohammed Dikko Abubakar.

A pre-wedding dinner held in Kano state to officially mark the commencement of the traditional rites.

The event was attended by friends, well-wishers, associates and family members of both Dangote and the Abubakar families.

The wedding will take place on Thursday, March 15 in the ancient city of Kanon Dabo.

The nuptial ceremony will climax in Lagos state at the Eko Hotel and Suites, Lagos on Saturday, March 24.

Congratulations to Fatima Dangote and Jamilu Abubakar. I’m wishing you a happy marriage life. May Allah bless you and shower His blessings on you and Allah unite you both in goodness. Ameen.

And I salute Alhaji Aliko Dangote, the Fatima’s father, who says he does not want alcohol served at his daughter’s wedding.

Aliko Dangote reportedly says there should be no alcohol when his daughter ties the knot in March.

Several media outlets say that the decision is religion-based. And Alhamdulillah, the billionaire father of the bride and the groom’s father are both good Muslims, as is the couple.

In accordance with Islamic doctrines, guests will reportedly not be entertained with alcohol when the ceremony happens next month at the convention centre of Eko Hotel and Suites, Victoria Island, Lagos.

Respected Brothers and Sisters! In the other hand, Allah the Most High said:

“And when We intend to destroy a city (town or a country), We command its affluent, its well-to-do, its elites, its big men (to obey Allah) but they defiantly disobey therein; so the word (i.e., deserved decree, deserved punishment) comes into effect upon it, and We destroy it with (complete) destruction. And how many have We destroyed from the generations after Prophet Nuh (Noah). And sufficient is your Lord, concerning the sins of His servants, as Acquainted and Seeing.” [Qur’an, 17: 16 -17]

And He the Almighty said:

“And when there came to them a Messenger from Allah confirming what was with them, a party of those who were given the Scripture threw away the Book of Allah behind their backs as if they did not know!” [Qur’an, 2: 101]

My beloved people! If you can recall, recently, Ibadan, the Oyo State capital, literally became a Makkah of sorts, as personalities from all walks of life converged on the ancient city to grace the talk-of the-town wedding reception of Idris and Fatima, son and daughter of Governor Abiola Ajimobi of Oyo State and his Kano State counterpart, Alhaji Abdullahi Umar Ganduje.

The memory of the wedding reception, held at the renovated Agodi gardens on Saturday, which would continue to register in the minds of people for a long time, had in attendance the prominent Nigerians who converged on Agodi Gardens to celebrate with the couple and their families.

Actually, without any doubt, the glamorous wedding of Fatima Ganduje and Idris Ajimobi, children of two Nigerian governors, is a disgrace to Islam and Muslims, as the wedding witnessed a flurry of unislamic activities both in Kano and Ibadan running for several days. Wallahi the bride and groom did not conduct themselves with decorum and respect and actually all the blames will go back to their parents for not guiding them do the right thing.

For God’s sake look at what happened in Kano and Ibadan. That thing really upset every sensible and positive thinking Muslim. The daughter of the governor cuddling in the presence of people. Yet it was the same state that sanctioned an actress (Rahama Sadau) for cuddling someone in a musical video. Now the daughter of the governor has done it openly which means it is now legal.

Respected Brothers and Sisters! Fatimah Ganduje is a daughter of Muslim serving leader, someone nicknamed himself “KHADIMUL ISLAM”, a Governor of sort from the core north, a state with high expectations of Islamic and moral teaching background in the country. The groom, Idris, is also a Muslim, his father, Governor Abiola Ajimobi a Muslim. Yet with all that, they throw it away because of the luxury and parental support they has of doing whatever they needs without shame and without stop. Islam does not allow you or anyone to be quite in a situation that warranted such acts of immorality in the society.

Please where is the so-called Hisbah in the state? Is your Hisbah work finish only at policing the activities of the poor man? Talaka bawan Allah! Haba Nigerians, is this the kind of people we elect as our leaders? Let the people of Kano fear Allah. This is the height of immorality, and to also remind you of what happened to many past disobedient people and nations. You should not provoke Allah, you should not anger the creator of all that exist. You should wallahi be careful.

Allah the Most High said:

“And when they angered Us, when they provoked Us, We took retribution from them and drowned them all. And We made them a precedent and an example for the later peoples.” [Qur’an, 43: 55]

Dear Servants of Allah! As the show of indecency, immorality and flamboyance continued by the Ganduje’s and Ajimobi’s amidst increasing poverty, hunger, squalor and Almajiri problems  in the land, the question to ask by every right thinking person is, can Governor Abdullahi Umar Ganduje actually be a so-called “KHADIMUL ISLAM” (i.e. The supporter, uplifter and helper of Islam) or a HADIMUL ISLAM (the destroyer of Islam)? Is Governor Abdullahi Umar Ganduje in control of his house? How can such a character be trusted with a huge and challenging public responsibility like managing Kano State? Even Desert Herald Newspaper can reveal to us that over N400m of Kano’s resources was wasted in a marriage that is doomed to fail due to the  withdrawal of blessings by Allah the Almighty, unless if they repent and seek the pardon and forgiveness from Him Subhanahu wa ta’ala.

Dear Servants of Allah! A brother and a social media user, Mallam Gimba Kakanda shared a post saying:

“So some of our Arewa girls want a “Yoruba demon” like Ajimobi’s son, Idris, to press their breasts in public in the name of love. We are sorry that we weren’t raised that way. If that’s how you want to be loved, perhaps you should meet Fatima Ganduje for tips. It’s amusing to find out that Hisbah only police the morality of the poor. This has been my case against the brand of Shari’ah our elite introduced in Northern Nigeria, where Rahama Sadau is vilified for the very “indecency” the politician’s daughters are celebrated, where Danlami the Shopkeeper is punished and humiliated in public for stealing N1000 while the politician who stole N1,000,000,000 enjoys royal treatment in the same society. I’m not for morality policing, but such hypocrisy bites me. You see, this country is a beautiful place, a place of vast opportunities. It just isn’t for the poor. Being poor is itself a crime in Nigeria.”

My people! In Islam, the establishment of justice is one of the most essential  goals in the sending of the Prophets and in revealing the divine  scriptures [See Qur’an, 57: 25]. The just people are loved by Allah [See Qur’an, 60: 8] while the unjust will face the fire of Hell [See Qur’an, 72:15].

The Prophet once observed:

“Allah does not bless a community in which the weak cannot take  from the strong what is rightfully theirs without fear of reprisal.” [Sunan Ibn Majah]

Deviation from the path of justice is not allowed, even when it concerns one’s opponent or enemy [See Qur’an, 5: 8]. The leader and the led, the rich and the poor, black and white, should be treated equally before law, without any discrimination or distinction of race, colour, sex, language, religion, region, class, political affiliation, birth or other status. The following incident illustrate how strictly this  ideal was religiously maintained in the early phase of Islam in  accordance with Islamic doctrines and commandments. A woman  by the name of Fatimah, belonging to the Banu Makhzum tribe,  once committed a theft. Her kinsfolk, fearing that her hand would  be amputated, sent Usamah Ibn Zayd to intercede with the Prophet  on her behalf. When the Prophet heard this preplanned intercession, signs of anger appeared on his face saying:

“Are you trying to sway me as to the limits laid down by Allah?” He asked!

Usamah Ibn Zayd immediately admitted his mistake and begged  the Prophet to pray on his behalf for forgiveness. The Prophet then  delivered a powerful Sermon to those assembled there saying:

“Communities of old came to grief and destruction because of the  disparity and leniency shown to those in high positions when they  committed such an offence. On the contrary, any offender of  humble origin or lowly status in society had harsh punishment  meted out to him. By Allah, if my own daughter Fatimah were  to steal, I would have her hand cut  off.” [Bukhari and Muslim]

Respected Brothers and Sisters! Know that, in Islam, marriage is a legal union between a man and woman without which they cannot be together. The Prophet (Peace and blessings be upon him) considered marriage to be a part of Sunnah, then he added:

“Whoever turns away from my Sunnah is not from me.”

In another narration, he said:

“O young people, those of you who can support a wife should marry, for marriage controls the gaze and protects the private parts from prohibited acts. And if one is unable to marry, he should fast for it is a shield.” [Bukhari and Muslim]

This narration is guidance from the Prophet (Peace and blessings be upon him) directed towards the Muslim youth specifically, due to the fact that desires and lusts in the young adults are stronger and thus the need for them to marry is greater. For this reason, he (Peace and blessings be upon him) encouraged them with marriage. Allah stated:

“Say [O Prophet] to the believing men to lower their gazes and to guard their chastity for that is purer for them. Indeed Allah is All-aware of what they do. And tell the believing women to lower their gazes and to guard their chastity..” [Qur’an, 24: 30-31]

So looking at the opposite sex has inherent dangers that a person cannot escape from except by three affairs:

1. To lower the gaze and not to hold glances.

2. Marriage for the one who is able to do so.

3. Fasting for the one who is not able to marry, for it is a shield.

Allah (the Most High) stated:

“And let those who cannot find the financial means for marriage keep themselves chaste until Allah enriches them from His Bounty.” [Qur’an, 24: 33]

And from being chaste is lowering the gaze and keeping away from the places of tribulation, and to avoid freely-mixing with the opposite sex as all of these are means to tribulation as is known to every intelligent and wise person. Allah the Almighty stated:

“And marry those amongst you who are single and the righteous of your male and female servants. If they are poor, Allah will enrich them out of His bounty.” [Qur’an, 24: 32]

Marriage is strongly recommended in Islam and most Muslims believe that it is their duty to marry and have children as the Prophet (Peace and blessings be upon him) did. Marriage is celebrated in different ways in different parts of the Muslim world.

But there are common key features legislated in Islam: The willing consent of both parties, the consent of the guardian for his ward (usually a daughter) to marry, the presence of two just Muslim witnesses, and the giving of the dowry to the bride by the groom.

1. Willing consent: Both parties must willingly agree to the marriage in front of at least two trustworthy Muslim witnesses. This is to make sure that no one is forced to marry because forced-marriages are forbidden in Islam. The Prophet (Peace and blessings be upon him) allowed a woman to have her marriage cancelled when she complained that she was married to a man without her consent. The Prophet stated:

“A previously married woman (Bazawara) cannot be married off until she is consulted, and a virgin (Budurwa) cannot be married off until she gives her consent.” He was asked: “And how does she give consent?” He replied: “By her silence (if she is shy to speak).” [Bukhari and Muslim]

The great Scholar and Faqih (Jurist), Shaykh Salih Al-Fawzan stated that:

“This narration is also a proof that a woman is not compelled or forced into marriage, regardless of whether she is a virgin or previously married. And those who make a difference between a virgin and a woman previously married by saying: “It is allowed to compel the virgin into marriage, but not a woman who has been previously married”, then this distinction is not correct and opposes the evidence.”

Ibn Abbas said:

“A virgin girl came to the Prophet and stated that her father had married her off against her will. So Allah’s Messenger allowed her to choose [to either stay with him or to leave him].” [Ahmad, Abu Dawud and Ibn Majah]

Yet you still find those who oppose this claiming that the guardian has a right to compel a woman under his care. So this narration is a clear evidence in this matter.

Each person is simply asked if they will accept the other as their husband or wife. When they answer “yes”, and the guardian agrees, the witnesses bear witness, the dowry is stated and accepted, then two copies of the marriage contract are signed by all those involves. One copy is kept in the Mosque or Islamic centre and the other with the married couple. Though the signing of the contract is not a condition, it is however deemed to be better since a record of the marriage contract is useful when disputes arise over what was agreed, or when travelling to other lands or when a written proof is requested by a judge etc.

2. The contract: The marriage contract is drawn up by the couple and their families. It sets out what each partner can expect from the other. Some modern-day contracts mention what will happen “if the marriage fails” and ends in divorce. Traditional contracts see no need for such additions since the success and failure of a marriage is in the Hand of Allah and then upon the couple to make it work. And if it fails, then Shari’ah Law decides the course of action. Marriage contracts, written or otherwise have existed since the earliest of times. A husband may include in the contract that she lives with his elderly parents, or assist him with children from a previous marriage. A wife may request in the contract that she is allowed to drive or get an online degree or request from her husband that he provides for children from a previous marriage.

* Roles in Marriage:

– Role of the wife:

1. Bring up and train her children as Muslims.

2. Run the home efficiently.

3. Obey her husband unless he orders her to break Allah’s law.

4. Dress with a correct Hijab (or a Muslim dress) when outside the home.

5. Be faithful and not to have prohibited relationships with men outside of marriage.

– Role of the husband:

1. Always act towards his wife according to the teachings of Islam.

2. Support his family and provide them with food, clothing, shelter and access to education, according to his power.

3. Be faithful and not have prohibited relationships with women outside of marriage.

3. The dowry: The husband is commanded by the Qur’an and Sunnah to give a dowry which is a wedding gift of money or possessions to his wife. She may do with it whatever she pleases.

4. The permission of the guardian. The presence of a “waliy” i.e. a guardian. So a marriage is not sound and correct except with a guardian who contracts the marriage for the woman and gives his permission. If she was to marry herself, then the marriage would be invalid. The Prophet (Peace and blessings be upon him) stated:

“There is no marriage except with a guardian.” [Ahmad and Abu Dawud]

And in another narration, he said:

“There is no marriage except with a guardian and two witnesses.” [Ibn Hibban and others]

The guardian is the closest male blood relative on her father’s side beginning with the father. As for her blood relatives through her mother, such as the maternal uncle, or her grandfather on her mother’s side, or her brother through her mother but not through her father, or the son of her maternal aunt, then all of these are male relatives from her mother’s side – and from this side they are not considered as her guardians. Rather her guardians are males from the father’s side beginning with the closest (i.e. her father) then the next in closeness. And if she does not have a guardian, then her guardian is the Muslim leader (like Sultan, Emir, judge or Imam), as will be discussed later – and this is due to the fact that the leader is the guardian of the one who has no guardian. A non-Muslim cannot be a guardian in marriage. The Prophet stated:

“Any woman who gets married without the permission of her guardian (waliy), then her marriage is invalid.”

He repeated it three times. Then he said:

“If he consummates with her, she is entitled to the dowry due to his making permissible her private parts. And if they dispute over her guardianship, then the leader is the guardian of the one who has no guardian.” [Abu Dawud and Ibn Majah]

Shaykh Al-Fawzan and other Fuqaha (jurists) state:

“If a woman’s guardians dispute, and differ between themselves or the woman differs with her guardians over a marriage partner – and she is in the right (after investigation), then the guardianship transfers to the leader or to the deputy of the leader (such as the Sultan, Emir, a court judge or an Imam). In the non-Muslim countries, it is those who take the role or the place of the leader in this affair, such as the Islamic centres (i.e. those in charge of them). So that would be the head of an Islamic organisation, or the head of an Islamic centre, who takes on the role of the guardian, because he has the role of religious responsibility, and takes on the role of guardianship. So this would be the case for women who convert to Islam.

If her father prevents her from marriage, then the guardianship is transferred from him to another near relative. And if there is no near relative, then it is transferred to the leader and so on. So the affairs are under the guidelines of the Shari’ah, not disorderly or chaotic.

5. Witnesses: The presence of two witnesses to the contract of marriage. And they must be trustworthy.

* The Pillars of the Marriage (Nikah) are:

Making the proposal of marriage and accepting it; both parties, the bride and groom are free from any impediment or obstacle that prevents the marriage from going ahead and being concluded.

* The Conditions of Marriage are four:

1. The guardian’s permission – and he is the father or whoever he appoints, or whoever takes his place (if the father has died or is a non-Muslim).

2. Two just Muslim witnesses.

3. The willingness of both the bride and the groom, each one being pleased with the other and making that known at the time of the marriage (i.e. the aqd an-Nikah).

4. That both parties are named, the groom is named and the bride is named. It is not sufficient that the guardian merely states:

“I have hereby married my daughter to you.”

Rather he must name her specifically because it is possible that he has a few daughters, so it is not known which one he has married off.

Likewise, it is not said:

“I have married her to your son.”

Because he may have a few sons, so it is not known which one. So it is necessary to name each of them.

6. Spreading news of the marriage: Shaykh Al-Fawzan stated:

“It is obligatory, or even a condition according to some of the Scholars to spread the news of the marriage. Either way, it is a must to do so – and the intent behind announcing the marriages is that they are not kept secret. The Prophet said:

“Announce the marriages.” [Ahmad and Al-Hakim]

He also said:

“Announce this marriage and strike the drum for it.” [Tirmidhi and Ibn Majah]

The beating of the “Duff” (drum) by the women in marriage ceremony is a type of announcing because whoever hears it, comes to know that a marriage has taken place – and they rejoice, and the people supplicate for the marriage to be blessed. This is not to be accompanied by other haram/prohibited musical instruments and display of nudity, as that is prohibited by textual evidence. As for specifically playing the drum, then it is allowed on the occasions of marriage for the purpose of announcing the marriage and happiness.

From the types of announcing is to carry out a “walimah” (a meal or feast for invited guests), either upon the contract of the marriage or upon the consummation of the marriage. The Prophet (Peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) said:

“Perform a walimah (a wedding feast for guests) even if it is with one sheep.” [Bukhari and Muslim]

The wedding ceremony and walimah in Islam take place in an environment of segregation between the sexes – in separate rooms or halls. A marriage unites two families and brings together communities and strengthens bonds of brotherhood in Islam. In British law, for example, this contract is not legally binding. There will have to be a civil ceremony as well as if the husband and wife want the rights that British law gives to married couples.

Muslims are strongly encouraged to treat marriage as a lifelong commitment. They are required to keep to the marriage contract. Islam allows divorce if the marriage breaks down, wal iyazubillah.

* No secret marriage in Islam

Dear Servants of Allah! As said earlier, it is a condition of a sound marriage that it be announced and attested to publicly. A secret marriage, which is only witnessed by a few people in private, is potentially harmful to those affected by it, as it almost always involves deception, and it is even more so if a man marries an additional wife in secret and without her consent.

Allah the Almighty said:

“Marry them with the permission of their families and give them their due as is good, chaste women, neither fornicators nor secret mistresses.” [Qur’an, 4:25]

Scholars have said that this verse prohibits secret marriages, by drawing an analogy between a ‘secret mistress’ and a secret marriage.

Imam Ibn Taymiyyah said:

“Imam Malik obligated announcing the marriage in public. A secret marriage is a type of prostitution. Allah the Almighty said: Chaste women, neither fornicators nor secret mistresses. [Qur’an, 4:25] Thus, a secret marriage is a type of secret mistress.” [Majmu’ al-Fatawa]

Scholars also refer to the statements of the Prophet (Peace and blessings be upon him) commanding the announcement of marriages in public.

Aisha reported that: The Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings be upon him) said:

“Announce this marriage publicly, conduct it in the Mosque, and strike the drums for it.” [Sunan al-Tirmidhi]

Muhammad Ibn Hatib reported that: The Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him, said:

“The difference between an unlawful and lawful marriage is the beating of drums and the raising of voices.” [Sunan al-Tirmidhi]

Based upon this evidence, it is said that a marriage conducted in secret is invalid and annulled.

Shaykh Abu Bakr Abdul Aziz said:

“A secret marriage is invalid, as Imam Ahmad said: If he is married with a guardian’s permission and two witnesses, it is not so until it is announced publicly.” [al-Mughni of Imam Ibn Qudamah]

Some scholars said that a secret marriage is valid, meaning it is in legal effect and cannot be annulled, even though it is disapproved to do so.

Imam Ibn Qudamah said:

“If the marriage is contracted with a guardian and two witnesses, but he keeps it secret or conceals its attestation, that is disapproved but the marriage is valid.” [al-Mughni]

The important point here is that the legal ‘validity’ of an act does not mean it is ethical or morally sound. If some scholars accept the validity of a secret marriage, that in no way implies they are endorsing or encouraging the act.

Nevertheless, many and majority of the scholars said that a secret marriage is not only invalid, but it is also a type of adultery. Umar Ibn Al-Khattab was particularly strict about this matter.

Abu Az-Zubair reported that: Umar Ibn Al-Khattab, may Allah be pleased with him, was presented with a marriage which no one had witnessed except one man and one woman. Umar said:

“This is a secret marriage and I do not permit it. If I had known of it beforehand, I would have stoned them.” [al-Muwatta of Imam Malik]

And Ibn Taymiyyah said:

“As for a secret marriage, the attestation of which is concealed and witnessed by no one, it is invalid according to the prevalent opinion of scholars. It is a type of illicit intercourse.” [Majmu’ al-Fatawa]

Thus, secret marriages are forbidden in Islam as they resemble adultery, or at the very least they are morally disapproved. Believing men who fear Allah would be wise to avoid contracting a secret marriage, especially if they are marrying a second wife behind the backs of their first wives and their families.

Please, Fatima Aliko Dangote and Jamilu MD Abubakar, I want you to show to the world that you are good Muslims with good Islamic upbringing and training in your marriage ceremony. Do not do as others do. Do not put your religion to shame and disgrace. Know that Allah is watching you and all what you are doing. This is my Nasihah (an advice) to you and to every Muslim on their marriage celebrations. May Allah bless your union, ameen.

All praise is due to Allah, Lord of the worlds. May the peace, blessings and salutations of Allah be upon our Noble Messenger, Muhammad, and upon his family, his Companions and his true followers.

Ya Allah, Who saved Prophet Yunus from fish, Prophet Ibrahim from fire, Prophet Musa from fir’awn, Prophet Yusuf from well and Prophet Muhammad (Peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) from Quraysh, save us from every difficulties of life, turn all our expectations into reality, because you turn egg into bird, seed into tree, fluids into human, hardship into relief and cloud into rain. Answer our secret prayers and prosper the work of our hands. Ameen Ya Rabbal Aalamin.

This Jumu’ah Khutbah (Friday Sermon) was prepared for delivery today, Friday, Jumadal-Thani 28, 1439 AH (March 16, 2018), by Imam Murtadha Muhammad Gusau, the Chief Imam of Nagazi-Uvete Jumu’ah and late Alhaji Abdurrahman Okene’s Mosques, Okene Kogi State, Nigeria. He can be reached via: gusaumurtada@gmail.com or +2348038289761.

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O You Who Believe: Have Fear Of Allah And Be With The Truthful, By Imam Murtadha Gusau

In The Name Of Allah, The Beneficent, The Merciful

All perfect praise be to Allah, The Lord of the Worlds. I testify that there is none worthy of worship except Allah, and that Muhammad is His Servants and Messenger.

Respected Nigerians! If you can remember, when President Goodluck Ebele Jonathan in 2015 after visiting the Victims of Nyanya Bomb blast, and when the Chibok girls were kidnapped, was off to and headed for Kano to dance, people, including President Muhammadu Buhari criticized him as being inhumane and insensitive, but now that the Dapchi girls were abducted and President Buhari and his supporters considered attending the wedding ceremony in Kano more important, all in a bid to get votes (the same thing Jonathan did), and the same people who attacked and blasted Jonathan are now screaming sai Baba Buhari. Now I understand and realised that the leaders are not the only Nigeria’s problems, the hypocrisy of the followers too. Watch out my friend, the victims themselves, the oppressed who are bearing all the suffering will be the first to come here to defend this recklessness. You will soon hear them screaming sai Baba. Wallahi, until Nigerians begin to get serious and disciplined with things that really matter, i.e. priorities, NOTHING IS GOING TO CHANGE. It is your choice.

Remember Dear Nigerians! How President Muhammadu Buhari at that time used all manner of uncouth language to destructively criticize Goodluck Ebele Jonathan and his party, the PDP.

Barely 48hrs when Rann in Borno state was attacked and sacked by Boko Haram terrorists, when the ethnic-religious crisis and killings is still going on in Kaduna, Adamawa and Benue states, when the attacks on innocent souls is still happening in Zamfara state, when many people were killed, several others injured and many houses burned to ashes in fresh attacks on communities, in Nyiwa, Nguroje and Yerimaru areas in Sardauna local government, Taraba State, President Buhari is in Kano attending a wedding ceremony, looking for Kanawa’s votes in 2019 election. And he is yet to visit any of the troubled states in Nigeria as at today.

Dear Mr. President! Please, after pleasing Governors Ganduje and Ajimobi by attending their children’s wedding ceremony in Kano, I beg you for Allah’s sake to kindly visit Dapchi mothers. Wallahi I know, seeing you would greatly give them hope and reduce their pains. But if it is true that you are on the side of the masses.

Haba Baba Buhari! You visited Kano for wedding celebration of the daughters of Ganduje and Ajimobi but couldn’t visit Dapchi where 110 school girls were abducted by Boko Haram or Benue, or Zamfara, Adamawa or Taraba?

Remember, ?the way you screamed when Chibok girls abducted, and the way you blasted Goodluck Jonathan. Wallahi we thought that you will be in the bush for now in Lake Chad looking for Dapchi girls to be rescued.?

How I wish you visit Dapchi to sympathise with the parents of the missing girls instead of attending Ganduje daughter’s wedding celebration in Kano. Is it because Governor Ganduje promised you five millions “underaged” votes while the Governor of Yobe did not? Or is it because your priority is your political ambition not the well being of the poor masses?

Respected Servants of Allah! Now wallahi any responsible person knows that Boko Haram terrorists is not completely defeated or  technically, spiritually, psychologically defeated or decimated as they always wanted us to understand!

And wallahi recent events happening in the country show that the President identifies with the elite more than with the common man. If you once believed or still believe the president had masses at heart, you are dreaming and it’s time you renounced the belief.

Dear Brothers and Sisters! I wrote this because I was extremely moved by the fact that while people were being killed at Sardauna local government area, on the Mambila Plateau of Taraba state; at Borno, Yobe, Zamfara, Adamawa, Kaduna etc, but President Muhammadu Buhari remained in Kano to celebrate the wedding of Governor Ganduje’s daughter. I also find it insensitive that Northern state governors also celebrated in Kano with Buhari while their people are being killed, and most of them even refused to pay the workers in their states their salary.

I can recalled that part of the negligence that consumed the previous administration of Goodluck Jonathan was his campaigning in Kano at the time people were dying at Nyanya and Chibok girls abducted.

Mr. President, State Governors and all our elected representatives at all levels should, therefore, note that their neglect to act decisively in this circumstance will definitely form part of the burdens they would have to carry to the 2019 polls In Shaa Allah.

Our Problems in this country lies on us and their solutions lies with us. 2019 is another chance set aside for us to replace the problems with solutions, by the grace and power of Almighty Allah.

We must be sincere to ourselves, we must fear Allah and be always with the truthful.

Respected Brothers and Sisters! Ask the average person to define truthfulness and the answer will most likely be restricted to something about truthful speech. Islam, however, teaches that truthfulness is far more than having an honest tongue. In Islam, truthfulness is the conformity of the outer with the inner, the action with the intention, the speech with belief, and the practice with the preaching. As such, truthfulness is the very cornerstone of the upright Muslim’s character and the springboard for his virtuousness deeds.

The great sage and scholar of Islam, Imam Ibn al-Qayyim, said:

“Truthfulness is the greatest of stations, from it sprout all the various stations of those traversing the path to Allah; and from it sprouts the upright path which if not trodden, perdition is that person’s fate. Through it is the hypocrite distinguished from the believer and the inhabitant of Paradise from the denizen of Hell. It is the sword of Allah in His earth: it is not placed on anything except that it cuts it; it does not face falsehood expect that it hunts it and vanquishes it; whoever fights with it will not be defeated; and whoever speaks it, his word will be made supreme over his opponent. It is the very essence of deeds and the well spring of spiritual states, it allows the person to embark boldly into dangerous situations, and it is the door through which one enters the presence of the One possessing Majesty. It is the foundation of the building of Islam, the central pillar of the edifice of certainty and the next level in ranking after the level of Prophethood.” [See Madarij as-Salikin]

By practicing truthfulness, a person betters himself, his life is made upright and due to it, he is elevated to praiseworthy heights and raised in ranks in the sight of Allah as well as the people. As the Prophet Muhammad, may the mercy and blessings of Allah be upon him, related:

“I order you to be truthful, for indeed truthfulness leads to righteousness, and indeed righteousness leads to Paradise. A man continues to be truthful and strives for truthfulness until he is written as a truthful person with Allah. And beware of falsehood, for indeed falsehood leads to sinning, and indeed sinning leads to the Fire. A man continues to tell lies and strives upon falsehood until he is written as a liar with Allah.” [Sahih Muslim]

So, truthfulness is something which is to be cultivated till it becomes implanted in a person’s soul and disposition and therefore reflected throughout the person’s character. Ali bin Abi Talib, the cousin and son-in-law of the Prophet Muhammad, mentioned the positive reciprocal effect of behaving truthfully with people in this worldly life. He said:

“Whoever does three things with regards to people, they will necessitate three things from him: whenever he speaks to them he is truthful; whenever they entrust him with something he does not betray them; and whenever he promises them something he fulfils it. If he does this, their hearts will love him; their tongues will praise him; and they will come to his aid.” [See Adab ash-Shari’a of Ibn Muflih]

As for the Next Life, through Allah’s Grace and Mercy, the obedient ones – practitioners of truthfulness – will reach a station in Paradise alongside those most fortunate of souls mentioned in the revelation. Allah said:

“And whosoever obeys Allah and His Messenger, such will be in the company of those whom Allah has blessed: the Prophets, the truthful ones, the martyrs, and the righteous. And how excellent a company are such people!” [Quran, 4:69]

In fact, truthfulness is an essential attribute of every single Prophet who graced the earth. We are told in the Quran:

“And mention in the Book of Ibrahim (Abraham): surely he was a most truthful Prophet.” [Quran, 19:41]

“And mention in the Book of Isma’il (Ishmael): surely, he was a man true to his word, and he was a Messenger, a Prophet.” [Quran, 19:54]

“And mention in the Book of Idris (Enoch): surely he was a most truthful Prophet.” [Quran, 19:56]

We also read in the Quran how a man incarcerated alongside the Prophet Yusuf (Joseph) addressed him with the words:

“Yusuf (Joseph)! O most truthful one!…” [Quran, 12:46]

And that Maryam (Mary), the mother of Isa (Jesus), was also declared truthful in the Words of Allah:

“The Messiah (Isa/Jesus), son of Maryam (Mary), was no more than a Messenger; many were the Messengers that passed away before him. His mother  (Maryam) was a truthful one, a Believer….” [Quran, 5:75]

And the Companions of Allah’s Messenger, the “believers” mentioned time and time again in the Quran, also reached the lofty ranks of the truthful ones:

“The believers are but those people who believed in Allah and His Messenger without ever feeling doubt thereafter, and strove with their souls and possessions in the way of Allah; those are the ones who are the truthful.” [Quran, 49:15]

Hence, to tread the path of truthfulness is to tread the path of the most righteous of Allah’s creation. And as for ways and means to engender this most noble of virtues into our daily lives, then we have been left an ocean of teachings from Allah’s Final Messenger to humanity, the Prophet Muhammad, detailing and describing precisely what the virtue, nay!, the injunction of truthfulness requires. One from among these vast and numerous sayings of Allah’s Messenger is his plea:

“Guarantee for me six things and I will guarantee Paradise for you: tell the truth when you speak, fulfill your promises, be faithful when you are trusted, safeguard your private parts, lower your gaze, and withhold your hands (from harming others).” [Reported by Ubaadah in As-Sahihah]

And Allah confirmed the truthfulness of these words of His Beloved Messenger with His Own True Word. He said:

“For Muslim men and women, for believing men and women, for devout men and women, for truthful men and women, for patient men and women, for humble men and women, for charitable men and women, for fasting men and women, for men and women who guard their chastity, and for men and women who engage much in Allah’s praise: for them has Allah prepared forgiveness and a great reward.” [Quran, 33:35]

Respected Brothers and Sisters! Just as truthfulness is the very cornerstone of the upright person’s character and the springboard for his virtuousness, falsehood, its opposite, is the foundation of a person’s depravity and the launch pad for his wickedness. Just as the truthfulness of a person starts from within – that is, it is a reflection of a state of true faith – a person’s dishonesty, lying and deceit is also a reflection of the inner state. This is why Allah mentions truthfulness as being the opposite of hypocrisy:

“That Allah may reward the truthful for their truthfulness, and punish the hypocrites if He wills, or turn mercifully towards them…” [Quran, 33:24]

And why He mentions sincerity as a mark of truthfulness:

“So that Allah might recompense the truthful for their truthfulness….”

Little wonder then that the most righteous and truthful of people, the Prophets of Allah and their true followers, were not belied, denounced, opposed, oppressed and rejected except by those who were given to dishonesty, deceit and hypocrisy.

“It is only those who believe not in the Signs of Allah, who fabricate falsehood, and it is they who are the liars.” [Quran, 16:105]

That is regards to falsehood in faith. As for falsehood in deed, Allah states in the Quran:

“…that He may try you, which of you is the best in deeds.” [Quran, 67:2]

A great scholar from the early period of Islam, Fudail Ibn Iyad, commented on this verse, explaining:

“‘which of you is the best in deeds’ means ‘the most sincere and correct.’ If the deed is sincere and not correct, it will not be accepted, and if it is correct and not sincere, it will not be accepted. It will not be accepted until it is both sincere and correct!”

One everyday example of where sincerity and correction of action are often subverted by falsehood is in the buying and selling of goods. Hence we find the Prophet saying:

“If they (two parties meeting to trade) are truthful and clarify (any and all deficiency in their goods), their transaction will be blessed. But if they lie and conceal (any deficiency in their goods), the blessings of their transaction will be eradicated.” [Reported by Hakim bin Hizam, in Sahih Al-Bukhari and Sahih Muslim]

And what of falsehood in speech? Falsehood of the tongue, or what is more commonly referred to as lying, is a characteristic roundly rejected by the entire world – even if its inhabitants may fall into it from time to time. After all, if Allah would punish his last and greatest Prophet in case he were to lie…

“If he (Prophet Muhammad) had invented false sayings concerning Us, We would surely have grasped him firmly, and then cut off the artery of his heart, and none of you could have withheld Us from doing this.” [Quran, 69:44-7]

…then how could lying be acceptable from anyone else besides His Prophet?! And he, the Prophet Muhammad, the Truthful One, said:

“A slave’s faith will not be upright until his heart is upright, and his heart will not be upright until his tongue is upright, and a man whose neighbour is not safe from his harm will not enter Paradise.” [Reported by Anas bin Malik, in As-Sahihah]

Again, the Prophet said:

“A person lies and lies, until he is written with Allah as a habitual liar.” [Sahih Al-Bukhari]

Thus, the habitual liar is despised, truly and thoroughly despised, by all – even his own kind – as no-one can trust a liar, not even other liars. And just as clarity in speech is a sign of truthfulness, so then ambiguity, innuendo, sarcasm and every other form of deception and trickery of the tongue is denounced in Islam. Even lying in jest has been condemned by the Prophet when he said:

“I guarantee a house in the middle of Paradise for the one who leaves off lying even if it be in jest.” [Reported by Abu Umamah, in At-Tirmidhi]

…and his saying:

“Woe to the person who lies to make people laugh (or to make people happy! Woe to him, woe to him!” [Abu Dawud]

The Prophet’s closest friend and immediate temporal successor, Abu Bakr as-Siddiq (i.e. the truthful – so named by the Prophet due to the truthfulness of his faith), further said:

“Beware of lying, for lying opposes (true) faith.” [Bayhaqi in Shu’ab al-Iman]

And the daughter of Abu Bakr, Aisha, who was the beloved wife of the Prophet, mentioned that:

“There was no trait more abhorrent to the Messenger of Allah, may the mercy and blessings of Allah be upon him, than lying.” [Ahmad in Musnad]

Suffice as a deterrence from lying is its being listed as a trait of that most wretched of conditions: hypocrisy. The Prophet Muhammad said:

“The signs of the hypocrite are three: when he speaks he lies; when he makes an oath he breaks it; and when he is entrusted with something he betrays that trust.” [Reported by Abu Hurairah, in Al-Bukhari and Muslim]

Not only do we learn about the abhorrence of directly lying itself, but Islam also mercifully educates us as to the dangers of all that which indirectly leads to lying and insincerity.

Again from Aisha we learn that the Prophet would invoke his Lord, praying:

“O Allah! I seek refuge with you from all sins, and from being in debt.” When asked: “O Messenger of Allah! You frequently seek refuge with Allah from being in debt!” The Prophet of Allah replied: “If a person is in debt, he tells lies when he speaks, and breaks his promises when he promises.” [Sahih Al-Bukhari]

In the same vain, the Prophet explicitly ordered his followers to:

“Leave that which causes you doubt for that which does not cause you doubt. For in truthfulness lies tranquility, and in lying lies doubt.” [At-Tirmidhi]

Striving for truthfulness then, in spirit, word and deed, is a matter which requires the utmost steadfastness from the believer, as well as the utmost vigilance against the dangers of falsehood, insincerity, deceit and hypocrisy:

“That Allah will reward the People of Truth for their truth, and punish the hypocrites if that be His Will, or turn to them in Mercy; for Allah is Oft- Forgiving, Most Merciful.” [Quran, 33:24]

Respected Servants of Allah! Let my detractors, those sending me a text messages that I became Kafir (unbeliever) for giving Nasihah to their god, President Buhari; those keep threatening me that my blood became halal to shed for telling their god, President Buhari to fear Allah and do what is right; those telling me that I’m the enemy of Muslims for saying the truth to those in authority; those people who are trying to give President Buhari the position of Allah or the position of His Messenger, or that in their side, President Buhari is Ma’asumi, that wallahi, standing for the truth is what I have done all my life and will continue standing for the truth for the rest of my life In shaa Allah.

I have lost money, friends and name because I have stood for the truth, I am happy to sacrifice everything for the truth.

I do not stand for the truth for fame or name or money, it would be very foolish of anyone to think that standing for the truth would earn them fame or name. The opposite is true. It attracts a lot of opposition and causes a lot of discomfort in society.

I do not stand for the truth because I will earn a fortune, I stand for the truth because I believe in it. When you stand for the truth rarely do you gain any wealth, often it is a life of hand to mouth existence. Nowadays poverty and hardship are constant companions of those who stand for the truth.

I do not stand for the truth because I want people to praise me or to love me. When you stand for the truth you gain a huge amount of criticism. It is extremely hard to hear abuse hurled at you, people calling you with different disrespect names, people swearing at you, people calling you names and saying the most despicable and disgusting things about you. But I am happy to take them on. The foul mouthed swearing and abusive mob can swear more. I know they will regret this one day whereas I will not regret standing for the truth In Shaa Allah.

I do not stand for the truth because my life would be easy. It would have been easier to live an insignificant life by staying quiet like most people. However, standing for the truth is hard on your life. It is extremely testing and scary but I have chosen this life of striving for the truth. I have received death threats, threats of being beaten up and even threats on my family. My life and death is determined by Allah, no human being can harm me or prolong or shorten my life accept that is the decree of Allah.

Everything that Allah has written for mankind from good and bad will definitely reach him and there is no escape from it:

“No calamity befalls on the earth or in yourselves but is inscribed in the Book of Decrees (Al-Lauh Al-Mahfuz), before We bring it into existence. Verily, that is easy for Allah. In order that you may not be sad over matters that you fail to get, nor rejoice because of that which has been given to you. And Allah likes not prideful boasters.” [Al-Hadid, 22-23]

“And if Allah touches you with hurt (calamity), there is none who can remove it but He; and if He intends any good for you, there is none who can repel His Favour.” [Yunus, 108]

This verse means: that Allah has decreed the good and the bad. So if harm befalls you, then no one can lift it except Him [Allah]. So if He wants good for you [from blessings], even if all the people on earth come together they will not be able to prevent that good from you.

And the Hadith of Ibn Abbas is in accordance with this verse:

“And know, that if all the Nation come together to benefit you with a thing, they will not be able to benefit you except with what Allah has written for you. And if they come together to harm you with a thing, they will not be able to harm you except with what Allah has written for you. The pens have been lifted and the pages have dried.” [At-Tirmidhi]

I do not stand for the truth because it’s glamorous or fashionable, I stand for the truth because it is the truth. People’s right to freedom, equality and honour in general and poor’s right to equal treatment and honour in particular are some of my biggest struggles. I stand for economic and political equality of all people. I stand for fairness and non discrimination at all levels. The champions of these struggles have laid down their lives. Wallahi I have no problem in doing the same.

The biggest truth in my life is justice and fairness. When you actively deny people their rights I will challenge you, when you systematically abuse people’s human rights I will stand up against you, when you promote evil in society I will fight you. No threats or fear will stop me from continuing in my struggle.

That is my truth. You don’t have to like me for that. You do not have to follow me. You do not have to listen to a word of what I say. I will speak and promote truth until my last breath. All I care about is my hereafter and the pleasure of my Lord. Fairness and justice is closest to Godliness. And that struggle will continue with or without you!

Yes, some may doubt me. Some may accuse me of anything they like. Others may call it hypocrisy. Yet, some would even go to the extent of calling me “THE ENEMY OF PRESIDENT MUHAMMADU BUHARI” or his “HATER.” But I can never be dissuaded from speaking just the simple truth. This is my religious orientation.

* Beware of the Politics of Idolatry

The Qur‘an teaches that whenever the love, longing, loyalty and submission which are due to Allah, are focused upon other than Him, or others along with Him, then this is shirk – idolatry; setting-up partners with Allah. For as Islam sees things, whoever loves something, desires it, values it, and centres their hopes, fears, love and loyalty around it; submitting to it independently of Allah, then this, for them, becomes a deity, a god, an object of sacrilegious worship. There are some who make a god of wealth. Some make politicians to be their gods. Others make gods of celebrities. Still others make gods of their egos and desires. The Qur’an asks:

“Have you seen him who takes his desires for his god?” [Qur’an, 25:43]

Of course we have seen them!

It is in this same vein that Ibn Rajab al-Hanbali said:

“Whoever loves something and obeys it, loving and hating for its sake, then that is his god. Whoever loves or hates only for the sake of Allah, or forms allegiances and enmity only for Him, then Allah is his god in truth. But whoever’s loving or loathing revolves around his whims, forming enmity or allegiance on its basis, then these desires are his god that he worships.” [See Jami’ al-Ulum wal Hikam]

All praise is due to Allah, Lord of the worlds. May the peace, blessings and salutations of Allah be upon our Noble Messenger, Muhammad, and upon his family, his Companions and his true followers.

Wassalamu Alaikum wa rahmatullah wa bara ka tuh

Your Brother:

Imam Murtadha Muhammad Gusau, from Okene, Kogi State, Nigeria. He can be reached via: gusaumurtada@gmail.com or +2348038289761.

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[Friday Sermon] Important Tips On How To Raise Children In The Islamic Way By Imam Murtadha Gusau

In The Name Of Allah, The Beneficent, The Merciful

All perfect praise be to Allah, The Lord of the Worlds. I testify that there is none worthy of worship except Allah, and that Muhammad is His Servants and Messenger.

Dear Brothers and Sisters! Raising children is no easy feat. If anything, it is one of the most demanding and complex of tasks, but it is also the most rewarding. With each child that comes into this world, each parent is entrusted with the obligation to raise that child in a way that ensures him/her to become a good Muslim and a good human being who will benefit the society. Parents have great leverage when it comes to what value system and principles they instill in their children which then take root throughout their adult life. The religion of Islam, therefore, holds all parents and caregivers responsible for the direction they steer their children in and whether it is in line with the teachings of the Noble Quran and the Sunnah of the Noble Prophet (Peace be upon him).

Children are essentially an Amanah (Trust) from the Almighty Allah and a great responsibility. Hence, it is the duty of a parent to guide their offspring on the right path, and raise them to be God-conscious and good Muslims, who are an asset for their fellow brothers and sisters of the ummah and an asset to their society and their country. Every parent will be questioned regarding their offspring on the Day of Judgement. Narrated by Abdullah bin Umar, the Messenger of Allah (Peace be upon him) said:

“Each of you is a shepherd and each of you is responsible for his flock. The amir (leader) who is over the people is a shepherd and is responsible for his flock; a man is a shepherd in charge of the inhabitants of his household and he is responsible for his flock; a woman is a shepherdess in charge of her husband’s house and children and she is responsible for them; and a man’s slave is a shepherd in charge of his master’s property and he is responsible for it. So each of you is a shepherd and each of you is responsible for his flock.” [Sunan Abi Dawud]

The blessing of offspring is one of the greatest worldly blessings that Allah favoured us with so it is obligatory to thank Him for that. We must use things He gave us according to what He ordered and legislated. That is why one of the greatest means of preserving the blessing and prolonging family ties in the Hereafter is to call them to the truth, strengthen them through beneficial knowledge, make them used to perform good actions and warning them from what harms them.

The legacy and teachings of an individual live on through his/her offspring and will do so until the hereafter. Then, would you not want to leave behind a righteous and God-fearing offspring? Abu Hurairah heard the Messenger of Allah (Peace be upon him) saying:

“When a man dies, his action discontinues from him except three things, namely, perpetual sadaqah (charity), or the knowledge by which benefit is acquired, or a pious child who prays for him.” [Sunan Abi Dawud]

In a lot of households, the greater emphasis is placed on the academic routine of the children, rather than the Islamic routine, which is essential for the personality development of the children. Hence, it is imperative that parents give their children a well-balanced upbringing, which in itself, seems like a daunting task. So here are a few practical tips for Muslim parents that can help them in raising their children the right way:

* If you want them to know kindness and love, it is essential for them to feel they are loved and treated kindly themselves. Love and kindness cannot be embedded in a child’s personality through forceful measures; rather it is instilled through the natural course of time and experience. Show them what it is to be merciful so they may learn from you first-hand. Allah (SWT) loves those who are kind and merciful. According to Aisha (RA), the Noble Prophet (Peace be upon him) said:

“Verily Allah loves kindness in all things.” [Sahih Bukhari]

Children respond as they are treated. Being overly harsh and rude to your child will not have fruitful results and may cause alienation and disobedience in the child. Be open with them and maintain a relationship with them which is kind and understanding above all else.

* In the absence of rules and boundaries, everything would be rolling in utter chaos. This is true for your child as well. You need to lay down a set of rules for your child to guide his/her actions and behaviour. If the child does not know boundaries, he/she will naturally be inclined to do whatever he/she wants – be it right or wrong, and in turn, will be testing you every step of the way. The child should be well aware of what is right and what is wrong from the very beginning. Only then, will the child learn to adhere to the boundaries of what is acceptable and what is not?

* Take time out to explain why something is good and why something is bad and explain the logic behind it – it will have a much bigger impact on the child! Reward their good behaviour but also scold them or give them a time out when they say or do something wrong. Do not reinforce wrong acts – the child must know that he/she has violated the set boundaries of acceptable behaviour and needs to face the consequences of it.

* You must practice what you preach. Parents must be very aware of their own attitude before trying to instill it in their children. Children look to their parents for guidance in absolutely everything, and hence, their parents become their primary role models. Be conscious of the kind of role model you are for your own children. Be aware of your habits and actions in your everyday life, because that is what your children will see you do and will, in turn, follow it themselves. In the eyes of your children, what you do is good and what you refrain from is not.

* The goodness in children needs to be nurtured and protected. Hence, it is the parent’s duty to guide the child towards what is right and what is not. If parents dedicate themselves to this responsibility of raising their child in accordance to Allah’s (SWT) teachings, the child will very likely continue down the path of righteousness and goodness in his/her life.

* Young children are very malleable. You may shape them however you want and if you start early, you can shape them in the best possible way. If the children are given the Islamic basics from a young age, they are more likely to develop life-long habits.

So start offering your salah with your children before they reach the age of seven (7). Make it a routine for them and mould it into becoming a part of their daily life, just like eating, drinking and sleeping. It will help them continue these habits in their adulthood as well. Be sure to teach them through practically showcasing it in your own life so they may follow you. Teach them to fast from an early age and recite the Quran on a daily basis (Even if it is just a page or two).

* Teach your children about all the acts of worship of Allah (SWT) and explain their significance so they may come to know Allah (SWT) and what it takes to grow closer to Him.

* Instill a sense of love for Allah (SWT) in the hearts of your children, rather than instilling the fear of Allah (SWT) predominantly. Do not force your children to follow the Islamic teachings by embedding fear of Allah (SWT) in them. Even though fear of Allah (SWT) is very important, it does not always produce the end result we expect in children, as they sometimes cannot understand the concept of it.

Therefore, tell your children about the endless love of Allah (SWT) and how much He loves them – even more than you. And having seen how much you love them, they will feel awe at the intensity of Allah’s (SWT) love for them. Tell them that Allah (SWT) is their best friend and will always protect and love them. As a result, their love for Allah (SWT) will come naturally to them and they will be more inclined to please Allah (SWT), know Him and follow his bidding.

And if people knew Allah pretty well, they would obey Him and seek to attain the Good pleasure of Him, but the demons of mankind and the jinn do everything in its power keeping people away from knowing Almighty Allah the creator.

* Make it a point to expose your children to those who are not as fortunate as you and teach them what it means to be a good Muslim; to have compassion, empathy, and love for everyone around you, and to help those who cannot help themselves. Let them absorb diversity and respect it. Do volunteer work with them so they learn how to be thankful of Allah’s (SWT) blessings and so it instills empathy in their hearts for those who are not as lucky as them.

* Teach them what it means to be grateful and the role that gratitude plays in each and every human being’s life. Devise and encourage a certain kind of platform for them which allows them to express that gratitude and use it to help others and be a source of comfort for the ummah and all the human being.

* In essence, every parent should do the best they can to make sure that their children turn out to be true inheritors of Islam and its teachings, and who will keep the spirit of Islam alive throughout their lives. Parental guidance and upbringing plays a very major role in the instilment of love for Allah’s (SWT) religion and the desire to worship Him. Your children can become your channel of salvation in the hereafter; the best gift any parent can ever get, which benefits them in this world and the hereafter, both.

Respected Servants of Allah ! In today’s world, it is commonplace to see dangerous behaviours of anger and aggression brewing in our children and their lack of control over it. One is often led to wonder what has lead to this uncharacteristic rise of anger in our children; perhaps it is the unhealthy lifestyles and excessive stress? Perhaps it is their negligence and inherent reaction to the rising issues in the modern world? However, parents tend to adopt the indifferent and impassive techniques of parenthood, avoiding conflict and giving in to their child’s demands, rather than getting to the root of the problem and understanding why their child is displaying aggressive reactions in the first place.

What we do not often realize is that children are heavily influenced by the behaviours of the parents themselves and they tend to instinctively internalize their parent’s behaviours. In most cases, the child illustrates angry reactions and aggressive behaviours as a reaction to the anger showcased by the mother or the father in their household. When a child misbehaves or acts out, the parents are often dumbfounded and tend to respond with even harsher words and actions, such as beating, as a means to ‘discipline’ their child.

Just like other human instincts, anger resides in an individual’s biological makeup since the very beginning. However, the level of this instinct’s expression and the display is an outcome of the environment and parenting style that the child has been exposed to. If the parents themselves generally adopt a more composed and calm approach in their daily lives, the child is less likely to act out in anger. Hence it becomes pertinent that parents focus on the pattern of the child’s aggressive behaviour and try to find out the cause behind it and work towards eliminating it.

Respected Brothers and Sisters! In order to work towards improving their child’s angry outbursts and behaviours, parents need to be cognizant of the following things in particular:

* If we believe ourselves to be the Ummah of the Noble Prophet Muhammad (Peace be upon him), we must also be aware of the fact that he never hit his wife, or servant, or a child, no matter what the circumstances. Perhaps, this in itself, goes to show how beating only festers the problem rather than rectifying it.

* Find the root of the problem and investigate why the child is acting out, instead of irrationally responding to the child’s behaviour being displayed at that point in time.

* We cannot expect our children to illustrate any sort of restraint and self-control if we, as parents, do not do the same in our daily lives. It is the responsibility of the parents to teach their child how to adopt a relaxed and calm approach in life, no matter what the issue at hand. Wallahi acting out in anger will not solve anything!

* Be sure to follow through with your own instructions as well. Parents are the basic role models for their children and their character building starts and ends with the parents.

* The tone that you utilize with your child, is the tone your child will instinctively copy. Instead of shouting, which further distresses them, resort to discussing your child’s feelings with them and talk about it. Our Noble Prophet (Peace be upon him) never raised his voice, or lost his temper and was seen to always talk in a mild tone with elders and children alike.

* Do not be condescending with your children. As a parent, you should never look down upon your children or make them feel small or not worthy enough. That approach will shatter their developing self-esteem. Even if they misbehave, try to reason with them instead of blaming them. If you give your children respect, only then will you earn it in return.

The whole ordeal of bringing up a child is not a bed of roses. It can be tiresome and it can be a real test of this world. They have much to learn in their earlier years and patience is key to rear them up as good human beings. They do not know what is good for them and what is not. Don’t lose your temper with them, and practice patience.

Teach them little ways of curtailing their anger. For example, teach them calming techniques, to perform ‘wudu (ablution)’ if they feel angry, it will calm them down. Or to sit down if they are standing up. Or to take one minute and remain quiet and take deep breaths. If the child succeeds in calming himself/herself down, be sure to let them know how proud you are of them and reinforce that calming act with a token of achievement.

To feel anger is to be human and it is inevitable. But, it is important to note that feelings of anger are inevitable but angry reactions are not; one needs to be able to distinguish between the two. Controlling anger is one of the characters possessed by a true Muslim. According to our beloved Prophet (Peace be upon him):

“The strong is not the one who overcomes the people by his strength, but the strong is the one who controls himself while in anger.” [Sahih Al Bukhari]

So overcome anger in yourself and teach your children to do the same. Practice patience, love, and self-restraint and lead by example.

Dear Servants of Allah ! I ask Allah to assist us in living by the Quran and Sunnah. I pray He lets us recognise the truth for what it is and helps us to follow it, and that He lets us see falsehood for what it is and helps us to avoid it.

O Allah! Guide us and protect us from the causes of ignorance and destruction! Save us from the defects of ourselves! Cause the last of our deeds to be the best and most righteous! And forgive all of us.

Respected Brothers and Sisters! Anything good I have said in my today’s Khutbah (Sermon) is from Allah the Almighty, and any mistakes are my own and we seek refuge in Allah from giving wrong advice and from all forms of calamities and fitnah. And I ask Allah’s forgiveness if I stepped beyond bounds in anything I said or I do.

May Allah be praised; and may the peace and blessings of Allah be upon His Messenger Muhammad and upon his family and Companions.

With this I conclude my Khutbah (Sermon) and ask Allah, the Almighty and the Sublime, to forgive all of our sins. So seek his forgiveness, He is all forgiving and Most Merciful.

This Jumu’ah Khutbah (Friday Sermon) was prepared for delivery today, Friday, Jumadal-Thani 7, 1439 AH (February 23, 2018), by Imam Murtadha Muhammad Gusau, the Chief Imam of Nagazi-Uvete Jumu’ah and late Alhaji Abdurrahman Okene’s Mosques, Okene, Kogi State, Nigeria. He can be reached via: gusaumurtada@gmail.com or +2348038289761.

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Sorry Valentine’s Day, Real Muslims Don’t Celebrate You, By Imam Murtadha Gusau

In The Name Of Allah, The Most Beneficent, The Most Merciful

All perfect praise be to Allah, The Lord of the Worlds. I testify that there is none worthy of worship except Allah, and that Muhammad is His Servants and Messenger.

Respected Brothers and Sisters! With Valentine’s Day just around the corner, I see a lot of my brothers and sisters getting really prepared and excited to celebrate. I don’t get why. Does any of you really know why you’re celebrating Valentines Day? Just like how we know why we celebrate Eid.

There’s a very ugly truth behind this so called “Day of Love” that majority of Muslims don’t have a clue about. When they are asked this questions, the usual response is “We are celebrating our love, and making our loved ones happy on this special occasion, it’s just something nice.”

First of all, if you’re married, you don’t need some Christian Saint’s birthday to celebrate your love and happiness, you have everyday of the year, then why Valentine’s Day? If you are trying to celebrate your happiness, give blessings to each other, thank Allah that you have them in your life, pray for them, teach each other something about Islam, appreciate each other and not just one day on the 14th but EVERYDAY.

If you are not married, then you shouldn’t even be talking to girls/guys..forget going as far as discussing WHY you shouldn’t celebrate Valentine’s Day. Our religion is very clear and very straight forward, and no one has the right to question the teachings of Islam. Valentine’s Day is haram, no matter how much a person would like to sugar-coat or paint it, wallahi it will stay Haram.

* What is it AND where did it come from?

Consider Valentine’s Day, a day that after dying out a well deserved death in most of Europe (but surviving in Britain and United States) has suddenly started to emerge across a good swath of Muslim countries and areas. Who was Valentine? Why is this day observed? Legends abound, as they do in all such cases, but this much is clear: Valentine’s Day began as a pagan ritual started by Romans in the 4th century BCE to honour the god Lupercus. The main attraction of this ritual was a lottery held to distribute young women to young men for “entertainment and pleasure”–until the next year’s lottery.

Among other equally despicable practices associated with this day was the lashing of young women by two young men, clad only in a bit of goatskin and wielding goatskin thongs, who had been smeared with blood of sacrificial goats and dogs. A lash of the “sacred” thongs by these “holy men” was believed to make them better able to bear children.

As usual, Christianity tried, without success, to stop the evil celebration of Lupercalia. It first replaced the lottery of the names of women with a lottery of the names of the saints. The idea was that during the following year the young men would emulate the life of the saint whose name they had drawn. (The idea that you can preserve the appearance of a popular evil and yet somehow turn it to serve the purpose of virtue, has survived.

Look at all those people who are still trying, helplessly, to use the formats of popular television entertainments to promote good. They might learn something from this bit of history. It failed miserably) Christianity ended up doing in Rome, and elsewhere, as the Romans did. The only success it had was in changing the name from Lupercalia to St. Valentine’s Day. It was done in CE 496 by Pope Gelasius, in honour of some Saint Valentine. There are as many as 50 different Valentines in Christian legends.

Two of them are more famous, although their lives and characters are also shrouded in mystery. According to one legend, and the one more in line with the true nature of this celebration, St. Valentine was a “lovers'” saint, who had himself fallen in love with his jailer’s daughter.

Due to serious troubles that accompanied such lottery, French government banned the practice in 1776. In Italy, Austria, Hungry, and Germany also the ritual vanished over the years. Earlier, it had been banned in England during the 17th century when the Puritans were strong.

However in 1660 Charles II revived it. From there it also reached the New World, where enterprising Yankees spotted a good means of making money. Esther A. Howland, who produced one of the first commercial American Valentine’s Day cards called— what else— valentines, in the 1840s, sold $5,000 worth–when $5,000 was a lot of money–the first year. The valentine industry has been booming ever since.

The history of Valentine’s Day serves as a powerful lesson for Muslims. St. Valentine became a Saint trying to resist free sex. Even though there was an attempt to Christianize it, today St. Valentine’s day is gone back to its roots. No one even knows that the Church even tried to ban the St. Valentine’s Day. Rather, most people think of romance, cupid and his arrow, which are vestiges of pagan Rome.

* Pagan origins of Valentine’s Day

The first information about this day is found in pre-Christian Rome, when pagans would celebrate the “Feast of the Wolf” on February 15, also known as the Feast of Lupercalius in honour of Februata Juno, the Roman goddess of women and marriage, and Pan, Roman god of nature.

On this day, young women would place their names in an urn, from which boys would randomly draw to discover their sexual companion for the day, the year, and sometimes the rest of their lives. These partners exchanged gifts as a sign of affection, and often married.

* Christian Influence

When Christianity came onto the scene in Rome, it wanted to replace this feast with something more in line with its ethics and morality. A number of Christians decided to use February 14 for this purpose. This was when the Italian Bishop Valentine was executed by the Roman Emperor Claudius II for conducting secret marriages of military men in the year 270.

Claudius II decided that single men made better soldiers than those with wives and families, so he outlawed marriage for young, single men, who made up his military. Valentine defied Claudius and performed marriages for young couples in secret. When his actions were revealed, Claudius put him to death. Another version of the story says that Valentine was a holy priest in Rome, who helped Christians escape harsh Roman prisons where they were often beaten and tortured.

Valentine was arrested and sent to the prefect of Rome for this. He found that his attempts to make Valentine renounce his faith were useless, and so recommended he be beaten with clubs, and later beheaded. This took place on February 14, 270.

According to the Catholic encyclopaedia, there are at least three different Saint Valentines, all of whom are Christian martyrs of February 14. One of them is described as a priest from Rome (as mentioned above), another as bishop of Interamna (modern Terni), and the third from Africa.

It was in the year 496 that Pope Gelasius officially changed the February 15 Lupercalia festival to the February 14 St. Valentine’s Day to give Christian meaning to a pagan festival. The holiday become popular in the United States in the 1800’s during the Civil War.

As well, Pope Gelasius ordered a slight change in the lottery for young women that would take place during the pagan festival. Instead of the names of young women, the box would have the names of saints. Men and women were allowed to draw from the box, and the purpose of this was to copy the ways of the saint they had selected for the rest of the year.

* Valentine’s Day Customs

A number of the customs connected to Valentine’s Day originate in the belief in England and France during the middle Ages, that on February 14, birds began to pair.

Fourteenth and 15th centuries’ French and English literatures make indirect references to the practice. Those who chose each other as husband and wife on Valentine’s Day apparently called each other their Valentines.

In terms of the Valentine’s greeting “Your Valentine” which today you find on a number of Valentine’s Day cards, the above-mentioned Roman priest Valentine actually sent the first ‘valentine’ greeting himself.

While he was in prison awaiting execution, he apparently fell in love with a young girl who would visit him. Before he died, he allegedly wrote her a letter, signed ‘From your Valentine,’ In terms of the virtually naked, arrow-shooting cupid character, which shoots people with its arrows to make them fall in love, this character is a vestige of Roman pagan times. Cupid was described as the son of Venus, the Roman god of love and beauty. You usually find Cupid’s picture on Valentine cards and other paraphernalia.

* Islamic Perspective

We should avoid anything associated with pagan immoral practices – We do not need to honour or celebrate the death of a Christian “saint” – Islam does not encourage flirting or suggestions of romantic relationships before marriage – Love between families, friends and married people does not need to be celebrated on a day with such un-Islamic origins.

Question: In recent times, celebration of the Valentine Day has spread, particularly among female students. It is a Christian celebration, and it is (manifested) with fully red costumes, clothing and shoes, and exchange of red roses. What is the ruling on celebrating this holiday ?

Answer: Celebrating the Valentine Day is not permissible because:

Firstly, it is an innovated holiday that has no basis in the Shari’ah.

Secondly, it calls to love and passion.

Thirdly, it calls to keeping one’s heart busy with nonsense matters which contradict the guidance of the righteous predecessors, may Allah be pleased with them.

So it is not permissible that anything from the signs of that holiday takes place on that day, whether it relates to eating, drinking, clothing, giving gifts, or other than that. It is incumbent upon the Muslim to be proud of his/her religion and that he/she does not blindly follow every crier. May Allah the Exalted protect Muslims from every trial, apparent and hidden, and that He give them protection and guidance. Ameen.

Question: Some people celebrate Yawm al-Hubb (Valentine’s Day) on February 14 [the second month of the Christian Gregorian calendar] every year by exchanging red roses as gifts. They also dress up in red clothing, and congratulate one another (on this occasion). Some sweet shops produce special sweets – red in colour – and draw hearts upon them. Some shops advertise their goods which are specially related to this day. What is the Islamic view [concerning the following]: Celebrating this day? Buying from these shops on this day? Selling – by shop-owners who are not celebrating – the things which are used as gifts, to those who are celebrating?

Answer: The clear evidence from the Qur’an and Sunnah – and this is agreed upon by consensus (Ijmaa) of the early generations of the Muslim Ummah – indicates that there are only two Eids in Islam (days of celebration): Eid al-Fitr (after the fast of Ramadan) and Eid al-Adha (after the standing at Arafah for pilgrimage).

Every other Eid – whether it is to do with a person, group, incident or any other occasion – is an innovated Eid. It is not permissible for the Muslim people to participate in it, approve of it, make any show of happiness on its occasion, or assist in it in any way – since this will be transgressing the bounds of Allah:

“… And whoever transgresses the bounds of Allah, he has wronged his own self.” [Surah at-Talaq: 1]

If we add to this fabricated Eid the fact that it is one of the Eids of the disbelievers, it is sin upon sin. This is because it is Tashabbuh (imitation) of the disbelievers, and a type of Muwalat (loyalty) to them. And Allah has prohibited the believers from imitation of them and having loyalty for them in His Mighty Book (Qur’an). It is also confirmed from the Prophet (Peace be upon him) that he said:

“Whoever imitates a people is one of them.” [Classed Sahih by Shaykh Al-Albani]

Eid al-Hubb (the celebration of Valentine’s Day) comes under the category of what has been mentioned here, since it is one of the pagan Christian holidays. Hence it is not permissible for any Muslim, who believes in Allah and the Last Day, to participate in it, approve of it, or congratulate (anyone on that occasion). On the contrary, it is obligatory to abandon it and stay far away from it – in response to Allah and His Messenger, and to distance oneself from the anger of Allah and His punishment.

Additionally, it is forbidden for a Muslim to assist or help in this Valentine’s Day, or any other of the forbidden/illegal celebrations in any way whatsoever – whether by food or drink, selling or buying, production, gift-giving, correspondence, announcements, etc. All of these things are considered as co-operating in sin and transgression and disobedience of Allah and His Messenger. Allah, the Glorious and Most High, says:

“… And co-operate with one another in righteousness and piety, and do not co-operate in sin and transgression. And fear Allah! Verily Allah is severe in punishment.” [Surah al-Ma’idah: 2]

Likewise, it is obligatory for every Muslim to adhere strictly to the Qur’an and Sunnah in every situation – especially in times of temptations and corruption. It is incumbent that he/she understands, be aware and be cautioned from falling into the deviations of those whom Allah is angry with and those who are astray and the immoral people who have no fear of punishment – nor hope of reward – from Allah, and who give no attention at all to Islam.

It is necessary for the Muslim to flee to Allah, the Most High, seeking His Hidayah (Guidance) and Thabat (Firmness) upon the Path. Verily, there is no Guide except Allah and no One who can grant firmness except Him.

* Why do we Muslims do not celebrate Valentine’s day ???

This question may be answered in several ways:

1 – In Islam, the festivals are clearly defined and well established, and no additions or subtractions may be accepted. They are an essential part of our worship and there is no room for personal opinion. They have been prescribed for us by Allah and His Messenger (Peace be upon him). Imam Ibn Taymiyyah said:

“Festivals are part of the laws, clear way and religious ceremonies of which Allah says: ‘To each among you, We have prescribed a law and a clear way.’ [Qur’an, 5:48] , and ‘For every nation We have ordained religious ceremonies which they must follow.’ [Qur’an, 22:67]”

Like the Qiblah, Prayer and Fasting. So there is no difference between joining them in their festival and joining them in their other rituals. Agreeing with the whole festival is agreeing with disbelief. Agreeing with some of their minor issues is the same as agreeing with them in some of the branches of disbelief.

Festivals are the most distinctive things by which religions are told apart, so whoever celebrates their festivals is agreeing with the most distinctive rituals of disbelief. Undoubtedly, going along with them in their festivals may, in some cases, lead to disbelief. Dabbling in these things, at the very least, is a sin. The Prophet (Peace be upon him) referred to the fact that every nation has its own festivals when he said:

“Every nation has its own Eid and this is our Eid.” [Al-Bukhari]

Because Valentine’s Day goes back to Roman times, not Islamic times, this means that it is something which belongs exclusively to the Christians, not to Islam, and the Muslims have no share and no part in it. If every nation has its own festivals, as the Prophet (Peace be upon him) said: “Every nation has its Eid…” [Al-Bukhari and Muslim] – then this means that every nation should be distinguished by its festivals.

If the Christians have a festival and the Jews have a festival, which belongs exclusively to them, then no Muslim should join in with them, just as he does not share their religion or their direction of prayer.

2 – Celebrating Valentine’s Day means resembling or imitating the pagan Romans, then the Christian People of the Book in their imitation of the Romans in something that was not part of their religion (Christianity). If it is not allowed to imitate the Christians in things that really are part of their religion – but not part of our religion – then how about things which they have innovated in their religion in imitation of idolaters?

Imitating non-Muslims in general – whether they are idolaters or People of the Book – is Haram, whether that imitation is of their worship – which is the most serious form – or of their customs and behaviour. This is indicated by the Quran, Sunnah and Ijmaa’:

(i) From the Qur’an: Allah says:

“And be not as those who divided and differed among themselves after the clear proofs had come to them. It is they for whom there is an awful torment.” [Qur’an, 3:105]

(ii) From the Sunnah: the Prophet (Peace be upon him) said:

“Whoever imitates a people is one of them.” [Abu Dawud]

Imam Ibn Taymiyyah said:

“This Hadith at the very least indicates that it is Haram to imitate them, although the apparent meaning implies that the one who imitates them is non-Muslim, as Allah says: ‘And if any amongst you takes them friends (and helpers), then surely, he is one of them.’ [Qur’an, 5:5]”

(iii) With regard to Ijmaa’, Imam Ibn Taymiyyah narrated that there was agreement that it is Haram to imitate non-Muslims in their festivals at the time of the Prophet’s Companions, may Allah be pleased with them, and Imam Ibn Al-Qayyim narrated that there was scholarly consensus (Ijmaa) on this point.

3 – The love referred to in this festival ever since the Christians revived it is romantic love outside the framework of marriage. The result of that is the spread of fornication, adultery and immorality. Hence, the Christian clergy opposed it at some stage and abolished it, then it came back again.

Some people may wonder, and say: “You mean to deprive us of love, but in this day and age we express our feelings and emotions – what is so wrong with that?”

I say:

Firstly: It is a mistake to confuse what they call the day with what the real intentions are behind it. The love referred to on this day is romantic love, taking mistresses and lovers, boyfriends and girlfriends. It is known to be a day of promiscuity and sex for them, with no restraints or restrictions… They are not talking of pure love between a man and his wife or a woman and her husband, or at least they do not distinguish between the legitimate love in the relationship between husband and wife, and the forbidden love of mistresses and lovers. This festival for them is a means for everyone to express love.

Secondly: Expression of feelings and emotions is not a justification for the Muslim to allocate a day for celebration based on his own thoughts and ideas, and to call it a festival, or make it like a festival or Eid. So how about when it is one of the festivals of the non-Muslims?

In Islam, a husband loves his wife throughout the year, and he expresses that love towards her with gifts, in verse and in prose, in letters and in other ways, throughout the years – not just on one day of the year.

Thirdly: There is no religion which encourages its followers to love and care for one another more than Islam does. This applies at all times and in all circumstances, not just on one particular day. Indeed, Islam encourages us to express our emotions and love at all times, as the Prophet (Peace be upon him) said:

“If a man loves his brother, let him tell him that he loves him.” [Abu Dawud]

And He (Peace be upon him ) said:

“By the One in Whose hand is my soul, you will not enter Paradise until you truly believe, and you will not truly believe until you love one another. Shall I not tell you of something that, if you do it, you will love one another? Spread Salam amongst yourselves.” [Muslim]

Fourthly: Love in Islam is more general and more comprehensive; it is not restricted only to one kind of love, that between a man and a woman. There are many more kinds of love. There is the love of Allah, love of His Messenger (Peace be upon him) and his Companions, love for good and righteous people, love and support for the religion, love of martyrdom for the Sake of Allah, etc. There are many kinds of love. It is a dangerous mistake to restrict this broad meaning to this one kind of love.

Fifthly: What these people think, that love before marriage is a good thing, is wrong, as has been proven in studies and by real-life experience.

So, how can we believe that Valentine’s Day is of any benefit to Muslims? The truth is that it is a call for more permissiveness, promiscuity and immorality, and the forming of forbidden relationships.

The husband who sincerely loves his wife does not need this holiday to remind him of his love. He expresses his love for his wife at all times and on all occasions.

All praise is due to Allah, Lord of the worlds. May the peace, blessings and salutations of Allah be upon our Noble Messenger, Muhammad, and upon his family, his Companions and his true followers.

Wassalamu Alaikum,

Your Brother:

Imam Murtadha Muhammad Gusau, from Okene, Kogi State, Nigeria. He can be reached through: gusaumurtada@gmail.com or +2348038289761.

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The Strong Relationship Between Justice And Peace, By Imam Murtadha Gusau

In The Name of Allah, The Most Beneficent, The Most Merciful

All thanks and praises are due to Allah, we seek His help and forgiveness. We seek refuge in Allah from the evil within ourselves and the consequences of our evil deeds. Whoever Allah guides will never be led astray, and whoever Allah leads astray will never find guidance.

I bear witness that there is no god but Allah, He is alone without any partners, and I bear witness that Muhammad is His Servant and His Messenger.

“O you who have believed, fear Allah as He should be feared and do not die except as Muslims in submission to Him.” [Quran, 3:102]

“O mankind, fear your Lord, who created you from one soul and created from it its mate and dispersed from both of them many men and women. And fear Allah, through whom you ask one another, and the wombs. Verily, Allah is ever watching over you.” [Quran, 4:1]

“O you who have believed, fear Allah and speak words of appropriate justice. He will then amend for you your deeds and forgive your sins, and whoever obeys Allah and His Messenger has certainly attained a great attainment.” [Quran, 33:70-71]

Verily, the most truthful speech is the Book of Allah, the best guidance is the guidance of Muhammad, and the worst affairs are newly invented matters (in the religion of Allah). Every newly invented matter is a religious innovation, and every religious innovation is misguidance, and every misguidance is in the Hellfire.

Dear Brothers and Sisters! Know that, in the atmosphere of distrust around the world, the mankind could not stand with clash. During  world wars humanity witnessed a lot of bloodshed, massacre and  distrust. Cold war brought the war of ideologies (Capitalism-Communism) and  in  Post-cold  war  world,  the  consistent  use  of the terms ?”Terrorism” and ?”Extremism” at the political level and  the backlash it faced in the name of ?”War  against  terror” or  ?”Operation  desert  fox” or some other operations has put a big question mark on the peace process at the global level. The adherents of one ideology are scared of some different ideology.  The man of one thought is not in a position to believe the man of  different thought. Finally, the man of one faith or a religion gets  irritated with a man possessing a different faith.  At  the  end  of  the  day we can say that human beings are becoming ?”Intolerant.” The  process of intolerance has been growing  in each and every community of human beings. We all know about our intolerance,  but unfortunately we could not recognize the faults in one‘s own  community. To blame  “other” community is very easy because we have chosen ?”other” as our enemy. This is a sad slogan of the new  era ?”Other  is our enemy.” This  sort  of  mental outlook of the  people of new era is well  expressed  by  Samuel P. Huntington  while interpreting a paragraph of the Michael Dibdin‘s novel, Dead  Lagoon, as:

“There can be no true friends without true enemies. Unless we hate  what we are not we cannot love what we are. These are old truths  we are painfully rediscovering after a century….Those  who  deny  them deny their family, their heritage, their culture, their birthright,  and their very selves! They will not lightly be forgiven.” [See Clash of civilisations and remaking of the world order, by Samuel P. Huntington, page 20]

Are these truths truly reinvented by our statesmen and scholars? Can we identify ourselves only through knowing our enemies? Are  enemies essential in this new era of global politics? Does religion  helps us to identify ?”other”?

These are some of the important questions discovered in today’s politics.

For seeking identity and reinventing ethnicity, enemies are essential  and the potentially most dangerous hatred and animosity can be  found within the men possessing different religion, ethnicity, culture  or civilisation.

People who possess different ideologies and unfortunately share a  border have the maximum chances of creating a Fault Line. Most  of  these fault lines are said to exist  between Muslims and non-Muslims. Hence the biggest enemies to each other are Muslims  and non-Muslims. In this way scholars, politicians and academicians who carry such a view point, unite the  whole  world  against  Islam. If we put it straight, this is biased study towards the  knowledge  of  a civilisation. There are people who loath upon others  religion and civilisation with a vested interest.

Dear Brothers and Sisters! Today, the Fulani herdsman has become the proxy unit for aggression and the expression of hate against Northern Muslims in Nigeria. And this is part of the strategy to contain, clip, cull and further weaken Muslims within the Nigerian community.

The onslaught is from all angles. Particularly noticeable is the glee with which some Igbos have found the opportunity to turn the tables against what they consider humiliating repression of the recent Kanu/IPOB uprising. This is matched and partnered by some Northern Christians political ebullience to reassert itself, against the background of recent marginalisation by the Buhari Government. These two are powerfully aided and abetted by some South Western ethnic politicians, with their powerful press – both traditional and social media. Powerful elements outside power, especially those under threat of corruption charges, provide some of the financial muscle and energy.

In all of this, religion is the main lever of manipulation. With history clearly being rewritten and Nigeria being misrepresented. An often told lie can begin to look like the truth, after all, especially to the vulnerable young, who know little or no history.

Today, the agenda has been set, of a Christian Nigeria, more than half the population in their claims, fighting a murderous and insidious “Islamist and Muslim design” to conquer Christians and deprive them of their ancestral lands. This is the false and insidious narrative, everywhere. And that this government is using state apparatus to aid this purported Fulani Islamic jihad. Foreign countries, especially in the West, are inundated with this false and dangerous propaganda.

They also disingenuously claim that this jihad is a continuation of the 1804 Shehu Usman Danfodio Jihad, which, itself, has now thoroughly been misrepresented by all sorts of ignorant opinion writers and speakers.

Respected Servants of Allah!  What is actually facing us today is a political rivalry whereby some powerful Christian politicians have chosen religion as their main weapon of fighting not only the Buhari regime, which we all knows, witnessed and agreed has its many mistakes, shortcomings, failings and failures, but to, majorly fight Northern Muslims for political power. And the Fulani herdsman has unfortunately become the proxy for this hate and enmity, and for this fight against Northern Muslims. This strategy to leverage religion to force political advantage, and to possibly wrest political control, has been made inevitable by the complete ineffectiveness of political parties today.

The danger is that this creates more violence in a country already severely challenged and weakened by terrorism, insurgency and violence everywhere.

Respected Servants of Allah! We are living in a world where there could obviously be more peace. As Muslims, we realize this fact more than most people, as the peace of many of our brothers and sisters in various parts of the globe has been tragically disrupted: Nigeria, Palestine, Iraq, Syria, Yemen, Chechnya, Afghanistan, Kashmir, Libya and other locales. Similarly, we are living in a world where there could be more justice. We read almost daily of killing and assassinations in various parts of the world where terrorist groups, militias, military forces, or intelligence services, oftentimes in summary fashion, declare victims guilty and then proceed to execute them. Unfortunately, such unprincipled political behaviour has become increasingly common in both the foreign and domestic policies of many countries, causing untold damage to their image and credibility abroad.

Respected Brothers and Sisters! These two issues, peace and justice, are joined in the slogans we hear from many activists, in the world and especially here in Nigeria, “No Justice, No Peace!” This linkage is logical, as justice must be considered one of the indispensable prerequisites of any lasting peace. This article intends to briefly look at the ideas of peace and justice in Islam and explore their deeper significance in the life of a Muslim and his neighbour.

My Respected people! In the Arabic language, the word peace is derived from the radicals S-L-M. The scholars of language mention four closely related terms that can be derived from this origin: Salam, Salamah, Silm, and Salm. Imam Raghib al-Isfahani says in his lexicon of Qur’anic terms:

“As-Salm and as-Salamah mean freedom from any external or internal ruination.”

Based on that, he mentions that true peace will only exist in Paradise, for only there will there be perpetuity with no end, complete satisfaction with no need, perfect honour with no humiliation, and perfect health with no disease. In this regard, Allah is known as As-Salam, because He alone is described as being totally free from any defects or flaws. This understanding of true peace being a reality associated with a transformed world is also understood in both Jewish and Christian theology.

At the level of interstate relations, if we ponder the above definition, we can consider peaceful relations between nations as a condition where violence, a state inevitably involving both internal and external ruination, is absent. In this sense, war can be viewed as an aberrational state. The aberrational nature of war is made clearer if we consider that murder, the ultimate consequence of war, is considered an innovation that destroyed the peace formerly existing among the human family. It is stated in a Prophetic Hadith that:

“No soul is killed unjustly, except that the elder son of Adam (Cain) shares in the stain of the crime. That is because he was the first to innovate murder [in the human family].”

At the individual level, peace can be viewed as an absence of the ruinations of the heart. One free from such ruinations will succeed, Allah-willing, when he/she meets his/her Lord. Therefore, he/she will enter safely into the Abode of Peace (Dar as-Salam). Allah says in that regard:

“[On] the day no amount of wealth or children will be of any benefit. [The only one benefited] will be one who comes before Allah with a sound (salim) heart.” [Quran, 26:89]

If one reflects on these meanings, it should be clear that the wars that Muslims have been involved in throughout our long history do not nullify the validity of the statement:

“Islam is the religion of peace.”

What is meant by that expression, and Allah knows best, is that Islam provides a path for the human being to enter Paradise (Dar as-Salam), and there he/she will know true peace.

Respected Servants of Allah! Peace has meanings wider than those mentioned above. One of the loftier objectives of our religion is to introduce into the world an ethos that facilitates the spreading of peace at every level. Our personal relations with our fellow Muslims should begin with the implementation of the Prophetic order:

“Spread peace between you all.”

This order is so pressing that the Beloved Prophet – advised its indiscriminate implementation. He said at the end of a Hadith in which he described one of the best forms of Islam:

“Extend the greeting of peace, to those you know and those you know not.”

This is a very weighty matter that calls for our deeper reflection. Its weightiness is illustrated by the fact that it is mentioned as being one of the things that completes our faith. The Prophet said in that regard:

“You will not enter Paradise until you believe, and you will not believe until you love one another. Shall I indicate to you something that will surely lead to your mutual love? Spread the greeting and spirit of peace between yourselves.”

Our relations with our spouses should also be characterized by peace. Allah admonishes us concerning those relations:

“And peace is best.” [Quran, 4:128]

Similarly, in our relations with other warring nations, Allah commands us:

“If they (the enemy) incline towards peace, then you should similarly incline, and place your trust in Allah.” [Quran, 8:61]

As mentioned above, peace is the original state that prevailed in relations between individuals and societies. This opinion is based, among other narrations, on the saying of the Prophet that Jesus:

“Will return the world to a state of peace” (Yurji’ as-Salim) after his appearance at the end of time.”

Dear Brothers and Sisters! Our lexicographers define justice, variously, as:

“To rule and to judge based on that contained in the Book of Allah and the tradition (Sunnah) of His Messenger and refraining from ruling and judging based on empty opinion.”

It is also defined as:

“Extending inherent rights [to their possessors] equitably.”

This latter definition emphasizes the importance of equity as an essential aspect of distributive justice.

The concept of justice is one of the essential pillars in the maintenance of both the natural and social orders. Allah, be He Exalted, has said:

“He has established the scale, therefore, do not transgress in the scale [of justice]. Undertake the measuring with justice and do not cheat concerning the scale.” [Quran, 55:7-8]

Justice, as many of our scholars point out, is one of the underpinnings of the order that has been established by Allah. This reality is also a foundation of a healthy social order. Allah says in that regard:

“O You who believe! Be upright for Allah, witnesses to justice; and do not let your hatred of a people move you to a position where you are unjust. Be just, that is closer to piety. Be mindful of Allah! Verily Allah is well informed concerning all that you do.” [Quran, 4:135]

This social aspect of justice has been beautifully summarized by Imam al-Qurtubi. He says, discussing the relationship between two words that are usually translated as justice (al-Adl), and distributive justice (al-Qist):

“Justice is the basis of all human relations and a foundation of Islamic rule.”

This saying is illustrative of the meaning conveyed by the saying of Allah:

“Verily, we have sent Our Messengers with clear proofs, and we have revealed unto them the Scripture and the Balance in order that they lead people with justice…” [Quran, 57:25]

Imam al-Mawardi has summarized the social implications of distributive justice in the following way:

“One of the things that reforms worldly affairs is the principle of distributive justice. It facilitates amicable relations between people, engenders obedience to the Divine Law, and brings about the prosperity, progress and development of countries. It is the basis of a thriving economy, strong families, and stable government. Nothing devastates the land nor corrupts the mind as quickly as tyranny. That is because there are no acceptable limits [to regulate tyranny].” [Ahkam al-Sultaniyyah of Imam al-Mawardi]

For this reason, Imam Ibn Taymiyya sees the responsibilities of Islamic government emanating from a single verse in the Qur’an:

“Allah enjoins that you deliver the Trusts to their rightful possessors. And when you rule over [or judge between] people, that you do so with justice…” [Quran, 4:58]

The Noble Prophet has said in this context:

“Surely the most beloved of people with Allah and the closest to Him on the Day of Resurrection will be a just leader. And the most hated of people and the furthest removed from Him will be a tyrannical leader.”

Clearing himself from even an inadvertent association with oppressive, unjust acts, our beloved Prophet is reported to have said:

“You bring your disputes to me for adjudication; perhaps one of you is less eloquent than another, and I rule against the wronged party on the basis of what I have heard. Therefore, if I inadvertently grant one of you something owed to his brother do not take it, for I am granting him something that constitutes a piece of Hellfire.”

Our impeccably just Khalifa Umar bin al-Khattab uttered the following penetrating words:

“Verily, Allah sets forth parables for you, and He directs admonition towards you in order that hearts will be quickened. Surely, the hearts are dead until Allah quickens them. Justice has signs and portents. As for its signs, they are shyness, generosity, humility, and gentleness. As for its portents, they are embodied in mercy. He has [likewise] made for every affair a gate, and He has made that gate accessible by providing a key. The gate of justice is a deep consideration of consequences, and its key is otherworldliness. Consideration of consequences ultimately involves remembering death and preparing for it by freely parting from one’s wealth. Otherworldliness involves dealing justly with everyone and being satisfied with what suffices. If one is not satisfied with what suffices him, no abundance will ever enrich him.”

Much of this discussion has focused on distributive justice. However, the Qur’an also places great emphasis on commutative justice. Allah commands us:

“Do not be moved by partiality to discriminate in meting out divinely legislated punishments.” [Quran, 24:2]

The Prophet Muhammad mentioned that one of the reasons behind the ruination of a nation is a lack of commutative justice. In this context, he mentioned that even if his very daughter were to steal, he would not hesitate to punish her to the full extent of the law.

In summary, this brief discussion should make it clear to any Muslim and non Muslim that peace and justice are comprehensive concepts with deep implications and we have to be people committed to peace and justice. We must clearly illustrate to the world that our religions are indeed the religions of peace. However, our striving for peace must never allow us to be unjust, nor should it allow us to passively accept injustices. We must take a stand for justice, as we are ordered in the Qur’an:

“Be you upright supporters of justice…” [Quran, 4:135]

However, that stand must go far beyond slogans, such as the one mentioned at the beginning of this article, and move into the realm of positive action; action inspired by the Qur’an and the words and deeds of our illustrious Prophet (Peace be upon him).

Respected Brothers and Sisters! Allah is our witness, we warned those state governments who want to ban the cattle rearing in their states, that the law will plunge their states into a war, but they refused to listen to us and went ahead to ban it. We also warned that the Fulani’s patience and silence over recent killings of their kinsmen in Adamawa, Taraba etc, should not be misconstrued for fear or weakness. We also called for thorough investigation into the recent killings in four Numan villages. We also warned about the massacre of the dozens of women and children of fulanis in Shaforon, Kikem and Kodemti villages. We warned that government and other relevant security authorities should thoroughly investigate those involved and bring the perpetrators to book for fear of reprisal attacks and for peace to reign.

Dear Brothers and Sisters! For Allah’s sake What happened to Fulanis in Mambilla, Sardauna, in Taraba State? What happened to them in Numan?  And what is happening to them of killing, raping their wives and children, and stealing their cows in many states and many places in Nigeria? Why if the fulani man have been killed in Nigeria nobody will say anything? Why denying them freedom and justice in their own country? Why all this hate, hatred and enmity towards the fulanis? Are they not Nigerians? Are they strangers? Are they not human being like all of us? Why, why, why please? Haba! Let us fear Allah!! You see, at many points in our history, we make mistakes of confusing patience for fear or weakness. I hope, we would not make that mistake this time; what happened in Adamawa, Taraba, etc, to fulanis, would not go unpunished, let us be just, because in the absence of justice there must be a problem.

Respected Brothers and Sisters! We must come together and rise above ethnicities and religious bigotry for us to live peacefully with one another, and to know that Allah created us in different so that we may know and understand one another. Attacking, Killing, maiming and destroying each other or our property does not make us better than one another. We all are guilty and must repent and learn to live with one another as provided by our Constitution. We, as Muslims and Christians are a prayerful people, so please we should continue praying and resolving our differences in a civilised ways. May Almighty Allah help us in this direction. Ameen Ya Rabb!

All praise is due to Allah, Lord of the worlds. May the peace, blessings and salutations of Allah be upon our Noble Messenger, Muhammad, and upon his family, his Companions and his true followers.

May the peace, blessings and mercy of Allah be upon you all.

Your Brother:

Imam Murtadha Muhammad Gusau, from Okene, Kogi State, Nigeria. He can be reached through: gusaumurtada@gmail.com or +2348038289761.

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A Muslim Celebrating The New Year? No! By Imam Murthada Gusau

In the Name of Allah, the Most Beneficent, the Most Merciful

Brothers and Sisters! Around this time every year, the audio-visual and print media in many non-Muslim and even Muslim countries actively broadcast and circulate programs on celebrating New Year’s Eve.

They invite people to participate in the celebrations that are held in certain places specially assigned for them. Public workplaces, private homes and streets are decorated in many different ways. This state of affairs necessitates that the scholars and students of knowledge explain the ruling of Shari‘ah on this issue.

To this end, I have collected many Ayat (verses) from the Quran and Ahadith of the Prophet (SAW) and statements of Scholars.

It is indisputably established that Allah has perfected His religion and completed the message. Allah Says:

“This day I have perfected for you your religion and completed My favour upon you and have approved for you Islam as religion.” [Quran, 5:3]

There is no true religion other than Islam which Allah sent Muhammad (SAW) to convey. Allah Says:

“Indeed, the religion in the sight of Allah is Islam. And those who were given the Scripture did not differ except after knowledge had come to them — out of jealous animosity between themselves. And whoever disbelieves in the verses of Allah, then indeed, Allah is swift in (taking) account.” [Quran, 3:19]

“And whoever desires other than Islam as religion — never will it be accepted from him, and he, in the Hereafter, will be among the losers.” [Quran, 3:85]

Commenting on this Ayah (verse), Imam Ibn Jarir At-Tabari said:

“Whoever seeks a religion other than Islam to believe in, Allah will not accept it from him. “He, in the Hereafter, will be among the losers” means that, by doing so, he will deprive himself of his share of the mercy of Allah. It was mentioned that after the revelation of this Ayah (verse), the followers of other religions claimed that they were Muslims according to what is meant by the Ayah (verse). Hence, Allah commanded them to perform Hajj if they were true in their claims, because Hajj is an Islamic practice, yet they refused to do so. In this way, Allah refuted their claim.”

Al-Hafiz Ibn Kathir said:

“Allah Says: “Indeed, the religion in the sight of Allah is Islam.” This indicates that Allah The Almighty does not accept a religion other than Islam, which is to follow the Messengers who were sent by Allah The Almighty until the final Messenger, Muhammad (SAW). Allah closed all the ways leading to Him except the way of Muhammad (SAW). Hence, anyone who meets Allah after the mission of Muhammad (SAW) following anything other than his Shari‘ah, his belief will not be accepted, as Allah Says: “And whoever desires other than Islam as religion — never will it be accepted from him.”

It was narrated on the authority of Abu Hurayrah that he said:

“The Messenger of Allah (SAW) said: ‘Deeds will come on the Day of Judgment. The prayer will come and say, ‘O Lord, I am the prayer.’ He will Say, ‘You are good.’ Then charity will come and say, ‘O Lord, I am charity.’ He will Say, ‘You are good.’ Then fasting will come and say, ‘O Lord, I am fasting.’ Then He will Say, ‘You are good.’ Other (good) deeds will come and say, ‘I am so-and-so’ and Allah will answer them, ‘You are good.’ Then Islam will come and say, ‘O Lord, You are As-Salam and I am Islam.’ So, Allah will Say, ‘You are good. Today, I will punish and reward on account of you.’ That is why Allah Says in His Book:

“And whoever desires other than Islam as religion – never will it be accepted from him, and he, in the Hereafter, will be among the losers.” [Quran, 3:85]

Imam Ahmad and Abu Ya‘ala Al-Haythami said:

“‘Abbad Ibn Rashid is one of the narrators of this Hadith, who was accredited by Abu Hatim and other scholars but declared weak by another group of scholars. The rest of the narrators of Ahmad’s Isnad are among the narrators of Al-Bukhari and/or Muslim.” [Majma‘ Az-Zawa’id]

Imam Ibn Al-Qayyim said:

“Islam is the religion of the dwellers of the heavens and the religion of the followers of Tawhid on earth, and Allah does not accept a religion other than Islam. There are six religions followed by people on earth: one religion belongs to Allah and five religions belong to Satan. The religion that belongs to Allah is Islam (the religion of Abraham, Moses, Jesus, Noah, Muhammad etc), and the religions that belong to Shaytan are Judaism, Christianity, Magianism, Sabeanism, and polytheism.” [Madarij As-Salikin]

The Prophet (SAW) explained the meaning of Islam in full. It was narrated on the authority of Abu Hurayrah that he said:

“One day while the Prophet (SAW) was sitting with people, a man came to him and said, ‘What is Iman?’ The Prophet (SAW) said: ‘Iman is to believe in Allah, His angels, the meeting with Him in the Day of Judgment, His Messengers, and to believe in Resurrection.’ The man asked, ‘What is Islam?’

The Prophet (SAW) replied: ‘Islam is to worship Allah without associating partners with Him, to offer the obligatory prayers perfectly, to pay the (compulsory) charity i.e. Zakah and to fast the month of Ramadan.’ The man again asked, ‘What is Ihsan?’ The Prophet (SAW) said: ‘Ihsan is to worship Allah as if you see Him, for if you do not actually see Him, then (be certain that) Allah actually sees you.”

The man further asked, ‘When will the Hour be?’ The Prophet (SAW) replied: ‘The one who is questioned about it does not know more than the questioner, but I will tell you about its portents. When the female slave gives birth to her master; when the shepherds of black camels start boasting and competing with others in the construction of high buildings. The Hour is one of five things which nobody knows except Allah.’

Then the Prophet (SAW) recited: “Indeed, Allah (Alone) has knowledge of the Hour and sends down the rain and knows what is in the wombs. And no soul perceives what it will earn tomorrow, and no soul perceives in what land it will die. Indeed, Allah is Knowing and Acquainted.” [Quran, 31:34] Then the man departed.

The Prophet (SAW) asked the people to bring him back, but they did not find him. So, the Prophet (SAW) said: ‘That was Jibril who came to teach people their religion.’” [Al-Bukhari]

It was narrated on the authority of Ibn Umar that he quoted the Messenger of Allah (SAW) saying:

“Islam is built upon five (things): testifying that there is none worthy of worship except Allah and that Muhammad is His Slave and Messenger, establishing the prayer, giving Zakah, performing Hajj and fasting Ramadan.” [Al-Bukhari and Muslim]

This applies to all the nations from among the People of the Book as well as others. Anyone who does not believe in and follow the Messenger of Allah (SAW) is one of the people who are described by the Ayah (verse):

“Indeed, they who disbelieved among the People of the Scripture and the polytheists will be in the fire of Hell, abiding eternally therein. Those are the worst of creatures.” [Quran, 98:6]

It was also narrated on the authority of Abu Hurayrah that the Messenger of Allah (SAW) said:

“By Him in Whose hand the soul of Muhammad is, any Jew or Christian who hears about me, but does not believe in that with which I have been sent and dies in this state (of disbelief), he shall be one of the people of Hell.” [Muslim]

“New Year” The Festival Of Disbelievers Not Muslims

Allah says in Qur’an:
“?????? ? ?????? ?????…”

“And those who do not witness falsehood…” [Quran, 25:72]

Mujahid and other than him from the pious predecessors (Salaf) said that falsehood here (Zuur) refers to the festivals of disbelievers.

??? ???? ???? ??? ???? ???? ??? : “?? ???? ???? ??? ????.”

The Messenger of Allah (SAW) said:

“Whoever imitates a nation then he is from amongst them.” [ ???? ??? ???? ?]

??? ??? ?? ?????? ??? ???? ??? : ??????? ????? ???? ?? ????? .

Umar bin al-Khattab ??? ???? ??? said:

“Avoid the enemies of Allah during their festivals.”

And in one narration with addition:

“… For the Wrath of Allah descends upon them during it.” [ ????? ?????? ??????? ?]

“??? ??????? ?? ???? ??? ???? ??? : ?? ?? ???? ?????? ???? ??????? ? ???????? ? ???? ??? ??? ???? ? ?? ???? ??? ???? ??? ??????? .”

Abdullah bin Amr ??? ???? ??? said:

“Whoever settles in the land of the non-Arabs (i.e. non-Muslims) and celebrates their new year and festival and imitates them until he dies while he is in that state, will be gathered with them on the Day of Resurrection.” [ ????? ??????? ?? ?????? ]

Ibn Taymiyyah said:

“Muslims should not celebrate any festival of the disbelievers.”  [ ????? ?????? ?????? ???????? ?? – ?? ]

Shaykh-ul-Islam Ibn Taymiyyah Ra?imahullah said:

“And whosoever inclines towards religious festivals of polytheists and of Jews and Christians then it is a MUST that the sanctity of Islamic ‘Eid will DIMINISH from his heart.”  [ ?????? ?????? ???????? ? / ??? ]

Wassalamu Alaikum,

Your Brother:

Imam Murtadha Muhammad Gusau, from Okene Kogi State, Nigeria. He can be reached through: +2348038289761 or gusaumurtada@gmail.com

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Friday Sermon: Beware Of Atheism (Iyyakum Wal Ilhaad), By Imam Gusau

In the Name of Allah, the Most Beneficent, the Most Merciful

All thanks and praise is due to Allah, we seek His help and forgiveness. We seek refuge in Allah from the evil within ourselves and the consequences of our evil deeds.

Whoever Allah guides will never be led astray, and whoever Allah leads astray will never find guidance. I bear witness that there is no god but Allah, He is alone without any partners, and I bear witness that Muhammad is His servant and His Messenger.

“O you who have believed, fear Allah as He should be feared and do not die except as Muslims in submission to Him.” [Quran, 3:102]

“O mankind, fear your Lord, who created you from one soul and created from it its mate and dispersed from both of them many men and women. And fear Allah, through whom you ask one another, and the wombs. Verily, Allah is ever watching over you.” [Quran, 4:1]

“O you who have believed, fear Allah and speak words of appropriate justice. He will then amend for you your deeds and forgive your sins, and whoever obeys Allah and His Messenger has certainly attained a great attainment.” [Quran, 33:70-71]

Verily, the most truthful speech is the Book of Allah, the best guidance is the guidance of Muhammad, and the worst affairs are newly invented matters (in the religion). Every newly invented matter is a religious innovation, and every religious innovation is misguidance, and every misguidance is in the Hellfire.

Respected Servants of Allah! Atheism, in modern terminology, means denying the Creator (Allah) altogether, denying that He exists and not acknowledging Him, may He be glorified and exalted. The universe and everything in it, according to their claims, came about purely by chance. Wallahi this is a strange view which is contrary to sound human nature, reason and logic, and is contrary to simple logic and indisputable facts.

Brothers and Sisters! As I said, Atheism is the denial that Allah exists. In Arabic, its known as AL-ILHAAD. An atheist is a person who disbelieves in Allah, His names, His attributes, His Lordship, and denies that worship should be directed to Him. The atheists have the belief that this world came into existence without a creator by an eternal material. This material is considered to them to be the creator of creation. Along with this, they reject the Messengers and religion.

The atheists themselves are divided into two types;

1- Those who deny Allah totally.

2- Agnosticism, those who say, “ We don’t know if Allah is the Creator and if He exists.

Both groups have no faith in Allah and doubt His existence. When researching an atheist’s situation it’s clear that they aren’t convinced in the signs of Allah as being the Creator. Their beliefs aren’t truly based on any scientific theories and facts.

Maurice Blondel, a French philosopher, once said:

“There really isn’t no true atheists.”

For that reason, it’s not farfetched that you find a group of them affirming Allah’s existence, but they say that He disappeared after creating this world. This is a major crime and sin.

Allah the Almighty said:

“And they say: “The Most Beneficent (Allah) has begotten a son (or offspring or children) [as the Jews say: Uzair (Ezra) is the son of Allah, and the Christians say that He has begotten a son [Isa (Jesus Christ)], and the pagan Arabs say that He has begotten daughters (angels, etc.)].” Indeed you have brought forth (said) a terrible evil thing. Whereby the heavens are almost torn, and the earth is split asunder, and the mountains fall in ruins, that they ascribe a son (or offspring or children) to the Most Beneficent (Allah).” [Quran, 88-91]

In the past Atheism wasn’t really widespread and only a few people had this belief similar to Fir’aun (Pharaoh). After him, there was an atheistic trend in the medieval Islam known as materialism [ ???????]. However today since the end of the seventeen and the beginning of the eighteen century, and the spread of technology the rise of atheism began. Those eras were the periods of Marxism and Darwinism, and Nietzsche and Freud. These philosophers fought against the Catholic Church in Europe and it’s from them the ideology of atheism spread.

Brothers and Sisters! There isn’t any sincere particular school dedicated to the teachings of atheism. Atheists generally base their beliefs off of experiments and philosophy and from this they have divided into various sects among themselves as follows:

* Secularism: Those who want to establish the state off of resources and material and not religion.

* Existentialism: A philosophical theory or approach which emphasizes the existence of the individual person as a free and responsible agent determining their own development through acts of the will.

* Positivism: A philosophical system recognizing only that which can be scientifically verified or which is capable of logical or mathematical proof, and therefore rejecting metaphysics and theism.

* Socialism: Founded by Karl Marx, a policy or practice based on the political and economic theory of socialism that denies the existence of Allah.

* Darwinism: the theory of the evolution of species by natural selection advanced by Charles Darwin.

Last to add to this list is an evil form of atheism, that has recently spread around the world, and is picking up momentum in the Arab and African Worlds, known as Devil Worship, or the Church of Satan.

Servants of Allah! Atheism goes against the natural disposition of man and the intellect. Despite this, it has spread and found its way in the Muslim World. Some people have fallen into this trend of atheism as a result of being brainwashed while living among the disbelievers or being educated in their system or they didn’t receive strong and proper Islamic training/upbringing from their parents. Other reasons stem from the inability to accept the Qadr and Qada of Allah or accept it in its correct manner, in particularly the things related to the actions of Allah and the servants. Moreover, we find people going to atheism when they are ignorant of Islam. The Muslims who are running to atheism and of the Church of Satan are following their desires or have an unbridled desire to live what they call freedom. Therefore they don’t consider anything Halal [lawful] or Haram [prohibited]. Also those who are in the shade of atheism don’t believe there is anyone watching over them, no account, no punishment and no reward. Allah’s aide is sought!

Servants of Allah! Most people who consider themselves intellectuals due to their status, or on educational certificates have taken the path of denying Allah’s presence due to arrogance. Allah the Most High said:

“Verily, those who dispute about the Ayat (proofs, evidences, verses, lessons, signs, revelations, etc.) of Allah, without any authority having come to them, there is nothing else in their breasts except pride [to accept you (Muhammad ) as a Messenger of Allah and to obey you].”

* Arrogance leads to many atrocities

– Denying things you comprehend – Allah said:

“Nay, they deny that; the knowledge whereof they could not compass.” [Yunus :39]

– Turning away from the truth and listening to it – Allah said:

“And never came an Ayah from among the Ayat (proofs, shreds of evidence, verses, lessons, signs, revelations, etc.) of their Lord to them, but they did turn away from it.” [Ya-Sin: 46]

– Being content with the knowledge you possess and rejecting the Shari’a – Allah said:

“Then when their Messengers came to them with clear proofs, they were glad (and proud) with that which they had of the knowledge (of worldly things): And that at which they used to mock, surrounded them (i.e. the punishment).” [Ghafir :83]

– Blind-following misguided leaders – Allah said:

“And similarly, We sent not a warner before you (O Muhammad ) to any town (people) but the luxurious ones (elites) among them said: We found our fathers following a certain way and religion, and we will indeed follow their footsteps.” [Az-Zukhruf :23]

– The final result of arrogance is the increase of misguidance – Allah said:

“So when they turned away (from the Path of Allah), Allah turned their hearts away (from the Right Path).” [As-Saff :5]

Now what are the pillars of atheism, its foundations, and the approach on which unilateral thought was based were founded?

It’s sufficient to say there isn’t any complete thought among atheists that fully explain their theories from beginning to end. Some atheists will come and present a bunch of awkward questions answered by their doubts and assumptions, which don’t satisfy a person’s thirst for knowledge. They have established their foundation and thought both based on experimental theories or philosophy.

* Experimental Theories

Two of the most widely known experimental theories are evolution and the big bang theory. Charles Darwin wrote a book titled, The Origin of Species; which serves as a major reference point for an atheist who defends the theory of evolution. Atheists believe that Darwin’s theory of evolution explains life; however, when it’s closely examined there are still many unanswered questions that remain. Therefore this theory is flawed. Darwin’s theory doesn’t cover all aspects of life. For instance, insects make up eighty percent of animals. Did these insects evolve or remain, and why didn’t the principles of evolution go into effect with them. Insects are living beings and they weren’t included in Darwin’s theory of evolution as well as birds.

The main distraction in this theory of Darwin’s is the question, how do non-living things transform into living? Their only response is, “by coincidence.” Referring to happenings by coincidence isn’t an academic answer. Darwin also concluded that man evolved from apes as they share the same illnesses as humans. The question to ask here is why apes, and not rats? Rats and humans share the same diseases as well, like cancer.

Darwin viewed evolution for every species consists of individuals that show considerable variations. Under certain environmental conditions, particular variations will be most advantageous. Natural selection weeds out the unadapted and the best-adapted survive. These variations become dominant in the species and so it evolves. In the case of giraffes, times of drought and arid conditions give an advantage to those animals that can out-compete others by reaching the higher, untouched leaves. They form the ancestral stock of the animals that evolve into giraffes.

This is also rejected as the necks of goats didn’t evolve. They need long necks to eat leaves from high trees, and their necks didn’t expand over time.

* The Big Bang Theory

In summary, the origin of creation comes from one cell that was swimming in a time and place then one day all of sudden it just exploded about fifteen million years ago. So based off of this theory this world came from the cell that was the size of a pin. The question they’re unable to answer about this theory is where did that cell come from?

Why was this cell still then moved all of a sudden?

What’s the difference between the moments of the explosion compared to others?

How did the big bang organize such a well-structured universe?

How did non-living thing come from matter and transform into living beings with intellects?

Whenever you ask an atheist the question about how non-living beings became living, they reply, by coincidence. Coincidence is Lord of the Worlds according to atheists.

* Philosophy

Philosophers give precedence to the intellect over the texts (Nusus). They believe that the mind is able to grasp everything that exists in its senses. In reality with this belief, they go against the limits of the mind and the body’s senses. The mind doesn’t have the ability to comprehend everything.

Imam Ibn Battah mentioned that:

“Man came to Abdullah Ibn Abbas with his son. His son said, He was puzzled by his mind and this went to his heart, so he brought him to Ibn Abbas. Abdullah Ibn Abbas said: “Look over there nephew and tell me what is that black thing you see over there?”. He replied, “So and so.” Ibn Abbas said: “That’s’ right, and what is that image behind you?” The boy replied, “I don’t know.” Ibn Abbas said: My nephew the same way Allah has placed a limited limit without a veil, likewise, He has placed on the Heart’s sight a limit, so don’t go beyond its bounds and limits.” [See ‘Atheism, its means of spreading, its dangers, and ways to combat it, by Shaykh Salih Ibn Abdil Aziz Sindi]

The same applies to the senses. It’s not everything that exists can be confined to the five senses.We accept the fact that the senses exist, but what is the proof that something outside of these five senses doesn’t exist?

Measuring the existence of thing according to the five senses wallahi is a weak criterion; as sometimes our senses deceive us. For example there are times that things appear to us outside of its true form. During the afternoon on a very hot day doesn’t it appear that water is in front of you in the desert, but it’s a mirage? And when a pen is placed in a glass of water doesn’t it appear broken? The mind and senses are always to be trusted. The mind doesn’t have the ability to explain everything.

The soul, for example, is something that can’t be explained although it’s the closest thing to you. The mind truly can’t be explained, nor can visions or dreams. If we accept the argument that just because Allah can’t be seen right now this means He doesn’t exist then we’d have to discard many experiments and scientific conclusions. For instance gravity, electrons, Ether, or Atoms and so forth are all things we affirm exist, even though we can’t see them.

Just because we are unable to see Allah it doesn’t mean He doesn’t exist. It’s enough to look at His creation and its system in order to recognize He is in existent. The methodology of atheism is one of the contradictions which has no true criterion except desires.

The Debate between Prophet Musa (Moses) and Fir’aun (Pharaoh) (An Atheist Versus A Muslim):

Brothers and Sisters! Allah the Most High said:

“We will show them Our Signs in the universe, and in their ownselves, until it becomes manifest to them that this (the Quran) is the truth. Is it not sufficient in regard to your Lord that He is a Witness over all things?” [ Al-Fussilat :43]

The thoughts that come to one’s mind which voluntarily submit to Allah’s Lordship.

“In the Name of Allah, the Most Beneficent, the Most Merciful.

2- All the praises and thanks be to Allah, the Lord of the Alamin (mankind, jinns and all that exists).

3- The Most Beneficent, the Most Merciful.

4- The Only Owner (and the Only Ruling Judge) of the Day of Recompense (i.e. the Day of Resurrection).

5- You (Alone) we worship, and You (Alone) we ask for help (for each and everything).

6- Guide us to the Straight Way.

7- The Way of those on whom You have bestowed Your Grace, not (the way) of those who earned Your Anger, nor of those who went astray.” [Al-Fatihah :1-7]

The Debate Between a Believer and non-believer… [Musa and Fir’aun]

Fir’aun said:

“And what is the Lord of the Alamin (mankind, jinns and all that exists)?” [Surah Ash-Shu’ara :23]

Fir’aun asked this question denying Allah the Lord of Heavens and Earth exists. He denied everything the Prophets, the Heavens and Earth and what the intellect and natural disposition acknowledges.

Musa said:

“Our Lord is He Who gave to each thing its form and nature, then guided it aright.” [Ta-Ha :50]

Musa (Moses) said:

“Lord of the heavens and the earth, and all that is between them, if you seek to be convinced with certainty.” [Ash-Shu’ara :24]

Musa (Moses) said:

“Lord of the east and the west, and all that is between them, if you did but understand!” [Ash-Shu’ara :28]

These are the Heavens with their stars, planets, suns and moons. The Earth has mountains, gardens, animals and human-beings. This planet has clouds, winds, seas and deserts. Allah created all of these things and He manages them, nurtures them and by the fact that he arranged them in this fashion is a sign that He exists.

These creations in the Heavens and in the Earth prove Allah’s knowledge, His Will, His Might, His Wisdom and His Mercy:

“Our Lord is He Who gave to each thing its form and nature, then guided it aright.” [Ta-Ha :50]

Allah created man after he was nonexistent then guided him through customary actions, his nature, the five senses, his thinking and his intellect. Allah guided man to the religion (Islam) that makes him righteous and leads him to purpose of his creation.

Allah said:

“Verily! In the creation of the heavens and the earth, and in the alternation of night and day, and the ships which sail through the sea with that which is of use to mankind, and the water (rain) which Allah sends down from the sky and makes the earth alive therewith after its death, and the moving (living) creatures of all kinds that He has scattered therein, and in the veering of winds and clouds which are held between the sky and the earth, are indeed Ayat (proofs, evidences, signs, etc.) for people of understanding.” [Al-Baqarah :164]

This design and the organization of these creations are well planned and are clear signs to man’s psychic that the organizer of this World’s design is Wise, Merciful, and Compassionate. The sound mind and Fitrah [disposition] believe in all of these things about Allah.

Fir’aun (Pharaoh) said to those around:

“Do you not hear (what he says)?” [Ash-Shu’ara :25]

Fir’aun (Pharaoh) said:

“Verily, your Messenger who has been sent to you is a madman.” [Ash-Shu’ara :27]

Fir’aun said:

“What about the generations of old?“ [Ta-Ha :51]

Fir’aun reviled Musa publicly calling him crazy because he mentioned things that were unknown to them. Musa denied Materialism and this is what Fir’aun and his group accepted and acted by among themselves. Fir’aun and his people thought the previous nations were the same.i.e, They only believed in what they could see and rejected everything that they couldn’t. In other words, They don’t believe in the unseen and He is the Creator of these visible things.

Musa said:

“Our Lord is He Who gave to each thing its form and nature, then guided it aright.” [Ta-Ha :50]

“The Lord of the heavens and the earth and all that is between them, if you (but) have a faith with certainty.” [Ad-Dukhan :7]

“Lord of the east and the west, and all that is between them, if you did but understand!” [Ash-Shura: 28]

[Fir’aun (Pharaoh)] said:

“What about the generations of old?”

Musa said:

“The knowledge thereof is with my Lord, in a Record. My Lord is neither unaware nor He forgets,” Who has made earth for you like a bed (spread out); and has opened roads (ways and paths etc.) for you therein; and has sent down water (rain) from the sky. And We have brought forth with it various kinds of vegetation. Eat and pasture your cattle, (therein); verily, in this are proofs and signs for men of understanding.” [Ta-Ha :52-54]

The generations of old and everything that took place there among the believers and disbelievers is all recorded. Their Creator isn’t unaware of their deeds. He knows their actions and beliefs and they are noted in his book which is error free, and has no negligence or misguidance.

My Lord is the one who has made the Earth well-prepared and good enough for you to live in. The entire Earth isn’t an ocean; inhabitable for land animals and humans. The whole Earth isn’t mountains and rocks; not suitable for plants and living, along with other subsistence for life; such as food and drinks.

Among the organization of this World is you are able to connect the East to the West by air, land or sea. The layout of this Earth makes it easy for ships and caravans to travel to do business.

Fresh water falls from the sky clean and pure without any salt and bitterness. This water gives life to plants, to animals and to mankind. If there was no rain life on Earth would cease to exist and the entire Globe would become a wasteland.

Allah the Almighty said:

“It is He (Allah) Who sends down water (rain) from the sky; from it you drink and from it (grows) the vegetation on which you send your cattle to pasture; With it He causes to grow for you the crops, the olives, the date-palms, the grapes, and every kind of fruit. Verily! In this is indeed an evident proof and a manifest sign for people who give thought.” [An-Nahl :10-11]

Allah the Most High said:

“And the earth! We have spread it out, and set thereon mountains standing firm, and have produced therein every kind of lovely growth (plants). An insight and a Reminder for every slave turning to Allah (i.e. the one who believes in Allah and performs deeds of His obedience, and always begs His pardon). And We send down blessed water (rain) from the sky, then We produce therewith gardens and grain (every kind of harvests) that are reaped.. And tall date-palms, with ranged clusters; A provision for (Allah’s) slaves. And We give life therewith to a dead land.” [Qaf :7-11]

Allah said:

“It is He Who sends down water (rain) from the sky, and with it We bring forth vegetation of all kinds, and out of it We bring forth green stalks, from which We bring forth thick clustered grain. And out of the date-palm and its spathe come forth clusters of dates hanging low and near, and gardens of grapes, olives and pomegranates, each similar (in kind) yet different (in variety and taste). Look at their fruits when they begin to bear, and the ripeness thereof. Verily! In these things there are signs for people who believe.” [Al-An’am :99]

Allah said:

“Is not He (better than your gods) Who created the heavens and the earth, and sends down for you water (rain) from the sky, whereby We cause to grow wonderful gardens full of beauty and delight? It is not in your ability to cause the growth of their trees. Is there any ilah (god) with Allah? Nay, but they are a people who ascribe equals (to Him)! Is not He (better than your gods) Who has made the earth as a fixed abode, and has placed rivers in its midst, and has placed firm mountains therein, and has set a barrier between the two seas (of salt and sweet water). Is there any ilah (god) with Allah? Nay, but most of them know not.” [An-Naml :60-61]

Allah said:

“Allah is He Who sends the winds, so they raise clouds, and spread them along the sky as He wills, and then break them into fragments, until you see rain drops come forth from their midst! Then when He has made them fall on whom of His slaves as He will, lo! they rejoice! And verily before that (rain), just before it was sent down upon them, they were in despair! Look then at the effects (results) of Allah’s Mercy, how He revives the earth after its death. Verily! That (Allah) Who revived the earth after its death shall indeed raise the dead (on the Day of Resurrection), and He is Able to do all things.” [Ar-Rum :48-50]

Allah said:

“See you not that Allah drives the clouds gently, then joins them together, then makes them into a heap of layers, and you see the rain comes forth from between them. And He sends down from the sky hail (like) mountains, (or there are in the heaven mountains of hail from where He sends down hail), and strike therewith whom He will, and averts it from whom He wills. The vivid flash of its (clouds) lightning nearly blinds the sight.” [An-Nur :53]

Allah said:

“See you not that the ships sail through the sea by Allah’s Grace? That He may show you of His Signs? Verily, in this are signs for every patient, grateful (person). And when a wave covers them like shades (i.e. like clouds or the mountains of sea-water), they invoke Allah, making their invocations for Him only. But when He brings them safe to land, there are among them those that stop in the middle, between (Belief and disbelief). But none denies Our Signs except every perfidious ungrateful.” [Luqman :31-32]

Allah said:

“And if you would count the graces of Allah, never could you be able to count them. Truly! Allah is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful.” [An-Nahl :18]

Brothers and Sisters! I mentioned these verses in the context that Musa used them as evidence against the Atheism of Fir’aun (Pharaoh). These verses are appropriate for Musa’s detailed argument for the things he quoted. These verses are clear and supportive evidence. Allah’s Messenger (Peace be upon him) said:

“The prophets are paternal brothers; their mothers are different, but their religion is one.” [Al-Bukhari and Muslim]

The Prophets are Allah’s ambassadors to creation and the guiding light to Him. The methodology and eras are all different, but the goal and path is one. Their objective is to know Allah, believe in Him, worship Him and love him the Most High humbly.

I ask Allah to assist us in living by the Quran and Sunnah. I pray He lets us recognise the truth for what it is and helps us to follow it, and that He lets us see falsehood for what it is and helps us to avoid it.

O Allah! Guide us and protect us from the causes of ignorance and destruction! Save us from the defects of ourselves! Cause the last of our deeds to be the best and most righteous! And forgive all of us.

My Respected Brothers and Sisters! Know that, anything good I have said in my today’s Khutbah (Sermon) is from Allah the Almighty, and any mistakes are my own and we seek refuge in Allah from giving wrong advice and from all forms of calamities and fitnah. And I ask Allah’s forgiveness if I stepped beyond bounds in anything I said or I do.

May Allah be praised; and may the peace and blessings of Allah be upon His Messenger Muhammad and upon his family and Companions.

With this I conclude my Khutbah (Sermon) and ask Allah, the Almighty and the Sublime, to forgive all of our sins. So seek his forgiveness, He is all forgiving and Most Merciful.

This Jumu’ah Khutbah (Friday Sermon) was prepared for delivery today, Friday, Rabi’ul Thani 10, 1439 AH (December 29, 2017), by Imam Murtadha Muhammad Gusau, the Chief Imam of Nagazi-Uvete Jumu’ah and late Alhaji Abdurrahman Okene’s Mosques, Okene Kogi State, Nigeria. He can be reached via: +2348038289761 or gusaumurtada@gmail.com

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To You Be Your Religion And To Me Be Mine, By Imam Gusau

In the Name of Allah, the Most Beneficent, the Most Merciful

All praise is due to Allah and from Him proceeds all Grace.

Brothers and Sisters! The dealings of the Prophet, may the mercy and blessings of Allah be upon him, with other religions can best be described in the verse of the Quran:

“To you be your religion, to me be mine.” [Surah al-Kafirun]

The Arabian Peninsula during the time of the Prophet was a region in which various faiths were present. There were Christians, Jews, Zoroastrians, polytheists, and others not affiliated with any religion. When one looks into the life of the Prophet, one may draw on many examples to portray the high level of tolerance shown to people of other faiths.

But mind you, there’s no any place in the teachings of Islam that indicate that the Prophet Muhammad (Peace be upon him) participated in non Muslims worships, in their religious celebrations, in their festivals or in their religious services. Yes, we must peacefully coexist together, tolerate each other, assist each other, do halal businesses together, do things together for the progress and development of our country, but in terms of religion, to them be their religion and to us be our religion.

Allah the Most High said in Surah al-Kafirun:

“Say: “Oh, you who disbelieve! I do not worship that which you worship, Nor do you worship That Which I worship. Nor will I worship that which you have been worshipping, Neither will you worship That Which I worship. To you your religion and to me mine.”

It is narrated by Imam Muslim that the Messenger of Allah (Peace be upon him) used to recite this Surah with Surah Al-Ikhlas in two raka’at following tawaf of the Ka’abah; it is also narrated by Imam Muslim that he used to recite them in the two raka’at of fajr prayer; and Imam Ahmad narrates that the Messenger of Allah (Peace be upon him) used to recite them in the two raka’at before fajr prayer and in the two raka’at of maghrib prayer. It has also been narrated that Surah Al-Kafirun is equivalent to one quarter of the Quran. The Prophet, (Peace be upon him), also said: “Read: ‘Say: ‘Oh, you who disbelieve,’, then sleep at the end of it because it is freedom from shirk (associating partners with Allah).”

This Surah is freedom from shirk and it is an order to purify our faith (for Allah only) and the Words Say: ‘Oh you who disbelieve,’ includes all those who disbelieve in the world although those specifically addressed are the pagans of the Quraish. It was said that they proposed that the Messenger of Allah, (Peace be upon him), worship their gods for a year, then they would worship that which he worshipped (Allah) for a year, and so on. And so this Surah was revealed containing an order to the Prophet, (Peace be upon him), to declare his rejection of all that which they worship, and to say: I do not worship that which you worship, that is, their idols and the partners they associate with Allah.

“Nor do you worship that which I worship,” that is, Allah, Alone without partners.

“Nor will I worship that which you have been worshipping, neither will you worship that which I worship,” that is, I will not follow your mode of worship and I will worship only Allah in the way which pleases Him.

“Neither will you worship that which I worship” means, neither will you follow the Commands of Allah and His prescribed way of worship; indeed you have invented a thing for yourselves, as in His Words:

“They follow nothing but their own opinions and the (vain) desires of themselves, and Guidance has already come to them from their Lord.” [Al-Quran, 53:23]

And so he rejected all of their shirk, for the Messenger of Allah, (Peace be upon him), and all those who follow him worship Allah in the way prescribed by Him; for this reason the testimony of the Muslim is: La ilaha illallah, Muhammad ar-Rasulullah – None is worthy of worship except Allah and Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah. And there is no way to worship Him except that which was brought by the Messenger of Allah, (Peace be upon him). The polytheists worship deities besides Allah in a way not permitted by Allah and so He told the Prophet (Peace be upon him) to say to them: “To you your religion and to me mine”, as in His Words:

“And if they reject you, then say: ‘To me my deeds and to you your deeds and you are innocent of my accounts and I am innocent of yours…” [Al-Quran, 10:41]

And:

“For us our deeds and for you your deeds.” [Al-Quran, 28:55]

According to Imam Al-Bukhari your religion means kufr (disbelief) and my religion means Islam.

Abu Abdillah ash-Shafi’i says that the verse: “To you your religion and to me mine” shows that the disbelievers are one people … because disbelief in all its many manifestations has one thing in common – that is, falsity.

Allah the Most High said:

“Say (O Muhammad Peace be upon him): “O people of the Scripture (Jews and Christians): Come to a word that is just between us and you, that we worship none but Allah, and that we associate no partners with Him, and that none of us shall take others as lords besides Allah. Then, if they turn away, say: “Bear witness that we are Muslims.” [Quran, 3:64]

And all praise is due to Allah, Lord of the worlds. May the peace, blessings and salutations of Allah be upon our Noble Messenger, Muhammad, and upon his family, his Companions and his true followers.

Wassalamu Alaikum,

May the peace, mercy, guidance, protection and blessings of Allah be upon you all.

Your beloved brother:

Imam Murtadha Muhammad Gusau, from Okene, Kogi State, Nigeria. You can reached him through: gusaumurtada@gmail.com or +2348038289761.

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[Friday Sermon] A Muslim Christmas’s Gift To His Christian Brothers And Sisters, By Imam Gusau

In the Name of Allah, the Most Beneficent, the Most Merciful

All thanks and praise is due to Allah, we seek His help and forgiveness. We seek refuge in Allah from the evil within ourselves and the consequences of our evil deeds.

Whoever Allah guides will never be led astray, and whoever Allah leads astray will never find guidance. I bear witness there is no god but Allah, alone without any partners, and I bear witness that Muhammad is His Servant and His Messenger.

“O you who have believed, fear Allah as He should be feared and do not die except as Muslims in submission to Him.” [Quran, 3:102]

“O mankind, fear your Lord, who created you from one soul and created from it its mate and dispersed from both of them many men and women. And fear Allah, through whom you ask one another, and the wombs. Verily, Allah is ever watching over you.” [Quran, 4:1]

“O you who have believed, fear Allah and speak words of appropriate justice. He will then amend for you your deeds and forgive your sins, and whoever obeys Allah and His Messenger has certainly attained a great attainment.” [Quran, 33:70-71]

Verily, the most truthful speech is the Book of Allah, the best guidance is the guidance of Muhammad (Peace be upon him), and the worst affairs are newly invented matters (in the religion). Every newly invented matter is a religious innovation, and every religious innovation is misguidance, and every misguidance is in the Hellfire.

To proceed:

Brothers and Sisters! Christians and Muslims have differed for centuries over the nature and status of Jesus Christ. Both religions revere him and both believe him to be of virgin-birth. Both religions claim to know his true nature and purpose. Muslims believe that Christian leaders of old altered the scriptures in order to redefine the status of this Noble and virtuous Prophet of Almighty Allah. In fact, eminent Christian theologians readily admit that the Bible has been altered throughout the ages, so in that respect, there is no disagreement. The renowned Biblical scholar from the USA, Dr. Bart D. Ehrman, formerly the president of the Southeast Region of the Society of Biblical Literature stated that:

“One of the most amazing and perplexing features of mainstream Christianity is that seminarians who learn the historical-critical method in their Bible classes appear to forget all about it when it comes time for them to be pastors. They are taught critical approaches to Scripture, they learn about the discrepancies and contradictions, they discover all sorts of historical errors and mistakes.. They find that there are other books that were at one time considered canonical but that ultimately did not become part of Scripture, they come to recognize that a good number of the books of the Bible are pseudonymous (written in the name of an apostle by someone else), that in fact we don’t have the original copies of any of the biblical books but only copies made centuries later, all of which have been altered.” [See: Bart D. Ehrman, Jesus, Interrupted: Revealing the hidden contradictions in the Bible and why we don’t know About them]

This altering of the original message of Jesus is also stated in the Islamic texts: the Quran and Prophetic Hadith:

“VERILY, THIS IS THE TRUE NARRATIVE CONCERNING JESUS. INDEED ALLAH IS ALMIGHTY, THE ALL-WISE.” [Quran, 3:62]

Muslims believe that Allah sent another Prophet after the Prophet Jesus, whose coming was foretold in previous scriptures such as the Torah revealed to Moses (Musa) and in the Gospels that were revealed to Jesus (Isa). This final Prophet was Muhammad. Allah stated in the Quran:

“Say O Muslims: We believe in Almighty Allah, and that which has been revealed to us, and that which has been revealed to Abraham, Ishmael, Isaac, Jacob and to the Tribes of Israel, and that which has been given to Moses and Jesus, and that which has been given to the Prophets from their Lord. We do not discriminate against any of them, and to Him (the one true Allah) we have submitted.” [Quran, 2:136]

Allah also informed mankind that the previous scriptures have been changed, altering much of the original message, and can no longer be relied upon. So from Allah’s Mercy, He sent the final Prophet, whose name was Muhammad (Peace be upon him) with the final revelation, the Quran. Allah protected it from corruption and alteration. The following are some important points of belief with respect to Jesus (Peace be upon him):

1- Muslims believe that Jesus was born of miraculous birth. Allah said in the Quran:

“The example of Jesus in the sight of Allah is like the example of Adam. Allah created him from clay and then said to him: “Be!” And he came into being. This is the truth from your Lord so do not be from those who doubt.” [Quran, 3:59-60]

From the outset it must be made clear that Muslims believe that Jesus is a Prophet of Allah, born from virgin birth, from a Noble mother, Mary (Maryam), who was untouched by any man. The Angels said to Mary:

“O Mary, verily Allah has chosen you, purified you from unbelief and immoral conduct, and chosen you above the women of creation.” [Quran, 3:42]

Then she was informed that she would have a son:

“O Mary, verily Allah gives you the glad tidings of a word spoken by Him. His name will be the Messiah Jesus, son of Mary, held in honour in this world and in the Hereafter, and of those brought near to Allah.” [Quran, 3:45]

She was a virgin, untouched so she asked:

“O my Lord, how shall I have a son when no man has touched me?”

He replied:

“So it will be, for Allah creates what He wills. When He has decreed something, He only says to it, ‘Be!’ and it is.” [Quran, 3:47]

So Jesus was created from a command from Allah Almighty, he is not the son of God and nor is Mary “the mother of god.”

In defence of the accusations against his mother, Allah promised Mary that Jesus would speak whilst still a baby:

“He will speak to the people in the cradle and in manhood, and he will be one of the righteous.” [Quran, 3:46]

2- Muslims believe Jesus was a Prophet sent by Allah, not the son of God, nor part of a Trinity. After Jesus was taken into the Heavens, Christians incorrectly began to believe that since Jesus had no worldly human father, then God (Allah) must be his literal father, and so the author of the Gospels of John who never met Jesus, stated almost a century after Christ:

“For God so loved the world, that He gave His only begotten son.” [1 John 4:9]

Brothers and Sisters! The vast majority of Christian scholars do not believe that John or any of the Apostles wrote these words. So these are clearly not the words of God, nor the words of Christ. And this ultimately led to the Prophet Jesus (Peace be upon him) himself being worshipped by later Christians. Consequently this was the introduction of the worship of others besides Allah into Christianity. Islam categorically forbids this attribution of a son to Allah:

“Say: He is Allah, the One. Allah is the Self-Sufficient He begets not, nor was He begotten, And there is none co-equal or comparable unto Him.” [Quran, 112:1-4]

Indeed there is no proof to show that any of the disciples of Christ worshipped Jesus because they knew that to worship anyone other than God (whom the Muslims refer to as Allah) would be a clear violation of the first and most important of all the commandments in the Bible:

“You shall have no other gods before me. You shall not make for yourselves any graven image, or any likeness of anything that is in heaven above, or that is in the earth beneath, or that is in the water under the earth: You shall not bow down yourselves to them, nor serve them.” [Exodus 20]

Therefore to direct worship of any sort towards the beloved Prophet Jesus or his respected mother is a clear violation of this universally agreed upon commandment. Allah commands similarly in the Quran:

“And from His signs are the night and the day, and the Sun and Moon – so do not prostrate to the Sun or the Moon but prostrate to Allah alone, the one who created them if it is He whom you truly [claim to] worship.” [Quran, 41:37]

Furthermore Allah the Most High states:

“They have disbelieved who say: Allah is the Messiah son of Mary.” [Quran, 5:72]

And He said:

“They have disbelieved who say: Allah is the third of three [in a Trinity].” [Quran, 5:73]

3- Muslims believe that Jesus and Mary were Noble humans, Servants of Allah and not objects of worship. As such Muslims revere the Prophet Jesus, and they likewise revere Mary, the mother of the Messiah. Allah stated in the Quran:

“The Messiah son of Mary is but a Messenger of Allah and Messengers before him have passed away, and his mother was a truthful woman – they both used to eat food.” [Quran, 5:75]

In this verse Allah makes it clear that Jesus is a Messenger of Allah, Mary is a truthful woman and both were humans because they ate food, which was provided to them by their Lord – showing that they were reliant upon their Lord. For any Muslim to direct worship to a Prophet or any other being besides Allah is considered to be idolatry (Shirk).

4- Jesus was a sincere and humble servant of Allah:

“And behold! Allah will say on the Day of Judgment: ‘O Jesus son of Mary! Did you say unto men, worship me and my mother as gods instead of Allah?’ He will say: ‘Glory to Thee! Never could I say what I had no right to say. Had I said such a thing, You would indeed have known it. You know what is in my inner-self, though I know not what is in Yours. For You know in full all that is hidden. Never did I say to them anything except what You commanded me to say: ‘Worship Allah, my Lord and your Lord.’ And I was a witness over them while I lived among them. When You took me up, You were the Watcher over them, and You are a witness to all things.’” [Quran, 5:116-117]

Even in the Bible there are clear statements showing that Jesus (Peace be upon him) would direct worship to Allah. Read here a verse from the Christian Bible read by all Christian Arabs:

“And Jesus said to him: Why do you call me good? No one is good except Allah alone!” [Mark 10:18]

Here Jesus distinguishes himself from Allah, i.e. that he is the worshipper and Allah is the one to be worshipped. In the Old Testament of the Arabic Bible, we find the following:

“In the beginning Allah created the Heavens and the Earth.” [Genesis, verse 1]

Many Christians in the West become astonished when they read these words, because they imagined that Allah is exclusively the deity of the Muslims, but the reality is that Allah is the Lord and Allah who created Adam and made him the first Prophet, He is the same Allah who sent Noah, Abraham, Isaac, Ishmael, Jacob, Moses, John, Jesus and Muhammad (Peace and blessings be upon them all). Many people in the West perceive Allah as a “foreign” god of the Arabs. But now you can see that the name Allah refers to the One God, Lord and Creator of all existence, who has the sole right to be worshipped.

5- Muslims believe that Jesus was not crucified but rather he was taken up into the Heavens before he could be harmed:

“They said in boast: “We killed the Messiah Jesus son of Mary, the Messenger of Allah.” But they killed him not, nor did they crucify him – but it was only made to appear as such to them.” [Quran, 4:157]

The Quran also informs us:

“And remember when Allah said: O Jesus, I will take you and raise you to Myself and clear you from the forged statements of those who disbelieve.” [Quran, 3:55]

So he was raised to the Heavens before they could capture him and kill him. Then Allah placed his image on another who was killed in his place. This further leads to the Islamic belief that he was not resurrected after death because he did not die. However the Prophet Muhammad (Peace be upon him) stated that Jesus will descend before the Last Day to establish Allah’s worship and justice on earth, he will then die as others die. This ascension of Jesus into the heavens is also mentioned in the Bible:

“And while they were gazing into heaven as Jesus ascended, behold, two men stood by them in white robes (Angels), and said, “Men of Galilee, why do you stand looking into heaven? This Jesus, who was taken up from you into heaven, will come in the same way as you saw him go into heaven.” [Acts 1:11]

Christian scribes however decided to make this ascension seem as though it occurred after the so-called resurrection so as to fit in with later Christian doctrine which prescribed that Jesus “the son of God” died for the sins of mankind. So without the death and subsequent resurrection of Christ, this doctrine would have no validity. Islam teaches that each individual carries the burden of his own sins or the sins he teaches others – and Allah readily accepts the repentance of the believing servant when he seeks forgiveness from Allah by calling upon Him directly and seeking His Mercy without any need of intercessors. Islam is vehemently monotheistic and regards any act of worship directed towards other than Allah to be polytheistic. So worship such as supplication, prostration, seeking refuge, seeking divine aid, assistance and support, seeking forgiveness and deliverance and so on can only be sought from the one true God, Allah.

6- Muslims affirm and believe in the Miracles of Jesus (Peace be upon him) that took place by the permission of Allah:

“O Jesus son of Mary! Remember my favour to you and to your mother when I supported you with the Angel Gabriel so that you spoke to the people from the cradle as a baby and in maturity. Behold! I taught you the Book and the Wisdom, the Torah and the Gospel. And you made out of clay the figure of a bird and you breathed into it, and it became a living bird by my permission, and you healed those born blind, and the lepers by my permission. And behold! You brought forth the dead by my permission. And when I restrained the Children of Israel from you when they resolved to kill you after you came to them with clear proofs and those who disbelieved among them said, ‘This is nothing but magic.’” [Quran, 5:110]

Respected Brothers and Sisters! These miracles were performed by the permission of Allah as a sign for the people of his Prophethood and truthfulness. Many of the Prophets were given miracles by the permission of Allah: Moses (Musa) parted the Red Sea by Allah’s permission, Muhammad split the Moon in two by Allah’s permission and so on.

7- Jesus is the brother of the Prophets. The Prophet Muhammad (Peace and blessings be upon him) said:

“I am the closest of all the people to Jesus the son of Mary in this life and in the life after death.” His disciples asked him: “How is that O Messenger of Allah?” He replied: “The Prophets are paternal brothers – their mothers are different but their Religion is one, and there was no Prophet between myself and Jesus.”

It is established by way of the Torah, the Gospels, the Quran and the authentic Prophetic tradition that the lineage of Muhammad and Jesus goes back to the Prophet Abraham (Ibrahim Peace be upon him). Abraham had two sons: Ishmael and Isaac. Isaac’s son was Jacob also known as Israel. Jacob had twelve sons from whom emanate the Children and tribes of Israel and its Prophets. From the lineage of the Prophet Ishmael descended the Prophet Muhammad through the Arabian tribes. All of mankind are obligated by these revealed texts to accept Muhammad as the final Prophet and the Quran as the final revelation that has abrogated all previous revelations. Allah commanded humans to testify that, “there is no diety worthy of worship in truth except for Almighty Allah; and Muhammad is His servant and Messenger; and Jesus the son of Mary is His servant and Messenger.” You too can testify to this right now.

8- The unbelievers plotted against Jesus in his life to have him killed but Allah saved him. Allah said in the Quran:

“Meanwhile the disbelievers plotted to have Jesus killed, and Allah plotted in response, and Allah is the best of plotters.” [Quran, 2:54]

The unbelievers plotted to kill Jesus, but Allah plotted in response to the wrongdoers. So this deemed the plot of Allah to be a praiseworthy attribute because it established justice. Allah changed the form and features of one of the people present so that he resembled Jesus. It is said that one of those who plotted against Jesus was changed by Allah to look like Jesus, and was executed in his place, though he pleaded that he was not Jesus. He left out to get Jesus killed but found himself being arrested and executed. So that sealed the plot of Allah against them in the best way. Another saying is that when the unbelievers came to seize Jesus, Jesus asked his disciples who would wish to take his place in this world to be seized and killed, and in turn receive the promise of Paradise for his sacrifice. So one of the disciples stepped forward, was seized and executed. In this is the fruition of the plot of Allah in response to their plotting in that they were not able to kill Jesus. Allah stated:

“They say in boast, ‘We killed the Messiah Jesus son of Mary, the Messenger of Allah.’ But they killed him not, nor did they crucified him, but the resemblance of Jesus was put over another man.” [Quran, 4:157]

9- Muslims believe that Jesus (Peace be upon him) is the anointed Messiah who will return at the end of time and fight and kill the Anti-Christ (Dajjal). The Prophet Muhammad (Peace be upon him) said:

“By Him in whose Hand is my very soul, Jesus son of Mary will soon descend among you as a just judge. He will break the cross, kill the swine, abolish the jizyah (the duty paid by non-Muslims living under the protection of a Muslim country) and the wealth will pour forth to such an extent none will accept charity.” [Bukhari]

The cross is not but an object of torture and execution used in ancient times, it is not a symbol of God or Christ. So it is strange that centuries after Christ, it was used as a charm, kissed, revered and worshipped – would Jesus recognise this strange practice to be a teaching that he taught his disciples? Furthermore, Jesus himself was not crucified so it has no connection to him, even symbolically. The Prophet Muhammad (Peace be upon him) also said:

“There is no Prophet between me and Jesus (Peace be upon him). He will descend to the earth, and when you see him, you will recognise him as a man of medium height, reddish fair, wearing two light yellow garments, he will look as if drops were falling down from his head though it will not be wet… He will kill the Antichrist and will live on the earth for forty years and then die. Then the Muslims will pray the funeral prayer for him.” [Abu Dawud]

So the true followers of Jesus today believe also in Muhammad as a Messenger and devoted Servant of the same Allah who sent Jesus.

10- Choose Islam today: The Prophet Muhammad (Peace be upon him) said:

“Whoever says, ‘I testify that none has the right to be worshipped except Allah alone, He has no partners in worship – and Muhammad is His devoted Servant and Messenger, and Jesus is His devoted servant, the son of His maid-servant Mary, he was Allah’s Word which He announced unto Mary and His spirit – and he testifies that Paradise is true, and Hellfire is true, then Allah will enter him into Paradise through whichever of the eight gates of Paradise he pleases.” [Bukhari]

This single utterance spoken sincerely and truthfully will enter you into the Islamic fold and put you on a path to Paradise and Allah’s eternal pleasure.

“Educated, intelligent Christian men and women are accepting the Islam of Noah, Abraham, Moses, Jesus and Muhammad after learning and verifying that Christ’s original true message was fused with Egyptian and Roman mythology to create a new religion so as to make it palatable and acceptable to Roman [Pagan] Europe. I have studied him (Muhammad), that wonderful man, and in my opinion, far from being an Anti-Christ, he must be called the saviour of humanity.” [George Bernard Shaw, in his book ‘The Genuine Islam’]

TO US (MUSLIMS) AND EVERY SINCERE SEEKER OF TRUTH, JESUS IS A RESPECTED PROPHET, BELOVED MESSENGER AND DEVOTED SERVANT OF ALLAH, NOT GOD OR SON OF GOD.

I ask Allah to assist us in living by the Quran and Sunnah. I pray He lets us recognise the truth for what it is and helps us to follow it, and that He lets us see falsehood for what it is and helps us to avoid it.

O Allah! Guide us and protect us from the causes of ignorance and destruction! Save us from the defects of ourselves! Cause the last of our deeds to be the best and most righteous! And forgive all of us.

My respected people! Anything good I have said in my today’s Khutbah (Sermon) is from Allah the Almighty, and any mistakes are my own and I seek refuge in Allah from giving wrong advice and from all forms of calamities and fitnah. And I ask Allah’s forgiveness if I stepped beyond bounds in anything I said or I do.

May Allah be praised; and may the peace and blessings of Allah be upon His Messenger Muhammad and upon his family and Companions.

With this I conclude my Khutbah (Sermon) and ask Allah, the Almighty and the Sublime, to forgive all of our sins. So seek his forgiveness, He is all forgiving and Most Merciful.

This Jumu’ah Khutbah (Friday Sermon) was prepared for delivery today, Friday, Rabi’ul Thani 3rd, 1439 AH (December 22, 2017), by Imam Murtadha Muhammad Gusau, the Chief Imam of Nagazi-Uvete Jumu’ah and late Alhaji Abdurrahman Okene’s Mosques, Okene Kogi State, Nigeria. He can be reached via: +2348038289761 or gusaumurtada@gmail.com

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Protection Against Kidnappers, Jinn And All Evil Persons, By Imam Gusau

In the Name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful

Brothers and Sisters! Collected by Diya’ Deen Al-Maqdasi no. 1260, in Ahadith Al-Mukhtar Isnad sahih that:

“Ubay Ibn Ka’ab (RA) had a basin of dried dates. There were some dates missing, so that night he stood guard over them. Suddenly a riding animal appeared resembling a young man. The creature gave Salams, thus Ubay Ibn Ka’ab returned them. Ubay asked the beast are you a Jinn or a human. The creature replied, “No, I am a Jinn. Ubay Ibn Ka’ab said: “Give me your hand.” The Jinn extended his hand and strangely enough his hand was like a dog’s paw with hair like a dog’s fur. The jinn said, “This is the way the Jinn are created.” Ubay said: “That night I learnt something about the Jinn and in their midst is a being more courageous than myself. I asked, “Why did you come here?” The Jinn replied, “News reached me that you love to give charity, so I came for some of your food. “Ubay Ibn Ka’ab asked, “What protects us humans against you? “The Jinn said: “Ayatul Kursiyyu in Suratul Baqarah (2: 255). Whoever reads it in the evening will be safe against us until the morning and whoever reads it in the morning will be shielded from us until the evening. The next morning I went to the Messenger of Allah (Peace be upon him) and told him what happened. He said: The evil one has spoken the truth.”

Benefits for this subject:

Brothers and Sisters! This Hadith was collected by Diya-din Al-Maqdasi in Ahadith Al-Mukhtar. It wasn’t narrated within the other nine books of Hadith (Muwatta Malik, Musnad Ahmad, Bukhari, Muslim, Abu Dawud, At-Tirmithi, An-Nasa’i, Ibn Majah, and Ad-Darami). [See Zawa’id Al-Ahadith Al-Mukhtar of Diya’ Din Al-Maqdisi, compiled by Shaykh Salih Ahmad Ash-Shami]

Although this Hadith isn’t collected in those books of Hadith there are two other similar stories that happened among the Sahabah (RA). At the end of each story the Prophet affirmed the Jinn/Shaitan spoke the truth. For example:

1-  The Hadith of Abu Hurairah (RA) in Sahihul Bukhari, no. 5010.

2- The Hadith of Abu Ayyub Al-Ansari (RA) in Musnad Imam Ahmad, At-Tabarani and Hakim.

Ubay Ibn Ka’ab:

Ubay Ibn Ka’ab Ibn Qais Ibn Ubaid (RA) witnessed the battle of Badr and the pledge of Aqabah. Umar Ibn Khattab used to call him the leader of the Muslims. Ubay Ibn Ka’ab is among the Companions who issued fatawa, was a reference for contemporary issues during his era, and was the first one to write for the Prophet (Peace be upon him). [See Al-Isabah fi tamyiz As-Sahabah, by Hafiz Ibn Hajar al-Asqalani, vol. 1 page 35]

Ayatul Kursiyyu ( 2: 255):

No single verse in the Quran encompasses the meanings that Ayatul Kursiyyu does. [See Jawab Ahlul Ilm, by Ibn Taimiyyah, page 133]

“Whoever reads it in the evening will be safe against us until the morning and whoever reads it in the morning will be safeguarded from us until the evening.”

Brothers and Sisters! The timings for the morning to say this verse begins at Fajr (Subh) and continues until forenoon. The evening period to say this verse starts from Asr and continues until the middle of the night. If a person oversleeps and wakes up at 11.a.m, then Inshaa Allah there is no harm if he reads Ayatul Kursiyyu then. [Shaykh Muhammad Uthaimin, in Fatawa Nur ala ad-Darb, no. 6375 and no. 6376]

It’s enough for a person to move his lips and make sure the letters come out of his mouth than recite it loudly. [Shaykh Muhammad Al-Uthaimin, in Fatawa Nur ala Ad-Darb, no. 6368]

Some whispers that a Muslim possibly will be safeguarded against the following evil actions by practicing this Sunnah:

1. From having doubt in Allah.

2. From the thought to apostate.

3. From having bad thoughts about the scholars.

4. From the idea to worship Allah by committing un-legislated (Bid’ah) and Haram acts.

5. From the inspiration to divide and split Muslims.

6. From the encouragement to fall into shirk heedlessly.

7. From the coercion to sin.

[See Inqazul Muslimin min waswasatil Jinn wash Shayatin, page 37, by Shaykh Abu Nasr Muhammad Al-Imam]

Abu Hurairah (RA) Narrated:

“In Surah al-Baqarah there is a verse which is the best of all the verses of the Quran. It is never recited in a house but the Satan leaves: Ayatul Kursiyyu.”

“Everything has its pinnacle and the pinnacle of the Quran is Surah al-Baqarah. In it there is a verse which is the greatest in the Quran: Ayatul Kursiyyu.” [at-Tirmidhi]

Ibn Mas’ud (RA) says that a person requested Rasulullah (Peace be upon him) to teach him something that will benefit him. “Prophet Muhammad (Peace Be Upon Him) said, ”Recite Ayatul Kursiyyu, it will protect you, your children, home and even those houses surrounding your house.”

Surely, recitation of this verse Ayatul Kursiyyu of Noble Quran brings us under the protection of Allah who is the best protector in this world. Abu Hurairah reported that:

“Prophet Muhammad (Peace be upon him) ordered me to guard the Zakah revenue of Ramadan. Then somebody came to me and started stealing of the foodstuff. I caught him and said, “I will take you to Allah’s Messenger! “That person said (to Abu Hurairah), “Please don’t take me to Allah’s Messenger and I will tell you a few words by which Allah will benefit you. When you go to your bed, recite Ayatul Kursiyyu, (2:255) for then there will be a guard from Allah who will protect you all night long, and Satan will not be able to come near you till dawn.” When the Prophet heard the story he said (to me), “He (who came to you at night) told you the truth although he is a liar, and it was Satan.” [Sahih Al-Bukhari]

And all praise is due to Allah, Lord of the worlds. May the peace, blessings and salutations of Allah be upon our Noble Messenger, Muhammad, and upon his family, his Companions and his true followers.

Wassalamu Alaikum,

Your Brother:

Imam Murtadha Muhammad Gusau, from Okene, Kogi State, Nigeria. He can be reached via: +2348038289761.

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Prophet’s Birthday (Al-Maulid) Between Us Who Oppose It And Our Brothers/Sisters Who Celebrate It, By Imam Gusau

Saturday, Rabi’ul Awwal 13, 1439 AH (December 2nd, 2017)

In the name of Allah, the Most Beneficent, the Most Merciful

Brothers and Sisters! Celebrating the birthday of Prophet Muhammad (al-maulid) is actually a very controversial practice in Islam on which Muslims disagree. Misunderstanding over this issue evokes strong emotions and often leads to bitter arguments among the Muslims. As such, we need to place this topic in scholarly perspective and remember to behave kindly and mercifully to our Muslim brothers and sisters.

* Prophet’s Birthday (al-maulid) Celebration in History

The month of Rabi’ul-Awwal (the First Spring Season) of the Islamic Calendar is well known in the entire Muslim world as Shahr al-Maulid (the Month of Birth) of the Prophet Muhammad (Peace be upon him). Although the precise date of his (Prophet) birth is disputed among the historians and scholars, but 12 of Rabi’ul-Awwal is acknowledged in most places as national holiday.

As a matter of fact in Islam there are only two holidays: Eid-ul-Fitr (the first day after the fasting month Ramadan) and Eid-ul-Adha.

Now the question is: Why do the Muslim Ummah make other days during the year as the Islamic holidays? Why the Prophet’s birthday is celebrated and considered as a holiday?

My respected people! Going deeply into the sirah (biography) of the Prophet Muhammad (Peace be upon him), nobody can trace the tradition of Maulid (the Prophet’s birthday) celebration or other celebrations of very important days in Islamic history. Never the Prophet (Peace be upon him) nor his close Companions or people who followed him and his companions encouraged people to make his birthday as a special day. Nobody knows exactly when the first celebration of the Prophet’s birthday was celebrated or marked as a holiday.

Noted in history that the celebration was found during the reign of Wazir al-Afdlal (487-515 AH/1095-1121 CE) of the Fatimite regime in Egypt. The celebration was held during the day time and attended by government officials and Muslim spiritual leaders in town. The Fatimite Amir as a head of state sat in the balcony of the palace and three speakers in sequence delivered their Maulid speeches. They talked about Prophet Muhammad’s (Peace be upon him) origin, his birthday and his life. At that time, celebration was not only for the Prophet’s birthday but also the birthday of Ali (the Prophet’s cousin), Fatimah (his daughter) and the Amir as the present Imam of Shi’ite Muslim. The influence of the Shi’ite doctrine of the celebration of the Prophet’s birthday (maulid) was very clear and is still eminence in modern Egypt even today. Foreign tourists who visited Cairo several times or anybody who ever stayed there for a long period will note that Husain’s birthday (the Prophet’s grandson) was celebrated more thoroughly and illuminiously than the Prophet’s birthday, in the meantime the majority of Muslims in Egypt today adhere to Ahlus Sunnah’s wal jama’ah Islam.

Ibnu Khalikan’s historical report says that Ahlus Sunnah version of the Prophet’s birthday celebration was introduced in Egypt by Al-Malik Muzaffar Ad-Din Kukburi in 604 AH/1207 CE. Kukburi was brother of Salahuddin al-Ayyubi (Saladin). These were the days of Crusade where almost 200 years waves after waves of crusaders from Europe came to the heart of the Muslim world in the Middle East to fight Muslims in their own countries.

During the crusade a process of acculturation took place. Both Islamic and Christian culture exchanged views on many things and each tried to put its influence on the other. Christians brought sciences, technologies and wisdom of the East to Europe, and Muslim imitated some festivals and feasts of the Christians who lived among them. One of these feasts is the tradition to celebrate the birth of the Prophet Muhammad (Peace be upon him) as Christians celebrated the birthday of Jesus Christ, known as Christmas.

This Christian impact is clearly seen in the use of wax light in Maulid festival, torchlight procession, mass entertainment’s, special cakes and foods on the occasion, etc. A big festival was organized and attended by a huge number of people from Cairo and its vicinities. The Amir as a head of the state and the Sufi orders played a significance role in the festival.

A tower made of wood for the Amir was erected in the courtyard of the palace. People attending the festival were entertained by groups of musicians and singers of various kind. Week after week during the month of Maulid, streets of Cairo were overcrowded by people who celebrated the occasion. On the eve of Maulid, after Maghrib prayer, people under the command of the Amir paraded on the street of Cairo starting from the Citadel proceeding to the Palace. In their hands were torches. On the Maulid Day all citizens assembled in the courtyard of the Palace where a tower made of wood had been erected. Beside the tower stands a pulpit for the speakers who would sermon the audience and narrate the story of the Prophet’s birthday. The Amir was not only able to see the whole audience from the tower but also watched the troops who parade on one corner of the courtyard. Guests of honour were received by the Amir on the tower and were given Jubbah of honour (long dress for man). On the evening the Amir and officers of the state celebrated the Maulid with sufis in their zawiyah (place where the sufis preferably offer their rituals and sufis practices).

From Egypt the tradition of Maulid was spread to Makkah and the land of Hijaz in Arabia (by the strangers from Egypt). From the Holy City where Muslim peoples of different nationals assembled during the hajj season each year, the tradition was spread to North Africa, Morocco and Andalusia (Spain). To the north it was spread to Syria, Iraq, Turkey and Balkan peninsula, and to the south, to Yemen and Hadramaut, and to the east, to Southeast Asia, Indonesia and to the whole of Africa.

Brothers and Sisters! Today, without knowing its origin, the Maulid celebration and commemoration has become part of religious and cultural life of many Muslims. Even in some rural areas, the Maulid celebration is identical with parties to commemorate a child’s birthday, the day of child’s circumcision, marriage, etc.

Brothers and Sisters! Even the great scholar of Islam, Imam As-Suyuti, although he supports celebrating the Prophet birthday (maulid), admits that it was a practice that was instituted several centuries after the Prophet (Peace be upon him) and his companions.

Imam As-Suyuti said:

“The first to institute celebrating the birthday was the ruler of Irbil, the king Muzhaffar Abu Sa’id Kukbari Ibn Zain al-Din Ibn Baktagin, one of the great and noble rulers who left behind many good works.” [See Husn Al-Maqsad fi Amal Al-Mawlid of Imam As-Suyuti]

* The Arguments of Those who Celebrate the Maulid !!!

Those who think that this birthday (Maulid) should be continued produce specious arguments which are flimsier than a spider’s web. These specious arguments may be Inshaa Allah dealt with as follows:

1 – Their claim that this is veneration of the Prophet (Peace be upon him):

Our response to that is that the way to venerate him is to obey him, do as he commanded and avoid that which he forbade, and to love him; he is not to be venerated through innovations, myths and sins. Celebrating his birthday is of this blameworthy type because it is a sin. The people who venerated the Prophet (Peace be upon him) the most were the Sahabah, his Companions, as Urwah Ibn Mas’ud said to Quraish:

“O people, by Allah I have visited kings. I went to Caesar, Chosroes and the Negus, but by Allah I never saw a king whose companions venerated him as much as the companions of Muhammad venerated Muhammad (Peace be upon him). By Allah, whenever he spat it never fell on the ground, it fell into the hand of one of his companions, then they wiped their faces and skins with it. If he instructed them to do something, they would hasten to do as he commanded. When he did ablution (wudu), they would almost fight over his water. When he spoke they would lower their voices in his presence; and they did not stare at him out of respect for him.” [Al-Bukhari].

Yet despite this level of veneration, they never took the day of his birth as an Eid (festival). If that had been prescribed in Islam they would not have neglected to do that.

2 – Using as evidence the fact that many people in many countries do this:

Our response to that is that evidence consists of that which is proven from the Prophet (Peace be upon him), and what is proven from the Prophet is that innovations are forbidden in general, and this is an innovation. What people do, if it goes against the evidence, does not prove anything, even if many of them do it. Allah the Most High said:

“And if you obey most of those on the earth, they will mislead you far away from Allah’s path.” [Quran, 6:116]

Nevertheless, in every age, praise be to Allah, there have always been those who denounce this bid’ah and state clearly that it is false. Those who persist in following it after the truth had been explained to them have no proof.

Among those who denounced the celebration of this occasion was Shaykhul-Islam Ibn Taymiyah, in his blessed Book Iqtida’ as-Sirat al-Mustaqim; Imam ash-Shatibi in his Book al-I’tisam; Ibn al-Haj in his Book al-Madkhal; Shaykh Taj al-Din Ali Ibn Umar al-Lakhami who wrote an entire book denouncing it; Shaykh Muhammad Bashir al-Sahsawani al-Hindi in his Book Siyanah al-Insan; al-Sayyid Muhammad Rashid Rida wrote a separate essay on this topic; Shaykh Muhammad Ibn Ibrahim alush-Shaykh wrote a separate essay on it; Shaykh Abdul-Aziz Ibn Baz, Shaykh Al-Albani, Shaykh Al-Uthaimin, Shaykh Fauzan, Shaykh Rabi’, Shaykh Muqbil, Shaykh Abubakr Mahmud Gumi and others who are still writing and denouncing this bid’ah every year, at the time when this bid’ah is being done. Mind you, don’t try to tell me that the Saudi scholars and leaders supports or celebrates Prophet birthday (maulid)! It’s a lie and among the fake news going round in the social media!!

3 – They say that by celebrating the maulid they are keeping the memory of the Prophet (Peace be upon him) alive:

Our answer to that is that the memory of the Prophet (Peace be upon him) is constantly kept alive by the Muslim, such as when his name is mentioned in the Adhan and Iqamah and in Khutbahs, and every time the Muslim recites the Shahadatain after doing Wudu (ablution) and in the prayers, and every time he sends blessings (Salati) upon the Prophet (Peace be upon him), in his prayers and when he is mentioned, and every time the Muslim does a wajib (obligatory) or mustahab (recommended) action that was prescribed by the Messenger (Peace be upon him). In all of these ways (the Muslim) remembers him and the reward equivalent to the reward of the one who does that action goes back to the Prophet (Peace be upon him). Thus the Muslim constantly keeps the memory of the Messenger (Peace be upon him) alive and has a connection with him night and day throughout his life through that which Allah has prescribed, not only on the day of the maulid and things which are bid’ah and go against the Shari’ah and the Sunnah, for that wallahi puts one at a distance from the Messenger (Peace be upon him), and the Messenger (Peace be upon him) will disown him because of that.

The Messenger (Peace be upon him) has no need of this innovated celebration, because Allah has already bestowed veneration and respect upon him, as He says:

” … and raised high your fame … ” [Quran, 94:4]

For Allah is not mentioned in the Adhan, Iqamah or Khutbah except that the Messenger (Peace be upon him) is mentioned after Him; this is sufficient veneration, love and renewal of his memory, and sufficient encouragement to follow him.

Allah did not refer to the birth of the Messenger (Peace be upon him) in the Quran, rather He referred to his Mission, and says:

“Indeed, Allah conferred a great favour on the believers when He sent among them a Messenger (Muhammad) from among themselves.” [Quran, 3:124]

And:

“He it is Who sent among the unlettered ones a Messenger (Muhammad) from among themselves.” [Quran, 64:2]

4 – They may say that the celebration of the Prophet’s birthday was introduced by a knowledgeable and just king who intended thereby to draw closer to Allah. Our response to that is that bid’ah is not acceptable, no matter who does it. A good intention does not justify a bad deed and even if a person died as a knowledgeable and righteous person, this does not mean that he was infallible.

5 – They say that celebrating the mawlid comes under the heading of bid’ah hasanah (“good innovation”) because it is based on giving thanks to Allah for the birth of Prophet (Peace be upon him)!

Our response to that is that there is nothing good in innovation (in religion). The Prophet (Peace be upon him) said:

“Whoever innovates anything in this matter of ours (i.e., Islam), that is not part of it will have it rejected.” [Narrated by al-Bukhari]

And he said:

“Every innovation is a going astray.” [Narrated by Ahmad]

The ruling on innovations is that they are all misguidance, but this specious argument suggests that not every bid’ah is a going astray, rather there are good innovations.

Al-Hafiz Ibn Rajab said in Sharh al-Arba’in:

“The words of the Prophet (Peace be upon him) ‘every innovation is a going astray’ is a concise but comprehensive comment which includes everything; it is one of the most important principles of religion. It is like his words ‘Whoever innovates anything in this matter of ours (i.e., Islam), that is not part of it will have it rejected.’ Whoever innovates anything and attributes it to Islam when it has no basis in the religion, this is a going astray and is nothing to do with Islam, whether that has to do with matters of belief or outward and inward words and deeds.” [Jami’ al-Ulum wal-Hikam, page 233]

Brothers and Sisters! These people have no proof that there is any such thing as a “good innovation” apart from the words of Umar concerning Tarawih prayers, “What a good innovation this is.” [Sahih al-Bukhari, Mu’allaqan; al-Fath 4/294]

They also said that things were innovated which were not denounced by the Salaf (Pious predecessors), such as compiling the Quran into one volume and writing and compiling the Hadith.

Our response to that is that these matters had a basis in Islam, so they were not newly-invented. Umar said: “What a good bid’ah” meaning innovation in the linguistic sense, not in the Shar’i sense. Whatever has a basis in Islam, if it is described as an innovation, is an innovation in the linguistic sense, not in the Shar’i sense, because innovation in the Shar’i sense means that which has no basis in Islam.

And compiling the Quran into one book has a basis in Islam, because the Prophet (Peace be upon him) had commanded that the Quran be written down, but it was scattered, so the Sahabah compiled it in one volume so as so protect and preserve it. The Prophet (Peace be upon him), led his companions in praying Tarawih for a while, then he stopped doing that, lest that become obligatory on them. The Sahabah continued to pray it separately during the life of the Prophet (Peace be upon him) and after his death, until Umar Ibn al-Khattab gathered them behind one Imam as they used to pray behind the Prophet (Peace be upon him). This was not an innovation introduced into the religion.

Writing down the Hadith also has a basis in Islam. The Prophet (Peace be upon him) ordered that some Ahadith (plural of Hadith) should be written down for some of his companions when they asked him for that. In general terms writing it down during his lifetime was not allowed, for fear that the Quran might be mixed with things that were not part of it. When the Prophet (Peace be upon him) died, this fear was no longer a factor, because the Quran had been completed and arranged in order before he died. The Muslims compiled the Sunnah after that in order to preserve it and keep it from being lost.

We may also say to them: why was this act of thanksgiving (the maulid), as they call it, not done by the best generations, the Sahabah, Tabi’in and followers of the Tabi’in, who loved the Prophet (Peace be upon him) most and who were most keen to do good and give thanks? Are those who introduced the innovation of the mawlid more rightly-guided than them? Do they give more thanks to Allah? Definitely not!

6 – They may say that celebrating the birthday of the Prophet (Peace be upon him) is indicative of their love for him; this is one way of showing that, and showing love of the Prophet, peace and blessings of Allah be upon him, is prescribed in Islam!

Our answer to that is that undoubtedly loving the Prophet (Peace be upon him) is obligatory for every Muslim; he should love him more than he loves himself, his child, his father and all the people – may my father and mother be sacrificed for him – but that does not mean that we should introduce innovations for doing so that have not been prescribed for us. Loving him dictates that we should obey him and follow him, for that is one of the greatest manifestations of love, as it is said:

“If your love is sincere then obey him; for the lover obeys the one whom he loves.”

Loving the Prophet (Peace be upon him) implies keeping his Sunnah alive, adhering firmly to it, and avoiding words and deeds that go against it. Undoubtedly everything that goes against his Sunnah is a reprehensible innovation and a manifest act of disobedience. That includes celebrating his birthday and other kinds of bid’ah. A good intention does not mean that it is permissible to introduce innovations into the religion. Islam is based on two things, purity of intention (Ikhlas) and following (the Prophet). Allah says:

“Yes, but whoever submits his face (himself) to Allah (i.e. follows Allah’s religion of Islamic Monotheism) and he is a Muhsin (a doer of good) then his reward is with his Lord (Allah), on such shall be no fear, nor shall they grieve.” [Quran, 2:112]

Submitting one’s face to Allah means being sincere towards Allah, and doing good means following the Messenger of Allah (Peace be upon him) and implementing the Sunnah.

7 – Another of their specious arguments is when they say that by celebrating the Prophet’s birthday (maulid) and reading the biography of the Prophet (Peace be upon him) on this occasion, they are encouraging people to follow his example! We say to them that reading the biography of the Prophet (Peace be upon him) and following his example are required of the Muslim all the time, all year long and throughout his life. But singling out a specific day for that with no evidence for doing so is an innovation, and every innovation is a going astray. Bid’ah does not bear any fruit but evil and it leads to a person distancing himself from the Prophet (Peace be upon him).

Brothers and Sisters! Wallahi, without any doubt, celebrating the birthday of the Prophet (Peace be upon him) whatever form it takes, is a reprehensible innovation. The Muslims should put a stop to this and other kinds of bid’ah, and occupy themselves with reviving and adhering to the Sunnah. They should not be deceived by those who promote and defend this bid’ah, for these types of people are more interested in keeping innovations alive than in reviving the Sunnah; they may not even care about the Sunnah at all. Whoever is like this, it is not permissible to imitate him or follow his example, even if the majority of people are like this. Rather we should follow the example of those who follow the path of the Sunnah, among the righteous Salaf (predecessors) and their followers, even if they are few. Truth is not measured by the men who speak it, rather men are measured by the truth.

The Prophet (Peace be upon him) said:

“Whoever among you lives (for a long time) will see many differences. I urge you to follow my Sunnah and the way of the rightly-guided Caliphs who come after me. Hold on to it firmly. Beware of newly-invented matters (in the religion), for every innovation is a going astray.” [Narrated by Ahmad and at-Tirmidhi]

So the Prophet (Peace be upon him) explained to us in this Hadith what we should do when there are differences of opinion, just as he explained that everything that goes against his Sunnah, be it words or deeds, is a bid’ah, and every bid’ah is a going astray.

If we see that there is no basis for celebrating the birthday of the Prophet (Peace be upon him), whether in the Sunnah of the Messenger of Allah (Peace be upon him) or in the way of the rightly-guided Caliphs, then it is one of the newly-invented matters, one of the bid’ah which lead people astray. This principle is what is implied by this Hadith and is what is indicated by the verse:

“O you who believe! Obey Allah and obey the Messenger (Muhammad), and those of you who are in authority (our leaders). (And) if you differ in anything amongst yourselves, refer it to Allah and His Messenger, if you believe in Allah and in the Last Day. That is better and more suitable for final determination.” [Quran, 4:59]

Referring to Allah means referring to His Book (the Quran), and referring to the Messenger (Peace be upon him) means referring to his Sunnah after he has passed away. The Quran and Sunnah are the reference point in cases of dispute. Where in the Quran or Sunnah does it indicate that it is prescribed in Islam to celebrate the Prophet’s birthday (maulid)? Whoever does that or thinks that it is good must repent to Allah from this and from other kinds of bid’ah. This is the attitude of the true servant of Allah and the sincere Muslim who is seeking the truth. But whoever is too stubborn and arrogant after proof has been established, then his reckoning will be with his Lord (Allah).

* Was Imam Ibn Taymiyyah really for the Maulid ???

Brothers and Sister! Some people claim that Ibn Taymiyyah was for the Maulid (not against it) and as ‘evidence’ they produce the following paragraph from his words:

“And similarly what some people innovate by analogy with the Christians who celebrate the birth of Isa (Jesus), or out of love for the Prophet (Peace be upon him) and to exalt him, and may Allah reward them for this love and effort, not on the fact that it is an innovation…” [Taken from “Majmu’ Al-Fatawa”, Vol. 23 page163, and “Iqtida’ As-Sirat Al-Mustaqim”, page 294-295, Section entitled, “The innovated festivals of time and place.”]

From the above words is seems as if this great Imam, Mujahid and Scholar of Islam, was for the maulid and saw it as something legitimate and rewardable.

However, this is a false interpretation of his words. Here is what Ibn Taymiyyah actually said along with a better translation of the text:

“? ???? ?? ????? ??? ????? ??? ?????? ?????? ?? ???? ???? ???? ????? ? ??? ???? ????? ??? ???? ???? ? ??? ? ?????? ?? ? ???? ?? ?????? ??? ??? ?????? ? ??????? ? ??? ?????.”

“And like that, what some people have innovated, be it out of analogy to the Christians in the birth of Isa (Jesus) or be it out of love for the Prophet (Peace be upon him) and honour for him and Allah, they may be rewarded for this love and ijtihad, not for the innovation.”

So it is clear that Imam Ibn Taymiyyah classed it an innovation, and saw no reward for the deed.

For more information please refer to the Book: “The Erroneous and Invalid In Muhammad Hisham Kabbani’s Maulid”, By Shaykh Abu Khalil, Dar Al-Kitab Wal-Hikmah publishing. Page 30-32.

Again Imam Ibn Taymiyyah said regarding the celebration of the Prophet’s birthday (maulid):

“Indeed, what they do is like the Christians who have taken the various days of Isa (Jesus), upon him be peace, as celebrations, as well as the Jews. The celebrations in Islam are legislated by Allah to be followed and nothing should be invented in the religion that does not belong to it. Such is the case of what some people have invented, either in imitation of the Christians who celebrate Jesus’s birthday or out of love for the Prophet, peace and blessings be upon him, and exalting his status. Allah might reward them for their love and their reasoning (ijtihad) but not for the innovation (bid’ah) of which they take the birthday of the Prophet as a celebration.” [Iqtida’ As-Sirat Al-Mustaqim 1/294]

Brothers and Sisters! To conclude, I think the celebration of the Prophet’s birthday is a matter of legitimate scholarly disagreement. Both sides invoke established principles in Islam, although they disagree about which principle should take precedence in this case. Yet, followers and preachers on either side sometimes go to extremes in denouncing others or including baseless practices on this day, both of which harm the unity and harmony of the Muslim community.

We should remember to behave with each other with gentleness, fairness, and humility, and to remain united in our love of Prophet Muhammad (Peace be upon him) and Islam even if we strongly disagree on some issues.

Allah the Most High said:

“Hold firmly to the rope of Allah all-together and do not become divided.” [Quran, 3:103]

We ask Allah to unite our hearts in the love of Allah and His Messenger and in following the Prophetic teachings in the best manner. Ameen.

Allah knows best.

And all praise is due to Allah, Lord of the worlds. May the peace, blessings and salutations of Allah be upon our Noble Messenger, Muhammad, and upon his family, his Companions and his true followers.

May the peace and blessings of Allah be upon you all.

Your Brother:

Imam Murtadha Muhammad Gusau, from Okene, Kogi State, Nigeria. The Imam can be reached through: gusaumurtada@gmail.com or +2348038289761.

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[Friday Sermon] In The Messenger Of Allah You Have A Good Example To Follow, By Imam Gusau

In the name of Allah, the Most Gracious and the Bestower of Mercy

All thanks and praise is due to Allah, we seek His help and forgiveness. We seek refuge in Allah from the evil within ourselves and the consequences of our evil deeds.

Whoever Allah guides will never be led astray, and whoever Allah leads astray will never find guidance. I bear witness that there is no god but Allah, He is alone without any partners, and I bear witness that Muhammad is His servant and His Messenger.

“O you who have believed, fear Allah as He should be feared and do not die except as Muslims in submission to Him.” [Quran, 3:102]

“O mankind, fear your Lord, who created you from one soul and created from it its mate and dispersed from both of them many men and women. And fear Allah, through whom you ask one another, and the wombs. Verily, Allah is ever watching over you.” [Quran, 4:1]

“O you who have believed, fear Allah and speak words of appropriate justice. He will then amend for you your deeds and forgive your sins, and whoever obeys Allah and His Messenger has certainly attained a great attainment.” [Quran, 33:70-71]

Verily, the most truthful speech is the Book of Allah, the best guidance is the guidance of Muhammad, and the worst affairs are newly invented matters (in religion). Every newly invented matter is a religious innovation, and every religious innovation is misguidance, and every misguidance is in the Hellfire.

Servants of Allah! In this Quranic verse: “Indeed in the Messenger of Allah Muhammad (Peace be upon him), you have a good example to follow.” [Quran 33:21], mentions the expression “good example”, i.e. someone whom people imitate and follow.

This Quranic verse is a great principle in following the example of the Prophet (Peace be upon him), in his words and action. However, the verse does not specify in details the stages of this imitation and following it does not specify what is an obligation for us to imitate and what is only desirable. However, there are details about this in the books of jurisprudence.

Brothers and Sisters! Imitating and following the Prophet (Peace be upon him), is not restricted to the principles only, but also in branches. For instance, washing our private parts after relieving oneself with our right hand is forbidden according to some scholars, may Allah have mercy on them, as the Prophet (Peace be upon him), forbade us from doing so, and this is included in the branches. Washing our private parts from urine and excrement is an obligation and this is also included in branches. Eating with the right hand and the like are also among the matters in which we imitate the Prophet (Peace be upon him).

However, one should know that there is a difference between the Sunnan (plural of Sunnah) referring to actions of worship that we imitate the Prophet (Peace be upon him), either as an obligation or just as something desirable, and the Sunnan referring to habitual acts that the Prophet (Peace be upon him) used to do like combing his hair, (the manner of) turning back, having a bath from a container, the way he used to walk, and so forth.

A Muslim is not obliged to imitate him in these things although following his example in such matters means following the best and complete example, but whoever does not imitate him in such matters, is not sinful, and it is hoped that whoever imitates him, will be rewarded for that.

I hope that by now we have clarified some important issues, which is that imitating the Prophet (Peace be upon him) could be an obligation, or something desirable, either in principles or in branches and that there is a difference between the Sunnah about actions of worship and a habitual Sunnah.

In principle the actions of the Prophet (Peace be upon him) should be imitated and copied.

Imam Al-Bukhari wrote a chapter in his book entitled: “The chapter of imitating the actions of the Prophet (Peace be upon him).”

Imam Al-Hafiz Ibn Hajar, may Allah have mercy upon him, when commenting on this chapter in Fath  al-Bari stated the following verse as an evidence:

“Indeed in the Messenger of Allah (Muhammad) you have a good example to follow for him who hopes in (the Meeting with) Allah and the Last Day and remembers Allah much.” [Quran, 33:21]

Some of the people of knowledge are of the view that it is obligatory to imitate the Prophet (Peace be upon him), as this is explicit in the Order of Allah as He says:

“And whatsoever the Messenger (Muhammad) gives you, take it, and whatsoever he forbids you, abstain (from it), and fear Allah. Verily, Allah is Severe in punishment.” [Quran, 59:7]

Allah also says:

“Say (O Muhammad to mankind): “If you (really) love Allah then follow me (i.e. accept Islamic Monotheism, follow the Quran and the Sunnah), Allah will love you and forgive you of your sins. And Allah is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful.” [Quran, 3:31]

Allah also says:

“…And follow him (Muhammad) so that you may be guided.” [Quran, 7:158]

Therefore, we have to imitate him in his actions and his words unless there is evidence that a specific action of the Prophet (Peace be upon him) was only desirable to imitate or that it was peculiar to him. Therefore, you should know that the evidence of imitating him in his words and actions, are not restricted only to the above verses, because the principle in his actions is that they are to be imitated unless there is evidence that they are peculiar to him (Khususiyyah).

This includes also running the affairs of the Muslims while in peace or during wars, and this is what is called ‘politics.’

The Companions understood this principle, which is to imitate the Prophet’s actions and words.

Imam Al-Bukhari stated in his chapter (already mentioned) that Ibn Umar, may Allah be pleased with both the father and the son, said:

“The Prophet wore a golden ring, then all the people wore golden rings. Then the Prophet said: “I made use of a golden ring, then he threw it away and said: “I will never wear it again”, so the people threw their rings away as well.”

As regards the actions that are peculiar to the Prophet only (Khususiyyah), these cannot be confirmed except with an evidence. The matters that are peculiar to the Prophet are known and the scholars wrote many books about that. And we do not know of any scholar who said that running the affairs of the people (politics) is something peculiar to him, and that this matter is the same as marrying more than four women, and so on.

Here it is worth mentioning that one should note what the meaning of politics in religion is. We mention here a debate which is mentioned by Imam Ibn Al-Qayyim in his book Bada’i Al Fawa’id, between Ibn Aqil Al-Hambali and a Shafi’i scholar. He says in his book:

“There is no politics except what is in accordance with the Shariah.” Ibn Aqil said: “Politics is any action that people do and which is closer to righteousness and further from evil and mischief even if this action was not established by the Prophet (Peace be upon him) or sent down as a revelation.”

Imam Ibn Al-Qayyim considered that what Ibn Aqil said was good, as he says:

“If the signs of justice appear, and its purpose become evident in any way, then this is the Shari’ah and religion of Allah.”

There is no contradiction between this and what we have mentioned previously about imitating the Prophet (Peace be upon him), because, if the means by which a benefit is achieved is not in contradiction with a religious text, then this is in accordance with what Prophet (Peace be upon him) was sent with and is not contrary to it.

Those who keep on repeating such things, want to restrict the religion to acts of worship only, and want to eradicate religion from practical life so that secularism will be applied in the life of the Muslims. They do every thing they can to provide any justification that confuses the Muslims about this matter.

Brothers and Sisters! I say that I mentioned the opinion of the scholars in relation to the order concerning imitating the actions of the Prophet (Peace be upon him) and what is peculiar to the Prophet (Peace be upon him) only and not to his Ummah.

Servants of Allah! The Prophet Muhammad’s (Peace be upon him) lifestyle and level of virtue are important in the acceptance and spread of the religion he conveyed. No contradiction can be seen between the beautiful traits he had before he became a Prophet and those he displayed as a model of behaviour during his apostleship. This indicates that his virtue conformed to the morality pointed out in the Quran. For example, because he was well-known for his sincerity, honesty, mercy, truthfulness and reliability even before he became a Prophet, he was called “Muhammad al-Amin, (Muhammad the Trustworthy).”

At a time when we understand more with each passing day the importance of being a “human being” first, the fact that Muhammad was first a human being and then a Prophet needs to be considered once again. If we do not want to limit Islam and Islam’s Prophet to a particular time and culture, then we have to understand the universal subtleties of his teaching that goes beyond time. In order to be a good Muslim, undoubtedly it is necessary to first be a good human being. In order to be a good human being, a role model is needed.

Servants of Allah! Showing Prophet Muhammad (Peace be upon him) as a role model in the development of an ideal personality requires that his personal qualities have universal dimensions. For the individual principles of a model person should be able to be evaluated from a broader and more general perspective than just traditional cultures. In other words, such a person must have a personality suitable to principles that are accepted as indispensable by different perceptions and understandings and that do not change according to time and place. This puts forth the necessity of first being a “human being” for all mankind who are equal as servants to Allah, regardless of which religion or belief they adhere to.

When looked at from the perspective of personality development and training, it can be seen that the noble characters of Prophets always possess the ability of exalting the personalities of people around them who are at different levels of development. It should be recalled that before Prophet Muhammad received revelation, he spent a long time among his tribe equipped with his special traits. Personality consists of “making natural qualities habitual by training and shaping them,” behaviour consists of a person reflecting these habits in a way suitable to his role in society. Prophet Muhammad had a noble character before he became a Prophet. Reliable historical documents are full of examples proving this. Even if he had not been commanded by revelation, he was still sincere, honest, chaste, merciful, charitable, truthful and trustworthy. He was polite and empathetic towards women and compassionate towards children before Allah commanded him to be. These universal values he exhibited in his personality were the reason the Quran showed him as an example to mankind.

Brothers and Sisters! It can not be denied that his being the recipient of divine revelation exalted his personality to its zenith, as much as it led him to convey and explain the revelation. However, if we accept that someone without any admirable personal traits can gain them with revelation, then we are all sentenced to wait for revelation in order to attain a noble personality. In reality, however, due to the fact that there is no comparison between common individual traits like the potential strength of the ego, the capacity to make willful choices, and the capability for comparison and judgment between the exemplary person and the person taking the model, no one can have an excuse for behaving lazily in efforts to transform his character make-up.

We see that for centuries some Muslims have not been able to differentiate between taking someone as a role model and imitation. The reason for this is their lack of knowledge and their choosing the easy way out. However, in love felt for the Prophet it is necessary to know and understand his life, personality, and basic principles with their real essence and not by stories adorned with a number of lies, superstitions, innovations and sophistry. For true love demands responsibility. The real road that should be taken as an example passes through love with understanding, not crying.

I would like to give several examples of the natural qualities of being a human being that he left us; these correspond with historical truths and, approved by the Quran, they have become symbolized in the personality of the Prophet Muhammad (Peace be upon him).

The most obvious and basic indication of his superior personality is the Prophet’s truthfulness. Since the truthful one can be chaste, the chaste can be pious, and the pious can be a believer, as “A believer doesn’t lie,” it was inevitable that he be truthful. Even the Quraish mushriks/pagans who resisted accepting his Prophethood and message never doubted Prophet Muhammad in regard to his truthfulness. One day on the road to Badr, Ahnis bin Sharik said to Abu Jahil:

“Hey Abul-Hakam, no one can hear us here. Tell me your opinion of Muhammad. Is he truthful or is he a liar?” Abul Jahil replied: “I swear that Muhammad is definitely truthful; he has never told a lie!”

Khadijah may Allah be please with her, had rejected the marriage offers even of prominent tribal chiefs, but proposing to Muhammad herself, she married him because she greatly admired his virtues and character. Her words to Muhammad when the first revelation came are clear evidence that he was equipped with both truthfulness and the traits expected to be found in a perfect personality. She said:

“O Muhammad! You don’t need to feel any fear or anxiety; don’t worry! Allah will not embarrass a servant like you. I know that you tell the truth, fulfill trusts, show interest in your relatives, help the poor, open your door to the destitute and aid people who have undergone calamity. Remain constant! I swear to Allah that I am hopeful that you will be the Prophet of this community.”

Muhammad is a more humble human being than we think! Although he is a “mercy to the worlds,” he never saw himself superior to anyone else. Even before those who loved him with enough self-abnegation to say, “May my mother and father be sacrificed for you, O Messenger,” he never lost his humility: He reproached those who praised him excessively by saying, ” Don’t go to extremes in praising me like when the Christians say that Jesus is ‘the son of Allah.’ I am only Allah’s servant. Regarding me say, ‘Allah’s servant and Messenger.'”

Even though he was the “Prophet of Both Worlds,” he did not have others do his personal tasks. As related by Aisha: when she was asked, “What would he do at home?” she responded, “He did what everyone else does. He would mend his clothing, repair his shoes, milk his goats; he took care of his own work.”

He did not make distinctions among people, and he taught those who did that it was wrong. He said:

“Know that no Arab is superior to a non-Arab; no non-Arab to an Arab; no white to a black; and no black to a white. There is only superiority only in piety.”

Pointing out that together with making things easy, it was necessary to be forgiving, the Prophet demonstrated this with his way of living, his words, and verses from the Noble Quran. He aimed to beautify and give order to his own life and the lives of others in the light of Almighty Allah’s commands and recommendations.

Prophet Muhammad always treated women, slaves, war captives, children and animals with mercy in every stage of his life.

And patience! It is certain that patience is mandatory for every beautiful and good work. That beautiful person was extremely patient – to what came from Allah and what materialized from His servants. However, when his eyes became tearful from the grief of losing his son Ibrahim, he acted naturally like any father would. This not only taught that the pain of losing a child is an unbearable feeling that affects the human spirit and that at such a moment
men can cry, too, but at the same time he demonstrated with body language the necessity of bowing to fate and avoiding excessive behaviour that does not become a person of faith. He expressed the mistakenness of becoming overly attached to the passing next to the permanent, and the error of rebelling against Allah’s will with long periods of mourning and wailing. Famous Orientalist M. Watt says:

“Contemporaries of Muhammad were unable to see any moral flaws in him.”

Flaws were not seen after his time either, and they will not be seen! For his virtue was the Quran and was praised in the Quran.

As a result, the Prophet being one of us as a person makes it easier for us to understand him, and his being morally superior makes it easier for us to love him. In addition to loving Muhammad and taking him as a model, it is necessary to sincerely consider under what conditions he would love us and, turning the mirror towards ourselves, to look bravely into it and see how much we have been able to resemble that perfected personality. Plus we need to think, he was with us, but how much are we with him? At times we saw him as a compassionate father, at times as a sincere teacher, at times as a guide, at times as an authoritative leader, and at times as a just and fair husband. How about us? In this age when we are this far removed in time and place, are we able when necessary to be to him like his daughter Fatima, like his son Zaid, like his friend Abu Bakr, and like his life Companion Khadijah? Or, if he were in our place in today’s conditions, how would he have lived in accordance with the teaching of the Quran and Sunnah? If we had taken our place by his side, which one of the people around him would we resemble? By means of this auto-critique, which should reappear in the minds of believers, we will have taken an important step on the subject of updating our understanding of him and our conforming to his Sunnah (Peace be upon him).

I ask Allah to assist us in living by the Quran and Sunnah. I pray He lets us recognise the truth for what it is and helps us to follow it, and that He lets us see falsehood for what it is and helps us to avoid it.

O Allah! Guide us and protect us from the causes of ignorance and destruction! Save us from the defects of ourselves! Cause the last of our deeds to be the best and most righteous! And forgive all of us.

My respected people! Anything good I have said in my today’s Khutbah (Sermon) is from Allah the Almighty, and any mistakes are my own and we seek refuge in Allah from giving wrong advice and from all forms of calamities and fitnah. And I ask Allah’s forgiveness if I stepped beyond bounds in anything I said or I do.

May Allah be praised; and may the peace and blessings of Allah be upon His Messenger Muhammad and upon his family and Companions.

With this I conclude my Khutbah (Sermon) and ask Allah, the Almighty and the Sublime, to forgive all of our sins. So seek his forgiveness, He is all forgiving and Most Merciful.

This Jumu’ah Khutbah (Friday Sermon) was prepared for delivery today, Friday, Rabi’ul-Awwal 12, 1439 AH (December 1st, 2017), by Imam Murtadha Muhammad Gusau, the Chief Imam of Nagazi-Uvete Jumu’ah and late Alhaji Abdurrahman Okene’s Mosques, Okene Kogi State, Nigeria. He can be reached via: +2348038289761.

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