[Friday sermon] The Dangers Of Homosexuality And Lesbianism In Islam By Imam Murtadha Gusau

In the Name of Allah, the Most Gracious, and the Most Merciful

Alhamdulillah. Indeed, all praise is due to Allah. We praise Him and seek His help and forgiveness. We seek refuge with Allah from the evil within ourselves and from our wrongdoings. He whom Allah guides, no one can misguide; and he whom He misguides, no one can guide.

I bear witness that there is no (true) god except Allah – alone without a partner, and I bear witness that Muhammad (SAW) is His ‘abd (servant) and Messenger.

“O you who have believe! Revere Allah the right reverence, and do not die except as Muslim.” (Surah Ali-Imraan, 3:102)

“O people! Revere your Lord who has created you from a single soul, created from it its mate, and dispersed from both of them many men and women. Revere Allah through whom you demand things from one another; and (cherish the ties of) the wombs, indeed, Allah is ever watchful over you.” (Surah An-Nisaa’, 4:1)

“O you who have believe! Revere Allah and say fair words. He will then rectify your deeds and forgive your sins. He who obeys Allah and His Messenger have certainly achieved a great victory.” (Surah Al-Ahzaab, 33:70-71)

Indeed, the best speech is Allah’s (SWT) Book and the best guidance is Muhammad’s (SAW) guidance. The worst affairs (of religion) are those innovated (by people), for every such innovation is an act of misguidance leading to the Fire.

My respected people!

In this materialistic age when everything is being sacrificed at the altar of ‘freedom’, the world from east to west is witnessing a total collapse of morality and decency. Virtue is portrayed as evil, while sins of every type are being glamourized so as to seem acceptable to society. Honesty, sincerity, fidelity, generosity, kindness, piety, chastity, the fear of Allah, etc. are rarely looked upon as praise worthy qualities, while adultery, fornication, gambling, fraud, usury, cheating, stinginess, insincerity, hypocrisy, abortion, homosexuality, lesbianism etc. are fast becoming the order of the day.

In many of the so-called democracies, there is no longer any stigma in even committing sins openly because of the many corrupt laws that support such sins. In fact, today, in some of the world’s biggest ‘democracies’ the more a leader publicizes his immoral and adulterous exploits, the more his popularity seems to increase and the greater his chances of being re-elected by the people.

But the saddest part of this is that while the Muslims were supposed to lead the world out of this turmoil and offer it Islam as the solution to its problems, they have begun to embrace the bankrupt ways of those who are themselves groping in the darkness of ignorance. Unfortunately many of the abominable practices found in the West and other non-Muslims societies are creeping into Muslim societies. May Allah protect us!

It is time for the Muslim Ummah to awaken from its slumber and realize that it is the duty of every Muslim to remind the whole of mankind that success lies only in fulfilling the orders of Allah in the way shown by our Prophet (SAW). This Sermon is to discuss the issue of homosexuality and lesbianism in Islam. Although the masculine gender has been used in this Sermon, it applies to both males and females alike.

My Respected Brothers and Sisters!

In the spirit of Islamic brotherhood and in keeping with the Sunnah of our beloved Prophet who has said: “None of you has imaan [faith] until he loves for his brother what he loves for himself’, please allow me to offer to you the following words of advice:

Every true believer living in this world faces the wrath and punishment of Allah Ta’ala. Are you safe, O my brother, from the punishment of Allah Ta’ala? The question each one of us has to ask himself is: Would you like to be amongst those who will be punished tomorrow, on the day in which neither wealth nor children will be of any benefit except to that person who appears before Allah with a pure and clean heart? Would you be happy if your soul were reduced to the lowest position after Allah had created it in the best of forms? Would you allow yourself to be disgraced in front of the whole of mankind and the entire creation on the Day of Qiyamah [Reckoning]? Certainly you would not like any of this to happen to you!

Please let me share with you some brotherly advice regarding just one evil that has become so widespread today – especially amongst the youth. I know that there may be many questions roving in your mind regarding the evil:

  • What is this sin?
  • Is it so grave that we have to discuss it?
  • What is the solution to it?
  • How can we save ourselves from it?
  • What are the harms and the consequences of it?

Do not be too hasty for soon you will find answers to your entire questions inshaa Allah.

My beloved Brothers and Sisters!

You are certainly aware that the sin of homosexuality is haram. But do you know how serious this crime is and just how despicable it is in the sight of Allah Ta’ala? Just imagine, my dear, that when it is against the very nature of man, nay even of animals, what is the position of the person who indulges in it! Is such a person unaware that Allah Ta’ala in all His Grandeur, Might and Power – is watching him while he indulges in his haram act? Is he not aware that Allah Ta’ala has the power to send down upon him a swift and severe punishment or even seize him while he is involved in it? What will his position be when he appears before his Rabb, his Lord and sustainer on the day of Qiyamah?

“And such is the grasp of your Rabb (Lord) when He seizes a community while it transgresses! Certainly His grasp is very painful.” (Surah Hud, 102)

Let us now look at a few verses of the Qur’an, Ahaadith, narrations of the Sahabah (RA) and sayings and verdicts of the Ulama regarding the sin of homosexuality or sodomy and lesbianism. Thereafter, let us see what are some of the diseases that spread as a result of it as well as some solutions. May Allah Ta’ala grant us the ability to follow His guidance and the Sunnah of His beloved Prophet (SAW).

* Beware!

Our beloved Rasulullah (SAW) said:

“Certainly the thing I fear most on my Ummah is the (wicked) practice of the people of Lut (AS).” (Tirmizi, Ahmad, Ibn Hajr Al-Haythami, Ad-duri and Al-Aajurri all recorded it)

Ali bin Abi Talib (RA) relates:

“Whoever allows himself to be used sexually (by becoming a homosexual or sodomite), Allah Ta’ala will expel from him the natural desire for women.”

Najeeb As-Sirri (RA) says:

“They (i.e. our pious elders) would even dislike looking at handsome young boys.”

Prophet (SAW) has also said:

“Lesbianism by women is adultery between them.” (Tabarani)

Once Abul Aswad (RA) brought a letter which he showed to one of his students and said:

“I bear witness ‘that this letter was dictated by Ali bin Abi Talib (RA), to Abul Aswad: “When men (i.e. homosexuals)will (sexually) satisfy themselves with men and, women (i.e. lesbians) with women, then earthquakes will occur, faces will become transformed and stones will rain down from the skies.”

Prophet (SAW) has also said:

“May Allah curse him who does what Lut’s (AS) people did.” (Ibn Hibban)

*A lesson from history

It is a well known fact that when this wretched disease spread among one nation in the past, Allah Ta’ala caused punishments to rain down from the skies upon them. Allah mentions their story in many places in the Qur’an. At one place He says:

“And (we also sent) Lut (AS) (as a Messenger). Behold, he said to his people, do you do what is shameful even though you see (that it is wrong)? Would you really approach men in you lusts rather than women? Nay, you are a grossly ignorant people! His people gave no other answer but this: they said, ‘Drive out the followers of Lut from your city. These are indeed men who want to be clean and pure! But we saved him and his family except his wife: We destined her to be of those who lagged behind and we rained down on them a shower (of stones). And evil was the shower on those who were admonished (but failed to heed).” (Surah an-Naml 54-58)

At yet another place, Allah the Most High says:

“Do you approach the males of humanity, leaving the wives Allah has created for you? But you are a people who transgress.” (Surah Ash Shu’ara, 165-166)

From the first verse (Ayah), we learn that these people had themselves admitted that the family of Lut (AS) who had imaan [belief in Allah] was decent, chaste and morally pure. They also acknowledged that the family of Lut (AS) refrained from this filthy practice. They realized this since it is natural for every person to immediately recognize the pure way of life inspired by Allah Ta’ala when they see it and also to make out any type of unnatural and perverted behaviour.

In the tafsir [commentary] of these verses, it is mentioned that both homosexuality and Lesbianism were being practiced by the people of Lut When Allah decided to punish them, He commanded Jibreel (AS) to lift the village of Lut to the extent that the angels of the first heaven (Sky) could actually hear the barking of their dogs. Jibreel (AS) then turned them over and dropped them from this tremendous height. Thereafter, Allah Ta’ala caused scorching hot stones to rain down upon them. This is how this nation ended up being an example for the rest of mankind until the Day of Judgment (Qiyamah).

Imam Al-Ajurry Rahmatullahi alaihi has said:

“Allah Ta’ala has informed you about the despicable act of homosexuality committed by the people of Lut (AS) – and how He punished them by first snatching away their eyesight. Jibreel (AS) was then instructed to uproot their cities with all its inhabitants until they were high up in the sky and then turn over their cities upon them. Thereafter, they were pelted with stones of clay.” Such was their punishment that not a single citizen or traveler could save himself from the stones and from being completely destroyed. It is said that they were four million people in number.” (See Tafsir ibn Kathir P. 471 vol.2)

Brothers and Sisters!

Let us reflect! Why did Allah Ta’ala punish them so severely in such a manner that He had never punished any other nation before? Surely their sin must have been really serious for Allah Ta’ala to have punished and destroyed them in this way.

*Disgrace in this world

The acts of homosexuality and lesbianism are certainly a perversion and a serious deviation from the inherent nature of man. These acts of defiance against human nature are also even viler and uglier than adultery. There is consensus among both Muslims and the followers of other religions that lesbianism and homosexuality are evil and filthy practices. Thus it is not surprising to find that Islam so vehemently prohibits it and adopts such a severe attitude against it.

The punishment awaiting such people in the Hereafter has already been explained, but what about their punishment in this world? Since such type of behaviour was previously totally unknown to the Arab people, there is no record of any such incident having occurred during the time of Rasulullah (SAW) or that he was faced with a case of this nature. However, it has been confirmed that Rasulullah (SAW) said:

“Kill the one who sodomizes and the one to who lets it be done to him.” (Tirmizi)

Abu Bakr (RA) had passed such a ruling and Ali (RA) was very severe in his ruling against such a crime. It is established that once Khalid bin Walid (RA) found a man in the frontiers of Arabia marrying another man in the way a woman marries a man, so he wrote about it to Abu Bakr (RA). When Abu Bakr (RA) consulted with the Sahabah (RA), Ali (RA) who was the severest in his condemnation of it, said: “Only one out of the many nations had indulged in it and you all know how Allah had dealt with them. I feel that he should be destroyed by fire.” So Abu Bakr (RA) wrote back to Khalid (RA) who then put the man to death by means of fire.

Ibn Qasar and Ibn Taymiyyah Rahmatullahi alaihim have said: “All the Sahabah (RA) were unanimous that he should be killed though some of them differed in the manner in which it should be done. Abu Bakr (RA) said that he should be executed by being thrown from a great height. Another view of Ali (RA) was that a wall should be dropped upon him. Ibn Abbas (RA), Ali, Jabir bin Zaid (RA), Abdullah bin Ma’mar (RA), Imam Zuhri and Imam Malik Rahmatullahi alaihim have said that those who commit the evil deed of the people of Lut (AS) should be stoned to death, whether they be married or unmarried. This is also one of the narrations of Imams Ahmad, Shafi’i and Abu Thaur Rahmatullahi alaihim.

Ibn Abbas (RA) was once asked about the punishment for the homosexual. He replied:

“He should be taken to the top of the highest building in the town and thrown headlong from there. Then he should be pelted with stones.”

Jabir bin Zaid (RA) used to say:

“The prohibitive decree of the anus is far more serious than the prohibitive decree of the vagina.”

In other words, the prohibition against anal intercourse is far more severe than the prohibition against illegitimate sexual intercourse (adultery or fornication with a woman).

*Dangers in this world

Among the evil consequences of this sin are the many deadly and contagious diseases that result from it. Some of these illnesses are such that medical science – with all its might, power and advanced technology – has failed to combat or even fully comprehend, let alone cure it. Certainly no one is able to rise above the will of Allah Ta’ala and escape His Wrath!

Some of these fatal diseases are:

  • AIDS: There is no cure for it. Allah (SWT) hides its cure from the people in order to punish them. It is contracted and spread through unlawful sexual intercourse and perverted sexual acts like homosexuality and lesbianism.
  • GONORRHEA: This causes inflammation of the testicles, blockage of the urethra, inflammation of the joints and sterility.
  • SYPHILIS: This is a type of venereal disease commonly known among the Arabs as ‘the English Disease’ since its origin lies in European societies where free intermingling of the sexes and immorality is rife. It results in insanity, paralysis, blindness, and other neurological disorders. It also leads to blood vessel damage and death.
  • GENITAL HERPES: This causes inflammation of the lymphatic glands. It also gives rise to chronic festering of tumours, inflammation of the urethra, severe pain in the joints and swelling of the limbs.
  • HEPATITIS B: Its symptoms include fever, fatigue, nausea and jaundice. It results in chronic hepatitis or liver cancer.

My respected people!

These are only a few of the many deadly diseases caused by perverted sexual behaviour. Could anyone ever desire contracting any of them?

May Allah Ta’ala protect us all from all types of evil, Ameen!

*The way to salvation

My Beloved Brothers and Sisters!

Practicing on complete Islam is certainly the key to our success in this world and the Hereafter. Islam has provided us with the solution to problems in every sphere of our lives. Without doubt, the road to saving ourselves is simple and as clear as daylight – and it is to keep ourselves far away from this grievous sin.

The following are some means that will help you to do this:

  1. Do Taubah (i.e. repent sincerely) to Allah and turn to Him.
  2. Stay away from the company of evil people or friends who glamourize and glorify those deeds and things that are sinful and make them appeal to you. The company that the youth keep plays the greatest role in either reforming or corrupting them. Therefore, choose for yourself the company of righteous people who will be of help and benefit to you in the matters of your Deen (Religion) and your Dunya (worldly affairs).
  3. Turn yourself and your gaze away from all those things that arouse the passions, like looking at and staying in the company of beardless, young lads or even pictures of them, of which films, magazines, etc. are brimming.
  4. Make every effort to get married in order to remain pure and chaste and respond to the call of our beloved Prophet (SAW) who has said: “O Assembly of youth! Those of you, who have the means to get married, should do so. And whoever is unable to do so, must fast. For this is certainly a protection for him.” (Sahih Bukhari and Sahih Muslim)
  5. Fast in abundance in order to suppress the carnal desires and passions. Our Rasulullah has said: “Certainly Shaytan (Satan) flows in (the body of) man like the flowing of blood. So, subdue him by keeping fast.” (Sahih Bukhari P. 273, Book on fasting)
  6. Spend your spare time in those activities that will benefit you because the mind of an idle person becomes the target of sinful thoughts whispered by Shaytan and your nafs (the self which commands a person to do evil).

*And finally… my dear Brothers and Sisters!

What is the person who indulges in this evil waiting for? Is he waiting for the moment when death will suddenly overtake him while he is busy committing this sin? Has he given any thought to the condition of his father who had worked so hard to earn a living in order to bring him up and to see to his needs? How proud his father used to be of him, when he was a little boy, whenever he attended any gatherings! Has he thought about the condition of his mother who spent long, restless nights awake for the sake of his comfort? Is he now going to repay them with shame and disgrace them in front of everyone?

Or, is he waiting for death to overtake him while he is in the act of this despicable sin? Death certainly does not fix a time with us nor does it postpone its arrival for anyone, whether young or old!

My dear Brothers and Sisters!

This precious life is a special gift to us from our beloved Creator, Allah, so that we may perform virtuous deeds and earn His pleasure. In fact the main aim behind everything we do should be the pleasure of Allah – and this is real meaning of success:

“But the pleasure of Allah is the highest (achievement)… this is the greatest success.” (Surah Tawbah, 72)

Our life in this world is also a test from Allah. He has placed us in this world and created desires within us. But He has not made this world the place for the fulfillment of our desires. Here, we must fill our hearts with the fear of Allah and suppress our own desires and give priority to the wishes and orders of Allah over our own desires. In return for this, our Allah has promised to reward us with Jannah, the everlasting place of indescribable beauty and happiness that He has reserved for us in the Akhirah.

“And for them who had feared standing before their Rabb (their Lord and sustainer), (on the day of Qiyammah) and had restrained (their) soul from lower desires, certainly Jannah will be their Abode.” (Surah An-Naazi’at, 40-41)

And since Jannah has been created as the actual place for the satisfaction of all our desires, everything there will be according to our wishes. Allah promises:

“Therein shall you have all that your souls shall desire; therein shall you have all that you ask for, a hospitable gift from One Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful!” (Surah Fussilat, 31-32)

In conclusion, my dear brothers and sisters, I hope I have been able to illustrate clearly, yet briefly the Islamic view regarding this sin and some of its harm so that it may serve as an eye-opener for those not involved in it and a means of earnestly repenting to Allah Ta’ala for those who have fallen into the trap of Shaytan. It is now your duty, my beloved brothers and sisters, to inform each and every youth of the sinfulness of this vice and its dangers and earn abundant reward from Allah Ta’ala.

I ask Allah, the All-Mighty, the All-Powerful to grant all of us the ability to turn to Him in repentance and to make what I have written and you have read a witness in our favour and not against us. Amin. For Allah alone grants the Muslims the ability to do what is beneficial for them.

O Allah, I pray that you blessed our country Nigeria with a concrete and sustainable peace, unity and progress, ameen.

 

This Khutbah (Friday Sermon) was prepared for delivery today, Friday, Raby’ al-awwal 7, 1437 AH (December 18, 2015), by Imam Murtadha Muhammad Gusau, the Chief Imam of Nagazi-Uvete Jumu’at’s Mosque and Alhaji Abdurrahman Okene’s Mosque Okene, Kogi state Nigeria. For correction, advice etc., he can be reached via: +2348038289761.

 

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[Friday Sermon] The Manners And Etiquettes Of Driving In Islam, By Imam Murtada Gusau

By Imam Murtada Gusau,

In the Name of Allah, the Beneficent and the Most Merciful

Alhamdulillah. Indeed, all praise is due to Allah. We praise Him and seek His help and forgiveness. We seek refuge with Allah from the evil within ourselves and from our wrongdoings. He whom Allah guides, no one can misguide; and he whom He misguides, no one can guide.

I bear witness that there is no (true) god except Allah – alone without a partner, and I bear witness that Muhammad (SAW) is His ‘abd (servant) and Messenger.

“O you who have believe! Revere Allah the right reverence, and do not die except as Muslims.”(Surah Ali-Imraan, 3:102)

“O people! Revere your Lord who has created you from a single soul, created from it its mate, and dispersed from both of them many men and women. Revere Allah through whom you demand things from one another and (cherish the ties of) the wombs, indeed, Allah is ever watchful over you.” (Surah An-Nisaa’, 4:1)

“O you who have believe! Revere Allah and say fair words. He will then rectify your deeds and forgive your sins. He who obeys Allah and His Messenger have certainly achieved a great victory.”(Surah Al-Ahzaab, 33:70-71)

Indeed, the best speech is Allah’s (SWT) Book and the best guidance is Muhammad’s (SAW) guidance. The worst affairs (of religion) are those innovated (by people), for every such innovation is an act of misguidance leading to the Fire.

My respected people,

From the rapid pace of development and change the modern world continues to see, it is from the blessings of Allah given to mankind through which they continue to benefit and enjoy the results from these technological and scientific advancements. Less than two hundred years ago and before the advent of the motorized vehicle, mankind was (still) riding beasts of transport such as horses and donkeys and cattle. We continue to engineer and produce a wide range and variety of motor vehicles that are better, stronger, faster and more efficient – in the form of cars and motorcycles – and other than them.

Allah (SWT) Said in His Magnificent Book:

“And (He has created) horses, mules and donkeys, for you to ride and as an adornment. And He creates (other) things of which you have no knowledge.” (Surah an – Nahl: 8)

Brothers and Sisters,

All praise and thanks is for Allah, by whose generosity and blessings we enjoy the ease of social mobility today. With the provision of many modes of transportation, we need to continually show our gratitude through upholding all the noble and praiseworthy characteristics that Islam imbibes in a person. From amongst these attributes is being responsible and exemplifying best of manners in everything that we do. The Messenger of Allah (SAW) said:

“The best amongst you are those who have the best manners and character.” (Saheeh al-Bukhari, 4/759)

For those of us who drive or ride any type of transport, we need to remember these encompassing words of the Prophet (SAW) – From the manners and etiquettes of driving, the following are amongst the most crucial points we need to understand and implement inshaa Allah:

  1. Ad-du’a (invocation) when entering the vehicle.

It is important that we follow the Sunnah in all matters specified and taught to us by the Prophet (SAW) when we set our foot inside the vehicle (or on the motorcycle or plane), we say Bismillah, followed by the following prescribed azkaar:

‘Ali ibn Rabi’ah said, “I saw an animal brought to ‘Ali ibn Abi Talib (RA) and when he set his foot on it, he said “Bismillah” and when he was on his back, he said, “Al Hamdulillah”. Then he invoked:

“Subhanal lazi sakhkhara lana haza wa ma kunna lahu muqrineen.”  Meaning: “Glory is to Him who has provided this (transport) for us and we would not have been capable of that.”

Then he said, “Al Hamdulillah” three times and then said “Allahu Akbar” three times and then supplicated:

“Glory is to You (O Allah), I have wronged myself (so) forgive me, for none forgives sins except you.” [See Sunan Abi Da’wud, 2602; At-Tirmidhi, 3446 and An-Nasa’i in ‘Al-kubra’, 8799, 8800 and 10,336 – classed as saheeh by Al-albani in ‘Mukhtasar ash-Shama’il al-Muhammadiyya’ , 198]

When going on a longer journey or travelling out of town or city, the following du’a is recommended:

“In the name of Allah and all praise is for Allah. How perfect He is, the One Who has placed this (transport) at our service and we ourselves would not have been capable of that, and to our Lord is our final destiny. All praise is for Allah, All praise is for Allah, All praise is for Allah, Allah is the greatest, Allah is the greatest, Allah is the greatest. How perfect you are, O Allah, verily I have wronged my soul, so forgive me, for surely none can forgive sins except you.” 

  1. Not violating Traffic Rules when Driving.

From our religious obligations is to obey the leaders and people of authority and this also includes those put in charge of governmental affairs like health, education and transport for example. These agencies have put in place rules and regulations that make for safe environments for peoples to operate in and extract maximum benefits from. A key objective for transport authorities is to preserve life and maintain safety on the roads by enforcing responsible driving. From these examples are the requirements for having a driving license to show evidence of competency. From these examples are car registration documents to prove ownership and road worthiness of the vehicle. From these examples are the wearing of seat-belts and helmets and many other examples like them. Then there is also the ‘Highway Code’ that lays out traffic rules such as obeying road signs, not speeding beyond the stated limits, stopping at pedestrian crossings and many other necessities like that. Abiding by them all is our duty as drivers and riders, in obedience to authority.

Allah (SWT) said in His Magnificent Book:

“O you who have believe. Obey Allah and obey the Messenger, and those of you who are in authority.”(Surah an-Nisaa’:59)

The Messenger of Allah (SAW) said:

“Hear and obey the ruler in (any) case that one loves or dislikes as long as he is not ordered to sin, in which case there is no hearing and obeying.” (See Saheeh al-Bukhari, 6725; Muslim, 1839; At-Tirmidhi, 1707 and others)

The Messenger of Allah (SAW) also said:

“There is no obedience in sin (and transgression).” (Al-Bazzar, 9/81; Fath al-Baari, 13/132 – classed as saheeh by Ahmad Shakir in ‘Umdah at -Tafseer’, 1/531)

And he also said:

“There is no obedience to the creation (when it involves) sin (and disobedience) to the Creator” (Saheeh al-jaami’, 7520)

Al-Mubarakpuri Rahimahullah commented in his book ‘Tuhfat al-Ahwadhi about the first Hadeeth above; and stated that:

“There is the argument (in the Hadeeth) that shows if the ruling authority orders in cases that are regarded as permissible, then it is obligatory for Muslims to obey. Listening to and obeying the ruling authority is obligatory upon every Muslim, whether the authorities order him to do something that is in accordance with the individual’s wishes or not. However, if the condition of the order involves immorality (sin and transgression), then there is no obedience in that…” [See Al-Tuhfat al-Ahwadhi, 5/298]

Therefore, if the ruling authority makes mandatory, the wearing of helmets and seat-belts and obeying traffic laws etc. then it is obligatory for a Muslim to obey as this also comes under the principle of ‘public interest’. This is because they are designed to regulate road safety and protect lives and property.

Shaykh ‘Abdul Muhsin Al-Abbad, the Muhaddith of Madinah Hafizahullah explained that:

“Complying with road signs and traffic lights endorsed by the government is compulsory. And if the traffic laws change (and there is nothing within them that deem them impermissible) then the ruling remains the same (i.e. compulsory to comply) on the basis of the above evidence.”

  1. Not being Reckless on the Road.

Recklessness usually results from being careless; and this certainly is not from the characteristics of a Muslim. The Prophet (SAW) is reported to have said, as recorded by At-Tirmidhi:

“Be keen with what is beneficial for you, and seek help from Allah and do not be reckless.”

The Prophet (SAW) also said in a very poignant hadeeth:

“There is no harm and no reproaching harm.”

Thus paying attention to one’s own safety and the safety of others when driving reflects the objectives of Shari’ah, which guarantees the sanctity of: i) Life ii) Deen (Religion) iii) Honour iv) Wealth and v) intellect. Thus carelessness or recklessness in anything goes against the spirit of these objectives and can prove detrimental. Let us not take risks that can cause serious injury or the loss of life – From the poignant guidance given by the Prophet (SAW) during his farewell sermon, he said:

“Verily (Allah has made) your blood and wealth and your honour sacred, just as this day in this month and in this land that is sacred…” (See Saheeh Muslim, 1218)

These things are sacred and thus prohibited in the strongest terms to be violated. Furthermore, creating fear from (deliberate) acts of recklessness is not permissible as it subjects the occupants of the car and other road users and pedestrians to intimidation and fear. The Prophet (SAW) said:

“It is not permitted for a Muslim to frighten, intimidate (or create fear etc.) for another Muslim.” (See Abu Da’wud, 5004; see also At-Tirmidhi, 4/462; Mu’jam al Awsat, 1673 and others – classed as saheeh by Al-Albani)

Within this principle, we understand that anything that frightens or scares, intimidates, horrifies or causes unjust panic is not permitted; and these are the usual effect of recklessness. The most common examples of traffic violations result from reckless and rash actions and from among these are the following:

  1. Speeding
  2. Illegal Parking
  • Using Mobile Phone

Each one of these violations arises from reckless driving and making rash decisions. Their effects on those involved can range from being mere nuisance to leading to fatality. Speeding and using mobile phones while driving comes from haste and impatience. The Prophet (SAW) said:

“Deliberation is from Allah and haste is from the Shaytan (Satan).” (See Al-Bayhaqi, Sunan al-kabeer, 10/104; Shu’ab al-Imaan, 4/89; Musnad Abi Ya’la, 3/1054 (#4256) – classed hasan by ibn Hajar and Al-Albani (see ‘Silsilah as-Saheehah’, 4/404)

It is therefore critical that Muslims bide their time, be patient and not take any unnecessary risks that would jeopardize people’s lives and property.

Anas ibn Malik (R.A) narrated that Allah’s Messenger (SAW) was on a journey and he had a servant called Anjasah, who was driving the camels very fast while there were women riders on those camels. The Prophet (SAW) said rebuking him:

“Woe to you O Anjasah, Hold on (ride slowly) with the glass vessels (i.e. the women passenger).” (See Saheeh al-Bukhari, 6149 and Muslim, 2323)

Imam Nawawi commented on this Hadeeth and said that:

“It was intended for Anjasah to slow down the pace of driving the camels because the speed would shock and fatigue the passengers. Thus he (SAW) forbade him from chanting (to hasten the camels on) and to hold on tightly because the severity of movement would weaken the women passengers and risk their health.”(See Sharh Saheeh Muslim, 15/81)

  1. Road Rage.

Road rage is connected to anger and the loss of control over one’s behaviour and speech, which begin to exhibit aggression. In drivers, such behaviour may include gesturing, verbal insults or threats, deliberately driving in an unsafe manner etc. Road rage can lead to altercations, assaults and collisions that result in injuries and even deaths. It can be thought of as an extreme case of aggressive driving and from amongst the many manifestations of road rage are the following:

  • General aggressive driving, including sudden acceleration, braking and close tailgating
  • Cutting others off in a lane or deliberately preventing someone from merging into a lane.
  • Chasing other motorists, flashing lights and/or sounding the horn excessively.
  • Yelling or exhibiting rude physical gestures at pedestrians or other roadside establishments.

My respected people,

Anger is an emotion that inspire action and the action that is inspires is usually one of injury and injustice. It is a powerful emotion that rages through a person, creating a desire for revenge and the need to strike out at the object of anger. Such is the destructive nature of anger and uncontrolled aggression that when the man asked the Prophet (SAW) for advice, he responded in each of the three times he was asked:

 “Do not get angry” (See Saheeh al-Bukhari, 6116 – see also fath al Baari; 10/456)

Below are four points derived from Islamic texts that will help Muslim drivers (and others) to overcome their anger in various circumstances…

  1. Seeking refuge in Allah from Shaytan (Satan)

The first and foremost of all advice is seeking refuge in Allah from Shaytan (Satan) and from the evils in ourselves and from our wrong doings. The Prophet (SAW) gave us a prescription as is narrated by Sulayman ibn Sard (RA) that:

“Two men were arguing with (and blaming) each other. The face of one became red and his jugular veins swelled. The Prophet (SAW) said: ‘I know a statement if spoken by him his anger would subside: ‘Audhubillahi minash shaytannir rajeem’ – (I seek refuge in Allah from Shaytan the accursed).” (See Saheeh al-Bukhari, 3060, 5679, and 5617)

Imam Mawardi Rahimahullah said in his book ‘Adab ad-Dunya wad-Deen’ that:

“One should remember Allah when Angry as this leads to fear of Allah, which in turn leads him to obey Him and restrain ones anger by returning to proper manners and conduct.”

  1. Understanding the merits of controlling one’s anger

There are incalculable rewards in the Qur’an and Sunnah for a person who controls his anger. Here I cite but a few of them. Allah (SWT) said:

“…who repress anger, and who pardon men; verily, Allah loves Al-Muhsinuun (the good-doers).” (Surah Ali-Imraan: 134)

He (SWT) also said:

“Show forgiveness, enjoin what is good, and turn away from the foolish (i.e. don’t punish them).” (Surah Al-A’raaf:199)

Imam Ibn Katheer, the famous Qur’an commentator records the following narrations in his Tafseer of this verse (Ayah):

“Hashim bin ‘Urwah said that his father said, “Allah ordered Allah’s Messenger to pardon the people for their behaviours”…. In Saheeh al-Bukhari, it is recorded that Hisham reported from his father ‘Urwah from his brother ‘Abdullah bin Azzubayr who said; “Show forgiveness” was only revealed about the people’s [bad] character” ….. The Messenger of Allah (SAW) asked Jibreel about the meaning of this Ayah and Jibreel replied: “Allah Commands you to forgive those who wronged you, give to those who deprived you.”[See Tafseer ibn Katheer, Surah al-A’raaf for more detail]

At-Tabarani records in his collection that the Prophet (SAW) said:

“Whoever controls his temper, then Allah will take away punishment from him and whosever safeguards his tongue Allah will conceal his sins.”

 In the collection of Tirmidhi and Abu Da’wud, the Prophet (SAW) said:

“Whoever controls their temper in a state that if he wanted, he could have taken revenge; then on the Day of Judgment Allah will call him in front of everyone and will give him the choice of selecting the Hoor…”

 At-Tabarani and Al-Bayhaqi record a Hadeeth of Anas ibn Malik (RA) who narrated that the Messenger of Allah (SAW) said:

“… Whoever restrains his anger, Allah will withhold his Punishment on the day of Judgment.”

  1. keeping silent and exhibiting wisdom

The Prophet (SAW) said:

“If any of you becomes angry, let him keep silent.” [See Musnad of Imam Ahmad 1/329]

If angry, man evaluates to knee-jerk reaction in a fit of need, therefore the Prophet (SAW) advised the one who is angry man to restrain himself through silence.

  1. Avoid being over-sensitive

Abu Sa’eed al-khudri (RA) narrated that the Messenger (SAW) mentioned anger, saying:

“Some are swift to anger and swift to cool down, the one characteristic making up for the other; some are slow to anger and slow to cool down, the one characteristic making up for the other; but the best of you are those who are slow to anger and swift to cool down, and the worst of you are those who are swift to anger and slow to cool down.” He continued, “Beware of anger, for it is a live coal on the heart of the descendant of Adam. Do you not notice the swelling of the veins of his neck and the redness of his eyes? So when anyone experiences anything of that nature he should lie down and cleave to the earth.”

  1. Taking Care of the Vehicle and not exceeding its Capacity.

Vehicles are a blessing from Allah and therefore like all of His blessings, we should take care of them and not take them for granted. This would mean we ensure they are roadworthy, mechanically and otherwise and ensure the cleanliness of them.

Abdullah ibn Ja’afar narrated that the Messenger of Allah (SAW) was in the garden of an Ansari man and there was a camel in that garden. When the camel saw him it groaned and shed tears; the Prophet (SAW) wiped the tears and it became calm. He then inquired about the owner of the camel and when its owner appeared before him he said:

“Do you not fear Allah in this animal which Allah has put in your possession? It has complained to me that you starve it.” [See Sunan Abu Da’wud, 2190]

The Prophet (SAW) is also recorded to have said:

“…Fear Allah regarding these dumb animals. Ride them when they are in good condition and feed them when they are in good condition.”[See Sunan Abu Da’wud, 2542]

Brothers and Sisters,

In the analogy between the motorized vehicle and the camel, we find that without food and proper care, the camel will succumb to illness and sure death; while neglecting the maintenance of the vehicle would inevitably lead to its breakdown (and all the trouble and inconveniences this causes).

Regarding capacity, vehicles are designed and built according to various passenger capacity rules. Exceeding these recommended capacities again effects vehicle performance and reliability, thus risking lives. Imam Ibn Hibban recorded the following narration of the Prophet (SAW) where he said:

“Ride them when they are healthy” as evidence that one should avoid riding weak and incompetent animals until they become healthy.

In his ‘Tabaqat’, Ibn Sa’ad, records a narration from Ibn Darir who reported that he saw ‘Umar Ibn Al-Khattab beating a porter who had over-burdened his camel saying: “Why do you burden your camel beyond its capacity?” – And there are other examples like these. Thus a Muslim driver (and non-Muslim driver) should ensure not their vehicle is fit for purpose and also they are not taking unnecessary risks with regards to additional passengers etc.

  1. Giving Rights to the Roads.

Our roads and streets and pathways also have rights that we need to fulfill. The Prophet (SAW) said to his Companions:

“Beware of sitting on the roads, they asked:’ O Messenger of Allah, we gather and talk (in the streets), he (SAW) said: ‘Give the streets their right’. The Companions asked ‘what is their right O Messenger of Allah? He (SAW) replied: “(That you) lower your gaze and refrain from harming (disrupting) the peace and to promote the ma’ruf (virtue and goodness) and prevent the munkar (vice and evil). “ [See Saheeh al-Bukhari; and Muslim, 2121]

It becomes necessary for the driver to drive with caution in residential areas and places where there are are a lot of pedestrian activity. This also applies to the rider. From the above Hadeeth we can understand that our duty towards the roads is that we do not disturb people, respond with salaam if prompted by others. That we do not litters or cause any other sort of annoyance to other drivers and pedestrians alike.

We also need to lower our gazes from looking at forbidden things (like a non-mahram women’s awrah) or promiscuous advertising boards etc. The general command to ‘promote the ma’ruf (virtue and goodness) and prevent the munkar (vice and evil)’ includes within it every affair that a driver and a non-driver must care about while within his vehicle or outside of it. This may involve stopping people from illegal racing on public roads to advising couples engaged in public show of affection etc.

The trust placed on us by Allah through His blessings is that we at least work to utilize them to the best of our ability. Tawfeeq and all success is from Allah alone. And all praise belongs to Allah, the Lord of the Worlds.

This Khutbah (Friday Sermon) was prepared for delivery today, Friday, Safar 29, 1437 AH (December 11, 2015), by Imam Murtadha Muhammad Gusau, the Chief Imam of Nagazi-uvete Jumu’at Mosque and late Alhaji Abdurrahman Okene Mosque, Okene, Kogi State Nigeria. He can be reached via: +2348038289761.

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[Friday Sermon] Saluting The Defenders Of Our Nation And Warning The People Against Terrorist Organizations By Imam Murtada Gusau

In the name of Allah, the Most Gracious and the Most Merciful

All praise be to Allah for blessing us with a generous nation and greatest bounties. I extol Him as is befitting to His great sovereignty and glorious status and I bear witness that there is no deity but Him; having no associates. To Him belongs the dominion of the heavens and the earth and whatever is within them. And He is over all things competent.

I also testify that Muhammad (SAW) is His Servant and Messenger, may the peace and blessings of Allah be upon him, his family, his companions, and all those who will follow them in righteousness till the Day of Judgment.

O servants of Allah,

I urge myself first and all of you to obey Allah and be submissive to Him. Verily, Allah, Exalted is He, has declared the truth in His noble Book:

“O you who have believe, persevere and endure and remain stationed and fear Allah that you may be successful.” (Ali-Imraan: 200)

My respected people,

The homeland is one’s cradle where he lives, acquaints himself with its elements and enjoys its vicinity. As such anyone who has loved his country all throughout his life must be sincere in building it. In this sense, founding nations and civilizations is more than a mission; rather it is a covenant that only people in whom Allah invests honesty can fulfill. That is why people take to defend their homeland naturally and willingly. Some would sacrifice their life and this is the utmost form of generosity. Some would sacrifice their children or their wealth, while others would do all of these and even more.

In Surah An-Naml (Ants), the noble Quran tells the story of a group of people who proposed to their queen to defend their homeland, capitalizing on their might and strong will:

“They said, ‘we are men of strength and of great military might, but the command is yours, so see what you will command’.” (An-Naml: 33)

Some scholars explained that the speakers in this verse were ready to defend their kingdom and their nation by hinting at using force. Yet while taking this stance, they let this matter to the queen with full belief in her prudent opinion. In so doing, they were all set to follow her orders.

As an outcome, she led them to safety, thanks to her wisdom and good sense of judgment. This incident highlights the value of obedience, making it a beneficial lesson especially for the young who are the safety valve for any nation.

Brothers and Sisters,

Please know that safeguarding the homeland is an honour like no other. Its unique status was stressed by the Prophet Muhammad (SAW) when he said:

“Shall I tell about a night better than Laylat Al Qadr (the Night of Decree), [It is when] a guard who is on watch in a fearful place and who are Perhaps may not return to his family.”

So congratulations to those who are away from their families, our gallant troops, staying up all night so that others can sleep (peacefully). They battle the cold so their people and nation remain stable and secure. Because of their sacrifice they earn a higher rank.

On the narration of Artaa bin Al Mundhir that Umar bin Al Khattab, may Allah be pleased with him, told his companions:

“Who are amongst people shall have greater reward?” They said those who fast and pray, mentioning so and so. Thereupon, he said, “Shall I inform you about the most rewarded of all those you mentioned?” They said, “Yes please.” He said “A man reins his horse and guards people, not knowing if there is a predator around to prey on him, a venomous snake to bite him, or an enemy to assault him. This is a greater recompense than those you mentioned.”

Moreover, it is mentioned in a Prophetic Hadith that the watchful eye on people’s rights, one that guards the borders of the nation and obeys Allah will, by His grace, not be touched by the Hellfire.

Ibn Abbas narrated that he heard the Messenger of Allah (SAW) saying:

“There are two eyes that shall not be touched by the Fire: an eye that wept from the fear of Allah, and an eye that spent the night standing on guard in the cause of Allah.”

Knowing this, anyone, who desires the great reward, should be content with that Allah has prepared for him while he defends his nation, whether in land, sea or sky. It was narrated by Sahl bin Sa’ad, may Allah be pleased with him that Allah’s Messenger (SAW) said:

“(Ribat) Guarding the frontier for a day in the cause of Allah is better than the world and what is in it.”

In the same regard, Abdullah bin Amr, may Allah be pleased with him, said:

“I would rather love to stay up all nights guarding and be afraid in the way of Allah, the most Exalted, than giving one hundred camels as charity.”

Dear Servants of Allah,

For the cause of defending the nation one can sacrifice his life, give money or make achievements. An example of this noble mission was taken by a group of people who were praised in the Quran when they offered their wealth to protect their homeland from temptations and threats. The verse reads:

“They said, ‘O Dhul Qarnayn, indeed Gog and Magog are [great] corrupters in the land. So may we assign for you expenditure that you might make between us and them a barrier?” (Al-Kahf: 94)

Ibn Abbas, May Allah be pleased with him, said:

“The expenditure refers here to the money which people wanted to collect amongst themselves and give it out to Dhul-Qarnayn in return for erecting a barrier to keep their enemies away and under control”.

Also, protecting the homeland can be achieved by serving it across all of its institutions and by being dedicated to performing work as it ought to be. Thus one has to be sincere about discharging his responsibilities, and should work on protecting the reputation of his nation. Failing to do so is failing to defend the nation and this is against what our Prophet (SAW) said:

“Every one of you is a guardian and responsible for what is in his custody.”

Dear Worshipers,

Protecting the nation is a responsibility that requires commitment, including praying for the nation and the leaders. On this matter a respected scholar said:

“If I have an accepted supplication I will pray it for the leader.”

Let us then pray to our Lord to confer upon our country, Nigeria, goodness and prosperity as well as continuing safety and security. Doing this is one of the signs of loyalty and sincere sense of belonging. It also reflects the Prophet’s traditions and manners. The Prophet Ibrahim (A.S), for example, prayed for his homeland saying:

“My Lord, make this city (Makkah) secure.” (Ibrahim: 35)

Also the Prophet Muhammad (SAW) for his part, supplicated for his homeland as he said:

“O Allah, bless us in our mudd; O Allah, bless us in our saa; O Allah, bless with this blessing two more blessings.”

With this in mind, you are urged to pray for your nation and supplicate to Allah to protect it and bless it with His generous favours. May Allah bless our country with continued bounties and keep it safe from all sorts of evil, Ameen.

Servants of Allah,

Please be aware that you are asked to obey Him, the Almighty, as it ought to be by observing Him in private and in public and know that it falls on us to contribute effectively in educating our children on the love of their nation. It is our responsibility to prepare them during the peacetime to be the builders of their country’s civilization and glories and in need stand as the shield of protection. This is because they are the renewable source of energy from which the country draws its strength and resistance. In this regard, Umar bin Al Khattab, May Allah be pleased with him, said;

“Teach your children swimming, archery and horse-riding.”

Further, let us salute the defenders of this generous nation: our Armed Forces, who ensure safety and security so that everyone can enjoy a stable and serene life. No wonder then if they are referred to as the wealth of this nation, its impervious fort, a symbol of its union, a source of its pride and pillar of its security. In fact without their role we could not have reached such a progress and steady prosperity at all levels. We truly appreciate their unyielding efforts in protecting the nation and its gains, for whose cause they offer their lives.

My respected people,

Apart from that, know that Islam is a religion of forgiveness and leniency. It appeals to people, and let them accept it. Thus it comes to emphasize good morals, lay the foundations of moderation, safeguard human rights, and establish such finest cultural values of coexistence, tolerance and solidarity. Then there has emerged the eternal message of mercy and peace for all mankind. Allah says:

“And We have not sent you, [O Muhammad], except as a mercy to the world.” (Al Anbiyaa: 107)

In the same regard, our Prophet Muhammad (SAW) said:

“Actually, I was awarded mercy (by Allah).”

This authentic principle is being thoroughly stressed in Islam as he (SAW) said:

“He who shows no mercy to the people, Allah, the Exalted and Glorious, does not show mercy on him.”

He (SAW) said also:

“Mercy is taken away only from him who is miserable.”

Mercy in Islam is a virtue that encompasses also other creatures besides humans. Ibn Mas’ud reported:

“We were with the Messenger of Allah (SAW) during a journey. He went to ease himself. We saw a bird with her two young ones and we captured her young ones. The bird came and began to spread its wings. The Messenger of Allah (SAW) came and said: ‘who grieved this for its young ones? Return its young ones to it.”

If the prophet (SAW) prohibited us to cause suffering to a bird by taking its little chicks, so what would be the case with someone who inflicts grievance on another by taking the life of his brother or relative?

Dear Servants of Allah,

Indeed it is heartbreaking to see the tolerant teachings of Islam and the Prophetic tradition being violated out of proportion. This has been undertaken by sinful groups taking to extremist views and militancy and tarnishing the image of our tolerant religion. In total disregard of religious dictates and in cruelest manner, they unleash havoc, shedding blood and breaching sanctities. Disgracefully, they speak in the name of Islam and attribute their heinous crimes to it.

Nay they have utterly distorted Islam and its human ideals because they endorse an alien ideology that is contradictory to it. Truly, their radical attitude has killed their pure human nature and perceptions, rendering them insensible to morality and humanity.  Can anybody then say that such crimes have anything to do with Islam?

Along this dark, unjust and deadly road have walked those people who are penetrating unspeakable massacres; they kill others in cold blood and disfigure them. They have been tearing down buildings, spilling blood, violating integrities, assaulting women without respect to any of Islam’s commands, nor to any of human’s values or principles. Here again arises a question: where are they from those religious texts that condemn the crimes they do?

Where are they from the incident involving Usama bin Zaid who raised his sword when he (the soldier of the polytheists) uttered: “there is no deity but Allah.” But he (Usama bin Zaid) killed him.

The Messenger of Allah (SAW) called for him and asked him why he had killed him. He (Usama) said: “O Messenger of Allah, he struck the Muslims and killed such and such of them. And he even named some of them. I attacked him and when he saw the sword he said, ‘there is no deity but Allah’.”

The Messenger of Allah (SAW) said: “did you kill him?” he (Usama) replied in affirmative. He (the noble Prophet) remarked: “what would you do with: ‘there is no deity but Allah,’ when he would come (before you) on the Day of Judgment?”

He (Usama) said, “O Messenger of Allah, beg pardon for me (from your Lord).” He (the noble Prophet) said, “what would you do with: ‘there is no deity but Allah’ when he would come before you on the Day of Judgment? He (the noble Prophet) added nothing to it but kept saying, ‘what would you do with: ‘there is no deity but Allah’ when he would come (before you) on the Day of Judgment?

“The Prophet (SAW) kept on repeating that so often that I wished I had not embraced Islam before that day,” Usama bin Zaid said.”

Where they are from the Hadith of the Prophet of mercy (SAW) saying: “a faithful believer remains at liberty regarding his religion unless he kills somebody unlawfully.”

Where are they from the severe warning contained in the words of the Prophet (SAW): “if this world was to be destroyed, that would be less significant before Allah than the unlawful killing of a believer or any innocent person?

Again where are they from the stern warning in the words of the Prophet (SAW): “if the inhabitants of the heavens and the inhabitants of the earth all took part in shedding blood of believer or innocent, then Allah would cast them (all) in the Fire?” How on earth can they ignore the Prophet’s instruction:

“Whoever rebels against my Ummah, killing good and evil people alike, and does not try to avoid killing the believers, and does not pay attention to those who are under a covenant, then he has nothing to do with me and I have nothing to do with him.”

So how will those people meet the Prophet (SAW) on the Day of Judgment while they did not respect the sanctity of his Ummah, and ignored his warnings and orders?

As you can see these verses and Hadiths denounce categorically all forms of extremism and stress the fact that it is against our tolerant religion and call for fighting it by all means.

Dear Muslims, fellow Nigerians,

Since militant ideology has reached this dark alarming level with their advocators having fallen deep in the abyss of impurity, losing sense of conscience and failing to listen to the voice of wisdom and comply with good guidance, then a firm action must be taken. This is required in order to preserve the religion from such an alien system of thought and protect people from the evil posed by those extremists and their gruesome acts. For these reasons and others, addressing the harm caused by those terrorists is legal and legitimate demand. May Allah save our nations from those corrupters and purify it from the extremists, Ameen.

O servants of Allah,

Please obey Allah as it ought to be by observing Him in private and in public and be aware that as the image of our religion is being stained by those groups’ actions of killing innocents, violating sanctities, taking others’ property, it is our duty to show to the world that this is contrary to the teachings of Islam. It is also our duty to warn against any misleading Fatwa that defends those corrupt groups or be deceived by it.

The responsibility rests as well with parents who need to protect their children from any intruding ideology and creed by educating them following the true Islamic principles. The youth, boys and girls, for their part, must adhere to the guidance of genuine Islam and beware of radical ideas and of those who spread them, especially through electronic social network mediums. They also must stand alert not to let themselves be lured to slogans and allegations disseminated by terrorist organizations, which claim falsely glamorous slogans.

My respected people,

Terrorists launched attacks on Yola, Kano, Borno, Paris and Mali killing many people. The attacks occurred at market, farm center GSM market, IDPs camp, Hotel etc. I strongly condemn these attacks. They are very bad, disgust, unpleasant, despicable, cruel, vicious, sinful, atrocious, in human and barbaric. My heart goes out to the victims of all these terror attacks where innocent people have been killed by the wicked people, murderers and blood suckers.

I am profoundly saddened by the loss of life and indiscriminate murder of innocent people. This criminal barbarity is Godlessness. Terrorism has no faith and cannot be condoned by any means, rationale or ideology. We must commit to each other to defeat it. Godless cowards attack unarmed, randomly selected, innocent people. Terrorists are sinful, immoral, barbaric criminals. It is displeasing to hear the media call ISIS, Al-Shabaab, Al-Qaedah or Boko Haram Sunni Jihadists. Neither are their actions from the Sunnah or Islamically considered Jihad.  My thoughts and prayers are with the innocent victims, their families and communities.

I ask Allah, the Lord of the worlds, to bring justice to these horrific situations, to recompense those who committed these murders with what they deserve, to bring those still at large to justice, and to rid the earth of these evil, treacherous, murderous lunatics, who do nothing but bring harm and corruption to the world.

O Allah, be with our brave soldiers as they fight against terror. Match forward O defenders of our nation, we are proudly behind you. Do not be scared, be courageous like a lion, be strong and stand for what is right no matter how the challenges. Do not be scared. Be courageous and watch Nigeria begin the revival process, watch Nigeria rescued and watch Nigeria being restored. We shall not be cowed; our humanity shall trump, outrank and defeat their terror by the Grace of the Almighty Allah.

My heart, thoughts and prayers goes to the entire people of Yola, Kano, Borno and all the victims of terror and the victims of injustice any where they are. Be assured that terror will be defeated; terrorism will not win Inshaa Allah!

Inna lillahi wa inna Ilayhir raaji’uun. From Allah do we come and to Him is our return!

Brothers and Sisters,

Just on Sunday’s evening (22-11-2015), Allah reclaimed one more of His beloved Servants. Prince Abubakar Audu, former Governor of Kogi State was to his family a devoted husband and loving father. We all knew him, not only as the former Governor of Kogi State. He was also much-loved father and respected leader to us all.

Even though we should be prepared for death at any time, the suddenness of his departure has left us all in a state of shock. We still have to come to terms with our sense of loss. Perhaps we should remind ourselves, brothers and sisters that the late prince Abubakar Audu was merely on loan to us from Allah. And Allah has now taken back that loan, which was only given to us for a time, in trust. The truth is, we are all on loan from Allah, and surely, some day we will all return to our rightful owner.

A week before his death and departure, I happened to be among the Islamic Clerics delegated to visit and give Naseehah to him in order to fear Allah concerning the people if he wins the election. He promised us that he will not disappoint people if Allah makes him a winner in the coming election.

Being the Muslims we have taken his death in good faith as we strongly believed that Allah gives and Allah takes. To us we also believed that his time was up; nothing any man can do to stop it.

Let us pray to Allah, first of all, to give comfort and solace to the late Prince Abubakar Audu’s family, friends, and associates. And the family of his Royal Highness, the late Pa Audu Oyidi, Orego Atta of Igala land and the paramount ruler of Ogbonicha-Alloma in Ofu Local Government of Kogi State, the people of Ogbonicha, people of Ofu Local Government and entire people of Kogi state and Nigeria. Help them O Allah quickly to ease their pain, and to overcome their sorrow. O Allah gives us and them the fortitude to bear the irreparable and irreplaceable loss. O Allah, showers your mercy and forgiveness on the soul of the late Prince, forgive his shortcomings and failings and allow him to enter your garden (Al-Jannatul Firdausi), Ameen.

Dear Servants of Allah,

Bear in mind that you are asked to offer prayer and a greeting upon our most noble Prophet Muhammad (SAW) for Allah says:

“Indeed, Allah and His angels sends blessing upon the Prophet. O you who have believed, ask [Allah to confer] blessing upon him and ask [Allah to grant him] peace.” (Al Ahzaab: 56)

 

On the same matter, the Prophet (SAW) said:

“For everyone who invokes a blessing on me will receive ten blessings from Allah.”

He also said:

“Nothing turns back the Decree except supplication.”

May the peace and blessings of Allah be upon our Master Muhammad (SAW), his family, and all his Companions. May Allah be pleased with the Rightly Guided Caliphs:

Abu Bakr, Umar, Uthman and Ali and all those who will follow them in righteousness till the Day of Judgment.

May Allah grant success to our Armed Forces and add strength to their strength. May Allah reward them abundantly, for the work they were rendering to their nation.

O Allah, we implore You at this instant not to let a sin unforgiven, a distress unrelieved, an illness unhealed or a handicapped without relief, a dead without mercy or a debt unsettled. Our Lord, give us in this world that which is good and in the Hereafter that which is good, and save us from the torment of the Fire.

May Allah help us succeed in these blessed days in every work to please you, O Lord of the Worlds.

O Allah, may we ask You to help us with what get us closer to Paradise and furthers us from hell. O Allah we seek Your grace to admit us, our parents, our leaders and whoever has done a favour to us and all Muslims to Your Paradise.

May Allah grant success, guidance, protection and continued good health to our leader President Muhammadu Buhari. May Allah also ensure success to his Deputy, Vice President Yemi Osinbajo, and provide strength and assistance to his ministers.

O Allah forgives all of the Muslims, men and women living and dead, and makes blessings follow us and them.

May Allah protect and have mercy on His Eminence, the Sultan, Alhaji Muhammad Sa’ad Abubakar III and all our respected Emirs.

O Lord forgives and show mercy to our parents, relatives and whoever has done a favour to us.

O Allah, we pray to you to grant your forgiveness and mercy to who built this mosque, Alhaji Ahmad Adoke, and to his parents as well as to anyone who help the development of this mosque. O Allah, we also supplicate to You to forgive whoever built a mosque where Your name is remembered.

We pray to Allah, the Most Gracious, to preserve and protect Nigerians from all temptations, both apparent and hidden, and continue blessing our nation and all countries with safety and security.

O Allah, make this our gathering one of compassion and our dispersion after it one that is infallible.

O Allah, do not let anyone amongst us deprived, desperate or unhappy. O Merciful One grants us Your Mercy, Ameen.

O servants of Allah,

Remember Allah and He will remember you. Be grateful for His benevolence and He will increase His blessings to you. Allah, the Most High, says:

“And establish prayer. Indeed, prayer prohibits immorality and wrongdoings, and the remembrance of Allah is greater. And Allah knows that which you do.” (Al-Ankabuut: 45)

This Khutbah (Friday Sermon) was prepared for delivery today, Friday, Safar 15, 1437 A.H (November 27, 2015), by Imam Murtada Muhammad Gusau, the Chief Imam of Nagazi-Uvete Jumu’at Mosque, Okene, Kogi State Nigeria. He can be reached through: +2348038289761.

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Islamic Rulings Pertaining To Women Taking Positions Of Leadership And Authority By Imam Murtada Gusau

In the Name of Allah, the Most Gracious, and the Most Merciful

Alhamdulillah. Indeed, all praise is due to Allah. We praise Him and seek His help and forgiveness. We seek refuge with Allah from the evil within ourselves and from our wrongdoings. He whom Allah guides, no one can misguide; and he whom He misguides, no one can guide.

I bear witness that there is no (true) god except Allah – alone without a partner, and I bear witness that Muhammad (SAW) is His ‘abd (servant) and Messenger.

“O you who have believe! Revere Allah the right reverence, and do not die except as Muslims.” (Ali-Imraan, 3:102)

“O people! Revere your Lord who has created you from a single soul, created from it its mate, and dispersed from both of them many men and women. Revere Allah through whom you demand things from one another; and (cherish the ties of) the wombs, indeed, Allah is ever-Watchful over you.” (An-Nisaa’, 4:1)

“O you who have believe! Revere Allah and say fair words. He will then rectify your deeds and forgive your sins. He who obeys Allah and His Messenger have certainly achieved a great victory.”(Al-Ahzaab, 33:70 -71)

Indeed, the best speech is Allah’s (SWT) Book and the best guidance is Muhammad’s (SAW) guidance. The worst affairs (of religion) are those innovated (by people), for every such innovation is an act of misguidance leading to the Fire.

Brothers and Sisters,
After the declaration of Senator Aisha Jummai Al-Hassan as a winner of Taraba state 2015 governorship election by the tribunal, one of the regular, ardent, keen and fervent readers of my weekly Friday Sermon from the state called and asked the following question seeking clarification on Islam’s position about the Governorship of a Woman. He said:

Can Women hold public positions of authority in Islam? Then I answer him seeking help from Allah:

In the name of Allah, the Beneficent, the Merciful.
Yes, my brother, it is permissible for a woman to be an authority and leader in a position for which she is qualified, although some positions are specific only to men such as the position of prayer leader (Imam in the Mosque) and supreme commander of the armed forces.

My brother, I cannot deny that some classical scholars prohibited women from taking positions of authority and leadership based upon the statement of the Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him:

Abi Bakrah (RA), a reliable and a trustworthy Companion of the Prophet (SAW) in an authentic hadith, reported:

“Allah benefitted me with a word I heard from the Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him. During the days of the battle of the camel, I was about to join the companions of the camel and fight alongside them. When the Messenger of Allah was informed that the Persians had crowned the daughter of Khosrau as their ruler, he said, “A people will not succeed who are commanded by a woman.” (See Sahih Bukhari 4, 425 and 7, 099. Ahmad, At-Tirmidhi, An-Nasaa’i, also reported the hadith. Imam As-Sakhaawiy in Maqaasidil hasana, Imam Ash-Shawkaaniy in Nailur Autaar, As-Sam’aaniy in Subulus-Salaam and Ibn Hajr in Talkhisul Habeer all reported it)

Ibn Hajar reported: Ibn At-Teen said:
“The narration of Abi Bakrah is used as a proof by those who say it is not permissible for a woman to be appointed as guardian or judge, and this is the saying of the majority.” However, Ibn Jareer At-Tabari disagreed with them and he said it was permissible for women to be appointed as a Judge in matters in which their testimony is acceptable, and some of the Maliki scholars gave them unrestricted permission”. (See Fathul Bari of Imam Ibn Hajar)

These scholars understood this statement to be general in meaning and therefore they did not allow women to take any public position of authority. However, other scholars understood this statement to be specific to commanding the armed forces and therefore allowed women to hold the position of judge.

My respected people,
Women in early Islamic history were active not just as “Mothers and Wives” but contributed as individual Muslim Women in all aspects of the community.

Women are generally unqualified to perform the duties involved with commanding the armed forces or leading the ritual prayer, but they are qualified and allowed to perform other duties. In fact, women played a very important role in the development of the early Muslim community.

Umar Ibn Al-Khattab, May Allah be pleased with him, appointed Samrah bint Nuhaik as overseer of the market. Abu Balj Yahya reported:

“I saw Samrah bint Nuhaik and she had known the Prophet, peace and blessings be upon him. She had on a thick corset and veil. In her hand was a whip which she used to discipline people, and she would enjoin good and forbid evil.” (See Al-Mu’jam Al-Kabeer of At-Tabarani 785, Grade: Hasan (fair) according to Al-Haythami)

Ibn Abd al-Barr said:

“She knew the Messenger of Allah during her lifetime. She would patrol the market while enjoining good and forbidding evil. She would discipline people with a whip that she had with her.” (See Al-Isti’ab bil Ma’ruf, 3,197)

Ibn Al-Jawziy said:

“Umar ibn Al-Khattab would enter the market and he would come to her.”
(See Seerah Umar ibn Al-Khattab 41)

In Madinah during the leadership of Umar May Allah be pleased with him, Al-Shifa bint Abdullah was made in charge of trade and commerce in the city.

Hafsah bint Umar, may Allah be pleased with her, was entrusted by Abu Bakr to safeguard the first complete written copy of the Quran.

Aisha, May Allah be pleased with her, was one of the leading scholars of prophetic traditions and was considered an authority by the companions of the Prophet.

Abu Musa reported:

We never had a new problem occur to us as the companions of the Messenger of Allah, peace and blessings be upon him, except that we would ask Aisha and find with her some knowledge concerning it. (See Sunan At-Tirmidhi 3,883)

Mu’adhah al-Adawiyyah was a narrator of prophetic traditions from the second generation of Islam who related sayings from Ali ibn Abu Talib, Aisha and Hisham ibn Amir.

Amrah bint Abdurrahman was a student of Aisha from the second generation of Islam who related sayings from Umm Salamah and Rafi’ ibn Khadeej and was considered a legal guru in the city of Madinah.

Hafsah bint Sireen was a student of Umm Atiyyah, Anas ibn Malik, and other companions of the Prophet. She was a legal scholar from the second generation of Islam and one of her students, Qatadah, is an important authority in the exegesis of the Quran.

There are many other women who were scholars in the early age of Islam and through the succeeding eras until today.

Women played an important role in supporting the Muslim community when they were under attack by the idolaters.

Anas ibn Malik reported:

“The Messenger of Allah, Peace and blessings be upon him, would go into battle with Umm Sulaim and other women with her from the Ansar and they would give water and tend to the wounded.” (See Sunan At-Tirmidhi 1,575)

There is no doubt that the support and services of women were critical to the defense of the nation.

Women have an important role for consulting the leadership. The Prophet (SAW) would consult his wives in the most sensitive matters among the Muslims. On the occasions of Al-Hudaybiyyah, the Muslims were denied access to perform the Hajj Pilgrimage in Makkah as a condition for the peace treaty. The Prophet accepted this condition but the Muslims were largely upset and refused to leave. In such a difficult matter, the Prophet consulted his wife Umm Salamah about the best course of action.

Marwan reported:

When the writing of the peace treaty was concluded the Messenger of Allah peace and blessing be upon him, said to his companions:

“Get up and offer your sacrifices and shave your heads.”

None of them stood up and the Prophet repeated his order three times. When none of them stood up, the Prophet left them and went to Umm Salamah and told her about the people’s attitude. Umm Salamah said:

“O Prophet of Allah, would you like your order to be carried out? Go out and do not speak to them until you have offered your sacrifices and have called the barber to shave your head.” (See Sahih Bukhari 2,731)

The Prophet followed the advice of his wife and the companions began to make preparations to leave Makkah.

This incident is an important precedent for us because it demonstrates the value the Prophet (SAW) placed on the consultation of his wives and women in general. Allah has commanded consultation among the believers and this is general to both men and women.

Allah said:

“So pardon them and ask forgiveness for them and consult them in the matter.” (Surah Ali-Imraan, 3:159)

Women even have the right to correct the leadership and the leadership has to be humble enough to accept it. In a famous incident, a woman once corrected Umar Ibn Al-Khattab during one of his sermons while he was the Caliph. Umar, May Allah be pleased with him, said:

“The woman is correct and the man (Umar) is mistaken.”

In another narration, Umar said:

“The woman has disputed Umar and she has defeated him.” (See Fathul-Bari 4,853)

Anas ibn Malik reported:

“Abdurrahman ibn Awf married a woman and he gave her the weight of a date stone in gold as a dowry. When the Prophet, peace and blessings be upon him, noticed the signs of happiness on his face, he asked him about it and Abdurrahman said, “indeed, I have married a woman and I have given her the weight of a date stone in gold.” (Sahih Bukhari 4,853)

Ibn Hajar reported:

Umar ibn Al-Khattab said, “Do not exaggerate in the dowry given to women.” A woman said, “You cannot do that, O Umar, for Allah said: You have given them a great amount of gold,” (4:20) and this was according to the recitation of Ibn Mas’ud. So Umar said, “The woman has disputed Umar and she has defeated him.”

In another narration, Umar said: “The woman is right and the man is wrong.” The basis of this story is the statement of Umar, “Do not exaggerate in your charity towards women,” as recorded by the compilers of the Sunan books and authenticated by Ibn Hibban and Al-Hakim.” (See Fathul-Bari 4,853)

My respected people,
All what I want to indicate here in summary is: IN ISLAM, WOMAN CAN HOLD PUBLIC POSITIONS OF AUTHORITY IN A POSITION FOR WHICH SHE IS QUALIFIED. Among our reasons are as follows:

On a scholarly level, there was Aisha, May Allah be pleased with her. She is credited with disseminating the knowledge of Islam and information about almost all aspects of Islamic life. Today, nearly half of the Islamic jurisprudence of the Hanafi school of thought (which is followed by about 70 percent of the Muslim World) comes through the students of Aisha alone.

On a political level, there was Umm Salamah. During the signing of the treaty of Hudaybiyyah, when none of the Muslim men agreed to forego Hajj due to the demands of the pagan Makkans, the Prophet consulted Umm Salamah. Her advice to him was to perform the rituals indicating that they would not be performing the pilgrimage, and the Muslims would follow. He heeded her advice, and as she suggested, the Muslims accepted this.

After the death of the Prophet, one major issue was how to preserve the authenticity of the Qur’an. Although the Qur’an had always been committed to memory and writing, the written pages were scattered. When a master copy was put together at the time of the first Khalifah (Caliph), Abu-Bakr, that copy was not kept with him or any other Muslim man. It was kept with a woman – Hafsah (May Allah be pleased with her).

Brothers and Sisters,
These are just a few examples of the dynamic role women played in early Islamic history. But they are of no use if the inclusion of women in the community or nation’s affairs is reflected only in theory.

In modern practice, Muslim women perform many roles in society in the fields of religion, politics, science, medicine, education, police, the military, and other important functions. Muslim women provide important contributions to their countries and they should be valued for the services they provide.

Therefore, a Muslim woman is allowed to obtain any position of leadership and authority for which she is qualified, although some positions are specific only to men such as commander of the armed forces and prayer leader (Imamship).
Lastly, Allah the Most High, Mighty and Wise said:

“…Never will I allow to be lost the reward of the work of any of you, be he male or female. You are (members) of one another…” (Ali Imraan, 3:195)

Success comes from Allah, and Allah knows best.

All praise belongs to Allah, may His peace and blessings be upon our final Prophet Muhammad, his family, his companions and all those who follow his guidance.

This Khutbah (Friday Sermon) was prepared for delivery today, Friday, Safar 8, 1437 A.H (November 20, 2015), by Imam Murtada Muhammad Gusau, the chief Imam of Nagazi-Uvete Jumu’at Mosque, Okene, Kogi State Nigeria. He can be reached via: +2348038289761.

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[Friday Sermon]  Being The Religion Of Peace And Love, Islam Fights Discrimination And Hatred By Imam Murtada Gusau

In the Name of Allah, the Most Gracious, and the Most Merciful

Alhamdulillah. Indeed, all praise is due to Allah. We praise Him and seek His help and forgiveness. We seek refuge with Allah from the evil within ourselves and from our wrongdoings. He whom Allah guides, no one can misguide; and he whom He misguides, no one can guide.

I bear witness that there is no (true) god except Allah-alone without a partner, and I bear witness that Muhammad (SAW) is His ‘abd (servant) and Messenger.

“O you who have believe! Revere Allah the right reverence, and do not die except as Muslims.” (Al-Imraan, 3:102)

“O people! Revere your Lord who has created you from a single soul, created from it its mate, and dispersed from both of them many men and women. Revere Allah through whom you demand things from one another; and (cherish the ties of) the wombs, indeed, Allah is ever-Watchful over you.” (An-Nisaa’, 4:1)

“O you who have believe! Revere Allah and say fair words. He will then rectify your deeds and forgive your sins. He who obeys Allah and His Messenger have certainly achieved a great victory.”(Al-Ahzaab, 33:70-71)

Indeed, the best speech is Allah’s (SWT) Book and the best guidance is Muhammad’s (SAW) guidance. The worst affairs (of religion) are those innovated (by people), for every such innovation is an act of misguidance leading to the Fire.

Allah the Most High said:

“O mankind! We have created you from a male and a female, and made you into nations and tribes, that you may know one another. Verily, the most honourable of you with Allah is that who has At-Taqwa (i.e. the Pious). Verily, Allah is All-knowing, Well Acquainted (with all things).[Al-Hujurat, 49:13]

O servants of Allah,

I urge myself first and all of you to obey Allah and be submissive to Him. Verily, Allah, Exalted is He, has declared the truth in His noble Book as He says:

“O you who have believed, fear Allah and believe in His Messenger; He will (then) give you a double portion of His Mercy and make for you a light by which you will walk and forgive you; and Allah is Forgiving and Merciful.”(Al-Hadid: 28)

Dear Muslims, Dear Nigerians,

Our Lord sent His Messengers to bring out people from darkness into the light and spread goodness and peace as well as love and compassion amongst them. Every Messenger came to complete what his predecessor began and built up on what had been achieved. For example, the Prophet of Allah Isa (Jesus) complemented the message of Musa (Moses), peace be upon them. The Almighty says:

“And We sent, following in their footsteps, Jesus, the son of Mary, confirming that which came before him in the Torah; and We give him the Gospel, in which was guidance and light and confirming that which preceded it of the Torah as guidance and instruction for the righteous.”(Al-Maida: 46)

Our Prophet Muhammad (SAW) was sent to continue this mission of guidance further. Allah says:

“Muhammad is not the father of [any] one of your men, but [he is] the Messenger of Allah and last of the prophets. And ever is Allah, of all things, knowing.” (Al-Ahzaab: 40)

Thus he (SAW) completed the heavenly messages and laid down the rules for respecting and appreciating them.

On this matter, Allah’s Messenger (SAW) said:

“My similitude in comparison with the other prophets before me is that of a man who has built a house nicely and beautifully, except for a place of one brick in a corner. The people go about it and wonder at its beauty, but say, ‘Would that this brick be put in its place!’ So I am that brick, and I am the last of the Prophets.”

He (SAW) believed in Books sent by Allah to other Messengers before him. Isa (Jesus AS) informed his people about the arrival of the Prophet Muhammad (SAW) when he said:

“O children of Israel, indeed I am the Messenger of Allah to you confirming what came before me of the Torah and bringing good tidings of a Messenger to come after me, whose name is Ahmad.” (As-Saf: 6)

The Prophet Muhammad (SAW) was instructed to believe in what is in the Book sent to him as mentioned here:

“But say, I have believed in what Allah has revealed of the Qur’an.” (Ash-Shura: 15)

The most Exalted is He, says that Quran came to confirm what was mentioned in the Gospel:

“And We have revealed to you, [O Muhammad], the Book in truth, confirming that which preceded it of the Scripture and as a criterion over it.”(Al-Maida: 48)

Our Lord also ordered us to believe in all of His Books and Messengers as He says:

Say, [O believers], We have believed in Allah and what has been revealed to us and what has been revealed to Abraham and Ishmael and Isaac and Jacob and the Descendants and what was given to Moses and Jesus and what was given to the prophets from their Lord. We make no distinction between any of them, and we are Muslims [in submission] to Him.” (Al-Baqara: 136)

At the same time, He banned us from making distinction between His Messengers and Apostles as He says:

We make no distinction between any of His Messengers.”(Al-Baqara: 285)

For his part, the Prophet (SAW) says:

“Don’t give superiority to any prophet amongst Allah’s Prophets.”

Dear servants of Allah,

The noble Qur’an underlines fine human relations based on the goodly word, purposeful dialogue, good treatment and kind forgiveness. It is also promoting means that achieve peace and harmony, and is calling for staying away from causes of hatred and strife. The aim is to ensure stability and prosperity and to reinforce positive communication amongst people and civilizations. Our Lord says:

We have created you from a male and a female, and made you peoples and tribes that you may know one another.” (Al-Hujurat: 13)

In light of what has been said, the anti-discrimination law has been issued as an evident response to the call of all heavenly religions aiming at preserving the human dignity and rights. It is also meant to maintain sanctities, which Islam has called for their protection from any potential aggressor or disdainful person.

As it is known that Allah may deter the aggressors through the power of Authority more than He may through Qur’an. The leaders are in the position to intervene to prevent people from committing sins and corruption in a way that is more efficiently. Here the law acts as a deterrent agent against anyone who may venture to insult Allah or to cause mischief in the land. The Almighty describes His Highest and unique status saying:

That is Allah, your Lord; there is no deity except Him, the Creator of all things, so worship Him. And He is Disposer of all things. Vision perceives Him not, but He perceives [all] vision; and He is the Subtle, the Acquainted.” (Al-An’aam: 102-103)

The law also stipulates stringent penalties against anyone who offends others religions, their rituals and sacred places, or abuses any heavenly Books through any acts of distortion, destruction or disrespect. Moreover, the law came also to prohibit any act that would be considered as insulting or ridiculing Prophets and Apostles, their wives, their families and companions. Further, it criminalizes any act that would be considered as insulting or bringing damage to houses of worship or graveyards, including their content or accessories.

In fact, the law provisions honour Allah’s ordinances, rituals and sanctities in accordance with what He says:

“That [has been commanded], and whoever honours the sacred ordinances of Allah, it is best for him in the sight of his Lord.” (Al-Hajj: 30)

Brothers and Sisters,

On another note, the anti-discrimination law highlights the pioneering role of our country in preserving public interests and freedoms. It reflects the aspects of progress and civilizations the country enjoys under its judicious leadership. Such is seen in terms of religious coexistence, protection of the special status of the heavenly Books, Prophets and Companions.

These principles are embraced by Islam in accordance to a culture of moderation based on dialogue and wisdom rather than intolerance or disorder. Therefore, the law shall uphold further such high values and ideals as justice and orderly freedom and show the true side of our religion. Infact Islam is happiness for all humanity.

Dear Muslims, Dear respected Nigerians,

Please be aware that this law has been issued in the right time with the goal of enhancing social cohesion and strengthening the principles of moderation, peaceful coexistence and tolerance. This provides a sound foundation for the environment of continuing progress and acculturation. It sends a universal message for fighting discrimination and feud, containing extremism, discarding seeds of violence and fanaticism and preserving the rights of all without prejudice on the basis of religion, creed, doctrine, race or region.

Equally, it calls for respecting others and treating them well, criminalizes hate speech, alienation, and extremism and punishes anyone for naming other religious groups or individuals as criminals or speaking badly against them. Moreover, it summons all members of the community to protect the sound culture of moderation as our Lord says in this regard:

And thus we have made you a just community.”(Al-Baqara: 143)

Further, its rules reflect the essence of our tolerant religion and are in line with our high interests. They would allow us to benefit from a range of advantages like preserving the individual and community’s interests, protecting the national unity, barring temptations, drying up sources of extremism and criminalizing it’s financing.

Brothers and Sisters,

Allah the most Exalted has created humans and enjoined upon them the mission of populating the earth and enriching it with life and civilization. In so doing, He ordained them to establish peace and promote unity and tranquility. He has prescribed Islam as religion for all as He says:

“Indeed, the religion in the sight of Allah is Islam.” (Al-Imran: 19)

As-Salaam (meaning peace- a word related etymologically to Islam) is also one of the glorious names of Allah as He describes Himself in the noble Quran:

“Allah is He, than whom there is no other god. The Sovereign, the Holy One, the Source of Peace (and Perfection).” (Al-Hashr: 23)

And He is the Peace upon His Creation. He wants good things for them, inviting them to its virtues so as to win the Home of Peace. He Says:

“And Allah invites to the Home of Peace.” (Yunus: 25)

Peace is a blessing for which our Prophet (SAW) used to supplicate to Allah after each prayer. According to Aisha (R.A):

“When the Messenger of Allah (SAW) said the Salaam (in Prayer), he would sit only for as long as it took to say: ‘Allahummah anta Assalaam wa minka Assalaam, tabarakta ya dha Al Jalaal Wa Al Ikram. Meaning, (O Allah, You are Assalaam, From You is all peace, blessed are You O Possessor of majesty and honour).” (Muslim)

He (SAW) also said:

Spread the greeting (peace) to people and you will be safe.” (Ahmad)

That is, you keep away from discords and hatred and give way to mutual affection and reconciliation.

Dear Servants of Allah,

Peace is essential because it fulfills our interests and helps bring benefits to us. Moreover, it is a means by which to assess how civilized we are, ensure tranquility, strengthen love amongst families, achieve reconciliation between people in dispute and be far from inflicting wrong on others. Indeed whoever seeks avenues for peace will be on the right path and get Allah’s guidance. The Almighty says:

“By which Allah guides those who pursue His pleasure to the ways of peace and brings them out from darkness into the light, by His permission, and guides them to a straight path.” (Al-Maida: 16)

My respected people,

Please remember that Peace was Allah’s advice to His Apostles and the guidance for His pious servants. Here is the story of the Prophet Ibrahim (AS) who was leniently calling on his father to believe in Allah alone. When the latter refused to obey, Ibrahim (AS) did not turn against his father nor did he intimidate him. Instead he (Ibrahim) prayed to Allah saying:

[Abraham] said, “Peace will be upon you. I will ask forgiveness for you of my Lord. Indeed, He is ever gracious to me.” (Maryam: 47)

The noble Quran also tells us about a woman (Bilqis the Queen of Sheba) who was known for her wisdom as she pursued peace. About her, Allah says:

“She said, “O eminent ones, indeed, to me has been delivered a noble letter. Indeed, it is from Solomon, and indeed, it reads: ‘In the name of Allah, the Entirely Merciful, the Especially Merciful, Be not haughty with me but come to me in submission [as Muslims].’ “She said, “O eminent ones, advises me in my affair. I would not decide a matter until you witness [for] me.” (An-naml: 29-32)

When she discussed this matter with her people and court, they advised her to use force, to go to war. They said:

“They said: “We are men of strength and of great military might, but the command is yours, so see what you will command.” (An-naml: 33)

She got back to herself and thought of an alternative, a solution that was likely to spare her people the destructive consequences of such a move. She chose to offer a gift wishing to soften the hearts and avoid the war. She said:

“But indeed, I will send to them a gift and see with what [reply] the messengers will return.”(An-naml: 35)

Her attitude proved to be wiser and was praised before and after her conversion to Islam. She was remembered for her intuition that a gesture as simple as offering a gift could have a powerful impact on people’s reaction and reverse the course of events.

Thanks to her sensible decisions she led her people to succeed in this world and the next. She was quoted in surah An-naml as saying:

“My lord, indeed I have wronged myself, and I submit with Solomon to Allah, Lord of the worlds.” (An-naml: 44)

Dear Servants of Allah,

The first words that our Prophet (SAW) said when entering Madina were brief but were deep in meaning. They chanted love and called for peace. They had strong impact on hearts, ears and eye. The first who felt their emphatic power was his Companion Abdullah bin Salaam.

Speaking of his experience, he said:

“When the Prophet (SAW) came to Madina, the people rushed to meet him, and it was said, ‘the Messenger of Allah (SAW) has come! The Messenger of Allah (SAW) has come! The Messenger of Allah (SAW) has come!” It was said Three times.

“I came with the people to see him, and when I saw his face clearly, I knew that his face was not the face of a liar.”

“The first thing I heard him say was when he said, ‘O people! Spread (the greeting of) salaam, feed others, uphold the ties of kinship, and pray during the night when people are sleeping, and you will enter Paradise with Salaam (peace).” (Al-Tirmidhi)

As he (SAW) explained to people, peace was his ultimate goal, inviting everyone to achieve it and act accordingly. A person asked Allah’s Messenger (SAW):

“What (sort of) deeds in or (what qualities of) Islam are good?’ He replied, “To feed (the poor) and greet those whom you know and those whom you don’t know.” [Agreed upon]

This meaning took deep root in Companions’ minds. Ammar bin Yasir said:

“Whoever combines three qualities has got Iman (faith). That implies being far from wrong, attaining goodness and making efforts for the spread and continuity of peace and being just and generous.”[Al-Bukhari]

Commentators maintained that these virtues involve avoiding breaking ties, hatred and animosity and as such they mark one’s genuine submission to Allah.

On another level, peace is the basis of dealing with other people as our Prophet (SAW) ordained by his Lord. The Almighty says in this regard:

“Well, O prophet, bear with them and say, “Peace to you!’’ soon they shall know.” (Az-Zukhruf: 89)

Here the Prophet (SAW) was advised that he should neither curse his opponents for their scornful attitude and mockery, nor respond in harsh words. He was asked instead to just wish them well and forgive them.

Indeed these are the true characters of the faithful as highlighted in this verse:

“And when they hear ill speech, they turn away from it and say, “For us are our deeds, and for you are your deeds. Peace will be upon you; we seek not the ignorant.” (Al-Qasas: 55)

Peace is thus inclusive of behaviours and good morals advocated by Islam, ones that lead the Muslim to succeed and win Paradise. Allah says:

“But those who feared their Lord will be driven to Paradise in groups until, when they reach it while its gates have been opened and its keepers say, “Peace be upon you; you have become pure; so enter it to abide eternally therein,” [they will enter].” (Az-Zumar: 73)

O Servants of Allah,

Please obey Allah as it should be, by observing Him in Private and in public and know that one of the foundations of coexistence is peace. Under its shade can people live in serenity, enjoy prosperity and feel safe. Know that Nigeria is a blessed country that we pray to enjoy peace and stability and to be a place where everyone is secure, lives is respect and receives esteem.

Truly this is a Divine blessing that we all need to protect, foster and above all praise Allah the most Exalted for granting us with great founding fathers, who laid its basis, and the current leaders, who are promoting peace and goodness for the sake of people as our Prophet (SAW) called for. He said:

“Shall I not tell you of something which, if you do it, you will love one another? Spread the greetings of Salaam amongst yourselves.” (Muslim)

Dear Servants of Allah,

Bear in mind that you are asked to offer prayer and greetings upon our most noble Prophet, Muhammad (SAW), and Allah says:

“Indeed, Allah and His angels sends blessing upon the Prophet. O you who have believed, ask [Allah to confer] blessing upon him and ask [Allah to grant him] peace.”(Al-Ahzaab: 56)

On the same matter, the Prophet (SAW) said:

“For everyone who invokes a blessing on me will receive ten blessings from Allah.”(Muslim)

May the peace and the blessings of Allah be upon our beloved Master Muhammad (SAW), his family and all his Companions. May Allah be pleased with the rightly guided Caliphs: AbuBakr, Umar, Uthman and Ali, and all those who will follow them in righteousness till the Day of Judgment.

Inna lillahi wa inna ilayhi raaji’ uun!

It is indeed with deep sense of loss I received the sad and regrettable news of the passing away of Emir of Borgu kingdom, Alhaji Haliru Muhammad Dantoro, Kitoro III of Borgu Emirate. Surely the Emir is a great and courageous leader, a man of peace, and his network of friends extends beyond the shores of Nigeria. He is indeed Unique in his leadership and deep in his faith in Allah the Almighty. May his exemplary leadership style in promoting peace, unity and progress in Niger State and generally Nigeria be remembered as his legacy towards making Nigeria a better place to live. I commiserate with His Eminence, the Sultan of Sokoto Alhaji Muhammad Sa’ad Abubakar III, the leader of all the Nigerian Muslims and President General of the Nigeria Supreme Council for Islamic affairs (NSCIA), President Muhammadu Buhari (PMB), the Governor of Niger State, Alhaji Abubakar Sani Bellor, the Etsu Nupe and Chairman of Niger State Council of Traditional rulers, Alhaji Yahaya Abubakar, the Emir of Kontagora, the Emir of Suleja Alhaji Auwal Ibrahim, General Ibrahim Babangida, General AbdulSalam Abubakar, the APC leader and former Governor of Lagos State Asiwaju Bola Ahmed Tinubu, the Jagaba of Borgu, the deceased’s family, the people of Borgu, the entire people of Niger State, and indeed the Muslim Ummah and the entire People of Nigeria.

I pray that Allah the Almighty forgive his shortcomings and failings. May He the Most High grant him Jannatul Firdaws. May He the Exalted give all of us the fortitude and perseverance to bear the irreplaceable, great and irreparable loss, Ameen.

I also want you my respected people to please, include my father Alhaji Muhammad Dangusau Maidoya Gusau in your blessed prayers. He died Friday, October 16, 2015 in Gusau Zamfara State (three weeks ago). May Allah (SWT) forgive him, have mercy on him and grant him Jannatul Firdaws, Ameen.

I pray to Allah, the Most Gracious, to preserve and protect our country Nigeria from all temptations, both apparent and hidden, and continue blessing Nigeria with safety and security.

O Allah, may we ask You to help us with what gets us closer to Paradise and furthers us from hell.

O Allah we seek Your grace to admit us, our parents, our leaders and whoever has done a favour to us and all Muslims to Your Paradise.

O Allah, we implore You at this instant not to let a sin unforgiven, a distress unrelieved, an illness unhealed or a handicapped without relief, a dead without mercy or a debt unsettled.

Our Lord, give us in this world that which is good and in the Hereafter that which is good, and save us from the torment of the Fire.

May Allah grant success to our leaders, have mercy on them, provide strength and assistance to them, and guide them to the right way that will benefit all Nigerians irrespective of their religion, tribe, race, party and region.

O Allah forgives all of our brothers, men and women, living and dead, and makes blessings follow us and them.

O Allah gives us beneficial rain and do not make us among the despondent. O Allah, relieve us, O Allah, relieve us, O Allah relieve us.

O servants of Allah remember Allah and He will remember you. Be grateful for His benevolence He will increase His blessings to you. Allah, the Most High, Says:

“And establish prayer, indeed, prayer prohibits immorality and wrongdoing, and the remembrance of Allah is greater. And
Allah knows that which you do.”
(Al-Ankabuut: 45)

 

This Khutbah (Friday Sermon) was prepared for delivery today, Friday, Muharram 23, 1437 AH (November 6, 2015), by Imam Murtada Muhammad Gusau, the Chief Imam of Nagazi-Uvete Jumu’at Mosque, Okene, Kogi State Nigeria. He can be reached through: +2348038289761.

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Rwanda Pastor Converts Church Members To Muslims [Pictures]

A Rwandan pastor has made the record of conducting the largest conversion of Christians to Muslims on Tuesday, August 25.

Africa Metro reports that the pastor, Salim Mikdad, converted all 480 members of his congregation to change their faiths.

According to one of the members, they were at the Church for when their pastor forced them to convert to Islam. Pastor Mikdad also converted the church premises into a mosque during the conversion ceremony. This is said to have happened after an Islamic cleric had preached to Pastor Mikdad and succeeded in converting him to Islam.

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[Friday sermon] No, The Terrorists Are Not Practicing Islam! By Imam Murtada Gusau

In the Name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful

Alhamdulillah. Indeed, all praise is due to Allah. We praise Him and seek His help and forgiveness. We seek refuge with Allah from the evil within ourselves and from our wrongdoings. He whom Allah guides, no one can misguide; and he whom He misguide, no one can guide.

I bear witness that there is no (true) god except Allah – alone without a partner, and I bear witness that Muhammad (SAW) is His ‘abd (servant) and Messenger.

“O you who believe! Revere Allah the right reverence, and do not die except as Muslims.” (Al-Imraan, 3:102)

“O people! Revere your Lord who has created you from a single soul, created from it its mate, and dispersed from both of them many men and women. Revere Allah through whom you demand things from one another and (cherish the ties of) the wombs, indeed Allah is ever-Watchful over you.” (An-Nisaa’, 4:1)

“O you who believe! Revere Allah and say fair words. He will then rectify your deeds and forgive your sins. He who obeys Allah and His Messenger have certainly achieved a great victory.”(Al-Ahzaab, 33:70-71)

Indeed, the best speech is Allah’s (SWT) Book and the best guidance is Muhammad’s (SAW) guidance. The worst affairs (of religion) are those innovated (by people), for every such innovation is an act of misguidance leading to the Fire.

My Dear Brothers and Sisters,

These are difficult times for the Muslim Ummah; these are difficult times for the all peace-loving Nigerians, at home or abroad. These are especially dangerous times for the poor people of Nigeria, especially Borno, Yobe, Adamawa, North east and generally Nigeria; country exhausted by years of warfare and poverty.

Whoever was responsible for the terror attack in the North east, it is ultimately Islam that gets the blame and Muslims who will suffer the punishment. Already, there are reports of attack on Muslims in many countries. No doubt this situation may get much worse in the future, given the negative associations in the media. The logic seems to be, if you’re a sincere and practicing Muslim, you are a Fundamentalist. And if you are a Fundamentalist, then you must also be a terrorist.

Whether Boko Haram, ISIS or some other Muslim group sponsored by underground, powerful and strong people was responsible for the terror attacks, or whether it was in fact, some dark conspiracy hatched by others to discredit or demonize Islam and the Muslims, I doubt that the truth will be known in the immediate future. Maybe the truth will not be known until Judgement day. Allah alone knows the truth, and He will most certainly dispense His Justice, in His own time, in His own way.

The ISIS and Boko Haram crisis has affected the whole world creating confusion for many Muslims and non-Muslims. Others made it an opportunity to discredit Islam and fuel Islamophobia.

What we Muslims should now concern ourselves with is that whatever we do, we must do with the intention of pleasing our Lord and Creator. Whether we choose a course of study, or start a career, or bring up a family or any struggle, we must always remain within the limits set by Islam. Whatever the provocation, we must not be tempted to do things that will incur Allah’s wrath and anger on us. We must not behave in any way that compromises the good name and the dignity of our faith. In the long history of Muslims in warfare, there are many examples of noble conduct and the rules of battle as set out in the Noble Qur’an and Sunnah of Muhammad (SAW). Even when fighting in self-defense, we have to beware of committing injustice towards anybody.

In surah Al-Ma’ida, verse 8, we are told:

“O you who believe! Stand out firmly for Allah as witnesses to fair dealing; and let not your hatred of a people, lead you to act unjustly towards them. Be just, that is next to piety; and fear Allah for Allah is well acquainted with all that you do.”

It is no use trying to speculate who was responsible for this terrible lose of innocent lives. Bearing in mind we have the knowledge about the dangerous creed adopted by some ignorant Muslims among us.  We will hear all kinds of rumours and all kinds of accusations. There are even theories going around that terrorist groups may have been infiltrated at some high level by the enemies of the North, Mossad, the Israeli secret service, and their agents could have masterminded the attack. Some people in the north accused former president Goodluck Jonathan’s administration for the sponsoring the activities of Boko Haram. Also some people in the south now are pointing accusing fingers to some of our leaders in the north for the sponsoring of Boko Haram and their activities. All those accusations are pure lies, nonsense and far from truth. They are only conspiracy theories.   How could such theories be proven or disproved? Now that USA and its allies and also British army are already on a war footing, will the evidence they claim to have, ever been made public? Will the world ever know who the real culprit was? The key question is who benefits? Who gains most from this appalling act of terror? Certainly not Islam and not Muslims, we have in fact the most to lose. So, who then is the mastermind behind it all? Allah alone knows best. We do know that there are those who seek to defame the good name of Islam with acts of terror. There are very powerful interest groups who want to destroy any cohesion and unity amongst Muslims, and who want this so called “war against terrorists” to become a war against Islam and Muslim everywhere… as if the terms Islam, Muslim, Fundamentalist and Terrorist are interconnected and inseparable.

Dear Brothers and Sisters,

We must not lose heart and become unduly depressed. We must remember, that everything that happens in life, can only happen with the permission of Allah. Like good Muslims, indeed, like ordinary human beings, we extend our condolences and our sympathy to those families who lost loved ones in Borno, Yobe and Adamawa States. There were different people from many families, including Muslims and non-Muslims who perished in those tragedies cause by the terrorists, the enemies of peace and progress. To them and to their grieving families, we say,

“Inna lillahi wa inna ilayhir raaji’uun.’’ “From Allah have we come and to Him is our return.”

As for the future, we know that not a leaf falls from a tree, but it is known to Allah (SWT). We must bring ourselves ever closer to him in everything we do, so that we can earn His good pleasure, and deserve His protection and mercy. To be a practicing Muslim in Borno, Yobe, Adamawa and generally north east these days, life will become especially challenging. But seeking the help of our Creator, we will, inshaa-Allah, rise to that challenge. We will be tested in our Imaan (faith) and our Taqwa as never before. As we are promised in surah Al-Baqarah verse 214:

“Or, did you think that you will enter Paradise without such trials that came to those who passed away before you? They encountered suffering and adversity, and were so shaken in spirit that even the Apostle and those of faith who were with him cried: “When will come the help of Allah?”

“Alaa inna nasrallaahi qareeb.” “Truly, the help of Allah is ever near.”

My Dear Brothers and Sisters,

I have absolutely no doubt in my mind, that at some point in the future [and it may not be in our lifetime] this war against innocent lives will be over, and it is truth, not falsehood that will triumph. We, or our children or our grandchildren, will once again see the meaning of that beautiful verse:

“And say: Truth has come, and Falsehood has perished, for falsehood by its very nature, is bound to perish.”

Dear Brothers and Sisters

What we can do, in our individual capacity, to help ourselves out of this difficult and sometimes dangerous situation?

Firstly, apart from the military action from the government, we must be vigilant and we must renew our commitment to Allah, and through our Salah (daily and night Prayers), Du’ah (supplications) and Zhikr, plead with Him to help us, and to help all People in this hour of need. We need divine intervention so that this wickedness and madness will come to an end. The only reliable weapon we have after military actions is prayers; we don’t have any connection, no contact but we do know that the contact of Allah is the supreme contact. Let’s intensify prayers, let’s rely on Allah after taking a concrete and proper actions so that His Mercy come down to us. Let’s Pray to Allah for our own protection, forgiveness, guidance and success in all matters and affairs, especially in our fight against insurgency and terror.

Secondly, we must help our fellow Brothers and Sisters elsewhere, the IDP’s, who are desperately in short of food, clothing, medicines and basic healthcare. It is our duty to help them in their hour of need. There are several government and non-governmental organizations like NEMA and others that will put our money to good use.

Finally, we must do everything in our power, to counter the negative propaganda about Islam and Muslims. The best way to do this is to show in our speech and in our behavior, the excellent qualities that are prescribed in our Qur’an and Sunnah. We must at all time, and especially in times of hardship and distress, we must be models of dignity and excellence of character, that will inspire others and win over their hearts and minds. We must let the people that do not know anything about Islam that all what the insurgents and terrorists are doing is not Islam and the religion of Allah do not have anything to do with it.

Allah has described His ideal people in the Noble Qur’an, surah Al-Imraan, verse 104:

“Let there arise out of you a band of people inviting to all that is good; enjoining what is right and forbidding what is wrong; they are the ones to attain success.”

Our job is simply to persevere in patience and constancy, in speaking the truth and living the excellent example, which is our duty and destiny.

I will end my today’s Sermon with some beneficial words from Oprah Winfrey so that you make sure you show your appreciation for her tweet. She said:

“If your only exposure to Islam has been the horrific acts perpetrated by extremist groups, you do not understand what it means to be Muslim at all.”

And she tweet again:

“We felt privileged to film the hajj and explore the beauty of Islam.”

Dear Brothers and Sisters let us pray to Allah:

“O Allah, condemn us not if we forget or fall into error; our Lord! Lay not on us a burden like that which you laid on those before us; our Lord! Lay not on us a burden greater than we have strength to bear. Blot out our sins and grant us forgiveness. Have mercy on us. You are our Protector; help us against those who stand against us.”

O Allah, we seek your forgiveness your mercy and your protection in this world and the next.

O Allah, we seek your forgiveness, your mercy and protection in our religion, in our worldly affairs, in our family and in our wealth.

O Allah, conceal our secrets and preserve us from anguish.

O Allah, guard us from what is in front of us and behind us, from our left, and from our right, and from above us, we seek refuge in your Greatness from being struck down from beneath us.

O Allah, we ask you that you decree good for us, you guide us to that which pleases you, you show us the path to Jannah (Paradise), you protect us and shield us from the ways to fire – verily, you have power over everything.

O Allah, guide those who are in authority over us, to that which you love and is pleased with. And make us and them help one another to al-Birr and Taqwa.

We seek refuge in you, from deviation after guidance, from deficiency after protection.

O Allah, save us – verily, you have power over everything.

And all praise belongs to Allah, the Lord of the Worlds.

This Khutbah (Friday Sermon) was prepared for delivery today, Friday, Muharram 16, 1437 AH (October 30, 2015), by Imam Murtada Muhammad Gusau, the Chief Imam of Nagazi-Uvete Jumu’at Mosque, Okene, Kogi State Nigeria. He can be reached via: 08038289761 (+2348038289761).

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{Friday Sermon} Emir Sanusi’s Marriage To Adamawa Princess And Islam’s Position On Polygyny, By Imam Murtada Gusau

In the Name of Allah,the All-beneficent, the All-Merciful

All the praises and thanks are to Allah who made marrying two or three or four women permissible. Prayers and Peace of Allah be upon the best one who applied this prescription and the best who observed justice in it (i.e. Prophet Muhammad).

Brothers and Sisters,

Allah does not prescribe anything but that it contains all good and benefit for the creatures. Allah Glorified and Exalted is all-wise, all- acquainted, and all-Merciful. Moreover, the Messenger of Allah, Prayersand Peace of Allah be upon him, does not speak from his own desire, but rather, it is only a revelation that is revealed. His speech is true and so are his actions. The Prophet never does anythingexcept by an order from Allah Almighty, never acknowledges anything that he sees from one of his companions except by a command from Allah. Amongst these things is Polygyny (not polygamy as some people call it). Allah Glorified and Exalted has prescribed and allowed it for many great wisdoms, noble aims, and sublime objectives such as purifying society from corruption, eliminating immoralities, protecting it from worry and preserving life so that it may remain safe and free from the bad effects of the diseases and foul smelling of immoralities and sins. That is because increasing number of women who do not have husbands is a cause of spreading fornication, debauchery, poverty, physical and psychological diseases such as anxiety, confusion, feeling of desolation, melancholy and the like.

Let everyone of us imagine that his sister or daughter has missed the train of marriage for any reason, or let everyone imagine the situation of the widow or the divorced that Allah almighty preordained her to be in this condition. Who will embark upon marrying such women? Let’s ask ourselves sincerely.

Will a young man who is in the prime of his life marry them?

Had not Allah prescribed Polygyny, what would have been the fate of these women who wait for a half or a quarter of a man?

Therefore, this clarifies that polygyny is for the interest of women at the first place before it is for the interest of man. It is not at all a kind of oppression practiced against woman, as some may believe. The one who prescribed polygyny is Allah Glorified and Exalted, who said in the Divine Hadith: 

“O my slaves, I have forbidden oppression to Myself and I have made it forbidden among you, so do not wrong one another.” [Reported my Muslim]

Can Allah forbid oppression then allow polygyny that implies oppression to woman?

Absolutely not and it cannot be.

That is because Allah is the One who has created the woman and He is the one who knows best her conditions and knows that polygyny will not harm her in anyway. Allah Almighty has said:

“{Should not He who has created know? And He is the Most Kind and Courteous (to His slaves), All-Aware (of everything)}.” [Surah Al-Mulk, 67:14]

He also says:

“{Say,do you know better or does Allah (Knows better)}.” [Surah Al-Baqarah, 2:140]

Allah Almighty has made polygyny permissible for the interest of woman by not preventing her from marriage, for the interest of man by not stopping his benefits, and for the interest of the nation by the multiplicity of its offspring. It is a prescription from the One Who is All-Wise and All-Acquainted. No one can challenge it except the one whom Allah has blinded his eyes by disbelief, hypocrisy, ignorance or stubbornness.

Polygyny in other Societies

We Muslims are not the only people who seek and call for polygyny. Rather, the non-Muslim countries began to ask for it and call upon applying it.They have witnessed the corruption and deviation that took place in their societies due to the great number of mistresses. This matter affected badly some societies of these countries, so its children become weak and their births have decreased to the extent of threatening with perishing. As a result, those who know something about the Islamic religion among them expressed publicly that they hope to adopt its satisfactory teachings and real virtues, which include polygyny. Furthermore, some of the intellectuals of the foreign women said in public that they hope that every man is better to have more than one wife so that every woman may have a man that can be responsible for and support her. A man, on whom she may depend on and retreat to, this also will remove the afflictions from them, and that their daughters will be housewives and mothers of legitimate children. Bertrand Russell, the English writer said:

“Strict monogamy is based on the assumption that the numbers of the sexes is approximately equal. Whereas this is not the case, it involves extensive cruelty on those women who are compelled to remain single because of some circumstances.”

Fellow Nigerians,

We have come a long way as Nigerians in living our dream as a nation. To have remained one indivisible nation for fifty-five years inspite of all the challenges that have been confronting us as a multi-religious and multi-ethnic nation we not only deserves to be celebrated but also calls for thanksgiving to Allah the Almighty. Let us maintain and preserve this gift from Allah by respecting each others religious and cultural practices.

My respected people,

The two major religions in Nigeria- Islam and Christianity – don’t prohibit marriage at the age of 18. The Nigerian constitution also doesn’t prohibit it, so why someone would criticize religious and cultural practices of others that he doesn’t understand? Why some people because of their hatred and enmity towards others don’t accept religious and cultural differences? Is there any law that prohibits a fifty-four year old man wedding an 18 year old woman? I don’t know why these enemies of peace, ignoramuses who doesn’t understand the meaning of peaceful co-existence use the #Childnotbride hashtag to mobilize people’s opinion against the emir Sanusi’s marriage to the Adamawa Princess Sa’adatu Barkindo Mustafa? I think we deserve respect from our brothers and sisters from different religious and cultural backgrounds in other to live in peace, unity, harmony and progress. We must avoid hate speeches and actions that will jeopardize our peaceful co-existence if it’s true we are law-abiding citizens and good Nigerians. Why are we always claiming that we are educated and at the same time behaving like uneducated?

Fellow Nigerians,

Marriage to more than one wife at the same time – polygyny – is a practice as old as the history of man, and is allowed in Islamic law. Among others, polygyny was well known to the Ancient Hebrews, Egyptians, Greeks, Persians, Assyrians, Japanese, Hindus, Russians and Germanic peoples.

Brothers and Sisters,

Also all previous revealed religions practiced and condoned Polygyny. The Old and New Testaments are at the foremost in the list of the religious Books that legalized and practiced it. Many of the Prophets of Allah before Prophet Muhammad (Peace be upon him) entered into plural marriages. Prophet Abraham had two wives; Prophet Jacob had four wives; and Prophet David had ninety-nine wives (may Allah exalt their mention). Prophet Solomon (May Allah exalt their mention) had seven hundred wives who were free noble women, and three hundred other wives who were slave women. No where does the law of the Prophet Moses (may Allah exalt their mention) set or determine a specific number of wives to which a husband was entitled. The compilers of the Talmud, who lived around Jerusalem, decided upon a certain number of wives for a man, and some Jewish scholars only permitted a second wife or more if the first wife was permanently ill or barren. Still other Jewish scholars did not permit plural marriages at all.

In the New Testament of the Bible, Jesus (peace be upon him) is commissioned to comply with and complete the Laws of Moses (may Allah exalt their mention) and we cannot find a single quote in the Bible or any other man made law that forbids plural marriage or marrying 18 years old woman. The prohibition of plural marriages in Christianity came about only as a result of legislation set forth certain segments of the Christian Church, and not by the original teachings of Christianity itself.

For this reason we find many examples of Christians taking multiple wives. The Irish king, Ditharmet, for instance, had two wives. King Frederick the Second had two wives with the church’s approval. Thus, it must be noticed that prohibition was in the hands of the priests of the church, and not in accordance with any universally recognized original law of Jesus Christ himself (may Allah exalt their mention). Martin Luther, the German Priest who first established the Protestant sect, considered plural marriage acceptable and advocated it on many occasions.

My Dearest Fellow Nigerians,

Polygyny was well known also amongst pagan Arab tribes prior to the advent of Islam but there was no limitation for the number of wives, like in the cases of some of the Prophets mentioned above. With the advent of Islam, the Islamic law condoned Polygyny but a man was limited to only four wives, and specific rules regulated these marriages. There are numerous examples in the authentic traditions wherein the Messenger of Allah (Peace be upon him) obligated those who had more than four wives, when they accepted Islam, to choose four and divorce the rest honourably. Allah, the Most Beneficent, said:

“(And if you fear that you shall not be able to deal justly with the orphan-girls, then marry (other) women of your choice, two or three, or four but if you fear that you shall not be able to deal justly (with them), then only one or (the captives and the slaves) that your right hands possess. That is nearer to prevent you from doing injustice.”(Surah An-Nisaa’, 4:3)

Thus we see that strict justice and fairness in treatment, and avoiding any injustice and wrong practices against all wives, is stipulated and conditional for those who wish to take more than one wife. The Messenger of Allah (Peace be upon Him) warned against favoritism saying:

“He who has two wives and is not just between them, he will come on the Day of Resurrection with one of sides fallen.” (Abu Dawud 2133 and Tirmidhi 1141 reported the Hadith and is authentic)

Justice and fairness, in this context, applies to material things such as expenditure, fair division of wealth, gifts, time etc. as for emotional matters, such as love and inclination of the heart towards one wife over the other, it is recognized that man has no control over his innermost heart and emotions, as they are involuntary. Allah, the Most Beneficent, said:

“You will never be able to do perfect justice between wives even if it is your ardent desire (i.e. emotions of the heart), so do not incline too much to one of them (by giving her more of your time and provision) so as to leave the other hanging (i.e. neither divorced or married). And Ifyou do justice, and do all that is right and fear Allah by keeping away from all that is wrong, then Allah is Ever oft- Forgiving, Most Merciful.” (Surah An-Nisaa’, 4:129)

Aishah, the mother of the believers and the wife of the Prophet (peace be upon him) narrated:

“The Prophet of Allah (Peace be upon him) would distribute everything justly among his wives, then say: O Allah! This is my division for what I possess, O Allah! Do not blame me for what you alone possess while I do not (i.e. emotions of the heart).”(Abu Dawud, Tirmidhi others, but with a weak chain)

A man who is impotent should not seek any marriage since he is unable to fulfill its basic requirement. He who knows for sure that he is financially incapable of supporting another wife and household, is not allowed to seek another marriage, just as the bachelor who seeks to marry must strive to earn the wherewithal and must be able to sustain his wife and future children. As Allah says, and which can be taken as a general rule:

”And let those who find not the financial means for marriage keep themselves chaste, until Allah enriches them with His Bounty.”(Surah An-Nuur, 24:33)

Let us take a look of some conditions that befall people of any society, and then assess whether Polygyny is a good solution for the problems that occur, and also the practice of Polygyny is in favour of a woman or against her! The following points prove that monogamy in many situations leads to promiscuity, prostitution or divorce.

For example, if a woman is sterile and the husband is interested in having children, should he divorce the woman and marry a second wife? Or, if she chooses to stay married to him, should he take a second wife giving them both equal rights as his lawful wives?

If a wife is chronically ill and cannot maintain her marital relations with her husband, should he keep her and take a second wife wherein she remains perfectly honoured, cared for and provided for by her husband? Or should he divorce her?

Some men are financially strong, and sexually demanding and potent with higher levels of hormonal testosterone. One wife may not be able to fulfill his lawful and natural sexual desire. If the menstrual period or after-birth-confinement period is notably longer than normal, or if she has no natural sexual desire to match that of the husband, or other scenarios, what is better for both husband and wife in such a case? Is it better for the man to remain frustrated and pent up, or seek unlawful sexual satisfaction outside the marriage? Or to acquire other lawful wives who can help to keep him chaste and satisfied?

In various parts of the world international and civil wars and other catastrophes often take their toll on men more than women. Even naturally, the demographic number of females, for various reasons, is often more than males in most countries. The best example of this is the case of the First World War, and the Second World War, which claimed the lives of an astronomical number of men who had participated in the fighting, with tens of millions of them being killed. In other trouble spots the disproportionate death ratios are similar. In such a case, if every man had only one wife, what would be the necessary destiny of the women left without lawful marriage to satisfy their social, financial and sexual needs? Some women may be tempted to satisfy their sexual desires in unlawful ways through fornication, lesbian activities or prostitution, a destabilizing and abominable factor for any dignified, sensible society. The abundance of women without husbands, or male relatives to care and protect their interests, is one factor that helps spread corruption and illegitimate sexual activities in societies. What is better for a society and for such women in this case: to remain single and suffer all the consequences of life without marriage; or to accept to be a second, third or fourth wife with an honest, protective, honourable and chaste man?

Promiscuity unfortunately exists in all modern societies, but should it be legalized or condoned, as is the case under man-made laws, with all the social consequences? In most contemporary societies only monogamous marriage is legal, but extra-marital relations are allowed as a socially acceptable substitute for the situations mentioned above, in the form of mistresses, girlfriends, escort services, prostitution and common law marriages. These types of relationships have no merits of their own to stand on, and if the couple does not eventually get legally married, the illicit relationship often leads to abuse and conflict. These illicit relationships are only meant to fulfill sexual interests of the two parties involved without the responsibilities, and abuse the rights of the women in general. Legally it imposes no financial, social or emotional obligations, and if the woman becomes pregnant, it is her own problem, with the illegitimate children left without the support of a family and sometimes abandoned to the social service system. Men, generally, are not obliged to admit the paternity of the child, thus not obliged to take financial responsibility for the child. Abortions proliferate in this kind of society. In accordance with Islamic Law, a second, third, or fourth wife enjoys all the rights and privileges of the first wife without an iota of injustice or dishonor to her.

Adultery, fornication and all extra-marital sexual relations are strictly forbidden in Islam and the Prophet took all measures to protect the society from these social diseases which, if they become widespread, can only bring harm and destruction upon individuals, families, and the basic bond holding the society together as a whole. The following tradition shows the wisdom of the Prophet (Peace be upon Him) and patience in convincing a young virile man, by eloquent analogies, the injustice of double standards and the evils of wanton desires leading to fornication and adultery. No one would want his own female relatives to be exploited, used and abused, so how, then, can they allow themselves to exploit others?

An authentic tradition narrates:

“A young man came to the Messenger of Allah (Peace be upon him) and asked:O Messenger of Allah, permit me (with special license) to commit fornication (and adultery).”The people started to rebuke him harshly, but the Prophet sat close to him and asked: “Would you like it for your mother?He replied “No, by Allah, may Allah make me sacrifice for you!”The Messenger of Allah (Peace be upon Him) said: “And thus the people do not like it for their mothers,” and continued:“Would you like it for your daughter?”“No” he replied. The Messenger of Allah (Peace be upon Him) said: “And thus the people do not like it for their daughters,” and continued:Would you like it for your paternal Aunt?”“No” he replied.The Messenger of Allah (Peace be upon Him) said: “And thus the people do not like it for their maternal aunts,” and asked:“Would you like it for your maternal aunt?”“No” he replied. The Messenger of Allah (Peace be upon Him) said: “And thus the people do not like it for their maternal aunts.”Then the Prophet (Peace be upon Him) put his blessed hand on the youth and said: “O Allah forgive his sin and purify his heart and make him chaste (fortify his abstinence from sexual sins).(Ahmad reported the Hadith 22265 and is authentic)

One might say that this tradition is a practical application of the golden rule as mentioned by the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon Him):

“None of you (truly) believes until he loves for his brother that which he loves for himself.” (Bukhari 15 and Muslim 44 reported it)

Polygyny in the Islamic society is limited to four wives only; the marriages being performed lawfully with a proper marriage contract, witnesses, etc. the man must bear all financial burdens and responsibilities to his wives and children that arise from his marriages. All the children are legitimate and must be raised and cared for under the responsibility of both Parents.

One might ask that, if we permit polygyny for men, why is not polyandry permitted for women? The answer to this question is simple since numerous natural and physical reasons, as indicated above, preclude this as a viable option. Men in almost all societies of the world have the position, domination and authority over the households due to their natural endowment and strength. Even if, for argument’s sake, we forego the idea of their strength and suppose that a woman has two or more husbands, the question will arise: who will have the ultimate authority and leadership of the home – as this would create harmful competition, jealousy, anger and hatred among the husbands and result in great destruction in the society.

Moreover, if a woman were allowed to be married to more than one man, who would be the legal father of the child she bears, and how would fatherhood be convincingly determined? What would happen to the demography of the society after some generations of this arrangement? Would the men be able to remain chaste within their marriage vows in such an arrangement with one wife, or would he be tempted into promiscuity? The answers to all these questions are obvious. Since a woman can only become pregnant approximately once a year and she can get pregnant by only one man at a time, while a man can naturally impregnate more than one woman on a continual basis, it follows that it is more logical and natural that the man has more than one wife and that she doesn’t engage more than one husband.

Above all in polygyny, the man is responsible for the provision of all of his wives and children, which keeps everything in order, while this is not case in polyandry, thus impractical from any conceivable angle whatsoever. The following are statements of some western thinkers who demanded polygyny and considered it the only solution for the problems they were confronted with in their societies.

Gustav Le Bon, the well-known French thinker, says in his book Arabic Civilization:

“Polygyny enables the society to reduce crisis, prevents the mistress problem and cures the society from illegitimate children.”

 Annie Besant, in her book on Indian Religions says:

“I read in the Old Testament that the closest friend to God, whose heart acts upon the will of God, was polygynous. Moreover, the New Testament did not forbid Polygamy except for priests or ministers of the church, who were required to keep and maintain one wife only. Old Indian religious books also permitted Polygamy. It is easy, however, to criticize others in their religious practices. And that is what made people accuse Islam and attack it for its permission of Polygamy. However, it is strange that Westerners are against the restricted and limited Polygamy of the Muslims, while they suffer from wide scale prostitution and promiscuity in their own societies. A close examining look at the Western society illustrates that only a few pure, chaste and honest men respect their clean marital relationships and honour their marriage to one single wife and have no other sexual relationship outside marriage. It is an incorrect and inaccurate statement, therefore, to describe a community as monogamous, in which the men maintain a single marriage, while they are indeed having mistresses, girlfriends and other means of sexual relationship outside marriage to their legal and lawful wife.If we were to be fair and just, we could see that Polygamy in Islam protects, honours, maintains and respects women in society. Polygamy is better than the Western prostitution that permits a man to have mistress or a girl friend to fulfill his sexual desire with no respect to the feelings, emotions, needs and honour of the women. The man will disown that woman as soon as he gets his satisfaction. The man has no social commitment or obligation towards the mistress or the girl friend. She is only meant to fulfill his sexual needs of the moment and give him the company he needs temporarily. Even though some people declare both polygamy and fornication or prostitution as bad and unacceptable, yet it is unfair for the non-Muslims to blame a Muslim for doing the same thing that he does while his society accepts and condones it.”

Jawad, a well-known English scholar, says:

“The stiff British system which prevents Polygamy is an unfair and unacceptable system. It severely hurts approximately two million women who have become old maids. These women have lost their youth and were deprived of having children. Thus, these women were forced to throw away the moral values as one throws away the pit of a date.”

Mobenar, a member of the previous French Parliament noted:

“There are two and a half million French girls now who cannot find a husband, if we assume that every French young man will marry only one woman. I frankly declare what I truly believe is that a woman will not enjoy a healthy life unless she becomes a mother. I believe that any law which passes a judgment that such a big number of the members of a society should live opposing, contradicting and neglecting to fulfill the natural laws of man on the Earth is but a cruel and savage law that contradicts the simplest meaning of justice and fairness.”

Karen Armstrong a British author and commentator known for her books on comparative religion, says in her book, Muhammad, page 190:

“Polygamy was not designed to improve the sex life of the boys and men – it was piece of social legislation.”

Ira Lurvey, of the family law section of American Bar Association says:

“Because we refuse to learn from Islamic polygamy we are going from monogamy to something called serial monogamy and we have no rules and guidelines; we are groping in the dark for how to conduct our lives.”

In 1959, the United Nations published a special publication stating:

“This publication has proven, by numbers and statistics, that the entire world is now facing a growing problem of illegitimate children, as opposed to legitimate children. The number of illegitimate children has increased 60% in some countries. In panama, for instance, the percentage of illegitimate births soared to 75% of the total number of births in the country. This means that three out of every four children are illegitimate, born outside of wedlock. The highest percentage of illegitimate births is stated to be in Latin America.”

At the same time, the publication proves and indicates that the number of illegitimate births in the Islamic world is almost nil (in comparison with other countries). The editor of the publication goes on to say that Islamic countries are protected against such social problems and diseases due to the fact that the people practice polygamy.

My respected people, Fellow Nigerians,this is the truth, and nothing but the truth.And Shaykhul Islam Ibn al-Qayyim (May Allah have mercy upon him) stated:

“Whoever the truth has been presented to and he rejects it, not accepting it, he is punished by way of his heart, intellect and point of view becoming corrupted.” (See his book, MiftaahDaris Sa’aadah 1/99)

A good citizen must respect and love those who tell him the truth no matter how hard it is. AndWeather we are Muslims, Christians, Southerners, Northerners, irrespective of our locations, regions, tribes, our social standings, should know that Nigeria needs all hands on deck for us to move forward as a nation.

O Allah, satisfies every hungry one, clothe every unclothed one, help every debtor pay his debts, relieve every distressed one, release every prisoner unjustly imprisoned, cure every sick one, forgive every dead one, ease our poverty by your wealth. I pray for peace, unity and development in Nigeria, Ameen.

May Allah guide everyone to what he loves and what pleases Him. Allah knows best. Prayers and peace of Allah be upon our prophet Muhammad, and upon all his family and Companions.

 

This Khutbah (Friday Sermon) was prepared for delivery today, Dhul-Hijjah 25, 1436 A.H (October 9, 2015), by Imam Murtada Muhammad Gusau, the Chief Imam of Nagazi-Uvete Jumu’at Mosque, Okene, Kogi state Nigeria. He can be reached through: 08038289761 (+2348038289761).

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DEVELOPING: 310 Pilgrims Killed, 450 Confirmed Injured In Hajj Stampede

The death toll in the hajj stampeded which occurred Thursday morning in the city of Mina, Saudi Arabia has reached 310,

The death toll as earlier reported was put at 220, but updated report by Reuters, quoting the Saudi Civil Defence Service put the figure at 310.

The Saudi civil defence service said that at least 450 people were hurt in the stampede which happened in a street separating two pilgrim camps, Al Jazeera reported from the scene.

“The street is named Street 204. This stampede did not happen during the Stoning of the Devil ritual, which was happening today,” correspondent Basma Atassi said.

Street 204 is one of the two main arteries in Mina leading through the camp at Mina to Jamarat Bridge, where the Stoning of the Devil ritual is performed.

The incident happened near an exit from a monorail train station near the tent camps. The camp sector houses pilgrims from Gulf nations, who apparently are the majority among the victims.

It was not immediately clear what had caused the stampede.

Pilgrims had assembled in Mina, outside Mecca, to throw pebbles at one of three walls representing Satan, the symbolic ‘stoning of the devil’, which marks the last day of the pilgrimage.

The stampede, one of the worst incidents to hit the hajj in nearly a decade, broke out during the symbolic stoning of the devil ritual.

It was the second major incident this year for hajj pilgrims, after a construction crane collapsed on September 11 at Mecca’s Grand Mosque, Islam’s holiest site, killing 109 people including many foreigners.

The hajj, which is among the five pillars of Islam, has been free of stampedes for years. The last time such incident happened was in 2006, when 364 pilgrims were killed during the stoning ritual in Mina.

It was not immediately clear if the stoning ritual at Mina would continue as planned until Saturday after the stampede.

Helicopters were flying over the area and the sirens of dozens of ambulances could be heard, AFP reporters said.

 

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Eid Al- Adha Celebration: History And The Do’s

The Eid Al- Adha is an Islamic Festival celebration that relieves the period that Abraham was asked to sacrifice his son Ismael. It acknowledges the willingness of Abraham known as Ibrahim to sacrifice his only son doing the will of God without Question until God through Angel Jubril Intervened.

History of Eid Al- Adha

The celebration is a perfection of a religion that started around the 7th Century. The sacrifice of the Ram is a commemoration.

The Eid history dates back four thousand years ago when God instructed Abraham to bring his wife Hagar and his son to Mecca a place that was a dry, rocky and uninhabited from Canaan Land. Abraham was preparing to return to Canaan Land when his wife Hagar asked if God had asked him to leave them back or he is leaving them to die of which Abraham did not even look back to avoid disobeying God or exposing his sadness, he just nodded and left.  Although enough food and supplies were left for Hagar and his son Ishmael they ran out very quickly and not for long did they begin to feel the pangs of hunger and thirst.

Hagar ran up and down between two hills called Al-Safa and Al-Marwah seven times after which she collapsed beside her son and asked God for deliverance and miraculously water sprung from the earth and this water supply is presently known as ZamZam Well where pilgrims believe if they drink of their prayers to God will be answered.

Years later God instructed Abraham to return from Canaan Land to build a place of worship opposite Hagar’s well. He built a stone and mortar structure which is called Kabba where people who wanted to pray to strengthen their faith which laid the foundation for Mecca.

When Ishmael was 13 and Abraham 99, he started having recurring dreams where God asked him to sacrifice his only son which he had asked God for many years. Abraham went ahead to do the wishes of the Divine being, but decided to tell his son beforehand, Ishamel’s Maturity in faith was tested as well but after all his father had told him he said ‘”Father, do what you have been commanded. You will find me, Insha’Allah (God willing), to be very patient.”  After Abraham has slit the throat of Ishmael but found out he was not hurt instead there was a slaughtered Ram, he had passed his test do God’s will and that is exactly what Eid Al-Ahda is all about. Abraham had shown that his love for God superseded all others: that he would lay down his own life or the lives of those dearest to him in submission to God’s command. Muslims commemorate this ultimate act of sacrifice every year during Eid al-Adha.

Another reason that the Eid- Al Adha is celebrated is to acknowledge the fifth Pillar of Islam. The Prophet Mohammed performed Hajj, did a pilgrimage from Medina to Mecca on Foot. On his way back a particular verse of the Koran was sent to him via Angel Jubril God said He had perfected his religion and it would be called Islam, ‘Enjoin your people to worship me and me alone, offer salat in a timely manner, give alms to the poor, fast in the month of Ramadan and go to Hajj if you have the means’.  The fifth Pillar of Islam which states ‘go to Hajj if you have the means’ is part of the entire celebration with seven activities to be completed before the festival of the Eid Al Adha.

Ihram: This is a state of holiness which consists of wearing white seamless clothes for both Men and Women, declaring the intention to perform Pilgrimage and refraining from certain activities like lipping nails, shaving body parts, sexual relations, getting married and more.

Tawaf and sa’ay: Tawaf means walking seven times counter clockwise around the Kaaba (the stone built by Abraham) Tawaf is followed by sa’ay, running or walking seven times between the hills of Safa and Marwah, located near Kaaba.

Mina: After the morning  prayer on the 8th of Dhu al-Hijjah, the pilgrims proceed to Mina where they spend the whole day offering prayers.

Arafat: Where they pray for atonement, listen to sermons from Islamic scholars, from noon through sunset. It is known as ‘Standing before God’ A pilgrim’s Hajj is considered null and void if they do not spend the afternoon on Arafat.

Muzdalifah: Pilgrims must leave Arafat to Muzdalifah which is an area between Arafat and Mina where they perform Maghrib and Isha prayer and sleeping on open ground with open sky.

Ramy al-Jamarat: This is also known as stoning the devil, seven stones are thrown at the largest pillars known as Jamrat al Aqabah, the pillars are said to represent satan.

Animal Sacrifice: After casting stones animals are slaughtered to commemorate Abraham and Ishmael.

Hair Removal: This is also known as Halak, Men are expected to cut short their hair and women, get tips of their hair cut.

Tawaf Al-Ifaadah: Pilgrims revisit the masjid al Haram Mosque in Mecca for Tawaf al –Ifaadah which symbolises being in a hurry to respond to God and show love for him.

Men should go to the mosque to perform the Eid prayer, Women are also highly encouraged to attend although not compulsory. Menstruating women do not participate in the formal prayer but can witness the gathering of Muslims.

For the Eid Celeberation.

Muslims are encouraged to prepare themselves for the occasion of Eid. Below is a list of things Muslims are recommended to do in preparation for the Eid al-Adha festival:

Make wudhu (ablution) and offer Salat al-Fajr (the pre-sunrise prayer).

Prepare for personal cleanliness—take care of details of clothing, etc.

Dress up, putting on new or best clothes available.

You can just buy a Ram online on Kaymu.

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Catholic Bishops Conference Of Nigeria, Communique: A Call To True Conversion Of Heart

A Communiqué at the End of the Second Plenary Meeting of the Catholic Bishops’ Conference of Nigeria (CBCN) at the Pastoral Centre, Igwuruta, Port Harcourt, Rivers State, September 10-18, 2015.

1.      PREAMBLE

We, the Catholic Bishops of Nigeria, held our Second Plenary Meeting of the year at the Pastoral Centre, Igwuruta, Port Harcourt Rivers State from September 10 to 18, 2015. Having prayerfully reflected on the issues affecting the Church and our country, we now present our Communiqué.

2.      EVENTS IN THE CHURCH

We thank God for his infinite mercies and for the many blessings he has continued to shower on the Church, Family of God, in Nigeria. On the 28March, 2015, the resignation of Most Rev. Athanasius Usuh as Bishop of Makurdi was announced. In accordance with Canon Law, the Coadjutor Bishop, Most Rev. Wilfred Chikpa Anagbe CMF, has already taken canonical possession as the fourth Bishop of Makurdi Diocese.

Most Rev. Denis Chidi Isizoh has been ordained as the Auxiliary Bishop of Onitsha Archdiocese. We joyfully unite with Archbishop Joseph Ukpo who marked his sacerdotal Golden Jubilee, with Most Rev. Lucius Ugorji who celebrated his Episcopal Silver Jubilee. With deep sorrow but with strong faith in the resurrection, we pray for the repose of the soul of Bishop Malachi Goltok of Bauchi diocese, who passed on after our First Plenary. The Veritas University of Nigeria, Abuja (the Catholic University of Nigeria), has been granted full operational license by the Nigeria Universities Commission.

3.      THE ENCYCLICAL LETTER OF POPE FRANCIS, LAUDATO SI

We welcome the recent Encyclical Letter Laudato Si’, on care for our Common Home issued by His Holiness Pope Francis on  8 June 2015,followed by the announcement, that the “World Day of Prayer for the Care of Creation” be henceforth celebrated annually in the Church on 1 September. The changes we have noticed in our climate are affecting everyone. Locally, the degradation of our environment is worsened by such collective bad habits as littering everywhere with plastic sachets and bottles, loss of tropical forests, lack of proper disposal of waste and a contemporary throwaway culture. The ecological crisis that we experience today summons nations, international communities, Christians, Muslims, people of other religions, local communities, families, individuals, all persons of good will not only to the responsibility of justice but also to a profound spiritual and ecological conversion: from consumerism to sacrifice; from greed to generosity; and from wastefulness to sharing (Laudato Si’, 216, 156
and 159).

4.      THE EXTRAORDINARY JUBILEE OF MERCY

His Holiness Pope Francis has also announced the celebration of the Jubilee Year of Mercy, which will begin on 8 December 2015, to coincide with fiftieth anniversary of the closing of the Second Vatican Ecumenical Council and the Solemnity of the Immaculate Conception. We hope to see in our nation, from our leaders, in our communities, churches, mosques, interpersonal relationships, businesses, practical demonstrations of mercy and compassion. Through the grace of this celebration, may the poor find fulfilment and comfort; may the wounded be healed, the destitute and migrants find shelter, love, care, rehabilitation, and hope. We pray that the broken-hearted may experience love, forgiveness, healing and mercy. We also hope that during this Year of Mercy the voiceless may be heard, those discriminated against may find true acceptance, those deprived and exploited experience justice, the marginalized find strength, the sick healing, and those unjustly detained given freedom.

5.      MARRIAGE, FAMILY AND HUMAN SOCIETY

After our First Plenary meeting from 20 to 26February, 2015 in Abuja, we issued a Communiqué entitled “Good Families Make Good Nations”. As we look forward to the celebration of the World Day of the Family in Philadelphia from 20 to 27September, 2015 and the General Assembly of the Synod of Bishops in Rome in October this year, we re-affirm the validity of the family as a divinely instituted community of persons made up of a man and a woman who are open to life in love, together with their children and relatives. We commend His Holiness Pope Francis for the Motu Proprio,Mitis Iudex Dominus Iesus (Jesus Christ, the meek Judge) aimed at accelerating the process for the declaration of the nullity of marriage. We pledge to use this new process for the pastoral and spiritual benefit of our people.

We observe with deep concern the rise of the orientation towards homosexuality and lesbianism as well as bisexual and transgender activism in many parts of the world (perhaps not excluding our own).
We re-iterate our unreserved condemnation of all acts of homosexuality as sinful and opposed to the natural law of creation. We call on our government to continue to resist the attempt by some external
governments and agencies to impose an acceptance of same-sex unions.

Nevertheless, we maintain that persons with these orientations should be assisted pastorally, spiritually and psychologically, with respect for their dignity as human persons created in the image and likeness
of God.

  1.     YOUTH CHALLENGES AND PRIESTLY MINISTRY

    We acknowledge the contemporary challenges that confront our nation especially the teaming youth population. These pose problems to priests in the exercise of their ministry. We encourage priests who
    work in very difficult situations to draw strength from the cross of Jesus.  We the Catholic Bishops of Nigeria are resolved not only to assure priests of their paternal solidarity, but also to encourage them to be united in the intimate sacramental priesthood they share, be diligent in their duties and seek for holiness of life. Priests should love their Church as Christ does. This era more than ever requires that priests be modest and honest. The Youth are crucial agents of transformation that require our sincere pastoral concern. We note however the many challenges confronting the youth in their lives
    especially in the practice of the Christian faith.  We invite the young people to be courageous and proud of their faith and while investing in the life of the Church seek the truth of the gospel in
    which lies freedom.

    7.      THE STATE OF THE NATION
    We congratulate Nigerians on the peaceful 2015 General Elections. The doom that many predicted did not happen. We are indeed grateful to God and to all those who allowed God to use them for this positive
    development. The elections have come and gone. It is time now for real governance and we call on our leaders to work for the common good of all our citizens. We congratulate the Nigerian government and all the security agencies on the achievements recorded so far in the fight against the Boko Haram insurgency. The refugees and internally displaced persons are gradually returning to their homes. As we pledge our willingness to collaborate with the government on the modalities of their movement and resettlement, we enjoin the government and other humanitarian agencies to start putting in place practical measures necessary for immediate rehabilitation, reconstruction and the
    reconciliation of the victims and their families.

    8.      CORRUPTION AND INJUSTICE

    Since it came into existence, this Conference of Bishops has constantly condemned corruption, violence and injustice and has consistently urged all Nigerians, especially those who hold public offices, to embrace a life of transparency and service. For many years, the Catholic Church has offered public prayers against bribery and corruption in Nigeria. It is therefore a welcome development that the present government has made the fight against corruption and insurgency central to its programme. We affirm that the war against corruption is not just a battle for virtue and righteousness in our land but a fight for the soul and substance of our nation. This is a collective responsibility that requires our collective efforts. All
    Nigerians should be part of this struggle, which ought to be carried out at all levels, in order that we may recover our wasted opportunities. To guarantee sustainable success in fighting corruption, Nigerians must transcend ethnic, religious and regional affiliations and sentiments. Those who are genuinely identified to
    have either stolen or recklessly used the national wealth must be compelled to make comprehensive restitution. In this process, we strongly urge all to eschew personal interest, political vendetta, and
    bitterness. Those with the mandate to facilitate this process should be guided by a true sense of justice and act in accordance with the rule of law.

    9.      THE ECONOMY

    At the moment, the Nigerian economy is in distress. More and more Nigerians are now struggling or are unable to provide the basic needs for their families. Unemployment is growing beyond control, leaving
    many of our citizens, especially the younger ones, to migrate, both locally and to other countries. This exposes them to inhuman conditions, including different forms of immorality and criminality.
    In many cases, young promising lives are wasted on our streets, in the deserts of some African countries and on the shores of Europe. We therefore appreciate the desire of the government to re-invest in the
    agricultural sector and to seek other alternatives to oil and gas, which have fared very badly in the recent past. We encourage the federal and state governments, the private sector and individual
    Nigerians to intensify their efforts in exploring the means of diversifying the sources of national income, while initiating genuine policies that would protect the citizens, create wealth and absorb our
    teeming unemployed youth.

    There is a serious outcry today against the high cost of governance in Nigeria. There are instances of enormous sums of money paid as allowances to public office holders (in addition to their already high
    basic salaries) and of legislators passing bills in view of future pension benefits for themselves and members of the executive arm of government. It is regrettable that this is happening in a nation where
    a large percentage of the population is living in dehumanizing poverty, where so many workers are not paid the recommended basic salary, and where massive decay of infrastructure has put much stress
    on the citizens and their lives in great danger. This situation is unjustifiable. It also represents a gross injustice against the poor.

We therefore commend the initiative of some States in cutting the cost of governance and call on the Federal and other State governments to do the same.

10.  CALL TO PRAYER AND CONCLUSION

As Christians we rely on God to make our efforts towards the emergence of a new Nigeria bear the desired fruit. At very difficult moments of our history, we, the Catholic Bishops of Nigeria, have called on all to pray. In many respects, it can be said that our Nation is today at the crossroads. Although the general elections were peaceful, our problems are far from over. We therefore feel the need to renew our
call to prayer. In addition to the prayers already being said for the Nation, we ask individuals, families and Parishes to intensify their prayer for a period of six months, beginning from the month of October
and according to the following programme:

a)      Family Rosary – Every Saturday evening;

b)      Rosary and one hour Eucharistic Adoration in Parishes – Last
Sunday of the month (between 3.00 pm and 6.00 pm).

The Family Rosary and the Eucharistic Adoration should always end with either the Prayer against Bribery and Corruption or the Prayer for Nigeria in Distress. This six-month prayer programme is expected to end on 4 April 2016, the Solemnity of the Annunciation of the Lord.
We, the Catholic Bishops of Nigeria re-echo in our hearts the very first words of Jesus as he began his public ministry: “Repent for the kingdom of God is near” (Mathew 3:2). We therefore invite all Christian faithful and citizens of this country to a true conversion of heart (Deut. 2:16-17; Micah 3).

May our Blessed Virgin Mary, Mother of Mercy continue to intercede for us to attain true conversion of heart and thus continue to grow in wisdom and insight which come from Christ Jesus the Lord.

Most Rev. Ignatius Ayau KAIGAMA
Archbishop of Jos, President, CBCN

Most Rev. William AVENYA
Bishop, Catholic Diocese of Gboko, Secretary, CBCN

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[Friday Sermon] Orphans, Widows, Refugees And Migrants Are Crying For Help By Imam Murtada Gusau

In the Name of Allah, the Most Beneficent, the Most Merciful

All praise is due to Allah, we praise Him, seek His aid and His Forgiveness. We seek refuge in Allah from the evils of our souls and the evils of our actions. Whomsoever Allah guides there is none to misguide and whomsoever Allah misguides there is none to guide. I bear witness that there is none Worthy of Worship except Allah, alone, without any partners and I bear witness that Muhammad (SAW) is His servant and Messenger.  To Proceed:

“O you who have believe! Fear Allah as He should be feared and die not except as good Muslims.” (Al-Imraan, 3:102)

“O mankind! Be dutiful to your Lord, Who created you from a single person (Adam), and from him (Adam) He created his wife [Hawwa (Eve)], and from them both He created many men and women and fear Allah through Whom you demand your mutual (rights), and (do not cut the relations of) the Wombs (kingship). Surely, Allah is Ever an All-Watcher over you.” (An-Nisaa’, 4:1)

“O you who have believe! Keep your duty to Allah and fear Him, and speak (always) the truth, He will direct you to do righteous good deeds and will forgive you your sins. And whosoever obeys Allah and His Messenger he has indeed achieved a great achievement (i.e. he will be saved from the Hell-fire and made to enter paradise).” (Al-Ahzaab, 33:70-71)

To proceed:

The truest speech is the Book of Allah, and the best way is the way of Muhammad (SAW). The worst of affairs are the newly invented matters (in religion), every newly invented matter (in religion) is an innovation, every innovation is misguidance, and every misguidance is in the Fire. To Proceed:

My Dear Brothers and Sisters,

I am sure many of you would have seen the picture fortnight ago of a drowned Syrian toddler Aylan Kurdi. Newspapers around the world and social media have shown the same picture, of a three-year-old boy, Aylan, who fled with his family from the Syrian civil war, whose dead body was washed up on a beach in Turkey.

We’re getting so used to being shocked and horrified by images in the media, but this picture was something else. This picture tells us so much about what’s wrong with the world, and more importantly, it tells what’s wrong with ourselves.

This picture sums up the human story, the human tragedy behind the headlines. Millions of lives have been affected by today’s man-made disasters, from the Rohingya people in Burma to northeast in Nigeria to Afghanistan, Iraq, Yemen, Somalia, Eritrea and Syria. Innocent people have been murdered, bombed, burnt out of their homes and driven from their neighbourhoods in some people’s mad rush for power. The image of this little boy’s body on the beach sums up our human failure to live and let others also live. It sums up our collective failure to treat other people as our equals, as fellow human beings with dignity and respect. It sums up our failure to show compassion to the most desperate people on earth. Allah will certainly hold every one of us to account.

My Dear Brothers and Sisters,

We only have a few minutes for Friday Sermons. We don’t have time for details, and it’s beyond our scope to point fingers of blame, and to consider whys and wherefores. Things aren’t that simple. The reasons are complex. This isn’t just about wars of wealthy nations for the resources of poor nations. It’s also about our leaders’ corruption, greed and incompetence. In so many countries, leaders are oppressing their people. But it’s not only at the high levels of government. In so many communities and in so many homes, we are unjust towards our husbands and wives, our parents and our children. We often complain about others out there, but many of us are no different. Many of our problems are home made. The Noble Quran has a stern warning for us in Surah Al-Ra’d, 13:11,

“Allah will not change the condition of a people until they change what is within themselves.”

Dear Brothers and Sisters,

The mess that we see out there is only a visible expression of the mess inside our own lives and inside our own hearts. If we Muslims were anything like our noble Prophets and their companions, the Muslim world would not be in such a wretched state today. We need to cleanse and purify ourselves inwardly first, in our hearts, our desires, our longings and our attachment to this worldly life. Only when we allow ourselves to be guided by the Nur, the light of Allah, and not by our own selfish egos, only then will things get better for us.

The UNHCR (United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees) reports that there are now over 50 million refugees worldwide. Half of them are children, and the main victims in this real life drama are always the orphans. When their parents are either killed or maimed or in prison, the poor orphans are left without financial and emotional support to sustain them.

What does our Noble Quran and our Prophetic Sunnah teaches us about orphans? There are numerous references in the Quran and the Hadith. We have time only for a few. One of my favourite verses is Ayatul Birr, the verse in Surah Al-Baqara (Verse 177) that describes the truly righteous, virtuous persons:

“It is not righteous (or virtuous) that you simply turn your faces towards East or West; but it is righteous/virtuous to believe in Allah and the Last Day, and the Angels, and the Book, and the Messengers; to spend of your wealth, out of love for Him, for your family, for orphans, (repeat: “for the orphans”) for the needy, for the wayfarer, for those who ask, and for the freedom of slaves; to be steadfast in prayer, and to practice regular charity, to fulfill the promises, (the contracts) which you have made; and to be firm and patient, in pain (or suffering) and adversity, and throughout all periods of panic. These are the people of truth, the muttaqeen, those who are cautiously aware of Allah.”

If we want Allah’s blessings and if we want to draw nearer to Allah, if we want Allah to love us, then we must do what pleases Allah. We must help orphans. We must personally take care of them, or at least pay something towards their care.

As we all know, Prophet Muhammad (SAW) was himself an orphan, whose father died before he was born and whose mother died when he was still very young…

Surely Allah’s wisdom decreed that our beloved Prophet should be an orphan, so that his example would be a source of comfort and inspiration to million of orphans throughout history. Every orphan should know that our beloved Prophet was just like them, feeling their pain, feeling their loneliness and vulnerability.

The Hadith tells us of the high status given to those who care for the orphan. Imam Al-Bukhari narrated that Prophet Muhammad (SAW) said:

“I and the custodian of an orphan are like this (together) in Paradise.” And he joined his forefinger and middle finger together.”

Ibn Majah also narrated on the authority of Abu Hurairah that Prophet Muhammad (SAW) said:

“The best Muslim house is a house in which an orphan is well treated; and the worst Muslim house is a house in which an orphan is badly treated.”

The above Prophetic Hadiths show clearly that if someone takes good care of an orphan, he is sure to enter paradise.

In another authentic Hadith, Abu Hurairah narrated that Prophet Muhammad, (SAW) said:

“He who looks after a widow and a needy person is like a fighter for the cause of Allah.”  He also said:

“Like someone who stands up the night in prayer for worship and someone who is always fasting.” (Al-Bukhari)

Dear Brother and Sisters,

Wallahi, caring for orphans and helping others to care for them is a guaranteed way to win Allah’s good pleasure and enter into paradise. We are facing one of the greatest mass movements of refugees in 70 years since the Second World War. And most of these refugees are Muslims and many are children. It’s time we opened up our hearts, and our homes, to take responsibility for some of them. They desperately need help. Many non-Muslims have already responded with compassion and generosity. We should be amongst the foremost to do so. Food and medicines as well as blankets, tents and winter clothing are being collected in many areas. Some people are freeing up spare rooms to offer to refugees.

Let’s all do what we can, let’s check what’s being done in our local areas and let’s give this very noble-caused the full-hearted support it deserves.

My Respected people,

Our noble Prophet praised the widows whose husbands die and who refuse to remarry, so that they can raise their children without risking bad treatment from a stepfather. Allah alone knows the hardship such widows must endure.

Imagine my dear sisters and brothers, how precious the orphan is in Allah’s eyes. Allah guarantees paradise to the one who care for the orphans. Allah guarantees paradise to the widows who refuse to remarry, fearing that her next husband may not be good for her children. Such women were praised by Prophet Muhammad (SAW). Auf Bin Malik Al-Ashja’i narrated that Prophet Muhammad (SAW) said:

“I and a woman with dark brown cheeks will be like these (i.e. together) on the Day of Judgement (and he joined his forefinger and middle finger together); this is a widow, although beautiful and noble, who devoted herself to her orphans after her husband’s death, until they became strong enough or died,”

The scholars of Hadith tells us that, “a woman with dark brown  cheeks” means a widow who refused to re-marry, and she became pale with hard work and sorrow, and her cheeks became dark brown.

These Hadiths clearly tell us how much Allah loves those who care for the orphans. They raise their children with love. They trust in Allah (tawakkul) and cultivate healthy Iman (faith) in their children’s hearts.

Dear Sisters and Brothers,

You and I could be like this (show index/middle finger together), side by side with our beloved Prophet Muhammad (SAW) in Al-Jannah Firdaws, if we take care of the orphans, near and far.

On the other hand, those who neglect orphans or who treat them harshly, can risk incurring Allah’s displeasure. We read in Surah Al-Maa’uun:

“Have you seen the one who denies the judgment day? That is the one who drives away the orphans.”

My dear Sisters and Brothers,

Let us not, by our carelessness and lack of compassion, fall into this category. Never neglect the suffering of orphans. Thousands, no, millions of orphans are waiting out there, to be loved, to be cared for, to be fed, clothed and educated. They could be your own children! They could be your or my grandchildren! But for the grace and mercy of Allah, that could happen to anyone! We have no guarantees that we will always have comfort, security and wealth! We cannot and we should not be indifferent to the plight of orphans anywhere in the world. Let’s do what we can to help!

In Nigeria alone, over two million Nigerians have been displaced. Sixty thousand children are being born in displaced persons camps this year alone. They are desperately in need of our help. God bless you as you assist them.

Let us send a loud and clear message to orphans everywhere, that they are not alone. Let them know that we do care. We ask Allah to bless our efforts and to infuse it with His barakah, so that the benefits of our work can be magnified many times over. Ameen!

We appreciate the efforts of some individuals, NGO’s, Government agencies and many organizations in their struggles to assist the orphans, widows, refugees, disabled persons, and migrants. Like NEMA, JNI, NSCIA, SCSN, JIBWIS under the able leadership of Sheikh Abdullahi Bala Lau, Alhaji Atiku Abubakar the Turaki of Adamawa and many individuals, Muslims and Christian organizations that time will not allow me to mention. May God pay them back and reward them abundantly.

My Respected Brothers and Sisters,

It is our negligence that makes the French satirical magazine Charlie Hebdo to make a mockery on us and publish a cartoon about the death of drowned Syrian toddler Aylan Kurdi on the cover of its latest issue. The magazine used two cartoons both including drawings of Aylan’s death. In one of the drawings it says:

“Proof that Europe is Christian. Christians walk on water – Muslim children sink”.

Also hear what the German Chancellor Angela Markel said:

“We will tell our children that Syrian migrants fled their country to come to Europe when Mecca and Muslim lands were closer to them. The rich oil Arab countries could do a lot of help for Muslims suffering around the World if they had that spirit and consciousness!”

There’s a report from the reliable source that Muslims refugees in Berlin are converting in droves before being accepted, received and are given a shelter.

There’s also a report that the controversial far right mayor of a French town has once again caused a storm after a video emerged of him trying to evict Syrian refugees from their lodging, telling them “they are not welcome”.

Robert Menard, the mayor of Beziers in southern France, has become a house- hold name in France since being elected in May last year, thanks to his inflammatory acts.

The latest incident to provoke a storm and strong criticism from both the public and politicians saw him visiting Syrian refugees living in his town telling them “you are not welcome in this town”.

Even here in Nigeria there are reports that a pastor in Benin, Edo state gathered some children from North East, among them are Muslim orphans and converted them to Christianity.

Now the question is, what are the meaning of all these? Are our Muslim leaders not aware of these? Wallahi we are all going to be held responsible by our actions or inactions.

Inna Lillahi Wa inna ilayhi Raaji’uun!

I commiserate with world Islamic community over deadly crane collapse at the Grand Mosque in Makkah Saudi Arabia that caused the death of 111 people including 6 Nigerians. May Allah grant Jannah (Paradise) to all the victims and bring quick recovery to the injured ones. May Allah accept the efforts of His noble, martyred guests.  Indeed their prayers, their sacrifice, their living and dying were all for Him, the Most High. And we appreciate the efforts of King Salman in all what he did concerning the tragedy, May Allah reward him with Jannah.

I also commiserates with Abu Naima primary and secondary school in Jos, Plateau state and the parents of 10 pupils who lost their lives on Sunday‘s building collapse. May Allah grant Jannah to the death ones and cure the injured ones. I appeal to all teacher and parents to take consolation in God.

In conclusion, I must send powerful salutations and thanks to all those who pray, participate physically on how Shaykh Adam Idoko will be release by his abductors.  We thanked the security agencies, NSCIA under the leadership of Sultan. We thanked Professor Ishaq Oloyede, the Secretary General NSCIA. We thanked JNI also under the able leadership of Sultan. We thanked Dr. Khalid Abubakar Aliyu, the Secretary General JNI. We thanked SCSN under the leadership of Dr. Ibrahim Datti Ahmad and its Secretary General, Malam Nafi’u Baba Ahmad. And many more who contribute in any way. May Allah reward them with Jannah ameen.

Brothers and Sisters, to conclude our Sermon:

“Surely Allah commands justice, good deeds and generosity to others and to relatives; and He forbids all shameful deeds, and injustice and rebellion; He instructs you, so that you may be reminded.” “And remember Me; I will remember you. Be grateful to Me, and do not reject faith.” “And without doubt, Remembrance of Allah is the Greatest Thing in life, and Allah knows the deeds that you do.”

I ask Allah to grant us success to worship Him sincerely, and obey Him as He deserves – I ask Him to forgive us and show us His Mercy and enter us in to the eternal Gardens of Paradise and protect us from His Punishment. And all praise is due to Allah, the Lord of the worlds.

 

This Khutbah (Friday Sermon) was prepared for delivery today, Jumu’ah Thul-Hijjah 4, 1436 A.H (September18, 2015), by Imam Murtada Muhammad Gusau, the Chief Imam of Nagazi-Uvete Jumu’at Mosque, Okene, Kogi State Nigeria. He can be reached via: 08038289761 (+2348038289761)

 

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