The Atrocities Against The Innocent Muslims In New Zealand! By Imam Murtadha Gusau

In the Name of Allah, the Beneficent, the Merciful
All praise is for Allah. We praise Him, we seek His aid and we ask for His forgiveness. We seek Allah’s refuge from the evils of ourselves and from our evil actions. Whosoever Allah guides, there is no one who can misguide him; and whosoever Allah misguides, there is no one who can guide him.
I testify that none has the right to be worshipped except Allah, alone, who has no partner; and I testify that Muhammad (Peace be upon him) is His servant and Messenger.
Dear brothers and sisters! Christian Terrorist who has been identified as 29-year-old Australian citizen, Brenton Harrison Tarrant, attacks two Mosques and massacred forty nine innocent Muslims as they were performing Jumu’ah Prayer at New Zealand Mosque in the city Of Christchurch. Innocent Muslims died and many seriously injured in a shootout inside the Mosque with machine guns.
The criminal killed innocent people but hypocrite world’s media is calling him just a shooter not terrorist because he is not a Muslim.
Terrorist label is only for Muslims, shame on you…!!!
Dear brothers and sisters! What happened of anti-Muslim terrorist attack was driven by bigotry and hatred. I add my voice — along with all other decent people throughout the world — to the friends and families of the fallen and injured heroes. The world mourns with you and prays for you.   As for the killers, I believe real justice will come and be eternal.
“So do not become weak (against your enemy), nor be sad, and you will be superior (in victory) if you are indeed (true) believers.” [Ali Imran, 3:139]
Respected brothers and sisters! I condemned the terrorist attacks in which our innocent Muslim brothers and sisters were targeted. What took place constituted a crime and an act of cowardice, corruption, hostility, terrorism, and oppression.
My people! Know that, these terrorist acts will only serve to strengthen our unity and steadfastness. In Shaa Allah the bullets of terrorism will fall when they hit the rock-solid mountain of the unity that exists among our leaders and general public. 
I prayed for Allah to grant the deceased His mercy and forgiveness, and to be pleased with them. I prayed for the quick recovery and wellbeing of the injured, I also extended my condolences to the families of the deceased. I prayed that the families be granted steadfastness, and that they be guided to seek Allah’s reward by persevering through this difficult time. I also prayed that Allah protect our country, as well as all lands of Muslims, from the hostility of opponents and the terrorism of the malicious who lie in wait for an opportunity to attack. I also implored Allah to grant continued safety, security, stability, and tranquility to Nigeria, as well as all lands of Muslims, Allah is the One who hears all prayers and responds.
And we Muslims harshly criticised the use of “Islamic terror” in world’s media, this is a double standard between Islam and other faiths. Only if the perpetrator is a Muslim, he is characterised by his religion.
My name is Muslim,
Buddhist kills me in Burma,
Christian kills me in Afghanistan,
Hindu kills me in Kashmir,
Jews kills me in Palestine,
Everyone kills me Everywhere,
Still they call me Terrorist.
May Allah grant the deceased Highest Rank in Jannatul Firdaws and exposes all those behind the attack. Ya Allah! We ask You to protect the Muslims all over the world and punish the perpetrators of this evil act, Ameen.
“And do not say about those who are killed in the way of Allah, “They are dead.” Rather, they are alive, but you perceive (it) not.” [Al-Qur’an]
* The Gun That The Terrorist Used In The New Zealand Christchurch Mosque Attack!
Dear brothers and sisters! This is the gun that the Terrorist used to kill and murder the Muslims in the two Mosques in Christchurch, New Zealand. This weapon has been covered with extremist Christian bigotry, and many dates and names from the pages of history (many of these figures mentioned have always been revered in the Christian Extremist ideology for ages) has been written all over the weapon.
Now, what does these writings actually mean? Let’s go through one by one. Here is the meaning behind some of the writings on the gun used by the terrorist, Brenton Tarrant in the New Zealand Mosque terror attack:
1. Charles Martel
Charles Martel was the King of Francia (Modern day France), he is known in European history for one specific thing, he was the one who stopped the Islamic Caliphates advance into Western Europe in the battle of Tours in 732 CE. For this reason, he is revered and placed into a divine status in Christian extremist teachings.
2. Tours 732
The Battle of Tours in 732 CE, was perhaps the most defining battle in the history of Europe. The Muslim forces of the Umayyad Caliphate completely crushed the Christian Kingdoms of Spain and conquered all of Spain, and advanced unopposed towards conquering Western Europe. If we compare the balance of power during that time, the Umayyad Caliphate was the worlds sole superpower, and militarily and technologically far more advanced than the Christian Kingdoms of Europe. The only Kingdom that was some what capable to put up a resistance to the mighty Caliphate in all of Europe was the Kingdom of Francia (France).
The battle initially went very well for the Muslims, the Caliphate was nearly victorious, but the soldiers in the Caliphate army got greedy seeing the war booty and wealth lying in the battlefield and disobeyed commander Abdul-Rahman Al-Ghafiqis orders and broke ranks to collect the wealth. Seeing this, the Christian forces rallied, and charged the Muslims, most of the Muslims were unarmed as they put down their weapons in order to secure as many wealth as they could. Shocked, the Caliphate soldiers fled the battle and brave Abdul-Rahman Al-Ghafiqi alone in a last effort, led a valiant charge against the Franks and embraced martyrdom.
Most historians predict that if the Muslims had won the battle of Tours, the Muslims would have conquered all of Western Europe.
3. Vienna 1683
The battle of Vienna in 1683 CE was the last offensive Jihad led by an Islamic Caliphate in history. The Ottoman Caliphate in the 16th century was the superpower of the world, it’s army was huge and its military was unmatched. Since the foundation of the Ottoman Caliphate, it was conquering Europe with ease, the Pope initiated many Crusades and created many Christian coalitions to stop the Ottoman advance, but even with all of Europe united, they were still unable to stop the rising threat of the Ottomans.
in 1683 CE, the Ottoman army besieged the city of Vienna, at that time the city was known as the ‘heart of Europe’, the Ottomans had a gigantic army of 300,000. but in the end due to the Ottoman Commander Kara Mustapha’s arrogance and disobedience to the Sultan’s orders, the Ottomans lost the battle, and Kara Mustapha was executed by the Sultan’s orders. The defeat in Vienna in 1683 was catastrophic for the Muslim world, this began the slow decline of the Islamic Ummah and since there was no offensive war or Islamic expansion, technological innovations and thinking from the Muslim world started to fall apart as well.
1683 CE is the year where the Islamic Ummah lost the superpower status of the world.
4. Calivijo 844
According to the sources of the Spanish Church, Battle of Calivijo was a great ‘victory’ for the Christians over the Muslims. but however, most of the modern European historians have declared that no such battle took place and it was a myth made up by the Church of Spain to boost the hatred towards the Muslims. There is no historical evidence of it.
The most hilarious part is that according to the sources of the Spanish Church, the apostle James, son of Zebedee, a companion of Jesus who died 800 years earlier, suddenly ‘appeared’ and led the Christian army to gain its victory.
5. Odo the great
Odo the ‘Great’ was the ruler of the Frankish state of Aquitaine in France in the 700s, he was known in the European world as the first Christian king to defeat the Umayyad Caliphate in battle in 721 CE. As a result he earned the nickname ‘the great.’ However in 732 CE, he was humiliatingly defeated by Abdul-Rahman Al-Ghafiqi in the Battle of the River Garonne.
Ironically, his fellow Christian rulers like Charles Martel later waged war and destroyed his Kingdom. So called ‘Christian brotherhood.’
6. Alexandre Bissonnette
Alexandre Bissonnette is the name of the Christian terrorist who carried out the Quebec City Mosque shooting in Canada in January 29, 2017.
7. Skanderbeg
Skanderbeg (1405-1468) was an Albanian nobleman who initially served the Ottoman Empire initially but later betrayed them and led a rebellion against the Ottoman Sultanate.
He was so ruthless in his war against the Ottomans, since he lacked the military capability to take on the mighty Ottoman forces, he resorted to guerrilla warfare, and caused much headache to the Ottoman province of Albania. He was so cruel to the Muslims, it is said that he used to torture even little Muslim kids in front of their naked mothers.
For his early successes, Sultan Mehmed II crushed his rebellion later on. He was so ruthless and blood thirsty that even the Christian nobles who joined his rebellion later requested Sultan Mehmed II to get rid of his tyranny. His rebellion failed to stop the Ottoman advance.
8. Anton Lundin Pettersson
Anton Lundin Pettersson is the Christian terrorist who carried out the Trollhättan school attack in Sweden on 22 October 2015. He was a 21 year old who was radicalised by extremist Christian teachings, who later went on killing children in a school where majority were Muslims.
9. Marco Antonio Bragadin
Marco Antonio Bragadin (21 April 1523–17 August 1571) was a military officer in the Republic of Venice. In 1569 he was elected as Captain of the Kingdom of Cyprus and moved to Famagusta, from there he attacked Muslim ships and Hajj ships which were carrying Muslim pilgrims to Makkah and Madinah. The captured Muslims prisoners were tortured and were mercilessly executed.
on September 17, 1570, the Ottoman Navy besieged the city, unable to overcome superior Ottoman tactics and technology, the city crumbled and fell. He was later executed by the Ottomans for the crimes he committed towards the Muslims.
10. Kebab
The modern terminology of ‘Kebab’ is a derogatory term for Muslims. It was used during the Ottoman times by the Christian states to refer to the Ottomans since the Ottomans invented Kebab.
11. For Berlin, For Madrid
Reference to the attacks carried out by ISIS in the city of Berlin and Madrid.
As evident by the writings of his gun, the attack was a religiously motivated massacre, it was an act of Christian extremism, It was an act of terror driven by religious fanaticism.
Dear brothers and sisters! Please let’s continue praying for those martyrs innocent Muslims killed in the New Zealand Mosque attacks. 
May Allah grant them, the highest level of Jannatul Firdaws. May Allah give them the companionship of our beloved Prophet Muhammad (Peace be upon him) – May Allah grant the whole Muslims community in New Zealand the Patience and the capacity to bear this tragedy, ameen.
Please, let the world be a peaceful place to live in not a place for destruction and fear!!!
Wassalamu Alaikum wa rahmatullah wa bara ka tuhu
Your brother,
Imam Murtadha Muhammad Gusau, sent this piece from Okene, Kogi State, Nigeria. He can be reached via: or +2348038289761.

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Pope Francis Appoints Kigama Archbishop of Abuja

A new Archbishop of Abuja has been appointed by the Catholic Pontiff, Pope Francis, the First.

The Sixty-year-old new Archbishop, Monsignor Ignatius Kigama is currently the Archbishop of Jos.

This was made known during the Catholic Bishop’s conference of Nigeria, holding in Abuja.

Monsignor Kaigama takes over the pastoral governance of the Arch Diocese of Abuja from Cardina John Onaiyekan who clocked 75 years in January this year.

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Friday Sermon: O As-Salam, The Source And Provider Of Peace, Bless Us With Permanent Peace! By Imam Murtadha Gusau

In the Name of Allah, The Most Gracious, The Most Merciful
Indeed, all praise is due to Allah, we praise Him, we seek His aid, and we ask for His forgiveness. We seek refuge in Allah from the evil of our actions and from the evil consequences of our actions. Whoever Allah guides, there is none to misguide, and whoever Allah misguides there is none to guide. I bear witness that there is no god worthy of worship except Allah, and I bear witness that Muhammad is the servant and Messenger of Allah.
To proceed:
Dear brothers and sisters! My State, Zamfara, in the last seven days is reeling helplessly, practically soaked in its own blood. Over 100 people were reportedly slaughtered with as much number abducted. 
The armed bandits, thieves and terrorists raped women, razed down houses, vehicles and everything in their way. 
People always lost their earnings. They are always in desperation looking for resources to meet up required ransom payments within stipulated deadline. 
Residents in the state who are familiar with the scale of ransom demands say that each of the captives will attract no less than one million Naira. Some with links to politically exposed individuals or families attract between ten million to twenty million Naira. Only the captives considered bare and under the poverty line are usually let off with five hundred thousands naira token. 
My people! The attacks in Zamfara State are too many, too frequent for any reporter to keep pace with. The people in Zamfara State seem to have given up all hope of seeing any end to the bloodletting in the state. The villagers have become vulnerable to their political leaders as they are to the terrorists that kill, maim and abduct them, at will. 
Many of the victims that voted in the last elections are too poor and distressed to even ask those they voted for questions, many just want handouts to survive the day. Several irresponsible politicians took advantage of this desperate situation. 
O As-Salam, reveal your Mercy, Peace and Security to the people of Zamfara state and Nigeria, ameen.
Dear brothers and sisters! As-Salam (Peace) is one of Allah’s names. Allah the Almighty says: 
“He is Allah, besides whom there is no god, the King, the Noble One, Peace, the Giver of Security…” [Qur’an, 59:23]
Allah is the bringer of peace who spreads peace throughout creation. Since life was first created, it has been predominated by long stretches of peacefulness, security, tranquility, and contentment. Allah is Peace and from Him emanates all peace. It is as the Prophet, may the mercy and blessings of Allah be upon him, said: 
“O Allah! You are Peace and from You is peace. Blessed be You, possessor of glory and honour.” [Sahih Muslim]
It is astonishing that some people who invoke Allah by this Noble name live their lives in contention and hostility towards the world. Every aspect of their lives is full of strife, from within themselves, to their outward behaviour, in their thinking, and with their families. How can such a person find peace with the Lord?
My respected people! The name As-Salam also connotes “soundness”, the idea of being free from blemish. It conveys the meaning that Allah is free from every shortcoming and deficiency; like fatigue, sleep, sickness, or death. Allah’s existence is one of absolute perfection. Allah the Most High says: 
“Allah, there is no god but He, the living and self-subsisting. Neither slumber nor sleep overtake him.” [Qur’an, 59:255]
Allah is free from anything that would contradict with his absolute self-sufficiency. Nothing can fatigue Him or elude Him. Nothing is beyond His reach.
The People of the Scripture (Ahlul-Kitab) attribute such a deficiency to Him when they claim that He rested on the seventh day, after creating the heavens and the Earth. This is why Allah the Almighty says: 
“Indeed We created the heavens and Earth and everything between them in six days, and We were not touched by any fatigue.” [Qur’an 50:38]
“If Allah wills anything to happen, He just says “Be!” and it is.” [Qur’an, 36:28]
This same connotation of the name As-Salam applies to Allah’s knowledge. Allah is free from ignorance, doubt, and indecision. Nothing is hidden from His knowledge. His knowledge is not acquired through learning. It is absolute, complete, and wholly accurate, comprehending everything in the past, present, and future without exception.
“Do you not see that Allah knows all that is in the heavens and on Earth? There is not a secret consultation between three, but He makes the fourth among them, – nor between five but He makes the sixth,- nor between fewer nor more, but He is in their midst, wheresoever they be.” [Qur’an, 58:7]
“It is the same (to Him) whether any of you conceals his speech or declares it openly; whether he lurks by night or walks forth freely by day.” [Qur’an, 13:10]
Likewise, His speech is free from all falsehood and injustice. Allah the Most High says: 
“Perfected is the Word of your Lord in truth and justice.” [Qur’an, 6:115]
His pronouncements are true and His decrees are just. His Law and every expression of His will are perfect. Allah’s Law is full of wisdom and knowledge, as is the Qur’an which He revealed to His Prophet (Peace be upon him). The Qur’an is rich in meaning, multilayered, guiding humanity in every way to what assures their welfare in this world and the next. It is unfortunate that so many people who read the Qur’an are content to neglect this richness and blindly follow traditions and rote knowledge. They have become incapable of creative thinking and renewal, and as a consequence wallow in the backwardness, ignorance, poverty and cultural decline that we witness today.
Allah is free from having any contender, rival, or partner in His dominion. He alone holds sovereignty over Creation, both in this world and the next.
His decree and His command are free from tyranny and injustice. Prophet Muhammad (Peace be upon him) relates to us that Allah the Almighty says:
“O my servants! I have forbidden Myself to act unjustly and have made it forbidden for you among yourselves, so do not oppress one another.” [Sahih Muslim]
From the perfection of Allah’s justice, He forbids Himself to ever act unjustly and makes it forbidden for us to oppress one another. He the Almighty says:
“And your Lord is not in the least unjust to His servants.” [Qur’an, 41:46]
Allah commands us to cultivate this quality within ourselves and never act unjustly towards one another. By acting justly, we are engaged in an act of devotion to our Lord, since Allah is not only just, but He loves justice and those who act justly. In the same way, He is All-Knowing, and He loves knowledge and those who possess knowledge. He is beautiful. He loves beauty and those who cultivate beauty within themselves. He is generous, and He loves generosity and charitable people. These are all among the attributes of our Lord.
This connotation of soundness, this freedom from blemish, extends to His actions: to what He gives and to what He withholds. When Allah keeps something from us, it is not due to stinginess or scarcity. Glory be to Allah above that! It is from His infinite wisdom that He withholds what He withholds from his servants. Some people are better off wealthy while others are better off poor. 
“Allah enlarges the livelihood of whom He will, and straitens (it for whom He will); and they rejoice in the life of the world, whereas the life of the world is but brief comfort as compared with the Hereafter.” [Qur’an, 13:26]
Likewise, some people benefit more by being healthy while others benefit more from experiencing illness. Allah knows what each of us needs and what is ultimately in our best interests.
All of Allah’s attributes share in this perfection, this freedom from deficiency. Allah’s attributes do not resemble to created things. He is incomparable. It is from Allah’s wisdom that we, as created beings, are subject to the limitations and shortcomings inherent to our nature and to the tribulations of living in the world. Allah on the other hand is As-Salam, the one who is free from all shortcomings.
Allah’s name As-Salam is truly great in its meaning in that it articulates the perfection that all of Allah’s names possess – that each and every one of Allah’s attributes is free from shortcomings.
When we greet each other with peace by saying: “As-Salam Alaikum”, we are invoking this name of Allah, and in doing so, we are communicating this connotation of Allah’s perfection as well as the idea of peace.
And indeed Allah has made “peace” the salutation of the believers:
“Their salutation on the Day they meet Him will be ‘Peace!’” [Qur’an, 33:44]
He has commanded us to use this salutation: 
“So when you enter houses, greet yourselves with a salutation from Allah.” [Qur’an, 24:61]
Therefore, a believer invokes peace upon himself and upon others with this salutation.
* Allah is the Bestower of Peace
Indeed, Allah greets his creatures in this world with the salutation of peace.
“Peace be upon Nuh (Noah) in all the worlds.” [Qur’an, 37:79]
“Peace be upon Ibrahim (Abraham).” [Qur’an, 37:109]
“Peace be upon Musa (Moses) and Harun (Aaron).” [Qur’an, 37:120]
“Peace be upon Iliyas (Elias).” [Qur’an, 37:130]
“Peace be upon the Messengers.” [Qur’an, 37:181]
“Say: Praise be to Allah, and peace be upon the servants He has chosen.” [Qur’an, 27:59]
“Peace be upon those who follow guidance.” [Qur’an, 20:47]
Allah’s salutation upon His servants is His decree that they will be safeguarded in this world and the next. Though they are subject to the trials and tribulations that others experience in the world, Allah bestows upon their hearts contentment and certainty of faith which transforms their difficulties into a boon and a rewarding experience. Theirs are contented hearts, at peace with whatever Allah decrees for them.
The eminent Companion Sa’ad Ibn Abi Waqqas was blessed in that his prayers were always answered. When he became blind, people would ask him: 
“Why don’t you beseech Allah to restore your sight?”
He would reply: 
“By Allah! My being content with Allah’s decree is dearer to me than what else I desire.”
Dear brothers and sisters! As-Salam is the Name of Allah Almighty, The Giver and Provider of Peace and security.
There are two meanings of the Name As-Salam:
1. The Perfection.
2. The Giver and Provider of Peace and Security.
But linguistically, Salam and Salamah mean bara’ah: immunity, to be free of something and to be unblemished. According to Ibn Al-Arabi, Salamah means Afiyah: well being, to be safe and good. We see in the Qur’an that a quality of Ibadur-Rahman (Servants of The Most Merciful) is:
“…and when the ignorant (people) address them, they reply with words of peace.” [Qur’an, 25:63]
They say “Salamah” to the ignorant, meaning they don’t want anything to do with their conversation. 
Also, Jannah (Paradise) is called Darus-Salam [Qur’an, 10:25], it is free of all grief, death, worries, tensions, fatigues, enmities, hatred, and it is a place of safety. Also when we say “Assalamu Alaikum”, it means, you are safe from me and you will not receive any shar (evil) from me.
To summarise the meanings of Salam:
1. To be peaceful, to be friendly, to be in a good state.
2. To be free from imperfections.
3. To be safe and secure.
Other words from the same root include:
1. Salim: A Qalbun salim is a heart that is sound, unblemished, in a state of Afiyah (well being).
2. Islam: State of submission.
The root of sin-lam-mim appears 170 times in the Qur’an. The Name As-Salam in the Qur’an appears once at the end of suratul Hashr (verse 23). From the Sunnah we learn the Name As-Salam is mentioned in the Du’a after Salah (Prayer) ‘Allahummah anta As-Salam, wa minka As-Salam, tabarakta ya Zal Jalali wal Ikram.’
* What does it mean that Allah is As-Salam?
Imam Ibn Kathir states: 
“As-Salam is the One who is Free from all imperfections and deficiencies, because of the Perfection of His Being, of His Attributes and His Actions. He is So Perfect, He does not have any imperfections. For example, He is Living and is free from the imperfection of death. His Knowledge is free from the imperfection of forgetfulness. His Attributes are free from the imperfection of being similar to any creation. His Actions are perfect, whatever He does there is Hikmah (wisdom) behind it.”
So to summarise the statement of Imam Ibn Kathir: As-Salam is the One who is Perfect, He has no deficiencies which is why As-Salam has been translated as The Perfection.
Imam Al-Qurtubi states: 
“As-Salam is the One who is safe from all deficiencies.”
He explains as-Salam in three ways:
1. The One free from every fault, and He is absolved of every deficiency.
2. He gives Salam to His servants in Jannah (Paradise). 
We learn from the Qur’an that the dwellers of Paradise will be greeted with salam, by Allah, by the angels and by each other. In surah Yasin verse 58, Allah Ta’ala says: “People in Jannah will be told, “Salam, a statement from their Rabb, the Most Merciful.”
3. The One whose creation is free from His Zulm (injustice).
He keeps His creations safe from any injustice on His part and His creation is free from injustice from Him. What does this tell us? If Allah is As-Salam, there is no way He can be unjust. Many times we read in the Qur’an:
“Allah did not wrong them, rather they wronged themselves.”
In a Hadith Qudsi, Allah Ta’ala says:
“O My servants, I have made oppression haram upon Myself, and I have made it haram between yourselves, so do not wrong each other.” [Sahih Muslim]
So this teaches us that if we want Allah’s Protection, we cannot do Injustice (Zulm). Those who did not receive the protection of Allah, they did not receive His Salam, they committed Injustice (Zulm).
What is the lesson for us?
If you want Allah’s Peace, Security and Protection do not commit Injustice (Zulm) upon yourself, upon others and upon Allah.
What is Injustice (Zulm) upon yourself? Committing sins.
What is Injustice (Zulm) upon others? Transgressing their rights.
What is Injustice (Zulm) upon Allah? Shirk.
If we do Injustice (Zulm), we do not deserve Salam (Peace) from Allah Ta’ala.”
* Is there a connection between the words: Salam, Muslim, Islam?
Yes, there is a connection between these words. Who is Allah’s Salam (Peace) towards? The one who does not do Injustice (Zulm) upon Him, themselves and others. Also, Allah gives His Salam (Peace) to the people who get to Jannah, the people who are Allah’s Chosen servants. Allah Ta’ala says in Suratun Naml verse 59: 
“Say Alhamdulillah, and there is Salam (Peace) upon Allah’s servants, those whom He has chosen.” 
‘Istafa’ means to be chosen based on purity; so when you are pure and have purified yourself, and made yourself Salim for Allah, you receive Allah’s Salam (Peace). This shows us we need to work on ourselves, clean ourselves and be khalis (pure/sincere) for the sake of Allah. If we submit-we do Islam, and then we get Allah’s Salam (Peace). If we do not submit, we do not get His protection and security. When the Prophet (Peace be upon him) would offer Islam to others, he would say to them: 
“Iza sallamta nafsaka lillah, salimta.”
“When you submit yourself to Allah, you will be safe.”
This shows us that when we do not submit to Allah, we will not be protected. 
Submit to Allah so that you can be secure. Those people who receive Allah’s Salam (Peace), they will be in Darus-Salam (Abode of Peace, Jannah).
Who does Allah send Salam upon?
1. “When you meet those who believe in Our signs, say salamun alaikum to them.” [Qur’an, 6:54] 
When you sincerely believe, you receive Allah’s Security.
2. “Peace and security be upon the one who follows the guidance.” [Qur’an, 20:49]
Guidance is not just believing, but it is to follow the guidance and do the actions.
3. “Those will be rewarded with the highest place (in Paradise) because of their patience. Therein they shall be met with greetings and the word of peace and respect.” [Qur’an, 25:75]
The Ibadur-Rahman will receive Gurfah (highest rooms in Jannah), because of their patience and they get salam from Allah. This is why we see people who are suffering so much but they are calm and patient, because they have this serenity and peace inside that Allah has given them.
4. “Salam will be upon those people whom Allah has chosen.” [Qur’an, 29:59]
Salam upon Allah?
When we say Salam, upon the Prophet, upon the righteous people, say salam to each other, we should not say salam upon Allah. We do not say Jazakallah to Allah, Allah is the One who gives jaza’ (recompense)! We do not say Salam Alallah (Salam upon Allah), because He Himself is As-Salam!
There is a Hadith narrated by Ibn Mas’ud that the Companions used to say: ‘Assalamu Alallah’ (Salam be upon Allah) instead of ‘At-Tahiyatu lillahi’ (The Greetings are for Allah) in the tashahhud. The Prophet (Peace be upon him) told them: ‘do not say Assalamu Alallah because He is Al-Malik (The King) and He is Al-Mu’ti (The One who Gives), He is the Possessor of Salam and He gives Salam.’ He does not need security and safety, He Himself is Salam and Perfect. 
Also we learn that once Angel Jibril came to the Prophet (Peace be upon him) and said, Allah sends His Salam to Khadijah. Her reply was: ‘Innallaha Huwas Salam, indeed Allah, He is Salam, wa ala Jibril as-Salam, and upon Jibril be Salam, and upon you, O Prophet of Allah.’ She did not say, and salam upon Allah.
So we must be careful and not say Salam upon Allah.
* How to make Du’a by Allah’s Name as-Salam
1. After Salah (Prayer) we should say:
“O Allah, You are As-Salam and from You is all peace, blessed are You, O Possessor of majesty and honour.”
Why do we say this after Salah? What do you want protection, safety and security from? From the mistakes committed during the Salah. A Salah in which there is no khushu (humility), it is struck back on the person and not taken. So it is as if you are saying:
“O Allah, if my Salah was not proper, if there was anything You did not like, keep me safe from its consequence.” 
This is the benefit of following the Sunnah, you are secure from things that you do not even imagine. Who would have imagined that you would suffer consequences after praying Salah?! But the sunnah teaches us, so we say Allahummah antas salam wa minkas salam, O Allah protect me from the shortcomings of my Salah.
2. We can make Du’a by this Name when we want security, safety and peace. Sometimes we are very worried, very nervous, sad, anxious, say: 
“O Allah antas Salam (You are as Salam), give me security and protect me from this.”
You can also say:
“O Salam, give me Your Salam in the hereafter, and guide me to subul as-Salam (ways of peace).”
Also when you want your heart to be salim (sound and free from shirk), ask As-Salam, and He will give you a Salim heart (Qalbun Salim).
3. We should send salam upon each other and upon the Prophet (Peace be upon him) and upon the Prophets alaihimus salam.
In Surah Saffat, Allah mentions salam after each Prophet, ‘Salamun ala Nuh, salamun ala Ibrahim, salamun ala Ilyasin’, so when we hear or write their name, we should say alaihis salam or sallalahu alaihi wa sallam. We should write taslim for the Prophets, if Allah sends salam upon them, we should as well.
O Allah, You are Peace and from You is peace. Blessed be You, possessor of glory and honour. Have mercy on us, bless Zamfara State and Nigeria with peace and security! Ameen.
Praise be to Allah, the Lord of the Worlds, the Ever-Living, Who does not die, and Peace and Blessings be upon our Prophet Muhammad and upon all his family and Companions.
This Jumu’ah Khutbah (Friday Sermon) was prepared for delivery today Friday, Rajab 1st, 1440 AH (March 8, 2019), by Imam Murtadha Muhammad Gusau, the Chief Imam of Nagazi-Uvete Jumu’ah and the late Alhaji Abdur-Rahman Okene’s Mosques, Okene, Kogi State, Nigeria. He can be reached via: or +2348038289761.

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Women Are The Twin Halves, Partners, Helpers And Sisters Of Men By Imam Murtadha Gusau

In the Name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful
All praise is for Allah. We praise Him, we seek His aid and we ask for His forgiveness. We seek Allah’s refuge from the evils of ourselves and from our evil actions. Whosoever Allah guides, there is no one who can misguide him; and whosoever Allah misguides, there is no one who can guide him.
I testify that none has the right to be worshipped except Allah, alone, who has no partner; and I testify that Muhammad (Peace be upon him) is His servant and Messenger.
Respected brothers and sisters! Let me ask a serious question, please, what is equality between male and female?
Dear brothers and sisters! Know that women in Islam are equal to men in so many aspects as follows:
1. Equality in humanity
Women have feelings, personal status, and special characters. Allah the Almighty says:
“O mankind! Be dutiful to your Lord, Who created you from a single person (Adam).” [Surah Al-Nisa’, 1]
Here in this verse, “O mankind” means men and women.
As men feel, women feel too, as men level up to values, women also do, and as men can achieve heroism, women can too. Hence, men and women are created from one soul. Allah the Most High says:
“…and from him (Adam) He created his wife [Hawwa (Eve)], and from them both He created many men and women and fear Allah through Whom you demand your mutual (rights), and (do not cut the relations of) the wombs (kinship). Surely, Allah is Ever an All-Watcher over you.” [Surah Al-Nisa’, 1]
Women are human exactly like men, and the Prophet (Peace be upon him) said in this respect:
“Women are twin halves of men.”
And he also said:
“Every new-born child is born in a state of fitrah (innate). Then his parents make him a Jew, a Christian or a Magian, just as an animal is born intact. Do you observe any among them that are maimed (at birth)?” [Bukhari, Muslim, Tirmidhi, Nasa’i, Abu Dawud, Ahmad and Malik]
This ‘new-born’ here indicates male and female.
Therefore any inferior look at the woman as less human than man is a Jahiliyyah (pre-Islamic) consideration that is not admitted in Islam. Better yet, Islam came to fight such consideration as a form of discrimination.
2. Equality in subliming
Dear brothers and sisters! Women can be righteous exactly like men, and they can be deviated like men as well. A man can be a believer or a disbeliever, and so can woman be, man can be obedient or disobedient to Allah, and so can woman be, man can be sublime and ascend and woman can be sublime and ascend too. Allah the Almighty says:
“And by Nafs (Adam or a person or a soul, etc.), and Him Who perfected him in proportion Then He showed him what is wrong for him and what is right for him.” [Surah Ash-Shams, 7-8]
‘Nafs’ here is refers to both male and female.
“Then He showed him what is wrong for him and what is right for him.” [Surah Ash-Shams, 8]
Man and woman are created so as to know by innate nature what is wrong and what is right, and to know when they do wrong and when they do right.
This is the real Islam according to its origins and resources. It is not what Muslims do nowadays; it is rather the great principles established by the noble Prophet (Peace be upon him). Allah the Most High says:
“Indeed he succeeds who purifies his ownself (i.e. obeys and performs all that Allah ordered, by following the true Faith of Islamic Monotheism and by doing righteous good deeds). And indeed he fails who corrupts his ownself (i.e. disobeys what Allah has ordered by rejecting the true Faith of Islamic Monotheism or by following polytheism, etc. or by doing every kind of evil wicked deeds).” [Surah Ash-Shams, 9-10]
This Qur’anic verse addresses both men and women. Saving one’s life is like saving all mankind, and killing one person is like killing all mankind.
Dear brothers and sisters! Woman is equal to man as a human being, and as a person who has the ability to transcend, sublime, excel, and to be looked up to.
3. Equality in dignity and honour
One other thing, woman is equal to man in dignity and honour. In Hammurabi’s law that is taught in some law schools, if someone killed another person’s daughter, he ought to deliver his own daughter to be killed by that person… well, what is her fault? What is the fault committed by the killer’s daughter to be killed in revenge for the victim? The Prophet (Peace be upon him) was asked once:
“What is the worst sin in the sight of Allah? He said: “To join a partner with Allah Who created you.” The man said: then what? He said: “And to kill your children for fear of poverty.” He asked: then what? He said: “and to commit adultery with your neighbour’s wife.” [Agreed upon]
And Allah the Almighty says in the noble Qur’an:
“And when the female (infant) buried alive (as the pagan Arabs used to do) shall be questioned. For what sin she was killed?” [Surah Al-Takwir, 8-9]
And He the Most High says as well:
“And there is (a saving of) life for you in Al-Qisas (the Law of Equality in punishment), O men of understanding, that you may become Al-Muttaqun (the pious).” [Surah Al-Baqarah, 179]
Islamic law scholars legislated that a man is killed for killing a woman, because they both share the same dignity and honour.
Therefore, women are equal to men in humanity, transcendence, dignity, and honour. Moreover, our great Islam imposed a penalty of eighty whips and an eternal declined testimony on those who accuse the chaste women without bringing to testimony four witnesses on that act, unless they repent, but still, after repenting, the penalty should be carried out in this life, as it won’t be canceled by repentance, hence, it was mentioned in the Hadith:
“Slandering a chaste woman perishes the deeds of a year.”
4. Equality in all religious duties
Dear brothers and sisters! Woman is not only equal to man in humanity, transcendence, and honour. She is also equal to him in having the same duties in the respect of faith pillars, not to mention all the religious duties that man is assigned to by Allah. The following are some evidences from the noble Qur’an:
“Verily, the Muslim men and women, the believing men and women, the men and the women who are obedient (to Allah), the men and women who are truthful, the men and the women who are patient, the men and the women who are humble (before their Lord Allah), the men and the women who give Sadaqah (i.e. Zakah, and alms, etc.), the men and the women who observe Saum (fast), the men and the women who guard their chastity and the men and the women who remember Allah much with their hearts and tongues, Allah has prepared for them forgiveness and a great reward (i.e. Paradise).” [Surah Al-Ahzab, 35]
If the language of this Qur’anic verse didn’t mention women, it would still be addressing men and women as well (as it addresses people in general), but Allah wanted to confirm, clarify, and perish any doubt about equality between men and women in religious duties, faith pillars, and Islamic pillars. And here is another evidence:
“Whoever works righteousness, whether male or female, while he (or she) is a true believer verily, to him We will give a good life, and We shall pay them certainly a reward in proportion to the best of what they used to do (i.e. Paradise in the Hereafter).” [Surah Al-Nahl, 97]
And the third evidence is:
“So their Lord accepted of them (their supplication and answered them), “Never will I allow to be lost the work of any of you, be he male or female. You are (members) of one another.” [Surah Al-Imran, 195]
5. Women are charged with special assignments
Dear brothers and sisters! Women are independent regarding responsibility to deeds and they have some special religious duties. The Prophet (Peace be upon him) said:
“…The woman is a guardian and is responsible for her husband’s house and his offspring…” [Agreed upon]
In other words, woman is independently charged with faith pillars, Islam pillars, and religious duties, and she is held responsible for any delinquency. Allah the Almighty says:
“So whosoever does good equal to the weight of an atom (or a small ant), shall see it. And whosoever does evil equal to the weight of an atom (or a small ant), shall see it.” [Surah Al- Zalzalah, 7-8]
6. Equality in education and politeness
Women are equal to men in education and politeness, Allah the Most High says:
“O you who believe! Ward off from yourselves and your families a Fire (Hell) whose fuel is men and stones, over which are (appointed) angels stern (and) severe, who disobey not, (from executing) the Commands they receive from Allah, but do that which they are commanded.” [Surah Al-Tahrim, 6]
The word ‘family’ in this verse indicates the wife and the children whether daughters or sons. The Prophet (Peace be upon him) says:
“The best of what a father might give his child is the good manners.”
‘His child’ here means male or female, also the Prophet (Peace be upon him) said:
“Whoever looks after two girls till they attain maturity, will come with me on the Day of Resurrection like this.” ‘The Messenger of Allah (Peace be upon him) joined his two fingers illustrating this.’ [Muslim]
This is a glad tiding to all of you, whoever has two daughters whom he rears according to Islam, looks after, and be good to, is granted paradise. In another Hadith:
“There is no one who has three daughters or three sisters…”
This Hadith is critical so pay attention to, whoever has a sister under his care, and he dignifies her, honours her, and guides her to Allah’s path, will be granted paradise. A woman might be a spinster and she lives under her brother’s care, this precise Hadith is addressing this brother who is in charge for her, and he will be granted paradise if he dignifies, rears, and guides her to the right path of Allah. The Prophet (Peace be upon him) says:
“There is no one who has three daughters, or three sisters, and he treats them well, but Allah will admit him/her to Paradise.” [Tirmidhi, Al-Nasa’i, Abu Dawud, and Ibn Majah]
7. Equality in knowledge, individual duty, and collective duty
Dear brothers and sisters! Woman also equals man in seeking knowledge, individual duties, and in collective duty, and since she is charged with faith pillars, Islam pillars, and religious duties, she can’t carry out all that without knowledge, and for that reason, Allah the Almighty says:
“And say: My Lord! Increase me in knowledge.” [Surah Taha, 114]
This Qur’anic verse is recited by boys and girls, men and women, and seeking knowledge is an individual duty that is enjoined on every Muslim whether male or female. 
Dear respected brothers and sisters! The Prophet (Peace be upon him) says:
“He who has a daughter and who teaches her good manners and improves her education and then manumits and marries her, will get a double reward; and any one of the people of the Scripture who believes in his Prophet and Me, will get a double reward; and any servant who observes Allah’s right and his master’s right will get a double reward.” [Agreed upon]
Urwah Ibn Al-Zubair described his aunt Aisha (may Allah be pleased with them both) saying:
“I have never met anyone who is more knowledgeable in Fiqh (Islamic legislation), medicine, and poetry than Aisha May Allah be pleased with her.”
Lot of Hadiths were narrated by the mothers of believers (The Prophet’s wives), and there are a lot of sayings referred to them in Qur’an’s interpretation and Hadith’s jurisprudence, not to mention all the women who learned, recited and memorised the Qur’an.
8. Equality in holding on to morals
Dear brothers and sisters! Women are ordered like man to hold on to morals either in their apparent behaviour, pure intentions, or in the clean heart. Allah the Most High says:
“So whoever hopes for the Meeting with his Lord, let him work righteousness and associate none as a partner in the worship of his Lord.” [Surah Al-Kahf, 110]
This verse refers to male or female. 
Some people say: Behind every problem look for a woman, whereas Islam says: Behind every problem look for the sin, because all adversities, calamities and tribulations on earth occur as a result of deviation from Allah’s path due to ignorance which is the worst enemy of mankind.
One of the Prophet’s wives was jealous (which is a character of women) and she said: ‘It’s bad enough that Safiyyah is such and such. (Some of narrators said: she is short).’ He said:
“You have said a word which could spoil the sea water if mixed with it.” [Tirmidhi, Abu Dawud, and Ahmad]
How dignified woman is in Islam! When this wife mocked her because she is short, the Prophet (Peace be upon him) said to her:
“You have said a word which could spoil the sea water if mixed with it.”
Dear brothers and sisters! Women are in charge of their hearts in respect of faith, hypocrisy, sincerity, or duplicity, of their tongues in respect of truthfulness and lying, and of their organs in respect of obedience and committing sins. Hence, women are equal to men in the obligation towards having a pure heart and good intentions, and towards watching the tongue and the actions.
9. Equality in the six fundamentals
Dear brothers and sisters! Women are equal to men in their obligation towards maintaining the six fundamentals for which Islam has come. Islam is established on maintaining those six fundamentals, and whoever violates any of them, is punished by a certain penalty (Hadd) that is mentioned in the noble Qur’an and is detailed in the Sunnah.
Shari’ah (Islamic Law), as you know, is all about interests, mercy, and justice, and every case overpasses justice to injustice, interests to corruption, and mercy to harshness, is not part of Shari’ah even if it was justified by thousands of interpretations.
The six fundamentals are religion, soul, mind, honour, wealth, and security, and whoever violates any of them, whether male or female will be punished with a certain penalty that is mentioned in Qur’an and detailed in Sunnah. Allah the Almighty says:
“Cut off (from the wrist joint) the (right) hand of the thief, male or female, as a recompense for that which they committed, a punishment by way of example from Allah. And Allah is All-Powerful, All-Wise.” [Surah Al-Maidah, 38]
The one who drinks wine, whether male or female, should be whipped eighty times.
Whoever commits adultery will be punished by whipping or stoning, Allah the Almighty says:
“The woman and the man guilty of illegal sexual intercourse, flog each of them with a hundred stripes.” [Surah Al-Nur, 2]
And in taking somebody’s life, Allah the Most High says:
“And there is (a saving of) life for you in Al-Qisas (the Law of Equality in punishment), O men of understanding, that you may become Al-Muttaqun (the pious).” [Surah Al-Baqarah, 179]
This Qisas (the law of equality in punishment) is for men and women alike. As for security, the recompense of those who wage war against Allah and His Messenger and do mischief in the land is that they shall be killed, crucified or a hand and a foot are cut off on the opposite sides.
10. Equality in calling to Allah (Da’awah)
Dear brothers and sisters! Islam also makes men and women equal in calling to Allah. Thereby, every woman should pass her knowledge to other women, and should spread this religion, because Allah the Almighty says:
“By Al-Asr (the time). Verily! Man is in loss, Except those who believe (in Islamic Monotheism) and do righteous good deeds, and recommend one another to the truth, and recommend one another to patience.” [Surah Al-Asr]
When revelation came to the Prophet (Peace be upon him)  and he said to Khadijah:
“I fear that something may happen to me.” 
She replied:
“Never! By Allah, Allah will never disgrace you. You keep good relations with your Kith and kin, help the poor and the destitute, serve your guests generously and assist the deserving calamity-afflicted ones.”
What does that mean? It means that she was with the Prophet (Peace be upon him) in his mission.
The first Martyr in Islam was a woman, namely Sumayyah and her husband Yasir who were killed in the line of their commitment to their belief, and because they held on to this righteous religion. Hence, women also call to Allah and spread this religion in the field suitable for them and within the permissible limits.
11. Equality in inheritance
Dear brothers and sisters! Men and women are equal in inheritance, Allah the Most High says:
“There is a share for men and a share for women from what is left by parents and those nearest related, whether, the property be small or large – a legal share.” [Surah Al-Nisa’, 7]
She is equal to him in inheritance, but in regard of the Qur’anic verse that says: “the male will have twice the share of the female“, that is a totally different issue that have been In Shaa Allah elaborated in some of my previous sermons.
12. Equality in transactions (like in contract)
Men and women are equal in all kinds of transactions such as: signing a contract, buying, selling, donating, almsgiving, lending, or signing a guaranty act.
Thus, women are equal to men in a lot of things such as: signing contracts, transactions, inheritance, calling to Allah, seeking knowledge, being charged with faith pillars, Islam pillars, religious duties, obligation towards purifying the heart, having the good intentions, watching the tongue, in individual duties, in collective duties, in politeness, in education, in believing in Allah, in dignity, in creation, and she is fully equal to him in humanity.
Hence, all the texts I have mentioned from the Qur’an and Sunnah indicate that the woman is a human being in the full sense of the word, and she is completely equal to man.
* Male is not like female
Woman equals man in humanity, creation, dignity, religious duties, education, rearing, morals, responsibilities, consequences, and transactions. However, Allah the Almighty says:
“And the male is not like the female.” [Surah Al-Imran, 36]
1. Difference between man and woman is for integration
It is true that woman equals man in a lot of issues. Yet, her physical and mental structure is different from man’s, and this kind of difference doesn’t mean that she is inferior but it means integration (between the two genders). This difference between man and woman makes them repose to each other, complement each other, and it is the secret of affection and mercy which Allah created between the couples.
2. Differences are between two genders not two individuals
Dear brothers and sisters! Talking about differences between male and female or between man and woman, is a trial to tackle the differences between two genders not two individuals, because as an individual, a woman might excel a man professionally and vice versa, but now we are talking about the differences between two genders.
Sometimes you find a woman with ruthless heart and a man with flaming emotions (out of normal nature). However, there are differences between male and female in general.
3. Differences are related to biological functions
It is a fact that there are physical differences between women and men. These differences help them match the functions that each of them is charged with, and there is a profound wisdom and a great mercy in the differences and distinctive features that the Creator installed in the two genders.
4. Exceptions are meant to show the value of the usual
If that rule had exceptions, that would be (for a profound wisdom) to show the value of the usual. Usual things that have no exceptions don’t attract attention.
Following is an example from our life; cows sometimes get infected with diseases which turn them into wild animals that might attack and kill human who is obliged (in these cases) to put an end to their lives losing their valuable cost. This exceptional case reminds us of the blessing that Allah subdued these creatures to us:
“And We have subdued them unto them.” [Surah Yasin, 72]
When we see an exception in this life, we should know that it is meant to show us the value of the normal thing, and to acknowledge the blessings that Allah bestowed on His servants.
5. Physical differences
According to scientists, women have special physical features suitable for the functions they are assigned to by Allah. They have glands that don’t exist in men; these glands give them feminine characters like smooth skin, nice voice, shyness, and vulnerability.
Moreover, women in general (with a few exceptions) are shorter (by 10 centimeter) than men in all races, and the skeleton of a woman is lighter than that of a man, which makes her less able to move and go around than him. The muscles of women are weaker than those of men by about one third, but her cellular tissue is richer of vessels and sensory nerves which allow her to store fat that gives her the form of her body.
Man’s brain is heavier than that of woman by 100 grams. The ratio of man’s brain to his body is one to forty while the ratio of woman’s brain to her body is one to forty four, and her brain’s convolutions (irregular ridges on the surface of the brain) are less in number and order than men’s. Whereas the part of comprehension is smaller in women’s brain, the center of emotions is more effective than that in men. The lung’s capacity in women is less than that of men, her respiration is faster, her heart is smaller, but her pulse is faster. Allah the Almighty says:
“And among His Signs is this, that He created for you wives from among yourselves, that you may find repose in them, and He has put between you affection and mercy. Verily, in that are indeed signs for a people who reflect.” [Surah Al-Rum, 21]
This weakness and these attractive characters make men repose to women. Tackling the differences between women and men is a long topic, but I chose some of the differences to talk about which is better than leaving the topic altogether.
6. Psychological differences
Women tend to beautify themselves (putting make up and the like). There are Psychological differences between men and women as follows:
1. In emotions
Women’s emotions are stronger than men’s. Thus, they have more ability to take care of children, parents, brothers, and sisters. Their emotions can be arisen faster than men’s. This characteristic is suitable for women’s first mission which is to bring up her children and provide them with high emotions as well as with milk.
A woman came to the Prophet (Peace be upon him) and said to him:
“O Messenger of Allah, my husband took me as a wife when I was young, beautiful, and wealthy, and now that I got old, out of shape, my family are scattered, and my wealth is gone, he said to me: You are to me like my mother, and I have children from him. If I leave them they will be lost, and if I take them they will be hungry.”
2. In will
Woman’s will is weaker than man’s, as she is so demanding yet forgetful, she walks away from what she wants, she is moody, and she hesitates a lot.
Thus, she is less cohesive, less determined, and less firm than man. The question to be ask here is: What is the wisdom behind all that? These characters match her mission. Had women had the same characters as men, they would have been in disagreement which leads to divorce. All these characters in women are meant to be suitable for her mission as a wife, a mother, and an educator for her kids and for the Ummah (Nation).
A woman’s relation to her children is based on tenderness, love and passion. Because children’s minds are emotional and desire oriented. Women can’t deal with children with weak emotion and stubborn will. That’s why mothers are usually closer to their children than fathers.
3. In braveness
Men and women differ in braveness too. Women are usually less brave than men, and because of that they follow familiar ways and jobs that are in harmony with their nature, and that is because the woman is a mother, daughter, sister and a wife, and we should not forget about the role of protectiveness and maintenance that is assigned to men in the family, Allah the Most High says:
“Men are the protectors and maintainers of women, because Allah has made one of them to excel the other, and because they spend (to support them) from their means.” [Surah Al- Nisa’, 34]
Woman is less impulsive than man who is molded to be initiative, explorer, cruiser for the unknown, and creative in such aspects, and he is supported by the woman who pushes him forward as she doesn’t have his braveness.
7. Religious differences
There are religious differences between man and woman as follows:
1. Moral and cultural responsibility
Allah the Almighty assigned man to a moral responsibility for his family, Allah the Almighty says:
“O you who believe! Ward off from yourselves and your families a Fire (Hell) whose fuel is men and stones, over which are (appointed) angels stern (and) severe, who disobey not, (from executing) the Commands they receive from Allah, but do that which they are commanded.” [Surah Al-Tahrim, 6]
Dear respected brothers and sisters!
“Ward off from yourselves and your families a Fire (Hell).” [Surah Al-Tahrim, 6]
Some Qur’anic interpreters said: 
“Order them to leave sins and perform acts of worship, and by doing so you are warding off hellfire from them.”
Whereas, other interpreters said:
“The word ‘families’ includes the wife and children.”
Umar, May Allah be pleased with him, asked the Prophet (Peace be upon him) about the interpretation of this verse, so the Prophet (Peace be upon him) said:
“To prevent them from what is forbidden by Allah, and order them to do what is enjoined by Allah and by that you will be warding them off from fire.”
This is the meaning of the verse, and according to it, every believer is assigned to ward off hellfire from his family by ordering them of performing acts of worship and forbidding them from committing sins. Hence, Imam Ali, May Allah be pleased with him, said:
“Teach yourselves and your families the good and rear them.”
Some scholars concluded that man should seek knowledge in general, and should seek all the knowledge needed to rear his wife and kids in particular, how so? How to ward off hellfire from the family? What is necessary to complete the Fard (obligatory duty), is a duty itself, what completes a Wajib (mandatory), is a mandatory itself, and what completes a Sunnah is Sunnah, hence, if Allah ordered you to ward off hellfire from your family by guiding them to Allah’s path, ordering them to be obedient, and prohibiting them from sinning, that requires that you abide by all that yourself. It was said in the noble Hadith:
“Let Allah have mercy on the man who said: O my family, pray, fast, perform Zakah, take care of the wretched, the orphans, and take care of your neighbour, perhaps Allah will put you together in paradise (by doing all that).”
Allah might reunion man with his family in paradise if he ordered them and they responded, and he prohibited them and they were prohibited. Allah the Almighty says:
“Ward off from yourselves and your families a Fire (Hell).” [Surah Al-Tahrim, 6]
So parents have great responsibility in raising their children, the Prophet (Peace be upon him) said:
“Neglecting one’s own dependents is a reason enough for a man to commit a sin.” [Muslim, Abu Dawud and Ahmad]
The Hadith indicates that it isn’t enough to provide your children with food, money, and sustenance, it is more important to acquaint them with Allah’s orders and prohibitions, follow up on their religious duties, and make sure they don’t commit sins.
2. Spending
Dear brothers and sisters! Man is assigned by Allah to religious, moral, and ethical responsibilities towards his family, in addition to his responsibility to spend on them. Thus, it was said: seeking sustenance is obligatory after the religious duties. In other words, after fulfilling your religious duties, you are demanded of another duty, which is to seek sustenance and to make a living.
The Prophet (Peace be upon him) touched the hand of Ibn Mas’ud once and found it so rough because of hard work, so he raised it and said to His companions:
“Allah and his Messenger love this hand (i.e. indicating that Allah and his messenger love those who work hard.”
Spending on wife and kids and providing them with their needs of food, drink, house, and clothes, is an essential responsibility within man’s available income and is considered as an act of worship. Basically, any permissible handcraft practiced in permissible ways to sustain yourself and your family and of which you spend on the poor and serve Muslims without leaving your religious duties, is considered as an act of worship. Some scholars said: If permissible matters were accompanied with good intentions they will turn into acts of worship. Allah the Almighty says:
“Let the rich man spend according to his means, and the man whose resources are restricted, let him spend according to what Allah has given him. Allah puts no burden on any person beyond what He has given him. Allah will grant after hardship, ease.” [Surah Al-Talaq, 7]
And in another verse Allah the Most High says:
“…but the father of the child shall bear the cost of the mother’s food and clothing on a reasonable basis.” [Surah Al-Baqarah, 233]
This is the religious difference between man and woman, as Allah assigned man to religious, moral, and ethical responsibilities, and assigned him to spend on his wife and children. It is considered as an act of worship to make a living in order to spend on your family.
8. Perfection lies in the differences
Dear brothers and sisters! I want to draw your attention to an important fact. Having stronger emotions and weaker psychological and mental ability is considered perfection for women, and the opposite is also true for men.
Think of the difference between cars and trucks in respect of distributing functional areas. The car has more space for passengers while the truck has more space for goods. The area of each is perfect for the purpose it is made for.
Hence, when we say “women lack something” we don’t accuse her of imperfection. Rather, it is perfection itself. Having stronger emotions, passion, caring, and less interest in general issues, less courage, and weaker will is perfection for women. It is that difference that makes women attractive and satisfying for men.
9. Differences serve marital life
Dear brothers and sisters! It is a long issue, but highlighting a few aspects of it is better than leaving it altogether. It is true that men and women are equal in responsibility and honour, but we should not neglect the difference between men and women. This is very important as it confirms the sacred mission that women are assigned to. It is the difference that attracts man to woman to find ease, it is the difference that attunes man to woman, and it is the difference that makes each of them completes the other.
The closest things to man’s life are his job and his wife. You either have a good or a bad choice, but it is never too late to have a good wife. If you reform yourself and ask Allah to guide your wife, He will- most probably- answer you and make her a comfort for you. Moreover, Allah says that if man chooses a good wife, guides her to Allah’s path, and orders her to obey Allah and His messenger, Allah will reward him in the worldly life before the hereafter, but what is the reward? His wife and kids will be the comfort of his eyes. Allah the Almighty says:
“And those who say: “Our Lord! Bestow on us from our wives and our offspring who will be the comfort of our eyes, and make us leaders for the Muttaqun (the pious).” [Surah Al-Furqan, 74]
Dear brothers and sisters! All these words, texts, and facts are quoted from Allah’s method. Allah the Most High says:
“And none can inform you (O Muhammad) like Him Who is the All-Knower (of each and everything).” [Surah Fatir, 14]
Who has the best knowledge of marital life? Who is theOne who molded, organised, and gave every gender his/her physical, mental psychological, and social characters? Who made each gender complete the other? The answer to all these questions is: Allah the Most High.
When humanity is lost, when it goes astray, and looks for the way, they must get back to Allah’s book, to the best method, to the right path, to the Creator’s instructions, to the knowledge of the All-knower.
The particular characteristics of woman in her heart, sensation system, brain, skeleton, height, or weight, is the very reason that makes her loved to man who reposes to her. I would like to mention three Qur’anic verses here:
“And among His Ayat (proofs, evidences, lessons, signs, etc.) is the creation of the heavens and the earth, and whatever moving (living) creatures He has dispersed in them both.” [Surah Ash-Shura, 29]
“And from among His Signs are the night and the day, and the sun and the moon.” [Surah Fussilat, 37]
“And among His Signs is the sleep that you take by night and by day, and your seeking of His Bounty.” [Surah Al-Rum, 23]
Allah the Almighty also says:
“And among His Signs is this, that He created for you wives from among yourselves, that you may find repose in them, and He has put between you affection and mercy. Verily, in that are indeed signs for a people who reflect.” [Surah Al-Rum, 21]
This affection and mercy between husband and wife are created by Allah, and it is the foundation of marital relation, losing them would result to dangerous problems.
Dear brothers and sisters! As long as man is alive and has the chance he should reform himself and the closest people to him (his wife) and should ward off hellfire from his children by rearing them, offering them advice, guiding them, and encouraging them to seek knowledge.
I am pretty sure that any problem on earth, be it small or big, individual, collective or massive, is a result of deviation from Allah’s method, which is a result of ignorance.
* Islamic orders in treating women
Dear brothers and sisters! The Prophet (Peace be upon him) said:
“The best of you is the best for his family and I am the best for my family.” [Tirmidhi, Ibn Majah and ad-Darimi]
And he also said:
“Only an honourable man treats women with honour and integrity. And only a mean man humiliates women.” [Ibn Asakir and Al-Jami’ Al-Sagir]
And the Prophet (Peace be upon him) addressed women by saying to one of them:
“O woman, be sure, you and all women that being a good wife to your husband equals Jihad (fighting) in the cause of Allah.” [Baihaqi]
The Prophet (Peace be upon him) was used to be bright-faced and smiling when entering his house, and He described women by saying:
“They are the precious and the source of pleasure.”
* Ignorance is the worst enemy of the truth
This is the true religion that the Prophet (Peace be upon him) came with. We should take Islam from its resources not from the lives of Muslims which might not be in harmony with Allah’s path, nor from the tributaries which came from western cultures to distort Islam. Allah the Almighty says:
“This day, I have perfected your religion for you, completed My Favour upon you, and have chosen for you Islam as your religion.” [Surah Al-Maidah, 3]
Every issue we need, were completely addressed by Islam, and detailed in its method, and in the Qur’an. Our duty now is to learn and seek knowledge.
It is naivety, and narrow mindedness to accuse something without knowing it and trying to comprehend it, following the right path to acquaint it, and taking it from its resources.
If you want to know Islam, you have the Qur’an and the Sunnah of the Prophet (Peace be upon him), and you have the biography of his Companions who followed him with full reception, comprehension, and righteousness. Allah the Almighty says:
“Say (O Muhammad): “This is my way; I invite unto Allah (i.e. to the Oneness of Allah – Islamic Monotheism) with sure knowledge, I and whosoever follows me (also must invite others to Allah i.e to the Oneness of Allah – Islamic Monotheism) with sure knowledge. And Glorified and Exalted be Allah (above all that they associate as partners with Him). And I am not of the Mushrikun (polytheists, pagans, idolaters and disbelievers in the Oneness of Allah; those who worship others along with Allah or set up rivals or partners to Allah).” [Surah Yusuf, 108]
One should never judge Islam before becoming familiar and acquainted with it. Seeking knowledge is an individual duty on every Muslim and is your way to sublime. If you want worldly life, you need to seek knowledge, if you want the hereafter, you need to seek knowledge, and if you need both, you need to seek knowledge.
There are two kinds of knowledge, there is the knowledge that entertains you, and the knowledge that benefits to you. Knowledge of Allah’s orders and prohibition is an entertaining and beneficial knowledge, and it grants happiness in the worldly life and the hereafter alike.
Most kinds of science stop with death, whereas religious knowledge lasts even after death forever and ever, as it is the real knowledge. The prudent is he who knows Allah, knows the reason behind his own existence, and knows the purpose of his existence.
The Prophet (Peace be upon him) and his Companions passed by an insane man, so He asked them (knowing the answer): “Who is this?” They replied: He is an insane person. He answered: “This man is afflicted, but the insane is he who disobeys Allah.”
In another incident, the Prophet (Peace be upon him) entered the Mosque and ran into a genealogist, so he asked (knowing the answer), “Who is he?” They replied: he is a genealogist, and he asked again: “What is the genealogist?” They answered: he is the one who knows people’s ancestors, so the Prophet (Peace be upon him) commented: “That is a kind of knowledge that is not beneficial to the one who learns it, and is not harmful to those who are ignorant of it.”
Hence, the Prophet (Peace be upon him) used to supplicate by saying:
“O Allah, I seek refuge with you from useless knowledge, a heart that is not humble to you, an eye that does not cry, and a soul that does not get satisfied, and I seek refuge with you from those four.”
Dear brothers and sisters! Seeking knowledge confirms the humanity of man.
Praise be to Allah, the Lord of the Worlds, the Ever-Living, Who does not die, and Peace and Blessings be upon our beloved Prophet, Muhammad and upon all his family and Companions.
Imam Murtadha Muhammad Gusau sent this piece from Okene, Kogi State, Nigeria. He can be reached via: or +2348038289761.

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Friday Sermon: The Ummah’s Strong Need For Islamic Knowledge, By Imam Murtadha Gusau

In the Name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful
All praise is for Allah. We praise Him, we seek His aid and we ask for His forgiveness. We seek Allah’s refuge from the evils of ourselves and from our evil actions. Whosoever Allah guides, there is no one who can misguide him; and whosoever Allah misguides, there is no one who can guide him.
I testify that none has the right to be worshipped except Allah, alone, who has no partner; and I testify that Muhammad (Peace be upon him) is His servant and Messenger.
Dear brothers and sisters! What is the real knowledge?
Allah, Glorified and Sublime be He, says:
“Allah bears witness that La ilaha illa Huwa (none has the right to be worshipped but He), and the angels, and those having knowledge (also give this witness); (He is always) maintaining His creation in Justice.” [Surah Ali-Imran, 18]
It is deduced from this Qur’anic verse that the real knowledgeable man is the one who bears witness of Allah’s Justice, but the one who transmits some of what he has read is considered only a transmitter, not a knowledgeable man. If this man narrates to someone what he has found in some books without thinking deeply about these pieces of information, he may make the listener have contradictory ideas about some religious issues. As a result, the listener may believe that Allah’s Justice is different from ours, but he may start thinking that man in fact does not have the free will, and all his actions and deeds are imposed upon him. These words are not the words of the knowledgeable, but the ones of the transmitter. He transmits both the facts and false ideas he has read, so he will be punished for transmitting falsehood. Allah the Almighty says:
“Allah bears witness that La ilaha illa Huwa (none has the right to be worshipped but He), and the angels, and those having knowledge (also give this witness); (He is always) maintaining His creation in Justice.” [Surah Ali-Imran, 18]
* The most precious deed in man’s life is to acquire the Islamic knowledge from a knowledgeable man
“This knowledge contains the rules of the religion, so look thoroughly into the person from whom you acquire the knowledge of your religion.” [Muslim, by Ibn Sirin]
In another Hadith, the Prophet (Peace be upon him) said:
“O Ibn Umar, your religion, your religion is your flesh and blood. Take it from the pious ones, and do not take it from those who deviated.” [Kanz Al-Ummal, by Ibn Umar]
If someone tells a man about false religious ideas, that might help him commit sins, cover or justifies sins, this is absolutely falsehood. Some people justify gazing at forbidden things referring mistakenly to what our Prophet Yusuf (Peace be upon him) did (when the woman of Al-Aziz wanted to commit adultery with him).
The outcomes of acquiring the sound Islamic knowledge are chivalry, chastity, honesty, trustworthiness and so on. If the Muslim is entrusted with all the money of this worldly life, he will take his portion only. Hence, the believer is trustworthy, honest and chaste. If he is entrusted with something, he will never betray the trust. Moreover, the believer gets married to a religious woman in order to have righteous children. Also, he invites his neighbour, his son in law, his nephew, his brother, his friend, etc… to the Masjid in order to get them closer to Allah and be steadfast. Allah the Almighty says:
“See you not how Allah sets forth a parable? – A goodly word as a goodly tree, whose root is firmly fixed, and its branches (reach) to the sky (i.e. very high) . Giving its fruit at all times.” [Surah Ibrahim, 24-25]
Below is another similitude. Allah the Almighty says:
“And these similitudes We put forward for mankind, but none will understand them except those who have knowledge (of Allah and His Signs, etc.).” [Surah Al-Ankabut, 43]
* The Noble Qur’an is Allah’s Book. 
Allah, the Glorified and Exalted, says:
“Nay, but they, the clear Ayat [i.e the description and the qualities of Prophet Muhammad (Peace be upon him), written like verses in the Taurat (Torah) and the Injil (Gospel)] are preserved in the breasts of those who have been given knowledge (from the people of the Scriptures).” [Surah Al-Ankabut, 49]
This means that the verses of the Noble Qur’an are not merely Words that have been written in these papers:
“Nay, but they, the clear Ayat [i.e the description and the qualities of Prophet Muhammad (Peace be upon him), written like verses in the Taurat (Torah) and the Injil (Gospel)] are preserved in the breasts of those who have been given knowledge (from the people of the Scriptures).” [Surah Al-Ankabut, 49]
Whoever does not acquire the Islamic knowledge from the people of knowledge will never get the truth. Let alone, whoever does not know the Sunnah will be ignorant of what the scholars discuss. The Prophet (Peace be upon him), said:
“Wisdom increases the honour of the noble.” [Al-Jami’ As-Saghir, by Anas]
If someone is from a noble linage, he will be more exalted after acquiring knowledge, and if he is honourable, knowledge will increase his honour. 
A Khalifah said, If you are noble men, knowledge will make you more elevated, if you are from middle class people, knowledge will make you noble people and if you are from lower class people, you will know how to live by knowledge.
The Prophet (Peace be upon him) said:
“Wisdom increases the honour of the noble and exalts a servant as high as to raise him to the level of kings.” [Al-Jami’ As-Saghir, by Anas]
Also, the Prophet (Peace be upon him) said in a Hadith narrated by Abi Hurairah:
“Two things will not be together in a hypocrite: Good manners, and Fiqh in the religion.” [At-Tirmidhi, by Abi Hurairah]
Allah has never been the Guardian of the ignorant, and He grants the ignorant knowledge before He becomes His Guardian.
Someone may be highly educated, but if he is not steadfast on Allah’s Order, he is not knowledgeable, and the knowledge he has is mere ignorance. On the other hand, you may know someone who is not highly educated, but he acts upon Allah’s Order, he fears Allah, Glorified and Sublime be He, he makes use of whatever sound Islamic fact he receives, he has exalted knowledge even though it may be little. As you know, life is short and man may not have the chance to acquire all the Islamic knowledge. Thus, fearing Allah is enough knowledge for man. Our Master Abu Bakr As-Siddiq, may Allah be pleased with him, said:
“Verily, I am supposed to be a follower of Allah’s Shari’ah, not to be an innovator.”
“The knowledgeable man never says something from his own mind, but rather he refers to Allah’s Words and the Sunnah of the Prophet (Peace be upon him). The learned and the warriors are nearest to the rank of Prophet hood. The learned have been sent for which the Prophets were sent. They are guides to the people and the warriors wage war in the path of Allah with their arms like the Prophets.” [From Ahadith Al-Ihya’, by Ibn Abbas]
Man may stand before Allah on the Day of Resurrection and his position is as great as the whole nation. I just want to urge you to be like that. You can know your position in Allah’s Sight by the number of people you help to be guided to Allah. Keep in mind that the main task of the Prophets (Peace be upon them) was guiding people. Furthermore, If Allah decrees that you guide someone to Him, you will be wealthier than whoever has been given all the wealth of the worldly life.
Onassis, is one of the wealthiest men, who owned shipping fleet and islands, but what did he take with him when he died? Before he died he said:
“I am the most miserable man.” 
In one of the Arab countries the man owns 5000 million Dollars, but this does not make him different from other people, because all people can eat one ounce and a half of meat for lunch, all people can wear one suit for one meeting, all people sleep in one bed every day and all people can drink one cup of water when they are thirsty. If man thinks deeply about the situation of the wealthy people, he will find that their life is about deceptive appearances.
* The virtue of wisdom
Allah, Glorified and Sublime be He, said:
“He grants Hikmah to whom He pleases, and he, to whom Hikmah is granted, is indeed granted abundant good.” [Surah Al-Baqarah, 269]
If you are granted wisdom, you will spend your money wisely, you will make money wisely, you will choose to get married to a righteous young woman, you will mend your mistakes, you will raise your children properly and you will seize the moment perfectly.
A brother in faith told me that once his father had some pains, so he took a sedative medicine, but from that day on he become addicted to it. Consequently, the father has become bed-ridden, and he needs to take the medicine, which costs 30,000 naira daily. The medicine is a very effective one, so if the father does not take it, he will break everything he sees. Had he been wise, he would not have ended up like that. He is in debt now, and at an hour of anger, he sold his house at 290,000 millions although it was worth 700,000 millions. The agent/broker deceived him and sold the house at that cheap price, so the man moved to live in his mother’s house in one room with his wife and five children (sons and daughters). His house is worth 800,000 millions these days. Where is his wisdom? His son said that the house was 180 square meters, and that their situation was difficult.
Wisdom is everything in life. Money needs to be guarded, but knowledge guards you. Wisdom helps you bring your money, but foolishness causes its loss. Also, by wisdom man can choose a good woman to be his wife, but without it, he chooses a beautiful wife who will plot against him later on. Man should seek knowledge, because it is the most precious thing in life. The Prophet (Peace be upon him) said:
“The death of an entire tribe is easier than the death of one scholar.” [At-Tabarani, by Abi Ad-Darda]
* If scholars and leaders are righteous, people will be righteous too
The Prophet (Peace be upon him) said:
“Two types of people who if they are righteous, the people are righteous and if they are bad, the people are bad: The scholars and leaders.” [Ibn Abdul Barr and Abu Na’im, from Hadith of Ibn Abbas]
Imam Al-Ghazali said:
“Let the day that ends without enriching my knowledge to get closer to Allah, Glorified and Sublime be He, not be blessed.” 
If you are certain that whatever the Prophet (Peace be upon him) said is the truth, then you should reconsider your daily activities and deeds. You should make benefit from the interpretation of a Qur’anic verse which you did not know before, a Hadith you did not know and an issue of Fiqh. Also, you should do a good deed, act upon the orders mentioned in the Prophetic Sunnah, such as visiting a sick person, give sincere advice to other people, enjoin Al-Ma’ruf, forbid Al-Munkar, recite Allah’s Book and remember Allah, Glorified and Sublime be He.
* Salah (Prayer) is the skeleton of all the religion
The Prophet (Peace be upon him) said:
“Salah (Prayer) is the skeleton of all the religion, whoever keeps it and gives it its rights he would have kept the faith, and whoever destroyed it or leave it then he had destroyed the faith.” [Al-Baihaqi in Shu’ab Al-Iman, by Umar]
Someone may say, “I am a good man, and I never hurt anyone, but I do not pray.” How does anyone dare to say that? This is either dullness or cleverness. A person may not hurt anyone, because he is dull, but if he is powerful, and he never hurts other people to save himself from making trouble and live in peace, then this is cleverness. However, this is not what our religion about; Islam is about knowing Allah, Glorified and Sublime be He.
A student may complain at the end of the year about failing in the exam, saying that he never does harm to his colleagues and never makes trouble with them, but he does not study. This is ridiculous! Success needs studying hard for the exams. Likewise, it is nonsense to say that since you have a good heart it does not matter whether you pray or not and whether you act upon Allah’s Order or not. Being a Muslim means being a steadfast man who performs prayer regularly. The Prophet (Peace be upon him) said:
“Allah has not given any man more excellence than the knowledge of religion and one person (knowledgeable in the Religion) is more formidable to the devil than a thousand worshippers. Everything has its foundation and the foundation of this religion is knowledge of (Deen) theology.” [As-Sakhawi, by Abi Hurairah]
In another Hadith, he (Peace be upon him) said:
“The best of religious practice is the easiest.” [Ahmad, Sahih]
Someone may travel with a group of people, and when it is time to pray, he refuses to shorten Salah (Prayer) with them saying that he is not tired. Well, the other people are exhausted, and they are allowed to shorten their Salah (Prayer), so you should agree with the group and do what they do. The Prophet (Peace be upon him) said:
“Agree with those whose religious performance is the least.”
In another Hadith, the Prophet, Peace be upon him, said:
“The best of religious practice is the easiest and the best worship is engaging in Fiqh (Islamic jurisprudence).” [Al-Jami’ As-Saghir, by Anas]
* Fiqh (religious understanding) is the best act of worship
Sawm (fasting), Salah (Prayer) and Hajj are acts of worship, but the best act of worship is engaging in Fiqh. A man got back from Hajj, and many people visited him to congratulate him. One day, he looked into the hole of the door where the women came to congratulate his wife, so how did he really perform Hajj? It would have been better for him to have knowledge about religious issues before he performed Hajj, and it would have been greater if his act of worship had been performed according to the Islamic knowledge he had had. A man who has no Fiqh knowledge may kill someone in Hajj in order to kiss the Black Stone, so is he engaged in Fiqh? He justifies what he does by saying that he wants to reach the stone, but to do so he wants to smash all people before him, which is definitely ignorance. Another man stands at Arafah in a tent listening to the tape recorder and drinking cold water. After he comes back from Arafah, he says to you, “Praise be to Allah, we spent five hours there having fun, drinking cold water and listening to the tape recorder. Everything was fine.” Is this Hajj? Pay attention to the meaning of the following Hadith:
“The best of religious practice is the easiest and the best worship is engaging in Fiqh (Islamic jurisprudence).” [Al-Jami’ As-Saghir, by Anas]
* The excellence of learning
The Prophet (Peace be upon him) was once asked:
“O Prophet of Allah, which action is best? He, Peace be upon him, said, ‘Knowledge.’ He was then asked, ‘Which knowledge do you mean?’ He, Peace be upon him, said, ‘Knowledge about Allah.’ They said, ‘We ask you about action but you speak of knowledge.’ The Prophet, Peace be upon him, said, ‘With your knowledge of Allah, a few actions will suffice and your ignorance about Allah will not suffice even though actions are numerous’.” [Al-Jami’ As-Saghir, by Anas]
No matter how many activities you have, they are useless as long as you are ignorant about Allah. For instance, the twenty floor building of someone who constructs it without the help of some engineers, will be destroyed, because it is built ignorantly. Although the owner brings hundred tons of iron, and he dedicates different amounts of iron to different places of the building, his work is done randomly without asking the help of engineers. As a result, the building will be destroyed, and his money will be spent in vain. If you want to build a building and buy building materials, such as iron and cement, which are expensive, you should ask an engineer to do that for you, because he knows the correct amounts you need of these materials for the building. The Noble Prophet (Peace be upon him) said:
“With your knowledge of Allah, a few actions will suffice and your ignorance about Allah will not suffice even though actions are numerous.” [Al-Jami’ As-Saghir, by Anas]
Abu Al-Aswad said:
“There is nothing greater than knowledge. Kings are rulers of people, but scholars are the rulers of the kings.”
Is there any king who has no consultants? If a king wants to allow people to do something, or he wants to deprive them of doing something that is related to economy and finance, he consults the experts of economy. Furthermore, Presidents all over the world have prominent consultants, which indicates that knowledge is essential in man’s life. When the President has a social or an economic problem, he meets with the consultants and ask them to find the solution. This means that the backbone of having a healthy and strong society is knowledge. Our Master Prophet Sulaiman Bin Dawud, Peace be upon them, was given the choice to choose between the kingdom, wealth or knowledge:
“And Sulaiman (Solomon) inherited (the knowledge of) Dawud (David).” [Surah An-Naml, 16]
Prophet Sulaiman (Peace be upon him) favoured knowledge over the money and the kingdom, so he was granted money and the kingdom besides knowledge. 
Imam Abdullah Ibn Al-Mubarak was once asked:
“Who are the best people?” He answered, “The learned.” It was then said to him, “And who are the kings?” He answered, “The ascetics.” He was asked, “Who are the dishonourable people then?” He answered, “Those who take earthly benefit at the expense of their religion.” 
Pay attention to the following Hadith:
“Whoever has been granted the understanding of the Noble Qur’an but believes that someone else has been granted something better than him despises what Allah has glorified.” [Ishaq Bin Rahwaih, by Abdullah Bin Amr Bin Al-Aas]
Let me clarify this Hadith by given an example. If you understand the Noble Qur’an by Allah’s Grace, but your income is limited, you live in a three-room house and you have no car, while your friend, who was your friend in the primary school, owns millions, you despise what Allah has glorified if you believe that Allah has granted him a greater blessing (the money) than yours (comprehending the Noble Qur’an). It does not matter if you belong to the lower class, whereas your friend belongs to the upper class as long as you have been granted the ability of studying and understanding the Noble Qur’an. Thus, if you believe that your friend has been granted something greater than what you have, you despise what Allah has glorified. 
Al-Fath Al-Musili, may Allah have mercy on his soul, said:
“Does the patient not die if he is deprived of eating and drinking?” They said, “Yes, he does.” Then he said, “Like the patient, if the heart is deprived of learning wisdom and acquiring beneficial knowledge for three days, it dies.”
Ibn Abbas, may Allah be pleased with them, said:
“Revising for few hours at night the Islamic knowledge I have acquired is more preferable than staying all the night praying and reciting the Qur’an.” 
Sitting together, revising the Islamic knowledge we have is more preferable to Allah than staying up till the morning remembering Allah and praying. Al-Hasan, who is one of the scholars of the interpretation of the Noble Qur’an, may Allah be pleased with him, interpreted the following Qur’anic verse:
“Our Lord! Give us in this world that which is good and in the Hereafter that which is good.” [Surah Al-Baqarah, 201]
He said: 
“The good that we ask Allah to grant us is knowledge and worship.”
But other scholars said that it is a reference to the righteous wife. 
Al-Ahnaf, may Allah have mercy on his soul, said:
“If man’s glory is not accompanied by Islamic knowledge,
It will be turned into humiliation.”
Praise be to Allah, the Lord of the Worlds.
I ask Allah the Generous, the Lord of the great throne by His Beautiful Names and Lofty Attributes to benefit us all from what He has taught us, and to rectify all of our conditions. And I ask Him to guide us to the straight path, and to not leave us to ourselves even for the blink of an eye. Verily the Blessed and Exalted responds to the supplication and He is the One hope is placed in and the best to rely upon. And Allah knows best. May the prayers and peace of Allah be upon His Servant, His Messenger, and our Beloved Prophet Muhammad, and upon his family and his Companions.
This Jumu’ah Khutbah (Friday Sermon) was prepared for delivery today Friday, Jumada Al-Ula 25, 1440 AH (February 1st, 2019), by Imam Murtada Muhammad Gusau, the Chief Imam of Nagazi-Uvete Jumu’ah and the late Alhaji Abdur-Rahman Okene’s Mosques, Okene, Kogi State, Nigeria. He can be reached via: or +2348038289761.

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Friday Sermon: Good Leader Consult People In His Affairs! By Imam Murtadha Gusau

In the Name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful
Verily all thanks and praise is due to Allah, we seek His help and forgiveness. We seek refuge in Allah from the evil within ourselves and the consequences of our evil deeds. Whoever Allah guides will never be led astray, and whoever Allah leads astray will never find guidance. I bear witness there is no god but Allah, alone without any partners, and I bear witness that Muhammad is His servant and His Messenger.
“O you who have believed, fear Allah as He should be feared and do not die except as Muslims in submission to Him.” [Ali-Imran, 102]
“O mankind, fear your Lord, who created you from one soul and created from it its mate and dispersed from both of them many men and women. And fear Allah, through whom you ask one another, and the wombs. Verily, Allah is ever watching over you.” [An-Nisa’, 1]
“O you who have believed, fear Allah and speak words of appropriate justice. He will then amend for you your deeds and forgive your sins, and whoever obeys Allah and His Messenger has certainly attained a great attainment.” [Al-Ahzab, 70-71]
Verily, the most truthful speech is the Book of Allah, the best guidance is the guidance of Muhammad, and the worst of affairs are newly invented matters (in the religion). Every newly invented matter (in the religion) is a religious innovation, and every religious innovation is misguidance, and every misguidance is in the Hellfire.
Dear brothers and sisters! Allah the Almighty said addressing the Prophet (Peace be upon him):
“And consult them in the affairs.” [Ali-Imran, 159]
Hence, Allah the Almighty orders the Prophet (Peace be upon him) to consult his companions. Let me ask you here: who is the Prophet Muhammad? He is the master of mankind, the most beloved creature to Allah, the one who is gifted with shrewdness, the best of Adam’s sons, the one whom revelation was sent upon, and he is the infallible, yet, and despite all these characteristics and privileges, he is ordered by Allah to consult his companions. Allah the Most High said:
“Then when you have taken a decision, put your trust in Allah, certainly, Allah loves those who put their trust (in Him).” [Ali-Imran, 159]
Respected brothers and sisters! What is the wisdom behind consulting people? What is the point here? Why, despite the endless wisdom included in Allah’s Words, Allah asked the Prophet Muhammad (Peace be upon him) to consult his companions?
1. To sooth their souls by consulting them
When you order someone and he has to carry out your orders, he feels as if he was a tool in your hands. However, when you consult him, you give him the feeling that he is your partner, and this is an educational way. Therefore, consulting soothes the souls of the consultants.
When you ask your wife for her opinion on something you are intending to do she feels that you are equal partners. Hence, the first aim of the Prophet’s consultation with his companions is soothing their souls.
Whenever Allah orders the believers to do something, he shows them the wisdom behind this order, and by doing so, Allah soothes their hearts.
2. To get strength with his companion’s opinion
This is exactly what the Prophet (Peace be upon him) meant when he said to Abu Bakr and Umar (RA):
“If you two are agree upon an opinion I would not oppose you.” [Ahmad]
What does this mean? It means that when the Prophet (Peace be upon him) said those words, he was then choosing the wise and the prudent among his companions to ask for their opinion (or else he wouldn’t say: “I would not oppose you”), and by this act, he was supporting their opinion. 
Al-Nu’man Ibn Bashir said: 
“The Prophet (Peace be upon him) said on the pulpit: He who is not grateful for a little cannot be grateful for the abundance, and he who is not grateful to people cannot be grateful to Allah [whereas] to talk about Allah’s blessings is gratitude, and leaving it is ingratitude (kufr). The community (jama’ah) is mercy, and dissension is debasement.” [Ahmad]
When you have an opinion which is right, then you consult someone and he recommends the same opinion, your opinion gets stronger.
Hence, you feel supported when you see an opinion and consult a friend who agrees upon what you are going to do, thus, you get confident of your opinion, and this is called “strengthening.”
Therefore, the first purpose of consulting is soothing the souls, whereas the second purpose is that the Prophet (Peace be upon him) feels strength because of his companion’s opinion.
For example, when someone asks me a question, for which I know the answer, and I answer him with evidence from the Qur’an or Sunnah or the opinion of schools of thoughts (Scholars), I feel more confident when I ask a scholar and he give me the same answer. Man is supported with his brothers. He should not choose individual opinion, week evidence, or a weard opinion. He should be with the majority of scholars. Anas Ibn Malik said: I’ve heard the Prophet (Peace be upon him) saying:
“My nation will never agree upon misguidance, and if you witness any conflict, then follow the majority of my nation.” [Ibn Majah]
You should know that the Prophet (Peace be upon him) is individually infallible, while his nation is collectively infallible through Muslim’s agreement, and they never agree on something wrong.
Whenever you read interpretation books, they say in it most of the time: The majority of scholars said so and so, hence, be with the majority (of course not the majority of people but the majority of believers), as the Majority of people may go astray. Allah the Almighty says:
“And most of them follow nothing but conjecture.” [Yunus, 36]
Hence, first: consulting soothes the souls, second: it strengthens the consulted, assuring him that he is on the right path, as consulting gives strength and self-confidence. 
3. To legislate consulting among his nation after his death
The delicate point in the whole matter is that when the Prophet (Peace be upon him) consulted his companions ?carrying out Allah’s order to him, he put a law by this act, so that it would be carried out by his nation after him.
If he was a Prophet who is infallible and never makes mistakes, he is guided by revelation, he is supported by Allah, he is protected by the divine providence, and he is gifted with unlimited wisdom and knowledge, what about the generations of leaders and scholars who would come after him? They are not like him, they may be confused, so they need to resort to consultation. Hence, he made consultation a Sunnah and he set up an example for them.
Though the Prophet (Peace be upon him) wasn’t in need for consulting his companions because of his wisdom, knowledge and his infallibility, but he consulted them in order to set up an example for scholars and leaders, who will come after his death. Thereby, he laid down a law in consulting others.
Again, the Prophet (Peace be upon him) consulted his companions to sooth their souls, to get support from their opinions, but definitely, he didn’t need their opinion and recommendations, as he was infallible, supported with revelation (Wahy), and gifted with wisdom and knowledge. He could do without their reasoning, yet he did so in order to set up a good example for them.
You all remember that the Prophet (Peace be upon him) borrowed money from a Jew, and to this, a narrow minded person might say: Is it rational that the Prophet took money from a Jew, whereas he was surrounded with his companions who were ready to sacrifice their souls and hearts for him? The answer is so simple: The Prophet (Peace be upon him)  didn’t borrow money from a Jew out of need, or because his companions were negligent to his needs, but he meant to lay down a law that you can deal with people of the book (Jews and Christians), to buy from them and sell to them.
If the Prophet (Peace be upon him) had never dealt with people of the book (Jews and Christians), you would not have been allowed to do so, hence he set up an example for you and lied down a law by such an act.
Another example to clarify this idea is the following: what do you think about the Prophet’s courage? He was described by his companions as follows:
“When the battle used to become fierce and the eyes seemed to be coming out of the sockets, we were to look for the Prophet (Peace be upon him) in order to find a shelter behind him, as he was the closest one among us to the enemy.”
This means that the courage of all the companions wasn’t up to the Prophet’s courage (Peace be upon him), yet, how did he migrate from Makkah to Madinah?
He did that undercover, he hid in the cave of Thawr, asked someone to bring him news, asked another to bring him food, and a third to wipe off his traces, why do you think he did that? Why didn’t he migrate like Umar who challenged all the infidels? Umar (RA) said:
“Whoever wants to cause grief for his mother and leave his children as orphans, then let him meet me behind that valley.”
One might wonder: who was more courageous, the Prophet Muhammad (Peace be upon him), or this noble companion (Umar)?
The companion (Umar) was challenging the infidels, whereas the Prophet (Peace be upon him) was sneaking out of Makkah and hiding in the cave of Thawr spending three days in it.
The answer to this is very simple: had the Prophet migrated as Umar did, then rushing into danger would have been mandatory for a Muslim, and caution would have been impermissible, which could lead people to death.
Because the Prophet’s acts would be legislations till the Day of Judgment, the Prophet was cautious, he considered the causes, and he didn’t challenge Quraish. He resorted to the cave of Thawr, stayed in it for three days, he asked someone to bring him news, another to wipe off his traces, and a third to bring him food, not to mention that he hired a non-Muslim expert in trace tracking (he preferred expertise).
In other words, the Prophet (Peace be upon him) was a legislator, and when he consulted his companions, he laid down a law for us, for leaders after him, and for scholars, in order to consult in our affairs.
In another incident, the Prophet (Peace be upon him) set up a practical example. It was in Badr Battle, as he had chosen a loction. One might say: O Lord, wasn’t it better to send Angel Jibril (Gabriel) to the Prophet with the right location for the battle? Well, it was possible, but why did not Allah send Jibril (Gabriel)? Wasn’t it possible to inspire the Prophet of the most suitable location for the battle? Well, it was possible as well, but why didn’t any of this happen? After the Prophet (Peace be upon him) had chosen a location according to his own judgment, a polite enthusiastic companion of best quality asked him:
“Has Allah inspired you to choose this very spot or is it an opinion and strategy of war and a matter of consultation?”
Pay attention to the accuracy of the companion. Had the location been chosen by Revelation (Wahy), he wouldn’t have said a word.
The Prophet (Peace be upon him) replied:
“It is strategy of war and a matter of consultation.” 
The man said: 
“This place is not good.”
As simple, humble, spontaneous, and friendly as he was, and without neglecting, bashing or dismissing the adviser, the Prophet never considered that question as an act of discrediting to his judgment.
The Prophet asked:
“Where is the best place?” 
And the man pointed to the perfect place so that the Prophet (Peace be upon him) approved his plan and agreed to carry it out, and he moved the army to that spot.
4. You show respect to the person you consult with
Also the wisdom behind consulting someone is to raise high his self-esteem, to let him feel the importance and acceptance of his opinion, and to feel that he is contributing through his opinion to this country, state, town, family, company, school, or hospital.
This is called: ”The Democratic Management”, it is when a hospital manager, for example, asks doctors around him: what do you think of so and so? Considering the following Qur’anic verse:
“And consult them in the affairs. Then when you have taken a decision, put your trust in Allah.” [Ali-Imran, 159]
5. You test people by consulting them
We should not miss an important point. As we said before that the wisdom behind consulting others (either you were a sultan, an emir, king, president, governor, sole administrator, managing director, director, principal, hospital manager, company owner, father, business manager, or merchant etc) is to sooth their hearts, strengthen your opinion, and raise high their self-esteem, we still have another wisdom which unfolds a great educational purpose, as when you consult others you have the chance to get to know their reasoning, their points of view, and you can sift the narrow minded from the wise, the short-sighted from the long-sighted, and the sincere from the unfaithful. Hence, when you consult others, you are testing them in the process.
* The believer accepts the advice and thanks the adviser
This is leadership, and this is how the Prophet Muhammad (Peace be upon him) set up an example for his nation after him.
If you happened to be advised by a sincere and enthusiastic person, bringing all the needed evidence to support his advice, beware of going arrogant, rejecting, or turning away from him, and don’t ever do what breaks him because he dared to advise you.
Dear brothers and sisters! Please, pay attention to the following point:
Those who praise you won’t improve you. On the other hand, those who criticise you are those who improve you. Whenever you are criticised for doing something you avoid it so you get better, but when you are praised for something you are satisfied with it and you don’t get improved.
I always recall Khalifah Umar’s saying: 
“I love the person who gives me my blemishes as a present.”
This is how believer should do, he should be flexible towards advice, a good listener to it, grateful to the person who offers it. He should never despise him, nor should he bash or abandon him. He should never consider the advice as an act of crossing a red line, rather, he should thank the adviser.
As a legislator for the Ummah, the Prophet Muhammad (Peace be upon him) consulted his companions to lay down a law to be a Sunnah after his death.
Nowadays, you can make use of this law practically. If you have a family you can consult your wife in fundamental matters, and there is no harm in doing so.
Along with the same line, the Prophet (Peace be upon him) consulted Umm Salamah (his wife) in the Agreement (Sulh) of Hudaibiyyah, and adopted her opinion, so there is no harm in consulting your elder sons in order to sooth their souls, strengthen your opinion, and make them feel as partners in the family, and above all you teach them to humble down in their life, to consult others, and to accept consultation and advice.
Dear brothers and sisters! He who accepts the sincere advice, will attain the same reward of the person who offers it.
When you offer your advice you will get a reward, and he, who accepts it politely and thank you for it will get a reward as well.
Reported by Ibn Uday and Baihaqi in the Shu’ab, authenticated by Ibn Abbas, May Allah be pleased with both of them, he said:
“When the Qur’anic verse “and consult them in the affairs” was revealed and descended, the Prophet (Peace be upon him) said: Allah and his Messenger, Muhammad (Peace be upon him) don’t need consulting, however, Allah descended this verse out of mercy on my nation. Whoever consults others will never lack reasoning, and whoever doesn’t abide by it, might be afflicted with aberrance.”
* Consultation doesn’t mean chaos
In order to avoid turning consultation into chaos, dispersal, business obstruction, and disputes, we should consult and brain storm, as leadership sometimes needs people’s opinion, yet, in the end, you should do what is right, taking into consideration all the opinions. Hence, consulting is for taking hints and it is not a mandatory to take. This is because Allah said in the following verse:
“Then when you have taken a decision, put your trust in Allah.” [Ali-Imran, 159]
* Consultation is a crucial part of the believer’s life
Reported by Al-Shafi’i, from Abu Hurairah, May Allah be pleased with him, he said:
“I’ve never seen someone keener on consulting his companions than the Prophet (Peace be upon him).”
Consulting is a crucial matter, and Allah the Almighty described the believer saying: 
“They conduct their affairs by mutual consultation.” 
Allah the Almighty said: 
“And who (conduct) their affairs by mutual consultation.” [Ash-Shurah, 38]
And Allah ordered the Prophet (Peace be upon him) in the following verse: 
“And consult them in the affairs.” [Ali-Imran, 159]
This means that Shurah (Consultation) should be part of the believer’s life.
When the person, you offer your advice to, accepts it, makes use of it, and praises you for it, he will be encouraging this righteous behaviour which is enjoined by the noble Sunnah, and mentioned in Qur’an.
* The Prophet encouraged his companions to seek consultation
The Prophet (Peace be upon him) encouraged his companions to consult each other. Aisha, May Allah pleased with her, said: 
“The Prophet (Peace be upon him) said: The consultee is aid seeker, and the consultant must be trustworthy, so whenever you are consulted, you should consult with the same opinion you would consult yourself with.” [Kashf Al-Khafa’]
I know some merchants who wear pants made of a stagnant colour of stock fabric just to tell their customers when they ask if this fabric is good or not: Don’t you see that I am wearing it. So he is wearing those pants in order to sell the fabric, and this is dishonesty.
One should advise others with the same thing he will consult himself with, and that should be for real not just to display the goods, or out of malice.
Scholars said: Consultation draws out the sweetest of opinions, and the best of what is hidden in chests, exactly like when we take honey from the bee hive.
Therefore, when you consult a believer, you are bringing out his wise opinion.
Two days ago, in a Mosque, a brother asked me about a land he bought, but after a while someone claimed to own part of it and he filed a suit case. When he asked the owner about that, his papers weren’t complete, and though this brother won the case and became the owner of the whole land, yet he was not comfortable that part of it is not owned by the main owner who sold it to him, and kept feeling worried for three years.
The main owner of the land died and this brother asked me what to do? I said: it is easy, sell the part that you doubt owning and give it to the poor as Sadaqah, in that case if the land was yours then you paid Sadaqah and will be rewarded for it on the Day of Judgment, and if it wasn’t yours, then it was kept for its owner to be rewarded in the Hereafter (because he is now dead and if he were alive he would have given it to him), and by doing so you will be relieved of worry. This man was touched deeply by this solution which he couldn’t figure out himself, as he was worried that he has eaten ill-gotten money, given that he who transgresses a part of land will be in hellfire, so how about 2000 square metres (half acre) of land?
There is a solution for any problem, but you need to seek it in order to find it.
Who should we consult?
It was mentioned in the relic:
“Polish your minds by deliberation, and seek an aid in your matters through consulting.”
Best of times is when you deliberate knowledge with others, consult them, ask for their evidence to support the matter in question, ask for their hints, and swap notes between your opinion and theirs, in that case, you are polishing your mind by deliberation, and seeking aid in your matters through consulting. However, don’t consult just any one; rather you should know who to consult.
“And obey not him whose heart We have made heedless of Our Remembrance, one who follows his own lusts and whose affair (deeds) has been lost?.” [Al-Kahf, 28]
You should consult the believers. Scholars said: the consultant should be trustworthy, respectful, adviser, steadfast, non self-absorbed, not hesitant, not a liar, and he should not be fond of the matter he is consulted in (there is no conflict of interests).
In other words, if the matter of consulting is a garden, then you shouldn’t ask someone who is fond of gardens by saying: this garden is for me and for my neighbour, so what should I do? In this case, he might say to you: take it, out of his love to gardens, and he would be driven by his love instead of being just. Same goes for he who is ascetic about worldly life matters, like when you say to him: there is a disagreement between me and the owner of this store, what should I do? As he might say to you: leave it to him, because he is not interested in tangible things, and by this he is giving an opinion that might be not just for you if you have kids and the store should be yours according to law. Both men will be giving opinion very far from rightness, as the fond of the first will blind him from the truth, and the distance of the second will do the same.
Also don’t consult a stingy person in money related matters, as he will say to you: keep your money for a rainy day, hence, the stingy can’t be a consultant.
Instead, you should consult someone who is trustworthy, respectful, adviser, steadfast, non self-absorbed, non hesitant, and not a liar.
The Prophet (Peace be upon him) said:
“The consultee is an aid seeker, and the consultant must be trustworthy, so whenever you are consulted, you should consult of the same opinion you would consult yourself with.”[Kashf Al-Khafa’]
You are free to pardon yourself from giving any opinion. Keeping silent might be the answer, and remember that you are trusted if consulted. Hence, if consulting could lead to a conflict, you should pardon yourself from giving any opinion as this is better than giving an opinion you are not convinced with, or giving an opinion opposite to what you know, as this is a major sin, so beware of advising others with the opposite of what you know.
Imam At-Tabarani reported through Anas Ibn Malik, that the Prophet (Peace be upon him) said:
“The one who asks Allah for guidance by performing Istikharah prayer would never be disappointed, and the one who consults others would never regret.” [At-Tabarani by Anas]
Istikharah is all about seeking aid from Allah, whereas consulting is sought from experts believers.
Being a believer only is not enough, and being an expert only is not enough, you should have both to be consulted. If the consultant was not a believer, then he wouldn’t be a good adviser, as in his advice, he might have a conflict of interests, so he would hinder it from you. On the other hand, the believer who has no experience gives you his opinion out of ignorance. Therefore, Guidance is sought from Allah and advice is sought from experts.
* Consultation is borrowing minds and experiences
“The one who consults wise men is borrowing their minds.”
You can gain fifty years of experience from someone by asking him nicely: What do you think of this matter sir? And remember, he who consults wise men will be borrowing their minds.
Do you know that by asking a question to an expert, you are able to summarises fifty years of his experience? If he is an expert in economic, commerce or industry, and you are about to start a business of yours, consult him, and, in general, always consult the believers who are honest and wise.
* Despotism
Some have said a nice statement in this respect: 
“Despotism in opinion wastes the sane, and obliges the choosers.”
When someone acts autocratically despite the fact of being surrounded by wise people, he cancels their reasoning by such an act. Hence, Despotism abolishes the reasoning of wise people and turns the free choice of choosers into obligation. In other words, acting autocratically turns the sane into a fool.
I hope that we make use of this sermon practically in our daily life, and get ourselves used to consulting others, to asking, to brain storming, to resorting to the experts, to the pious, and to the believers, whether in your business or traveling, and beware of acting autocratically, as this will lead you to the worst of your deeds.
Praise be to Allah, the Lord of the Worlds, the Ever-Living, Who does not die, and Peace and Blessings upon our Prophet Muhammad and upon all his family and companions.
This Jumu’ah Khutbah (Friday Sermon) was prepared for delivery today Friday, Jumada Al-Ula 18, 1440 A.H. (January 25, 2019), by Imam Murtadha Muhammad Gusau, the Chief Imam of Nagazi-Uvete Jumu’ah and the late Alhaji Abdur-Rahman Okene’s Mosques, Okene, Kogi State, Nigeria. He can be reached via: or +2348038289761.

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Taming The Violence And Cruelty In Our Societies: Killing The Snake Without Cutting It’s Head! By Imam Murtadha Gusau

In the name of Allah, the Most Merciful, the Grantor of Mercy
All praise is due to Allah, the Lord of the Worlds. He guides His obedient servants to His love and admits the doers of good to His Paradise. I bear witness that there is no deity save Allah, having no associates. I also bear witness that our Master Muhammad is the Servant of Allah and His Messenger. May the peace and blessings of Allah be upon him, his pure blessed family and companions, and all those who follow them in righteousness till the Day of Judgment.
Dear brothers and sisters! The topic of our lesson today revolves around violence, cruelty, suppression and oppression that prevailed all over the world, and the opposite concepts of them such as mercy, forgiveness and justice which are recommended in Islam.
* First of all, know that, cruelty is not part of Islam
Dear brothers and sisters! The word “cruelty” is mentioned in seven contexts in the Noble Qur’an, and in each context it is despised. Allah the Almighty says:
“Then, after that, your hearts were hardened.” [Surah Al-Baqarah, 74]
And Allah the Most High says:
“So, woe to those whose hearts are hardened.” [Surah Az-Zumar, 22]
It is narrated in Sahih Bukhari, by Abu Mas’ud Al-Badri, that the Prophet (may peace and blessings be upon him) pointed to Yemen with his hand and said:
“Verily Iman is towards this side, and harshness and callousness of the hearts is found amongst the rude owners of the camels who drive them behind their tails (to the direction) where emerge the two horns of Shaitan (Satan), they are the tribes of Rabi’ah and Mudar.” [Bukhari and Muslim]
Dear brothers and sisters! The Prophet (may Allah have peace and blessing upon him), sought refuge in Allah from cruelty. Abu Hurairah, may Allah be pleased with him said: 
“I have heard Abu Al-Qasim, the Prophet, (Peace be upon him), saying: “Mercy is not taken away except from one who is wretched and nasty.” [Hadith hasan, by Imam at-Tirmidhi]
Even the she camel if you treat it with mercy, Allah will be merciful to you. The Prophet Muhammad (Peace be upon him), was not sent forth – as you all know – but as a mercy for the Alamin (mankind, jinns and all that exists).
* Cruelty and violence in all social classes
Dear brothers and sisters! The various aspects of the social violence, about which only Allah knows, are prevailed among the societies and among common Muslims. There is violence against woman; many women are brutally beaten, and sometimes they are forced out of their houses at night… Also violence is committed against children, weak people and strangers who have no support.
This violence is spread in the Islamic societies, but not all Islamic societies are violent. I avoid generalisation, because it is but ignorance. It is highly recommended that the houses of the knowledge seekers and those who go to Masaajid (Mosques) regularly should be heaven-like even if these houses are small, and that they should be full of mercy even if they are not well-furnished. Usually, the powerful people are violent and so are the opposers. I seek refuge in Allah from it. This violence is refused and condemned.
* Violence and cruelty refer to weak personality and lack of balance
Dear brothers and sisters! The widely prevailing aspects of violence all over the world are the main reason behind the catastrophic events in it, because violence brings about violence. Let me elaborate on this point and shed light on the horrible features of this violence. Violence could be the very harmful effect of the dangerous mental state of the violent person. He mistakenly thinks that giving other people the impression that he is a fearful person will enable him to have a strong character and make people freeze when he passes by. Actually, this way of thinking indicates how weak this person is; it is resulted from mental disorder, inferiority complex and guilt complex.
Dear brothers and sisters! Narrated Jarir Ibn Abdullah, may Allah be pleased with him:
“The Prophet (Peace be upon him) had never prevented me from entering to see him since I embraced Islam, and whenever he saw me, he used to meet me with a smile.” [Bukhari and Muslim]
That’s how the Prophet (Peace be upon him) was.
* Forms of cruelty and violence
1. Cruelty and violence in speech
I am addressing every boss, President, Governor, Minister, Emir, King, Managing Director, Director, school director, hospital manager, and whoever frowns at people, and whoever likes to make people fear him thinking that doing so makes him a wise leader and a powerful man. This is absolutely wrong; your strength is derived from being merciful, modest, and from being admired by your surroundings.
Aggression can be represented by shouting at other people and raising one’s voice while talking to them. Scholars said:
“The ‘Adalah’ (The foundation of beliefs and manners) of someone is negatively affected if he shouts at home, threatens other member of the family and says dirty words.”
Loud voices are repeatedly heard at night from what supposed to be “Islamic homes.” Hereinafter some example: Cruelty can be manifested when a woman gives her husband a watch as a gift, and he asks, “How much does it cost?” Upon telling him, he says, “They ripped you off. It is a high price for such a watch.” This kind behaviour is unacceptable to someone who offers you a gift.
Also cruelty can be noticed when a man gives his wife a rose, and after smelling it, she throws it away and says, ”It is odorless.”
The Prophet (Peace be upon him), said:
“A good word is charity.” [Muslim]
Some people turn faces beat red, embarrass one another, make fun of the words of each other and belittle one another. People misbehave to each other even when insignificant issues in life are discussed not the serious topics of the creed. It is an act of violence to cause other people fish in troubled waters, look down to others, embarrass people, frown at them most of the time, be ill-tempered or say bad words to others.
2. Physical cruelty and violence
Dear brothers and sisters! In addition to attacking others, hitting, fighting, and killing, we have seen in some national and state assemblies people using chairs to hit others. This is a kind of violence.
* Causes of cruelty and violence
1. Cruelty against women
The members of some families are harsh, cruel and lack affection towards one another. Greeting is replaced with beating, kidding is replaced with cruelty. Latest studies have proved that fifty to eighty percent of those who beat their wives saw their fathers beat their mothers. The adapted behaviour of the child is based on what he sees. Hence, the patient, calm and tender father spreads mercy, tenderness and patience amongst his family, whereas the cruel and violent father, who shouts all the time, spreads in his absence violence, cruelty and shouting amongst his family.
2. Violence against children
Dear brothers and sisters! Another kind of violence is the one committed against children. A ruthless teacher may beat his student severely for a trivial mistake. Treating students harshly destroy their personalities and causes them psychological complexes. These complexes are also caused when a teacher makes fun of a student, his family, his appearance, or his weakness at a certain subject. Do you know why children suffer from these complexes? Because of a ruthless cruel father, a harsh mother or a violent teacher. Children are just like roses which are easily smashed by cruelty.
Some fathers put down their children, beat them severely and hush them before visitors if they want to speak. What if the man who treats his children badly was sterile? What if he had a son and he got sick? What if this son died? would not the father’s heart break if something wrong happened to his son?Some men don’t know that having a wife is a blessing, some women don’t know that having a husband is a blessing, some fathers don’t know that having children is a blessing, and some children don’t know that having a father is a blessing.
Dear brothers and sisters! The Prophet (Peace be upon him), said:
“I start the prayer intending to make it long, then I hear a child crying, so I make it brief lest I cause hardship to his mother.” [Bukhari]
The Prophet of Ummah, who used to read many verses of Qur’an in Al-Fajr Salah (Prayer), read only short verse lest he caused hardship to the mother whose child was crying. Why are we emotionally drained? Why did we treat other people cruelly? Why do we raise our children to respect worn-out traditions such like revenge and retaliation?
Dear brothers and sisters! Violence is the main cause of most divorces. When a husband divorces his wife for no reason he is destroying his children. They get torn between their mother and their father.
Dear brothers and sisters! Most of houses are full of violence, and schools are like military barracks where the heads of students are saturated with information. Moreover, teaching methodology is based on educating children and giving them information at the expense of raising them and building their personalities. The Prophet (Peace be upon him), said:
“Instruct other people and don’t rebuke them, because the instructor is better than the rebuker.” [Reported by Al-Harith]
3. Cruelty of media
Dear brothers and sisters! Someone said to me, “All you can watch on TV is violence, cruelty and sex.” That is exactly what one can watch on TV; violence and killing scenes are displayed on TV, whether the purpose is to inform people about what is going on (like in the news) or to entertain them (like in the movies and TV shows). Whenever you watch the news, you see killing scenes, you see bloodshed, you see burning the people’s properties, you see the killers and the injured, do not you? Do not these scenes affect our children negatively? They accumulates in their subconscious and later on they become violent even in their houses. Actually, the international events are violent makers; there are invasions and wars in many countries such as the forty-year-war in Sudan, war in Afghanistan, war in Iraq, war in Syria, etc.
4. International cruelty and violence
Actually, the international events are violent makers; there are invasions and wars in many countries.
At the summit conference which was held two years ago, someone said, “the Security Council is nothing but ‘horror council.’” All its resolutions are imposed only on weak countries. When the Security Council imposes economic sanctions on a country, who pays the price? Absolutely the poor people, while those who are supposed to be punished get away with it. Only the poor people pay the price. The Security Council which demands states to be democratic, is in itself oppressive in dealing with those countries as it uses double standard policy, is not that violence? Is not the ‘VETO POWER’ an act of violence? Is not it oppression? Is not it cruelty? What did the Spanish guest say at the summit conference? He said, “Terrorism is caused by oppression, tyranny and marginalisation.” Wallahi this is absolutely true.
5. Cruelty of traditions
Dear brothers and sisters! We inherited traditions and customs of severe and violent nature and they have no relation whatsoever to our religion, depriving some heirs of inheritance and revenge are only some examples. For example, the case of revenge; for what sin the relatives of the killer should be killed? Avenging a murdered man involves the killing of an innocent man for a crime committed by a relative or someone of the same clan? Allah the Almighty says:
“And no bearer of burdens shall bear the burden of another.” [Surah Al-An’am, 164]
Even the crimes of honour have nothing to do with our religion. The first lady in Islam, Aisha, may Allah be pleased with her, the Prophet’s wife, was falsely accused of being unchaste in Hadith Al-Ifk (the slanderous rumour that was fabricated by some hypocrites about Aisha) but what did the Prophet (Peace be upon him) do? He waited, because he had no proof to confirm that accusation or deny it, until Allah from above seven heavens declared her innocence.
How many crimes are committed in the world for honour!!!
6. Cruelty against the poor
Dear brothers and sisters! When a companion (Sahabi) caught a man in his garden eating some of its fruits, brought him to the Prophet (Peace be upon him) accusing him of theft, what did the Prophet (Peace be upon him) do? He said:
“He was ignorant; you should have taught him, he was hungry; you should have fed him.” [Hadith sahih, by Al-Hakim in His Mustadrak]
Here, the Prophet Muhammad (Peace be upon him) dealt with the causes of the problem (Ignorance, hunger and poverty), not with its results.
He (Peace be upon him) said:
“You are given help and provision (from Allah) because of your weak ones.” [Bukhari]
If you feed the weak person when he is hungry, cloth him when he has no clothes, teach him when he is ignorant, treat him when he is sick and gives him information when he lacks it, this person will be a solid and beneficial member in the society. Consequently, the society will be strong enough against whatever may penetrate it.
Unfortunately, today, some Governments and some factory owners pay the workers 20,000 Naira per month while they need 50,000 Naira for transport only, they only have 20,000 Naira monthly. What can such workers buy? How much do they pay for electricity and essential needs? Can they be able to take care about the educational problems of their children? Can they buy any meat or clothes. As there are no jobs, and with the spread of unemployment they have to accept this little payment while the Governments and the owner of the factories don’t care to spend a hundred thousand Naira per day. With this kind oppression, they are always shouting they need peace in the county, Wallahi NEVER! Azzaluman banza azzaluman wofi!!!
7. Oppression
Dear brothers and sisters! Please listen to the following Prophetic Hadith:
“The Jews collected for Abdullah Ibn Rawaha pieces of their women’s jewellery as a bribe, but Abdullah Ibn Rawaha said, “O tribe of Jews! What you have offered as a bribe is forbidden. By Allah, I came to you from the most beloved to me of Allah’s creation, and you are among the most hateful to me of Allah’s creation, but it does not prompt me to deal unjustly with you.” They said, “This is what supports the heavens and the earth.” [Bukhari and Abu Dawud]
* The negative effects of cruelty and violence
Dear brothers and sisters! Being prevailed as a social phenomenon, violence causes gradual destruction and weakness of personality, not to mention destroying talents, potentials and capacities. Moreover, violence causes cowardliness, hesitation, confusion, fear of trying and fear of committing mistakes. Violence makes people concerned about other’s opinions, and it stops them from being happy and enjoying their lives. It also has bad effects on the person and on those around him. The most dangerous effects of cruelty is breaking up families, states, countries, societies, groups, and institutions.
* Alternatives of cruelty and violence
1. Dialogue
The alternative lies in dialogue. I would like to address the father: talk to your children, be their friend, teach them instead of rebuking them, listen to their complaints, check their needs, sit with them and be their therapist. Don’t build barriers between you and them or make them afraid of you when you get home and be relieved when you go out. A characteristic of a successful father is that his children rejoice his coming back home, wish that he lives longer and never wish that he dies.
Wallahi I was told by a doctor that after he finished examining one of his patients, he told his children that their father is not seriously sick. Upon hearing that, the children frowned and scowled, because they wished that their father had a serious disease. That father was stingy and wicked, so his children wished for his death.
Dear brother and sisters! If you are a manager, talk to your employees, find out what bothers them and what makes them get hurt. Ask them how they can satisfy their needs with such little salary, try to help them and give them top priority. If you are a teacher talk to your students. Use dialogue with all those around you, but have the Qur’an as the basis of your dialogue, we should have authentic evidences, and a method of research. Use dialogue even with deviated people. Can you imagine how unacceptable it is for a young man to ask the noble Prophet (Peace be upon him) to give him permission to commit adultery!
Abu Umamah Al-Bahili, may Allah be pleased with him narrated:
“Once a young man came to the Prophet (Peace be upon him), asking permission for committing adultry. The people, then, started to rebuke him and said, “shush, shush.” Then he Prophet (Peace be upon him) asked him, “Do you like it for your mother?” “No may Allah make me a sacrifice for you,” the man replied. “So are people,” the Prophet (Peace be upon him), commented. The Prophet (Peace be upon him), asked again, “Do you like it for your daughter?” “No may Allah make me a sacrifice for you,” the man replied. “So are people,” the Prophet (Peace be upon him), commented. The Prophet (Peace be upon him), asked once more, “Do you like it for your sister?” The man replied “No may Allah make me a sacrifice for you.” The Prophet (Peace be upon him), commented, “So are people.” The Prophet (Peace be upon him), eventually asked, “Do you like it for your aunt?” The man replied, “No may Allah make me a sacrifice for you.” The Prophet (Peace be upon him), commented, “So are people.” Whereupon the Prophet (Peace be upon him), placed his (blessed) hand upon him and said, “O Allah! May you forgive his sins, purify his heart and make him chaste.” The young man did not pay attention to anything else thereafter.” [Ahmad and Al-Tabarani in Al-Kabir]
See how Prophet Muhammad (Peace be upon him) used dialogue not violence.
2. Modesty
Dear brothers and sister! When our life is based on teamwork system, we will be all in one boat (as one group). Thus, our success and failure will be collective. To accomplish such a target, we should not achieve our triumph by weakening our brothers, we should not strengthen ourselves by causing them deterioration nor should we collect our wealth by impoverishing them. When we work together as one team, we will all survive In Shaa Allah. Allah the Almighty says:
“The believers are nothing else than brothers (in Islamic religion).” [Surah Al-Hujurat, 10]
Whosoever considers himself superior to others is a racist. When a Bedouin entered upon the Prophet, may Allah have peace and blessings upon him, he asked, “Who is Muhammad?” This indicated that the Prophet (Peace be upon him) could not be distinguished among his Companions.
“The believers are nothing else than brothers (in Islamic religion).”
3. Justice
Dear brothers and sisters! Wallahi, justice is the pillar of ownership, of the successful state, of the successful nation, of the successful family and of the successful factory, where rules are applied to all its workers alike and of every institution.
The Prophet (Peace be upon him) said:
“The people before you were destroyed because they used to inflict the legal punishments on the poor and forgive the rich.” [Bukhari and Muslim]
4. Cheerfulness
Sometimes we get bored, so it is preferable to cheer up ourselves from time to time. It was reported in the tradition:
“Amuse your hearts every other hour, because if the heart is fed up with something, it becomes blind [of it].”
You can enjoy yourself by telling nice jokes, kidding your family, smiling, laughing and going for a halal picnic even if it was humble, to a nearby area and by a bus. These things bring joy to family members. Actually, cheering up your heart and soul moderately makes your souls tranquil. Spreading kind words has the same effect, and remember that a good word is Sadaqah.
5. Forgiveness
About spreading forgiveness Allah the Most High says:
“Let them pardon and forgive.” [Surah An-Nur, 22]
And He the Almighty says:
“But forgive them, and overlook (their misdeeds). Verily, Allah loves Al-Muhsinun (good-doers).” [Surah Al-Ma’idah, 13]
And He says:
“So turn away from them (O Muhammad), and say: Salam (peace)! But they will come to know.” [Surah Az-Zukhruf, 89]
Abu Hurairah narrated, the Prophet (Peace be upon him) said:
“The strong man is not the one who can overpower others. Rather, the strong man is the one who controls himself when he gets angry.” [Bukhari and Muslim]
Dear brothers and sisters! When you go to sleep, why do not you supplicate and ask Allah for the best for your fellow believers and Muslims (male or female) with no exception? Why don’t you make Du’a exclusively for those who oppressed and insulted you? Why don’t you follow the example of the Prophet (Peace be upon him)? He was seriously beaten yet he said:
“O Allah, forgive my people, for they do not know.”
Our master Abu Bakr, may Allah be pleased with him, felt deeply hurt and he was taken by his human nature when a person, to whom he used to give charity, insulted his daughter (Aisha, may Allah be pleased with her) in Hadith Al-Ifk, so he decided to stop giving him charity. As a result, Almighty Allah blamed him saying:
“And let not those among you who are blessed with graces and wealth swear not to give (any sort of help) to their kinsmen, Al-Masakin (the poor), and those who left their homes for Allah’s Cause. Let them pardon and forgive. Do you not love that Allah should forgive you???” [Surah An-Nur, 22]
Abu Bakr As-Siddiq burst in tears upon listening to this Qur’anic verse and said:
“Sure, I love that Allah forgives me.” 
So he resumed giving charity to that man although he was mistreated by him.
The Prophet, may Allah have peace and blessings upon him, said:
“There was a merchant who would lend money to people. Whenever he saw a poor person who could not pay, he would tell his workers, ‘Write off his debt that Allah may forgive us.’ So Allah forgave him.” [Bukhari and Muslim]
* Lenience is part of the religion
Dear brothers and sisters! Allah the Almighty says:
“The believers are nothing else than brothers (in Islamic religion).” [Surah Al-Hujurat, 10]
My beloved people! Till when shall we keep paying lip services about the religion and refrain from adapting its way and method?
Most of us, as Muslims, are too far from the Prophetic conducts and those of the esteemed Companions. Is not it time to teach our children how to respect others and consider their rights? Is not it time to teach our children how to be keepers of the public interests? Is not it time to teach our children how to abide by the common sense, and how to say those words that are the best as Allah recommends us in the following Qur’anic verse:
“And say to My slaves (i.e. the true believers of Islamic Monotheism) that they should (only) say those words that are the best.” [Surah Al-Isra’, 53]
“That are the best” means that there could be thousand of kind words, but you should choose the best of them. Allah the Most High says:
“Invite (mankind, O Muhammad) to the Way of your Lord (i.e. Islam) with wisdom (i.e. with the Divine Inspiration and the Qur’an) and fair preaching.” [Surah An-Nahl, 125]
There is a big difference between inviting people to the way of Allah with wisdom and arguing with them; when you argue with people, you are challenging them. For some people, the ideas they are convinced by are linked to their dignity. Thus, if you want to win the argument, you should argue with people in a way that is better. Allah the Almighty says:
“Say (O Muhammad to these polytheists, pagans, etc.) “Who gives you provision from the heavens and the earth?” Say: “Allah, And verily, (either) we or you are rightly guided or in a plain error.”?” [Surah Saba’, 24]
These are the manners which are indicated in the Noble Qur’an, and which are required to be adapted by dialogists.
The Prophet (Peace be upon him) said:
“A believer will attain by his good behaviour the rank of one who prays during the night and observes fasting during the day.” [Abu Dawud, By Aishah]
A man with good conducts will attain the rank of the one who prays during the night and observes fasting during the day.
O Allah, indeed we are Your slaves, and the children of Your slaves, and the children of Your female slaves, our forelocks is in Your Hand, Your command over us is forever executed and Your decree over us is just. We ask of You with all Your names, which belong to You, which You have named Yourself with, or which You have taught someone from Your creation or revealed it in Your Book or that which You have taken unto Yourself with the knowledge of the unseen with You, that You make the Qur’an the life of our hearts and light of our breasts and keep away from us our sadnesses, and that our grief goes away.
Lastly, we pray that the forth coming 2019 elections in Nigeria brings about: peace for all, security for all, education for all, food for all, befitting employment for all, unepileptic power supply, world class health care centres and diversified booming economy…this is our dream!!!
Praise be to Allah, the Lord of the Worlds, the Ever-Living, Who does not die, and Peace and Blessings upon our Prophet Muhammad and upon all his family and Companions.
Your brother, Imam Murtadha Muhammad Gusau, writes from Okene, Kogi State, Nigeria. He can be reached via: or +2348038289761.

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Friday Sermon: Will They Not Use Their Mind, Intellect And Reason To Understand? By Imam Murtadha Gusau

In the Name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful
All praise is due to Allah, the Lord of the Worlds. He guides His obedient servants to His love and admits the doers of good to His Paradise.

I bear witness that there is no deity save Allah, having no associates. I also bear witness that our Master Muhammad is the Servant of Allah and His Messenger. May the peace and blessings of Allah be upon him, his pure blessed family and companions, and all those who follow them sincerely and in righteousness till the Day of Judgment.

Dear brothers and sisters! In Islam, reasoning is considered as one of the great fundamentals in man.

And Islam is the only religion which has elevated the status of the human mind and declared its importance. The human mind is the faculty through which man can be charged with duty and responsibility. It is man’s intellect that makes him acknowledge his Creator, the mysteries of creation, and the Supremacy of his Creator. The Qur’an addresses man’s intellect and urges him to look at the Universe and meditate upon its existence in addition to studying it for the benefit of mankind and to strive to make the earth prosper and thrive. Moreover, there is nothing to indicate that Islam prohibits Muslims to use their sense of judgment or that it is against scientific or academic thought.

It behooves us to state that Islam commands man to use his faculties of thinking and reasoning. Allah the Most High says:
“Say, ‘Travel throughout the earth and see how He brings life into being …’” [Surah Al-Ankabut: 20]

Islam also blames those people who do not employ their intellectual faculties of thinking, reasoning, and meditating, and the Qur’an describes such people thus: “We have created many jinn and people who are destined for Hell, with hearts they do not use for comprehension, with eyes they do not use for sight, with ears they do not use for hearing. They are like cattle, no, even further astray: these are the ones who are entirely heedless.” [Surah Al-A’raf: 179]

Furthermore, the Qur’an considers not using one’s sense and reason a sin, and describes what will happen on the Day of Judgment to those who refused to believe in Allah: 

“They will say, ‘If only we had listened, or reasoned, we would not be with the inhabitants of the blazing Hellfire.” [Surah Al-Mulk: 10]
My respected people! The faith of Islam draws man’s attention to the fact that Allah has made the entire universe subservient to him.

It is consequently his duty to use his powers of intellect for the welfare of all mankind and the fruitfulness of the earth. The following Qur’anic verses confirm this matter: “It was He who brought you into being from the earth and made you inhabit it.” [Surah Hud: 61]

And He the Almighty says: “He has subjected all that is in the heavens and the earth for your benefit, as a gift from Him. There truly are signs in this for those who reflect.” [Surah Al-Jathiyah: 13]

Therefore, the whole universe is a domain where man can exercise his powers of intellect without any prohibition or opposition to his thought provided that it, for the welfare of mankind. Everything that benefits mankind or entails prosperity and wellbeing is encouraged by Islam. 

The Qur’an and the Hadiths of the Prophet are the two sources of the Faith of Islam, and to follow the religious rulings and observances stated in them is compulsory upon every Muslim. However, he is perfectly free to think, meditate, ponder, and study everything in the world in which he lives.

This is what the Prophet referred to when he said:  “You people are better acquainted with the affairs of the world in which you live.”

Freedom of thought and academic or scientific research is guaranteed by Islam, provided that it does not violate the sanctity of faith, beliefs and divine texts such as the Qur’an and the Hadiths of the Prophet (Peace be upon him). Any attempt to change, distort, add, omit, or ridicule any of these noble texts is not only forbidden but is also an unforgivable sin. For the rest, everything in the world may be researched, studied, or investigated.

* Reasoning in the Qur’an
Dear servants of Allah! The Qur’anic verses that talk about mind and its derivatives and all related issues are close to one thousand verses in our noble Book. Allah the Almighty says:
“will they not then understand?” [Surah Yasin :68]
“Do they not look.” [Surah Al-Ghashiyah :17]
“Will you not be admonished?” [Surah Al-An’am :80]
* Man is a mind with recognition, a loving heart and a mobile body

Dear brothers and sisters! You all know that man is a mind with recognition, a loving heart and a mobile body, and he should fulfill the mind’s need with knowledge, the heart’s needs with love and the body’s needs with food and drinks, and he who fulfills these needs will excel, and he who fulfills a need while neglecting the others will deviate.

Man is a soul that is his entity, his own addresser, and his own blamer, the soul is the one that believes, disbelieves, sublimes, degrades, loves, hates, thanks, disowns, treats fairly, and pays effort.

Man’s soul is his entity, and it never dies, but tastes death which means death is a separation between man’s soul and the vessel it was in (the body), and this separation is because the divine supply comes to an end which is here the spirit (the divine supply).

To clarify: It is like electricity to a device, so is the soul when separated from the vessel it was in (the body) leading to death.

Don’t forget that this lamp goes dead either by cutting off the electric current or by smashing it while it is still connected to the current which resembles killing. So death is cutting off the supply, while killing is destroying the body so it won’t accept this divine supply and death occurs.

Anyhow, wisdom is to look after your soul as it is eternal, yet the western civilisation unfortunately, taking into account all its accomplishment, looks after the body only.

And those accomplishments are over after death, while Islamic civilisation accomplishments start with birth and never end and they last forever and ever.
There is a delicate truth, Allah the Most High says:
“Would that your Lord put an end to us!” he will say, “Nay, but you shall abide!” [Surah Al-Zukhruf :77]
The human being tastes death.
* Reasoning is a comprehending power fed by knowledge
Honourable brothers and sisters! Allah bestowed man with mind which is a comprehending power and a superior need for knowledge, and unless this need is fulfilled, man descends from his humane level to an unsuitable level.
Unless this superior need is fulfilled, unless man seeks the truth, the secret of his existence, the purpose for his existence, the mission he was burdened with by Allah, and the commandments he was charged with, and unless he asks where from and where to and why and take his time to find the truth, and unless he seeks knowledge, he will descend from his humane level to an unsuitable level.
There are two types of People: a knowledgeable one and a knowledge seeker and there is no good in any other.
And knowledge is better than wealth, for knowledge guards you while you have to guard wealth. Knowledge increases the actions, but wealth gradually decreases as it is spent. Those who amass wealth, though alive, are dead to realities of life, and those who achieve knowledge, will remain alive through their knowledge and wisdom even after their death, though their faces may disappear from the community of living beings, yet their ideas, the knowledge which they had left behind and their memory, will remain in the minds of people.
Remember that there are three kinds of people: one kind is of those learned people, the second is the kind of those who are acquiring the above knowledge and the third is that class of people who are uneducated. They follow every pretender and accept every slogan, they have neither acquired any knowledge nor have they secured any support of firm and rational convictions so my brother be careful that you are one of them.
These are the words of our Master Ali Ibn Abi Talib (may Allah be pleased with him).
Hence, reasoning is a comprehending power and unless you fulfill this need you will descend from a humane level and approach a Bohemian level, thus Allah the Almighty says:
“(They are things) dead, lifeless: nor do they know when they will be raised up.” [Surah Al-Nahl :21]
Also Allah the Most High says:
“They are only like cattle; nay, they are worse astray in Path.” [Surah Al-Furqan :44]
Allah the Most High again says:
“They are as (worthless as hollow) pieces of timber propped up, (unable to stand on their own).” [Surah al-Munafikun :4]
And He says:
“But you cannot make those to hear who are (buried) in graves.” [Surah Fatir :22]
Honourable brothers and sisters! You can’t assure your entity and your human nature unless you seek knowledge.
* The mind is a collection of principles
Dear brothers and sisters! What is the nature of mind? It is a collection of principles.
1. The first principle: causality
The first principle is causality as your mind is unable to comprehend anything without a reason for it, for example if you locked up the door of your house and no one has an extra key for this door, then you traveled after turning off all lights, but when you came back you saw from a distance through the windows the lights are ON in your house, in this case you would be unbelievably worried, and if your wife asked: why are you worried? Well who entered the house?
Because your mind won’t believe that those lights were turned on by themselves, and this mind won’t comprehend something without a reason.
Would your mind believe that a plane of the most developed designs was built up in scrap yard by placing dynamite and exploding it and as a result the plane was built?
Is there one in 2 billion chances that any human who would accept that?
The plane is an outcome of hundred years of expertise and engineers, experts in physics and chemical laws, in astronomy and machines, in motion, in wind resistance, and enormous amounts of money.
Would it be possible that a plane is built out of an explosion in a scrap yard?
That resembles saying that you planted a bomb in a printing press that has ink, letters and paper and you expect an awesome dictionary of 1000 pages, with sorted verbs in red colour, explanation in green colour, and a biography dictionary included, all this as an outcome of that explosion, is that possible?
Therefore mind would never accept anything without a cause that has a cause that has a cause, in sequence till you reach the Creator of causes (that is Allah the Almighty).
The Great Allah is in our minds leading us to Him, who is the Creator of causes? Allah the Almighty would be the answer.
Causality system is based on installing it by Allah in His creatures where the mind uses it to lead you to your Creator gradually, just like asking which is first the chicken or the egg. But who created the first chicken? It is the cause’s Creator (Allah).
His mind won’t comprehend something without a reason.
2. Second principle: purpose
Equally, mind can’t comprehend anything without a purpose, and would ask: why was this thing put here, what is the purpose?
Why the brain is in the skull? It is because the brain is the most dangerous and sensitive system in human being.
Why is there a fluid between the brain and the skull? Because it works as a shock absorbent.
Astronomers built their space ships imitating the brain for protection.
There is a fluid between the capsule where the astronomers are and the body of the ship so when a collision with an air layer occurs it spreads the shock all around the ship’s body.
When a child falls to the ground you can hear the thud of the collision between his head and the ground yet the brain remains intact and that is because of the shock absorbent fluid around the brain as it spreads the shock all around the brain area.
Why is the eye in a bony socket? If not, then anyone who falls to the ground would lose his sight, so the eye is in a fortified fortress. The purpose of putting the eye in a bony socket is to protect it, the purpose of putting the spinal cord in the vertebral column is to protect it, the purpose of putting the red cells generators (the most serious generator in human being) in the bone marrow is to protect it, the purpose of putting the womb (the place of rest, firmly fixed) in the pelvis is to protect it, and the purpose of putting the heart in the chest cage is to protect it.
Therefore thinking should be in the purpose and not in the cause; what is the purpose of putting the heart in the chest cage? If someone was hit severely on the chest, the bones will absorb it keeping the heart in fortified fortress. What is the purpose of sensory nerve’s absence in the hair? Because if they existed then every hair cut would need a hospital and an operation under full anesthesia. What is the purpose of sensory nerve’s existence in teeth? So if a decay reaches the sensory nerve you wouldn’t be able to sleep at night (because of pain) and you ought to go to the dentist and fix the decayed tooth or you will lose it.
If your mind wondered around thinking of purposes: why this joint is bent towards inside? What if it wasn’t a joint, what is the purpose of this joint? So you can eat, and if you didn’t have that joint you would need to lay face down to the ground to eat just like the cat.
Why there are muscles in the bladder? So it will void in a short time or else you would need fifteen minutes or half an hour to void the bladder if not for the contracting muscles. Why do you have a bladder? Because the kidney secrete one drop of urine every twenty seconds and if not for the bladder (where urine accumulate) you would be in need for diapers because the process will last for five hours.
Why does your mind reflect on your own creation? So you will know the greatness of Allah the Almighty.
Why Allah put in the infant’s spleen an amount of iron enough for two years? Because there is no iron in mother’s milk.
So subconsciously you think of the cause and the purpose.
Hence the human mind does not comprehend without reason or purpose.
3. Third principle: harmony
Contradiction is not accepted. Would you believe a man’s existence in Abuja and Lagos simultaneously?
Impossible, as mind rejects contradiction and would never comprehend anything without a reason and a purpose.
Yet the most remarkable thing is that universal laws are based on causality, purpose, and harmony, and unless there was a perfect match between the mind and universal laws, mind would freeze its great mission which is to know Allah the Almighty.
If the universe was without the principle of causality, and something existed suddenly without any reason that might confuse the mind, while on the other hand if the universe was based on principle of causality but the mind wasn’t, then you would say: since the cause is not a necessity for something to exist then this universe would have no creator as if you are asking: which comes first the chicken or the egg, but who created the first chicken? Who is the cause’s creator? It is Allah the Almighty.
Hence, Allah the Almighty, He who created causes, takes you gradually through the principle of causality to His entity, while through the principle of purpose will take you gradually to the objectives you are aiming at in everything around you.
The cow produces ten times of milk more than its calf needs, the question to be is: Whom is this milk for? Allah the Almighty says:
“And cattle He has created for you (men).” [Surah Al-Nahl :5]
If you read on about the topic of the three principles of causality, purpose and harmony, you would realise that reasoning is a means to know Allah, and the remarkable thing is that the perfect match between reasoning and universal laws is the reason behind the high effectiveness of reasoning.
* The mission of mind is limited
But the mind has a limited mission, how is that?
It is like if you have a super market with a very advanced and expensive scale in it geared up with memories, but though it is so advanced yet its mission is limited as it weighs only objects that vary between five grams and five Kilograms, and if you wanted to weigh your car with this scale and you put it on the ground and ran over it you would break it.
Can you say in this case that the scale is no good because it broke?, we would tell you it is your fault as you used it oppositely to what it was made for.
Dear brothers and sisters! When one of us enters the university campus he will realise (with his mind) all its features such as the luxurious nature of the buildings, its lush gardens, marvelous halls with their sound proof walls, luxurious seats, mobile boards, sound amplifiers, and projectors, its dormitories, administration buildings, laboratories, auditoriums, and theatres, but are you able to know who is the dean? Impossible.
Are you able to know what are the bylaws, on which it is determined which student to accept, expel or dismiss? Impossible.
The mind isn’t enough it needs authentic news so we need the mind and we need reporting.
* The three circles of knowledge and their means
The circles of knowledge are of three kinds: the knowledge of tangible nature, the knowledge of intellectual nature, and the knowledge of divine reporting. Read them as follows:
1. Tangible knowledge: obtained by the five senses
The lamp glows while the fan’s sound is audible, and this is a brown colour, while this is carved wood, so the five senses are the only certainty means in the materialistic field or their extensions such as Microscope or Telescope, so every thing of materialistic nature is realised by the five senses, and absolutely there is no disagreement over this field.
2. Intellectual knowledge: obtained by the mind
The certainty means of the intellectual field is the mind which mission is to see a materialistic thing or to see the traces of materialistic thing and judge it without seeing it.
For example if the mind saw foot prints it would say: foot prints are traces of walking, and when it saw a small stream of water it would say: it is a trace of a brook, and if it saw a dung it would say there is a cattle, or if it saw smoke behind a wall it would say: there is no smoke without fire, and this is the mission of the mind as it believes in something when it is given its traces, it is the means to believe in things with veiled entity but obvious traces.
The glowing lamp and the speaker’s sound are traces of electricity, so the mission of the mind is limited to this field. Therefore the certainty means of anything with visible entity and traces like this glass is the five senses, you touch the glass with your hand and feel if it was hot or cold, while you see it with your eyes, and if it has a sound you listen to it with your ears, so the certainty means of the materialistic thing that has a visible entity and trace is the five senses.
But if we saw smoke without fire we would say: the fire entity is invisible while its trace is visible which is smoke but the mind judges and says: there is no smoke without fire.
3. Divine reporting: through revelation
When the entities and the traces of things are invisible the mind would become idle as this is beyond its mission and we call it the metaphysical field, the field of news from the ancient past, after death, and the angels.
Believing in angels and Jinn belongs to metaphysical field.
So again materialistic field is of things with visible entity and trace and is realised by the five senses, while the intellectual field is of things with invisible entity but visible trace and is realised by mind, but whatever has an invisible entity and trace, it is known by authentic news reported to us, and it is that obvious.
If you entered a house and you saw a pitcher or a glass of water, they would belong to the materialistic field.
If you saw a glowing lamp it is a trace of electricity and you would say: there is electricity in this house either from the public net or from a generator, but if you saw a closed closet you would never guess what is inside this closet no matter how much rational or intelligent you might be and if the owner of the house told you: I keep my precious books in this closet then you were told the news by him.
* Wisdom requires putting everything in its proper place
The certainty means of things with visible entity and trace is the five senses, while the certainty mean of things with invisible entity but visible trace is the mind, and the certainty mean of things with invisible entity and trace is the authentic news.
Your cleverness is to put any religious issue in its right place, but when you use your mind in the third field you will get it confused.
A man might say I don’t believe in Allah or bring me an evidence of angel’s existence, well there is none.
If he said I want a scientific evidence of angels, Jinn, or hereafter’s existence, well these are issues that have been reported.
* What is beyond reasoning is reported by Allah
There is a delicate issue, when a Da’iyah (missionary person) debates over metaphysical issues with someone who denies the existence of the religion, in this case he will be in a great confusion as he has no evidence for the mind, so your cleverness is to put any issue in its right place either it was materialistic, intellectual, or metaphysical.
Dear brothers and sisters! We should believe without doubt that no matter how sharp-sighted you are (sometimes you are told by a doctor that your eye’s rate of sharpness is 12 over 10 which means you can read the last row of letters and know all its directions because if you can read the row before last it gives you the rate of 10 over 10). But no matter how sharp sighted you are, it is useless without the light which is between you and the visible objects, so when a blind man sit with a sharp-sighted man in a dark room, both of them become equal.
As the eye is useless without a light that intermediates between it and the visible objects, so is the mind that is useless without a leading revelation, so light to the eye is like revelation to the mind, hence Allah the Most High says:
“For he thought and he plotted; And woe to him! How he plotted! Yes, woe to him! how he plotted! Then he looked round; Then he frowned and he scowled; Then he turned back and was haughty; Then said he: “This is nothing but magic, derived from of old; This is nothing but the word of a mortal! Soon will I cast him into Hellfire! And what will explain to you what Hellfire is? Naught doth it permit to endure, and naught doth it leave alone! Darkening and changing the colour of man! Over it are Nineteen.” [Surah Al-Mudathir :18-30]
The Qur’anic verse means that the human mind will go astray without celestial revelation, and this is exactly what we suffer most about the western civilisation as they use the mind only and for that they are in deep darkness while the Muslims are sleeping in the sun light.
* The justifiable mind and the straightforward mind
We have two kinds of minds, a straightforward mind and a justifying mind. the straightforward mind is the one which leads you to the truth while the justifying mind is the one that is used for what it was not created to do.., how?
To elaborate: imagine you have a very expensive printer that would let you gain lot of money if you used it to design covers, cards, calendars, and diaries, yet if you used it to produce counterfeit money you would end up in jail.
So the same machine could be used in high paid artistic commercial work or could be used in unlawful job then it would be the reason of putting you in prison.
Thus, mind without revelation might be dooming to its owner. Allah the Almighty says:
“We will drag him by the forelock.” [Surah al-Alaq :15]
The forelock is the place where decisions and judgments are made.
“A lying, sinful forelock!.” [Surah al-Alaq :16]
So when man takes the wrong decision his mind is held responsible for it.
To explain: if a person owns a very expensive house and he sold it for foreign currency and he has a device in his pocket to detect the counterfeit money (which shows an orange light for the genuine money and another colour for counterfeit money), but when he sold his house for hard currency he didn’t use this device. This device resembles the mind, now in his other pocket there is a list of the counterfeit money’s numbers and this resembles the Islamic law, so this man neither used his mind nor applied the Islamic law so it took him by surprise that the whole sum was counterfeited and he lost his house because of his own bad judgment.
Hence dear brothers and sisters, a straightforward mind leads you to the good, success, prosperity, belief in Allah, obedience to Allah, to be of service to mankind, and closeness to Allah, whereas the justifying mind is like occupying a country claiming that you are doing so for liberty and democracy, while the facts show the otherwise as you despoiled its fortunes, and killed people without consideration, hence, the justifiable mind is very dangerous, degraded, and disreputable.
This kind of mind covers lust, twisted desires, and degradation, and whenever you sit down with a sinner and you listen to his justification for his actions, you know that he is using his justifying mind, and whenever you meet a wise, pious, and believing man, you know that he is using his straightforward mind.
Therefore righteousness is a circle where four lines intersect: the authentic reporting, straightforward mind, pure instinct, and objective reality.
Dear brothers and sisters! As I said a while ago, when you use your brain opposite to what it was created for, it will be devastating. Allah the Almighty says:
“For he thought and he plotted; And woe to him! How he plotted!” [Surah Al-Mudathir :18-19]
But the mind is inspired by heavenly revelation, and by the instructions of the wise creator.
* Mind is a mean to reach Allah but not to comprehend Him
Mind could be your means to find Allah, yet it is incapable of comprehending Him, Allah the Most High says:
“Nor shall they compass aught of His knowledge except as He will.” [Surah Al-Baqarah :255]
It is the same as if you rode a vehicle to take you to the shore yet you can’t sail with it deep in the sea, and as I have just said, anything that your mind is incapable of comprehending was reported by Allah.
As if your mind is a horse that you ride to the front door of the Sultan but when you enter his palace you do that alone without the horse, so with your mind you find Allah but if He ordered you, that order should be carried out by you to the letter.
Another example: When a man tried to find a physician who is highly experienced, sincere, qualified, and with exceptional credentials, so when he found him (by using his mind) he was told not to eat salt, in this case he can’t argue with him because he used his mind to find him and he should carry out his order in accordance to his belief in him as a highly qualified doctor.
* Our lives as well as our minds have a lot of red lines the most important which is:
“Reflect on Allah’s creations not on Allah’s Entity or you will be doomed.” [Al-Jami’ Al-Saghir, narrated by Ibn Abbas]
The mind is incapable of comprehending Allah’s entity as I have just mentioned and the mind is material oriented so Allah’s entity can’t be comprehended by the mind and if someone used his mind to contemplate on Allah’s entity he would be ruined, imbalanced and may be he would go crazy. The Prophet (Peace be upon him) said:
“Reflect on Allah’s creations not on Allah’s entity or you will be doomed.”
Therefore there are red lines that the mind shouldn’t cross.
Dear brothers and sisters! Being smart does not mean that you tell religion doubters reported issues, because if you did you will be in big trouble as they will not comprehend the meaning of a reported matter which means that their minds are absolutely incapable of looking into it, as to them, it is a mere reported matter.
* Reasoning and Divine reporting
1. Mind’s ability to comprehend is limited
The greatness of Islam is that it is moderate, as it doesn’t cancel the mind like other religions nor does it control it, and it was said: faith ranks above mind, and if religion was controlled by mind as in the western world you would be extremist and if the mind was controlled by the religion you would be Mu’tazilah (school of speculative that proceeded to posit that the injunctions of Allah are accessible to rational thought theology and inquiry) so if you canceled the mind you would be canceling the mean to know Allah, so Islam is moderate.
Honourable brothers and sisters! When we exaggerate about what the mind’s worth then we are making it an absolute mean for knowledge yet a limited one too.
One more time, if we have a delicate and expensive scale geared up with fantastic properties yet its use is limited to weights between five grams and five kilograms where it highly functions, but if you used it beyond its limits it would fail you, it is the same as the mind which is limited.
The mind has to see a material thing and judge it, or see the trace to reach the effecter, and to see the wisdom to reach the wise.
Mind should see foot prints to realise there was someone walking, to see the building to reach the builder, and to see a system to know the organiser, therefore the mind is limited to this mission that is to comprehend something visible in trace yet invisible in entity.
If you entered the university in the time when no classes are taking place, and you looked attentively to the halls, auditoriums, gardens, laboratories, administration, dormitories, location, overview, and public services that evaded all past defects, you will come up with thousands of facts about the university designers and their qualifications and taste of beauty but you will never know who is the dean just from the structure of the university, nor the administration system, passing system, or tuitions as these things need a document.
2. Mind is complemented with the revelation
Mind is complemented with revelation, this means anything that is beyond its comprehension, was told by revelation, so your mind deduces that this universe must have a Creator, and then comes the revelation to say:
“See they not that Allah, Who created the heavens and the earth.” [Surah Al-Ahqaf :33]
Mind can notice delicate facts such as: life is short, shares are different, there are both weak and strong, rich and poor, handsome and ugly, passionate and harsh, tyrant and the tyrannised, bossy and the controlled, exploiter and the used, and life is short and when death occurs everything is over, this is unacceptable by mind as there should be another life to settle injustice so the revelation comes and says:
“Believe in Allah and the Last Day.” [Surah Al-Tawbah :99]
It is mentioned in revelation that there is another life and a day of judgment when injustices are settled:
“Master of the Day of Judgment.” [Surah Al-fatiha :4]
Hence, anything beyond your mind’s comprehension was told by Allah, so the mind integrates with revelation.
3. The relation between mind and revelation
This is a very important matter and again I ask: what is the relation between mind and revelation?
The mind is reality oriented whereas revelation is absolute truth oriented, and I’ve mentioned in a previous sermons, as I remember, that a man who died fifty years ago, would never believe that fifty years later the world will be able to put 7000 books on one disk, as he would never believe that you will be able to communicate with the whole world through a small device (mobile phone), but now all this is acceptable, so the mind is reality oriented while revelation is absolute truth oriented, for that, revelation is the source and the mind is the mean to comprehend it and to authenticate the text.
The relation between mind and reporting is that mind comes before reporting to authenticate the text and after reporting to comprehend it and this is all into it.
4. Mind doesn’t contradict with reporting
Yet, honourable brothers and sisters! Mind can never contradict with reporting for a simple reason that is mind is a balance Allah installed in us, while reporting is either Allah’s words or statements of the infallible Prophet Muhammad (Peace be upon him) as they are both two branches of one root so when they conflict with each other it would be because one of them wasn’t proved, so we could have fabricated text that conflicts with the mind which is possible or an unproved scientific theory that could conflict with revelation, but when there is conclusiveness in reporting and mind then they both should be correlative with each other, because they are two branches of one root which is considered as the greatest privilege in this our great religion (Islam).
Our Islam is scientific, and the mind never said no to anything that was brought by this religion, yet it says “no” thousands of times to any earthly religion or sect as time passes by, this is one thing.
* Reflecting on the universe is the shortest way to know Allah
Dear brothers and sisters! I always repeat the following: reflecting on the creation of heavens and earth is the widest gate to approach Allah, and the shortest way to Him, because that puts you face to face with Allah’s greatness, and if I say: “mind” and I might mean intellect, so reflecting on the creation of heavens and earth is the reason to know Allah.
Praise be to Allah, the Lord of the Worlds.
This Jumu’ah Khutbah (Friday Sermon) was prepared for delivery today Friday, Jumada Al-Ula 11, 1440 AH (January 18, 2019), by Imam Murtadha Muhammad Gusau, the Chief Imam of Nagazi-Uvete Jumu’ah and the late Alhaji Abdur-Rahman Okene’s Mosques, Okene, Kogi State, Nigeria. He can be reached via: or +2348038289761.

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Saudi Arabia’s Banning Of Street Begging And The Position Of Begging In Islam, By Imam Murtada Gusau

In the name of Allah, the Most Merciful, the Grantor of Mercy
All praise is for Allah. We praise Him, we seek His aid and we ask for His forgiveness. We seek Allah’s refuge from the evils of ourselves and from our evil actions. Whosoever Allah guides, there is no one who can misguide him; and whosoever Allah misguides, there is no one who can guide him.
I testify that none has the right to be worshipped except Allah, alone, who has no partner; and I testify that Muhammad (Peace be upon him) is His slave and Messenger.
Dear brothers and sisters! Begging in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia and in our country, Nigeria has become a lucrative pastime and even the least entrepreneurial can rake in a monthly income of about $15,000 and N50,000 respectively.
Beggars can be seen all over oil-rich Saudi Arabia, especially during the holy month of Ramadan.
A recent study revealed that many beggars are either Umrah or Hajj visa over-stayers or undocumented workers who illegally cross into the Kingdom.
Begging is strictly banned in Saudi Arabia and other Gulf oil producers. A large number of beggars, mostly foreigners, have been arrested and deported by these countries.
It is forbidden to beg in any form and for whatever reasons. Violators will be arrested and legal action will be taken against them according to the law. The regulations state that if the beggar happens to be a citizen of the Kingdom and arrested for the first time, he will be handed over to the competent authorities for medical and psychological examination, checks on his marital status, and taking the necessary measures to remedy his case and handing him over to his family if he is a minor. If the beggar is a foreigner, he will be arrested immediately and will undergo investigation in order to take necessary measures to deport him from the Kingdom.
Dear brothers and sisters! The Religion of Islam puts great emphasis on making effort and earning one’s own living rather than going out to ask others for it for no reason. It also devises a well balanced Muslim society for all where everyone gets its due share. Those who are rich are directed to help out others in need through an obligatory action of Zakah (Charity). Allah the Almighty says in the Noble Qur’an:
“And from their properties was [given] the right of the [needy] petitioner and the deprived.”
The above mentioned Qur’anic verse tells us about the great standing of believers who have enough wealth in the worldly life and those who take care of the disadvantaged people through it. The Prophet Muhammad (Peace be upon him) has described the condition of actual poor people in the following words.
Narrated Abu Hurairah (RA) that:
“The poor person is not the one who goes round the people (begging them) and is dismissed with one or two morsels, and one or two dates. The poor is that who has not enough (money) to satisfy his needs; his condition is not known to others that they may give him something in charity, nor does he beg of people.” [Bukhari and Muslim]
This Saying of Prophet Muhammad (Peace be upon him) clearly explains the true state of a poor person. The concept of poverty in the Religion of Islam depends upon the fact that how much less one owns in order to suit its daily life necessities. A deprived individual is the one who does not make his current situation of scarcity public in front of others and avoids pleading for fulfillment of his requirement from others.
Respected brothers and sisters! In order to further elaborate this delicate matter of begging in Islam, let us explain it further in the light of Qur’an and Sunnah:
* Self-Contentment Defying the Act of Imploring
Among many signs of a true believer is that he never complains in front of the Almighty Lord, he remains thankful to Him and always maintains a state of self-satisfaction with whatever he has got. This is because a rightful disciple of Islam knows about the temporariness of life on earth which leads to its contentment with everything Allah has bestowed upon it throughout its existence. The Gracious Allah says in His Sacred Scripture:
“[Charity is] for the poor who have been restricted for the cause of Allah, unable to move about in the land. An ignorant [person] would think them self-sufficient because of their restraint, but you will know them by their [characteristic] sign. They do not ask people persistently [or at all]. And whatever you spend of good – indeed, Allah is Knowing of it.” [Qur’an, 2: 273]
One can obviously observe from the previously stated Qur’anic lines in which the Creator of the universe appreciates those of His servants who do not go out and ask others for their needs because of their self-restraint and being gratified with all they have. For these kinds of people, Allah the Most High has instructed the prosperous ones to help them with Zakah as they will conceal their misery through patience but they are the ones who actually in need of Charity.
* Accepting Goods Given As A Gift
It is clear from the earlier discussion that the believers do not publicly announce about their position of despair in front of others so that they could get aided; instead they keep it between them and their Creator. But it is also not advisable to refuse any offer from someone else who gives it as a present to them. The Messenger of Allah (Peace be upon him) once advised His Rightful Companion, Khalifah Umar (RA) on this matter as discussed in the Hadith below:
“The Messenger of Allah (Peace be upon him) gave Umar Ibn Al-Khattab some gift. Umar said to him: ‘Messenger of Allah! Give it to one who needs it more than I.’ Upon this the Messenger of Allah (Peace be upon him) said: He who begs the riches of others to increase his own is asking only for live coals (fire), so let him ask a little or much ‘‘Take it; either keep it with you or give it as a charity, and whatever comes to you in the form of this type of wealth, without your being avaricious or begging for it, accept it, but in other circumstances do not let your heart hanker after it.’’ [Muslim]
Thus, the Messenger of Allah (Peace be upon him) permitted with the approval of the Almighty Lord to accept anything beneficial that is being given voluntarily without one having to ask for it. One is also not allowed to crave for something that is not being awarded to it as it will be considered as an act of begging under normal circumstances.
* Correct Way of Treating Beggars
Islam has strictly forbidden from asking others for money or any other riches rather one has to earn its income by its own effort. According to a Prophetic Saying narrated by Abu Hurairah (RA):
“It is better for one among you to bring a load of firewood on his back and give charity out of it (and satisfy his own need) and be independent of people, than that he should beg from people, whether they give him anything or refuse him. Verily the upper hand is better than the lower hand, and begin (charity) with your dependants.” [Muslim]
Therefore, anyone who has enough capacity that he can take care of his own issues should never ask others for affluence rather he should go out, become self-determining and make a living on his own so that he might even be able to aid others. In the end, the Messenger of Allah (Peace be upon him) has regarded the charitable person being superior to the one that is being contributed. It means one should continue the good work of making donations to the poor for the sake of pleasing the Almighty Lord. Allah the Most High says in the Noble Qur’an:
“So as for the orphan, do not oppress [him]. And as for the petitioner, do not repel [him].” [Qur’an, 93: 9-10]
It shows that a believer is not allowed to keep away someone just because that person is asking for a favour. This is because one does not actually know about the actual reason of the beggar behind his request. Thus, one should treat them in a pleasant manner, give them charity and avoid from offending them.
* Permissibility Of Begging Under Special Conditions
Asking for material goods from the rich is not allowable if this act is being done just for the sake of accumulating wealth for personal gains. This kind of deed is strictly prohibited by the Noble Prophet Muhammad (Peace be upon him) for it is only a source of collecting money for quenching one’s thirst of greed.
“He who begs the riches of others to increase his own is asking only for live coals (fire), so let him ask a little or much.” [Muslim]
The above mentioned Hadith eloquently explains about the serious consequences of asking for one’s self-indulgence in materialistic increase. But not every person is asking for something deliberately without having much reason behind doing so. The Messenger of Allah (Peace be upon him) has prescribed the act of requesting other’s help under three particular circumstances which are described in the following Hadith:
One who has undertaken a Hamalah (pledged money for reconciliation between two persons), for him begging is permissible till he pays that off, after which he must stop it; A man whose property has been destroyed by a calamity which has smitten him, for him begging is permissible till he gets what will support his life; And a person who has been smitten by poverty the genuineness of which is confirmed by three intelligent members of his people. For him begging is permissible till he gets what will support him.
From Qabisah Ibn Mukhariq al-Hilali (May Allah be pleased with him) who said: It was narrated that Qabisah Ibn Mukhariq al-Hilali said: I incurred a debt (in order to reconcile between two parties) and I came to the Messenger of Allah (Peace be upon him) to ask him (for help) with it. He said: “Stay with us until the Zakah comes, and we will order that something be given to you.” Then he said: “O Qabisah, asking for help (begging) is not permissible except in one of three cases: a man who has incurred a debt (in order to reconcile between two parties), for whom it is permissible to ask for help until he has paid it off, then he should refrain; a man who has been stricken by a calamity that has destroyed all his wealth, for whom it is permissible to ask for help until he gets enough to get by – or he gets enough to meet his basic needs; and a man who is stricken by poverty and three men of wisdom among his people acknowledge that so and so has been stricken by poverty, then it becomes permissible for him to ask for help until he gets enough to get by – or to meet his basic needs. Apart from these cases asking for help, O Qabisah, is haram and the one who begs is consuming something haram.” [Narrated by Ahmad, Muslim, an-Nasa’i and Abu Dawud]
Thus, there are three conditions under which the act of asking others is permissible beyond which it is forbidden: having promised a portion of money for the sake of settlement between two parties till it has been paid off; a miserable state of a person because he has lost all his capital and assets due to a natural disaster till he can sustain his life; and a person who’s dearth of wealth has been confirmed by three trust worthy individuals till that someone is able to make his situation better. It shows that Islam is not a rigid religion on the matter of asking others rather it gives enough room for it when there is no other way of survival.
In short, begging is not a desirable action according to the Religion of Islam, but only allowed in severe form of need. The rich also have the responsibility to search for such deprived people in the society to help them through charity in order to relieve them from their misery.
Praise be to Allah, the Ever-Living, Who does not die, and Peace and Blessings upon our Prophet Muhammad and upon all his family and Companions.
Written by your Brother:
Imam Murtada Muhammad Gusau, from Okene, Kogi State, Nigeria. He can be reached through: or +2348038289761.
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Whoever Is Killed Defending His Country/Land Is A Martyr, By Imam Murtada Gusau

In The Name Of Allah, The Most Gracious The Most Merciful
All praise and thanks are due to Allah, and peace and blessings be upon His Messenger (Peace be upon him).
Dear Brothers and Sisters! In Islam, martyrdom is one of the great ambitions of a true believer. This is because dying as a martyr entails abundant rewards designated for such persons in the Hereafter. Abdullah Ibn Umar (May Allah be pleased with him) quoted the Prophet (Peace be upon him) as saying:
“Martyrs are forgiven their sins, except debts.”
The phrase “except debts” also relates implicitly to usurpation of people’s rights, unjustified killing, and so on.
It suffices here to quote the Divine Promise for martyrs as stated in the following Qur’anic verses:
“Think not of those, who are slain in the way of Allah, as dead. Nay, they are living. With their Lord they have provision. Jubilant (are they) because of that which Allah hath bestowed upon them of His bounty, rejoicing for the sake of those who have not joined them but are left behind; that there shall no fear come upon them neither shall they grieve. They rejoice because of favour from Allah and kindness, and that Allah wasteth not the wage of the believers.” [Al-Imran 3: 169-71]
There are basically two broad categories of martyrs (Shuhadah) in Islam, firstly, those who have died fighting for the cause of Allah (i.e., in legitimate jihad or legitimate war), and secondly, those who have died being succumbed to certain types of ailments or calamities, not of their own making. The second group, although not recognised and treated as martyrs in this world, will receive rewards of martyrs in the Hereafter. As for a list of people of this category, we find a number of traditions – although not contradictory – such as the following:
1. In a report jointly reported by Imams Al-Bukhari and Muslim, the Prophet (Peace be upon him) mentioned five types of martyrs:
“One who dies in a plague, one who dies of intestinal ailments, one who dies of drowning, one who dies under a collapsed building, and one who dies as a martyr in jihad (or any legitimate war).”
2. Imams Ahmad, Abu Dawud, An-Nasa’i, and others stated that the Prophet (Peace be upon him) said:
“There are seven martyrs.”
Having said this, he added the following to the list mentioned above:
“…one who dies in a fire” and “…a woman who dies during child-birth.”
3. A third report states that the Prophet (Peace be upon him) said:
“Whoever dies while defending his own possessions is a martyr; whoever dies defending his own person is a martyr; whoever dies guarding his own faith is a martyr; whoever dies fighting in order to defend his own family is a martyr; whoever dies defending his homeland is also a martyr.”
4. In a report by an-Nasa’i, the Prophet (Peace be upon him) said:
“Whoever fights to protect his rights and dies in the process is a martyr.”
Imam Ibn Hajar states that:
“We can conclude from these traditions (Hadiths) that martyrs are of two types: Those who are recognised as martyrs in this world, and those who are recognised as martyrs only in the Hereafter. A martyr recognised in this world is one who has died fighting in the cause of Allah without having retreated from the battle. But those who are recognised only in the Hereafter are those upon whom the laws of martyrdom are not applicable in this world, although they merit rewards of martyrdom.”
And according to Imam an-Nawawi:
“The second category of martyrs will receive rewards of martyrdom, and yet unlike the martyrs of jihad, they will be bathed (before burial) and prayed over.”
From the above discussion, however, one is advised not to jump to the conclusion that everyone who dies in similar circumstances as mentioned above will automatically merit rewards of martyrdom. Such an inference is not valid, since Allah’s acceptance of a person ultimately depends on his or her state of faith, Iman or sincerity as well as upon the way he or she has responded to the will of Allah at the time of death. The Prophet (Peace be upon him) said:
“A person is raised up in the Hereafter in the state he has passed away.”
Respected Brothers and Sisters! I urge myself first and all of you to obey Allah, fear Him and be submissive to Him. Verily, Allah, Exalted is He, has declared the truth in His Noble Book. He said:
“O you who have believe, persevere and endure and remain stationed and fear Allah that you may be successful.” [Ali-Imran, 200]
Dear Brothers and Sisters! Our country, our nation is our cradle where we lives, acquaints ourselves with its elements and enjoys its vicinity. As such anyone who has loves his country all throughout his life must be sincere in building it and protecting it. In this sense, founding nations and civilisations is more than a mission; rather it is a covenant that only people in whom Allah invests honesty can fulfill. That is why people take to defend their country naturally and willingly. Some would sacrifice their life and this is the utmost form of generosity. Some would sacrifice their time, their knowledge, their children or their wealth, while others would do all of these and even more.
In Surah An-Naml (The Ants), the Noble Quran tells the story of a group of people who proposed to their Queen to defend their land, capitalising on their might and strong will. Allah the Almighty said:
“They said, ‘we are men of strength and of great military might, but the command is yours, so see what you will command’.” [An-Naml, 33]
Some scholars explained that the speakers in this verse were ready to defend their kingdom, their land and their nation by hinting at using wisdom, knowledge and force. Yet while taking this stance, they let this matter to the Queen (their leader) with full belief in her prudent opinion. In so doing, they were all set to follow her orders.
As an outcome, she led them to safety, thanks to her wisdom and good sense of judgment. This incident highlights the value of obedience, making it a beneficial lesson, especially for the young ones who are the safety valve for any nation.
Dear Brothers and Sisters! Know that safeguarding our country from the evil of terrorists is an honour like no other. Its unique status was stressed by the Prophet Muhammad (Peace be upon him) when he said:
“Shall I tell you about a night better than Lailatul Qadr (The Night of Decree), [It is when] a guard, a soldier, an army who is on watch in a fearful place and who are perhaps may not return to his family.”
So congratulations to our gallant soldiers who are away from their families, our gallant troops, staying up all night so that we can sleep (peacefully). They died such that we live. They battle the cold so that their people and nation remain stable and secure. Because of their sacrifice they earn a higher rank. May their souls rest in perfect peace, ameen.
On the narration of Ata Bin Al-Munzir that Umar Bin Al-Khattab (May Allah be pleased with him), told his Companions:
“Who amongst people shall have greater reward?” They said those who fast and pray, mentioning so and so. Thereupon, he said: “Shall I inform you about the most rewarded of all those you mentioned?” They said: “Yes please.” He said: “A man reins his horse and guards people, not knowing if there is a predator around to prey on him, a venomous snake to bite him, or an enemy to assault or attack him. This is a greater recompense than those you mentioned.”
Moreover, it is mentioned in a Prophetic Hadith that the watchful eye on people’s rights, one that guards the borders of the nation and obeys Allah will, by His grace, not be touched by the Hellfire.
Ibn Abbas narrated that he heard the Messenger of Allah (Peace be upon him) saying:
“There are two eyes that shall not be touched by the Hellfire: an eye that wept from the fear of Allah, and an eye that spent the night standing on guard in the cause of Allah.”
Knowing this, anyone, who desires the great reward, should be content with what Allah has prepared for him while he defends his nation, whether in land, sea or sky. It was narrated by Sahl Bin Sa’ad (May Allah be pleased with him) that Allah’s Messenger (Peace be upon him) said:
“Guarding the frontier (Ribat) for a day in the cause of Allah is better than the world and all what is in it.”
In the same regard, Abdullah Bin Amr (May Allah be pleased with him) said:
“I would rather love to stay up all nights guarding and be afraid in the way of Allah, the most Exalted, than giving one hundred camels as charity.”
Dear Brothers and Sisters! For the cause of defending the nation one can sacrifice his life, give money or make achievements. An example of this Noble mission was taken by a group of people who were praised in the Quran when they offered their wealth to protect their land from temptations and threats. The Quranic verse read as follows:
“They said, ‘O Zul-Qarnain, indeed Yajuj (Gog) and Majuj (Magog) are [great] corrupters in the land. So may we assign for you expenditure that you might make between us and them a barrier?” [Al-Kahf, 94]
Ibn Abbas (May Allah be pleased with him), said:
“The expenditure refers here to, the money which people wanted to collect amongst themselves and give it out to Zul-Qarnain in return for erecting a barrier to keep their enemies away and under control.”
Also, protecting the land can be achieved by serving it across all of its institutions and by being dedicated to performing work as it ought to be done. Thus one has to be sincere about discharging his responsibilities, and should work on protecting the reputation of his nation. Failing to do so is failing to defend the nation and this is against what our beloved Prophet (Peace be upon him) said:
“Every one of you is a guardian and responsible for what is in his custody.”
My beloved soldiers! Wallahi protecting the nation is a responsibility that requires commitments, including praying for the nation and the leaders. On this matter a respected scholar from our pious predecessors (Salaf) said:
“If I have an (confirmed) accepted supplication I will pray it for the leader.”
Let us then pray to our Lord to confer upon our great country, Nigeria, goodness and prosperity as well as continuing safety and security. Doing this is one of the signs of loyalty and sincere sense of belonging. It also reflects the Prophets traditions and manners. The Prophet Ibrahim (AS), for example, prayed for his land saying:
“My Lord, make this city (Makkah) secure.” [Ibrahim, 35]
Also Prophet Muhammad (Peace be upon him) on his part, supplicated for his land as he said:
“O Allah, bless us in our mudd; O Allah, bless us in our Saa’; O Allah, bless with this blessing two more blessings.”
With this in mind, you are urged to pray for your nation and supplicate to Allah to protect it and bless it with His generous favours.
May Allah bless our country with continued bounties and keep it safe from all sorts of evil.
Dear Brothers and Sisters! Be aware that you are asked to obey Him, the Almighty, as it ought to be, by observing Him in private and in public and know that it falls on us to contribute effectively in educating our children on the love of their nation. It is our responsibility to prepare them during the peacetime to be the builders of their country’s civilisation and glories and in need stand as the shield of protection. This is because they are the renewable source of energy from which the country draws its strength and resistance. In this regard, Umar Bin Al-Khattab, (May Allah be pleased with him) said:
“Teach your children swimming, archery (Shooting) and horse-riding.”
Let us all salute and pray for the defenders of our nation; our armed forces, our gallant troops, who ensure safety and security so that everyone can enjoy a stable and serene life. No wonder then if they are referred to as the wealth of this nation, its impervious fort, a symbol of its union, a source of its pride and pillar of its security. In fact without their role we could not have reached such a progress and steady prosperity at all levels. We truly appreciate their unyielding efforts in protecting the nation and its gains, for whose cause they offer their lives.
My respected people! Islam is a religion of forgiveness and leniency. It appeals to people, and let them accept it. Thus it comes to emphasise good morals, lay the foundations of moderation, safeguard human rights, and establish such finest cultural values of unity, coexistence, tolerance and solidarity. Then there has emerged the eternal message of mercy and peace for all mankind. Allah the Most High said:
“And We have not sent you, [O Muhammad], except as a Mercy to the world.” [Al-Anbiya, 107]
In the same regard, our beloved Prophet Muhammad (Peace be upon him) said:
“Actually, I was awarded mercy (by Allah).”
This authentic principle is being thoroughly stressed in Islam as he (Peace be upon him) said:
“He who shows no mercy to the people, Allah, the Exalted and Glorious, does not show mercy on him.”
He (Peace be upon him) also said:
“Mercy is taken away only from him who is miserable.”
Mercy in Islam is a virtue that encompasses also other creatures besides humans. Ibn Mas’ud reported that:
“We were with the Messenger of Allah (Peace be upon him) during a journey. He went to ease himself. We saw a bird with her two young ones and we captured her young ones. The bird came and began to spread its wings. The Messenger of Allah (Peace be upon him) came and said: ‘who grieved this for its young ones? Return its young ones to it.”
If the Prophet (Peace be upon him) prohibited us to cause suffering and hardship to a bird by taking its little chicks, so what would be the case with someone who inflicts grievance on another by taking the life of his father, son, brother or relative?
We have to bear in mind that when we, Muslims, state that Islam is a religion of peace and mercy, we are not trying to prove something unreasonable or solve a crossword puzzle. Rather, we are just stating a fact backed by clear-cut evidence and unquestionable proofs. Even we don’t need to state this fact, for Islam, in itself, is self-explanatory, in terms of its meaning, its noble teachings and the core of its message conveyed by the Prophets Allah sent to mankind. At the same time, all peoples believe that peace and security should be attained through justice and equity.
Our merciful Prophet Muhammad (Peace be upon him) stood for funeral processions of non-Muslims to show his respect for humanity. He condemned the killing of civilians, even in the time of war. He refused to punish non-Muslims without enough evidence. He did not rule unjustly against a Jew in favour of a Muslim. He visited the sick among non-Muslims. He and his Companions gave and accepted gifts from non-Muslims. He ordered his followers to maintain the ties of kinship with non-Muslim relatives. He forgave the Jewish woman who poisoned him. He pardoned the Bedouin who wanted to kill him. He forgave the Quraish after the conquest of Makkah. He forgave the harsh treatment by the people of Ta’if. He forgave and prayed for Suraqa Bin Malik. He shows tolerance for a Jewish Rabbi. He is praying for his enemies even in the time of a battle. The concessions during the treaty of hudaibiyyah. He and the Jews of Madinah had a Constitution (Sahifah) for peaceful coexistence and mutual respect of rights between Muslims and Jews. He joined and endorsed a civil society organisation (Hilf al-Fudul). He would swallow his anger when provoked. He overlooked the shortcomings of others. He forgave treason. He prayed over the body of the leader of hypocrites, Abdullah Bin Ubay Bin Salul. His religion (Islam) permits some interfaith marriages. His love for his kind polytheist (Mushrik) uncle, Abu Talib. He received and allowed non-Muslims in his Mosque in Madinah. He received a loan from a Jew and gave his shield as collateral. He trusted a non-Muslim with his life.
With all these, it is heartbreaking to see the tolerant teachings of Islam and the Prophetic tradition being violated out of proportion. This has been undertaken by sinful groups taking to extremist views, insurgency, militancy and terrorism, and tarnishing the image of our tolerant religion. In total disregard of religious dictates and in cruelest manner, they unleash havoc, shedding blood and breaching sanctities. Disgracefully, they speak in the name of Islam and attribute their heinous crimes to it.
Nay they have utterly distorted Islam and its humanitarian ideals because they endorse an alien ideology that is contradictory to it. Truly, their radical attitude has killed their pure human nature and perceptions, rendering them insensible to morality and humanity. Can anybody then say that such crimes have anything to do with Islam? The answer to this question is capital NO!
Along this dark, unjust and deadly road, have walked those people who are penetrating unspeakable massacres; they kill others in cold blood and disfigure them. They have been tearing down buildings, spilling blood, violating integrities, assaulting and abducting women without respect to any of Islam’s commands, nor to any of human’s values or principles. Here again arises a question: where are they from those religious texts that condemn the crimes they do?
Where are they from the incident involving Usama Bin Zaid who raised his sword when he (the soldier of the polytheists) uttered: “there is no deity but Allah.” But he (Usama Bin Zaid) killed him. The Messenger of Allah (Peace be upon him) called for him and asked him why he had killed him. He (Usama Bin Zaid) said: “O Messenger of Allah, he struck the Muslims and killed such and such of them. And he even named some of them. I attacked him and when he saw the sword he said, ‘there is no deity but Allah’.” The Messenger of Allah (Peace be upon him) said: “did you kill him?” he (Usama Bin Zaid) replied in affirmative. He (the Noble Prophet) remarked: “what would you do with his: ‘there is no deity but Allah,’ when he would come (before you) on the Day of Judgment?” He (Usama Bin Zaid) said, “O Messenger of Allah, beg pardon for me (from your Lord).” He (the Noble Prophet) said, “what would you do with: ‘there is no deity but Allah’ when he would come before you on the Day of Judgment? He (the Noble Prophet) added nothing to it but kept saying, ‘what would you do with: ‘there is no deity but Allah’ when he would come (before you) on the Day of Judgment? “The Prophet (Peace be upon him) kept on repeating that so often that I wished I had not embraced Islam before that day,” Usama Bin Zaid said.”
Where are they from the Hadith of the Prophet of mercy (Peace be upon him) saying that:
“A faithful believer remains at liberty regarding his religion unless he kills somebody unlawfully.”
Where are they from the severe warning contained in the words of the Prophet (Peace be upon him) that:
“For this world to be destroyed, that would be less significant before Allah than the unlawful killing of a believer or any other innocent person?”
Again where are they from the stern warning in the words of the Prophet (Peace be upon him) that:
“If the inhabitants of the heavens and the inhabitants of the earth all took part in shedding blood of a believer or any other innocent person, then Allah would cast them (all) in the Hellfire?”
How on earth can they ignore the Prophet’s instruction that:
“Whoever rebels against my Ummah, killing good and evil people alike, and does not try to avoid killing the believers, and does not pay attention to those who are under a covenant (non-Muslim), then he has nothing to do with me and I have nothing to do with him.”
So how will those people meet the Prophet (Peace be upon him) on the Day of Judgment while they did not respect the sanctity of his Ummah, and ignored his warnings, commands and orders?
As you can see, these verses and Hadiths denounce categorically all forms of extremism and terrorism, and stress the fact that it is against our tolerant religion and call for fighting it by all means.
Fellow Nigerians! Since militant ideology has reached this dark alarming level with their advocators having fallen deep in the abyss of impurity, losing sense of conscience and failing to listen to the voice of wisdom and comply with good guidance, then a firm and effective action must be taken. This is required in order to preserve the religion and the nation from such an alien system of thought and protect people from the evil posed by those extremists and their gruesome acts. For these reasons and others, addressing the harm caused by those terrorists by all possible means is legal and legitimate demand. May Allah save our nations from those corrupters and purify it from the extremists.
Fellow Nigerians! Please obey Allah as it ought to be by observing Him in private and in public and be aware that as the image of our religion and nation is being stained by those terrorist group’s actions, of ambushing and killing our gallant soldiers, killing innocent people, violating sanctities and taking other’s property, it is our duty to show to the world that this is contrary to the teachings of Islam and also contrary to our cultures. It is our duty to warn against any misleading Fatwa (verdicts or rules) that defends those corrupt groups or be deceived by it.
The responsibility rests as well with parents who need to protect their children from any intruding ideology and dangerous creed by educating them, following the true Islamic principles. The youth, boys and girls, for their part, must adhere to the guidance of genuine Islam and to beware of radical ideas and of those who spread them, especially through electronic social network media. They also must stand alert not to let themselves be lured to slogans and allegations disseminated by terrorist organisations and groups, which claim falsely glamorous slogans.
My Respected people! Terrorists launched attacks on our gallant troops, our gallant soldiers, the defenders of our nation, who surrendered their life, abandoned their family, so that we sleep peacefully and killed many of them. The attacks occurred in Borno State. We must strongly condemn these attacks and pray for our soldiers.
The terrorists have no respect for human life. They are very bad, disgust, unpleasant, despicable, cruel, vicious, sinful, atrocious, inhuman and barbaric people.
My sincere condolence goes out to the victims of all these terror attacks, where innocent people have been killed by these wicked people, murderers and blood suckers.
I am profoundly saddened by the loss of life and indiscriminate murder of our gallant soldiers and all innocent people. This criminal barbarity is Godlessness. Terrorism has no faith and cannot be condoned by any means, rationale or ideology. We must commit to each other to defeat it. Godless cowards attack unarmed, randomly selected, innocent people. Terrorists are sinful, immoral and barbaric criminals.
It is displeasing to hear the media call the like of ISIS, ISWAP, Al-Shabab, Al-Qa’idah, Taliban, Boko Haram, Ansaru etc, Islamic Jihadists. Neither are their actions from the Sunnah nor Islamically considered Jihad.
My thoughts and prayers are with the innocent victims and their families.
I ask Allah, the Lord of the worlds, to bring justice to these horrific situations, to recompense those who committed these murders with what they deserve, to bring those still at large to justice, and to rid the earth of these evil, treacherous, murderous lunatics, who do nothing but bring harm and corruption to the world.
O Allah, be with our brave soldiers as they fight against terror. Match forward o defenders of our nation, we are proudly behind you. Do not be weakened or scared, be courageous like a lion, be strong and stand for what is right, no matter how the challenges. Do not be scared. Be courageous and watch Nigeria begin the revival process, watch Nigeria rescued, and watch Nigeria being restored. We shall not be cowed; our sense of humanity shall trump, outrank and defeat their terror by the Grace of the Almighty Allah.
My heart, thoughts and prayers goes to the entire people of Nigeria, and to our gallant troops, and all the victims of terror and the victims of injustice any where they are. Be assured that terror will be defeated; terrorism will not win In shaa Allah!
It is a very sad story coming again from Metele, Borno State, home to the Nigerian Army 157 Task Force Battalion.
At least 118 soldiers were killed and 153 missing in the Sunday attack on 157 Task Force Battalion in Metele, Borno State Nigeria, according to the most-recent finding by the Premium Times online Newspaper.
 My heart bleeds for the parents of these soldiers. This is the height of irresponsibility on the military command and a shame on the Nigerian government. There is no word suitable to describe this. Playing foolish politics and spreading propaganda with peoples lives, only because their children are not in the combat zone?
Wallahi, in a descent society the minister of defense and all the military commands should have resigned and be made to account for the billions given to them to purchase arms. Any sane human being will shed tears for this horrendous act. May Allah (SWT) save Nigeria.
American servicemen served their country with honour, but it seems there is no honour serving this country. Leadership in this country is about lies, deceit, injustice materialism and opportunity. Service is not a thing of value in this country. The most unfortunate ones are toys in the hands of the oppressive few individuals. May Allah bring sane leadership with compassion to this country.
All their eyes are in 2019 elections. Let’s face these terrorists sincerely. Let’s give our soldiers the proper weapons to face the enemies. We all know that terrorism, insurgency and revolutions are not child’s play, they are governed by strong ideological beliefs. We are all students of military history, we should draw lessons from chairman Mao Tsetung, Fidel castro, Che Guevara, Samora machel and of recent cases Robert Mugabe and Nelson Mandela. What surprises me is that we train military officers in the Nigeria Defence Academy (NDA), and some in Sandhurst Military Academy, but yet they stick to static warfare, which is obsolete. Warfare today is about mobility and psychology not determined in trenches, this is the advantage Boko Haram has on the Nigerian  military. While they attack our weak points in trenches and run we remain put waiting as sitting ducks. You don’t use T55 tanks in mobile warfare, where a group of determined insurgents can surprise a superior force in static position, it is just unfortunate.
I continue to wonder what our officers are taught in the NDA. It is my belief, frontal attacks, withdrawal, flanking attacks, night attacks and tank warfare, these are obsolete in today’s scenario we are dealing with mobile warfare hit and run tactics. You can only get this experience when you have very strong ideological beliefs and determined individuals. When officers are used to comfort of mess life, drinking and partying with ladies they don’t become good materials for sustained mobile warfare, we have to critically reexamine the training at the Nigeria Defence Academy (NDA). Wallahul Musta’an!
Dear Brothers and Sisters! Bear in mind that you are asked to offer prayer and a greeting upon our most Noble Prophet Muhammad (Peace be upon him), for Allah says:
“Indeed, Allah and His angels sends blessing upon the Prophet. O you who have believed, ask [Allah to confer] blessing upon him and ask [Allah to grant him] peace.” [Al-Ahzab, 56]
On the same matter, the Prophet (Peace be upon him) said:
“For everyone who invokes a blessing on me will receive ten blessings from Allah.”
He also said:
“Nothing turns back the Decree except supplication.”
May the peace and blessings of Allah be upon our Master, Muhammad (Peace be upon him), his family, and all his Companions. May Allah be pleased with the Rightly Guided Caliphs: Abu Bakr, Umar, Uthman and Ali and all those who will follow them in righteousness till the Day of Judgment.
May Allah grant success to our Armed Forces and add strength to their strength. May Allah reward them abundantly, for the work they are rendering to their nation.
O Allah, we implore You at this instant not to let a sin unforgiven, a distress unrelieved, an illness unhealed or a handicapped without relief, a dead without mercy or a debt unsettled. Our Lord, give us in this world that which is good and in the Hereafter that which is good, and save us from the torment of the Hellfire.
O Allah, help us to succeed in these blessed days in every work we do to please you, O Lord of the Worlds.
O Allah, may we ask You to help us with what get us closer to Paradise and furthers us from Hellfire.
O Allah, we seek Your grace to admit us, our parents, our leaders and whoever has done a favour to us and all Muslims to Your Paradise.
O Allah, forgive all the Muslims, men and women living and dead, and make blessings follow us and them.
We pray to Allah, the Most Gracious, to preserve and protect all Nigerians from all temptations, both apparent and hidden, and continue blessing our nation and all countries with safety and security.
O Allah, make this our gathering one of compassion, and our dispersion after it one that is infallible.
O Allah, do not let anyone amongst us deprived, desperate or unhappy. O Merciful One grants us Your Mercy.
O Servants of Allah! Remember Allah and He will remember you. Be grateful for His benevolence and He will increase His blessings to you. Allah, the Most High, says:
“And establish prayer. Indeed, prayer prohibits immorality and wrongdoings, and the remembrance of Allah is greater. And Allah knows that which you do.” [Al-Ankabut, 45]
All praise is due to Allah, Lord of the worlds. May the peace, blessings and salutations of Allah be upon our Noble Messenger, Muhammad, and upon his family, his Companions and his true and sincere followers.
Wassalamu Alaikum,
Written by your Brother, Imam Murtadha Muhammad Gusau, from Okene, Kogi State, Nigeria. He can be reached via: or +2348038289761.
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Friday Sermon: Shi’a Rebels Only Under The Leaders Who Are Muslims, By Imam Murtada Gusau

In The Name Of Allah, The Most Beneficent, The Most Merciful
All praise is due to Allah, Lord of all creation. May Allah extol the mention of the Prophet Muhammad in the highest company of Angels and May the peace and blessings of Allah be upon him, his family, his Companions and all those who follow him exactly till the Day of Judgement.
Dear Brothers and Sisters! Throughout such a talk, we could find out clearly that Shi’ite movements only rose as rebellious movements against the leaders who are Muslims or Sunni rule, hiding under the guise of the religious people who love or are affiliated to the Prophet’s Household (Ahlul Bait).
Many readers – as noticed from their comments – have surely been shocked by the history of the rise of Shi’a. Certainly, we do not record historical facts merely to know what had happened in various stages of history. Rather, we aim at taking lessons wherefrom so that we might be able to tackle our crises in a better and a clearer way. Therefore, ignoring such history stands for committing a crime against modern generations. By doing so, we deprive ourselves of light if we overlook studying the roots of the issue, otherwise. Moreover, first of all, the Qur’an enjoins us to study the stories of ancient nations so as to apply its lessons to our actual fact. In this regard, Allah May He be Exalted said:
“So relate the stories, perhaps they may reflect.” [Al-A’raf, 176]
Accordingly, it is not enough to merely tell stories. Rather, we have to reflect on stories and derive wherefrom practical methods to help us understand our actual fact and thus be enlightened about our future.
I would like to start the Sermon with two important notes:
1. To understand and benefit from this Sermon, readers should first read my previous article, as I highlighted there their origins and referred to some doctrines of Shi’a, which will help understand the developments.
2. Until the moment I only narrate events and report authentic narrations. However, I have not yet highlighted our attitude toward Shi’a and the nature of relations that should be between us and them. Anyway, I will single out my next article for this topic. Thus, it will be useful to me to receive your impressions on how should we deal with them, especially while bearing in mind the historical and religious backgrounds we dealt with in detail.
Now back to the story of Shi’a:
After the death of Al-Hasan Al-Askari (whom they consider their twelfth Imam), Shi’a passed by what was known in the history as the period of “Shia’s Bewilderment”, during which they were divided into many sects, each formulating its religion beliefs according to their whims in such a manner as to have better political gains. The most famous of such sects was Ithna Ashriyyah (who believe in, study and prepare for the advent of the Imam Al-Mahdi, the twelfth descendant of the Prophet Muhammad (Peace be upon him) who according to them is believed to be still alive and waiting for the world to prepare for his emergence from occultation and just leadership), which we dealt with in the previous article. However, it was not the sole sect on the arena. Rather, another but more dangerous sect rose which had the worst impact on the Muslim Ummah, namely, Isma’iliyyah (a major branch of the Shi’a with numerous subdivisions. It branched off from the Imamiyyah by tracing the imamate through Imam Ja’afar Al-Sadiq’s son Isma’il, after whom it is named). It is one of the most erroneous sects whose followers are judged by most Muslim scholars to be out of the scope of Islam. A cunning plan by a Jew, called Maimun Al-Qaddah, who sought to plot against the Muslim Ummah, was behind the foundation of such a sect. This man pretended to be a Muslim and curried favour with Muhammad Bin Isma’il Bin Ja’afar Al-Sadiq, making closer ties with him.
Muhammad Bin Isma’il belongs to the Prophet’s Household and is the grandson of Ja’afar Al-Sadiq (the sixth Imam according to Ithna Ashriyyah). His father Isma’il is the brother of Musa Al-Kazim, the seventh Imam according to Ithna Ashriyyah. Maimun Al-Qaddah perpetrated an act showing his great rancour to the Muslim Ummah, which motivated him to plan to undermine it even if several decades after his death! Maimun Al-Qaddah named his son Bin Muhammad and bequeathed him to give his sons and grandsons the same names of Muhammad Bin Isma’il’s sons and grandsons. His plan was that with the passage of time, those Jews would claim affiliation to the Household of the Prophet (Peace be upon him) being the descendants of Muhammad Bin Isma’il Bin Ja’afar Al-Sadiq! This is not everything. They are to claim that the right to the grand Imamate that is to dominate the entire Muslim Ummah is exclusive to the descendants of Isma’il Bin Ja’afar Al-Sadiq rather than those of Musa Al-Kazim as claimed by Ithna Ashriyyah. Maimun’s dreams came true and the Isma’iliyyah sect came into existence. Later on, Maimun Al-Qaddah’s grandsons started to fabricate tenets and beliefs totally running counter to Islam. One of the most offensive of their tenets is that they believe in Incarnation (their Imam is Allah incarnate). They also believe in transmigration (the passing of the soul, especially those of their Imams, at death into another mortal body). Moreover, they also believe that their Imams will return to life after death (Recently, wallahi, one of Ibrahim Zakzaky’s followers told me that Nigerian army killed their Shaykh in the Zaria event, and he came back to life). Furthermore, they are extremely licentious and indecent and publicly slander Companions and insult the Prophet (Peace be upon him) himself although they claim affiliation to him. Besides, their great concern was to assassinate Sunni leaders in the Muslim world. However, they will have a very serious potential with which I will deal later in this Sermon In Shaa Allah.
Preaching Isma’iliyyah’s destructive ideas then started to spread vividly among the ignorant people. Making use of people’s love of the Prophet’s Household, they persuaded a group of people that they were the grandchildren of Allah’s Messenger (Peace be upon him). Many Persians who pretended outwardly to be Muslims while were inwardly Majus, embraced this call. One of them was Husain Al-Ahwazi, who was one of the most devoted propagators and prominent founders of Isma’iliyyah. He practiced his mission in Basrah (Iraq) where he happened to know a very virulent character in the history of Islam, Hamdan Bin Al-Ash’ath. The latter’s ethnicity is controversial. Some scholars say he was a Persian Majus, while others say he was one of Bahrain Jews. However, Hamdan Bin Al-Ash’ath was nicknamed “Qurmut.” With the passage of time, he formed his own sect which was named Al-Qaramitah after his name. It is a branch of Al-Isma’iliyyah sect but is even more dangerous. This sect holds the idea of common ownership of money and women. Its adherents deem all prohibited acts such as murder, adultery and theft to be lawful. Furthermore, they make living on pillage and highway robbery. Concomitantly, all thieves and outlaws joined it and thus it became one of the most dangerous sects in the history of the Muslim Ummah.
All these and other countless developments took place during the second half of the third century A.H., which resulted in the rise of three major sects, Ithna Ashriyyah, Isma’iliyyah and Qaramitah, each claiming to be on the right. Moreover, they differ in all respects including doctrines, principles and rulings. However, there were conflicts between them and Sunnis as well as among each other, as each of them denied the truth of the other. Actually, they were motivated by whims and innovation (Bid’ah) in religion.
Until this stage of history, such sects were no more than movements that staged disorder and turmoil within the Muslim Ummah. However, they had not yet assumed power or had sovereignty. By the end of the third century and the beginning of the fourth century A.H., great developments took place that led to serious repercussions.
The first sect to assume power was Al-Qaramitah, because it was the most virulent and violent sect. One of its propagators, Rustum Bin Al-Husain, reached Yemen where he established an Al-Qaramitah-based state and started to correspond with people everywhere – they corresponded with even Morocco – propagating their doctrine. However, this state did not last long.
Anyway, another Al-Qaramitah-based state was established on the Arabian Peninsula especially in Bahrain (It is not today’s Bahrain but the area to the east of Arabia). The Qaramitah state in such an area represented so great threat to the safety of Muslims that they murdered Hujjaj (Pilgrims). Perhaps the most heinous crime they committed was attacking Al-Masjid Al-Haram (the Sacred Mosque) on the Day of Tarwiyyah (the eighth day of the month of Dhul?Hijjah) in 317 A.H., during which they killed all Hujjaj (Pilgrims) in the Haram (Sacred Mosque) and stole the Black Stone (Hajarul Aswad) from the Ka’abah after having broken it! They took the Black Stone to their capital in Hajar, to the east of the Arabian Peninsula keeping possession of it for twenty two years (22 years). However, it was returned to the Ka’abah in 399 A.H.
Concerning Isma’iliyyah, they found the land of Morocco a fertile soil for their call. The ideas of Rustum Bin Al-Husain the Qaramitah-based ruler of Yemen spread in Morocco through a man called Abu Abdullah the Shi’ite. We know that both sects, Isma’iliyyah and Qaramitah, claim the Imamate of Isma’il Bin Ja’afar Al-Sadiq.
Therefore, one of the grandsons of Maimun Al-Qaddah, Ubaidullah Bin Al-Husain Bin Ahmad Bin Abdullah Bin Maimun Al-Qaddah, found it opportune to establish a state in Morocco. Thus, he headed for there and, along with some of his followers, declared the Isma’iliyyah-based state nicknaming himself Al-Mahdi. He claimed to be the Imam of the Isma’iliyyah mission and to be a grandson of Muhammad Bin Isma’il Bin Ja’afar Al-Sadiq and that the previous Imams, i.e. his forefathers ending up in lineage with Isma’il Bin Ja’afar Al-Sadiq were concealed. Seeking to attract the hearts of masses, he called his state the Fatimid state falsely after the name of Fatimah the daughter of Allah’s Messenger (Peace be upon him) although he was of a Jewish origin. His call mushroomed among people on account of their ignorance and passion. It started to extend until it took control of North Africa, spreading such Bid’ahs and evils as judging Companions to be disbelievers, incarnation, transmigration of souls and other false beliefs. Expansion of such a state reached Egypt, which was invaded in 359 A.H. by one of their army commanders, Jawhar Al-Saqalli Al-Isma’ili during the reign of Al-Mu’iz Lidinillah Al-Ubaidi (More accurately, he should be better called Al-Ubaidi, after the name of Ubaidullah Al-Mahdi, than called the Fatimid).
Al-Mu’iz Lidinillah Al-Ubaidi invaded Egypt and established Cairo and Al- Azhar Mosque with the aim of spreading the Isma’iliyyah Shi’ite sects therein. He also killed Sunni scholars and publicised cursing Companions. The same was also followed by subsequent rulers. Some of them got so mad that they claimed godhood, the most famous among whom was Al-Hakim bi-Amrillah. They have built many Mosques to spread their thought. Their rule over Egypt, Levant (Sham) and Hijaz lasted for about two centuries until Salahud-Din wiped out their evil and librated Egypt in 567 A.H. from the Isma’ilite occupation. As for the third sect, Ithna Ashriyyah, although believing in many Bid’ahs (innovations in religion), it caused less harm than the abovementioned two sects. Adherents of this sect believe in Allah (May He be Exalted), His Messenger (Peace be upon him) and Resurrection after death. However, they introduced into religion tremendous and heinous Bid’ahs (innovations in religion) and acts. Moreover, its propagators influenced the major tribes in Persia (Iran) and Iraq, which resulted in their assuming power in some areas.
For example, they influenced the Saman tribe, a tribe of a Persian descent, which led to its adhering Shi’ism. The tribe had sovereignty over large parts of Persia (present day Iran) from 261 to 389 A.H. Nevertheless, Shi’ism could make its way through such a state only by nearly the beginning of the fourth century A.H.
They also influenced the Banu Hamdan tribe, a tribe of an Arab descent affiliated back to the Taghlib tribe. They ruled Mosul in Iraq from 317 to 369 A.H. Their authority extended to Aleppo from 333 to 392 AH.
The most dangerous tribe they influenced was the Banu Buwaih tribe, a tribe from a Persian descent. They established a state in Persia and extended their authority so much as to the Abbasid caliphate in 334 A.H. maintaining a puppet Abbasid caliph for fear that Sunnis might rise against them.
They continued to take control of the Abbasid caliphate for over one hundred successive years (from 334 to 447 A.H.) until the rise of the Sunni Seljuk state that saved Iraq from the Shi’ite domination. Throughout such years, Shi’a showed bitter enmity against Sunni scholars and caliph. Furthermore, they wrote phrases at the doors of their Mosques insulting Companions. They would even insult Abu Bakr and Umar (May Allah be pleased with them) in Friday Sermons (Khutbahs). Undoubtedly, it was a very gloomy period in our Islamic history.
So far, we could see that the fourth century A.H. was a purely Shi’a-dominated period; the Shi’ite Buwaihids having had authority over parts of Iran and the entire Iraq, the Samanis having had authority over the east of Iran, parts of Afghanistan and the east of the Muslim world, and the Hamadaniyyun having had authority over parts of Mosul and Aleppo. This is in addition to the Qaramitah’s dominance over the east of Arabia and sometimes over Hijaz and even Damascus and Yemen. As to the Ubaidi (the so-called Fatimid) state, it was so vast that it occupied all African Muslim countries in addition to Palestine, Syria and Lebanon.
By the end of the fourth century A.H., the Qaramitah-based state came to an end, while the Banu Buwayh’s state was put down by the middle of the fifth century A.H. (447 A.H.). As to the Ubaidi Isma’ilites, they continued to rule till the middle of the sixth century A.H. (567 A.H.).
Thereafter, the Muslim world was once again Sunni-ruled in all regions even though the Ithna Ashriyyah sect continued to exist in regions of Persia and parts of Iraq although without assuming power.
The state of affairs continued this way until 907 A.H. (the outset of the tenth century A.H.) when Isma’il the Safavid established the Shi’ite Ithna Ashriyyah Safavid state in Iran (named after their grandfather Safiyyud-Din Al-Ardabili, of a Persian descent, who died in 729 A.H.). This state expanded making Tabriz its capital. Engaging into a fierce conflict with the neighbouring Sunni Ottoman empire, the Safavids allied with the Portuguese in order to fight and defeat Ottomans. They occupied parts of Ottoman-subordinate Iraq, where they started to spread their Shi’ite ideology. However, Sultan Salim (I) fought against them in a well-known decisive battle called in history Chaldrian in 920 A.H., in which he had great victory over them and could expel them from Iraq. Time passed and the conflict continued between Safavids and Ottomans, Iraq being the focus of such a conflict. The Safavid state remained in authority over Iran for over two centuries from 907 A.H. to 1148 A.H., the year when it fell apart, (the Safavids state fell apart in the mid 18th century A.D.), which resulted in the division of Iran into a number of regions that were objects of conflict among Ottomans, Russians, Afghans and the army commanders of Abbas (III), the last Safavid Sultan.
When the Ottoman empire entered into the crumbling phase and was increasingly clawed by Europeans and Russians, its clutch on the areas to the west of Iran, consequently, got less tight. The Iranian region was thereafter ruled alternatively by many rulers whose loyalty was to Western, British, French or Russians, leaders.
In 1193 A.H./ 1779 A.D., a person called Agha Muhammad Qajar, a Shi’ite of a Persian descent, assumed authority. However, having secular tendencies, he neither propagated nor ruled according to Ithna Ashriyyah’s doctrines. He and his sons subsequently ruled Iran successively experiencing ups and downs. The ruler in such a dynasty used to be given the title “Shah.”
This dynasty’s rule was toppled by Reda Bahlavi, who, helped by the British, rebelled against it in 1343 A.H./1925 A.D. appointing himself as the Shah of Iran. However, the British got dissatisfied with him, in 1941 A.D. on account of disagreements that arose between them and thus ousted him and crowned his son Muhammad Reda Bahlavi. The latter continued to rule Iran under the secular system until 1399 A.H./1979 A.D. when the Shi’ite Ithna Ashriyyah Revolution headed by Khomeini rose to restore the Shi’ite system of rule once again in Persia (Iran).
This was the story of the Shi’ite rule over the Muslim world since the rise of Shi’a till the present. Throughout such a story, we could find out clearly that Shi’ite movements only rose as rebellious movements against the Sunni rule or Muslim rule, hiding under the guise of the religious people who love or are affiliated to the Prophet’s Household (Ahlul Bait). During all these stages, we noticed no clashes between any of such sects and such enemies of the Muslim Ummah. Moreover, they engaged in no conflict with Tatars or other enemies. On the contrary, we could notice that they repeatedly cooperated with enemies to destroy Muslim Ummah in all stages of history.
Although we do not tend to hold descendants responsible for the faults of ancestors, we aimed at discussing the abstract, ideology and methodology which completely goes in line with that of ancestors, which is the core point and the root of the problem.
So long as there is a belief in the supposition that Imamate is to be assumed by a particular dynasty, that their Imams are infallible, and they defame Abu Bakr, Umar and Uthman as well as other Companions and Mothers of the Believers (Aisha, Hafsah etc), good faith should never be supposed. Rather, we have to suppose that the descendants have followed the steps of ancestors.
Throughout history, we could find out clearly that Shi’ite movements only rose as rebellious movements against the leaders who are Muslims, hiding under the guise of the religious people who love or are affiliated to the Prophet’s Household (Ahlul Bait). Their rebellions and uprisings in Nigerian history under General Ibrahim Badamasi Babangida (IBB), General Sani Abacha, ‘Yar Adu’a etc, and now under President Muhammad Buhari is in our memory. There’s no any time in the history of their rebellions in Nigeria that we heared they rebel under non-Muslim President. Even their supporters today, in Nigeria, and all those who are fighting for them majority are non-Muslims. Their very aims and goals is to come together in order to undermine Islam and Muslim Ummah, period!
Respected Brothers and Sisters! Now, what do you think our attitude toward them should be? How should we deal with them? Is it better to discuss their issue or keep silent? Is it better to be ignorant or knowledgeable about them? This is what we will continue to deal with in our next topics In Shaa Allah.
I ask Allah to glorify Islam and Muslims. Ameen.
And all praise is due to Allah, Lord of the worlds. May the peace, blessings and salutations of Allah be upon our noble Messenger, Muhammad, and upon his family, his Companions and his true followers.
This Jumu’ah Khutbah (Friday Sermon) was prepared for delivery today Friday, Rabiu’l Awwal 8, 1440 AH (November 16, 2018), by Imam Murtada Muhammad Gusau, the Chief Imam of Nagazi-Uvete Jumu’ah and the late Alhaji Abdur-Rahman Okene’s Mosques, Okene Kogi State, Nigeria. He can be reached via: or +2348038289761.
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The Shi’a And Its Followers, By Imam Murtada Gusau

In the Name Of Allah, The Most Gracious, The Most Merciful
All praise is due to Allah, Lord of all creation. May Allah extol the mention of the Prophet Muhammad in the highest company of Angels and may the peace and blessings of Allah be upon him, his family, his Companions and all those who follow him exactly till the Day of Judgement.
Dear Brothers and Sisters! Scholars of Usul Al-Fiqh (Principles of Islamic Jurisprudence) stated the following rule:
“One cannot pass a judgment on something unless one has a clear conception of it.”
Based on this rule, it is meaningless to pass a judgment on Shi’as unless you have good knowledge about them. It is also meaningless to express one’s opinion on reconciling the views of Sunnis and Shiites without recognising the nature of both groups. Likewise, it is of no real sense to accept or reject talking about Shi’a without knowing the reality of the issue, to what extent it is dangerous, its rank as to our priorities and its relation to the multiple variables the Ummah is facing.
In short, before we proceed to criticise the opponents or the proponents of Shi’a, we should first understand who Shi’as are, what their origins are, what their theological and Fiqhi (Jurisprudential) backgrounds are, what their history is about, what their reality is an what their goals and ambitions are. Only after doing this, we can express our view foresightedly, especially when we know how many people changed their long-believed views and give up their ideas after they had been provided with sound information and clear vision.
Now the question is who are Shi’as?
The issue is not merely that of certain people living in a certain country who have some disputes with neighbouring countries. Rather, it is an issue of theological, historical and Fiqhi backgrounds that have to be referred to.
Many historians differ on the real beginning of Shi’a.
What is commonly believed by the masses is that Shi’as are those people who supported Ali Bin Abi Talib during the caliphate of Mu’awiyah Bin Abi Sufyan, (May Allah be pleased with them). Accordingly, this means that those who supported Ali Bin Abi Talib are Shi’a while those who supported Mu’awiyah are Sunnis. Such a notion has never been accepted by anyone. Moreover, Sunnis believe with regard to the dispute that arose between the two honourable Companions that Ali (May Allah be pleased with him) was on the right, while Mu’awiyah (May Allah be pleased with him) exercised Ijtihad (independent judgment) but did not reach the truth. Thus, Sunnis thought is clearly siding with Ali. Moreover, tenets, doctrines and ideologies held by Shi’a are entirely different from those held by Ali Bin Abi Talib absolutely. Therefore, it is incorrect to say that the rise of Shi’a was at that era.
Some historians say that the rise of Shi’a was after Al-Husain (May Allah be pleased with him) was martyred. This opinion sounds to be more logical. Actually, Al-Husain rebelled against the rule of Yazid Bin Mu’awiyah and, therefore, headed for Iraq after his followers there had promised to back him. However, they let him down at the critical time, which led to the martyrdom of Al-Husain at Karbala. The group of people who invited him and failed to support him regretted doing so and decided to expiate their sin through rebelling against the Umayyad state. They actually did so and a large number of them were killed and thus were called Shi’a. This might explain why we notice that Shi’a are more attached to Al-Husain Bin Ali than to Ali Bin Abi Talib (May Allah be pleased with him) himself. They also, as we can see, mark the anniversary of Al-Husain’s martyrdom while they do not mark that of Ali Bin Abi Talib.
However, this sect only rose as a political one opposing the rule of the Umayyad dynasty and backed any attempts to rebel against it. Until that time, they did not hold theological or jurisprudential principles different from those of Sunnis. We will even come to know that earlier leaders whom Shiites claim to be their earlier Shi’a Imams were only Sunni men adopting doctrines and principles of Sunnis.
The situation continued to be stable for months after the martyrdom of Al-Husain (May Allah be pleased with him). At this period lived Ali Zainul-Abidin Bin Al-Husain who was one of the most righteous personalities and great ascetic scholars. He has never been reported to have any beliefs or ideologies different from those held by Companions and later generations.
Ali Zainul-Abidin had two sons of a high level of piety and purity, namely, Muhammad Al-Baqir and Zaid, both of whom completely believed in beliefs held by Sunni scholars including Companions and Successors. However, Zaid Bin Ali (May Allah have mercy on him) differed in viewing that Ali Bin Abi Talib was worthier of assuming caliphate than Abu Bakr (May Allah be pleased with him). Although this opinion conflicts with the Ummah’s consensus (Ijma’) and contradicts many authentic Prophetic Hadith that explicitly held Abu Bakr Al-Siddik, Umar and Uthman in a higher rank than Ali (May Allah be pleased with him), this difference of opinion, however, does not relate to doctrinal issues. While he viewed that Ali was the best, he, however, admitted the high rank of the first three caliphs. He also believed in the permissibility of one less in rank assuming imamate despite the existence of those higher in rank. Accordingly, he did not deny the imamate of Abu Bakr, Umar and Uthman (May Allah be pleased with them). Apart from this view, he concurred with Sunnis in theology, principles and Fiqh.
Repeating the attempt of his grandfather Al-Husain Bin Ali (May Allah be pleased with them both), Zaid Bin Ali rebelled against the Umayyad caliph Hisham Bin Abdul-Malik, which ended up with his being killed in 122 A.H. His followers then founded a sect based on his ideas, known in history as Zaidiyyah, named after Zaid Bin Ali. Though considered to be a Shi’a-based sect, Zaidiyyah agrees with Sunnis in everything except in holding Ali in a higher position than the first three Caliphs. The followers of this sect are mainly in Yemen and they are the nearest Shi’a sects to Sunnis – even one can hardly distinguish them from Sunnis in most respects.
It is worth mentioning that a group of the followers of Zaid Bin Ali asked him about his opinion on Abu Bakr and Umar. In reply, he supplicated Allah to show mercy to both of them, but those who asked him refused to do the same and seceded from his sect. Therefore, they were known in the history as Rafidah (lit. dissenters) because they rejected the caliphate of Abu Bakr and Umar on one hand, and rejected Zaid’s opinion on the other. Subsequent generations of such a group founded a sect which was later known as Ithna-Ashriyyah (or Imamiyyah) to turn into Shi’a’s largest sect.
Muhammad Al-Baqir, Zaid Bin Ali’s brother, died eight years before his brother (in 114 A.H.) leaving behind a son who became the reverend scholar, Ja’afar Al-Sadiq. The latter was a prominent scholar and a proficient Faqih (Jurisprudent), who held the same theology believed in by Companions, Successors and Muslim scholars in general.
Late at the era of the Umayyad caliphate, the Abbasid movement started activities aiming at rallying people against the Umayyad caliphate. The movement collaborated with the groups which seceded from Zaid Bin Ali and both toppled the Umayyad caliphate in 132 A.H. The Abbasid caliphate came to power headed by the founder Abul-Abbas Al-Saffah and his successor Abu Ja’afar Al-Mansur. Those who collaborated with this movement felt disappointed as they sought to establish a caliphate ruled by one of Ali Bin Abi Talib’s grandchildren. Therefore, those people formed a group called Al-Talibiyyun (lit. proponents of Ali Bin Abi Talib (May Allah be pleased with him) compared to Abbasids who are named after Al-Abbas Bin Abdul-Muttalib) with the aim of staging a coup against the Abbasid caliphate.
Until this era, there were no essential theological or jurisprudential violations except that of the criticism of Abu Bakr and Umar; actually, some of them who seceded from Zaid Bin Ali rejected them and would even curse them in public.
Ja’afar Al-Sadik died in 148 A.H. leaving behind a son called Musa Al-Kazim, who was also a scholar but less in rank than his father. He died in 183 A.H. leaving behind some sons including Ali Bin Musa Al-Ridah.
It happened that the Abbasid caliph al Ma’amun sought to contain the rebellion of Al-Talibiyyun who claimed the caliphate for the descendants of Ali Bin Abi Talib rather than those of Al-Abbas. Thus, he nominated Ali Bin Musa Al-Ridah as the crown prince, which fueled a fierce controversy among Abbasids. However, Ali Bin Musa Al-Ridah suddenly died in 203 A.H., but Al-Talibiyyun accused Al-Ma’amun of killing him and once again staged successive revolutions against Abbasids just as they did with Umayyads.
Anyway, passage of years gave room for revolutions to relatively calm down. Until that time, Shi’a had not yet adopted an independent religious school of thought to be called Shi’a. Rather, there were only political movements aiming at assuming power and opposing leaders due to many reasons which did not include such theological reasons as those held by Shi’a now.
Strikingly, such dissenting calls found support on a large scale in the Persian region (currently Iran). Actually, many inhabitants of such a region felt sorry for the fall of the huge Persian empire and its fusion into the Islamic state. They, Persians, considered themselves of a higher race, a better ethnicity and a greater history than Muslims. This feeling led to the rise of Persophilia – an ideology which means giving priority to their race and ethnicity over anything even Islam. Some of them even showed deep adherence to their Persian roots, lock, stock and barrel, even the fire which they once worshiped.
As they were not powerful enough to rebel against the Islamic state, and being Muslims for decades, they found the Al-Talibiyyun’s revolutions a way through which they would seek to topple the Islamic caliphate which toppled their Persian state before. In the same time, they did not want to forsake Islam which they embraced for many years. They, however, decided to interpolate it through injecting into it the heritage of the Persian state so as to secure instability within the Muslim Ummah. They kept a low profile, while Al-Talibiyyun maintained the high profile. Bearing in mind that Al-Talibiyyun are affiliated to Ali Bin Abi Talib, are a part of the Prophet’s Household and thus held in a high esteem by people, such people secured continuation of their mission.
Thus, attempts of Persophils united with those of Al-Talibiyyun belonging to the Prophet’s Household to form a new independent, not only political but also religious, entity.
Back to Al-Talibiyyun, we can see that after the death of Ali Al-Ridah whom Abbasid Caliph Al-Ma’amun nominated as the crown prince, he was succeeded by his son Muhammad Al-Jawad who died in 220 A.H. The latter was also succeeded by his son Ali Bin Muhammad Al-Hadi who died in 254 A.H. Finally, the latter was succeeded by Al-Hasan Bin Ali called Al-Askari who also died suddenly in 260 A.H. leaving behind a young 5-year-old son, Muhammad.
Throughout previous years, separatist movements, which consisted of some of the Prophet’s Household and Persophils, would swear allegiance to the elder son of Al-Talibiyyun’s leader, starting with Ali Al-Ridah and ending with Al-Hasan Al-Askari. Concerning the ascendants of Ali Al-Ridah, such as his father Musa Al-Kazim or his grandfather Ja’afar Al-Sadik or his grandfather’s father Muhammad Al-Baqir, they did not assume the revolutionary leadership against Umayyad or Abbasid rule.
However, after Al-Hasan Al-Askari had died in 260 A.H., revolutionists got totally confused as to who is to assume leadership when Al-Hasan Al-Askari left behind a young son. They even got more confused after the sudden death of that young son. This resulted in dividing such revolutionary groups into many sects each different from the other in terms of principles and ideas as well as even in laws and beliefs.
The most famous among such sects is Ithna Ashriyyah (or Imamiyyah), now prevailing in Iran, Iraq and Lebanon. It is the biggest Shiite sect at present.
The leaders of this sect started to add to Islam ideas that would work best for situations they are exposed to currently and that may ensure the continuation of their sect despite the absence of their leader.
They added many serious Bid’ahs (innovations in religion) to the religion of Islam, claiming them to be part and parcel of Islam. Thus, such Bid’ahs, with the passage of time, became a key component of their ideology and thought. Some of such Bid’ahs relate to Imamate (caliphate). Seeking a justification for the lack of a current Imam or leader, they argued that Imams are twelve only, arranging them in the following order:
1. Ali Bin Abi Talib
2. Al-Hasan Bin Ali
3. Al-Husain Bin Ali
4. Ali Zainul-Abidin Bin Al-Husain
5. Muhammad Al-Baqir Bin Zainul-Abidin
6. Ja’afar Al-Sadik Bin Muhammad Al-Baqir
7. Musa Al-Kazim
8. Ali Al-Ridah
9. Muhammad Al-Jawad
10. Ali Al-Hadi
11. Muhammad Al-Mahdi and
12. Al-Hassan Al-Askari.
That is why this sect is called Ithna Ashriyyah (Imamiyyah or The Twelvers). Seeking to justify why the Imam succession came to an end, they claimed that the young child Muhammad Bin Al-Hasan Al-Askari has not died yet, and that, according to them, he has disappeared in a mountain cave and that he is still alive (over one thousand years now). They further claim that he will be back one day to rule the world. They also believe him to be the Awaited Mahdi (Righteous Imam).
They also claimed that the Messenger of Allah (Peace be upon him) bequeathed Imamate to those twelve names but Companions withheld and hide such information. This is why they judge Companions in general to be disbelievers (however, some of them judge Companions to be only profligate) as they concealed such a bequeath. Influenced by the Persian system of rule, they introduced the inevitability of the monarchical system believing that the Imam must be the elder son of Ali Bin Abi Talib and likewise all succeeding Imams.
As known to all, this notion is not Islamic at all. Even Sunni Islamic states based on a monarchical system, such as Umayyad, Abbasid, Seljuk, Ayyubi and Ottoman caliphates, never considered the monarchical system to be a part of religion or that ruling must be on a dynasty basis. Influenced also by Persia, they introduced sanctification of the ruling dynasty. Accordingly, they believed in the infallibility of the aforementioned Imams and thus considered their sayings to be as holy as the Qur’an and Prophetic Hadith.
Moreover, most of their Fiqhi (jurisprudential) rules are even derived from the sayings of Imams, regardless of whether these sayings are authentically or falsely attributed to them. Furthermore, in his book “Islamic Government (Al-Hukumah Al-Islamiyyah)”, Khomeini, the leader of the Iranian revolution, stated that:
“One of the fundamentals of our ideology is that our Imams are higher in rank than devoted angels and Prophets.”
Hence, this explains their bitter hostility to all Companions (except for a few of them who do not exceed thirteen). They also show hostility to even some of the Prophet’s Household, such as Al-Abbas (May Allah be pleased with him), Allah’s Messenger’s uncle, and his son Abdullah Bin Abbas (May Allah be pleased with him), the great scholar of the Ummah. Unarguably, hostility to these two figures and judging them to be disbelievers is due to the historical conflict between Ithna Ashriyyah and Abbasid caliphate.
Also among their Bid’ahs (innovations) is that they consider most Muslim countries to be Darul-Kufr (House of disbelief). They also judge the people of Madinah, Makkah, Egypt and Levant (Sham) to be disbelievers, falsely reporting the Messenger of Allah to have said something in this regard and thus believe it to be a part of their religion.
Wallahi, you can refer to such ideas in their original resources, such as Al-Kafi, Bihar Al-Anwar and Tafsir Al-Qummi, Tafsir Al-Ayyashi, Al-Burhan and other books.
Consequently, they do not acknowledge any Sunni scholars and all the authentic Hadith books, such as Al-Bukhari, Muslim, Al-Tirmidhi and Al-Nasa’i. They also deny the authority of Abu Hanifah, Malik, Al-Shafi`i and Ibn Hanbal. They also do not admit the excellence of Khalid Bin Al-Walid or Sa’ad Bin Abi Waqqas, Umar Bin Abdul-Aziz, Musa Bin Nusair, Nurul-Din Mahmud, Salahud-Din, Qutuz and Muhammad Al-Fatih.
As a result of their non-recognition of Companions, Successors and books of Hadith and Tafsir (exegesis of the Qur’an), they depended largely on sayings attributed to their Imams through very weak chains of narrators. Consequently, many abhorred Bid’ahs took place regarding their doctrines, acts of worship, transactions and other wakes of life. In this article, I do not intend to give a list of their Bid’ahs; actually, such a goal requires composing many books. I only refer here to the origin of the problem so that we may understand its consequences.
However, it requires a lengthy talk to speak about such Bid’ahs as Taqiyyah (a dispensation allowing Shiites to conceal their faith when under threat, persecution or compulsion) and Raj’a (the second coming or the return to life of their Imams after death), viewing that the Qur’an was interpolated, misbelieving in Allah, Bid’ahs committed at the shrines, building such shrines in Mosques, abhorred Bid’ahs committed on the anniversary of Al-Husain’s Martyrdom and thousands of other Bid’ahs that became key pillars in religion according to Shi’a Ithna Ashriyyah.
Wallahi all that I have mentioned so far is only a part of the ideology of Ithna Ashriyyah. However, there are several other sects that rose during the same period in history, especially during the period known in history as the period of “Shi’a Bewilderment”, which started as early as the middle of the third century A.H. following the death of Al-Hasan Al-Askari (the twelfth and last Imam according to them).
From this period on, literature and books that plant their ideology and doctrines were composed. Their methodologies spread widely in the Persian region in particular and in the Muslim world in general. However, till then no state was established to officially adopt such ideologies. Anyway, by the end of the third century and the beginning of the fourth century A.H., serious developments took place that led to Shi’a assuming power in some areas, which had serious repercussions on the entire Muslim Ummah.
However, I have to repeat the rule that “one cannot pass a judgment on something unless one has a clear conception of it.” Thus, if we are to take a decision regarding a specific matter or issue, we have to have knowledge about it first. In other words, we can judge something to be right or wrong or say that it is better to do so-and-so only when authentic information is available. Undoubtedly, judgments based of passions and on no study leads certainly to evil consequences.
Respected Brothers and Sisters! Now what do you think our attitude toward Shi’as should be? How should we deal with them? Is it better to discuss their issue or keep silent? Is it better to be ignorant or knowledgeable about them? This is what I will deal with in my next Jumu’ah Sermon, In Shaa Allah.
Lastly, I ask Allah to glorify Islam and Muslims. Ameen.
And all praise is due to Allah, Lord of the worlds. May the peace, blessings and salutations of Allah be upon our Noble Messenger, Muhammad, and upon his family, his Companions and his true followers.
Your Brother:
Imam Murtada Muhammad Gusau, from Okene, Kogi State, Nigeria: He can be reached via: or +2348038289761.
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