All for Peace By Rabiu Shamma
I was privileged to be among the participants in a Capacity Building on Conflict management with the focus on conflict analysis organized by the Arewa Citizens for Change (ACAC) in conjunction with Centre For Crisis Prevention and Peace Advocacy(CCPPA) powered by the united States Institute of Peace (USIP) which held at the Imam Wali Secretariat in Kano on 20th of August 2013
The Course was organized as a result of the downward decline of peace and harmony in the country particularly in the northern region, it is aimed at salvaging the north from the current state of insecurity, political and economic downturn, the workshop the organizers says is modeled on the ‘Train the Trainer Strategy’, which emphasizes the training of participants so that they can be able to train others. Certificate of participation is issued to participants by the United States Institute of Peace (USIP) and acquiring the tag of Peace Ambassadors.
The workshop was actually well organized and to international standard. It started on time and was declared open by the Dan Masanin Kano, Alhaji Yusuf Maitama Sule, who gave his usual mesmerizing speech, urging the youths to be active, self dependent and strive to make meaningful contribution to national development. Also in attendance were Kano state executives of the Arewa Citizens Action for Change (ACAC), Arewa Youth Development Foundation (AYDF), the Arewa Students Forum (ASF), my own constituencies of the National Association of Kano State Students(NAKSS), Facebookers Forum of Nigeria (FFN) under the leadership of my national President Comrade Safwan Suraj S. I. as well as resource persons from the Centre for Crisis Prevention and Peace Advocacy (CCPPA) and other trainees strictly invited from civil society groups, youth associations and local government authorities.
The workshop course paper delivered by Mr. Odewale A. Yakubu, the national Co’ordinator of the Centre for Crisis Prevention and Peace Advocacy(CCPPA) took us through the intricacies of conflicts, and through what stages conflicts go through and the methods employed in solving those kinds of conflicts. Conflict analysis is ‘central’ he observed, because it is very important in management and understanding of conflicts.
The course used two analytical tools of the ‘Curve of Conflict’ and the ‘Analytical Framework’ in analyzing two case studies of the genocide in Rwanda and the conflict in Kosovo.
The Curve of Conflict was proposed by Micheal Lund in his insightful Book, Preventing Violent Conflicts, it is a conceptual model that illustrates how conflicts tends to rise and fall over time, the curve goes through durable peace, stable peace, unstable peace, crisis, war and post war with every stage having its own characteristics which were identified and analyzed extensively.
This curve or stages of evolution of conflicts were analyze by applying it to the Rwandan genocide that involved the Hutu and the Tutsi people and the Kosovo conflict and what and how those conflicts were triggered, their history, the nature of the countries, how the conflicts were resolved and efforts taken to forestall future occurrence.
Comments and questions were entertained and later after a proper break, the workshop resumed for the last round where the ‘Analytical Framework’ was used to answer a series of questions organized along five key themes of: Actors, Root Causes, Issues, Scope and Stage, Power, Resource, and Relationship and History of the Relationship; with each category carrying some couple of questions underneath to help us the participants understand the analysis of those conflicts in Rwanda and Kosovo.
The workshop was indeed very educating, engaging and enlightening and also thought provoking considering the unstable peace in Nigeria at the moment and how we can help tame it. We now have the responsibility to use what we learned in the workshop to train others and in doing that contributing in our own small way to realizing DURABLE PEACE in Kano and Nigeria in general.
There are still some room for improvement though,I highlighted at the workshop that there is the need to include a Nigerian experience in the course paper which will make it have an indigenous feel and the organizers promised to improve upon that.
Everyone one of the participants is now able to employ those analytical tools to analyze conflicts anywhere in the world and also to serve an advocates/ambassadors of peace in our locality.
At the end of the workshop, an exam was conducted for the us and certificates will be issued from tomorrow courtesy of the United States Institute of Peace (USIP).
Some memorable quotes from the workshop:
“If disputes remain unresolved and tensions continue to rise, conflicts may over time enter a phase known as Unstable Peace”
“To learn from previous attempts at intervention, analysts pay particular attention to the history of peace making efforts.”. Course handout.
“The youth should lead the revolution, but one that is peaceful not violent” Dan Masani.
Written by Rabiu Shamma (Peace Ambassador). www.rabiushamma.blogspot.com, firstname.lastname@example.org
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